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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1784-1808, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927818

ABSTRACT

With the continuously increasing demands of plastic products in the current society, the challenge of disposing plastic waste is constantly increasing, leading to the urgent need of mitigating plastic pollution. As a consequence, much attention has been paid to biodegradable plastics due to their degradability in a bio-active environment under certain conditions. Biodegradable plastics herald vast development potentials and considerable market prospects. The degradation of numerous types of biodegradable plastics will be affected by many factors. A thorough understanding of degradation mechanisms as well as functional microbial strains and enzymes is the key to comprehensive utilization and efficient treatment and disposal of biodegradable plastics. The article summarized the types, properties, advantages and disadvantages, and main applications of common biodegradable plastics. The degradation mechanisms, functional microbial strains and enzymes, as well as the degradation degree and duration under different environmental conditions, were also summarized. This review may help better understand the degradation of biodegradable plastics wastes.


Subject(s)
Biodegradable Plastics , Biodegradation, Environmental
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the stability of anterior chamber following implantable collamer lens (ICL) V4c implantation for one year in moderate and high myopic eyes.Methods:An observational case series study was conducted.Medical data of 19 patients (37 eyes) who received ICL V4c implantation in Xuzhou First People's Hospital from March 2016 to October 2017 were collected.The patients were 20 to 29 years old, with the preoperative spherical equivalent (SE) of -5.875 to -15.750 D, with an average of (-9.743±3.220)D.All eyes were followed up for one year, and the changes of visual acuity, SE and intraocular pressure were observed.Pentacam anterior eye segment analyzer was used to measure the anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber volume (ACV) and anterior chamber angle (ACA) before operation and at 1 month, 6 months and 1 year after operation, and to evaluate the vaults of the ICL V4c at different time points after implantation.This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Xuzhou First People's Hospital (No.xxy11[2015]-XJS-004). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject.Results:There were statistically significant differences in visual acuity between before and after operation ( F=5.057, P=0.007), and the one-year postoperative uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) was significantly better than the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) before operation ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in SE and intraocular pressure among different time points ( F=1.294, 1.302; both at P>0.05). There were significant differences in ACD, ACV and ACA among different time points ( F=44.811, 889.971, 196.096; all at P<0.001). ACD, ACV and ACA at 1 month, 6 months and 1 year after operation were significantly lower than those before operation (all at P<0.001). There was a significant difference in the 1-month, 6-month and 1-year postoperative ICL vault ( F=7.256, P=0.001). The ICL vault at 1 year after operation was (433.784±168.550)μm, which was significantly decreased in comparison with (484.860±183.634)μm at 1 month and (464.351±170.167)μm at 6 months after operation ( P=0.006, 0.041). Conclusions:The anterior chamber is stable in one year after ICL V4c implantation, and the UCVA is better than preoperative BCVA.ICL V4c is safe and effective for moderate and high myopia.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the complications of core drilling intramedullary nail in the treatment of femoral shaft closed fracture and explore the treatment strategy.@*METHODS@#From August 2014 to June 2018, a total of 215 patients with closed femoral shaft fractures were treated with closed reduction core drill intramedullary nail, including 129 males and 86 females, aged from 18 to 62 years, with an average of (44.2±10.6) years old. The time from injury to operation was 3 to 21 days. There were 102 cases of AO type A fracture, 82 cases of AO type B fracture and 31 cases of AO type C fracture. The time of operation, the amount of blood loss during operation, the duration of hospitalization, the time of fracture healing and the HSS score of knee joint function at the last follow-up were recorded. The observation of complications included:iatrogenic fracture, core drill broken, core drill twist, postoperative infection, and fracture nonunion.@*RESULTS@#The average operation time was (63.2± 15.6) min and intraoperative blood loss was (150.0±34.5) ml. All the incisions reached grade A healing. Patients were follow up for a mean of (18.5±3.2) months, the average hospital stay was (4.3±1.2) days, and the average fracture healing time was (5.6±2.3) months. At the final follow-up, the average HSS score of knee joint was 90.3±4.7. Related complications occurred in 37 cases (17.2%). The core drill related complications occurred in 13 cases (6.0%), including core drill broken in 5 cases (2.3%), core removal in 1 case and slotting in 4 cases;core drill twist in 8 cases (3.7%). After the core was cut, the core was removed. Similar complicationsof conventional intramedullary nail:iatrogenic fracture was performed in 12 cases (5.6%), including 10 cases of fracture end split and 2 cases of distal perimedullary fracture of intramedullary nail. The patients with cleavage at the fracture end were not treated after judging their stability, and the patients with fracture around the distal end of the intramedullary nail were fixed with auxiliary steel plate during operation;1 case(0.4%) with delayed infection after operation, debridement and external fixation was replaced and healed after bone transfer; fracture nonunion occurred in 11 cases (5.1%), of which 7 cases (3.3%) were hypertrophic nonunion and healed with additional plate. Atrophic nonunion occurred in 4 cases (1.9%), which healed after additional steel plate and bone graft.@*CONCLUSION@#Core drilling intramedullary nail is an effective method for the treatment of closed femoral shaft fracture, and the complications include core drill related complications and conventional intramedullary nail similar complications. Accurate preoperative evaluation, careful operation during operation and early postoperative symptomatic treatment can effectively reduce the occurrence of related complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Nails , Female , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Closed , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
4.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E940-E944, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920707

