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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of Mycoplasma pneumoniae( Mp) genotypes and subtypes in children in Tianjin. Methods:Children with pneumonia admitted to Tianjin Children′s Hospital from December 2017 to December 2019 were selected as the research objects. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was collected by fiberoptic bronchoscopy. The positive samples were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and Mp culture. PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism(RFLP) and multiple variable number tandem repeats were used for genotyping. Detailed clinical and laboratory data were collected for all cases. Results:The results of RFLP showed that there were 138 cases (78.9%) of typeⅠand 37 cases (21.1%) of type Ⅱ; 37 cases of type M3-5-6-2, including six subtypes B, G, M, S, V and Y; 138 cases of M4-5-7-2 were detected, including seven subtypes of E, J, P, U, X, Z and a. In M3-5-6-2 type, there were 1 case of P1-Ⅰtype (2.7%), 36 cases of P1-Ⅱtype (97.3%), 137 cases of P1-Ⅰ type (99.2%) and 1 case of P1-Ⅱ type (0.7%) in M4-5-7-2 type. There was no significant difference in genotype distribution among different age groups. There were statistical differences in the distribution of four seasons among the 13 genotypes of B, G, M, S, V, Y and E, J, P, U, X, Z, a. All Mp infected children had symptoms of fever and cough. The hospitalization time, fever duration, high fever (>39℃), cough duration, skin changes, digestive system symptoms and liver function injury rate of P1-Ⅰ/M4-5-7-2 pneumonia children were higher than those of P1-Ⅱ/M3-5-6-2 pneumonia children, but the difference was not statistically significant. The WBC count of P1-Ⅱ/M3-5-6-2 types was higher than that of typeⅠand M4-5-7-2; the LDH of P1-Ⅰ/M4-5-7-2 was higher than that of Ⅱ and M3-5-6-2, with statistical difference. There was no significant difference in the incidence of inflammatory consolidation, atelectasis, pleural thickening and pleural effusion among different genotypes. Conclusions:Mp infection in children with pneumonia in Tianjin is mainly P1-Ⅰ/ M4-5-7-2, and P1-Ⅱ is on the rise. P1-Ⅰ and M4-5-7-2 were associated with fever and severe symptoms.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882865

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of 4 children with congenital absence of tracheal cartilage ring in Qilu Children′s Hospital of Shandong University from November 2017 to August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.The age of the 4 cases was from 2 months to 1 year.One case had no obvious symptoms after birth, and then had repeated wheezing attacks for 3 times.Another 3 cases had symptoms after birth, such as throat ringing, repeated cough and asthma.Bronchoscopy in 4 cases indicated that the local lumen of trachea was round and centripetal stenosis, but the body of bronchoscope could pass smoothly, and no cartilage structure was found in the wall of trachea.Among them, 3 cases of chest enhanced CT examination displayed local and hourglass-like tracheal stenosis, without vascular ring malformation.All the 4 cases were treated by operation, of which 3 cases recovered well and 1 case died of severe infection after operation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features and experience in diagnosis and treatment of subglottic cysts in children.Methods:The clinical data of 5 children with subglottic cysts admitted in Qilu Children′s Hospital of Shandong University from April 2018 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among the 5 patients, 2 cases were premature infants and 3 cases were full term infants.All patients had an endotracheal intubation history.One patient was asymptomatic.Four patients had laryngeal stridor, 2 cases of whom were accompanied by hoarseness and dyspnea.These 2 patients were used to be misdiagnosed with laryngomalacia, laryngitis, etc.Bronchoscopy revealed subglottic gray-white cyst-like lesions, and enhanced CT showed low density without enhancement.All patients were treated with laser and forceps, and bronchoscope was applied in the follow up period for 5-12 weeks.There was no recurrence or subglottic stenosis.Conclusions:Laryngeal stridor in children with a history of endotracheal intubation must be examined by bronchoscopy in time to find out whether there is subglottic cysts.Laser therapy is an effective treatment for subglottic cysts.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882726

