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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 708-713, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909389

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) and high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) on the prognosis of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) accompanied with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted in Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology when authors worked as medical team members for treating COVID-19. COVID-19 patients with pulse oxygen saturation/fraction of inspiration oxygen (SpO 2/FiO 2, S/F) ratio < 235, managed by medical teams [using S/F ratio instead of oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2) to diagnose ARDS] from February to April 2020 were included. The patients were divided into NIPPV group and HFNC group according to their oxygen therapy modes. Clinical data of patients were collected, including general characteristics, respiratory rate (RR), fraction of FiO 2, SpO 2, heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), S/F ratio in the first 72 hours, lymphocyte count (LYM), percentage of lymphocyte (LYM%) and white blood cell count (WBC) at admission and discharge or death, the duration of dyspnea before NIPPV and HFNC, and the length from onset to admission. The differences of intubation rate, all-cause mortality, S/F ratio and RR were analyzed, and single factor analysis and generalized estimation equation (GEE) were used to analyze the risk factors affecting S/F ratio. Results:Among the 41 patients, the proportion of males was high (68.3%, 28 cases), the median age was 68 (58-74) years old, 28 cases had complications (68.3%), and 34 cases had multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS, 82.9%). Compared with HFNC group, the proportion of complications in NIPPV group was higher [87.5% (21/24) vs. 41.2% (7/17), P < 0.05], and the value of LYM% was lower [5.3% (3.4%-7.8%) vs. 10.0% (3.9%-19.7%), P < 0.05], the need of blood purification was also significantly lower [0% (0/24) vs. 29.4% (5/17), P < 0.05]. The S/F ratio of NIPPV group gradually increased after 2 hours treatment and RR gradually decreased with over time, S/F ratio decreased and RR increased in HFNC group compared with baseline, but there was no significant difference in S/F ratio between the two groups at each time point. RR in NIPPV group was significantly higher than that in HFNC group after 2 hours treatment [time/min: 30 (27-33) vs. 24 (21-27), P < 0.05]. There was no significant difference in rate need intubation and hospital mortality between NIPPV group and HFNC group [66.7% (16/24) vs. 70.6% (12/17), 58.3% (14/24) vs. 52.9% (9/17), both P > 0.05]. Analysis of the factors affecting the S/Fratio in the course of oxygen therapy showed that the oxygen therapy mode and the course of illness at admission were the factors affecting the S/F ratio of patients [ β values were -15.827, 1.202, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were -29.102 to -2.552 and 0.247-2.156, P values were 0.019 and 0.014, respectively]. Conclusion:Compared with HFNC, NIPPV doesn't significantly reduce the intubation rate and mortality of patients with COVID-19 accompanied with ARDS, but it significantly increases the S/F ratio of those patients.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3493-3507, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922810

ABSTRACT

During the traumatic brain injury (TBI), improved expression of circulatory miR-21 serves as a diagnostic feature. Low levels of exosome-miR-21 in the brain can effectively improve neuroinflammation and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, reduce nerve apoptosis, restore neural function and ameliorate TBI. We evaluated the role of macrophage derived exosomes-miR-21 (M-Exos-miR-21) in disrupting BBB, deteriorating TBI, and Rg1 interventions. IL-1