ABSTRACT

肌肉硬度; 竖脊肌; 信度; 康复训练

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 910-914, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911148

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore optimum surgical treatment of ureteral strictures after ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy.Methods:The clinical data of 113 patients with ureteral stricture after ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy from December 2014 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Of all the patients, there were 73 males and 40 females(aged from 31 to 68) with the mean age of 49 years. The mean length of ureteral stricture was 15mm (from 5mm to 25mm). The mean time since the last holmium laser lithotripsy was 6 months (from 3months to 10 months). According to the different treatment of stenosis, 113 patients were divided into endourological treatment group (34 patients) and reconstruction group(79 patients). According to the different surgical methods, endourological treatment group was divided into ureteral balloon dilatation (18 patients) and ureterotomy (16 patients). Reconstruction group was divided into laparoscopic surgery and open surgery, whose were ureteral stenosis resection and anastomosis. Patients were followed up closely postoperatively. Therapeutic success was defined as disappeared hydronephrosis, and unobstructed anastomosis. Success rate, operation time, postoperative changes of hemoglobin, hospital stay and the incidence of postoperative complications were measured.Results:The follow-up time ranged from 5 months to 53 months, with a median time of 18 months. There was no significant difference in age, sex, BMI, location of ureteral stricture, side of stricture and degree of hydronephrosis between endourological treatment group and reconstruction group( P>0.05). The length of ureteral stricture in reconstruction group was significantly longer than that in endourological treatment group (10.3±4.2 mm vs. 17.2±7.8mm, P<0.001). Although the operation time, postoperative changes of hemoglobin, hospital stay and the incidence of postoperative complications were lower in the endourological treatment group compared to reconstruction group ( P<0.001), the overall success rate of the reconstruction operation was significantly higher than that in endourological treatment group (96.2% vs. 61.8%, P<0.001). Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the success rate between laparoscopic surgery group and open surgery group (95.3% vs.97.2%, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the balloon dilatation group and the stenosis internal ureterotomy group (66.7% vs.56.3%, P<0.05).113 cases were followed up for an average of 18 (5-53) months. Conclusions:For the treatment of ureteral stricture after ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy, the success rate of reconstruction group (laparoscopic surgery and open surgery)was significantly higher than that of endourological surgery (balloon dilatation and internal ureterotomy). Reconstruction surgery is the optimum surgical treatment to treat ureteral stricture after ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 241-248, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886042