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of two SNP sites of delta-like ligand protein-1 (DLL1) gene rs2738822 (C>T) and rs9459988 (T>G) and gene expression on bone marrow suppression after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer.Methods:Breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy were selected as study subjects, including 90 patients with severe bone marrow suppression and 72 patients with mild bone marrow suppression. Patient’s demographic characteristics and laboratory test indicators were collected. Two SNP sites of DLL1, rs2738822 and rs9459988, were genotyped by capillary electrophoresis and section analysis (SNaPshot) . The relative mRNA expression of DLL1 gene was detected by quantitative reverse polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR) method.Results:For The rs2738822 of DLL1 gene, the genotype distribution difference between severe and mild bone marrow suppression groups was statistically significant ( χ2=8.622, P=0.013) . Compared with CC genotype, CT and TT genotype carriers had a higher risk of severe bone marrow suppression, with an OR value of 2.746 (1.335-6.882) and 3.054 (1.282-8.143) , respectively. The dominant model results showed that TT OR CT carriers had a significantly higher risk of severe bone marrow suppression than THOSE with CC genotype [ OR=2.976 (1.231-4.963) ]. For rs9459988, there was no significant difference in genotype distribution between severe bone marrow suppression group and mild bone marrow suppression group ( χ2=2.149, P=0.342) . Results of the dominant model showed that TG or GG carriers had a significantly higher risk of severe bone marrow suppression than TT carriers, with an OR value of 2.046 (1.053-5.611) . The relative mRNA expression level of DLL1 gene was 1.15±0.23 in patients with severe bone marrow suppression, which was significantly lower than that in patients with mild bone marrow suppression (2.64±0.51) ( t=6.381, P<0.001) . For rs2738822, with the increase of T allele, the relative mRNA expression level of DLL1 gene decreased gradually ( P<0.05) . For rs9459988, the relative mRNA expression level of DLL1 gene in patients with mutant allele G was also significantly lower than that in wild-type CC carriers ( P<0.05) . Conclusion:Mutations of DLL1 genes rs2738822 and rs9459988 are related to the occurrence of severe bone marrow suppression after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer, and can be used as a genetic marker to predict the degree of bone marrow suppression after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882375

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between heart rate variability (HRV) and cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).Methods:Patients with OSA received polysomnography and brain MRI examination in Weihai Municipal Hospital from July 2019 to July 2020 were consecutively collected for cross-sectional analysis. The 5 min HRV before sleep (awake state) was analyzed. The patients were divided into CSVD group and non-CSVD group according to the overall burden of CSVD. The demographic data, clinical data, polysomnography parameters and HRV time domain and frequency domain parameters were compared between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the correlation between the HRV parameters and CSVD in patients with OSA. Results:A total of 100 patients with OSA were enrolled, including 79 males (79.0%), aged 52.36±8.66 years, apnea hypopnea index (AHI) 38.70±24.65/h. There were 46 patients (46.0%) in the CSVD group and 54 (54.0%) in the non-CSVD group. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in age, AHI, oxygen desaturation index (ODI), percentage of blood oxygen saturation <90% in total sleep time (T90), square root of the mean of the sum of the squares of the difference between adjacent RR intervals (RMSSD), power in high frequency range (HF), power in low frequency range (LF) to HF ratio (LF/HF) between the CSVD group and the non-CSVD group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, AHI, ODI, and T90, RMSSD (odds ratio 0.625, 95% confidence interval 0.389-0.981; P=0.041) and LF/HF ratio (odds ratio 1.429, 95% confidence interval 1.011-2.020; P=0.043) were the independent influencing factors of CSVD in patients with OSA. Conclusion:Increased LF/HF and decreased RMSSD in OSA patients with CSVD suggest that the increased sympathetic excitability and decreased vagus function, which may be one of the pathophysiological mechanisms of occurring CSVD in patients with OSA.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880474

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Thinking on the construction of the medical device type archives information system.@*METHODS@#This paper introduces the concept and significance of medical device variety archives, and puts forward the overall construction idea and system framework of medical device variety archives by analyzing its construction difficulties.@*RESULTS@#Considering the long-term nature and complexity of the construction of medical device variety archives, the system can be constructed in accordance with the three steps of system building, platform building and data management, and the overall technical architecture can be designed from the eight aspects of user layer, business application layer, application support layer, data resource layer, infrastructure layer, security, standards and operation and maintenance management.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Architecture design is the foundation of system construction, and its design rationality is very important for the success of system construction. The architecture design proposed in this study has a certain reference role for promoting the construction of medical device variety archives management system.


