Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 316
Filter
1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 106-114, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961836

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the role of structural MRI in the diagnosis of spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) and further evaluate its correlation with disease severity and disease duration. MethodsWe prospectively enrolled 81 genetically diagnosed SCA3 patients [59 symptomatic (sym-SCA3) and 22 pre-symptomatic (pre-SCA3)] and 35 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs). MRI structural images (3D T1 MPRAGE) and clinical data of all subjects were collected. Three observers with different radiological experience measured the width of the superior, middle and inferior cerebellar peduncle (SCP, MCP and ICP), the anterior-posterior diameters of the pons and spinal cord at the levels of the foramen magnum and upper edge of the 3rd-5th cervical vertebra. One observer performed the measurements again 2 months later to assess for the intra- and inter-observer reliability, respectively. One-way ANOVA, rank-sum test, ROC curve and Random Forest were used to evaluate the diagnostic value of the above metrics for SCA3, and the correlation between the metrics and clinical variables was analyzed. ResultsNot depending on the radiological experience, the metrics based on morphological MRI showed high intra- and inter-observer reliability, among which bilateral superior and middle cerebellar peduncles performed best. The diameters of bilateral SCP, MCP, ICP, pons and spinal cord (except spinal cord at the level of the upper edge of the 5th cervical vertebra) decreased successively in HCs, pre-SCA3 and sym-SCA3 with a statistical difference (P<0.017). ROC analysis revealed that the left MCP had the highest diagnostic value for pre-SCA3 (AUC=0.911), with sensitivity, specificity and a cut-off value of 85.7%, 95.5% and 10.15 mm, respectively. In contrast, the right SCP had the highest diagnostic value for sym-SCA3 (AUC=0.999), with sensitivity, specificity and a cut-off value of 100%, 98.3% and 2.62 mm, respectively. The Random Forest model based on the above metrics also had high diagnostic efficiency (AUC= 0.970, specificity=93.1%), and the left MCP contributed the most. Correlation analysis showed that the above metrics had a significantly or moderately negative correlation with the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) and disease duration (P<0.05). ConclusionNot depending on radiological experience, measurements of brain structure based on morphological MRI are reliable, which can help diagnose SCA3 and predict disease severity and duration. The left MCP and the right SCP perform best for predicting pre-SCA3 and sym-SCA3, respectively. Therefore, the structural MRI is recommended for assisting the clinical diagnosis of SCA3.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 63-69, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960706

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of clinical indices in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with concomitant minimal hepatic steatosis and related factors for minimal hepatic steatosis. Methods A total of 179 CHB patients who underwent liver biopsy in Department of Infectious Diseases, Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, from July 2018 to March 2022 were enrolled, and according to the degree of steatosis, they were divided into non-steatosis group with 98 patients and minimal hepatic steatosis group with 81 patients. Demographic information, clinical data, and liver histopathology data were collected, and related observation indices were compared between the two groups. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. A Spearman correlation analysis was performed, and a Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for minimal hepatic steatosis. Results Compared with the non-steatosis group, the minimal hepatic steatosis group had a significantly higher proportion of male patients (69.1% vs 52.0%, χ 2 =5.390, P < 0.05) and a significantly higher proportion of patients with significant liver fibrosis (43.2% vs 25.5%, χ 2 =6.234, P < 0.05). Compared with the non-steatosis group, the minimal hepatic steatosis group had significantly higher levels of body mass index (BMI) (23.61±2.95 kg/m 2 vs 22.13±2.67 kg/m 2 , t =-4.150, P < 0.05), uric acid (UA) [333.0(291.0-375.5) μmol/L vs 287.5(244.8-345.3) μmol/L, Z =-3.620, P < 0.05], triglyceride [0.92 (0.66-1.14) μmol/L vs 0.77 (0.62-1.02) μmol/L, Z =-2.224, P < 0.05], and controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) [234 (214-258) dB/m vs 218 (201-237) dB/m, Z =-2.867, P < 0.05]. In the group with normal body weight, the patients with minimal hepatic steatosis had significantly higher levels of UA (333.0±63.9 μmol/L vs 291.0±72.8 μmol/L, t =-2.395, P < 0.05) a nd HBV DNA [4.44 (3.51-6.79) log 10 IU/mL vs 3.42 (3.00-5.03) log 10 IU/mL, Z =-2.474, P < 0.05]. BMI (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.223, 95% confidence interval [ CI ] : 1.086-1.378, P =0.001) and UA ( OR =1.006, 95% CI : 1.002-1.010, P =0.008) were risk factors for minimal hepatic steatosis in CHB patients, and UA ( OR =1.007, 95% CI : 1.001-1.013, P =0.022) was a risk factors for minimal hepatic steatosis in CHB patients with normal body weight. Conclusion Compared with the non-steatosis CHB patients, the CHB patients with minimal hepatic steatosis have a significantly higher proportion of patients with significant liver fibrosis and a significantly higher level of CAP. BMI and UA are independent risk factors for minimal hepatic steatosis in CHB patients, and for the CHB patients with normal body weight, elevated UA is closely associated with the onset of minimal hepatic steatosis.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 300-310, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970466