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) on the proliferation and invasion of osteosarcoma 143B cells and its possible regulatory mechanism.Methods:Different concentrations of ATRA were used to treat human osteosarcoma 143B cells, and the optimal concentration and treatment time those affected cell proliferation were selected. The MTS method, Transwell migration and invasion experiments were used to detect the changes in the proliferation, migration and invasion of 143B cells after ATRA treatment. The real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were used to detect the expression changes of miRNA-34a (miR-34a), E2F1 and Eag1 in osteosarcoma 143B cells after ATRA treatment. Then miR-34a was interfered and E2F1 was overexpressed, and the abilities of cell proliferation, invasion and migration abilities as well as the expression changes of miR-34a, E2F1 and Eag1 in 143B cells were detected.Results:The proliferation inhibition of 143B cells was most obvious when 143B cells were treated with 10 μmol/L ATRA for 72 h. The cell migration and invasion numbers when 143B cells were treated with 10 μmol/L ATRA for 72 h were lower than those in the negative control group [(73±3) cells vs. (182±5) cells, t = 21.46, P<0.01; (94±3) cells vs. (203±7) cells, t = 13.70, P<0.01]. 10 μmol/L ATRA could promote the expression of miR-34a in 143B cells and inhibit the expressions of Eag1 and E2F1 (all P<0.01). Compared with ATRA group, the ability of cell proliferation in ATRA+miR-34a interference group was restored after 72 h of treatment [cell survival rate (41.0±2.2)% vs. (25.0±3.6)%, t = 108.68, P<0.01]. Compared with ATRA group, the abilities of cell migration and invasion in ATRA+miR-34a interference group were restored [(122±14) cells vs. (64±10) cells, t = 21.06, P<0.01; (103±10) cells vs. (59±8) cells, t = 24.27, P<0.01), and the mRNA and protein expressions of Eag1 and E2F1 in cells were promoted (both P<0.01). Compared with ATRA group, the ability of cell proliferation in ATRA+E2F1 overexpression group was restored [cell survival rate (40.0±3.4)% vs. (24.0±3.1)%, t = 108.74, P<0.01]; the abilities of cell migration and invasion in ATRA+E2F1 overexpression group were restored [(78±12) cells vs. (29±8) cells, t = 13.52, P<0.01; (75±12) cells vs. (49±10) cells, t = 6.28, P<0.01], and the mRNA and protein expressions of Eag1 and E2F1 in cells were promoted (both P<0.01). Conclusion:ATRA inhibits the proliferation and invasion of osteosarcoma cells via regulating miR-34a-E2F1-Eag1 signaling pathway, and it may become one of the effective treatment drugs for osteosarcoma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828301

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study and analyze the clinical effect of the self-developed new adjustable weight-bearing rehabilitation brace in the rehabilitation of the femoral intertrochanteric fracture after the operation of PFNA.@*METHODS@#From July 2015 to June 2017, 62 patients with typeⅡ (Evans-Jensen classification) intertrochanteric fracture of femur were treated with PFNA internal fixation. There were 11 males and 19 females in the routine rehabilitation group, with an average age of (70.73± 6.09) years;17 males and 15 females in the brace rehabilitation group, with an average age of (71.25±6.60) years. Among them, the patients in the routine rehabilitation group recovered according to the routine method, and the patients in the support rehabilitation group used the self-developed new adjustable weight-bearing rehabilitation support of lower limbs to assist the early rehabilitation. The pain intensity(VAS score), weight-bearing of affected limb, clinical healing time of fracture, Harris score and complications were recorded and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Nine patients lost their visit half a year later, the other 53 patients were followed up for 9 to 18 months. The VAS score at 1, 3, 6 months after operation of brace rehabilitation group was lower than that of routine rehabilitation group(<0.05). The weight bearing of the limbs in the rehabilitation group was significantly higher than that in the conventional rehabilitation group(<0.05), but the clinical healing time of fracture in the brace rehabilitation group was shorter than that in the routine rehabilitation group(<0.05). In addition, the Harris score of the postoperativebrace rehabilitation group was better than that of the conventional rehabilitation group(<0.05). The incidence of complications was lower than that of the conventional rehabilitation group(=0.048).@*CONCLUSION@#In the rehabilitation of Evans Jensen typeⅡintertrochanteric fracture after PFNA internal fixation, the new self-developed adjustable weight-bearing rehabilitation brace can significantly relieve postoperative pain, regulate and moderately increase the stress stimulation at the fracture end, so as to promote fracture healing, accelerate the recovery of hip joint function, reduce the incidence of complications, and its clinical effect is safe and reliable.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Nails , Braces , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Weight-Bearing
8.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E540-E545, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862344

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of medial collateral ligament (MCL) repair and coronoid process fracture fixation on stability of the Terrible Triad of the elbow. Methods CT and MRI scan images of elbow joints from one healthy 28-year-old male volunteer were used to establish three elbow models. Model A: normal model. Model B: repair of coronoid process fractures, without MCL repair. Model C: repair of MCL, without repair of ulnar coronoid processes. Longitudinal loads were applied on the three models to analyze the displacement and stress distributions of the elbow joint under different working conditions and compare the stability of the elbow joint. Results The displacement and stress distributions of the three models were similar. The maximum displacement and maximum stress of the articular surface were located at the ulna pulley notch, while the minimum displacement was located at the coronoid process and its medial side. The minimum stress was located at the lower lateral side of the coronoid process. There were no statistical differences in the maximum displacement and stress among the three models (P>0.05). Conclusions When the lateral column is stable, the effect of repairing the MCL and fixing the fracture block of ulnar coronoid process is similar.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753309

