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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908318

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The importance of autophagy for maintaining cellular homeostasis and stress response has long been recognized.As a way for cells to selectively clear their damaged organelles to achieve the recycling of cellular components,autophagy has a pivotal role in bone metabolism.OBJECTIVE:To review the role and possible mechanisms of autophagy in regulating bone-related cell activity and function among bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells,osteoblasts,osteocytes,and osteoclasts.METHODS:PubMed was searched for studies related to autophagy using the keywords of "autophagy;bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells;osteoblasts;osteocytes;osteoclasts."RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:We finally included 84 papers.Autophagy plays an important role in bone metabolism.Autophagy is involved in maintaining the balance between mineralization and absorption,and then maintaining bone homeostasis.An appropriate autophagy inducer may also benefit bone remodeling.Abnormal autophagy can lead to disorders of bone balance,leading to diseases such as osteoporosis.We may prevent or treat bone-related diseases by regulating the level of autophagy as its function in maintaining the balance of mineralization and resorption in bone homeostasis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 358-362, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928818

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic Pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive, fibrotic interstitial lung disease with unknown cause, which is closely related to lung cancer. A serious complication called Acute exacerbation of IPF (AE-IPF) is prone to occur after lung resection. It progresses rapidly without effective treatment and has a poor prognosis. A typical case of AE-IPF after lung cancer surgery was reported, and its clinical characteristics, imaging features, diagnosis and treatment were summarized.
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Subject(s)
Disease Progression , Humans , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928204

ABSTRACT

Aiming at the problems of individual differences in the asynchrony process of human lower limbs and random changes in stride during walking, this paper proposes a method for gait recognition and prediction using motion posture signals. The research adopts an optimized gated recurrent unit (GRU) network algorithm based on immune particle swarm optimization (IPSO) to establish a network model that takes human body posture change data as the input, and the posture change data and accuracy of the next stage as the output, to realize the prediction of human body posture changes. This paper first clearly outlines the process of IPSO's optimization of the GRU algorithm. It collects human body posture change data of multiple subjects performing flat-land walking, squatting, and sitting leg flexion and extension movements. Then, through comparative analysis of IPSO optimized recurrent neural network (RNN), long short-term memory (LSTM) network, GRU network classification and prediction, the effectiveness of the built model is verified. The test results show that the optimized algorithm can better predict the changes in human posture. Among them, the root mean square error (RMSE) of flat-land walking and squatting can reach the accuracy of 10 -3, and the RMSE of sitting leg flexion and extension can reach the accuracy of 10 -2. The R 2 value of various actions can reach above 0.966. The above research results show that the optimized algorithm can be applied to realize human gait movement evaluation and gait trend prediction in rehabilitation treatment, as well as in the design of artificial limbs and lower limb rehabilitation equipment, which provide a reference for future research to improve patients' limb function, activity level, and life independence ability.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Gait , Humans , Machine Learning , Neural Networks, Computer , Walking
4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 961-964, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923318

ABSTRACT

MicroRNA-200c (miR-200c) is a type of non-coding small molecule RNA, which is involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of genes and is closely associated with the development and progression of tumor. This article introduces the inhibitory effect of miR-200c on the invasion and metastasis of pancreatic cancer and the clinical application value of miR-200c in the early diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of pancreatic cancer. It is pointed out that miR-200c can be used as a tumor suppressor gene and an effective molecular marker for further clinical research.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 50-56, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909832

