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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 246-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920856

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and safety of tracheal extubation in operating room for patients with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after single-lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 57 recipients who underwent single-lung transplantation due to end-stage COPD were retrospectively analyzed. According to the evaluation indexes of tracheal extubation in operating room established by our hospital, 17 recipients eligible for tracheal extubation in operating room were assigned into the operating room extubation group (OR extubation group) and 40 recipients receiving tracheal extubation in intensive care unit (ICU) were allocated in the ICU extubation group. The evaluation results of intraoperative tracheal extubation and postoperative recovery were compared between two groups. Results Compared with the ICU extubation group, recipients in the OR extubation group had higher oxygenation index, lower arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), lower blood lactic acid level, less fluctuation range of blood pressure and fewer cases receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) during operation (all P < 0.05). Two recipients in the OR extubation group received repeated tracheal intubation at 6 and 8 h after returning to ICU, and tracheal extubation at postoperative 6 and 9 d. In the OR extubation group, time of postoperative mechanical ventilation, length of postoperative ICU and hospital stay of the recipients were shorter than those in the ICU extubation group (all P < 0.05). The incidence of grade 3 primary graft dysfunction (PGD), atrial tachyarrhythmia, continuous renal replacement therapy and 1-year survival rate did not significantly differ between two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusions The tracheal extubation regimen in the operating room for COPD patients after single-lung transplantation established by our hospital is safe and feasible, which shortens the time of postoperative mechanical ventilation, the length of postoperative ICU and hospital stay, whereas does not increase the incidence of postoperative complications.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883926

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the potential biomarkers in the serum of adolescents with depressive disorder and provide the basis for clinical diagnosis of depression.Methods:A total of 45 adolescents with depression who met the inclusion criteria and 47 healthy controls (HC group) were screened.Patients with depression were treated with sertraline (100 mg/d) for 4 weeks.The patients before sertraline treatment were called DN-MDD group and then were called DT-MDD group after sertraline treatmant.Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) was used to evaluate the efficacy of the two groups before and after treatment.The serum was collected for UPLC-MS/MS to determine the changes in profiles of endogenous metabolites.And the software of SPSS 21.0, XCMS and Analyst 3.0 were used to analyze the data.The reliability and feasibility of clinical diagnosis were further analyzed by ROC via GraphPad 8.0.Results:After 4 weeks of sertraline treatment, the patients' HAMD score decreased (before: 19.71±1.72, after: 15.36±1.91) and the effective rate reached 51% ( P<0.01). Multivariate statistical analysis showed that HC group and DN-MDD group and DT-MDD group had significant differences in metabolic profile.Compared with healthy controls, 11 different metabolites were found in the plasma of DN-MDD group including glycerate, adenosine, creatine and so on.After treatment, concentrations of glucose, glutamate, aspartate, sucrose, creatine, pyruvate and adenosine were significant changes in serum of adolescent depression patients.Area under ROC curve of glucose and glutamic acid were >0.9, and the AUC of aspartic acid, sucrose, creatine, pyruvate and adenosine were >0.7, suggesting that these 7 metabolites had different degrees of diagnostic ability. Conclusion:There are different metabolic profiles between adolescents with or without depression, and the antidepressant sertraline is helpful to maintain the level of substance metabolism which can be used as one of the treatment methods for adolescent depression.Our research may support the new strategy for clinical diagnosis and treatment of adolescent depression.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the hemostatic effect of self-expanding polyurethane foam in an animal model of fatal hepatic trauma and hemorrhage.Methods:The fatal liver trauma hemorrhage model with swine was established. Then the damage-controlled resuscitation was performed. Thirty minutes after injury, the experimental animals were randomly divided into the gauze packing group (GP), foam packing group (FP) and blank control group (BC). The survival time, vital signs, the bleeding volume, coagulation function and other lab indicators were recorded for 48 h. Liver histopathological examination was performed after death or execution.Results:All the three groups had severe hemorrhagic shock after modeling. The 48-h survival rate of the FP group and the GP group was significantly higher than that of the BC group (6/6 vs 4/6 vs 0/6). The average survival time of the FP group was not statistically different from that of the GP group [48 h vs (44.58±5.53) h, P>0.05], and was significantly longer than that of the BC group [48 h vs (1.64±0.17) h, P<0.01]. The bleeding volume of the FP group was significantly less than the GP group and BC group [(19.2±7.3) g/kg vs (41.3±8.6) g/kg, (51.5±7.3) g/kg, both P<0.01]. Compared with the GP group and the BC group, the cardiac output of the FP group was significantly improved [(5.00±0.53) L/min vs (4.13±0.41) L/min, (2.38±0.48) L/min, both P<0.05]. The coagulation function, liver and kidney function and blood lactate level of the FP group and the GP group were better than those of the BC group; the intra-abdominal pressure of the FP group was significantly higher than that in the GP group [(18.83±3.25) cmH 2O vs (3.83±1.47) cmH 2O, P<0.05]. There was no abnormal increased in intra-abdominal pressure in the BC group. According to the histopathology examination, there was no obvious secondary damage in the FP group. Conclusions:The application of self-expanding polyurethane foam for intraperitoneal packing to stop bleeding can effectively reduce the amount of bleeding in the fatal liver trauma hemorrhage model, effectively maintain vital signs, and improve the short-term survival rate.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1469-1474, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904574