Subject(s)
Information Systems , Reference Standards
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879874

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of serum levels of trace elements with core symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#From September 2018 to September 2019, an investigation was performed for 1 020 children with ASD and 1 038 healthy children matched for age and sex in the outpatient service of grade A tertiary hospitals and special education institutions in 13 cities of China. Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) were used to assess the core symptoms of the children with ASD. The inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to measure serum levels of trace elements magnesium, iron, copper, and zinc.@*RESULTS@#The children with ASD had significantly lower serum levels of magnesium, copper, and zinc than the healthy children (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The serum levels of magnesium and zinc may be associated with core symptoms in children with ASD, which requires further studies. The nutritional status of trace elements should be monitored for children with ASD in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Child , China , Copper/analysis , Humans , Trace Elements/analysis , Zinc
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879180

ABSTRACT

This study aims to study the chemical components from the gum resin of Boswellia carterii. Five cembranoid diterpenes were isolated from the gum resin of B. carterii by various of column chromatographies including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, mass spectrometry(MS), nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR), Ultraviolet(UV) and infrared(IR) spectroscopic data. These compounds were identified as(1S,2E,4R,5S,7E,11E)-4-methoxy-5-hydroxycembrane(1),(1R~*,4R~*,5E,8E,12E,15E)-4-hydroxycembra-5,8,12,15-tetraene(2), cembrene A(3),(3S,4S,7R)-4-hydroxycembrane(4), and pavidolide D(5). Compound 1 was a new compound. Compounds 2, 4, and 5 were obtained from the gum resin of B. carterii for the first time. Compound 2 showed weak inhibition on the human liver cancer cell line HepG2.


Subject(s)
Boswellia , Cell Line , Diterpenes , Humans , Molecular Structure , Resins, Plant
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878713

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of sarcopenia on the efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)in the treatment of osteoporotic spinal compression fracture(OSCF)in elderly patients. Methods From February 2017 to June 2018,a total of 77 elderly patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in this study.Grip strength of dominant hand was measured by an electronic grip dynamometer with cut-off values of 27 kg for males and 16 kg for females.The cross-sectional area of the pedicle level muscle of the 12th thoracic vertebra(T12)was measured by chest CT.The skeletal muscle index(SMI)was calculated by dividing the T12 pedicle level muscle cross-sectional area by the square of body height.The SMI cut-off value used to diagnose sarcopenia was 42.6 cm


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sarcopenia/complications , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 378-383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878568

ABSTRACT

In recent years, to solve the increasingly prominent problem of the contradiction between human social development and environmental resources, artificial meat has appeared in public view more and more. Generally speaking, the artificial meat can be divided into vegetable protein meat and cell cultured meat. Among them, vegetable protein meat has gradually begun to be commercialized, and cell cultured meat is cultured with animal cells, which is more similar to the real meat. Based on the analysis of the essence of cell cultured meat, we explore the positive significance of cell cultured meat technology for the meat production industry, consumer groups, and the sustainable development of mankind in the future. From the perspective of bioethics, the research, development and production of cell cultured meat can help ensure the sustainable development of human society, improve animal welfare, reduce resource demand, improve the nutritional function of meat products, and provide new growth points for the development of other industries. In addition, the ethical risks of food safety, technology abuse and technical supervision involved in cell cultured meat production are put forward for deep consideration, hoping to provide reference for the sustainable development of artificial meat industry from the perspective of bioethics.