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922256

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationship between salt-inducible kinase 2 (SIK2) and lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer patients complicated with chronic schistosomiasis. Tissue specimens were collected from 363 patients who were diagnosed as colorectal cancer by clinical and pathological examination in Wuhu Second People's Hospital from June 2015 to June 2020. Fifty-six patients were colorectal cancer complicated with schistosomiasis (CRC-S) and 307 patients were colorectal cancer not complicated with schistosomiasis (CRC-NS). The clinical and pathological data of the patients were analyzed to explore the relationship between chronic schistosomiasis and colorectal cancer. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were used to detect the distribution and expression of SIK2 in colorectal cancer specimens. The relationship between SIK2 and lymph node metastasis of CRC-S was analyzed. The rate of lymph node metastasis in CRC-S group was significantly higher than that in CRC-NS group (62.5% vs. 47.2%, <0.05). In CRC-S patients with lymph node metastasis, schistosome eggs were distributed mainly in tumor tissues (25/35, 71.4%), while in patients with CRC-S without lymph node metastasis, schistosome eggs were distributed mainly in paracancerous tissues (17/21, 81.0%) (14.243, <0.01). The SIK2 was mainly located in cytosol, and its expression in tumor tissues was higher than that in paracancerous tissues. Compared with CRC-NS patients, the expression of SIK2 in CRC-S patients was significantly increased; the expression of SIK2 in patients with lymph node metastasis was higher than that in patients without lymph node metastasis; and the expression of SIK2 in patients with schistosome eggs in cancer tissues was higher than that in patients with schistosome eggs in paracancerous tissues (all <0.01). Lymph node metastasis is more likely to be occurred in colorectal cancer patients with schistosomiasis, especially in those with schistosome eggs in tumor tissues. The expression of SIK2 may be correlated with chronic schistosomiasis, egg distribution and lymphatic metastasis.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Colorectal Neoplasms/complications , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Schistosomiasis/complications
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921553

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the suitable services of telemedicine at present and the future from the perspective of medical service supplier,clarify the challenges in the development of telemedicine services at present,and provide evidence-based suggestions for improving the quality of telemedicine services. Methods A questionnaire was developed through literature review for the survey of telemedicine services from the perspective of service providers.From January to June in 2020,electronic questionnaires were collected from volunteers.The data were collated and analyzed by Excel 2010 and SPSS 21.0. Results A total of 614 questionnaires were distributed,and 582 effective questionnaires were collected,which showed an effective rate of 94.79%.The participants of this study were mainly young healthcare workers,including doctors,nurses,technicians,and medical students.Among them,68.73% expressed concern to telemedicine services-related work,and more than 50% only had a basic understanding of the related work.The top five developable telemedicine/healthcare services were health management,online consultation,disease re-examination,disease screening,and difficult disease consultation,which were basically consistent with the services suitable for future development. Conclusions Healthcare workers have a high degree of recognition to the development of telemedicine services,while their understanding of the related technologies remains to be improved.The available telemedicine services focus on online consultation,difficult disease consultation,and disease re-examination,while the complicated medical services need to be improved.In the future,efforts should be made to continuously improve the information construction level and narrow the regional gap of medical services,so as to promote the continuous improvement and the coordinated development of medical services between regions.


