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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1192-1198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009974

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical characteristics and impact on mortality of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) colonized or infected patients with hematological disorders in order to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of CRPA.@*METHODS@#The patients who were colonized or infected with CRPA in the Department of Hematology of The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University from January 2020 to March 2021 were selected as the research subjects, the clinical data such as hospitalization time, primary disease treatment regimen, granulocyte count, previous infection and antibiotic regimen of these patients were analyzed, meanwhile, antibiotic regimen and efficacy during CRPA infection, 30-day and long-term survival were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 59 patients were included in this study, and divided into CRPA infection group (43 cases) and CRPA colonization group (16 cases). Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that ECOG score (P =0.003), agranulocytosis (P <0.001), and exposure to upper than 3rd generations of cephalosporins and tigecycline within 30 days (P =0.035, P =0.017) were the high-risk factors for CRPA infection. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that ECOG score of 3/4 ( OR=10.815, 95%CI: 1.260-92.820, P =0.030) and agranulocytosis ( OR=13.82, 95%CI: 2.243-85.176, P =0.005) were independent risk factors for CRPA infection. There was a statistically significant difference in cumulative survival rate between CRPA colonization group and CRPA infection group ( χ2=14.134, P < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the influencing factors of 30-day survival in patients with CRPA infection were agranulocytosis (P =0.022), soft tissue infection (P =0.03), and time of hospitalization before CRPA infection (P =0.041). Cox regression analysis showed that agranulocytosis was an independent risk factor affecting 30-day survival of patients with CRPA infection (HR=3.229, 95%CI :1.093-3.548, P =0.034).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with hematological disorders have high mortality and poor prognosis after CRPA infection. Bloodstream infection and soft tissue infection are the main causes of death. Patients with high suspicion of CRPA infection and high-risk should be treated as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carbapenems/therapeutic use , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Soft Tissue Infections/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Hematologic Diseases , Survival Analysis
2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 634-639, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965791

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the similarities and differences of the clinical features between persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous(PHPV)and congenital fibrovascular pupillary membrane(CFPM).METHODS: Retrospectively analyze the ocular biometric parameters, clinical features and morphological changes in children with PHPV(PHPV group)and CFPM(CFPM group)who received surgery at the department of ophthalmology, Xijing Hospital from March 2006 to December 2021.RESULTS: The study included 56 cases(61 eyes)of PHPV and 24 cases(25 eyes)of CFPM. There were no differences on the gender and age of onset between PHPV and CFPM, and both of them were mainly unilaterally affected, with the ratio of 91% and 96%. Children with PHPV and cataract combined with other complications and ocular developmental abnormalities. CFPM was mainly presented different degrees of blockage and morphological abnormalities of pupillary area. In unilateral cases of PHPV and CFPM, the anterior chamber depth(ACD)of affected eyes was smaller than that of the fellow eyes, and in subgroups with age of operation ≤24mo, the axial length(AL)of affected eyes was smaller than that of the fellow eyes(P&#x003C;0.05). The corneal diameter(CD)of the affected eyes in PHPV group was smaller and the intraocular pressure(IOP)was higher than those of the fellow eyes(all P&#x003C;0.05); while there were no significant differences on CD and IOP between affected eyes and the fellow eyes in CFPM group(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). The ACD of affected eyes in PHPV group was significantly smaller than that of CFPM group(P&#x003C;0.05). The fibrovascular membrane in PHPV group was located in the posterior part of the lens and vitreous cavity; while the fibrovascular membrane in CFPM group was located between the iris and the anterior capsule of the lens, rarely involving the lens.CONCLUSION: PHPV and CFPM had the similar clinical features, suggesting that they may belong to the different variants of persistent fetal vasculature(PFV). However, PHPV had a wider range of lesions and more complex conditions.

3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 192-197, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971025

ABSTRACT

Reprogramming of metabolism is a hallmark of tumors, which has been explored for therapeutic purposes. Prostate cancer (PCa), particularly advanced and therapy-resistant PCa, displays unique metabolic properties. Targeting metabolic vulnerabilities in PCa may benefit patients who have exhausted currently available treatment options and improve clinical outcomes. Among the many nutrients, glutamine has been shown to play a central role in the metabolic reprogramming of advanced PCa. In addition to amino acid metabolism, glutamine is also widely involved in the synthesis of other macromolecules and biomasses. Targeting glutamine metabolic network by maximally inhibiting glutamine utilization in tumor cells may significantly add to treatment options for many patients. This review summarizes the metabolic landscape of PCa, with a particular focus on recent studies of how glutamine metabolism alterations affect therapeutic resistance and disease progression of PCa, and suggests novel therapeutic strategies.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Glutamine/therapeutic use , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/drug therapy
4.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1039-1044, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998949

