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1.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 285-293, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Yi Jin Jing(Sinew-transforming Qigong Exercises)intervention on anxiety in asymptomatic patients with Corona Virus Disease 2019(COVID-19)infection during quarantine.Methods:A total of 160 asymptomatic patients with COVID-19 infection were stratified by gender and divided into an observation group and a control group by the stratified randomization method,with 80 cases in each group.The control group was given basic nursing in the cabin,and the observation group was given additional Yi Jin Jing exercises once a day,20 min each time,and trained continuously until 1 d before leaving the cabin.The Hamilton anxiety scale(HAMA)score was compared between the two groups.Results:A total of 154 cases were included for data analysis in this study,including 74 cases in the observation group and 80 cases in the control group.After intervention,the HAMA scores in both groups increased(P<0.05),while the score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group(P<0.05).In the control group,the HAMA score of females after intervention was higher than that of males.The scores of mental anxiety and somatic anxiety in both groups were higher than those before intervention,while the score of mental anxiety in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control(P<0.05).However,there was no statistical difference in the somatic score between the two groups(P>0.05).Conclusion:Patients with COVID-19 infection will get anxious during quarantine.Yi Jin Jing exercise can effectively reduce the aggravation of anxiety in asymptomatic patients with COVID-19 infection during concentrated quarantine.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 860-863, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991426

ABSTRACT

This article introduces American development process of quality-oriented education in colleges and universities which symbolizes practical teaching theory, and analyzes the reason that it is hard for colleges and universities to develop medical talents with strong humanistic quality and innovative ability. This article points out that medical colleges and universities need to make systematic standard and plan for quality-oriented education of practical teaching. The role of teachers is converting from single disseminator of theory knowledge to the instructor, organizer and participant of study. Meanwhile, the information technology should be embedded in practical teaching, which has profound effects on quality-oriented education development of medical students.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 321-328, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970468

ABSTRACT

Trimethylamine N-oxide(TMAO), a metabolite of gut microbiota, is closely associated with chronic kidney disease(CKD). It can aggravate the kidney injury and promote the occurrence of complications of CKD mainly by inducing renal fibroblast activation, vascular endothelial inflammation, macrophage foaming, platelet hyperreactivity, and inhibition of reverse cholesterol transport. Thus it is of great significance for clinical treatment of CKD to regulate circulating TMAO and alleviate its induced body damage. Currently, therapeutic strategies for TMAO regulation include dietary structure adjustment, lifestyle intervention, intestinal microflora regulation, and inhibition of intestinal trimethylamine synthesis and liver trimethylamine oxidation. Chinese medicinal herbs have the clinical advantage of multi-component and multi-target effects, and application of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) to synergistically regulating TMAO and improving CKD via multiple pathways has broad prospects. This study systematically reviewed the clinical relevance and mechanism of TMAO in aggravating CKD renal function deterioration and complication progression. In addition, the effect and mechanism of TCM in improving TMAO-induced kidney injury, cardiovascular disease, hyperlipidemia, thrombosis and osteoporosis were summarized. The results provided a theoretical basis for TCM in attenuating gut microbiota-derived metabolite TMAO and improving CKD, as well as a basis and direction for in-depth clinical development and mechanism research in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/drug therapy
4.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 558-564, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986927