Subject(s)
Hospitals , Humans , Internet , Referral and Consultation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telemedicine
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of circular arch device and dressing device on the secretion of collagen, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-1), transforming growth factor (TGF-β) of fibroblasts in the treated skin, and to explore the changes and mechanisms.Methods:The animals were purchased from the Southern Medical University Laboratory Animal Center. Using the established animal model, 54 mice were randomly divided into three groups: 18 mice each group, including control group, dressing device group and and circular arch device group. At the first, third and fifth day after negative pressure suction treatment, dermal thickness and density of collagen levels were and eosin staining, collagen level in local skin was determined using spectrophotometry, and MMP-1 and TGF-β levels were determined using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.Results:Dermal thickness level was increased significantly in negative suction treated groups [after 5 days of treatment, control group: (71±8) μm; circular arch device group: (351±9) μm; dressing device group: (267±12) μm, P< 0.05]. Compared with the control group, collagen level in the dermis was significantly higher in circular arch device groups [after 5 days of treatment, control group: (30.9±4.3) mg/g; circular arch device group: (72.7±3.6) mg/g, P< 0.05]. TGF-β level in circular arch device treated group was increasing gradually, and markedly higher than that in the dressing device group and the control group [after 5 days of treatment, control group: (0.24±0.1) ng/ml; circular arch device group: (0.78±0.08) ng/ml; dressing device group: (0.39±0.18) ng/ml, P< 0.05], while MMP-1 level was decreasing. In addition, TGF-β and MMP-1 levels in the dressing device treated group remained stable during the entire experiment. Conclusions:The interface of the circular arch negative pressure suction device can effectively activate the fibroblasts, promote the secretion of TGF-β and collagen, and thicken the skin tissue.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the quality of information about bronchial asthma in Chinese Internet Site.Methods:According to the traffic ranking of Alexa website, three Chinese keywords of “bronchial asthma”, “asthma” and “asthma treatment” were searched in two most common Chinese search engines: Baidu and Sohu, and the information quality was evaluated by DISCERN tool. The completeness and accuracy of the information were evaluated according to the “2019 Global Strategy For Asthma Management And Prevention”.Results:A total of 25 websites were obtained. The DISCERN evaluation showed that none of the evaluations had an average score of more than 3.40 points. More than 50% of the information on the websites was incomplete or incorrect, and 4% of the websites contained incorrect information. The website content scores were graded, and the grading results were: excellent 12%, good 40%, fair 36%, poor 12%. The website was evaluated according to the attributes of the owner. Professional websites had better accuracy and comprehensive websites had better comprehensiveness. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the content score was positively correlated with the reliability score, detail score, and total score in DISCERN score ( r=0.58, 0.63, 0.61, all P<0.001). Conclusion:The quality of asthma information on Chinese Internet Site is generally poor.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887762

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to compare and analyze the consistency and difference between metageno-mic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) and conventional bacterial culture in the detection of pathogenic microorganisms in maxillofacial space infection, as well as to provide a new detection method for the early clinical identification of pathogenic bacteria in maxillofacial space infection.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 16 patients with oral and maxillofacial space infections in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from March 2020 to June 2020 were collected. mNGS and conventional bacterial culture methods were used to detect pus. We then analyzed and compared the test results of the two methods, including the test cycle, positive detection rate, anaerobic bacteria, facultative anaerobes and aerobic bacteria detection rates, distribution of pathogenic bacteria, relative species abundance, and resistance genes.@*RESULTS@#The average inspection period of mNGS was (18.81±3.73) h, and the average inspection period of bacterial culture was (83.25±11.64) h, the former was shorter than the latter (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with conventional bacterial culture, mNGS has the characteristics of short test time, high sensitivity, and high accuracy. Thus, it is a new detection method for the early identification of pathogenic bacteria in maxillofacial space infection and is beneficial to the early clinical diagnosis and treatment of the disease.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Metagenomics , Sensitivity and Specificity , Technology
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2054-2065, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887637

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Nuclear Dbf2-related (NDR1) kinase is a member of the NDR/LATS family, which was a supplementary of Hippo pathway. However, whether NDR1 could inhibit glioblastoma (GBM) growth by phosphorylating Yes-associated protein (YAP) remains unknown. Meanwhile, the role of NDR1 in GBM was not clear. This study aimed to investigate the role of NDR1-YAP pathway in GBM.@*METHODS@#Bioinformation analysis and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were performed to identify the expression of NDR1 in GBM. The effect of NDR1 on cell proliferation and cell cycle was analyzed utilizing CCK-8, clone formation, immunofluorescence and flow cytometry, respectively. In addition, the xenograft tumor model was established as well. Protein interaction was examined by Co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence to observe co-localization.@*RESULTS@#Bioinformation analysis and IHC of our patients' tumor tissues showed that expression of NDR1 in tumor tissue was relatively lower than that in normal tissues and was positively related to a lower survival rate. NDR1 could markedly reduce the proliferation and colony formation of U87 and U251. Furthermore, the results of flow cytometry showed that NDR1 led to cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase. Tumor growth was also inhibited in xenograft nude mouse models in NDR1-overexpression group. Western blotting and immunofluorescence showed that NDR1 could integrate with and phosphorylate YAP at S127 site. Meanwhile, NDR1 could mediate apoptosis process.@*CONCLUSION@#In summary, our findings point out that NDR1 functions as a tumor suppressor in GBM. NDR1 is identified as a novel regulator of YAP, which gives us an in-depth comprehension of the Hippo signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Nucleus/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Glioblastoma , Humans , Mice , Phosphorylation , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Signal Transduction
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879447