ABSTRACT

Methods:A retrospective case-series study was performed to analyzed the data of 38 patients (38 feet) with displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures admitted to Xuzhou Central Hospital from January 2016 to May 2018. There were 21 males (21 feet) and 17 females (17 feet), with the age of (33.7±6.2)years (range, 21-53 years). According to the Sanders' classification, 7 patients were classified as type II, 27 as type III and 4 as type IV. All patients underwent the procedure of subtalar arthroscopy combined with locking plate fixation through anterolateral longitudinal incision of the Achilles tendon procedure. The operation time, intro-operative management, incision healing, and post-operative complications (nerve, vessels and tendon injuries)were recorded. B?hler angle, Gissane angle, length, width and height of the calcaneus, and bone healing time were recorded at postoperative 2 days and at final follow-up. The visual analogue score (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle and hindfoot scale, and Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) were recorded at final follow-up, and were used to evaluate the clinical and functional outcomes.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-42 months [(18.7±5.3)months]. The operation time ranged from 45 to 100 minutes [(72.4±22.6)minutes]. Bone grafting was not observed, and microfracture of the posterior articular surface of the calcaneus were involved in 9 patients. The first-stage incision healing was achieved in all patients, without early complications of nerve, vessel and tendon injuries. The post-operative angles of B?hler and Gissane, length, width and height of the calcaneus were significantly improved compared to preoperative values ( P<0.01), while there were no significant difference at postoperative 2 days and at final follow-up ( P>0.05). At final follow-up, the VAS decreased from 5(3, 9)points to 0(0, 3)points, AOFAS improved from (68.3±10.5)points to (90.6±5.0)points, and FAOS improved from (66.9±9.1)points to (89.8±4.3)points, respectively ( P<0.01). According to the AOFAS ankle and hindfoot scale, the result was excellent in 27 patients, good in 8, and fair in 3, with the excellent and good rate of 92%. Conclusions:For displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures, subtalar arthroscopy combined with locking plate fixation through anterolateral longitudinal incision of the Achilles tendon has advantages of precise fracture reduction, low postoperative complications and reliable functional outcomes.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prevalence and influencing factors of mental violence in intimate partner violence.Methods:A total of 900 people, who aged 18 to 65 with marriage or love experience, were selected from Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region using stratification cluster method. A self-designed questionnaire for general information, the brief conflict tactics scale 2 (CTS-2), perceived stress scales (PSS) and personality diagnostic questionnaire-4+ (PDQ-4+ ) were used for questionnaire investigation. The influencing factors of mental violence were analyzed by binary logistic regression analysis model using SPSS 17.0 software.Results:The scores of CTS-2, PPS and PDQ-4+ were (21.46±6.38), (42.48±18.91), and (3.05±0.62), respectively. In the past one year, the incidence of abusing partners, emotional violence, destroying each other's goods and threatening to hit each other in mental violence were 41.67% (375/900), 33.44% (301/900), and 8.44% (76/900), respectively. Based on the scores of three items, the incidence of mental violence was 55.44% (499/900). Multi-factor logistic regression analysis showed age≤29 ( β=0.57, OR=2.53, 95% CI=1.11-5.99), male ( β=0.64, OR=3.68, 95% CI=1.22-4.56), rural ( β=0.12, OR=2.49, 95% CI=1.17-5.36), moderate and severe drinking ( β=0.33, OR=2.87, 95% CI=2.57-6.63), higher perceived stress level ( β=0.51, OR=1.05, 95% CI=1.03-1.09), personality factors deviate ( β=0.43, OR=2.26, 95% CI=2.13-2.39), lower marital satisfaction ( β=0.18, OR=2.05, 95% CI=1.03-8.76), behavior control over partner ( β=0.16, OR=2.55, 95% CI=1.68-3.69), economic control over partners ( β=0.19, OR=1.36, 95% CI=1.28-1.55) were risk factors of mental violence in intimate partner violence, while individual opposed attitude towards violence ( β=0.29, OR=0.88, 95% CI=0.80-0.94) was the protective factor of mental violence in intimate partner violence. Conclusion:The annual incidence of mental violence is high. Therefore, it is necessary to focus on the young, male, rural and personality deviant people. The incidence of mental violence may be reduced by reducing the individual's perceived stress level, drinking level, behavior control and economic control over partners, and strengthening the marital satisfaction and the individual's opposition to violence.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908455

ABSTRACT

Transplantation acquired food allergy (TAFA) is a rare complication of solid organ transplantation. The pathogenesis of TAFA has not been fully elucidated. There are two possible mechanisms for its occurrence: food allergy mediated by IgE delivery of the donor and food allergy caused by food intolerance after transplantation. At present, there is still insufficient understanding of this complication among transplant physicians. Through systematic review of relevant literature, the authors summarized the research progress of TAFA, which mainly included the pathogenesis, clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of TAFA. In order to provide reference for the diagnosis and treatment of TAFA.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906060