ABSTRACT

Objective: To retrospectively analyse the efficacy of surgerical comprehensive treatment for hypopharyngeal cancer. Methods: Four hundred and fifty-six cases of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated from Jan 2014 to Dec 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 432 males and 24 females, aged 37-82 years old. There were 328 cases of pyriform sinus carcinoma, 88 cases of posterior pharyngeal wall carcinoma, and 40 cases of postcricoid carcinoma. According to American Joint Committe on Cancer(AJCC) 2018 criteria, 420 cases were of stage Ⅲ or Ⅳ; 325 cases were of T3 or T4 stage. Treatment methods included surgery alone in 84 cases, preoperative planned radiotherapy plus surgery in 49 cases, surgery plus adjuvant radiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy in 314 cases, and inductive chemotherapy plus surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy in 9 cases. The primary tumor resection methods included transoral laser surgery in 5 cases, partial laryngopharyngectomy in 74 cases, of them 48 cases (64.9%) presented with supracricoid hemilaryngopharyngectomy, total laryngectomy with patial pharyngectomy in 90 cases, total laryngopharyngectomy or with cervical esophagectomy in 226 cases, and total laryngopharyngectomy with total esophagectomy in 61 cases. Among 456 cases, 226 cases received reconstruction surgery with free jejunum transplantation, 61 cases with gastric pull-up, and 32 cases with pectoralis myocutaneous flaps. All patients underwent retropharyngeal lymph node dissection, and high-definition gastroscopy was performed during admission and follow-up. SPSS 24.0 software was used to analyze the data. Results: The 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were respectively 59.8%, and 49.5%. The 3-year and 5-year disease specific survival rates were respectively 69.0% and 58.8%. Total metastasis rate of retropharyngeal lymph nodes was 12.7%. A total of 132 patients (28.9%) suffered from simultaneous and metachronous multiple primary carcinoma of the hypopharynx. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that T3-4 disease, cervical lymph node metastasis, retropharyngeal lymph node metastasis and postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy were independent factors affecting the prognosis of patients (all P<0.05). As of April 30, 2022, a total of 221 patients died during follow-up, of 109 (49.3%) with distant metastases, which were the main cause of death. Conclusions: The efficacy of comprehensive treatment for hypopharyngeal cancer can be improved by accurate preoperative evaluation, improved surgical resection, active retropharyngeal lymph node dissection and full process intervention of the second primary cancer.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Neck Dissection/methods , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery
5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 483-491, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939782

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of interactive dynamic scalp acupuncture (IDSA), simple combination therapy (SCT), and traditional scalp acupuncture (TSA) on motor function and gait of the lower limbs in post-stroke hemiplegia patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 231 patients with post-stroke hemiplegia was randomly divided into IDSA (78 cases), SCT (78 cases), and TSA (75 cases) groups by a random number table. Scalp acupuncture (SA) and lower-limb robot training (LLRT) were both performed in the IDSA and SCT groups. The patients in the TSA group underwent SA and did not receive LLRT. The treatment was administered once daily and 6 times weekly for 8 continuous weeks, each session lasted for 30 min. The primary outcome measures included Fugl-Meyer assessment of the lower extremity (FMA-LE), berg balance scale (BBS), modified barthel index (MBI), and 6-min walking test (6MWT). The secondary outcome measures included stride frequency (SF), stride length (SL), stride width (SW), affected side foot angle (ASFA), passive range of motion (PROM) of the affected hip (PROM-H), knee (PROM-K) and ankle (PROM-A) joints. The patients were evaluated before treatment, at 1- and 2-month treatment, and 1-, and 2-month follow-up visits, respectively. Adverse events during 2-month treatment were observed.@*RESULTS@#Nineteen patients withdrew from the trial, with 8 in the IDSA and 5 in the SCT groups, 6 in the TSA group. The FMA-LE, BBS, 6MWT and MBI scores in the IDSA group were significantly increased after 8-week treatment and 2 follow-up visits compared with the SCT and TSA groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with pre-treatment, the grade distribution of BBS and MBI scores in the 3 groups were significantly improved at 1, 2-month treatment and 2 follow-up visits (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The SF, PROM-H, PROM-K and PROM-A in the IDSA group was significantly increased compared with the SCT and TSA groups after 8-week of treatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the SCT group, ASFA of the IDSA group was significantly reduced after 8-week of treatment (P<0.05). SF, SL, PROM-K and PROM-A were significantly increased at the 2nd follow-up visit whereas the ASFA was significantly reduced in the IDSA group compared with the SCT groups at 1st follow-up visit (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The SF was significantly increased in the SCT group compared with the TSA group after 8-week treatment (P<0.05). Compared with the TSA group, PROM-K, PROM-A were significantly increased at the 2nd follow-up visit (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The effects of IDSA on lower-limb motor function and walking ability of post-stroke patients were superior to SCT and TSA. The SCT was comparable to TSA treatment, and appeared to be superior in improving the motion range of the lower extremities. (Registration No. ChiCTR1900027206).