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance spectroscopy analysis in patients with prostate specific antigen (PSA) abnormal prostate disease. Methods The patients who had abnormal PSA from January 2017 to December 2018 in Weifang People′s Hospital were selected. Patients with prostate puncture indications were as research target. A total of 137 patients including 44 patients with prostate cancer and 93 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia were diagnosed by puncture. All patients underwent magnetic resonance scan and enhancement and spectroscopy before surgery. The comparative value of magnetic resonance scan + enhancement, magnetic resonance spectroscopy and joint examination was obtained. Results Sensitivity of magnetic resonance imaging and enhancement was 77.3% (34/44), specificity was 86.0% (80/93), and accuracy was 83.2% (114/137). Sensitivity of magnetic resonance spectroscopy was 52.3% (23/44), specificity was 77.4% (72/93), and accuracy was 69.3% (95/137). The sensitivity of the combined application was 90.9% (40/44), specificity was 91.4% (85/93), and accuracy was 91.2% (125/137). Conclusions The application of magnetic resonance spectroscopy can increase the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of magnetic resonance plain scan and intensive examination for diagnosis of prostate cancer.

10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 338-345, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805230

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To detect the effect and regulatory mechanism of human ether à go-go related gene 1 (Herg 1) knockdown on the proliferation and invasion of osteosarcoma (OS).@*Methods@#We constructed a recombinant adenovirus vector (Ad5-Herg1-shRNA) expressing short hair RNA (shRNA) against Herg1 and tested the knockdown efficiency. Then, the effects of Herg 1 knockdown on the proliferation, growth and invasion of osteosarcoma were measured by using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), wound healing assay, Transwell assay and xenograft model of nude mice, respectively. Tandem affinity purification, mass spectrometry and dual luciferase reporter assay were used to find out the molecules interacted with Herg1. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of large tumor suppressor gene (LATS1), p-LATS1, Yes-associated protein (YAP) and p-YAP in cells after infection of Ad5-Herg1-shRNA.@*Results@#Compared to Ad5-control-shRNA, Ad5-Herg1-shRNA dramatically inhibited the expression of Herg1 in OS cells. The result of CCK8 array demonstrated that 143B cell vitalities of Ad5-Herg1-shRNA1 and Ad5-Herg1-shRNA2 group were (65.47±3.90)% and (79.90±1.52)%, significantly lower than (100.00±6.14)% of Ad5-control-shRNA group. Meanwhile, U2OS cell vitality of Ad5-Herg1-shRNA1 and Ad5-Herg1-shRNA2 group were (69.69±1.36)% and (76.72±2.75)%, significantly lower than (100.00±3.01)% of Ad5-control-shRNA group (all P<0.001). The results of wound healing array showed that 143B cell migration rates of Ad5-Herg1-shRNA1 and Ad5-Herg1-shRNA2 group were (33.03±2.88)% and (36.47±4.16)%, significantly lower than (97.78±2.28)% of Ad5-control-shRNA group. Meanwhile, U2OS cell migration rates of Ad5-Herg1-shRNA1 and Ad5-Herg1-shRNA2 group were (68.07±0.90)% and (73.97±1.25)%, significantly lower than (96.50±1.12)% of Ad5-control-shRNA group (all P<0.001). The results of Transwell showed that 143B cell invasion numbers of Ad5-Herg1-shRNA1 and Ad5-Herg1-shRNA2 group were 36.50±12.15 and 44.83±7.62, significantly lower than 195.33±19.68 of Ad5-control-shRNA group. Meanwhile, U2OS cell migration rates of Ad5-Herg1-shRNA1 and Ad5-Herg1-shRNA2 group were 21.83±7.99 and 22.85±7.08, significantly lower than 83.33±12.36 of Ad5-control-shRNA group (all P<0.001). The results of xenograft model of OS showed that the tumor volume and weight of Ad5-Herg1-shRNA group were significantly smaller than of Ad5-control-shRNA group after 14 days and 5 weeks of inoculation, respectively (P<0.001). Moreover, knockdown of Herg1 inhibited the metastasis of OS cells. In mechanism, Herg1 protein interacted with NF2 protein. Knockdown of Herg1 significantly suppressed the expression levels of LATS1 and YAP protein, and promoted the phosphorylation of LATS1 and YAP in OS cells (all P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#Our findings suggest that Herg1 participates in the proliferation and motility of OS cells and may serve as a potential therapeutic target for osteosarcoma patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 645-649, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797754