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on pharmacokinetics, the antitussive and expectorant related quality markers (Q-marker) of Trichosanthis Fructus were screened from diosmetin-7-<italic>O</italic>-glucopyranoside, diosmetin, apigenin, vanillic acid and cinnamic acid, and the candidate Q-marker was evaluated by multivariate statistical method. Method:Six healthy rats were randomly selected and the 70% ethanol extract of Trichosanthis Fructus (dose of 20 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) was given by intragastric administration. Blood was collected from the orbital vein at different time points, and the plasma concentrations of 5 components (diosmetin-7-<italic>O</italic>-glucopyranoside, diosmetin, apigenin, vanillic acid and cinnamic acid) from Trichosanthis Fructus were detected simultaneously by high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-QqQ-MS/MS). The main detection conditions were as following:mobile phase of 0.2% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-4 min, 6%-23%B; 4-5 min, 23%-59.5%B; 5-10 min, 59.5%-60%B), flow rate of 0.5 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the detection wavelength at 254 nm, electrospray ionization (ESI), positive ion mode detection, multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode scanning, scanning range of <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 50-1 500. Diosmetin-7-<italic>O</italic>-glucopyranoside, diosmetin, apigenin and vanillic acid with clear pharmacokinetic behaviors were selected as candidate Q-marker about antitussive and expectorant of Trichosanthis Fructus. The contents of these components in 9 batches of medicinal materials were determined and the main detection conditions were the same as the pharmacokinetic study. SPSS 21.0 was used for cluster analysis and principal component analysis (PAC) based on the results of determination. Result:The pharmacokinetic results showed that the area under concentration-time curve (AUC<sub>0-</sub><italic><sub>t</sub></italic>) of 4 components (diosmetin-7-<italic>O</italic>-glucopyranoside, diosmetin, apigenin and vanillic acid) were (111.28±9.94), (27.08±2.76), (1 376.12±101.86), (631.32±64.72) μg·h·L<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. The 9 batches of Trichosanthis Fructus samples were clustered into 3 groups by systematic cluster analysis. The clustering results were related to the variety of Trichosanthis Fructus and also affected by the origin. The PCA results showed that the comprehensive scores of Gaotang Trichosanthis Fructus, Shanxi Trichosanthis Fructus, Hebei Ben Trichosanthis Fructus were 1.919, 1.356 and 0.299, respectively, ranking in the top 3 among all samples. The comprehensive scores of Nongkeyuan No. 1, Hebei Trichosanthis Fructus and Nongkeyuan No. 2 were -0.804, -1.085, -1.120, respectively, which were in the last 3 positions among all samples. Conclusion:The pharmacokinetic characteristics and quality evaluation of diosmetin-7-<italic>O</italic>-glucopyranoside, diosmetin, apigenin and vanillic acid meet the requirements about antitussive and expectorant related Q-marker of Trichosanthis Fructus.

9.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 210-216, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903782

ABSTRACT

Background@#Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common complication of acute herpes zoster. The treatment of PHN remains a challenge for clinical pain management. Despite the effectiveness of anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and lidocaine patches in reducing PHN, many patients still face intractable pain disorders.In this randomized controlled study, we evaluated whether hydromorphone through intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) was effective in relieving PHN. @*Methods@#Patients with PHN were randomly divided into two groups, one group received oral pregabalin with IV normal saline, another group received oral pregabalin with additional IV PCA hydromorphone for two weeks. Efficacy was evaluated at 1, 4, and 12 weeks after the end of the treatments. @*Results@#Two hundred and one patients were followed up for 12 weeks. After treatment, numerical rating scale (NRS) score of patients in the hydromorphone group was significantly lower than that of the control group, and the difference of NRS scores between the two groups was statistically significant at 4 and 12 weeks after treatment. The frequency of breakthrough pain in the hydromorphone group was significantly lower than that in the control group 1 and 4 weeks after treatment.After treatment, the quality of sleep in the hydromorphone group was significantly improved compared with the control group. The most common adverse reactions in the hydromorphone group were dizziness and nausea, with no significant respiratory depression. @*Conclusions@#IV PCA hydromorphone combined with oral pregabalin provides superior pain relief in patients with PHN, which is worthy of clinical application and promotion.

