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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 280-283, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920633

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and dual energy X ray absorptiometry (DXA) for measuring body mineral content (BMC) of children and adolescents, and to provide a basis for BIA to accurately measure BMC in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#By using the convenience sampling method, among 1 469 children and adolescents aged 7-17 were recruited in Guangzhou from April to May 2019, the BMC was measured by DXA and BIA. The intraclass correlation coefficient ( ICC ) and Bland Altman analysis were used to evaluate the agreement between BIA and DXA. Bland Altman analysis was performed on log transformed data. The BMC was categorized into age and specific tertiles, and the agreement between methods was evaluated based on the kappa coefficients. Treating the BMC with DXA as the dependent variable, a prediction model was constructed for correcting the BIA measure.@*Results@#The ICC s were 0.93 and 0.94 for boys and girls, respectively. In Bland Altman analysis, the limits of agreements for the BIA to DXA ratio were wide in boys and girls, ranging from 0.27-0.76 and 0.17-0.72, respectively. The kappa coefficients for categorized BMC levels were 0.57 and 0.45 for boys and girls, respectively, showing a fair to good degree of agreement. When sub grouped by BMI, the kappa coefficients for all BMI groups of boys and overweight girls were all >0.75 , with an excellent agreement. The prediction models for boys and girls were as follows: BMC DXA =-0.51+0.44× BMC BIA + 0.06× Age +0.02× BMI ; and BMC DXA =-0.55+0.43× BMC BIA +0.06× Age +0.02× BMI , respectively. The R 2 for models of boys and girls were 0.87 and 0.87, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The agreement between BIA and DXA was poor for measuring BMC, but acceptable when evaluating the categorized BMC levels, suggesting the BIA may be applied in assessment of the BMC levels when compared to the age and gender specific population. Additionally, the prediction model for correcting BMC by BIA fis well to the measurement by DXA.

2.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 968-972, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818357

ABSTRACT

Objective The main cause of systemic inflammatory response syndrome(SIRS) after percutaneous nephrolithotomy(PCNL) was still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors associated with SIRS after PCNL and establish the nomogram model. Methods A retrospective analysis of 213 cases of PCNL patients due to upper urinary calculi admitted to urology department in affiliated hospital of guilin medical college from December 2017 to December 2018 was performed. According to the occurrence of SIRS, patients were divided into SIRS group (SIRS patients) and control group (patients without SIRS). Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of SIRS after PCNL, and a nomogram model was established based on logistic regression model. Results There were 54 cases in the SIRS group and 159 in the control group. Gender(OR=2.547, 95%cl:1.229-5.275), diabetes (OR=5.027, 95%cl: 1.442-17.525), calculi surface area (OR=2.657, 95%cl: 1.206-5.853), NLR immediately after surgery (OR=3.793, 95%cl: 1.749-8.02), operation time (OR=2.985, 95%cl: 1.305-6.826), and blood transfusion (OR=12.50, 95%cl: 12.50). 1.954-80.056) were the risk factors of SIRS after PCNL (P<0.05). Based on the results of the logistic multi-factor regression model mentioned above, visualized display of the model was achieved by using column and diagram. As the NLR ratio, operation time and stone surface area increased immediately after the operation, the score gradually increased, and the risk of SIRS gradually increased. The nomogram model established according to logistic regression model has good differentiation and model consistency (c-index =0.791). Conclusion According to the risk factors, such as gender, diabetes history, stone surface area, immediate postoperative NLR, the constructed nomogram model has good predictive efficacy, which is of guiding significance for clinical practice.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664896

ABSTRACT

By using Zinc nitrate as precursor and hydraZine hydrate as reducing agent, polydiallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride modified reduced graphene oxide/Zinc oxide composite materials ( PDDA-rGO/ZnO) were prepared by simultaneous reduction of graphene oxide ( GO) and Zinc nitrate.The composite materials were characteriZed by Fourier transform infrared ( FTIR ) spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometer ( XRD ) and transmission electron microscopy ( TEM) , and their electrochemical catalytic activity for uric acid was studied by cyclic voltammetry ( CV ) and linear sweep voltammetry ( LSV ) measurements.The result showed that PDDA-rGO/ZnO modified glassy carbon electrode prepared here was sensitive, reproducible and stable, and had significant electrocatalytic activity for UA.When using linear sweep voltammetry for detection of UA, the responses of modified electrode were linear with UA concentration in the ranges of 0.02-0.1 mmol/L and 0.1-1.0 mmol/L respectively, with detection limit of 15.9 nmol/L (S/N=3).

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332451

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Through observing the morphology and topography of the prepared influenza viruses (H1N1) treated with the different Nonidet P-40 solutions using atomic force microscopy (AFM), to explore the application of AFM on the research of the internal character of viral morphology and structural virology.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The virus samples were treated with serial diluted Nonidet P-40 solutions from 0.05% to 0.20% and then investigated by AFM with the tapping mode in air at room temperature to obtain the morphology and topography changes including height data,amplitude data and phase data for both spherical and filamentous influenza virus A.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The serial AFM images show that the erosion degree of the virions is proportional with the improvement of NP-40 concentration,and partly denuded virion image appeared at 0.05% NP-40 treatment, which was revealed clearly on both amplitude images and phase images.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This work demonstrated for the first time that the internal topography of influenza virion could be revealed by AFM via suitable nonionic surfactants chemical dissection.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Influenza A virus , Chemistry , Microscopy, Atomic Force , Nanostructures , Orthomyxoviridae , Chemistry , Polyethylene Glycols , Pharmacology , Spermatocidal Agents , Pharmacology
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