Subject(s)
Animal Welfare , Animals , Food Safety , Humans , Meat , Meat Products
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the imaging features of focus of knee joint tendon in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) technique.@*METHODS@#One hundred KOA patients and 100 healthy subjects were included. All the KOA patients were palpated by the sequence of foot @*RESULTS@#The top-5 focus of knee tendon of KOA patients were located in medial inferior patella, medial tibial condyle, inferior patella, Zusanlici and Hedingci. The thickness of ligaments and tendons in extension and flexion positions in KOA patients were thicker than that in healthy subjects (@*CONCLUSION@#The focus of knee joint tendon in KOA patients shows significantly thickened musculoskeletal imaging features.


Subject(s)
Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Tendons/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 831-834, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876526

ABSTRACT

Five cadinane-type sesquiterpenoids were isolated from the n-hexane extract of Commiphora myrrha by using various chromatographic techniques, including silica gel, ODS and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. These compounds were defined as (3S,4R)-3,9-dimethoxymyrrhone (1), 9-methoxymyrrhone (2), myrrhone (3), commiterpene B (4) and comosone Ⅱ (5). Compound 1 is a new compound, of which the absolute configuration was established by single crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis. Compound 5 is firstly isolated from the Commiphora genus.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 519-523, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876358

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess diet-related knowledge and behavior among primary and middle-school students in five cities of Anhui, and to provide evidence for nutrition education and intervention strategies.@*Methods@#A multi stage stratified cluster random sampling method was used to select 2 045 students in five cities(Huaibei,Bengbu,Ma anshan,Hefei and Wuhu) of Anhui for a questionnaire survey on nutrition knowledge, diet behavior, food preferences, and diet education.@*Results@#The overall rate of good nutritional awareness was 38.3%; students had the highest rate of awareness on plain water being the healthiest drink(91.6%). The overall rate of healthy food preferences was 51.5%, with milk and dairy products being the highest rated (66.4%). The overall rate of good diet behavior was 85.8%, with eating most meals on time and in appropriate quantities being the highest rated (87.7%). The overall rate of students with good diet education was 25.0%, while the rate of table cleaning was 73.0%. Middle school students had more knowledge of nutrition(χ 2=28.8), while primary school students had better healthy food preferences and diet behaviors(χ 2=31.3,77.6), and girls were more frequently involved in setting and clearing the table(χ 2=12.2)(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Insufficient nutrition knowledge, clear food preferences, unhealthy dietary behaviors, and a lack of diet education were observed in primary and middle school students in Anhui. Specific nutritional education in school settings should be developed, home school cooperation should be strengthened, and diet education activities should be increased to help primary and middle school students form a healthy lifestyle.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872987

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the effect of bergapten on the apoptosis of HepG2 and Hep3B cells through phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B(Akt) pathway. Method::Bergamot (5, 50, 200 μmol·L-1) groups and blank group were set up. The effect of bergapten at different concentrations on proliferation of HepG2 and Hep3B cells for 24, 48 h were detected by thiazolyl blue(MTT) assay. Apoptosis was detected by Annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide double staining. Quantitative real-time fluorescence reverse transcriptional polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot assay were used to detect relevant mRNA and proteins expressions. The clone formation rate and the effect of HepG2 and Hep3B cells in each group were evaluated by plate cell clone formation. Result::MTT assay showed that bergapten could significantly inhibit the proliferation activity of HepG2 and Hep3B cells in a time-dependent manner. Flow cytometry analysis showed that bergapten in 200 μmol·L-1 concentration groups had significant pro-apoptotic effect on HepG2 and Hep3B cells after 48 h (P<0.05). Western blot results showed that bergamolactone could up-regulate the protein expressions of Caspase-3, Caspase-8 (P<0.05), and down-regulate protein expressions of B-lymphocytoma-2 (Bcl-2), PI3K (P<0.05). Real-time PCR results showed that mRNA expressions of PI3K and Akt were decreased(P<0.05). The results of plate cell clone formation experiment showed that with the increase of the concentration of bergamolide, the cell clone formation rate of each group showed a decreasing trend, particularly in 200 μmol·L-1 concentration group (P<0.05). Conclusion::Bergapten can inhibit the proliferation of HepG2 and Hep3B cells, which may be induced through the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872671