10.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 244-255, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898362

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) are a class of non-coding RNAs demonstrated to play pivotal roles in regulating tumor progression. Therefore, deciphering the regulatory role of lncRNA in the development of glioma may offer a promising therapeutic target for treatment of glioma. We performed RT-qPCR analysis on the expression of lncRNA plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) and miR-365 in glioma tissues and cell lines. Cell proliferation and viability was assessed with CCK8 assay. Cell migration was assessed by wound healing assay. Transwell assay was used to assess cell invasion capacity. Expression of CD133+ cells was detected by flow cytometry. Western blot assay was used to detection the expression of ELF4 and stemness-related protein SOX2, Oct4 and Nanog. Bioinformatics and dual-luciferase assay were used to predict and validate the interaction between PVT1 and miR-365. Elevated PVT1 expression was observed in glioma tissues and cells. Knockdown of PVT1 and overexpression of miR-365 inhibited proliferation, migration, invasion and promoted stemness and Temozolomide (TMZ) resistance of glioma cells. PVT1 regulated ELF4 expression by competitively binds to miR-365. PVT1 regulated the stemness and sensitivity of TMZ of glioma cells through miR-365/ELF4/ SOX2 axis. This study identified that PVT1 promoted glioma stemness through miR-365/ELF4/SOX2 axis.

11.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 210-216, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896078

ABSTRACT

Background@#Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common complication of acute herpes zoster. The treatment of PHN remains a challenge for clinical pain management. Despite the effectiveness of anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and lidocaine patches in reducing PHN, many patients still face intractable pain disorders.In this randomized controlled study, we evaluated whether hydromorphone through intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) was effective in relieving PHN. @*Methods@#Patients with PHN were randomly divided into two groups, one group received oral pregabalin with IV normal saline, another group received oral pregabalin with additional IV PCA hydromorphone for two weeks. Efficacy was evaluated at 1, 4, and 12 weeks after the end of the treatments. @*Results@#Two hundred and one patients were followed up for 12 weeks. After treatment, numerical rating scale (NRS) score of patients in the hydromorphone group was significantly lower than that of the control group, and the difference of NRS scores between the two groups was statistically significant at 4 and 12 weeks after treatment. The frequency of breakthrough pain in the hydromorphone group was significantly lower than that in the control group 1 and 4 weeks after treatment.After treatment, the quality of sleep in the hydromorphone group was significantly improved compared with the control group. The most common adverse reactions in the hydromorphone group were dizziness and nausea, with no significant respiratory depression. @*Conclusions@#IV PCA hydromorphone combined with oral pregabalin provides superior pain relief in patients with PHN, which is worthy of clinical application and promotion.

12.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 244-255, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890658