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand aggressive behavior and associated family determinants of firstborn and only children in primary school, so as to provide the basis for child aggressive behavior prevention.@*Methods@#Using stratified cluster sampling method, 922 pupils from grade 2 to grade 6 were selected from three primary schools in Bengbu. The questionnaire survey included general information, family background and child aggressive behaviors.@*Results@#Among boys, the 7 year old only child scored [26.0(22.0,34.5)] higher than firstborn children [20.0(17.5,26.5)] in overall aggression, and the 9-year-old firstborn child [ 27.5 (23.0,34.3)] scored higher than the only child [23.0(18.5,28.5)]. The scores of 8-year-old firstborn child in the dimension of physical aggression [7.0(4.0,11.0)] were higher than that of only child [5.0(3.0,8.0)] ( Z=1.97, 2.39, 2.11, P < 0.05 ). Among girls, 8-year-old only child scored higher [5.0(3.0,7.0)] in the dimension of physical aggression than that of the firstborn child [ 3.0 (3.0,4.0)], and the 12-year-old firstborn child scored [7.0(6.0,8.0)] higher in the dimension of hostility than that of the only child [4.5(3.3,9.0)] ( Z=2.48, 1.98, P <0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis found that boys of firstborn children scored higher in all dimensions of aggressive behavior than those of girls except hostility, and paternal education was negatively associated with physical aggression and hostility ( P <0.05). Age was positively associated with verbal aggression among the only children ( P <0.05). Family economic status was negatively associated with physical aggression ( P <0.05). Paternal education was negatively associated with hostility among students with anger and hostility of family members higher than that of parents ( P < 0.05 ).@*Conclusion@#Higher family economic status, high quality of parent company and appropriate parenting style can reduce the occurrence of children s aggressive behavior and promote healthy physical and psychological development.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of lever positioning manipulation for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and its effect on Cobb angle.@*METHODS@#From December 2017 to November 2018, 67 patients with lumbar disc herniation were included in the study. The patients were randomly divided into treatment group and control group by digital table method. There were 34 cases in the treatment group, including 20 males and 14 females, with an average age of (36.09±8.26) years old and a course of (13.79±15.50) months. Treatment group was treated with lever positioning manipulation. There were 33 cases in the control group, including 18 males and 15 females, with an average age of(36.48±7.81) years old and a course of (12.82±15.68) months. Control group was treated with lumbar slanting manipulation. Two groups were treated 3 times a week, once every other day, 6 times for a course of treatment, after 2 courses of treatment, the changes of Cobb angle before and after treatment were compared between two groups by imaging. The symptoms and signs were scored with reference to clinical evaluation standard;overall efficacy was evaluated with reference to "Diagnostic Efficacy Criteria of Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndrome" issued by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine for lumbar disc herniation.@*RESULTS@#One patient in each group dropped out. The symptom and sign scores of treatment group and control group before treatment were 18.56± 4.81, 18.61±3.72, while after treatment were 9.41±5.19, 13.55±3.68;treatment group was significantly lower than control group after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Both the lever positioning manipulation and the lumbar slanting manipulation methods are effective for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation, but clinical effect of lever positioning method on lumbar disc herniation is more significant, and the effect on Cobb angle is more obvious. It is worthy of promotion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Manipulation, Spinal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Treatment Outcome
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 406-410, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873433