ABSTRACT

As one of the most frequent complications of diabetes, diabetic neuropathy often involves peripheral and central nervous systems. Neuroinflammation is the key pathogenic factor of secondary nerve injury in diabetes. NOD-like receptor pyrin domain-containing 3(NLRP3) inflammasome is a group of subcellular multiprotein complexes, including NLRP3, apoptosis associated speck-like protein(ASC), and pro-cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 1(pro-caspase-1). NLRP3 inflammasome is an inducer of innate immune responses. Its activation stimulates the inflammatory cascade reaction, promotes the release of inflammatory mediators, triggers cell death and uncontrolled autophagy, activates glial cells, facilitates peripheral immune cell infiltration, and initiates amyoid β(Aβ)-tau cascade reactions. As a result, it contributes to the central nerve, somatic nerve, autonomic nerve, and retinal nerve cell damage secondary to diabetes. Therefore, due to its key role in the neuroinflammation responses of the body, NLRP3 inflammasome may provide new targets for the treatment of diabetic neuropathy. With multi-target and low-toxicity advantages, traditional Chinese medicine plays a vital role in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy. Accumulating evidence has shown that traditional Chinese medicine exerts curative effects on diabetic neuropathy possibly through regulating NLRP3 inflammasome. Although the role of NLRP3 inflammasome in diabetes and related complications has been investigated in the literature, systematical studies on drugs and mechanism analysis for secondary neuropathy are still lacking. In this article, the role of NLRP3 inflammasome in diabetic neuropathy was explored, and the research progress on traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy through NLRP3 inflammasome was reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammasomes/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Diabetic Neuropathies/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Inflammation , Diabetes Mellitus
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 639-645, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965637

ABSTRACT

The composition of intestinal microflora is closely related to the occurrence and development of colorectal cancer (CRC). Among them, Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) has been proved directly related to the recurrence, metastasis and chemotherapy resistance of CRC. Therefore, it is of great significance for the prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer by the exploration potential anti-Fn drug targets and discovery small molecule drugs. However, no selective anti-Fn small molecule inhibitors have been reported so far as well as their anti-Fn thereby "anti-Fn further anticancer" mechanisms are unclear. Herein, this article reviews the potential therapeutic targets and small molecule ligands of Fn in order to provide a reference for the development of anti-Fn and anti-CRC small molecule drugs.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 629-638, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965620

ABSTRACT

Protein-protein interaction (PPI) plays an important role in the regulation of life. Most of the PPI interfaces are large and discontinuous, and it is difficult for small molecules to specifically bind to them. Peptides are critical in PPI surface interactions due to their higher affinity and specificity. However, peptides have some defects such as easy hydrolysis by protease and poor membrane permeability. Due to good biocompatibility and chemical diversity, cyclic peptides play an important role in drug discovery. Therefore, the development of efficient cyclic peptide construction methods has become a frontier issue in peptide drug research. In recent years, a series of new progresses have been made in the synthesis strategy and the application of cyclic peptides, providing powerful technical tools for the research and development of cyclic peptide drugs. In this review, the synthesis strategies of cyclic peptides and their application will be reviewed from four aspects: synthesis strategies, property improvement, biological activity and prospect.