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) are a class of non-coding RNAs demonstrated to play pivotal roles in regulating tumor progression. Therefore, deciphering the regulatory role of lncRNA in the development of glioma may offer a promising therapeutic target for treatment of glioma. We performed RT-qPCR analysis on the expression of lncRNA plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) and miR-365 in glioma tissues and cell lines. Cell proliferation and viability was assessed with CCK8 assay. Cell migration was assessed by wound healing assay. Transwell assay was used to assess cell invasion capacity. Expression of CD133+ cells was detected by flow cytometry. Western blot assay was used to detection the expression of ELF4 and stemness-related protein SOX2, Oct4 and Nanog. Bioinformatics and dual-luciferase assay were used to predict and validate the interaction between PVT1 and miR-365. Elevated PVT1 expression was observed in glioma tissues and cells. Knockdown of PVT1 and overexpression of miR-365 inhibited proliferation, migration, invasion and promoted stemness and Temozolomide (TMZ) resistance of glioma cells. PVT1 regulated ELF4 expression by competitively binds to miR-365. PVT1 regulated the stemness and sensitivity of TMZ of glioma cells through miR-365/ELF4/ SOX2 axis. This study identified that PVT1 promoted glioma stemness through miR-365/ELF4/SOX2 axis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1209-1216, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of Dynesys dynamic fixation and fusion fixation on the sagittal parameters of lumbar degenerative diseases of 2-4 segments.Methods:A total of 45 patients with 2-4 segments lumbar degenerative diseases, who underwent decompression and internal fixation in our hospital from March 2014 to July 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 23 males and 22 females with an average age of 55±18 years (range 15-86 years). Dynesys dynamic fixation was performed in 22 cases and fusion fixation in 23 cases. Lumbar anteroposterior, flexion and extension lateral and standing full-length spine radiographs were taken before surgery, 2 weeks postoperatively, 3 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up. Sagittal alignment parameters were measured on those radiographs and compared between two groups. Lumbar parameters included lumbar lordosis (LL), lordosis of the fixed segments (LFx), lordosis of the adjacent level to fixed segment (LAdj) and lumbar range of motion (ROM). Pelvic parameters included pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT) and sacral slope (SS).Results:All cases were followed up for 12-50 months with an average of 18.5 months. There was no significant intra- and inter-group difference of LL value between Dynesys dynamic fixation and fusion fixation group before and after surgery ( P>0.05). The overall difference of LFx between groups was not statistically significant ( F=0.700, P=0.406). There was statistically significant variance between time points ( F=7.960, P<0.001) and an interaction effect between group and time ( F=3.940, P=0.006). The LFx of the fusion fixation group was more than that of the dynamic fixation group at 3 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). The difference of LAdj value between the two groups was not statistically significant ( F=0.520, P=0.476), while the difference between time points was significant ( F=4.810, P=0.002) with interaction effect between group and time ( F=3.560, P=0.010). Postoperative ROM values of the two groups showed statistically significant differences in group effect, time effect and interaction effect, respectively ( F=4.770, P=0.034; F=18.510, P<0.001; F=5.940, P=0.002). Dynamic fixation group's ROM was more than that of the fusion fixation group at 3 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference of PI between groups and between different time points ( F=0.580, P=0.451; F=0.750; P=0.477). There was no interaction effect in PI between group and time ( F=0.120, P=0.886). There was no significant difference of PT and SS between two groups ( F=0.320, P=0.576; F=0.020, P=0.901). Both time effect and interaction effect were statistically significant ( P<0.05). One complication of unilateral S 1 screw loosening happened in one patient with dynamic fixed at 2 years after surgery. There was no complication in the fusion fixation group during the follow-up. Conclusion:Both Dynesys dynamic fixation and fusion fixation can effectively reconstruct the lumbar lordosis. The fixed segments' lordosis of Dynesys was less than that of fusion fixation from 3 months after operation. Theoretically, the similar increasing trends of LAdj after fixation implied that the degeneration of adjacent segments may occur in both fixation systems. The dynamic fixation can retain more ROM than the fusion fixation. Both two fixation systems have similar influence on the pelvic parameters.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 152-153, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884978

ABSTRACT

Angiomyfibroblastoma (AMF)is a kind of rare benign tumour. The clinical and imaging findings of AMF are nonspecific. In October 2019, 1 case of Angiomyfibroblastoma of perineum was admitted to Heze Municipal Hospital for surgical treatment. Final pathological diagnosis was AMF. So far, neither recurrence nor metastasis has been detected for 5 months.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To synthesize Gd labeled probe targeting transporter protein(TSPO) 2-(8-amino-2-(4-chlorophenyl)imidazo[1, 2-a]pyridine-3-yl)- N, N-dipropylacetamide (CB86)-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA), and investigate its MRI effect in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) model. Methods:CB86-DTPA was prepared by coupling a bifunctional chelating agent, and then chelated with Gd to obtain MRI targeted contrast agent CB86-DTPA-Gd. The cytotoxicity, MR relaxation rate and in vitro stability of CB86-DTPA-Gd were determined. RA model was established with Freund′s adjuvant and the biodistribution study and MRI was performed. The RA lesion and its surrounding normal tissue were used as regions of interest (ROI) to calculate the signal to noise ratio (SNR). Independent-sample t test was used to analyze the data. Results:CB86-DTPA-Gd had excellent biosafety and a good MR relaxation rate ( r1=11.05 mmol·L -1·s -1). The survival rate of RAW264.7 cells and 4T1 cells was still more than 90% at the maximum concentration (20 μmol/L) of Gd 3+. CB86-DTPA-Gd also exhibited good stability in human serum and phosphate buffer saline solution (PBS; pH=7.4). The in vivo biodistribution showed that CB86-DTPA-Gd had better inflammatory targeting efficiency, and the uptake of Gd in the inflamed site of the ankle joint was still (2.33±0.29) percent dose rate per gram of tissue (%ID/g) at 120 min after injection. MicroMRI showed that the inflammation of the right ankle joint displayed significant enhancement after the injection of CB86-DTPA-Gd and Gd-DTPA. The SNR of CB86-DTPA-Gd group was up to 23.21±1.44, and the maximum intensification time was 90 min after injection, and can be significantly inhibited by CB86-DTPA at all time points ( t values: 6.083-12.451, all P<0.05), while the Gd-DTPA group had a strengthening time of 30 min after injection with the SNR of 16.12±1.24. Conclusion:CB86-DTPA-Gd shows good macrophage targeting and good uptake in arthritic reaction sites, and is expected to be a novel MRI molecular probe for peripheral inflammation imaging.

