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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920365

ABSTRACT

Objective Health education resource allocation is one of the basic indicators for evaluating health equity. At present, the research on the equity of health education resource allocation in China is mostly limited to a single year or regional data. This study was aimed to understand the equity of health education resources in the whole China from 2015-2019, and to provide a corresponding basis for further rational allocation of health education resources. Methods The data was obtained based on the number of health education training work, health education publicity work, distribution of health education publicity materials and the annual use of funds carried out mainly by the CDC or health education centers in each province according to the 2016-2020 China Health Statistics Yearbook. The inequality coefficient (Gini coefficient) and Lorenz curve were applied to study the selected data. Results The total number of health education resources in China from 2015-2019 was 1 789 735 and 1 933 336, respectively. The Gini coefficients of health education resource allocation by population distribution were all below the warning line of 0.4, which were in an equitable state. Conclusion The equity of health education resources in China is good according to demographic indicators, and there is no significant inequity. Especially, the aspects of health education services, such as technical consultation and media cooperation, are relatively good, but there is still much room for improvement in the construction of websites.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911696

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of reduced left lateral segment graft during pediatric living donor liver transplantation.Methods:From January 2014 to December 2019, 67 children aged under 1 year underwent living donor liver transplantation with reduced left lateral segment graft (RLLS group). Clinical data were analyzed retrospectively and compared with those of left lateral segmentgraft living donor liver transplantation (LLS group). The differences in basic profiles, postoperative complications and postoperative patient/graft survival rate were compared.They were divided into two groups according to whether graft/recipient weight ratio (GRWR) was more than 4%.And major postoperative complications and graft/recipient survival rates were compared.Results:Age, height and weight of recipients were significantly lower in RLLS group than those in control group ( P<0.05). However, donor weight, donor body mass index (BMI), estimated graft volume and proportion of fatty liver from donor were significantly higher than those in control group ( P<0.05). Operative duration, intraoperative blood loss and erythrocyte transfusion were significantly higher than those in control group ( P<0.05). No significant inter-group differences existed in average postoperative hospital stay, intensive care unit (ICU) stay duration or postoperative ventilator use time ( P>0.05); no significant inter-group difference existed in the incidence of such major surgical complications as hepatic artery thrombosis, portal vein stenosis and bile duct complications ( P>0.05). The 1/3-year cumulative survival rates of postoperative patients and grafts were 92.5%, 91.2% and 92.5%, 91.2% in RLLS group and 96.3%, 95.3% and 95.9%, 95.1% in LLS group respectively.There was no significant inter-group difference ( P<0.05). The rate of postoperative hepatic vein stenosis was significantly higher in GRWR>4% group than that in control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Due to a rapid progress of technology, living donor liver transplantation has achieved satisfactory outcomes in children with reduced left lateral segment graft.Whether or not performing reduction surgery should be judged comprehensively according to the matching of donors and recipients and blood flow of liver during operations.And GRWR>4% is not an implementation criterion.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the incidence of lymphatic leakage after pediatric liver transplantation and explore the diagnosis and treatment of lymphatic leakage.Methods:From January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2019, clinical data were analyzed retrospectively for 805 pediatric liver transplant recipients. Based upon the diagnosis of lymphatic leakage, they were divided into two groups of lymphatic leakage ( n=271) and lymphatic non-leakage ( n=534). Analyzing the incidence of lymphatic leakage after liver transplantation in children, evaluating the treatment plan, comparing survival rate and the incidence of postoperative complications between two groups. Results:The incidence of lymphatic leakage was 33.7%(271/805); the proportion of partial liver donors was 14.8% in lymphatic leakage group and 25.8% in lymphatic non-leakage group ( P<0.001). Other basic profiles of two groups were not statistically different. The median follow-up period was 32 months in lymphatic leakage group and 30.6 months in lymphatic non-leakage group. No significant inter-group difference existed in cumulative survival rate, vascular complications, bile leakage, acute cell rejection or intestinal obstruction. The area-under-curve (AUC) of ascites to serum triglyceride (TG) ratio for predicting lymphatic leakage was 0.741, optimal cut-off value 0.54, sensitivity 59.2% and specificity 80.1%. Conclusions:Lymphatic leakage is a common complication after liver transplantation in children. With no significant correlation with the morbidity or mortality, it prolongs postoperative hospital stay. The ratio of ascites to serum TG may be utilized as an effective reference index for diagnosing lymphatic leakage. And lymphatic leakage can be improved by taking a low-fat diet.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911682