6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 133-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971285

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the safety and efficacy of reinforced radiculoplasty in the treatment of symptomatic sacral Tarlov cysts (TCs).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data and follow-up data of 71 patients with symptomatic sacral TCs who underwent reinforced radiculoplasty in the Neurosurgery Department of Peking University Third Hospital from June 2018 to March 2021. All the operations were performed under neuroelectrophysiological monitoring. Intraoperative cyst exploration, partial resection of the cyst wall, narrowing of the leak, nerve root sleeve radiculoplasty and artificial dural reinforcement were performed. The incidence of postoperative complications and new neurological dysfunction was analyzed. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to assess the changes of pain before and after surgery. The Japanese Orthopedics Association (JOA) low back pain score was used to evaluate the changes in nerve function before and after surgery.@*RESULTS@#In the study, 71 patients had 101 TCs, 19 (18.8%) TCs originated from the left S1 nerve, 26 (25.7%) originated from the left S2 nerve, 3 (3.0%) originated from the left S3 nerve, 14 (13.9%) originated from the right S1 nerve, 33 (32.7%) originated from the right S2 nerve, 6 (5.9%) originated from the right S3 nerve, all the TCs underwent reinforced radiculoplasty. Deep infection (1 case), subcutaneous effusion (1 case), fat li-quefaction (1 case) and urinary tract infection (4 cases) were recorded postoperatively. The patients were followed up for 12-43 months (median, 26 months). Two cases had new urinary retention after operation, and the catheter was removed at the end of the first and second months respectively. One case had new fecal weakness, which improved after 3 months. Compared with preoperation, VAS decreased significantly at the last follow-up [median, 6 (4-9) vs. 1 (0-5), Z=-7.272, P < 0.001], JOA score increased significantly [median, 20 (16-25) vs. 27 (18-29), Z=-7.265, P < 0.001]. There were 18 cured cases (25.4%), 41 excellent cases (57.7%), 8 effective cases (11.3%), and 4 invalid cases (5.6%). The total efficiency was 94.4% (67/71). Two (1.98%) cysts recurred.@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with symptomatic sacral TCs, reinforced radiculoplasty can significantly improve the pain and nerve function, which is safe and reliable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tarlov Cysts/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/complications , Cysts/surgery , Pain
7.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 261-272, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005079

ABSTRACT

Rare diseases are characterized by extremely low incidence rate and small number of patients in total. The drugs used to treat rare diseases are called orphan drugs. Currently, 450 kinds of rare skin diseases have been identified, most of which lack in effective treatments. Supported by the policy-making from the country and pushed by all sectors of the society, drugs for rare skin diseases have been emerging continuously recently in China. This paper reviews the current accessibility of the orphan drugs for skin rare diseases that have been approved in China and in other countries and regions for a better understanding of rare dermatosis and orphan drugs for the diseases.

8.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 153-156, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005069

ABSTRACT

There are many kinds of rare skin diseases, but the research into the diagnosis and treatment of rare skin diseases is relatively scarce. In recent years, the rare skin diseases team has made a series of accomplishments, including establishing the professional committee of Rare Skin Disease Committee of China Alliance for Rare Diseases, establishing China's first Medical Care Alliance for Rare Skin Diseases, launching two national collaborative projects, promoting the project of improving the diagnosis and treatment of rare diseases supported by the Central Special Lottery public welfare Fund, exploring the multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment model of skin rare diseases, holding academic conferences, and compiling professional books on rare skin diseases. In the future, we will further improve the remote consultation model of rare skin diseases, develop artificial intelligence assisted diagnosis system of rare skin diseases, carry out high-quality clinical research, and improve the overall diagnosis and treatment level of rare skin diseases in China, for the sake of benefiting more patients.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2180-2192, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999151