16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 338-343, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883884

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore a medical big data algorithm to screen the core indicators in clinical database that can be used to evaluate the prognosis of elderly patients with pneumonia.Methods:Based on the clinical database of a Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Consortium Chaoyang Emergency Ward in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, patients with pulmonary infection were selected through the big data retrieval technology. According to the prognosis at the time of discharge, they were divided into death group and survival group. The general data of patients were collected, including gender, age, blood gas and laboratory indices. A computer language called Python was used to make batch calculations of key indicators that affect mortality in elderly patients with pneumonia. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between laboratory indicators and patients' prognosis. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to analyze the predictive value of screening method for patients' prognosis.Results:A total of 265 patients were included in the study, 64 died and 201 survived. The data of the first detection indexes of each patient after admission were collected, and 23 key indicators with significant differences were selected from 472 indicators: blood routine indicators ( n = 7), blood gas indicators ( n = 3), tumor markers indicators ( n = 3),coagulation related indicators ( n = 4), and nutrition and organ function indicators ( n = 6). ① The key indicators of blood gas in patients died of pneumonia: Cl - was 97-111 mmol/L in 51.6% (33 cases) of patients, lactic acid (Lac) was 0.5-2.5 mmol/L in 81.2% (52 cases) of patients, and H + was 0-46 mmol/L in 87.5% (56 cases) of patients. ② The key indicators of blood routine of patients died of pneumonia: hemoglobin count (Hb) of 46.9% (30 cases) patients was 80-109 g/L, the eosinophils proportions (EOS%) in 67.2% (43 cases) patients was 0.000-0.009, the lymphocytes proportions (LYM%) in 51.6% (33 cases) patients was 0.00-0.09, the red blood cell count (RBC) in 50.0% (32 cases) patients was (3.0-3.9)×10 12/L, the white blood cell count (WBC) in 54.7% (35 cases) patients was (0.0-9.9)×10 9/L, and the red blood cell volume distribution width coefficientof variability (RDW-CV) in 48.4% (31 cases) patients was 10.0%-14.9%, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) was 0.0-49.9 mg/L in 48.4% (31 cases) patients. ③ The key indicators of tumor markers in patients died of pneumonia: 76.6% (49 cases) of patients had negative free prostate specific antigen/total prostate specific antigen (FPSA/TPSA, the ratio was 0), 92.2% (59 cases) had cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA21-1) between 0.0-11.0 μg/L, and 75.0% (48 cases) had carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) between 0-104 kU/L.④ The key coagulation indexes of patients died of pneumonia: 68.8% (44 cases) of patients had activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) of 57-96 s, 73.4% (47 cases) of patients had D-dimer of 0-6 mg/L, 93.8% (60 cases) of patients had thrombin time (TT) of 14-22 s, and 89.1% (57 cases) of patients had adenosine diphosphate (ADP) inhibition rate of 0%-53%. ⑤ Nutrition and organ function key indicatorsin patients died of pneumonia: 92.2% (59 cases) of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in patients with 0, 46.9% (30 cases) of patients had prealbumin (PA) of 71-140 mg/L, 90.6% (58 cases) of the patients with uric acid (UA) for 21-41 μmol/L, 75.0% (48 cases) of the patients with albumin (Alb) to 10-20 g/L, 93.5% (60 cases) of patients had albumin/globulin ratio (A/G ratio) of 0-0.9, 84.4% (54 cases) of the patients with lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from 0-6.68 μmol/L·s -1·L -1. ⑥ Logistic regression analysis and ROC curve analysis: Logistic regression analysis showed that PA and Lac were the prognostic factors. PA could reduce the risk of death by 0.9%, Lac could increase the risk of death by 69.4%; the area under ROC curve (AUC) between laboratory indicators and the prediction effect of death prediction model for patients' prognosis was 0.80, which showed that the classification effect was better, and this study model could better predict the prognosis of elderly patients with pneumonia. Conclusion:By using big data technology, 23 core indicators for evaluating the prognosis of elderly patients with pneumonia can be screened from the clinical database of emergency ward, which provides a new perspective and method for clinical evaluation of the prognosis of elderly patients with pneumonia.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922721