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of de novo non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD)in pediatric recipients in early stage post liver transplantation(LT)to enhance our understanding of this rare complication.Methods:The clinical data of 8 recipients who underwent liver transplantation in the children's organ transplantation Department of Tianjin first central hospital from January 2014 to December 2019 and developed NAFLD within 3 months after operation were retrospectively analyzed. Taking liver biopsy as the standard for the diagnosis of NAFLD, the clinical and histological characteristics of early NAFLD after transplantation were summarized and analyzed.The median time from LT to NAFLD was 1.55(0.63, 2.93)months and the median follow-up period 23.60(8.74, 32.58)months.Results:NAFLD was all pathologically confirmed by liver biopsy. Seven cases had abnormal liver function and 1 case of steatosis was detected by ultrasound pre-biopsy. There were acute cellular rejection(2 cases)and drug-induced graft injury(1 case). The median period of recovery for graft function was 32.0(12.0, 34.0)days. Macrovesicular graft steatosis predominated.Conclusions:Occurring earlier in children after LT, NAFLD is frequently accompanied by abnormal graft function. Liver biopsy is required for making a definite diagnosis. Abnormal graft function persists a long time. However, prognosis is generally decent.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of basiliximab plus single steroid induced immunotherapy during donor-recipient ABO-compatible pediatric liver transplantation(LT).Methods:From January 1, 2019 to January 19, 2020, a total of 150 children of donor-recipient ABO-compatible LT were randomly divided into basiliximab group(basiliximab plus single steroid induction and postoperative immunosuppression with tacrolimus alone)and steroid group(conventional dose of steroid induction plus postoperative immunosuppression with tacrolimus and steroid). Clinical characteristics, survival rate of recipients and liver allografts, rejection rate and infection rate were observed.Results:The median follow-up time was 9.2(0.7~15.5)months.No significant inter-group differences existed in survival rate of recipients/grafts or the incidence of acute rejection, early postoperative pulmonary infection, cytomegalovirus and Epstein Barr virus infection. However, in 56 living donor LT, acute rejection(6cases, 10.7%)occurred in basiliximab group versus(12cases, 25.5%)in steroid group. During living donor LT, the incidence of acute rejection declined markedly in bsiliximab group as compared with steroid group( P=0.043). Conclusions:Both safe and effective for donor-recipient ABO-compatible pediatric LT, basiliximab plus single steroid induced immunotherapy can significantly lower the occurrences of acute rejection during living donor LT.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 981-986, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910952

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia among community-dwelling Chinese elderly and to explore the related factors.Methods:Data were obtained from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey(CHARLS)in 2015, an open national database.According to the criteria of the Asian Working Group(AWGS)on Sarcopenia in 2014, a cross-sectional survey was conducted on 7 584 Chinese residents aged 60 years and over who had undergone the standard sarcopenia test.General socio-demographic characteristics and living habits were compared between different gender groups.The prevalence of sarcopenia was analyzed with stratification.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze risk factors for sarcopenia.Results:The overall prevalence of sarcopenia was 6.4%(95% CI: 5.9-7.0)among the Chinese population aged 60 years or older.In the stratified analysis, the prevalence of sarcopenia was higher in males(9.9%, 95% CI: 9.0-10.9)than in females(3.0%, 95% CI: 2.4-3.5), in rural areas(7.2%, 95% CI: 6.5-7.9)than in urban areas(4.3%, 95% CI: 3.4-5.2), and in smokers(8.8%, 95% CI: 7.6-10.0)than in non-smokers(4.2%, 95% CI: 3.6-4.8). Multivariate Logistic regression showed that male gender( OR=5.368, 95% CI: 4.126-6.985)and old age( OR=1.191, 95% CI: 1.172-1.210)were risk factors for sarcopenia.In addition, the occurrence of sarcopenia was significantly associated with physical pain( OR=2.181, 95% CI: 1.695-2.673), alcohol consumption( OR=1.426, 95% CI: 1.057-1.923), low education level( OR=2.875, 95% CI: 1.577-5.241), increased waist circumference( OR=0.982, 95% CI: 0.973-0.990), decreased peak expiratory flow( OR=0.995, 95% CI: 0.994-0.997)and increased cystatin C levels( OR=2.088, 95% CI: 1.247-3.495)( P<0.05). Conclusions:The prevalence of sarcopenia is high among community-dwelling elderly in China, and the occurrence of sarcopenia is closely related to age, gender, education level, Waist circumference and alcohol consumption.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908146