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Gait , Hemiplegia/therapy , Lower Extremity , Scalp , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 106-115, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of interactive dynamic scalp acupuncture (IDSA), simple combination therapy (SCT), and traditional scalp acupuncture (TSA) on cognitive function, depression and anxiety in patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment.@*METHODS@#A total of 660 patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment who were admitted to 3 hospitals in Shenzhen City between May 2017 and May 2020 were recruited and randomly assigned to the IDSA (218 cases), SCT (222 cases) and TSA groups (220 cases) according to a random number table. All the patients received conventional drug therapy for cerebral stroke and exercise rehabilitation training. Scalp acupuncture and computer-based cognitive training (CBCT) were performed simultaneously in the IDSA group, but separately in the morning and in the afternoon in the SCT group. The patients in the TSA group underwent scalp acupuncture only. The course of treatment was 8 weeks. Before treatment (M0), 1 (M1) and 2 months (M2) after treatment, as well as follow-up at 1 (M3) and 2 months (M4), the cognitive function of patients was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA) Scales; depression, anxiety, sleep quality, and self-care ability of patients were assessed using Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Modified Barthel Index (MBI), respectively. During this trial, all adverse events (AEs) were accurately recorded.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the MMSE, MoCA, HAMD, HAMA, PSQI, and MBI scores among the 3 groups at M0 (all P>0.05). In the IDSA group, the MMSE, MoCA and MBI scores from M2 to M4 were significantly higher than those in the SCT and TSA groups, while the HAMD, HAMA and PSQI scores were significantly reduced (all P<0.01). The changes of all above scores (M2-M0, M4-M0) were significantly superior to those in the SCT and TSA groups (all P<0.01, except M4-M0 of HAMD). At M2, the severity of MMSE, HAMD, HAMA, PSQI and MBI in the IDSA group was significantly lower than that in the SCT and TSA groups (all P<0.01). There was no serious AE during this trial.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IDSA can not only significantly improve cognitive function, but also reduce depression, anxiety, which finally improves the patient's self-care ability. The effect of IDSA was significantly better than SCT and TSA. (Trial registration No. ChiCTR1900027206).


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Anxiety/therapy , Cognition , Depression/therapy , Scalp , Sleep Quality , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 182-187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932821

ABSTRACT

For the moment, the surgical treatment of severe rigid cervical kyphosis is still one of the difficulties in the treatment of spinal deformity. There were not consistent in the stage of correction, choice of osteotomy method, osteotomy scope and approach. In this paper, It was expected to get further understanding by sharing one case of severe cervical kyphosis treated by anterior and posterior approach, and reviewing literature. The patient was a 23-year-old female who had functional limitation due to cervical deformity for 3 years. It showed that the cervical kyphosis vertex was C 3, 4 segment, the Cobb angle was 86°, the flexibility was 8.1%, and the atlantoaxial vertebra was dislocated and unstable by the examination of X-ray, MRI, CT and CTA examination. The cervical segmental, sequence, morphological characteristics of pedicle and lateral mass, and running of the vertebral artery were also evaluated. The deformity was corrected by a one-stage operation combined anterior and posterior approaches for intervertebral and atlantoaxial release, osteotomy of the posterior lamina articular process and fusion with bone grafting. The cervical lordosis angle was recovered to 6.7°. The patients were followed up for 4 years. There were no operative and perioperative complications and we obtained satisfied surgical result.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1584-1592, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929448

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of heart failure is a complex progression and associated with abnormal regulation of many signaling pathways. As a cofactor of hemoglobin, myoglobin, oxidative respiratory chain, DNA synthase and other important proteins, iron plays an indispensable role in myocardial energy metabolism. Recently, a large number of studies have shown that heart failure is related to the disorder of iron metabolism. Both iron deficiency and iron overload can lead to the development of a variety of cardiomyopathy, and even progress to heart failure. Iron metabolism could be a key target for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of heart failure. Here, we review the basic process of iron metabolism and its mechanism in heart failure, expecting to provide new clues and evidence for the treatment of heart failure.

9.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 574-580, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958554