ABSTRACT

As one of the most severe malignant tumors, cervical cancer poses a significant threat to women. In 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) introduced the "Global Strategy to Accelerate the Elimination of Cervical Cancer" in response to well-established tertiary prevention measures. Primary prevention measures prioritize health education and the administration of prophylactic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines. China currently offers five HPV vaccines supported by extensive research data specific to the Chinese population. This paper discusses the application of HPV vaccines in China and related issues that need to be paid attention to.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 649-651,655, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992353

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is still a serious threat to the health of women in China. The current strategy is a three-level prevention strategy, among which the diversion of screening and screening abnormalities in the secondary prevention is an important link in preventing cervical cancer. For more than 20 years, China has implemented diversified screening methods such as cytological examination, high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, and naked eye screening. With the discovery that high-risk HPV infection is closely related to the occurrence of cervical cancer, the screening method for cervical cancer has shifted from cytological examination to HPV testing as the preferred screening method. This article introduces the advantages and disadvantages of high-risk HPV testing and cytological examination as screening methods, and proposes the issues that need to be paid attention to in screening; The principle of diverting screening abnormalities was proposed, and it was proposed that in the process of diverting, individualized and refined management principles should be implemented for screening abnormality projects based on the patient′s age and fertility requirements.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 35-41, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990806

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the features of Henle fiber layer (HFL) in eyes with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted.Thirty-five CSC patients (35 eyes) treated in the Third People's Hospital of Qingdao from January 2017 to November 2021 were enrolled.The subjects included 23 males (23 eyes) and 12 females (12 eyes), aged 24 to 60 years old, with an average age of (41.14±8.19) years, and had a CSC duration ranged from 1 day to 6 months.SD-OCT was performed on all eyes with a line scan through the central fovea horizontally.The features of HFL over subretinal fluid (SRF) area were analyzed and summarized.The study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Third People's Hospital of Qingdao (No.2022Y0403001).Results:In 26 eyes with regular dome-shaped neurosensory retinal detachment, HFL appeared to be delimited type 1 in 25 eyes, accounting for 96.15%, delimited type 2 in 7 eyes, accounting for 26.92%, bright in 17 eyes, accounting for 65.38% over SRF area.In 21 eyes with CSC duration≤21 days, HFL all showed delimited type 1 and some presented bright or delimited type 2 at the same time.In 5 eyes with CSC duration>21 days, HFL all showed bright and some were delimited type 1 or delimited type 2 in the meantime.In 15 eyes with symmetrical nasal and temporal retinal detachment, HFL showed symmetrical reflectivity over SRF area in horizontal OCT images in 6 eyes, and showed brighter reflectivity over nasal SRF in nasal elevated OCT images in 3 eyes and over temporal SRF in temporal elevated OCT images in 6 eyes.In 11 eyes with asymmetrical nasal and temporal retinal detachment, HFL showed brighter reflectivity over temporal SRF with larger retinal detachment range on temporal side in horizontal OCT images in 3 eyes.Of the 4 eyes with nasal elevated OCT images, the retinal detachment range was larger on temporal side and HFL showed symmetrical reflectivity over SRF area in 3 eyes, and HFL was brighter over nasal SRF area with larger retinal detachment range on nasal side in 1 eye.Of the 4 eyes with temporal elevated OCT images, the retinal detachment range was larger on nasal side and HFL showed symmetrical reflectivity over SRF area in 3 eyes, and HFL was brighter over nasal SRF area with larger retinal detachment range and higher height on nasal side in 1 eye.In 9 eyes with irregular neurosensory retinal detachment, HFL appeared to be delimited type 1 in 7 eyes, accounting for 77.78%, delimited type 2 in 5 eyes, accounting for 55.56%, bright in 6 eyes, accounting for 66.67%, dark in 4 eyes, accounting for 44.44%, and indistinct in 2 eyes, accounting for 22.22%.The detached neurosensory retina was not smooth in 7 eyes, and the phenotypes of HFL changed with the directions of detached neurosensory retina.In 2 eyes with only low neurosensory retinal detachment, HFL reflectivity on the raised side was slightly weaker than that on the lowered side.Conclusions:HFL appears to be delimited type 1 and bright mostly over SRF area in CSC in SD-OCT images.The phenotypes of HFL vary regularly with the tilt directions of OCT images, CSC duration, and the symmetry, range, height, directional characteristics of detached neurosensory retina.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 950-956, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To opti mize the supercritical CO 2 extraction technology of volatile oil from Blumea balsamifera ,and compare the components of the volatile oil from B. balsamifera obtained by supercritical CO 2 extraction and steam distillation. METHODS The volatile oil of B. balsamifera was extracted by supercritical CO 2 extraction. Using extraction rate of volatile oil as index,extraction temperature ,extraction pressure and extraction time as factors ,based on single-factor experiment ,orthogonal experiment was used to optimize the supercritical CO 2 extraction technology. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to identify the components of volatile oil from B. balsamifera . Peak area normalization was used to calculate the relative contents of each component. Taking the volatile oil obtained by steam distillation as a reference ,the extraction rates ,components and contents of volatile oil by the two methods were compared. RESULTS The optimal supercritical CO 2 extraction technology of volatile oil from B. balsamifera included extraction pressure of 30 MPa,extraction temperature of 50 ℃ and extracting for 50 min. After 3 times of validation tests ,average extraction rate of volatile oil was 4.64%(RSD=0.54%,n=3). Thirty-nine components such as tritriacontane,stigmasterol,squalene were identified in the volatile oil of B. balsamifera obtained by supercritical CO 2 extraction; and 51 components such as triacontane ,ledol,humulene epoxide Ⅰ were identified by steam distillation. The extraction rate of volatile oil from B. balsamifera obtained by 2 methods were 4.64% and 0.99%. A total of 26 common components were obtained , such as xanthoxylin ,L-borneol,β-caryophyllene. Except for xanthoxyline (34.829% by supercritical CO 2 extraction,30.676% by steam distillation method )and phytol (2.401% by supercritical CO 2 extraction,1.273% by steam distillation ),the relative contents of the components of volatile oil obtained by supercritical CO 2 extraction were lower than those of steam distillation. CONCLUSIONS The optimal supercritical CO 2 extraction technology is stable and feasible ;the components and contents of volatile oil obtained by two methods varies greatly ,and main compounds are aldehydes and ketones ,alkenes,alcohols and other components.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 395-399, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885688