ABSTRACT

The Delta variant of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a new global wave of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. COVID-19 vaccines currently available in China show high effectiveness against severe illness and death. However, transmission of the virus is not fully stopped by vaccination alone, therefore, integrated vaccination and non-pharmacological interventions is necessary to prevent and control the epidemic in the near future. Further expanded vaccine coverage of primary doses as well as booster shots in China's domestic population are needed to reduce severe illness and death. In order to provide evidence necessary for adjusting and optimizing immunization strategies and pandemic control measures, it is essential to conduct research on vaccine effectiveness against emerging variants, persistence of vaccine-induced protection, surveillance of adverse event following immunization with large-scale vaccine use, and modelling studies on strategic combinations of vaccination and non-pharmacological interventions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , China , Humans , Immunization, Secondary , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination , Vaccine Efficacy
18.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1381-1385, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857616

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of PDCA mode for risk assessment and risk management of pharmacy intravenous admixture service. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made on the errors recorded in the intravenous drug dispensing center from Monday 2019 to March 2019. The types and links of errors were counted and classified, and the causes were analyzed. Targeted preventive measures were implemented from April to June 2019 to observe the incidence of errors before and after prevention in intravenous drug dispensing centers. RESULTS: Through the PDCA cycle management intervention, the main errors in intravenous drug dispensing center are dispensing, labeling, reviewing, checking and issuing. The incidence of errors in each link after prevention is lower than that before prevention, and the difference is statistically significant (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The PDCA cycle management and risk assessment are conducted. The paper analyzes the types and causes of common errors in intravenous drug dispensing center, so as to formulate corresponding preventive measures, which can reduce the risk factors of errors, reduce the incidence of errors, improve the quality of finished product infusion and the safety of intravenous drug use.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846332

ABSTRACT

Objective: The effect of triptolide (TP) on endogenous metabolites in mice with ulcerative colitis (UC) was analyzed by means of metabolomics, and the metabolic pathway and possible mechanism of TP in UC were discussed. Methods: C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into blank control group, model group, and triptolide group. Dextran sulfate (DSS) was used to induce UC mice model. The serum samples of mice were detected by high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and characterized by principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) to identify the potential biomarkers and possible metabolic pathways. Results: Compared with the blank control group, a total of 15 potential biomarkers, such as cholic acid, bezoar cholic acid, goose-deoxycholic acid, citrulline, guanidine butyric acid, aminoacetic acid, and cis-aconitic acid, were found and identified in serum. Compared with the model group, the potential biomarkers showed a tendency of callback to normal level after TP intervention. Conclusion: Metabolomics analysis reveals that TP had certain therapeutic effects on UC mice, and its mechanism may be related to regulating primary bile acid biosynthesis, arginine, and proline metabolism.

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Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834296

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Adipose tissue is a source of mesenchymal stem cells, which have the potential to differentiate into various types of cells. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are now recognized as an accessible, abundant, and reliable stem cells suitable for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications. However, few literatures gave a comprehensive report on the capacities of ADSCs harvested from different sites. Especially, the capacities of ADSCs from aged mice remained unclear. In this study, we investigated several main capacities of brown adipose derived stem cells (B-ADSCs) and white adipose derived stem cells (W-ADSCs) from both young and aged mice. @*Methods@#and Results: When isolated from young mice, B-ADSCs showed a stronger proliferation rate and higher osteogenic, adipogenic and myocardial differentiation ability than W-ADSCs. Carboxy fluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE) labeling test suggested no significant difference in immunosuppression capacity between B-ADSCs and W-ADSCs. Similarly, no difference between these two were found in several immune related molecules, such as programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), intercellular cell adhesion molecule (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin 10 (IL10), and suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (socs1). When isolated from aged mice, B-ADSCs also showed a stronger proliferation rate and higher osteogenic, adipogenic and myocardial differentiation ability than W-ADSCs; however, it demonstrated an attenuated immunosuppression capacity compared to W-ADSCs. @*Conclusions@#In summary, our data showed that ADSCs’ characteristics were tissue source dependent and changed with age. It provided evidence for choosing the right tissue-specific ADSCs for clinical application and fundamental research.

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