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Using the method of finite element analysis, to compare the biomechanical properties between the plate deviating from the long axis of the cervical spine and the standard placement of the plate in the anterior cervical fusion surgery.@*METHODS@#A healthy female volunteer was selected and CT scan (C@*RESULTS@#The lower cervical spine (C@*CONCLUSION@#Little effect on the mechanical stability of the cervical spine was anticipated when the anterior cervical plate was not perfectly aligned with the long axis of the cervical spine. If the tilt of the plate in clinical surgery is less than 20°, there is no need to readjust the position of the plate.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Female , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Range of Motion, Articular , Reproducibility of Results , Spinal Fusion
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910473

ABSTRACT

Objective:Proton pencil beam (PB) dose calculation can achieve rapid dose calculation, whereas it is inaccurate due to the approximation in dealing with inhomogeneities. Monte Carlo (MC) dose calculation is recognized as the most accurate method, but it is extremely time consuming. The aim of this study was to apply deep-learning methods to improve the accuracy of PB dose calculation by learning the difference between the MC and PB dose distribution.Methods:A model which could convert the PB dose into the MC dose in lung cancer patients treated with intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) was established based on the Hierarchically Densely Connected U-Net (HD U-Net) network. PB dose and CT images were used as model input to predict the MC dose for IMPT. The beam dose and CT images of 27 non-small cell lung cancer patients were preprocessed to the same angle and normalized, and then used as model input. The accuracy of the model was evaluated by comparing the mean square error and γ passing rate (1 mm/1%) results between the predicted dose and MC dose.Results:The predicted dose showed good agreement with MC dose. Using the 1 mm/1% criteria, the average γ passing rate (voxels receiving more than 10% of maximum MC dose) between the predicted and MC doses reached (92.8±3.4)% for the test patients. The average dose prediction time for test patients was (6.72±2.26) s.Conclusion:A deep-learning model that can accurately predict the MC dose based on the PB dose and CT images is successfully developed, which can be used as an efficient and practical tool to improve the accuracy of PB dose calculation for IMPT in lung cancer patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 38-45, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798977

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the clinical characteristics of a patient with cerebellar ataxia, areflexia, pes cavus, optic atrophy and sensorineural hearing loss (CAPOS) syndrome, followed by relative literature review.@*Methods@#The medical history, physical examination and results of relative auxiliary examinations were collected from a CAPOS syndrome patient, who was definitely diagnosed by gene detection.@*Results@#The patient was a 20-year-old male, complaining of poor coordination for 19 years, impaired vision for 15 years and hearing loss for 13 years. When he was eleven months old, weakness of four limbs happened after diarrhea but recovered spontaneously a few days later. Then his poor coordination was discovered. His vision has decreased progressively since the age of five and he began to suffer from bilateral hearing loss after fever at the age of seven. Anti-infectious and immunoregulatory treatment was ineffective at that time. Physical examination showed that bilateral visual acuity decreased. Transient horizontal gaze-evoked nystagmus and bilateral hearing loss were detected. Obvious shaking was observed with closed eyes and toes together. Finger-to-nose, finger tracking, heel-knee-tibia and alternate motion tests were slightly inaccurate. Deep tendon reflexes disappeared and no pes cavus was observed. Pure tone audiometry revealed bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging indicated bilateral optic atrophy. ATP1A3 gene detection in the patient showed c. 2452G>A (p. Glu818Lys) heterozygous mutation while his parents were detected no such mutation in the same locus.@*Conclusions@#As for young patients who suffer from acute cerebellar ataxia after fever, disappeared tendon reflexes, atrophy of optic nerves or sensorineural hearing loss, they should be alerted to CAPOS syndrome when immunomodulating or anti-inflammatory therapy has been proved to be useless. Positive family history and ATP1A3 gene mutation would be beneficial to definite diagnosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865009