ABSTRACT

Volatile oil of traditional Chinese medicine (VOTCM) is a plant volatile component obtained through distillation or supercritical fluid extraction. The volatile oil is rich in terpenes and phenylpropanoids, with many different effect. It is not only widely used in healthcare products, but also has a variety of pharmacological effect, such as analgesia, antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor effect. Malignant tumor is an important threat to human health. At present, the drugs commonly used in clinical treatment of tumors are expensive with certain toxic and side effect. Although new treatment technologies are also being promoted step by step, they have higher treatment costs than traditional chemotherapies, and the long-term efficacy remained to be further confirmed. The effect of volatile oil of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) on cancer is receiving more and more attention. In particular, it has a significant inhibitory effect on lung, liver, colon, and stomach cancer. Specifically, it can not only reduce the side effect of chemotherapy drugs, but also effectively prolong or stop the tumor recurrence, with special effects in treatment and adjuvant treatment. At the same time, various anti-tumor mechanisms of volatile oils have been discovered, such as inducing tumor cell apoptosis, inhibiting tumor blood vessel formation, inhibiting tumor cell proliferation, inducing tumor cell differentiation, interfering with multidrug resistance, and regulating the body's immune function. However, there are still some problems in the basic research, achievement transformation, and product development of volatile oil of TCM, which restricts its clinical and daily application. This paper summarizes the antitumor mechanism of volatile oil of TCM by consulting relevant domestic and foreign literatures, analyzes the current situation of volatile oils, and proposes improvement directions for its problems and development, in the expectation of laying the foundation for the research of volatile oil of TCM in anti-tumor research.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1513-1521, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869104