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To investigate the protective effects of Pollen Typhae extract on diabetic retinopathy(DR)in rats. <p>METHODS: Fifty SPF rats were randomly divided into five groups: control group with normal feeding, DR group was given the same amount of normal saline by gavage, experimental group A with Pollen Typhae extract 50mg/(kg·d), experimental group B with Pollen Typhae extract 100mg/(kg·d)and experimental group C with Pollen Typhae extract 200mg/(kg·d). Determination of fasting blood glucose in rats of each group. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of retina of rats in each group. The expression of IL-6 and TNF-α in the serum of rats were measured by ELISA. The VEGF, VEGFR2 and Ang-1 protein expression in retina tissue were observed by Western blot. The VEGF, VEGFR2 and Ang-1 mRNA expression in retinal tissue were observed by <i>q</i>RT-PCR. <p>RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the fasting blood glucose, the expression of IL-6 and TNF-α in serum and VEGF, VEGFR2 and Ang-1 protein and mRNA expression in retina tissue in DR group and each experimental group were significantly higher(<i>P</i><0.05). Compared with DR group, fasting blood glucose decreased in all experimental groups, and the fasting blood glucose of experimental groups B and C was significantly decreased than that of DR group(<i>P</i><0.05). In addition, the contents of IL-6 and TNF-α in serum, the protein and mRNA expression levels of VEGF, VEGFR2 and Ang-1 in retina tissue in experimental group B and group C were significantly lower than those in group DR(<i>P</i><0.05). The results of HE showed that the structure of retinal photoreceptor cell layer in DR group was obviously destroyed, the cell edema and gap widened, and the retinal histopathology of rat retina in group B and group C were improved in varying degrees. <p>CONCLUSION: Pollen Typhae extract can down-regulate the level of inflammation and the expression of VEGF, VEGFR2 and Ang-1 in DR rats, so as to improve the retinopathy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912853

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of heat-sensitive moxibustion in intervening acute ischemic stroke. Methods: A total of 112 patients were divided into a control group and an observation group by the random number table method, with 56 cases in each group. The control group was treated with conventional treatment, and the observation group was treated with heat-sensitive moxibustion on the basis of the treatment in the control group. The National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) and modified Barthel index (MBI) were evaluated, and the intracranial hemodynamic indicators including mean velocity (Vm), pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) were recorded, and the serum levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and homocysteine (HCY) were measured before and after treatment. Clinical efficacy was evaluated after treatment. Results: The total effective rate of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the NIHSS scores in both groups decreased significantly (both P<0.05), and the MBI scores increased significantly (both P<0.05). The improvements of NIHSS and MBI scores in the observation group were superior to those in the control group (both P<0.05). Vm in both groups increased significantly (both P<0.05), PI and RI decreased (all P<0.05), and Vm, PI and RI in the observation group were superior to those in the control group (all P<0.05). The serum levels of SOD and HCY in the observation group were significantly improved, and were statistically different from those in the control group (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Conventional treatment plus heat-sensitive moxibustion is effective in intervening acute ischemic stroke. It can promote the recovery of neurological function, improve daily activities, and improve intracranial blood flow, which may be related to the regulation of serum SOD and HCY levels.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore a new method of diagnosing and identifying renal transplantation clinical almost tolerance through a diagnostic model using plasma proteomics.Methods:From November 2011 to November 2012, plasma samples from 43 subjects were collected and divided into the groups of clinical almost tolerance(18 cases), rejection(12 cases)and healthy control(13 cases). Protemic analysis of plasma samples was performed by surface enhanced laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS). Differential mass spectrometry peaks were screened and diagnostic model was established by Biomarker Wizard and Biomarker Pattern software. Identification of mass spectrometric peaks of nodes in the diagnostic model was carried out by searching the databases of SWISS-PROT and TrEMBL using ExPASy's TagIdent tool.Results:A total of 21 differential proteins peaks were obtained( P<0.05). Diagnostic model was composed of five mass spectrum peaks of 2 565.15, 1 966.28, 6 674.78, 1 103.27, 1 716.69 and 1 966.28.The sensitivity, specificity and area under the ROC curve of model were 83.3%, 92.0% and 0.951 respectively for diagnosing clinical almost tolerance.Bioinformatic identification results of mass spectrometric peaks of nodes in model were proteins of ANFB, MCH, TFF1, PDYN and PSME3. Conclusions:Establishing a diagnostic mode by plasma proteomics may be effectively employed for diagnosing clinical almost tolerance in kidney transplant.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate anatomical locking plate combined with bone cement intramedullary support in the treatment of proximal humeral fractures in the elderly.Methods:From May 2016 to July 2018, 19 geriatric proximal humeral fractures were treated with anatomical locking plate combined with bone cement intramedullary support at Department of Orthopaedics, General Hospital of Shenyang Northern Theater. There were 8 females and 5 males, with an average age of 71 years (from 60 to 84 years). All the fractures were closed. According to the Neer classification, there were 4 two-part, 5 three-part and 4 four-part fractures. At 6, 12, 18 and 36 weeks and one year postoperatively, anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films of the scapula were taken. At the last follow-up, the Constant-Murley shoulder score and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score for the upper limb dysfunction were recorded.Results:The 13 patients were followed up for 3 to 12 months (6 months on average). Bony union was achieved in all the 13 patients. Local necrosis and deformation of the humeral head and partial screw perforation were observed one year after operation in 2 cases, but other patients reported no such complications or loosening of internal fixation. At the last follow-up, their mean Constant-Murley score was 82.6 (from 71 to 95) and their mean ADSH score 19.2 (from 9.2 to 48.1).Conclusion:Anatomical locking plate combined with bone cement intramedullary support may lead to fine early efficacy for the treatment of proximal humeral fractures in the elderly, since it can facilitate fracture reduction, promote rigid fixation and prevent loss of reduction.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909503