ABSTRACT

The oncological minimally invasive surgery,represented by laparoscopic surgery,has been developed in the past three decades.Despite the techniques and procedures have been improved,the oncological outcomes of radical surgery by minimally invasive approach in several cancer types are still controversial according to the results of recent clinical researches.Whatever the truth is,the key point of tumor radical surgery is the quality control of minimally invasive surgery.Grasping the surgical indications strictly and providing the most suitable treatment modality for cancer patients will be helpful to ensure quality control and minimize risks.In addition,with standardizing minimally invasive surgical procedures by constructing a systematic training system,the quality of minimally invasive tumor surgery can be guaranteed perioperatively.For novel minimally invasive surgical techniques,rigorous and prudent attitude is particularly proposed for the quality control.In the context of highly developed minimally invasive surgery,not only " maintaining speed",but also better "guaranteeing quality" can minimally invasive surgery bring real benefits to more cancer patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of exercise prescription on quality of life in patients with pituitary adenomas after surgery.Methods:A total of 82 patients with pituitary adenomas who met the inclusion criteria from December 2017 to September 2018 were enrolled. The control group received routine nursing care. The intervention group was given exercise prescription on the first day after surgery and 3 months after discharge from hospital. Both groups of patients completed the Health Status Survey(SF-36) before and after the intervention.Results:Before the intervention, there was no significant difference in baseline date of patients between two groups( P>0.05). After intervention, the general health dimension score (53.03±11.30) of the control group was significantly higher than the score within the group before treatment ( Z value was -4.398, P<0.05). The physiological function (86.67±7.46), physical function (66.67±29.28), role-emotional (71.30±22.75), vitality (68.33±8.78), general health dimension (61.39±10.66) of the intervention group were significant higher than the score within the group before treatment ( Z values were -4.809--2.041, P<0.05) . After the intervention, the significant difference were found in role-physical, general health, vitality, social function(77.18±15.71) and physiological health dimensions (73.75±10.00) between the intervention and control group ( Z values were -3.122- -2.467, t value was 3.044, P<0.05). After the intervention, non-function patients′ physiological function (72.06±23.19), general health (60.59±10.75), vitality (69.71±10.23) and social function (81.04±10.22) were significantly higher than the control group ( Z values were -2.832- -2.059, P<0.05). Conclusion:Exercise prescription can improve the quality of life in patients with pituitary adenomas after surgery.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835167

ABSTRACT

Moving the mandibular posterior teeth into a severely atrophic edentulous space is a challenge. A carefully designed force-and-moment system that results in bodily protraction of the posterior teeth with balanced bone resorption and apposition is needed in such cases. This report describes the treatment of a 19-year-old woman with missing mandibular first molars due to juvenile periodontitis. Miniscrews were used as absolute anchorage during protraction of the mandibular second and third molars. Bodily mesial movement of the mandibular second and third molars was achieved over a distance of 11 to 17 mm after 39 months of orthodontic treatment.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1015-1024, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827709