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of evidence-based physical restraint practice in ICU patients based on the best evidence.Methods:Based on the previous studies of evidence- based nursing program of physical restraint in ICU patients, the nurses were trained, and the evidences were introduced into clinical application and the effect of program application on nurse level, patient level and organization system were evaluated. Results:The body restraint duration of ICU patients in the contrd group was 41 (14.25, 166.50) h, and the body restraint duration of intervention group was 37(16.75,107.50) h, the difference was statistically significant ( Z value was 1.71, P<0.05). The level of physical restraint knowledge, attitude, behavior and total scores of ICU nurses increased from (12.30±1.73), (33.69±3.80), (45.19±10.56), (91.17±13.38) before implementation to (13.37±2.07), (36.81 ±3.61), (49.17±4.98), (98.08±6.11) after implementation. The differences in attitude, behavior and total scores were statistically significant ( t values were 4.05, 0.96, 2.44, P<0.05).At the organizational system level, after the application of the program, the related procedures, norms, assessment tools, nursing record sheets, restraint tools, training materials courses and so on were improved in the department. Conclusions:By introducing the best evidence of physical restraint into clinical application, it can guide nurses to use physical restraint more scientifically and standardize physical restraint behavior.At the same time, it can reduce the use of physical constraints to a certain extent, reduce the rate of physical restraints, shorten the average length of restraint, and improve the flow system related to physical restraints, so as to provide reference for the implementation of physical restraints.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906606

ABSTRACT

Objective This article takes a cosmetics factory in Yichang City as an example, uses a variety of methodologies to explore methods of health impact assessment and provides methodological references for future health evaluation of related public policies. Methods By analyzing the environmental assessment report of the cosmetic renovation project, an indicator system was established and expert consultation meetings were conducted to score the impact of the corresponding indicators on health. The impact of the renovation project of the factory on the factory workers, surrounding residents and the sustainable development of the environment was analyzed by means of the Kaiser model with the risk matrix and the Borda value. Results The risk values of the five influencing factors of industrial wastewater, domestic wastewater, industrial waste gas, industrial waste and noise were 5.11%, 5.43%, 10.6%, 6.71% and 7.02% respectively. All the influencing factors were in the green zone of the risk matrix. The Borda values of the five influencing factors of industrial waste water, domestic waste water, industrial waste gas, industrial waste residue and noise were 4, 5, 10, 7 and 5 respectively. Conclusion The multiple methodologies adopted in the factory renovation project are feasible, and can provide new ideas for the health impact assessment of public policies in the future.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879468

ABSTRACT

Since the concept of "safe area" put forward by Lewinnek, it has been widely recognized. While in recent years, many scholars have found that even if the acetabular prosthesis was placed on the "safe area", there were still many unexplained dislocation after total hip arthroplasty. And scholars began to question whether the "safe area" is really suitable for all patients. Spinal degeneration, deformity, lumbar fusion, etc. will lead to spine sagittal imbalance and changes in pelvic activity, which could lead to changes in acetabular orientation, and ultimately lead to edge loading, wear, impact, and even dislocation after total hip replacement. From the perspective of wear, impact and dislocation, it is determined by the functional positioning of the acetabular cup, not the anatomical positioning. The anatomical positioning and functional positioning of the neutral pelvic acetabular cup in the standing position can be considered equivalent. For pelvic rotation more than 20°, functional placement needs to be considered. In recent years, as the understanding of the internal relationship between the spine-pelvis-hip joint has become more and more profound, some scholars further classify the hip-spine relationship according to whether the spine is stiff or deformed, and propose corresponding acetabulums according to different types of hip-spine relationships The function of placement, so as to achieve a stable artificial hip joint. Therefore, it is of great significance to fully assess whether the patient's sagittal plane is balanced before surgery to guide artificial hip replacement surgery.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hip Joint , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Spine
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887901

ABSTRACT

There is growing evidence that dermal papilla cells(DPCs)act as the organizing center to induce the cyclic hair regeneration.On one hand,DPCs secrete cytokines or growth factors to regulate the differentiation,proliferation,and migration of epithelial stem cells(EpSCs)and melanocyte stem cells(MeSCs)residing in the bulge region.On the other hand,DPCs manipulate the microenvironment(also termed as niche)for both EpSCs and MeSCs,such as the size of dermal papilla,the distance between dermal papilla and the bulge region,and the lymphatic drainage and sympathetic nerve innervation surrounding the bulge region,thereby orchestrating the cycling hair growth.Recent studies have demonstrated at least four subpopulations existing in dermal papillae,which induce the unilineage transit-amplifying epithelial cells to form the concentric multilayers of hair shafts and sheaths.In addition,emerging study has indicated that sustained psychological stress potentially leads to hyperactivation of the sympathetic nerves that innervate the bulge region.The large amount of norepinephrine released by the nerve endings forces MeSCs to rapidly and abnormally proliferate,resultantly causing the depletion of MeSC pool and the loss of hair pigment.Understanding the molecular regulation of hair growth and pigmentation by DPCs holds substantial promise for the future use of cultured DPCs