ABSTRACT

Cancer seriously threatens human life and health, it is urgent for the development of rapid detection, precise localization and effective treatment of tumors. Chemical fluorescent probes that are sensitive to tumor-specific microenvironments have important significance in tumor theranostics and a variety of such probes have been developed. In this review, we classified chemical fluorescent probes that are sensitive to tumor microenvironments according to biological characteristics and microenvironmental changes while combining spectroscopy or response mechanisms, and systematically introduced the research progress of chemical fluorescent probes with sensitivity to hypoxia, low polarity, high viscosity, abnormal pH values and abundant reactive oxygen species in tumor microenvironments, in order to provide references for the development and applications of these probes.

10.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 366-374, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the appropriate pretreatment methods for single cell RNA sequencing of airway aspirate cells.Methods:Four fresh airway aspirate specimens were collected from four patients with acute respiratory tract infections. These specimens were digested with airway aspirate digester and prepared into single cell suspension. The cells were used for library construction directly (DE), or fixed with 10×Genomics Chromium Next GEM Single Cell Fixed RNA Sample Preparation Kit and then mixed to construct the library (DF), or cryopreserved, thawed, fixed (FF) before mixed to construct the library. All three methods were treated with oil emulsion using 10 4 cells and subjected to single-cell sequencing using the 10×Genomics platform. The number of obtained cells, data quality, annotated cell types and expression of marker genes were analyzed. Differences in the expression of highly variable genes (HVGs) of the same cell subsets obtained by the three pretreatment methods were compared using Pearson correlation. Expression of the differentially expressed genes in the same cell subpopulation obtained by different pretreatment methods was also compared. The correlation of the expression of differentially expressed genes between the same cell subsets obtained by the three pretreatment methods was analyzed by Pearson correlation. Results:The median numbers of single cells obtained using DE, FF and DF methods were 2 733, 1 140 and 5 897 ( P>0.05). The unique molecular identifiers were higher than 500. The median numbers of genes obtained using the three methods were 801, 887 and 1 259 ( P>0.05). The cells with novelty score over 0.8 accounted for 99%, 87% and 93%, respectively. There were nine cell subsets obtained by the three methods, including squamous cells, secretory cells, ciliated cells, T cells, B cells, macrophages, plasma cells and neutrophils. DF and FF methods could obtain more basal cells with specific high expression of keratin 5 than DE method. The differentially expressed and highly variable genes in the same cell subsets obtained by the three pretreatment methods showed high consistency in their expression with a significant correlation ( P<0.001). Conclusions:Under the same sequencing data volume, the quality of data obtained from fixed airway aspirate single-cell suspensions using the method of probe hybridization and transcriptome sequencing was comparable to that obtained directly from fresh cells. This method was more suitable for the pretreatment of clinical samples used for single-cell RNA sequencing.

11.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 864-870, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994906