ABSTRACT

Flagellum is a slender and wavy protein-attached filament on the surface of certain bacterial cells. It not only plays an important role in the movement and pathogenic ability of bacteria, but also participates in a variety of host immune regulation. Flagellin is a structural protein that forms the main part of flagellar filaments and can be recognized by TLR5 and other receptors in the host cell to induce the body′s immune response. At present, flagellin is widely used in the research of new immune adjuvants due to its immune activation, and its inflammation inhibitory effect also has good prospects against immune pathological damage. In this review, we summarized and analyzed the recent progress on the basic structure and function of flagellin, the host recognition mechanism, and its role in regulating the host immune system.

9.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 454-463, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881086

ABSTRACT

Natural product bufotenine (5) which could be isolated from Venenum Bufonis, has been widely used as a tool in central nervous system (CNS) studies. We present here its quaternary ammonium salt (6) which was synthesized with high yields using 5-benzyloxyindole as raw materials, and we firstly discover its analgesic effects in vivo. The analgesic evaluation showed that compounds 5 and 6 had stronger effects on the behavior of formalin induced pain in mice. Moreover, the combination of compound 6 and morphine has a synergistic effect. We intended to explain the molecular mechanism of this effect. Therefore, 36 analgesic-related targets (including 15 G protein-coupled receptors, 6 enzymes, 13 ion channels, and 2 others) were systemically evaluated using reverse docking. The results indicate that bufotenine and its derivatives are closely related to acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) or α

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5585-5592, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921741

ABSTRACT

Intestinal microecology is an important defense system in the human body. The intestinal flora is the core micro-ecosystem in the human intestine. It has a symbiotic relationship with the overall functions of the body. It has strong metabolic activity to maintain the normal functioning of the body and resist the invasion of various viral antigens in the body. Playing a protective function,the imbalanced intestinal microecology can cause various diseases. Polysaccharides can be extracted from a wide range of sources and have low toxicity and side effects. They have attracted wide attention because of their anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and other biological activities. Studies have demonstrated that polysaccharides can regulate intestinal microecological disorders. According to the studies in recent years, this review summarizes that polysaccharides mainly modulate intestinal microecological disorders through regulating the composition of intestinal flora, improving the metabolism of the flora, and repairing the intestinal tract barrier. On the basis of these mechanisms of action, this paper elaborates the anti-tumor, immunomodulatory, and anti-inflammatory activities of polysaccharides. This paper can provide reference for the future research on the intestinal microecology-regulating mechanism and biological activities of polysaccharides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Ecosystem , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Intestines , Polysaccharides/pharmacology
11.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 400-408, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888440