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the value of diagnostic digital flexible ureteroscopy in patient with hematuria from unilateral upper urinary tract.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was made in consecutive 140 cases, including 94 males and 46 females, who are considered for hematuria from unilateral upper urinary tract in Renmin hospital of Wuhan University from January 2014 to February 2019.Their age ranged from 22 to 89 years, with mean of 62.3 years. The mean BMI was 24.6 kg/m2(ranging 22.1-28.2 kg/m2). All patients complained about the continuously or intermittently gross hematuria. 29 cases (20.7%) complained about the flank pain, as well. All cases were examined by urinary sonography, CTU and voided urine cytology preoperatively. Occupying lesion was found in 47 case by sonography including suspected diagnosis. Upper tract urothelial carcinoma(UTUC) was diagnosed in 63 cases by CTU including suspected diagnosis.Voided cytology was positive in 17 cases. Concomitant bladder or urethral lesions were excluded by cystoscopy. Hematuria was confirmed from left side in 82 cases(58.6%) and from right side in 58 cases(41.4%). Diagnostic digital flexible ureteroscopy were performed under general anethesia strictly according to 'No touch technique’. Biopsy for suspicious lesions as well as selective in situ cytology were acquired during ureteroscopy.@*Results@#All patients accepted the examination successfully. The duration of follow-up ranged from 3 to 37 months, with mean of 13 month. Benign lesions were found in 71 cases(50.7%) while malignant lesions were identified in 69 cases(49.3%). Benign lesions included 39(54.9%)minute venous rupture, 12 (16.9%)hemangioma, 3 (4.2%)varix and 11 (15.5%)no obvious lesion. The overall success rate of ureteroscopic treatment was 66(93.0%) whereas recurrence rate after treatment was 8(11.3%). Malignant lesions including 67(97.1%) cases with UTUC and 2 cases with squamous carcinoma. The radical nephroureterectomy(RNU)and bladder sleeve resection was performed in all cases. To 67 cases with UTUC, the overall identification rate of urinary sonography, CTU, voided urine cytology, selective in situ cytology and diagnostic digital flexible ureteroscopy was 41(61.2%), 61(91.0%), 13(19.4%), 38(56.7%) and 63(94.0%) respectively. Identification rate of selective in situ cytology was superior to voided cytology(P<0.01) while diagnostic digital flexible ureteroscopy was no significant difference compared with CTU. The concordance of pathological grade between biopsy and final resection specimen was 73.1%.The concordance of low grade was 93.3% whereas high grade was 56.8%. Up-grading was found in 16(23.9%) cases while down-grading was found in 2(3.0%) cases. Intravesical recurrence was affirmed in 11(16.4%) cases during follow-up.@*Conclusions@#Diagnostic digital flexible ureteroscopy may not only present qualitative as well as localized evidence for etiological diagnosis of hematuria from unilateral upper urinary tract, but also provides strategy choice for treatment.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 645-649, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791665