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical outcomes and correction effects of kyphosis between Zero-profile device (Zero-p) and plate/cage structures (PCC) in treating cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) patients with cervical kyphosis.Methods:From August 2016 to July 2018, a total of 54 cases of cervical spondylotic myelopathy patients with cervical kyphosis were analyzed retrospectively, including 26 cases treated with Zero-p and 28 cases treated with PCC system. There was no significant difference between the two groups in gender, age, body mass index (BMI) and operative segment. The operation duration and the blood loss were recorded. The clinical outcomes of the patients were measured by visual analogue score (VAS) for neck pain and Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score for neurological function. Moreover, JOA recovery rate was obtained to assess the surgical results. The cervical lordosis (C 2-C 7 Cobb angle), the Cobb angle of the operation segment, the C 2-C 7 vertical axis (C 2 SVA) and the cervical range of motion (ROM) were measured on the lateral and dynamic radiographs of the cervical spine, respectively. Results:In the Zero-p group, the operation duration was 83.0±14.9 (range 60-120) min, intraoperative blood loss was 70.5±27.3 (range 30-150) ml. In PCC group, the operation duration was 100.0±23.9 (range 65-145) min, intraoperative blood loss was 104.2±38.8 (range 30-250) ml. There were significant difference in above parameters between two groups ( t=3.40, 2.06; P=0.00, 0.04). The follow-up duration in Zero-p group was 30.4±5.8 (range 24-36) months and 31.2±4.9 (range 24-36) months in PCC group without significant difference ( t=1.061, P=0.291). The VAS/JOA score of the Zero-p group was improved from (5.9±1.0)/(9.2±1.7) preoperatively to (2.1±0.8)/(14.9±1.0) at 1 month postoperatively, and to (3.4±1.0)/(15.1±0.9) at the last follow-up. The difference between them was statistically significant ( F=130.96, 221.40, P=0.00). The VAS/JOA score of the PCC group was improved from (5.9±1.1)/(8.7±1.6) preoperatively to (2.3±0.9)/(14.9±1.0) at 1 month after surgery, and to (2.6±0.9)/(15.6±1.1) at the last follow-up. The difference between them was statistically significant ( F=303.35, 126.64, P=0.00). However, the VAS score of neck pain in the Zero-p group at the last follow-up was significantly deteriorated, which was significantly higher than that in PCC group ( P<0.05). The cervical lordosis/operative segment Cobb angle in the Zero-p group was improved from preoperative (-6.7°±2.7°)/(-6.5°±3.2°) preoperatively to (14.2°±4.9°)/(12.9°±4.9°) at 1 month postoperatively, and to (5.9°±4.7°)/(5.0°±4.0°) at the last follow-up with statistical significance ( F=196.98, 179.97, P=0.00). The cervical lordosis/operative segment Cobb angle in the PCC group was improved from (-5.7°±3.5°)/(-6.1°±4.0°) preoperatively to (13.9°±6.9°)/(13.0°±6.4°) 1 month after surgery, and to (11.0°±5.5°)/(10.4°±5.6°) at the last follow-up with statistical significance ( F=127.27, 119.98, P=0.00). However, the cervical lordosis and operative segment Cobb angle at the last follow-up in the Zero-p group were significantly lost compared with those at 1 month after surgery, which were significantly smaller than those in the PCC group ( P<0.05). The incidence of dysphagia after operation was 7.7% (2/26) in the Zero-p group and 28.6% (8/28) in the PCC group (χ 2=5.11, P=0.02). Conclusion:For CSM patients with cervical kyphosis, PCC could achieve much better mid-term kyphotic correction and clinical outcomes. However, Zero-p should be avoided as much as possible.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 321-326, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of Ilizarov bone transport technique with assisted guiding pin in medullary cavity for treatment of posttraumatic bone defect of tibia.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 17 patients with post-traumatic bone defect of tibia admitted to Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University form November 2014 to March 2018.There were 13 males and 4 females, aged 19-60 years [(37.2±13.4)years]. The bone defect length was 4.6-14.0 cm [(8.6±2.8)cm] after debridement. All patients underwent treatment with Ilizarov bone transport technique. The alignment of transport bone segment was controlled by a guiding pin in medullary cavity of tibia. Bone grafts were performed to accelerate fracture healing of docking point. The wound healing, bone healing, external fixation time, external fixation index (EFI), alignment recovery were recorded. Bone healing and functional results were evaluated according to the criteria given by Association for the Study and Application of the Method of Ilizarov (ASAMI). The complication was recorded according to Paley's criteria. The physical component summary score (PCS) and mental component summary score (MCS) ware recorded according to the MOS 36-item Short-form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire and compared with the national norm to evaluate the quality of life.Results:After removal of the apparatus, follow-up period was 12-37 months [(29.9±4.4)months]. Wound healing was achieved without flap transfer. At the latest follow-up, all patients achieved bone healing without recurrent infection. External fixation time was 242-801 days [(436.5±154.6)days] and external fixation index was 35.7-60.5 d/cm [(50.6±6.2)d/cm]. The affected extremity alignment was restored in all patients except for residual angular deformity in one patient. According to ASAMI, the excellent and good rate of bony results and functional results were 88% and 94%. According to Paley's criteria, complications included 12 problems, 7 obstacles and 1 sequelae. The PCS and MCS in SF-36 questionnaire were (85.8±11.6)points and (69.6±11.1)points. Compared with the national norm [PCS: (87.6±16.8)points, MCS: (78.8±15.4)points], PCS showed no statistical difference ( P>0.05), but MCS showed statistical difference ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Ilizarov bone transport combined with intramedullary guiding pin can accelerate wound and fracture healing, control infection and restore lower limb alignment. The physical function of the affected extremity can be restored in spite of some complications and psychological effects. The technique is an effective treatment for posttraumatic bone defect of tibia.

18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 957-960,f3, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867335

ABSTRACT

Posterior lumbar interbody fusion is one of the common surgical procedures for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation, lumbar spinal stenosis, lumbar spondylolisthesis and other lumbar degenerative diseases. It has the advantages of short learning curve, complete decompression, high fusion rate and exact curative effect. It is one of the common surgical procedures in spine surgery. However, the operation is traumatic, the blood loss during and after the operation is large, and the blood transfusion rate is high, especially in the multi-stage fusion operation, which is often accompanied with different degrees of anemia, leading to the prolongation of hospital stay and rehabilitation time. With the development of perioperative blood management and a series of measures, the perioperative blood management of lumbar posterior lumbar interbody fusion is summarized as follows.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867035

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of behavioral intervention on scratching behavior of patients with senile pruritus.Methods:One hundred cases of senile pruritus were randomly divided into observation group ( n=50) and control group ( n=50). All subjects received oral antihistamine.The observation group received behavioral intervention based on the trans-theoretical model, and the control group received routine health education.Visual analogue scale (VAS), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and dermatology life quality index (DLQI) were used to compare the itching symptoms, sleep quality and quality of life of senile pruritus patients in the two groups. Results:After 6 months intervention, the change of scratching behavior in the observation group((1.96±1.54), (8.83±2.05), (10.46±2.24)) was significantly better than those in the control group((4.68±1.48), (12.89±2.02), (14.62±2.12)), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.01). Conclusion:Health intervention based on trans-theoretical model can effectively change scratching behavior, relieve itching symptoms, improve sleep quality and the quality of life of senile pruritus patients.

20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 686-690, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866894

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the level and changing trend of microparticles (MPs) in super-elderly infected patients, and explore its early warning effect on infection.Methods:The infected patients ≥ 85 years old admitted to the Second Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from December 2018 to March 2019 were selected as the observation group, and the healthy volunteers ≥ 85 years old in the same period were selected as the control group. Venous blood samples were collected at the 2nd hour, the 2nd day and the 7th day after fever, and the inflammatory markers such as white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil percentage (NEUT), C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) were measured. The levels of MPs were determined by flow cytometry. AnnexinⅤlabeled CD11b positive MPs (AnnexinⅤ +/CD11b + MPs) represented leukocyte microparticles (LMPs), and AnnexinⅤlabeled CD66b positive MPs (AnnexinⅤ +/CD66b + MPs) represented neutrophil microparticle (NMPs). The differences of each index at different time points between the two groups were compared, and the predictive value of each index to the infection of elderly patients was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:A total of 38 subjects were enrolled, including 28 cases in the observation group and 10 cases in the control group. The levels of LMPs and NMPs in the observation group increased to the peak at the 2nd hour after fever, and were significantly higher than those in the control group [LMPs (cells/μL): 55.0 (28.8, 197.2) vs. 19.0 (13.5, 28.3), NMPs (cells/μL): 226.5 (123.3, 516.5) vs. 26.5 (22.0, 48.8), both P < 0.01]. With the control of the disease, LMPs and NMPs decreased gradually. The NMPs on the 2nd day was significantly lower than that at the 2nd hour of fever [cells/μL: 106.0 (40.0, 309.0) vs. 226.5 (123.3, 516.5), P < 0.05], and the LMPs and NMPs on the 7th day were significantly lower than those on the 2nd day [LMPs (cells/μL): 17.0 (12.5, 43.8) vs. 42.0 (13.0, 117.0), NMPs (cells/μL): 30.0 (15.8, 62.0) vs. 106.0 (40.0, 309.0), both P < 0.05]. There was no significant difference in the levels of LMPs and NMPs between the two groups on the 7th day. Among the inflammatory markers, the NEUT in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group at the 2nd hour of fever (0.70±0.09 vs. 0.59±0.04, P < 0.01), but there was no significant difference in WBC, CRP and PCT between the two groups. On the 2nd day, the inflammatory markers in the observation group reached the peak and were significantly higher than those in the control group [WBC (×10 9/L): 9.33±2.44 vs. 6.37±1.28, NEUT: 0.78±0.08 vs. 0.57±0.04, CRP (mg/L): 5.67±2.99 vs. 0.33±0.18, PCT (μg/L): 0.80±0.67 vs. 0.07±0.03, all P < 0.01]. On the 7th day, the inflammatory markers in the observation group decreased significantly, and there was no significant difference between the observation group and the control group. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curve (AUC) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of LMPs and NMPs on the day of fever were higher than those of WBC, NEUT, CRP and PCT [0.888 (0.763-1.000), 0.973 (0.931-1.000) vs. 0.679 (0.346-0.811), 0.829 (0.700-0.958), 0.607 (0.404-0.811), 0.554 (0.358-0.749)]. Conclusion:LMPs and NMPs are significantly increased in the early stage of fever, which can predict the incidence of infection in the super-elderly patients.

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