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the status and epidemiological characteristics of respiratory virus infection in children with influenza-like illness in outpatient department, and to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of children in this area.Methods:Nasopharyngeal swab samples were collected from children who attended the fever clinic of The Children′s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine due to influenza-like illness from July 2021 to March 2022, and six common respiratory virus nucleic acids were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The general information of the children was collected and grouped by gender and age (0-<6 months, 6-<12 months, 1-3< year-old, 3-<6 year-old , and ≥6 year-old), and the chi-square test was used for statistical analysis between the groups to explore the epidemic pattern of respiratory viruses.Results:A total of 739 cases (45.9%, 739/1 609) of respiratory viruses were detected from children with influenza-like illness, including 651 cases (40.5%, 651/1 609) of simple infection and 88 cases (5.5%, 88/1 609) of multiple infections. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was detected in 18.6% (300/1 609), followed by influenza B virus (FluB) in 11.9% (192/1 609), adenovirus (ADV) in 8.3% (134/1 609), parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV-3) in 7.6% (123/1 609), parainfluenza virus type 1 (PIV-1) in 4.9% (79/1 609), and influenza A virus (FluA) in 0.4% (6/1 609). Multiple infections including double or triple infections, with 81(92.0%, 81/88) cases of double infection and the most common being ADV+RSV (22.7%, 20/88) and 7 (8.0%, 7/88) cases of triple infection. There was a significant difference in the virus detection rate between the age groups (χ2=17.078, P=0.002), with the highest virus detection rate in the 3-<6 years of age group (49.7%, 286/575). Among the detection of simple infection, FluB had the highest detection rate in the ≥ 6 years of age group (26.6%, 98/369), and RSV and PIV-1 had the highest detection rate in the 3-<6 years of age group (20.0%, 115/575 and 5.9%, 34/575). The total monthly virus detection rate increased from 26.8% (37/138) in July to 63.0% (58/92) in January, and decreased to 46.1% (106/230) and 26.8% (37/138) in February and March. The detection rate of RSV was the highest from August to November, the detection rate of FluB was the highest from December to March, the detection rate of ADV increased in December and January, and the detection rate of PIV-3 increased from October to December; the detection rate of PIV-1 did not fluctuate significantly, and FluA was sporadically detected. Conclusions:RSV is the main respiratory virus in children with influenza-like illness. Most respiratory viruses are present as single infections. Multiple infections are more common in double infections. FluB, RSV and PIV-1 infections showed certain age distribution characteristics, especially in children over 3 years of age. The epidemic characteristics of respiratory virus infection show that the epidemic gradually peaks from summer to autumn and winter, and turns into an epidemic decline in spring. RSV was relatively prevalent in autumn, FluB was prevalent in winter and spring, ADV and PIV-3 were prevalent to varying degrees in winter, PIV-1 continued to circulate at a low level, and FluA did not present epidemic characteristics.

10.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 425-431, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912887

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of Tuina (Chinese therapeutic massage) manipulation for pediatric adenoid hypertrophy (AH). Methods: A total of 60 children with AH were randomized into an observation group and a medication group, with 30 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with pediatric Tuina treatment, and the medication group was treated with 0.05% mometasone furoate nasal spray. The changes of main clinical symptom score, quality of life (QOL) score and X-ray nasopharynx lateral film were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results: The total effective rate of the observation group was 90.0%, and that of the medication group was 66.7%. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the A/N value [ratio of adenoid thickness (A) and nasopharyngeal cavity width (N)] of posterior nasopharyngeal lateral film did not show significant change in either group (P>0.05). After treatment, the clinical symptom scores in both groups decreased, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.001), but there was no statistical difference between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, the QOL scores of children in both groups decreased, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.001), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.001). Conclusion: Tuina manipulation is effective in treating pediatric AH, and produces a better effect in improving traditional Chinese medicine symptoms and QOL than 0.05% mometasone furoate nasal spray.

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1638-1644, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906545

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The purpose of this paper is to systematically review the impact of physical activities on cognitive flexibility of children and adolescents in China, and to provide evidence based evidence for relevant research on improving cognitive flexibility of children and adolescents by using physical activities.@*Methods@#CNKI, VIP, Wanfang Data, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, PubMed, Springer link and Science Direct database were searched. The time span of 40 articles collected in this study was from the establishment of the database to December 31, 2020.@*Results@#A total of 3 262 research samples were included in 40 articles, including 1 674 in the experimental group and 1 588 in the control group. Meta analysis showed that the total effect WMD value of literature was 121.11, Z =12.37, 95% CI =101.91-140.30 ( P <0.01); the sub group of school age children included 32 literatures, and the combined effect WMD value was 126.05, Z =10.42, 95% CI =102.34-149.76 ( P <0.01); the sub group of adolescents included 8 literatures, the combined effect WMD value was 104.00, Z =9.72, 95% CI =83.02-124.98 ( P <0.01). Compared with the control group, physical activity had a significant positive effect on the cognitive flexibility of Chinese children and adolescents. The source of heterogeneity in school age children group was tested by meta regression method. The results showed that the type of children t =12.77, 95% CI =28.79-39.74( P <0.01) was the primary source of heterogeneity in Meta analysis. The results of egger regression analysis showed that t =0.47, 95% CI =-1.48-2.37( P =0.64), and there was no publication bias.@*Conclusion@#Adolescence is the sensitive period for development of cognitive flexibility, and physical activities have a significant positive impact on the cognitive flexibility of children and adolescents.

12.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 577-583, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909489

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of theta burst stimulation(TBS)mode repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (r-TMS) in the left prefrontal on negative symptoms and cognitive function in the elderly chronic schizophrenic patients.Methods:Totally 48 patients with stable chronic senile schizophrenia (24 cases in r-TMS treatment group and 24 cases in r-TMS pseudo stimulation control group) were selected. The treatment group was given the TBS mode r-TMS performed in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. The control group was given pseudo stimulation at the same site. Before and after treatment, the brief psychiatric rating scale(BPRS), scale for assessment of negative symptoms(SANS), and positive and negative syndrome scale(PANSS)were used to assess mental symptoms, while Mattis-dementia rating scale(MDRS-2)and social adaptation functioning evaluation(SAFE)were used to assess cognitive function and social function. SPSS 20.0 was used for statistical analysis.Comparisons of the differences between inter groups and intra groups were conducted by independent sample t test and paired t-test. Results:(1)There were significant differences in the total score of PANSS scale((60.17±3.73), (56.67±3.12)), the negative symptom subscale score of PANSS((20.88±2.94), (17.96±2.33)) and the score of SANS((30.67±1.66), (30.25±1.45)) before and after treatment in the treatment group (all P<0.05). The D-value before and after treatment in the scores of BPRS ( t=3.513, P=0.001), PANSS ( t=6.048, P<0.01), negative symptom subscale ( t=6.610, P<0.01) and SANS ( t=8.239, P<0.01) were significantly different between the two groups. (2)There were significant differences in the scores of MDRS-2 and its sub scales before and after treatment in the treatment group (all P<0.05). The D-value before and after treatment in the scores of MDRS-2 ( t=6.216, P<0.01), attention ( t=4.596, P<0.01), start/maintain ( t=6.424, P<0.01), concept formation ( t=3.974, P<0.01), construction( t=2.194, P=0.033) and memory ( t=3.162, P=0.003) were significantly different between the two groups.(3)There was no significant difference in the SAFE score between the treatment group and the control group before and after treatment ( t=0.138, 0.142, both P>0.05). Conclusion:TBS can improve the negative symptoms and cognitive function in patients with the elderly chronic schizophrenic, but the effect of social function is not clear.

13.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1636-1642, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909261

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the expression of miR-378 in cervical cancer and investigate its effects on the proliferation and invasion of cancer cells as well as the underlying mechanism.Methods:A total of 185 cervical tissue samples of women who received gynecological examination in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2012 to January 2016 were included in this study. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to determine the expression of miR-378 in cervical tissue and C-33A cells. Western blot assay was performed to detect the expression of different cancer genes ATG12, CCND1 and pRb in C-33A cells. BrdU cell proliferation and Transwell invasion assay were performed to determine cell proliferation and invasion. Target Scan was used to predict and screen miR-378 gene targets and verified by a dual-luciferase reporter assay system.Results:The expression of miR-378 in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) III lesioned tissue and cervical cancer tissue was significantly higher than that in normal cervical tissues ( F = 103.091, t = 9.381, 8.936, both P < 0.05). The expression of miR-378 in cervical cancer tissues with positive lymph node metastasis was significantly higher than that in cervical cancer tissues with negative lymph node metastasis ( t = 1.007, P < 0.01). The overexpression of miR-378 in cervical cancer tissues significantly promoted the migration and invasion of C-33A cells ( t = 5.285, P < 0.05), while low expression of miR-378 in cervical cancer tissues significantly inhibited the migration and invasion of HeLa cells ( t = 2.941, P < 0.05). The overexpression of miR-378 in C-33A cells significantly decreased the expression of ATG12, CCND1and pRb ( t = 1.382, 1.431 and 2.086, all P < 0.05). The low expression of miR-378 in C-33A cells significantly increased the expression of ATG12, CCND1 and pRb ( t = 3.961, 3.062 and 2.894, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:miR-378 can greatly promote the metastasis of cervical cancer cells. ATG12, as a direct target of miR-378, provides new insights into the molecular mechanism underlying cervical cancer pathology and therapeutic target.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2538-2542, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887436