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of diagnostic digital flexible ureteroscopy in patient with hematuria from unilateral upper urinary tract.Methods A retrospective analysis was made in consecutive 140 cases,including 94 males and 46 females,who are considered for hematuria from unilateral upper urinary tract in Renmin hospital of Wuhan University from January 2014 to February 2019.Their age ranged from 22 to 89 years,with mean of 62.3 years.The mean BMI was 24.6 kg/m2 (ranging 22.1-28.2 kg/m2).All patients complained about the continuously or intermittently gross hematuria.29 cases (20.7%) complained about the flank pain,as well.All cases were examined by urinary sonography,CTU and voided urine cytology preoperatively.Occupying lesion was found in 47 case by sonography including suspected diagnosis.Upper tract urothelial carcinoma(UTUC) was diagnosed in 63 cases by CTU including suspected diagnosis.Voided cytology was positive in 17 cases.Concomitant bladder or urethral lesions were excluded by cystoscopy.Hematuria was confirmed from left side in 82 cases(58.6%) and from right side in 58 cases(41.4%).Diagnostic digital flexible ureteroscopy were performed under general anethesia strictly according to ‘ No touch technique’.Biopsy for suspicious lesions as well as selective in situ cytology were acquired during ureteroscopy.Results All patients accepted the examination successfully.The duration of follow-up ranged from 3 to 37 months,with mean of 13 month.Benign lesions were found in 71 cases (50.7%) while malignant lesions were identified in 69 cases (49.3%).Benign lesions included 39 (54.9%)minute venous rupture,12 (16.9%)hemangioma,3 (4.2%)varix and 11 (15.5%)no obvious lesion.The overall success rate of ureteroscopic treatment was 66 (93.0%) whereas recurrence rate after treatment was 8 (1 1.3%).Malignant lesions including 67 (97.1%) cases with UTUC and 2 cases with squamous carcinoma.The radical nephroureterectomy(RNU) and bladder sleeve resection was performed in all cases.To 67 cases with UTUC,the overall identification rate of urinary sonography,CTU,voided urine cytology,selective in situ cytology and diagnostic digital flexible ureteroscopy was 41 (61.2%),61 (91.0%),13 (19.4%),38 (56.7 %) and 63 (94.0%) respectively.Identification rate of selective in situ cytology was superior to voided cytology (P < 0.01) while diagnostic digital flexible ureteroscopy was no significant difference compared with CTU.The concordance of pathological grade between biopsy and final resection specimen was 73.1%.The concordance of low grade was 93.3% whereas high grade was 56.8%.Up-grading was found in 16(23.9%) cases while down-grading was found in 2(3.0%) cases.Intravesical recurrence was affirmed in 11 (16.4%) cases during follow-up.Conclusions Diagnostic digital flexible ureteroscopy may not only present qualitative as well as localized evidence for etiological diagnosis of hematuria from unilateral upper urinary tract,but also provides strategy choice for treatment.

13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 729-732, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807468

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic surgery has become the most common urological procedure for calculus in upper urinary tract. However, the widespread usage of minimally invasive endoscopic techniques failed to end the occurrence of perioperative complications, especially some fatal complications. The most severe complication of urolithiasis related endoscopic procedure is urosepsis, which is closely related to the backflow of irrigation fluid induced by the high pressure of renal pelvic during the procedure. By controlling the perfusion and drainage during the operation, the liquid backflow can be reduced effectively, thus may reduce the spread of infectious toxins and pathogens, and incidence of infectious complications can be controlled accordingly. In this article, the pathophysiology of urinary obstruction, the backflow which caused by elevated renal pelvic pressure and its subsequent pathophysiological changes, the control of intra-renal gressure and the prevention of urosepsis will be reviewed. The important range of intra-renal pressure and the major steps for pressure control during the operation is emphasized.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 647-650, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709574

ABSTRACT

Objective A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the clinical epidemiology of ufinary calculus in Hubei province to provide the population characteristics,stone distribution characteristics,treatment methods,surgical costs and other clinical epidemiological data of patients with trinary calculus,and to provide clinical evidence for the development of prevention and treatment measures for urinary calculi.Methods According to the geographical position,local tertiary hospitals were selected as survey objects and medical records such as age,sex,occupation,stone position,type of operation,and cost of surgical treatment of urinary stone disease were retrospectively investigated between January,2015 and December,2017.Result A total of 193 784 patients were enrolled in this study from 27 hospitals in Hubei province.In which,76 209 were admitted to the hospital for urinary calculus,accounting for 39.33%.Among them,49 460 patients were males (64.90%) and 26 749 were females(35.10%),which the ratio was 1.85∶ 1.All age groups can suffer from urinary calculus,with the peak age range from 41 to 70 years old with 58 985 cases,accounting for 77.40%.The main proportion of patients with urinary calculus were farmers with 21 818 cases (28.63%),comparing with workers (9.74%),busioess man (5.58%),government employees (5.14%),retirees (11.25%) and unemployed (12.58%).A total of 71 439 patients with upper urinary calculus and 4 770 patients with lower urinary calculus and the ratio of upper and lower urinary calculus was 14.98∶ 1.From 2015 to 2017,23 567 patients with urinary calculi underwent ureteroscopic]ithotripsy,and 14 681 patients underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy.The average operation cost of patients with urolithiasis was 18 395.52 RMB,18 566.31 RMB,19 080.91 RMB in 2015,2016,2017 respectively.Conclusion Hubei province is an area with high incidence of urinary calculus,accounting for 39.33%.The high incidence age is 41-70 years.The occupation composition is mainly farmers.In the past three years,the cost of surgery gradually increased.