ABSTRACT

Although localized prostate cancer (PCa) can be cured by prostatectomy and radiotherapy, the development of effective therapeutic approaches for advanced prostate cancer, including castration-resistant PCa (CRPC) and neuroendocrine PCa (NEPC), is lagging far behind. Identifying a novel prognostic and diagnostic biomarker for early diagnosis and intervention is an urgent clinical need. Here, we report that apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I), the major component of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), is upregulated in PCa based on both bioinformatics and experimental evidence. The fact that advanced PCa shows strong ApoA-I expression reflects its potential role in driving therapeutic resistance and disease progression by reprogramming the lipid metabolic network of tumor cells. Molecularly, ApoA-I is regulated by MYC, a frequently amplified oncogene in late-stage PCa. Altogether, our findings have revealed a novel indicator to predict prognosis and recurrence, which would benefit patients who are prone to progress to metastasis or even NEPC, which is the lethal subtype of PCa.

12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 409-414, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888432

ABSTRACT

Accurate methods for identifying pelvic lymph node metastasis (LNM) of prostate cancer (PCa) prior to surgery are still lacking. We aimed to investigate the predictive value of peripheral monocyte count (PMC) for LNM of PCa in this study. Two hundred and ninety-eight patients from three centers were divided into a training set (n = 125) and a validation set (n = 173). In the training set, the independent predictors of LNM were analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses, and the optimal cutoff value was calculated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The sensitivity and specificity of the optimal cutoff were authenticated in the validation cohort. Finally, a nomogram based on the PMC was constructed for predicting LNM. Multivariate analyses of the training cohort demonstrated that clinical T stage, preoperative Gleason score, and PMC were independent risk factors for LNM. The subsequent ROC analysis showed that the optimal cutoff value of PMC for diagnosing LNM was 0.405 × 109 l

13.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 553-562, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905244

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the exercise and rehabilitation training programs for children's balance ability using scoping review. Methods:The literatures about children's balance ability, exercise and rehabilitation training were retrieved from CNKI, VIP, PubMed and Web of Science, until 2021-03-17. The authors, published time, countries, objects and their ages, study tools, interventions and the time, and outcomes were extracted. Results:A total of 2679 literatures were returned, 34 of which were enrolled, which came from 13 countries, and were almost published in journals of medicine, sports science, and rehabilitation and disabilities. The literatures were mainly published after 2010, investigate with measurements and scales. The measurements mainly included foot pressure system, force platform, Biodex balancer, etc.; and the scales mainly included Berg Balance Scale, Pediatric Balance Scale, Gross Motor Function Measure, Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory, and Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, etc. There were four typies of program: balance training, interactive computer games, virtual reality and sports events. Interventions for sick children included strength training, whole-body vibration training, Wii-Fit balance games and virtual reality treadmill training, etc. Sports for healthy children mainly included skating, Taiji Quan and gymnastics, etc. Conclusion:There are differences in the researches for children's balance ability at home and abroad. The abroad researches focus on the children with various diseases, in a larger age range, using more evaluation tools and more intervention methods. However, Chinese researches are usually for a longer intervention time, more subjects, and focusing more on healthy children. It is needed to pay more attention on children with diseases before three years old, for early diagnosis and treatment. Long-term effects should be observed other than immediateness after intervention.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 659-661, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819225

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B is still one of the major infectious diseases in China, and hepatitis B vaccination is the most effective method to control the spread of hepatitis B. This article compares and summarizes the similarities and differences in hepatitis B vaccination for children in major authoritative documents from China and foreign countries, elaborates on the issues of hepatitis B vaccination in children with exposure to high risks and failure of vaccination and other issues associated with hepatitis B vaccination in children in China, so as to provide suggestions for clinical practice.