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the major diseases that harmful to healthy elderly, and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is the early clinical stage of AD. There is a lag in the clinical diagnosis of both diseases. An objective and reliable auxiliary diagnostic method is urgently needed to provide early diagnosis and differential indicators for AD and MCI, to predict the probability of individuals suffering from AD and MCI transforming into AD, and to reduce the overall incidence of AD and reduce the huge medical and economic burden for the country and society. Event-related potential is widely used in AD and MCI, and the resolution at the millisecond level can truly reflect the time course of cognitive processing and the degree of impairment of cognitive function in patients. In this study, we investigated the differences in the amplitude and latency of ERP components in healthy elderly, MCI and AD patients, and the correlation between ERP components and cognitive impairment. Early N170 and P200 showed high sensitivity and specificity in differentiating MCI from healthy elderly or MCI from AD. The late perception-related ERPs also showed high sensitivity and specificity in differentiating healthy elderly from MCI/AD. The differences in ERPs between MCI and AD may be related to the etiology, the degree of disease progression and the site of brain damage. The specific brain mechanism still need to be further explored and will be the focus of future research. With the progress of the research, the relationship between the specific ERP manifestations and the mechanism of brain injury as well as the impairment of cognitive function will be more clear. It is believed that the application of ERP in clinical will bring more benefits to AD and its early clinical MCI.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908612