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Dermis , Hair Follicle , Pigmentation
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885316

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinicalfactors related to allograft fibrosis after pediatric liver transplantation.Methods:The clinical data were respectively analyzed for 94 pediatric recipients from January 2013 to December 2016 at Tianjin First Central Hospital.The Patients were assigned into fibrotic and non-fibrotic groups based upon the results of protocol liver biopsies. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyses were performed for examining the risk factors of fibrosis after pediatric livertransplantation. Then Logistic regression model was established to obtain the predicted value of combined predictive factors.Thereceiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was conducted to evaluate the predictive value of combined predictive factors.Results:A total number of 54(57.5%) patients occurred fibrosis among the 94 patients. There weresignificant differences in cold ischemia time (Z=2.094), warm ischemia time (Z=2.421), biliary stricture( χ2=4.560), drug-induced liver injury ( χ2=7.389), hepatic artery thrombosis and rejection ( χ2=6.955)between two groups ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that cold ischemia time (OR=1.003, 95%CI: 1.000~1.007, P=0.044), biliary stricture(OR=6.451, 95%CI: 1.205~33.295), rejection(OR=2.735, 95%CI: 1.057~7.077)and drug-induced liver injury (OR=4.977, 95%CI: 1.207~20.522, P=0.026) were independent risk factors for fibrosis 5 years after liver transplantation. The area under the ROC curve was 0.786(95%CI: 0.691~0.881), for predicting patient outcome.If using 0.311as a cutoff Value, the sensitivity was 90.70%, and the specificity was 60.00%. However, through the ROC curve comparison, there was statistical significance between combined predictive factors and the other independent risk factors ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of fibrosis 5 years after pediatricliver transplantation is 57.5%. Prolonged cold ischemia time, biliarystricture, rejectionand drug-induced liver injury after liver transplantation are independent risk factors for fibrosis 5 years after pediatric liver transplantation.And the combined predictive factors have a high predictive value forallograftfibrosis.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897428

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Bone destruction and pain caused by cancer is one of the most devastating complications of cancer patients with bone metastases, and it seriously affects the quality of patients’ life. Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) is a cell adhesion molecule with increased expression in a variety of tumors. This study focused to clarify the specific function of EMMPRIN in bone metastasis of breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#Adenovirus with shRNA-EMMPRIN was transfected into MRMT-1 rat breast carcinoma cells, and the MRMT-1 cells with different expression levels of EMMPRIN were implanted into the bone marrow cavity of rat tibia. Next, the effect of down-regulation of EMMPRIN was evaluated as follows: bone damage was detected by X-ray radiological and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining; the tumor burden was evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin staining; the test of pain-related behaviors was assessed used the bilateral paw withdrawal mechanical threshold; and the levels of secretory factors in tumor conditioned medium were determined by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. @*Results@#We found that down-regulation of EMMPRIN in tumor cells can simultaneously reduce tumor burden, relieve cancer-induced bone destruction and pain. @*Conclusion@# @*Materials and Methods@#EMMPRIN is expected to be a therapeutic target for relieving bone metastasis of breast cancer and alleviating cancerinduced bone destruction and pain. The method of targeting EMMPRIN may be a promising strategy for the treatment of cancer in the future.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889724