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Human infections with zoonotic coronaviruses (CoVs), including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV, have raised great public health concern globally. Here, we report a novel bat-origin CoV causing severe and fatal pneumonia in humans.@*METHODS@#We collected clinical data and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) specimens from five patients with severe pneumonia from Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, Hubei province, China. Nucleic acids of the BAL were extracted and subjected to next-generation sequencing. Virus isolation was carried out, and maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed.@*RESULTS@#Five patients hospitalized from December 18 to December 29, 2019 presented with fever, cough, and dyspnea accompanied by complications of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Chest radiography revealed diffuse opacities and consolidation. One of these patients died. Sequence results revealed the presence of a previously unknown β-CoV strain in all five patients, with 99.8% to 99.9% nucleotide identities among the isolates. These isolates showed 79.0% nucleotide identity with the sequence of SARS-CoV (GenBank NC_004718) and 51.8% identity with the sequence of MERS-CoV (GenBank NC_019843). The virus is phylogenetically closest to a bat SARS-like CoV (SL-ZC45, GenBank MG772933) with 87.6% to 87.7% nucleotide identity, but is in a separate clade. Moreover, these viruses have a single intact open reading frame gene 8, as a further indicator of bat-origin CoVs. However, the amino acid sequence of the tentative receptor-binding domain resembles that of SARS-CoV, indicating that these viruses might use the same receptor.@*CONCLUSION@#A novel bat-borne CoV was identified that is associated with severe and fatal respiratory disease in humans.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Betacoronavirus , Genetics , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Virology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Virology , Tomography, X-Ray , Treatment Outcome
16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 673-677, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822582

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a serious global public threat. With the progress of research, we have more comprehensive understanding of the COVID-19. Current advances on the etiology, transmission, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19, as well as the experience in the management of COVID-19 will be introduced in this article.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817253

ABSTRACT

Background: Human infections with zoonotic coronaviruses (CoVs), including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV, have raised great public health concern globally. Here, we report a novel bat-origin CoV causing severe and fatal pneumonia in humans. Methods: We collected clinical data and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) specimens from five patients with severe pneumonia from Jin Yin-tan Hospital, Wuhan, Hubei province, China. Nucleic acids of the BAL were extracted and subjected to next-generation sequencing. Virus isolation was carried out, and maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed. Results: Five patients hospitalized from December 18 to December 29, 2019 presented with fever, cough, and dyspnea accompanied by complications of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Chest radiography revealed diffuse opacities and consolidation. One of these patients died. Sequence results revealed the presence of a previously unknown β-CoV strain in all five patients, with 99.8–99.9% nucleotide identities among the isolates. These isolates showed 79.0% nucleotide identity with the sequence of SARS-CoV (GenBank NC_004718) and 51.8% identity with the sequence of MERS-CoV (GenBank NC_019843). The virus is phylogenetically closest to a bat SARS-like CoV (SL-ZC45, GenBank MG772933) with 87.6–87.7% nucleotide identity, but is in a separate clade. Moreover, these viruses have a single intact open reading frame gene 8, as a further indicator of bat-origin CoVs. However, the amino acid sequence of the tentative receptor-binding domain resembles that of SARS-CoV, indicating that these viruses might use the same receptor. Conclusion: A novel bat-borne CoV was identified that is associated with severe and fatal respiratory disease in humans.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 463-472, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815832