15.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3209-3216, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847471

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Foot strike patterns in adults during running have always been the focus of worldwide research, and the strike patterns of children are also something that cannot be ignored. OBJECTIVE: Using biomechanical methods to explore the differences in kinematics and kinetics of children in different strike patterns during the running process, and to provide a scientific basis for children’s correct way of running. METHODS: Seventy-four children were randomly selected from a public kindergarten in Haidian District, Beijing, and were divided into 3-year-old group, 4-year-old group and 5-year-old group. The kinematics and kinetics data of enrolled children in different strike patterns during running were acquired simultaneously using the BTS infrared motion capture system, the Kistler three-dimensional force table and the VIXTA video analysis system. The muscle strength index of the lower limbs was calculated using the Anybody 5.2 simulation modeling software. Before participation in the trial, children’s parents were fully informed of study protocol and signed the informed consent form. The trial protocol met the relevant ethical requirements of Beijing Normal University. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) In the 3-year-old group, the proportion of mid foot strike (MFS) was the highest, and the proportion of fore foot strike (FFS) was the lowest. In the 5-year-old group, the proportion of MFS was the lowest, and the proportion of FFS was the highest. The rear foot strike (RFS) extension time was longer than that of FFS (P < 0.01) and MFS (P < 0.05). (2) At the moment of landing, the flexion angle of FFS was greater than that of RFS (P < 0.01) and MFS (P < 0.05), and the flexion angle of MFS was greater than that of RFS (P < 0.05). The hip adduction-abduction angle of RFS was greater than that of FFS (P < 0.01) and MFS (P < 0.05). The maximum hip abduction angle of RFS was greater than that of FFS (P < 0.01) and MFS (P < 0.01). The amount of joint changes in the RFS hip adduction and abduction was greater than that of FFS (P < 0.01) and MFS (P < 0.05). The minimum flexion and extension of RFS was greater than that of FFS (P < 0.05). The maximal hip adduction-abduction angular velocity of RFS was greater than that of FFS (P < 0.05), and the maximal knee adduction-abduction angular velocity of RFS was greater than that of FFS (P < 0.01) and MFS (P < 0.05). (3) The muscle strength of the short bones of the tibia, the long tibia and the third metatarsal muscle of FFS and MFS was greater than that of RFS (P < 0.05). The bundle muscle strength of the medial femoral muscle, the lateral femoral muscle bundle, the lateral femoral muscle bundle, the medial femoral muscle bundle, the medial femoral muscle bundle, and the medial femoral muscle of RFS were greater than that of FFS (P < 0.01) and MFS (P < 0.05). (4) In the 3-6 years old, children often run in the heel or full-foot landing mode to meet their stability during the running process. As the age increases, the running pattern with the forefoot landing gradually appears. To keep the movement steady, RFS can trigger more hip and knee frontal motions, FFS and MFS can offer more muscle strength on the anterior and posterior sides of the calf, while RFS can offer more muscle strength on the anterior side of the thigh.

16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 596-600, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826688

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the prevention effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) for chemotherapy-related myelosuppression in non-small cell lung cancer.@*METHODS@#A total of 102 patients with non-small cell lung cancer who received initial chemotherapy were randomly divided into a conventional group, a medication group and a TEAS group, 34 cases in each one. The conventional group was treated with chemotherapy of gemcitabine combined with cisplatin and given routine care. On the basis of conventional group's treatment, the medication group was given tablets before chemotherapy, 2-3 tablets each time, 3 times a day. In the TEAS group, on the basis of conventional group's treatment, TEAS was applied at Dazhui (GV 14), Geshu (BL 17), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on day 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 14, 21 and 28 of chemotherapy. The treatment was given 30 min each time and once a day. In the three groups, the treatment for 28 days was as one course and one course of treatment was required. The changes of leukocytes, platelets, erythrocyte, hemoglobin indexes in patients of the three groups were observed one day before chemotherapy and on day 5, 8, 11, 14, 21 and 28 of chemotherapy. The comfort situation of patients was observed one day before chemotherapy and on the 5th, 11th and 21st day of chemotherapy.@*RESULTS@#Compared with before chemotherapy, the leukocyte counts of three groups were decreased at various time points after chemotherapy (<0.05). Compared with the conventional group, the leukocyte counts were higher on day 8 and 14 in the TEAS group and on day 14 in the medication group (<0.05). Compared with before chemotherapy, the platelet count decreased on the day 5, 8, 11 and 14 of chemotherapy in the conventional group (<0.05), and the platelet counts all decreased at each time point after chemotherapy in the medication group (<0.05). The platelet counts of the TEAS group on day 5, 8, 11 and 14 of chemotherapy were higher than those of the conventional group (<0.05), and the platelet counts of the TEAS group on day 5, 8, 11 and 21 of chemotherapy were higher than those of the medication group (<0.05). Compared with the conventional group, the comfort situation scores of the TEAS group were higher on the 5th and 11th days of chemotherapy (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation can prevent chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression (leukocyte, platelets) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer and improve patient comfort situation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Bone Marrow , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Cisplatin , Therapeutic Uses , Deoxycytidine , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 178-183, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862710