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the reference values of stimulation single fiber electromyography (SFEMG) in orbicularis oculi, and to explore its sensitivity in repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) negative ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG) patients, and the relationship between jitter and various clinical parameters.Methods:Thirty-two healthy volunteers were included to establish the reference value of normal controls from January 2019 to December 2019. From December 2019 to January 2023, 36 OMG patients with negative RNS were collected. Quantitative MG score (QMGS) was performed, neostigmine test and antibody titers as well as thymus CT results were recorded. One side of the orbicularis oculi muscle was tested with a disposable concentric needle electrode in stimulation SFEMG, and the mean consecutive difference (MCD) value was calculated, which was compared with the average MCD value and upper limit of individual values in normal controls to evaluate whether the jitter was abnormal. Spearman correlation analysis of abnormal mean MCD values with QMGS and antibody titer was conducted.Results:Among the 32 healthy volunteers, there were 13 males and 19 females, the age was (46.8 ±18.7) years, and the MCD was (19.0 ±4.4) μs. The upper limit of the reference value was 27.7 μs for average MCD, and 37.4 μs for 10% individual values. Among 36 OMG patients negative at RNS tests, 20 were male and 16 were female, with a age of (37.2 ±17.0) years. The MCD was (29.9 ±14.7) μs, and Jitter was abnormal in 29 patients (81%). Among them, 20 (20/25) patients were antibody positive, 6 (6/26) patients had thymic hyperplasia, and 7 (7/26) patients had thymoma. The QMGS was 3(2, 4). There were 7 patients (19%) with normal jitter, whose QMGS was 3(2, 4). Among the patients with normal Jitter, 5 (5/5) patients were antibody positive, 2 (2/6) patients had thymic hyperplasia. There was no statistically significant difference in clinical indicators between the two groups of patients with abnormal or normal jitter. There was no significant correlation in antibody titer or QMGS with abnormal mean MCD value. Conclusions:The upper limit of the mean MCD value in the normal controls is 27.7 μs. The upper limit of a single value is 37.4 μs. Its sensitivity for OMG patients with RNS negative is 81%, and the abnormal mean MCD value does not show a significant correlation with various clinical indicators. Abnormal jitter indicates dysfunction of neuromuscular junction transmission, which is an important neuroelectrophysiological indicator for MG patients and is suitable for RNS negative patients. Orbicularis oculi muscle stimulation SFEMG provides a reliable and sensitive electrophysiological means for functional evaluation of neuromuscular junction.

12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 837-842, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980804

ABSTRACT

In order to promote the application of WFAS standard, General Requirements for the Risk Control in the Safe Use of Acupuncture and the safe practice of acupuncture technology worldwide, the paper introduces the developing process and main contents of this standard, explains the developing purpose, scope, ideas, methods and basis, and analyzes the definition of the relevant terms. Through strictly complied with the development procedure of standard, the terms related to acupuncture risk in this standard are defined. The connotations of 5 special terms are clarified, i.e. "acupuncture risks" "adverse events of acupuncture" "adverse reactions of acupuncture" "acupuncture accidents" and "acupuncture negligence". The range, rank, control flow and source of risk, as well as the control measures are determined. The standard extracts the underlying common problems and basic requirement of the safe practice of acupuncture so as to lay a framework for the development of the relevant technical standards of acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Records
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1409-1414, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928067

ABSTRACT

Baimai is a complex of structure and function with the characteristics of wide distribution, complex structure, and multi-dimensional functions. Baimai, consisting of the channels in brain, the internal hidden channels connecting the viscera, and the external channels linking the limbs, governs the sensory, motor, and information transmission functions of human. According to Tibetan medicine, Baimai functions via "Long"(Qi) which moves in Baimai. "Long" is rough, light, cold, tiny, hard, and dynamic. The dysfunction of Baimai is manifested as numbness, swelling and pain, stiffness, atrophy, contracture, disability, hyperactivity, etc. The clinical manifestations of Baimai disease are facial paralysis, limb numbness, hemiplegia, contracture and rigidity, pain, opistho-tonos, paralysis, unconsciousness, head tremor, aphasia and tongue stiffness, and other abnormalities in facial consciousness, limb movement, and tactile sensation. Baimai Ointment for external use is used for the treatment of Baimai disease. It is mainly composed of medicinals which are spicy and bitter, warm, soft, mild, heavy, moist, and stable, and thus it is effective for the rough, light, cold, tiny, hard, and dynamic "Long" of Baimai disease. In clinical practice, it is mainly used for musculoskeletal diseases, such as osteoarthritis, scapulohumeral periarthritis, cervical spondylosis, low back pain, myofascitis, and tenosynovitis, nervous system diseases, such as paralysis and shoulder-hand syndrome, and limb stiffness caused by stroke, spastic cerebral palsy, trigeminal neuralgia, and facial neuritis, and limb motor and sensory dysfunction caused by trauma. According to the main symptoms of Baimai disease such as stiffness, rigidity, contraction, numbness, sensory disturbance and pain, clinicians should apply the Baimai Ointment via the inunction treatment of Tibetan medicine and in combination with Huo'ermai therapy and physiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Edema , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Pain
14.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 161-168,C2, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929988