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of microRNA-338-3p (miR-338-3p) in regulating the generation and function of interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP) 1-20-specific T helper 17 (Th17) cells in experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU). Methods:Bone marrow cells were flushed from the femurs and tibiae of wild-type C57BL/6 mice and cultured in the presence of granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-4 (IL-4)to differentiate into bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs). On day 5 after induction, immature BMDCs were collected and divided into miR-338-3p mimics transfection group and mimics negative control transfection group, then transfected with miR-338-3p mimics or negative mimics according to grouping.Twenty-four hours after transfection, the BMDCs were stimulated with 100 ng/ml of lipopolysaccharide to mature.Relative expression levels of miR-338-3p, IL-6, IL-23 and IL-1β mRNA in BMDCs of the two groups were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The EAU model was established with IRBP 1-20, incomplete Freund adjuvant and mycobacterium tuberculosis (H37Ra) in mice.On day 13 after modeling, T cells were isolated from the mice spleen or draining lymph nodes and co-cultured with miR-338-3p mimics or negative control mimics-transfected BMDCs under Th17-polarizing conditions.Concentration of IL-17 in the supernatant was detected by ELISA.Relative expression levels of retinoic acid receptor-related orphan nuclear receptor γt (RORγt) and IL-17 mRNA were analyzed by qRT-PCR.The proportion of IL-17 + cells among T cells co-cultured with BMDCs was assessed by flow cytometry.To further verify the role of miR-338-3p in dendritic cells on Th17 cells, BMDCs transfected with miR-338-3p inhibitor or control inhibitor were co-cultured with T cells isolated from spleen or draining lymph nodes of EAU mice.Concentration of IL-17 in the supernatant was detected by ELISA.The use and care of the animals complied with Regulations for the Administration of Affairs Concerning Experiment Animals by State Science and Technology Commission.The study protocol was approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Tianjin Medical University (No.TJYY2019110117). Results:Relative expression level of miR-338-3p in BMDCs was significantly increased in the miR-338-3p mimics transfection group than the mimics negative control group ( t=6.861, P=0.002). In T cells co-cultured with miR-338-3p mimics-transfected BMDCs, the relative expression levels of RORγt and IL-17 mRNA were 1.34±0.16 and 1.33±0.16, which were significantly higher than 1.00±0.01 and 1.00±0.01 in the mimics negative control group ( t=3.632, P=0.022; t=3.681, P=0.021). ELISA showed that the concentration of IL-17 in the supernatant was (5 941.00±452.40)pg/ml in the miR-338-3p mimics transfection group, which was significantly higher than (4 299.00±348.30)pg/ml in the mimics negative control group ( t=4.979, P=0.008), and IL-17 concentration in the supernatant was (3 092.00±200.90)pg/ml in the miR-338-3p inhibitor transfection group, which was lower than (4 063.00±131.50)pg/ml in the inhibitor negative control group ( t=7.005, P=0.002). The proportion of IL-17 + cells among T cells was (8.03±1.35)% in the miR-338-3p mimics transfection group, which was significantly higher than (4.52±0.73)% in the mimics negative control group ( t=3.968, P=0.017). The relative expression levels of IL-6, IL-23, and IL-1β mRNA were 2.23±0.21, 2.21±0.56, 2.32±0.43, respectively in the miR-338-3p mimics transfection group, which were significantly higher than 1.00±0.06, 1.00±0.07, 1.01±0.15 in the mimics negative control group ( t=10.290, P=0.001; t=3.747, P=0.020; t=5.280, P=0.006). Conclusions:Overexpression of miR-338-3p in BMDCs can promote the IRBP 1-20-specific Th17 cell response by increasing the expression of Th17-polarizing cytokines including IL-6, IL-1β and IL-23.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906314

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence of neurological diseases has been increasing year by year. To give full play to the advantages of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of neurological disorders, identify the breakthrough point of integrating TCM with western medicine, and further standardize the clinical diagnosis and treatment of TCM, the China Association of Chinese Medicine organized neurologists in TCM and western medicine to carry out in-depth discussion on the neurological diseases responding specifically to TCM and integrated TCM and western medicine, such as stroke, headache, vertigo, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy, aiming to formulate a well-recognized and integrated treatment protocol for TCM and western medicine and improve the efficacy of neurological disorders. Furthermore, the treatment suggestions of the corresponding diseases in TCM and western medicine were proposed to provide references for clinical practice and scientific research.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906085

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Jinxiangdan (JXD) on NOD-like receptor pyrin domain-containing-3 (NLRP3)/cysteine-dependent aspartate-directed protease-1 (Caspase-1)/interleukin-1<italic>β</italic> (IL-1<italic>β</italic>) signaling pathway in myocardium of rats with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) and explore the protective effect and mechanism of JXD against MIRI. Method:Fifty male SD rats were randomly divided into the sham operation group, model group, high- and low-dose JXD groups, and positive drug (Di'ao Xinxuekang) group, with 10 rats in each group. Seven days before modeling, rats in the JXD groups were separately treated with intragastric administration of 0.72 and 0.18 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> JXD tablets, the ones in the sham operation group and model group with the same volume of normal saline, and those in the positive drug group with 1.29 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Di'ao Xinxuekang. Twelve hours after the last intragastric administration, the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery was ligated for 30 min and then re-perfused for 60 min for inducing MIRI. ST segment elevation was detected by electrocardiogram(ECG) for model evaluation. The contents of creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in cardiac tissue were measured by colorimetry. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was conducted for observing myocardial histopathological changes, followed by the detection of cardiomyocyte apoptosis by DNA in situ nick end-labeling (TUNEL) assay. The protein and mRNA expression levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, and IL-1<italic>β</italic> were detected by Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), respectively. Result:Compared with sham operation group, the model group exhibited obviously elevated ST segment (<italic>P</italic><0.01), enhanced CK and LDH activities in the myocardium (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased apoptotic cardiomyocytes (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and up-regulated NLRP3, Caspase-1, and IL-1<italic>β</italic> protein and mRNA expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, JXD at both the high and low doses and Di'ao Xinxuekang significantly lowered the ST segment (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), diminished the CK and LDH activities in myocardial tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), improved the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), and down-regulated the mRNA and protein expression levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, and IL-1<italic>β</italic> in myocardial tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The ST segment of ECG in the low-dose JXD group was increased as compared with that in the Di'ao Xinxuekang group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), while the ST segment in the high-dose JXD group was obviously elevated (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Besides, the green fluorescence intensities in the low- and high-dose JXD groups and the Di'ao Xinxuekang group remarkably declined (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The mRNA and protein expression levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, and IL-1<italic>β</italic> in the high-dose JXD group were down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:JXD alleviates MIRI possibly by lowering NLRP3 and IL-1<italic>β</italic> expression and inhibiting cardiomyocyte apoptosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921773