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::Evaluate the effects of Danhong injection for perioperative percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on cardiac function and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). <b>Method::Computer retrieving CNKI, Wanfang database, VIP database, PubMed, CBM, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, gathering Danhong injection in percutaneous coronary intervention perioperative application in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction clinic trials. The Cochrane risk evaluation is adopted to improve the quality of literature evaluation, with Revman 5.3 software for Meta-analysis. <b>Result::Participants included in 12 clinic trials contains a total of 1 131 patients, including 569 patients in Danhong treatment and 562 patients in control group. The results showed that compared with conventional treatment, Danhong injection treated patients had LVEF increased obviously [mean difference (MD)=6.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) (4.91, 8.34), <italic>P</italic><0.000 01], the number of TIMI class 3 patients significantly increased[relative risk (RR)=0.22, 95%CI(0.12, 0.41), <italic>P</italic><0.000 01], and BNP levels significantly decreased [MD=151.86, 95%CI (-247.00, -56.72), <italic>P</italic>=0.002]. <b>Conclusion::Danhong injection can improve the function of acute myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3395-3406, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828432

ABSTRACT

According to the latest data, the annual mortality rate of liver cancer in China ranks the second among malignant tumors, and it has become one of the most fatal cancers in urban and rural areas. This article starts with the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicines for liver cancer to summarize the relevant literature at home and abroad, with the hope to provide theoretical references for the development of traditional Chinese medicines against liver cancer. The results show that the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicines such as Chinese herbal extracts, flavonoids, polysaccharides, alkaloids, saponins, volatile oils, terpenes, quinones, phenols, bioenzymes, and protein components are the entry points, mainly by inhibiting the proliferation of cancer cells, blocking the cancer cell cycle, inhibiting the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells, regulating signal pathways, regulating vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) and reactive oxygen species(ROS), etc. to play the effects against liver cancer. It can be seen that the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine with coordinated intervention effects at multiple levels and multiple targets are expected to become ideal medicines for the treatment of liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3584-3593, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828409

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is a disease with high mortality, which threatens the health of people for a long time. At present, the main treatment methods are surgery and chemotherapy, but these methods have great harm to the human body. However, it is found that the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine have an obvious therapeutic effect in the adjuvant treatment of the tumor. Therefore, the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine have become a research hotspot in the anti-tumor field. In recent years, many related researchers have been particularly active in studying the in vitro activity and mechanism of active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine on human gastric cancer cells. In this paper, the Chinese herbal medicine extracts, polysaccharides, alkaloids, saponins, flavones, terpenes, quinones, volatile oils, esters, phenols, protein components and other active ingredients of Chinese medicine were used as the starting points to investigate the anti-gastric cancer mechanism, such as inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis of cancer cells, inhibiting cell invasion and migration; inhibiting over-expression of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF); interfering with cell mitosis; and regulating cell signaling pathways. Their in vitro inhibitory activity and mechanism for gastric cancer cells were described in this study, providing a theoretical reference for the development and application of anti-gastric cancer drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Saponins , Stomach Neoplasms , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 530-535, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828257

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between the distribution of lower limb alignment and short term clinical efficacy in patients with varus-type osteoarthritis after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#From December 2016 to March 2018, 87 patients (101 knees) with knee osteoarthritis were treated with the first total knee arthroplasty by the same medical group, including 21 males(25 knees) and 66 females(76 knees), ranging in age from 51 to 85 years old, with a mean of (67.6±7.0) years old. According to the difference of hip knee ankle angle (HKA) after total knee arthroplasty, the patients were divided into 4 groups:neutral position group (group A), -3°≤HKA≤3°, 50 knees;slight varus group (group B), 3°0.05). There was no significant difference in knee joint activity among the 4 groups. The score of femoral prosthesis force line within ±3°was better than that of the other group (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The short term clinical efficacy of patients with knee varus osteoarthritis after primary total knee arthroplasty is related to the distribution of lower limbs alignment. The short-term clinical efficacy of slight inversion position can be similar to that of neutral position. The force line distribution of femoral prosthesis is related to the short term clinical efficacy after primary knee arthroplasty.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Knee , Knee Joint , Knee Prosthesis , Lower Extremity , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Retrospective Studies
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