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors related to distant metastasis in patients with early breast cancer who undergoing endoscopic nipple-areola-sparing subcutaneous gland resection.Methods:A retrospective analysis was used to select 402 patients with early breast cancer from January 2012 to January 2016. According to the breast cancer metastasis within 5 years after surgery, the patients were divided into the metastasis group ( n=37) and the control group ( n=365). Metastasis group refers to patients with breast cancer metastasis within 5 years after surgery, and control group refers to patients without breast cancer metastasis within 5 years after surgery. The age, family history of breast cancer, breast cancer stage, location of lesion, number of lesions, diameter of tumor, histopathological type, histological grade, molecular classification, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis site, number of distant metastasis, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, axillary operation, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cancer antigen 125 (CA125), cancer antigen 153 (CA153), cancer antigen 199 (CA199), postoperative extubation time, drainage amount, postoperative subcutaneous effusion, flap necrosis, incision infection, poor incision healing, dyskinesia of affected limbs, length of hospital stay were compared between the two groups. Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s), and t-test was used for comparison between groups; Chi-square test was used for comparison of enumeration data between groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent risk factors of distant metastasis undergoing endoscopic nipple-areola-sparing subcutaneous gland resection in patients with early breast cancer. Using SPSS decision tree model to predict the intensity and hierarchical nodes of each risk factor. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) were drawn using R 4.0.2 software, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was used to validate stratified nodes for continuous variables. Results:Multivariate Logisitic regression analysis showed that age < 40 years ( OR=2.715, 95% CI: 2.349-3.168, P=0.002), lymph node metastasis ( OR=2.604, 95% CI: 2.413-2.825, P=0.009), histological grade G3 ( OR=2.473, 95% CI: 2.331-2.701, P=0.007), CEA ≥ 4.10 ng/mL ( OR=2.481, 95% CI: 2.357-2.616, P=0.003) and CA153 ≥ 18.90 U/mL ( OR=2.467, 95% CI: 2.344-2.620, P=0.002) were independent risk factors for distant metastasis after endoscopic nipple-areola-sparing subcutaneous gland resection in patients with early breast cancer. The decision tree model showed that age < 40 years ( χ2=16.18, P<0.001), lymph node metastasis ( χ2=9.53, P=0.002), histological grade G3 ( χ2=11.73, P<0.001), CEA ≥ 4.10 ng/mL ( χ2=13.62, P=0.001) and CA153 ≥ 18.90 U/mL ( χ2=7.39, P=0.010) could predict distant metastasis after endoscopic nipple-areola-sparing subcutaneous gland resection in patients with early breast cancer.The AUC values of ROC curves of each node were 0.814, 0.789, 0.761, 0.696 and 0.745 respectively, the sensitivity were 84.35%, 74.96%, 79.35%, 71.59% and 73.10% respectively, and the specificity were 80.16%, 77.55%, 76.54%, 70.32% and 76.83%, respectively. The prediction performance of the model was good. Conclusion:Age < 40 years, lymph node metastasis, histological grade G3, CEA ≥ 4.10 ng/mL and CA153 ≥ 18.90 U/mL are independent risk factors for distant metastasis after endoscopic nipple-areola-sparing subcutaneous gland resection in early breast cancer patients.