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Bone destruction and pain caused by cancer is one of the most devastating complications of cancer patients with bone metastases, and it seriously affects the quality of patients’ life. Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) is a cell adhesion molecule with increased expression in a variety of tumors. This study focused to clarify the specific function of EMMPRIN in bone metastasis of breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#Adenovirus with shRNA-EMMPRIN was transfected into MRMT-1 rat breast carcinoma cells, and the MRMT-1 cells with different expression levels of EMMPRIN were implanted into the bone marrow cavity of rat tibia. Next, the effect of down-regulation of EMMPRIN was evaluated as follows: bone damage was detected by X-ray radiological and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining; the tumor burden was evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin staining; the test of pain-related behaviors was assessed used the bilateral paw withdrawal mechanical threshold; and the levels of secretory factors in tumor conditioned medium were determined by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. @*Results@#We found that down-regulation of EMMPRIN in tumor cells can simultaneously reduce tumor burden, relieve cancer-induced bone destruction and pain. @*Conclusion@# @*Materials and Methods@#EMMPRIN is expected to be a therapeutic target for relieving bone metastasis of breast cancer and alleviating cancerinduced bone destruction and pain. The method of targeting EMMPRIN may be a promising strategy for the treatment of cancer in the future.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of local infiltration anesthesia of ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone for postoperative analgesia in patients with hallux valgus.@*METHODS@#From September 2019 to December 2020, 48 patients with hallux valgus were treated surgically. According to different postoperative analgesia methods, the patients were divided into combined local infiltration group and intravenous analgesia pump group. There were 24 cases, in the combined local infiltration group including 2 males and 22 females;the age ranged from 21 to 78 years old, with an average of (58.3±7.7) years old;soft tissue release and chevron osteotomy were performed in 15 cases and metatarsophalangeal joint fusion in 9 cases;immediately after operation, 20 ml of ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone mixed diluent was used for local infiltration anesthesia once. There were 24 patients in intravenous analgesia pump group, including 3 males and 21 females;the age ranged from 23 to 81 years old, with an average of(56.8±8.3) years old;soft tissue release and Chevron osteotomy were performed in 17 cases and metatarsophalangeal joint fusion in 7 cases;immediately after operation, intravenous analgesia pump was used for analgesia. The basic flow was 2 ml / h;the self control dose was 0.5 ml;and the locking time was 15 min. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was recorded at 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after operation;and the VAS was recorded at 24 hours after operation. The occurrence of adverse drug reactions at 0 to 12 hours, 12 to 24 hours and 24 to 48 hours after operation were recorded;and the healing of incision was recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 14 to 17 days, with a mean of (14.60±0.92) days. There was significantdifference in VAS at 12, 24 and 48 hours between the combined local infiltration group and the intravenous analgesia pump group(@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with intravenous analgesia pump group, ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone can significantly reduce postoperative wound pain without increasing adverse drug reactions, and does not increase wound infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Analgesia , Anesthesia, Local , Bunion , Feasibility Studies , Female , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920752

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence of soil-transmitted nematode infections in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, so as to provide insights into the development of the scheme for further soil-transmitted nematodiasis surveillance. Methods Soil-borne nematode infections were detected using the modified Kato-Katz method (two slides for one sample) among the permanent residents living in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, and Enterobius vermicularis infection was additionally detected among children at ages of 12 years and lower using the adhesive cellophane-tape perianal swab method. The prevalence and intensity of human soil-borne nematode and E. vermicularis infections were descriptively analyzed. Results A total of 51 259 person-time residents were detected for soil-borne nematode infections in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, and 48 egg-positives were identified, with a 0.09% prevalence. The soil-borne nematodes infecting residents included Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm and Trichuris trichiura, with 0.04%, 0.05% and 0.002% prevalence rates of infections, and all infections were mild. There was a region-specific prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections in Yancheng City (χ2 = 18.21, P = 0.02), with the highest prevalence seen in Funing County (0.21%), while no infections were detected in Dafeng District for five successive years. The overall prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 0.22% among children at ages of 12 years and lower in Yancheng City. Conclusions The prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections appears a gradual decline in residents living in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, and is at an extremely low level. Further surveillance of soil-transmitted nematodiasis requires to be intensified targeting key regions and populations to consolidate the control achievements.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878713

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of sarcopenia on the efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)in the treatment of osteoporotic spinal compression fracture(OSCF)in elderly patients. Methods From February 2017 to June 2018,a total of 77 elderly patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in this study.Grip strength of dominant hand was measured by an electronic grip dynamometer with cut-off values of 27 kg for males and 16 kg for females.The cross-sectional area of the pedicle level muscle of the 12th thoracic vertebra(T12)was measured by chest CT.The skeletal muscle index(SMI)was calculated by dividing the T12 pedicle level muscle cross-sectional area by the square of body height.The SMI cut-off value used to diagnose sarcopenia was 42.6 cm


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sarcopenia/complications , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1346-1350, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888564