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To summarize and analyze t he clinical characteristics of acarbose-induced skin ADR ,and to provide reference for its therapy. METHODS :Clinical pharmacists participated in the treatment of a patient with acarbose-induced skin ADR. The patient developed erythema multiforme several days after oral administration of Acarbose tablets (100 mg/d). After consultation by dermatology and clinical pharmacy ,considering that the adverse reaction was related to acarbose ,clinical pharmacists suggested to stop the drug. Based on the above cases ,clinical pharmacists searched Wanfang database ,CNKI, PubMed,Embase and other databases to collect case reports of skin ADR caused by acarbose ,summarize its general situation (gender,age,usage and dosage ,etc.),latency,ADR(diagnosis and manifestation ),intervention and outcome ,etc. RESULTS : The doctor adopted the pharmacist s’advice,stopped the use of acarbose ,and gave symptomatic treatment as Methylprednisolone sodium succinate for injection 40 mg(intravenous injection ,qd)+Medloratadine tablets 8.8 mg(oral administration ,qd)+Calamine lotion(for external use ). The patient improved and was discharged after 10 days. A total of 12 literatures involving 12 patients were retrieved. Among the 13 patients included in the analysis (including the above clinical case and 12 literature cases ),there were 8 males and 5 females,and 8 patients of them aged 50 and over;the dosage of acarb ose in most patients was within the requirements of the drug instructions. The primary diseases of 12 patients were diabetes mellitus. The latency of skin ADR in 11 patients was within 6 days of administration. Among the 13 patients,the ADR were diagnosed as rash in 4 cases,pustulosis in 3 cases, erythema multiforme in 2 cases, urticaria in 2 cases, maculopapular rash in 1 case and lip swelling in 1 case. The ADR of 1 patient improved after drug withdrawal ,and 12 patients also improved after drug withdrawal and symptomatic treatment such as glucocorticoid or antihistamine. Acarbose was re-used in 2 patients after the improvement of first skin ADR ,and skin ADR occurred again ,and the ADR were improved after drug withdrawal and symptomatic treatment. CONCLUSIONS :Skin ADR are acarbose-induced rare ADR ,mostly within 6 days of medication ,and are more likely to occur in middle-aged and older men. When the patients suffer from ADR ,the drug should be stopped in time and given glucocorticoids or antihistamines for symptomatic treatment. Clinical pharmacists should do a good job in drug publicity and education ,remind patients to closely monitor relevant indicators and ensure drug safety.

15.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 92-100, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878704

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the research status,hotspots,and frontiers of atherosclerosis genomics from 2010 to 2019.Methods CiteSpace software was used to conduct data statistics and visual analysis on countries,institutions,authors,journals,co-cited papers,and keywords of the related papers published in the Web of Science from 2010 to 2019.Results A total of 1021 papers in English were included,and the annual number of publications generally showed an upward trend.The knowledge base in the research of atherosclerosis mostly focused on the genetic risk sites and biomarkers for coronary artery diseases such as coronary heart disease,myocardial infarction,and dyslipidemia.The related journals mainly involved the fields of molecular biology,biology,genetics,immunology,medicine,pharmacy,and clinical medicine.The latest research in atherosclerosis concentrated on genome-wide association study,DNA methylation,microRNA,messenger RNA and so on.The research frontiers involved long noncoding RNA,DNA methylation,and immune metabolism.Conclusion The studies in atherosclerotic genomics have gradually increased.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Bibliometrics , Biomarkers , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genomics
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 471-477, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training and lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone for lower-limb motor dysfunction after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 154 patients with lower-limb motor dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group (76 cases, 6 cases dropped off) and a control group (78 cases, 8 cases dropped off). The patients in both groups were treated with conventional medication and exercise rehabilitation training. In addition, the patients in the observation group were treated with scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training. The scalp acupuncture was given at upper 1/5 of the anterior oblique line of parietal temporal area and upper 1/5 of the posterior oblique line of parietal temporal area. The patients in the control group were treated with lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone. All the treatment was given once a day, 6 days a week, totaling for 8 weeks. The affected-side lower-limb Brunnstrom stage and modified Ashworth scale (MAS) grade, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), Berg balance scale (BBS) score and modified Barthel index (MBI) score were evaluated before and after treatment in the two groups. The plantar pressure was measured by gait function evaluation system.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the Brunnstrom stage in the two groups was improved after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#The scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training could reduce the muscle tension of lower limbs, promote the separation movement mode of lower limbs, improve the plantar pressure distribution, and improve the balance ability and walking ability in stroke patients, and the curative effect is better than lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Feedback , Scalp , Stroke/complications , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
17.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 297-308, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874812

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: Shunt infection is a common complication while treating hydrocephalus. The antibiotic-impregnated shunt catheter (AISC) was designed to reduce shunt infection rate. A meta-analysis was conducted to study the effectiveness of AISCs in reduction of shunt infection in terms of age, follow-up time and high-risk patient population. @*Methods@#: This study reviewed literature from three databases including PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library (from 2000 to March 2019). Clinical studies from controlled trials for shunt operation were included in this analysis. A subgroup analysis was performed based on the patient’s age, follow-up time and high-risk population. The fixed effect in RevMan 5.3 software (Cochrane Collaboration) was used for this meta-analysis. @*Results@#: This study included 19 controlled clinical trials including 10105 operations. The analysis demonstrated that AISC could reduce the infection rate in shunt surgery compared to standard shunt catheter (non-AISC) from 8.13% to 4.09% (odds ratio [OR], 0.48; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.40–0.58; p=0.01; I2=46%). Subgroup analysis of different age groups showed that AISC had significant antimicrobial effects in all three groups (adult, infant, and adolescent). Follow-up time analysis showed that AISC was effective in preventing early shunt infections (within 6 months after implant). AISC is more effective in high-risk population (OR, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.14–0.40; p=0.60; I2=0%) than in general patient population. @*Conclusion@#: The results of meta-analysis indicated that AISC is an effective method for reducing shunt infection. We recommend that AISC should be considered for use in infants and high-risk groups. For adult patients, the choice for AISC could be determined based on the treatment cost.

18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1611-1615, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931969

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical application and curative effect of brachytherapy of denture applicators with 125I seeds in the treatment of palatal malignant tumor. Methods:Thirty patients with palatal malignant tumor who underwent surgical resection in Shandong Provincial Hospital from February 2012 to January 2020, and brachytherapy was performed with applicator additional 125I seeds 2 weeks after surgery. All patients were followed up for treatment effect and adverse reactions. Results:All patients wore 125I seeds denture base denture applicator well, no 125I seeds displacement and loss. 30 patients had 10-60 months of follow-up, among which 1 patient received palliative treatment with 125I seeds denture applicator alone died after 10 months of follow-up; 1 patient with adenoid cystic carcinoma recurred after 2 years of follow-up and underwent surgical treatment again; the rest patients did not see tumor recurrence or metastasis. The side effects, pronunciation and chewing function were improved in patients ( P<0.05). Conclusions:For patients with palatal malignant tumor, postoperative 125I seeds denture applicator can effectively prevent tumor recurrence and metastasis, reduce complications, and improve the quality of life.

19.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2558-2560, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866621

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors of the reproductive system in women.Despite a significant increase in early screening rates and a better preventive effect on the introduction of cervical cancer vaccine, the incidence is still the second highest in female malignant tumors, and gradually tends to young women.The major cause of disease is the persistent infection of the high-risk HPV virus, tumor invasion and metastasis is still a huge obstacle to effective treatment of cervical cancer.Studying the molecular mechanism of the metastasis and invasion of cervical cancer may provide a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of cervical cancer.This paper reviews the relationship between miR-378 and the invasion and metastasis of cervical cancer, in order to provide more effective methods for the prevention and treatment of cervical cancer.

20.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 766-768, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866327

ABSTRACT

Due to the particularity of pelvic anatomical structure, intermuscular venous thrombosis of lower extremity is very easy to form after gynecologic surgery.After thrombosis, it can migrate and diffuse, leading to fatal pulmonary embolism or sequelae of thrombosis after organization.Seriously, it will threaten patients' health and quality of life.How to evaluate and diagnose early is especially vital.In this article, the early diagnosis of intermuscular venous thrombosis of lower extremity after gynecologic surgery was summarized.Mainly from the aspects of high risk factors, application of risk assessment scale, clinical manifestations, auxiliary examination and so on., it was briefly analyzed.

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