15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1082-1088, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941045

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of salt-inducible kinase 2 (SIK2) in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in rats.@*METHODS@#Fifteen male SD rats were randomized equally into sham operation group, myocardial IR model group, and SIK2 inhibitor group (in which the rats were treated with intravenous injection of 10 mg/kg bosutinib via the left femoral vein 24 h before modeling). Ultrasound was used to detect the cardiac function of the rats, and myocardial pathologies were observed with HE staining. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe autophagy of myocardial cells, and Western blotting was performed to detect the contents of the autophagy-related proteins SIK2, LC3B, Beclin-1, p62 and the expressions of p-mTOR, mTOR, p-ULK1, and ULK1 in myocardial tissue.@*RESULTS@#Myocardial IR injury significantly increased the number of autophagosomes (P < 0.05) and the expression of SIK2 protein (P < 0.01) in the myocardial tissues. Treatment with bosutinib before modeling obviously lowered the expression of SIK2 protein (P < 0.01), alleviated myocardial pathologies, and reduced the number of autophagosomes (P < 0.05) in the myocardial tissue. The rats with myocardial IR injury showed obviously lowered LVEF and FS values (P < 0.001), which were significantly improved by bosutinib treatment (P < 0.05); no significant difference was detected in IVSDd or LVPWDd among the 3 groups (P > 0.05). Myocardial IR injury obviously increased the expressions of LC3-II/LC3-I and Beclin-1 proteins and lowered the expression of p62 protein (P < 0.01), and these changes were significantly rescued by bosutinib treatment (P < 0.05). The rat models of myocardial IR injury showed significantly increased expression of p-ULK1 (Ser757) (P < 0.01) and lowered expression of p-mTOR protein (P < 0.0001) in the myocardium, and these changes were obviously reversed by bosutinib (P < 0.01 or 0.05); there was no significant difference in mTOR and ULK1 expressions among the 3 groups (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#SIK2 may promote autophagy through the mTOR/ULK1 signaling pathway, and inhibiting SIK2 can reduce abnormal autophagy and alleviate myocardial IR injury in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Autophagy , Autophagy-Related Protein-1 Homolog/metabolism , Beclin-1/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
16.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 315-319, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936153

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and key technology of microscopic resection of lumbar intraspinal tumor through microchannel keyhole approach.@*METHODS@#The clinical features, imaging characteristics and surgical methods of 54 cases of lumbar intraspinal tumor which were microscopically operated by microchannel from February 2017 to September 2019 were reviewed and analyzed. There were 8 cases of extradural tumor, 3 cases of extra-and intradural tumor and 43 cases of subdural extramedullary tumor (including 3 cases of ventral spinal tumor). The tumors were 0.5-3.0 cm in diameter. The clinical symptoms included 49 cases of pain in the corresponding innervation area, 5 cases of sensory disturbance (numbness) at or below the tumor segment, 7 cases of limb weakness and 2 cases of urination and defecation dysfunction.@*RESULTS@#In the study, 37 tumors were resected through hemilaminectomy, 14 tumors were resected through interlaminar fenestration, 3 tumors were resected through hemilaminectomy or interlaminar fenestration combined with facetectomy of medial 1/4 facet. All of the 54 tumors were totally resected. The operation time was 75-135 min, with an average of 93.3 min. The postoperative hospital stay was 4-7 days, with an average of 5.7 days. Postoperative pathology included 34 cases of schwannoma, 4 cases of meningioma, 9 cases of ependymoma, 1 case of enterogenous cyst, 5 cases of teratoma/epidermoid/dermoid cyst, and 1 case of paraganglioma. No infection or cerebrospinal fluid leakage was found after operation. No neurological dysfunction occurred except 1 case of urination dysfunction and 4 cases of limb numbness. The follow-up period ranged from 3 to 33 months with an average of 14.4 months. Five patients with new onset symptoms returned to normal. The pain symptoms of 49 patients were completely relieved; 4 of 5 patients with hypoesthesia recovered completely, the other 1 patient had residual mild hypoesthesia; 7 patients with limb weakness, and 2 patients with urination and defecation dysfunction recovered to normal. No spinal instability or deformity was found, and no recurrence or residual tumors were found. According to McCormick classification, they were of all grade Ⅰ.@*CONCLUSION@#The lumbar intraspinal extramedullary tumors within two segments (including the ventral spinal tumors) can be totally resected at stage Ⅰ through microchannel keyhole approach with appropriate selection of the cases. Microchannel technique is beneficial to preserve the normal structure and muscle attachment of lumbar spine, and to maintain the integrity and stability of lumbar spine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypesthesia , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Meningeal Neoplasms , Pain , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Neoplasms/surgery , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1028-1033, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956948