ABSTRACT

At present, multiple myeloma (MM) still can not be cured, so it is particularly important to study the prognostic factors of MM. Recently, based on the characteristics of tumor or host, the complete disease staging systems, such as Mayor mSMART and frailty scoring system have been updated. Other independent prognostic factors, such as minimal residual disease, circulating tumor DNA, red blood cell distribution width, lymphocyte ratio and thymidine kinase 1 are of great value in evaluating the prognosis of MM from different perspectives. The comprehensive study about these prognostic factors is helpful to identify patients with high-risk MM to guide treatment and hopefully improves the quality of life of patients. In this review, the latest research progress of prognostic factors for MM is summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Quality of Life
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911627

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the preventive efficacy of 2-week ganciclovir intravenous injection for CMV infection after pediatric liver transplantation(LT).Methods:Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed for 404 pediatric LT recipients from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017. According to whether or not ganciclovir was intravenously administered for preventing CMV infection, they were divided into two groups of prevention(235 cases)and non-prevention(169 cases). The preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative follow-up data of two groups were recorded. Survival rate, incidence of CMV infection and time of initial CMV infection were compared between two groups.Results:The median follow-up time of 404 pediatric liver transplantation recipients was 856 days and the incidence of CMV infection 39.1%. No inter-group statistical difference existed in such basic clinical data as gender, age, primary disease, preoperative PELD score, CHILD grade, operative duration, intraoperative blood loss, immunosuppressive regimen or rejection rate. The median follow-up time of two groups was 1014 and 731 days; The incidence of CMV infection 37.4%(88/235)and 41.4%(70/169); The average postoperative time of initial CMV infection 75.5 and 110.2 days; The rate of CMV re-infection after initial CMV infection 26.1%(23/88)and 18.6%(13/70)respectively. No significant inter-group differences existed( P>0.05). Conclusions:Early postoperative 2-week intravenous ganciclovir injection fails to reduce the incidence of CMV infection after pediatric LT, nor delay the occurrence time of CMV infection. It is not recommended as a preventive program for CMV infection after pediatric LT.

19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 127-132, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799553

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To deliver macro understanding of the latest research progress on clinical trials and approved products of cancer drugs in China in 2019.@*Methods@#The number of clinical trials and related investigational products by domestic and foreign enterprises in 2019 were acquired in the China Food and Drug Administration Registration and Information Disclosure Platform for Drug Clinical Studies, while listed drugs were obtained in the China Food and Drug Administration Query System for Domestic and Imported Drug. Characteristics on stage, scope, indication of those trials, classification and mechanism of involved products, as well as listed anticancer drugs were summarized and depicted.@*Results@#There were 474 cancer drug trials registered in China in 2019, accounting for 21.8% of the total, and 397 (83.8%) were initiated by domestic pharmaceutical enterprises. Overall, international multicenter trials accounted for 13.1%, and phase I trials accounted for 47.3%. Compared with global enterprises, the proportion of international multi-center trials initiated by domestic companies is lower (4.8% vs. 55.8%, P<0.001), and the proportion of phase I clinical trials and bioequivalence trials is higher (51.9% vs. 23.4%, 19.4% vs. 1.3%, P<0.001). An accumulative of 27 cancer types were involved for all the cancer drug trials, and lung cancer, solid tumor, and breast cancer were the most common cancer types, with 103, 95 and 49 trials, respectively. For the three cancer types unique to Chinese population, gastric, liver and esophageal cancer, the total number of initiated trials was 47. For all those trials, there were 335 cancer drug varieties, with 86.0% developed by domestic pharmaceutical enterprises, including 300 therapeutic drugs, 30 adjunctive drugs and 5 preventive drugs. In terms of mechanism, targeted drugs and immune drugs were the most popular, accounting for 74.6% and 20.3%, respectively. In addition, 17 anticancer drugs targeting on 11 cancer types were approved in China in 2019.@*Conclusions@#Clinical trials on cancer drugs in China have ushered a booming era, with large number of innovative agents represented by targeted drugs and immune drugs under clinical development or putting into clinical practice. Those local enterprises are playing more and more critical roles. Strengthening clinical research and development on Chinese unique cancer types is the key direction of future work.

20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 17-21, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799029

ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoint inhibitors have been approved for clinical application in China. However, the increased immune-related adverse event (irAE) needs more attention. This review summarized the incidence, characteristic clinical manifestation and treatment of irAEs associated with programmed cell death protein-1(PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand-1(PD-L1) inhibitors. To have a deep insight into irAE, the potential mechanisms, the different incidences of cancer types, influencing factors and the direction of future research were also discussed here to provide guidance for clinical oncologist to identify and monitor irAE.

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