15.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 867-870, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705614

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze the clinical application and adverse reactions of scopolamine butylbromide injection to promote the rational use in clinics. Methods:Totally 3695 effective cases treated with scopolamine butylbromide injection were collected from January 2016 to July 2017, and the age, sex, cause of drug use, medication days, combined use, high risk factors, and names, types and clinical manifestations of adverse reactions induced by scopolamine butylbromide were classified and statistically analyzed. Results:The overall incidence of adverse reactions of scopolamine butylbromide was 0.22%. The drug use rate was 44.36% in high-risk patients. The incidence of adverse drug reactions in high-risk patients was 1.83%,and that in low-risk patients was 0.24%, and the difference was 7.63 times. Combined drug use was common, and 1.98% of the combined use had potential drug interactions. Conclusion:The requirements of drug instructions should be strictly followed,and high-risk patients and drug combination should be paid much attention in order to reduce the risk of adverse drug reactions and ensure the drug safety.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698108

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the possible mechanism of hearing impairment after noise exposure .Methods Adult SD rats (n=14) were monaurally exposed to a loud noise (16 kHz ,one octave band pass (116 dB SPL)) for 1-hour ,or left as non-exposed controls (n=8) .The ABR was measured before and on the 7th day following unilateral noise exposure .All the Animals were euthanased at 7th day following acoustic trauma .We used Western blots to quantify protein levels of PV ,CR and CB in the inferior colliculus .Results The auditory thresholds in 8 , 12 ,16 ,20 ,24 ,and 32 kHz of all the ears exposed to noise showed a significant increase (P<0 .001) .Compared to the sham -exposed controls ,noise-exposed animals had significantly higher levels of PV and CR and lower levels of CB in both the ipsilateral and contralateral IC than controls (P<0 .05) .Respectively ,all the noise-exposed ani-mals had higher levels of PV and CR in the ipsilateral IC than ipsilateral side (P<0 .05) .Conclusion These studies display a significant threshold shift and changes on the expressions of PV ,CR and CB in IC following acoustic trau-ma ,which may be related to noise deafness ,tinnitus and other series of auditory dysfunction .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806448

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the effect of breakfast nutrition quality on the satiety among young white-collar workers.@*Methods@#A total of 278 subjects were recruited from two cities, Shenyang and Chongqing, in June 2015. The inclusion criteria: white-collar workers aged 25-45 years involved mainly in office work, who did not experience major changes, and individuals who should follow the study protocol and sign the informed consent form. The study employed a three-phase crossover design trial. Each participant received nutritional-adequate breakfast, nutritional-inadequate breakfast, and no breakfast treatment on the basis of assignment to one of three sequences. The breakfast time was once a week and then changed, all participants underwent the tests for three successive weeks. At last, we compared the effect of participants to consume different nutritional quality on satiety sense and hunger sense.@*Results@#A total of 232 participants completed three successive breakfast intervention studies, the age of participants was (35.2 ± 7.9) years, comprised of 48.7% male (n=113). The numbers of participants of aged 25-35 year-old and aged 36-45 were 118 and 114, respectively. Satiety scores of nutrition-adequate breakfast group, nutrition-inadequate breakfast group and no breakfast group were 63.5±14.7, 53.1±10.2 and 36.4±7.2, respectively (P<0.05). In nutrition-inadequate breakfast group and no breakfast group, male subjects scored significantly higher than female subjects (50.9±10.5 vs 46.6±9.4, 35.2±8.3 vs 31.8±5.4) (P<0.05). And, participants aged 25-35 year-old. got satiety score significantly higher than aged 36-45 (51.3±11.0 vs 45.6±12.1, 34.1±6.8 vs 32.5±7.9), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The scores of hunger in the group of nutrition-adequate breakfast, nutrition-inadequate breakfast and no breakfast were 26.3 ± 8.0, 35.1 ± 11.2 and 57.3 ± 17.0, respectively (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The nutrition quality of breakfast affects the satiety of young white-collar workers. The better the nutrition quality of breakfast is, the higher the satiety score and the lower the hunger score become. Compared with women and participants aged 36-45 year-old, men and those aged 25-35 year-old get satiety sense more easily.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613599

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate theefficacy of the pedicled nasoseptal flap for anterior skull base reconstruction after endoscopic resection of sinonasal malignancies involving the skull base.METHODS From September 2008 to May 2016, 31 patients with sinonasal malignancies involving the skull base were treated via transnasal endoscopic surgery and then two type mucoperiosteal flap of contralateral nasal septum were used to repair the anterior skull base defect according to the actual situation, one is a flap supplied by the posterior nasal septal artery and the other is supplied by the anterior and posterior ethmoidal arteries.RESULTS Successful anterior skull base reconstruction was obtained in all 31 cases. Complications included 3 cases of intracranial infection without hemorrhage or hematoma. In addition, cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred in one case because of tumor recurrence, and leakage was healed by vertebral draining for one week. Another one had occurred as a result of removing the support form nasal cavity.The follow-up lasted from 3 to 66 months, there were no necrosis of the flap or meningoencephalocele occurred and mucoperiosteal flap healed up well.CONCLUSION The vascularized nasoseptal flap is a reliable and preferred repairing material for anterior skull base reconstruction.

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China Pharmacy ; (12): 3545-3548, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611008

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To standardize the clinical use of adjuvant therapy drugs. METHODS:To establish the clinical use management mode of adjuvant therapy drugs in our hospital and summarize the usage amount and irrational drug use of adjuvant therapy drugs before and after implementing the management,and the management effect was assessed. RESULTS:The manage-ment mode of adjuvant treatment drugs in our hospital included ensuring the directory for adjuvant therapy drugs,establishing the management system and ensuring its basic principles,then conducting drug use review with the ranking of drug dosages and mak-ing full use of evidence-based medical evidence,as well as developing principle of classification disposal for the irrational drug use (off-indications,overdose,ultra treatment) of adjuvant therapy drugs. After more than one year of management practice,the use of adjuvant therapy drugs in our hospital is increasingly standardized. The sales amount of adjuvant therapy drugs to all drugs was reduced from 20.90% before management(Aug. 2014-Jul. 2015)to 15.99%(reduced by 5%)after management(Aug. 2015-Jul. 2016). Compared with Aug. 2015,the sales amount of 48 varieties in the 93 adjuvant therapy drugs was dropped more than 15%in Aug. 2016,and irrational drug use decreased obviously. CONCLUSIONS:The established management mode of adjuvant thera-py drugs in our hospital has effectively improved clinical rational drug use and reduced medical costs.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 662-666, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661666

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of ultrasound guided flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy.Methods From January 2015 to December 2016,a randomized clinical trial enlisted 130 patients,presenting symptomatic renal stones with 1.3-2.0 cm,in our center.Patients were randomly assigned to ultrasound or radical guided retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) with flexible ureteroscope.There were 37 male and 28 female patients in ultrasound group.Their mean age,BMI index and stone size were (47.7 ± 21.3) years,(22.1 ± 4.7) kg/m2 and (1.4 ± 0.2) cm,respectively.In radical group,there were 22 male and 43 female patients.Their mean age,BMI index and stone size were (51.3 ± 19.2) years,(21.6 ± 3.3) kg/m2 and (1.6 ± 0.1) cm,respectively.There was no significant difference of those items between ultrasound and radical group.In ultrasound group,the transducer was placed at the dorsal and ventral to visualize the real time image of ipsilateral renal collecting system.The safety wire placing,ureteroscope passing through the uretheral access sheath and the lithotripsy detail could be easily monitored.We compared stone size,operative time,stone-free status and complication rates between the ultrasound and radical group.Results All patients accepted the operation successfully.Operative time was significantly shorter in the ultrasound group than that in radical group.[(62.4 ± 31.7) min vs.(80.4 ± 42.1)min,P <0.05].The average radical exposure during was (37.5 ± 25.2)seconds in radical group.Ureteral injury was seen in 20.0% (13/65),18.5% (12/65) cases in ultrasound and radical group,respectively.The mucosal injury rate in each group was 92.3% (12/13) and 83.3% (10/12) (P > 0.05),respectively.Muscle layer injury was recorded in 1 case of in ultrasound group and 2 cases in radical group.Clavien grade Ⅳ or higher grade complications was not observed in both groups.Fever,pain,nausea or vomiting,persistent hematuria in ultrasound group were 2 cases,3 cases,1 cases and 5 cases.In radical group,those complications were in 2 cases,3 cases,7 cases and 1 cases,respectively.There was no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05).The ultrasound group showed no significant difference in the stone-free rate [90.8% (118/130)vs.89.2% (116/130)] or the complication rate compared to those in radical group(P > 0.05).Conclusions The retrograde intra-renal lithotripsy guided solely by ultrasound can be carried out in the general population in an effective and safe fashion without ionizing radiation,which has the potential to replace radical guided in flexible ureteroseopy.

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