ABSTRACT

R2 R3-MYB transcription factors are ubiquitous in plants, playing a role in the regulation of plant growth, development, and secondary metabolism. In this paper, the R2 R3-MYB transcription factors were identified by bioinformatics analysis of the genomic data of Erigeron breviscapus, and their gene sequences, structures, physical and chemical properties were analyzed. The functions of R2 R3-MYB transcription factors were predicted by cluster analysis. Meanwhile, the expression patterns of R2 R3-MYB transcription factors in response to hormone treatments were analyzed. A total of 108 R2 R3-MYB transcription factors, named EbMYB1-EbMYB108, were identified from the genome of E. breviscapus. Most of the R2 R3-MYB genes carried 2-4 exons. The phylogenetic tree of MYBs in E. breviscapus and Arabidopsis thaliala was constructed, which classified 234 MYBs into 30 subfamilies. The MYBs in the five MYB subfamilies of A.thaliala were clustered into independent clades, and those in E. breviscapus were clustered into four clades. The transcriptome data showed that MYB genes were differentially expressed in different tissues of E. breviscapus and in response to the treatments with exogenous hormones such as ABA, SA, and GA for different time. The transcription of 13 R2 R3-MYB genes did not change significantly, and the expression patterns of some genes were up-regulated or down-regulated with the extension of hormone treatment time. This study provides a theoretical basis for revealing the mechanisms of R2 R3-MYB transcription factors in regulating the growth and development, stress(hormone) response, and active ingredient accumulation in E. breviscapus.


Subject(s)
Erigeron/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Genes, myb , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1171-1174, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921028

ABSTRACT

Through analyzing the indication distribution of the different acupoints located at the upper limbs recorded in


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Arm , Goiter , Humans , Meridians , Tuberculosis, Lymph Node
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888780

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1), as a main transcriptional regulator of metabolic adaptation to changes in the oxygen environment, participates in many physiological and pathological processes in the body, and is closely related to the pathogenesis of many diseases. This review outlines the mechanisms of HIF-1 activation, its signaling pathways, natural inhibitors, and its roles in diseases. This article can provide new insights in the diagnosis and treatment of human diseases, and recent progress on the development of HIF-1 inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Disease , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1/physiology , Oxygen , Signal Transduction
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1011-1018, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888512

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To the clinical characteristics and prognostic value of the patients with complete deletion of TET_JBP domain (ΔJBP) in TET2 acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Next Generation Sequencing technology was used to determine the mutations of 34 AML-related genes (including TET2 gene). The I-TASSER tool was used to predict the tertiary structure of the full-length TET2 protein and TET_JBP structure deletion.@*RESULTS@#Among 38 AML patients with TET2 mutations, 22(57.9%) showed truncation mutations, of which 16 (72.7%) produced TET2ΔJBP truncation mutants. Protein structure prediction showed that the deletion of TET_JBP domain lead to the significant changes of tertiary structure in TET2 protein. Compared with the patients in non-ΔJBP group, the age of patients in ΔJBP group were older (63 vs 54 years old, P=0.047), and the occurrence rate of CEBPA double mutation (CEBPA@*CONCLUSION@#AML patients with TET2ΔJBP truncation mutant shows lower CR rate, shorter EFS and OS after induction chemotherapy, which may be related to the poor prognosis, and co-mutation with CEBPA


Subject(s)
DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Middle Aged , Mutation , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics , Remission Induction
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888357

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic effect of lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field on patients with lumbar disc herniation and the influence on serum IL-1β and TNF-α.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to March 2019, 58 patients with lumbar disc herniation were included in the study, which were randomly divided into observation group and control group by digital table method. Observation group of 29 cases, including 16 males and 13 females, aged (38.03±11.29) years old, were treated with lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field. The 29 cases in control group, including 17 males and 12 females, aged (38.21±9.16) years old, were treated with pulsed electric field. Both groups of patients were treated 3 times a week, once every other day, 3 times as a course of treatment. After 2 courses of treatment, the two groups of patients were scored before and after treatment by the numeric rating scales (NRS);at the same time, the serum levels of IL-1β and TNF-α were measured before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The NRS scores of observation group and control group were 4.21±1.76, 4.66±1.61 before treatment, and 1.28±0.84, 2.10±1.35 after treatment, respectively. The NRS scores of the observation group after treatment was significantly lower than that of the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#The lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field has a good analgesic effect on patients with lumbar disc herniation, and it has a significant impact on the patient's serum IL-1β and TNF-α concentration, which can be used as a clinical guide. However, the synergistic effect of lever positioning technique combined with pulsed electric field and guidelines for clinical treatment need further research.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887760

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the short-term clinical efficacy and factors influencing low-dose superficial X-ray for treating infantile maxillofacial hemangioma.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis was conducted on 161 cases of infants with maxillofacial hemangioma treated with superficial X-ray in the Laser Center of Dermatology Department of Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017. Clinical efficacy was analyzed by comparing the photos before and after treatment. Patients were further divided into groups according to different genders, age at the start of treatment, preterm birth or low birth weight, hemangioma site, longest diameter of hemangioma, and type of hemangioma to analyze whether differences existed in clinical efficacy and therapeutic dose between different groups.@*RESULTS@#Twelve months after the end of treatment, the overall cure rate was 93.8%, and the significant efficiency was 97.5%. The clinical efficacy was related to the age of children at the beginning of treatment and the type of hemangioma (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low-dose superficial X-ray is safe and effective for the treatment of infantile maxillofacial hemangioma. Age and type of hemangioma at the time of treatment are the factors influencing therapeutic dose and clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Hemangioma , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Retrospective Studies , Skin Neoplasms , Treatment Outcome , X-Rays
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 261-274, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878043

ABSTRACT

There have been recent extensive studies and rapid advancement on the pathogenesis underlying idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and intricate pathogenesis of IPF has been suggested. The purpose of this study was to clarify the logical relationship between these mechanisms. An extensive search was undertaken of the PubMed using the following keywords: "etiology," "pathogenesis," "alveolar epithelial cell (AEC)," "fibroblast," "lymphocyte," "macrophage," "epigenomics," "histone," acetylation," "methylation," "endoplasmic reticulum stress," "mitochondrial dysfunction," "telomerase," "proteases," "plasminogen," "epithelial-mesenchymal transition," "oxidative stress," "inflammation," "apoptosis," and "idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis." This search covered relevant research articles published up to April 30, 2020. Original articles, reviews, and other articles were searched and reviewed for content; 240 highly relevant studies were obtained after screening. IPF is likely the result of complex interactions between environmental, genetic, and epigenetic factors: environmental exposures affect epigenetic marks; epigenetic processes translate environmental exposures into the regulation of chromatin; epigenetic processes shape gene expression profiles; in turn, an individual's genetic background determines epigenetic marks; finally, these genetic and epigenetic factors act in concert to dysregulate gene expression in IPF lung tissue. The pathogenesis of IPF involves various imbalances including endoplasmic reticulum, telomere length homeostasis, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidant/antioxidant imbalance, Th1/Th2 imbalance, M1-M2 polarization of macrophages, protease/antiprotease imbalance, and plasminogen activation/inhibition imbalance. These affect each other, promote each other, and ultimately promote AEC/fibroblast apoptosis imbalance directly or indirectly. Excessive AEC apoptosis and impaired apoptosis of fibroblasts contribute to fibrosis. IPF is likely the result of complex interactions between environmental, genetic, and epigenetic factors. The pathogenesis of IPF involves various imbalances centered on AEC/fibroblast apoptosis imbalance.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Epithelial Cells , Apoptosis , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Fibroblasts , Humans , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/genetics
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