ABSTRACT

"Kidney essence" is a profound concept in the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. But its biological basis is unknown until now, resulting in the therapeutic effects of traditional Chinese drugs on reinforcing kidney for supplementing essence hard to be evaluated. This study aimed, to explore the potential biological basis and mechanism of traditional Chinese drugs of reinforcing kidney for supplementing essence on diseases related to deficiency of kidney essence through network pharmacology analysis on the intersection of targets of drugs and diseases. The targets for ingredients in Rehmanniae radix praeparata (RRP), Polygoni multiflori radix praeparata (PMRP) and Polygonati rhizome (PR) were gathered from TCMSP and TCMID database. Osteoporosis, Alzheimer's disease, anemia, infertility and oligospermia targets were collected from OMIM and DisGeNET database. Drug-compound-target-disease (DCTD) network was established with Cytoscape 3.6.1 software, then Clue GO and DAVID database was used to acquire the annotation about GO terms and signaling pathways. Natural aging mice, an acknowledged syndrome model of deficiency of kidney essence, and RRP were used to verify the predictive targets by Western blot analysis. All animal experiments were conducted in accordance with the international guidelines and regulations for the care and use of animals. DCTD network showed that the intersection of drugs and diseases included 175 common targets. After topology analysis, 71 key were screened out targets which were associated with GO annotation exhibited that biological processes (including transcription regulation, RNA metabolism regulation, and DNA-dependent transcription regulation), cell composition (including nuclear lumen, organelle lumen, and membrane closure lumen), molecular function (including transcription regulation, transcription factor activity, and enzyme binding), and signaling pathway (including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1), erythropoietin (EPO) and other signaling pathways. In natural aging mice, the expressions of HIF-1α, growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2), MAPK3, signal transducer and activator of transcription 5A (STAT5A), transcription factor AP-1 (JUN) and proto-oncogene c-Fos (FOS) in EPO pathway were significantly decreased. RRP significantly reversed the decrease of the above targets. Above all, these results indicated that the therapeutic effects of traditional Chinese drugs of reinforcing kidney for supplementing essence on deficiency of kidney essence may be related to the regulation of nuclear transcriptional activity and EPO signaling pathway.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798902

ABSTRACT

The oncological minimally invasive surgery, represented by laparoscopic surgery, has been developed in the past three decades. Despite the techniques and procedures have been improved, the oncological outcomes of radical surgery by minimally invasive approach in several cancer types are still controversial according to the results of recent clinical researches. Whatever the truth is, the key point of tumor radical surgery is the quality control of minimally invasive surgery. Grasping the surgical indications strictly and providing the most suitable treatment modality for cancer patients will be helpful to ensure quality control and minimize risks. In addition, with standardizing minimally invasive surgical procedures by constructing a systematic training system, the quality of minimally invasive tumor surgery can be guaranteed perioperatively. For novel minimally invasive surgical techniques, rigorous and prudent attitude is particularly proposed for the quality control. In the context of highly developed minimally invasive surgery, not only "maintaining speed" , but also better "guaranteeing quality" can minimally invasive surgery bring real benefits to more cancer patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 38-45, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870762

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical characteristics of a patient with cerebellar ataxia,areflexia,pes cavus,optic atrophy and sensorineural hearing loss (CAPOS) syndrome,followed by relative literature review.Methods The medical history,physical examination and results of relative auxiliary examinations were collected from a CAPOS syndrome patient,who was definitely diagnosed by gene detection.Results The patient was a 20-year-old male,complaining of poor coordination for 19 years,impaired vision for 15 years and hearing loss for 13 years.When he was eleven months old,weakness of four limbs happened after diarrhea but recovered spontaneously a few days later.Then his poor coordination was discovered.His vision has decreased progressively since the age of five and he began to suffer from bilateral hearing loss after fever at the age of seven.Anti-infectious and immunoregulatory treatment was ineffective at that time.Physical examination showed that bilateral visual acuity decreased.Transient horizontal gaze-evoked nystagmus and bilateral hearing loss were detected.Obvious shaking was observed with closed eyes and toes together.Finger-to-nose,finger tracking,heel-knee-tibia and alternate motion tests were slightly inaccurate.Deep tendon reflexes disappeared and no pes cavus was observed.Pure tone audiometry revealed bilateral sensorineural hearing loss.Cranial magnetic resonance imaging indicated bilateral optic atrophy.ATP1A3 gene detection in the patient showed c.2452G>A (p.Glu818Lys) heterozygous mutation while his parents were detected no such mutation in the same locus.Conclusions As for young patients who suffer from acute cerebellar ataxia after fever,disappeared tendon reflexes,atrophy of optic nerves or sensorineural hearing loss,they should be alerted to CAPOS syndrome when immunomodulating or anti-inflammatory therapy has been proved to be useless.Positive family history and ATP1A3 gene mutation would be beneficial to definite diagnosis.

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