ABSTRACT

Objective:In Shanghai Advanced Proton Therapy Facility (SAPT) of Ruijin Hospital Proton Therapy Center, the calculation accuracy of the commercial proton treatment planning system RayStation (V10), especially the accuracy of the proton range calculation, was measured and verified, aiming to provide reference for the clinical application of the treatment planning system.Methods:A head phantom was used to verify the calculation accuracy of RayStation. The phantom CT was imported into treatment planning system (TPS). The phantom was followed closely by a water tank with a one-liter cubic target. A single field verification plan with the prescribed dose of 200 cGy (relative biological effectiveness) was designed and implemented. Then, the measured distribution results were compared with the calculation results.Results:When the verification plan of the phantom was designed with the default settings of RayStation, the measured longitudinal dose distribution was approximately 4 mm deeper than that of TPS, indicating that RayStation overestimated the water equivalent thickness (WET) of the tissue substitute materials in the phantom. To study the range error, the actual beam was used to measure the WET of the soft tissue substitute material. The default setting of RayStation was fine-tuned according to the measured results. It was found that the error between the measured SOBP and TPS calculations was reduced to only 2 mm.Conclusions:Using the default setting of RayStation to calculate the stopping power of the phantom may cause a large range error. A method that combines tissue segmentation with the measured WET of the tissue substitute material is proposed to improve the range calculation accuracy of the TPS. The results show that the proposed method can improve the dose and range accuracy of the commercial TPS including RayStation for tissue substitute materials.

18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1270-1273, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956290

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are a kind of non-specific inflammatory disease that occurs in gastrointestinal tract. Abnormal immune regulation is a key factor in its pathogenesis. The acquired immune regulation is mediated by helper T cells (Th), which is reported to play an important role in the pathogenesis of IBD. Th17 is a subtype of CD4 + T cells that could specifically produce interleukin-17 (IL-17) and other related cytokines. In this paper, we review the immune modulation of Th17 and its related cytokines in IBD.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 622-626, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the quality, content and feasibility of health information on breast cancer treatment in Chinese websites, for reference in standardizing online health information.Methods:In January 2022, three Chinese search engines, namely Baidu, Sogou and Haosou, were used to search with " breast cancer" and " breast cancer treatment" as keywords. The first 50 links identified by each engine were accessed to screen breast cancer treatment health information websites. Subsequently, the DISCERN scoring tool was adopted to evaluate the quality of health information on the websites(16 items). The information content(10 items)assessment was conducted by referring to the " Guidelines and Specifications for Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment of the Chinese Anti-Cancer Association(2019 Edition)". The feasibility of website health information was evaluated with Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool(PEMAT).Results:A total of 19 websites were included, and their service mode was mainly active information service(14 websites). The overall scoring for the quality of health information about breast cancer treatment was 2.0, with the highest score of " clarity of purpose" (3.4). According to the assessment results of information content, these websites were divided into 4 grades: excellent(3), good(11), fair(3), and poor(2). All the websites contained the information on clinical manifestations, etiology, examination and treatment of breast cancer. The overall feasibility of website health information was 44.5%, indicating incomplete feasibility.Conclusions:The Chinese website′s health information on breast cancer treatment is poor in quality and implementation. Hence, it′s urgent to further improve and standardize online health information, establishing a unified evaluation standard and actively exploring the new mode of " Internet+ Medical" service.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3493-3507, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922810

ABSTRACT

During the traumatic brain injury (TBI), improved expression of circulatory miR-21 serves as a diagnostic feature. Low levels of exosome-miR-21 in the brain can effectively improve neuroinflammation and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, reduce nerve apoptosis, restore neural function and ameliorate TBI. We evaluated the role of macrophage derived exosomes-miR-21 (M-Exos-miR-21) in disrupting BBB, deteriorating TBI, and Rg1 interventions. IL-1

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL