Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 22
Filter
1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1005-1009, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269308

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Bare stent implantation in the treatment for native and recurrent coarctation of the aorta (CoA) has become established as an alternative to surgery and balloon angioplasty. However, this modality still encounters significant complications during the procedure and/or follow-up. The covered Cheatham-Platinum (CP) stent commonly used to be chosen as a rescue treatment in these patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of covered CP stent as the primary modality in the treatment for native CoA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-five covered CP stents and 2 bare CP stents were implanted in 25 patients with native CoA. All patients after the intervention were invited for follow-up examinations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The peak systolic gradient across the lesion decreased significantly from a median value of 67.5 mmHg (quartile range, 19.3 mmHg) to 2 mmHg (quartile range, 4.0 mmHg) (P < 0.0001). Stenotic segment diameter increased from a median value of 5.0 mm (quartile range, 1.5 mm) to 17.9 mm (quartile range, 2.5 mm) (P < 0.0001). The median ratio of diameter of the coarctation postprocedure to preprocedure was 4.2 (quartile range, 1.6). All of the CP stents were placed in the suitable position without any acute complications. During a follow-up period of up to 72 months, no complications were encountered. Most of the patients (21/25) were normotensive, apart from four patients requiring antihypertensive medication during the follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The implantation of covered CP stent as the primary modality is safe and effective in the treatment for native CoA in adolescents and adults.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon , Aortic Coarctation , Pathology , Therapeutics , Platinum , Stents , Systole
2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1012-1015, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292051

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical and cardiac imaging characteristics of patients with left ventricular apical hypoplasia (LVAH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2008 to January 2012, seven patients [3 male/4 female, age: 6 - 44 (19.9 ± 14.2) years] with LVAH were included in this cohort. Transthoracic echocardiogram was performed in all patients, cardiovascular MRI was performed in 3 patients and cardiovascular CT in another 2 patients. In addition, one LVAH patient underwent cardiac catheterization and angiography examination.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Four out of 7 patients complained chest discomfort. Precordial murmur was heard in 3 patients. Atrial fibrillation was evidenced by electrocardiogram in 3 patients. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter [(57.9 ± 11.6) mm] increased while left ventricule (LV) longitudinal diameter reduced in all patients. Left ventricular systolic function was reduced in 2 patients and mean LVEF was (47.6 ± 17.2)%. The interventricular septum bulged towards the right, and the ventricular septum thickness was (7.3 ± 1.2) mm. The papillary muscles were dominant on the flattened LV anteroapical region. The right ventricle elongated and wrapped around the hypoplastic left ventricular apex, and the dimension of right ventricle was (19.7 ± 7.6) mm. Focal fat replacement of the left ventricular apical wall was evidenced in 5 patients underwent cardiovascular MRI or CT examinations.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Clinical symptoms are non-specific in LVAH patients. Truncated and spherical LV, abnormal origin of papillary muscles in the flattened LV anterior apex and an elongated right ventricle wrapping around the LV apex as well as focal fat replacement of the left ventricular apical wall are typical imaging characteristics of LVAH.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Diagnostic Imaging , Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Ultrasonography
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 45-48, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244061

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for differentiation of true from false left ventricular aneurysm in patients after myocardial infraction (MI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-six patients [22 males/4 females, mean age (59.3 ± 9.3) years] with left ventricular aneurysm after MI were imaged with MRI, echocardiography and coronary angiography. The respective findings were compared with surgical pathology results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 24 patients with dyspnea and 15 patients with hypertension. LVEF measured by echocardiography was 36.9% ± 9.1% in this patient cohort. Cardiac MRI showed that the left ventricular end diastolic wall thickness was thinner than 5.5 mm in 24 cases, and between 5.5 to 8 mm in 2 cases. The dimension of left ventricle was (67.8 ± 9.3) mm. Dyskinesia presented in 24 cases, and akinesia in 2 cases. Delayed enhancement was shown in all cases by MRI. Cardiac MRI detected left ventricular true aneurysm in 23 cases, false aneurysm in 3 case and left ventricular thrombi in 7 cases. The diagnosis by magnetic resonance imaging corresponded well to pathological findings. Echocardiography misdiagnosed pseudoaneurysm in 1 patient, and failed to detected left ventricular thrombi in 2 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cardiac MRI could correctly differentiate true from false left ventricular aneurysm in patients after MI.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Angiography , Diagnosis, Differential , Echocardiography , Heart Aneurysm , Diagnosis , Heart Ventricles , Pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myocardial Infarction , Diagnosis
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 152-155, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244034

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical characteristics of left ventricular fat replacement.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We identified 45 patients [28M/17F, mean age (51.9 ± 14.7) years] with left ventricular myocardial fat replacement (CT value ≤ -30 Hu) by cardiovascular CT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 45 patients, 25 patients [20M/5F, mean age (61.2 ± 10.4) years]were diagnosed as coronary artery disease (CAD). There was 56%single-vessel disease, 20% double-vessel disease and 24%triple-vessel disease, true left ventricular aneurysm was detected in 3 patients and left ventricular thrombi in 1 patient, the dimension of left ventricle was (54.5 ± 9.4) mm and the LVEF was (51.8 ± 13)% in CAD group. In this group, fat replacement occurred in the region of myocardial infarction and presented as curvilinear band in subendocardial region. The left ventricular wall thickness was lower than 5 mm in 21 cases. The location of fat replacement in CAD group is as follows: apical region in 18 patients, distal septal in 15 patients, distal anterior in 11 patients, mid-septal in 7 patients, mid-anterior in 7 patients and basal in 1 patients. The age of remaining 20 patients (8M/12F) without CAD were (57.8 ± 13.3) years. In the group of non-CAD, dilated cardiomyopathy was diagnosed in 3 patients, atrial septal defect in 1 patient, rheumatic heart disease in 1 patient, there was no structural heart disease in the remaining 15 patients. The dimension of left ventricle was (51.1 ± 9.1) mm and the LVEF was (59.4 ± 13.9)%. In non-CAD group, fat replacement mainly occurred in septal region, presented as curvilinear band in 17 patients and patch in 3 patients. The location of fat replacement in this group is as follows: mid-septal region in 11 patients, distal-septal in 10 patients and apical in 9 patients. The intramural fat replacement was detected in 14 patients: subendocardial fat replacement in 10 patients and both intramural and subendocardial fat replacement in 4 patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Left ventricular fat replacement could be documented in CAD patients, non-CAD cardiomyopathy patients and in patients without structural heart disease. Left ventricular fat replacement often positioned in apical region in CAD patients as a consequence of infarct healing while mostly positioned in septal region in non-CAD patients, the definite clinical implication of left ventricular fat replacement in non-CAD patients remains to be clarified.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adipocytes , Cell Biology , Adipose Tissue , Heart Ventricles , Diagnostic Imaging , Myocardial Infarction , Diagnostic Imaging , Myocardium , Cell Biology , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Diagnostic Imaging
5.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; (6): 245-249, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643234

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare 99Tcm-MIBI MPI with delayed enhancement MRI (DE-MRI) in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM). Methods Forty patients with IDCM were included. They underwent both rest 99Tcm-MIBI myocardial perfusion imaging and DE-MRI within 7 days. 99Tcm-MIBI MPI was performed to identify diffuse or segmental abnormal perfusion patterns including reduced or defect perfusion segments. DE-MRI images were divided into 4 categories: no delayed enhancement, septal, subendocardial and transmural delayed enhancement, x2 test was used for data analysis. Results Diffuse and segmental perfusion abnormality on 99Tcm-MIBI MPI were found in 19 (47.5%) and 21 (52.5%)patients respectively, while DE-MRI enhancement was simultaneously found in 5 patients of the former (5/19, 26.3%) and 18 (18/21, 85.7%) of the latter (x2 =14.401, P<0. 001). For those (n=18) with both segmental perfusion abnormality and DE-MRI enhancement, the number of segments of the 4 DE-MRI respectively. A significant difference was found in the DE-MRI enhancement categories between normal and defect perfusion segments (x2 = 29. 183, P <0.001 ) and between reduced and defect perfusion segments as well (x2 =25. 110, P<0. 001). Conclusions Both diffuse and segmental perfusion abnormalities on 99Tcm-MIBI MPI can be found in patients with IDCM. DE-MRI enhancement is more frequently found in patients with segmental perfusion abnormality.

6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 392-397, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341206

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To characterize the clinical and cardiac MRI features of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Compared the clinical and MRI features between 25 patients with LVNC and 21 patients with DCM. The MRI derived diastolic left ventricular wall thickness and the number and degree of noncompaction (NC) were evaluated using the 17-segment model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Chest distress, shortness of breath and abnormal ECG were presented in all DCM patients, abnormal ECG was evidenced in 22 LVNC patients and 21 out of 25 LVNC patients presented similar clinical symptoms as DCM patients while the rest 4 LVNC patients were asymptomatic. Left atrial and ventricular dimensions were significantly smaller in LVNC patients compared to DCM patients. The degree of left ventricular (LV) spherical remodeling was significantly greater in patients with DCM (sphericity index, SI = 0.81 +/- 0.06) than in patients with LVNC (SI = 0.74 +/- 0.11, P < 0.05). The LV ejection fraction (LVEF) was significantly higher in patients with LVNC (32.7% +/- 14.2%) than that in patients with DCM (15.0% +/- 5.1%). The number of NC segments in LVNC patients (9 +/- 1) was significantly higher than the number of hypertrabeculation segment in DCM patients (5 +/- 2). The left ventricular apex (the 17th segment) was unexceptionally involved in all LVNC patients, while hypertrabeculation was absent in the 17th segment of DCM patients. The NC was more common in the apical and mid segments (16th, 12th and 11th segments) than in basal and mid septal segments (2nd, 3rd, 8th and 9th segments) in both LVNC and DCM patients. The thickness of compacted myocardium of the segments associated with noncompaction appeared thin in two groups. The wall thickness of noncompaction myocardium segments was thicker in LVNC patients than in DCM patients. The end-diastolic NC/C ratio was, on average, higher in patients with LVNC (3.3 +/- 0.6) than in patients with DCM (1.9 +/- 0.3).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The clinical manifestation is similar while there are significant differences in the morphology and function of left atria and left ventricle between the LVNC and DCM patients. The different distribution and degree of NC were helpful to differentiate LVNC from DCM.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiomyopathies , Pathology , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Pathology
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 518-521, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244200

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The study was conducted to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of fibrinolytic therapy for femoral artery thrombosis after left cardiac catheterization in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thrombolytic therapy with urokinase was applied in 16 children (5 males) with femoral artery thrombosis after left cardiac catheterization. Patients were given a bolus injection of heparin, 100 U/kg. 30,000-100,000 U boluses of urokinase were injected intravenously, and then a continuous infusion of 10,000-50,000 U/h was started. Transcatheter thrombolysis was performed once previous procedures failed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 16 patients presented lower limbs ischemia after left cardiac catheterizations. The age was (2.6 +/- 1.9) years, the height was (85.3 +/- 13.1) cm, the weight was (11.2 +/- 3.8) kg. Patients with cyanotic and acyanotic congenital heart disease were 2 and 14, respectively. Interventional therapy was performed in 12 patients. Absent arterial pulsations were found in 15 patients and reduced arterial pulsation in 1 patient. Femoral arterial perfusion became normal in all patients (3 after transcatheter thrombolysis, 11 post intravenous thrombolysis and 2 post intravenous heparin). The average doses of heparin and urokinase were (950 +/- 682) U and (295,357 +/- 198,770) U. The average duration of therapy was (7.25 +/- 5.31) h. Mild residual stenosis were found in 2 patients post various treatments.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Fibrinolytic therapy with urokinase is a safe and useful modality for children with femoral artery thrombosis after left cardiac catheterization.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Cardiac Catheterization , Femoral Artery , Fibrinolytic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Heparin , Therapeutic Uses , Postoperative Complications , Drug Therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy , Thrombosis , Drug Therapy , Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator , Therapeutic Uses
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 781-785, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244147

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>to analyze the clinical data and hypertrophic segments distribution of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>clinical data including signs and symptoms, electrocardiogram and echocardiography were collected. All patients were imaged with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>from March 2004 to March 2007, 225 consecutive patients [163 males, mean age (50.4 ± 14.5) years] with CMR defined HCM were included in this study, positive familial history was obtained in 73 patients, 50 patients were associated with hypertension, 14 patients with coronary artery disease and 5 patients with diabetes mellitus, 28 patients were asymptomatic, 197 patients were symptomatic, and 11 patients with syncope. Electrocardiogram abnormalities occurred in 216 patients. Systolic murmurs were present in 126 patients. Echocardiography examination evidenced left ventricular outflow obstruction in 95 patients, mitral insufficiency in 32 patients, 32.1% segments were hypertrophied, asymmetrical hypertrophy presented in 222 patients and symmetrical hypertrophy in 3 patients. The left atrial dimension was (39.4 ± 8.3) mm, and left ventricular diastolic dimension was (47.8 ± 5.5) mm in this cohort. Apical hypertrophy occurred in 67 patients. The thickness of ventricular septum was (24.3 ± 5.3) mm in obstructive HCM and (21.6 ± 4.6) mm in non-obstructive HCM (P < 0.05). The thickness of hypertrophy apical segment was (15.6 ± 3.4) mm.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HCM in Chinese patients is characterized by the high prevalence among men and late onset of presentation. Combining clinical, electrocardiogram, echocardiographic and CMR results are of importance for correctly diagnosing HCM in daily practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Diagnosis , Pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myocardium , Pathology
9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1089-1092, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244098

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical and angiographic characteristics of mid-ventricular hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (MV-HOCM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MV-HOCM was diagnosed in 5 patients [3 males, mean age: 16 - 73 (44 ± 22) years]. Left ventricular catheterization and angiography were performed in all patients, and the pressures were recorded in the left ventricular apical chamber, basal chamber, outflow tract and ascending aorta.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of five patients with MV-HOCM, chest discomfort occurred in four patients and syncope in two patients. All patients presented systolic murmur and asymmetric left ventricular hypertrophy. The thickness of ventricular septum was 19 - 31 (23.8 ± 5.4) mm, the dimension of left ventricle was 35 - 55 (43.4 ± 7.4) mm and the LVEF was 53% - 70% (64.2% ± 6.9%). Electrocardiogram showed left ventricular hypertrophy with Q waves in all patients, ventricular tachycardia in 1 patient and complete left bundle branch block in 1 patient. Mid-ventricular obstruction was found in all patients and the pressure gradient in mid-ventricle was 45 - 102 (68.6 ± 24.1) mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa). Coronary angiogram documented muscular bridge presented in 1 patient and coronary artery disease in 1 patient. Left ventricular apical aneurysm was seen in 2 patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MV-HOCM was a distinguished subtype of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, and left cardiac catheterization and angiography examinations are necessary for confirming diagnosis and guiding related therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angiocardiography , Cardiac Catheterization , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Heart Ventricles , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1006-1009, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244077

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The study was performed to observe the angiocardiographic characteristics of patients post bidirectional Glenn procedure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-eight consecutive patients [24 male/14 female, age 0.9 - 28 (7.8 ± 5.6) years] underwent bidirectional Glenn procedure were included in this study. Postoperative cardiac catheterization and angiocardiography were performed at 2 - 7 (4.1 ± 1.9) years after bidirectional Glenn procedure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 38 patients, pulmonary arterial mean pressure (PAMP) was (14.8 ± 4.5) mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa), the mean pressure of superior vena cava (MPSVC) was (15.4 ± 5.4) mm Hg and no pressure gradient was detected. Elevated pulmonary arterial pressure was evidenced in 9 patients: PAMP was (21.5 ± 2.9) mm Hg and MPSVC was (22.9 ± 5.1) mm Hg. Systemic venous collateral channels (SVCC) were shown in 14 patients and PAMP [(16.7 ± 5.7) mm Hg vs. (13.7 ± 3.4) mm Hg, P < 0.05] and MPSVC [(17.8 ± 7.2) mm Hg vs. (14.0 ± 3.6) mm Hg, P < 0.05] were higher in SVCC patients compared to patients without SVCC. Transcatheter closure was successfully performed in 2 patients. Distribution of SVCC was as follows: Posterior SVCC in 12 patients (associated anterior SVCC in 3 patients and middle SVCC in 1 patient), middle SVCC in 2 patients. Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae were presented in 2 patients. Aortopulmonary collateral arteries were presented in another 2 patients and were successfully occluded percutaneously.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Catheterization and angiocardiography play an important role in recognizing the complications post bidirectional Glenn procedure.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Young Adult , Angiocardiography , Fontan Procedure , Heart Defects, Congenital , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Diagnostic Imaging , Postoperative Period , Pulmonary Artery , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1014-1018, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244076

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the stem cell re-distribution after intra-coronary infusion (ICI) into arrested and beating hearts in a swine myocardial infarction (MI) model using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells were obtained from male swine and labeled with iron oxide during culture. One week after MI in female swine, the survivors were randomly divided into 4 groups. Cardiopulmonary bypass was set up to arrest the heart, and then SPIO labeled male stem cells (1 × 10(8)) were infused through coronary of beating heart (n = 6) and the arrested heart (n = 6). Saline was injected in either the beating or arresting heart as respective controls. Three days later, cell distribution was assessed by T2(*) change with magnetic resonance imaging and Y-chromosome (SRY) was detected with quantitative polymerase chain reaction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The reduction of T2(*) values was significantly different in the hearts, spleens, livers and lung between the transplantation groups and the control groups. Only few transplanted cells were localized in the heart and T2(*) values were similar between beating and arrest heart groups [(-7.81 ± 2.03) ms vs. (-6.56 ± 1.72) ms, P > 0.05], while T2(*) value reduction was more significant in the spleen and liver in arrest heart group than in beating heart group [spleen: (-16.72 ± 2.83) ms vs. (-22.18 ± 3.98) ms, P < 0.01, liver: (-2.40 ± 0.44) ms vs. (-5.32 ± 3.40) ms, P < 0.05]. T2(*) value was similar in kidney among the four groups. qRT-PCR detected SRY gene was similar in the heart, less in the spleen and liver while more in the lung in beating heart group compared to arrested heart group. In vitro Prussian blue stained positively transplanted cells were found in the above organs in transplantation group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The majority of stem cells transplanted by ICI would be entrapped by the extracardiac organs. Stem cell transplantation via ICI into the arrested heart does not favor more cells retention in the injured myocardium. Further investigation is needed to optimize the approach of stem cell delivery.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Disease Models, Animal , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Myocardial Infarction , General Surgery , Myocytes, Cardiac , Stem Cells , Swine
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 931-934, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279807

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Femoral artery thrombosis is one of the most common complications of catheterizations in infants and young children. This study was conducted to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of thrombolytic therapy for femoral artery thrombosis after left cardiac catheterization in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thrombolytic therapy with urokinase was carried out in children with femoral artery thrombosis after left cardiac catheterization. Each patient was given a bolus injection of heparin (100 U/kg). A bolus of urokinase (30,000 - 100,000 U) was injected intravenously, and then a continuous infusion of 10 000 - 50 000 U/h was administered. Transcatheter thrombolysis was performed once previous procedures failed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight patients (aged (3.1 +/- 2.3) years (8 months to 7 years), body weight (13.1 +/- 4.2) kg (7 to 20 kg)) presented lower limbs ischemia after left cardiac catheterizations was performed. Seven patients accepted thrombolytic therapy with urokinase. In 5 patients, peripheral intravenous thrombolysis was successful with restoration of a normal pulse. In the other 3 cases, peripheral intravenous thrombolysis failed, followed by successful transcatheter thrombolysis. The average duration of therapy was (7.25 +/- 5.31) hours (1 - 17 hours). The average doses of heparin and urokinase were (1600 +/- 723) U (800 - 3000 U) and (268 571 +/- 177 240) U (50 000 - 500 000 U), respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in partial thromboplastin time before and during urokinase therapy ((40.6 +/- 22.3) to (49.9 +/- 39.2) seconds). However, the prothrombin time was significantly longer ((12.7 +/- 2.58) to (48.1 +/- 18.6) seconds, P < 0.05). Patency of the target vessel was evaluated in all the patients for 2 weeks and no occlusion recurred.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Thrombolytic therapy with urokinase is a safe and useful modality in children with femoral artery thrombosis after left cardiac catheterization.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Cardiac Catheterization , Femoral Artery , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Fibrinolytic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Heparin , Therapeutic Uses , Radiography , Thrombolytic Therapy , Methods , Thrombosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome , Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator , Therapeutic Uses
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 233-239, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294743

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy of transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) with gelatin microspheres containing vascular endothelial growth factor in ischemic regions in infracted swine hearts.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve Chinese mini swines with infarction were randomized to receive autogenetic MSC injection to the peri-infarction area of left ventricular wall (MSC group, n = 6) or MSC transplantation with gelatin hydrogel microspheres incorporating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-MSC group, n = 6). Three weeks later, left ventricular function was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The contrast of the MSC hypointense lesion was determined using the difference in signal intensity between the hypointense and normal myocardium divided by signal intensity of the normal region. Myocardial capillary density, the number of DAPI positive MSC and the apoptotic MSC were also determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The diameter of the microspheres averaged (104.0 +/- 22.6) microm. At 24 hours after transplantation, MSC were identified by MRI as large intramyocardial signal voids at injection sites which persisted up to 3 weeks. There was no significant difference in the contrast of the lesions and in the size of the lesions at 24 hours between two groups. At 3 weeks after injection, the size of the lesions and the contrast of the lesion were decreased (P < 0.05) in both groups. The capillary density of the injection site was significantly more in the MSC-VEGF microsphere group than that in MSC group [(15.2 +/- 5.4)/HPF vs. (10.2 +/- 5.0)/HPF, t = 2.43, P < 0.05], and there were more dense DAPI labeled MSC per high power fields in injection sites of MSC-VEGF microsphere group than that in MSC group [(354 +/- 83)/HPF vs. (278 +/- 97)/HPF, t = 3.14, P < 0.05]. Moreover, the apoptosis rate of MSCs of MSCs-VEGF microsphere group was less than that of MSC group [(6.4 +/- 4.1)% vs. (11.9 +/- 4.8)%, t = 2.97, P < 0.05].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MSC transplantation with gelatin hydrogel microspheres incorporating VEGF enhanced the efficacy of MSC in this swine model of myocardial infarction. MRI tracking of MSC is feasible and represents a preferred method for studying the engraftment of MSCs in infracted tissue.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Metabolism , Gelatin , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Metabolism , Microspheres , Myocardial Infarction , Swine , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 969-974, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355851

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the therapeutic effects of stem cell transplantation in heart failure patients with old myocardial infarction (OMI) by MRI.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Heart failure patients [NYHA 2.7 +/- 0.7, male = 18, mean age (59.5 +/- 10.1) y] with OMI were randomly divided into 2 groups (group A: CABG + stem cell transplantation, group B: CABG; n = 10 each). Left ventricular (LV) function was measured by MRI, viable myocardium was detected by (18)F-FDG myocardial metabolism imaging and late contrast-enhanced at baseline and 6 months post intervention.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LVEF and LVEDV at baseline for group A were (20.71 +/- 6.09)% and (172.73 +/- 32.74) ml, and for group B were (27.59 +/- 2.31)% and (155.13 +/- 28.36) ml, respectively (P > 0.05). The LVEF was equally improved in group A and B (mean 8.63% vs. 10.37%, P > 0.05) while DeltaLVEDV was significant higher in group A than that in group B [(9.91 +/- 39.50) ml vs. (-22.34 +/- 31.35) ml, P < 0.05]. Ventricular wall thickening ratio at 6 months post intervention was significantly higher in group A than that in group B [(11.40 +/- 11.53)% vs. (2.27 +/- 7.20)%, P < 0.05]. Late contrast-enhanced MRI results correlated with (18)F-FDG myocardial metabolism imaging SPECT well in assessment of myocardial viability (kappa value: 0.446, P < 0.001; sensitivity: 68.3% and specificity: 92.5%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Stem cell therapy on top of CABG aggravated LV remodeling in heart failure patients with old myocardial infarction. The specificity of MRI is similar to (18)F-FDG SPECT while the sensitivity is inferior to (18)F-FDG SPECT on detecting viable myocardium.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Double-Blind Method , Heart Failure , Therapeutics , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myocardial Infarction , Therapeutics , Sensitivity and Specificity , Stem Cell Transplantation , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Remodeling
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 797-801, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307196

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In this study, we attempted to observe the prevalence and risk factors of atrial tachyarrhythmias (AT) before and after transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>264 adult patients aged over 40 years (67 men and 197 women) who underwent transcatheter closure of ASD between September, 1997 and December, 2005 were included in this study. Incidence of preoperative and postoperative AT was analyzed, risk factors for AT were determined with multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Incidence of AT before closure was 9.1% (24/264). Twenty-nine patients (11.0 percent) developed AT after transcatheter closure (24 atrial fibrillation, 1 paroxysmal flutter, 4 paroxysmal atrial arrhythmia). The prevalence in patients of 40 to 49 years, 50 to 59 years and above 60 years was 4.3%, 14.6% and 26.3%, respectively. Most patients with atrial fibrillation were symptomatic. Compared to patients without AT, patients developed AT after closure were significantly older (53.0 +/- 7.6 years vs. 47.8 +/- 6.6 years, P < 0.01) and had larger defects (23.5 +/- 5.7 mm vs. 21.3 +/- 5.2 mm, P > 0.05), higher systolic pulmonary pressure (38.4 +/- 13.1 vs. 34.1 +/- 10.1, P < 0.05), larger left atrium dimension [(38.0 +/- 3.9) mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa) vs. (33.6 +/- 4.4) mm Hg, P < 0.01], larger end diastolic right ventricular dimension [(34.7 +/- 5.9) mm vs. (32.1 +/- 6.8) mm, P > 0.05], higher incidence of tricuspid regurgitation (96.6% vs. 75.3%, P = 0.01), higher incidence of preoperative AT (51.7% vs. 3.8%, P < 0.01) and higher incidence of hypertension (27.6% vs. 10.2%, P = 0.013). Multivariate analysis showed that older age [odds ratio (OR) 2.659, 95 percent confidence interval (CI) 1.080 to 6.547, P < 0.05], presence of preoperative AT (OR 54.311, CI 9.819 to 300.395, P < 0.01), and left atrial enlargement (OR 8.529 per 10 mm increment, CI 2.162 to 33.643, P < 0.01) were independent predictors of AT after closure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Incidence of AT was similar before and after percutaneous closure in patients with atrial septal defects aged 40 years and over. The risk of AT is related to the age at the time of transcatheter closure, the presence of preoperative AT and enlarged left atria.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Age Factors , Balloon Occlusion , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial , Therapeutics , Incidence , Risk Factors , Tachycardia , Epidemiology , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1072-1076, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238483

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and accuracy of delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI) for the assessment of myocardial viability in patients with myocardial infarction in comparison with (99)Tc(m)-sestamibi (MIBI) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) SPECT. Scar was defined as regionally increased MRI signal intensity 15 minutes after injection of 0.2 mmol/kg gadolinium-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid or reduced perfusion and glucose metabolism defined by SPECT.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 34 patients with myocardial infarction (29 males, 58.0 +/- 9.8 years) were imaged with MRI and SPECT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 578 segments were analyzed. DE-MRI and SPECT identified 431 and 336 viable segments respectively and SPECT also identified 30 ischemic segments. Necrotic segments identified by DE-MRI and SPECT were 147 and 212 respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of DE-MRI in identifying segments with matched flow/metabolism defects (scar tissues) was 61.3% and 95.4%, respectively. Quantitatively assessed relative MRI infarct area correlated well with SPECT infarct size. The value of Kappa was 0.51.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DE-MRI provides a good tool for differentiating viable myocardium from scar tissues and the detection accuracy is comparable between DE-MRI and SPECT.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cell Survival , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Myocardial Infarction , Diagnostic Imaging , Myocytes, Cardiac , Diagnostic Imaging , Metabolism , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon , Methods
17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1077-1080, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238482

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MRI was performed in 27 (male 21, mean age: 37.4 y, ranging from 15 - 67 y) clinically diagnosed ARVC patients according to the 1994 ARVC diagnosis criteria of WHO from Oct. 2004 to Jun. 2006. Heart chamber size, fat infiltration, local or global ventricular function, myocardium perfusion of contrast first pass and late enhancement were examined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fat infiltration was found in 24 (88.89%), trabecular disarray in 17 (62.96%), significant dilated right ventricle outlet (RVOT) in 18 (66.67%), dilated RV apex in 14 (51.85%), dilated RV free wall and posterior wall in 18 (66.67%) and right atrium enlargement in 11 (40.74%) patients. Local RV dysfunction was found in 18.52% (5/27), global RV dysfunction in 70.37% (19/27) of patients with mean RV ejection fraction (EF) of 35%. Left ventricle was affected in 40.74% (11/27) of patients. Perfusion defects were found in only 10.52% (2/19) of patients. Positive late enhancement of myocardium were found in 36.84% (7/19) of patients and affecting mainly the wall of RVOT and the free wall associated with lateral wall enhancement of LV. Five patients received heart transplantation and histology on transplanted hearts confirmed the MRI findings.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>"One-stop-shop" MRI scanning can be used for the diagnosis of ARVC. While for some ARVC cases with dominant abnormality in LV, it is difficult for MRI to differentiate ARVC from dilated cardiomyopathy or coronary heart disease. We found fibrosis of lateral wall of LV can be a characteristic sign of ARVC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia , Diagnosis , Fibrosis , Heart Ventricles , Pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prognosis
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1081-1084, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238481

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characterizations in patients with isolated left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All patients were examined by MRI. The LV was divided into 9 segments for localizing non compacted segments. A new value, C/VS, was introduced to assess the degree of non compacted segments.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 31 patients was diagnosed as LVNC (23 males; 39.9 +/- 15.7 years). Palpitations presented in 74% of patients, abnormal EKG found in 93.5% of patients, 33.3% segments were affected and most commonly in the mid-ventricular and apical segments, 84% of patients had > or = 2 affected segments. Right ventricle was affected in 2 patients. Left ventricular thrombi were detected in 3 patients. LVEF was 37.2% +/- 16.5% (14% - 70%), N/C was 3.6 +/- 1.4 (2.2 - 9.2) and C/VS was 0.43 +/- 0.11 (0.27 - 0.69).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Cardiac MRI allows accurate LVNC assessment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiomyopathies , Diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Diagnosis
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 987-990, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238461

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the morphological features of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) in adult and the implications for transcatheter closure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Transcatheter closure using Amplatzer duct occluder was performed in 272 adult patients with ASD from September 1997 to December 2005. The morphological features were evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). The size, length and thickness of rims, occluder diameter, the complete closure rate, residual shunt rate and complications were compared in patients with deficient and/or thin rims (Group A, n = 135) and patients with well-developed rims (Group B, n = 137).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The complete closure rate was 97.8% (132/135) in group A and 99.3% (136/137) in group B. There were 74 cases with deficient rims, 39 cases with thin rims and 22 cases with both deficient and thin rims in group A. Gender distribution, age, operation successful rate, residual shunt rate and complication rate were similar between the 2 groups. The defect diameters measured by TTE (18.9 +/- 5.5 mm vs. 16.5 +/- 4.8 mm, P < 0.01), TEE (22.7 +/- 5.0 mm vs. 20.0 +/- 5.5 mm, P < 0.01) and occluder diameters used (29.1 +/- 5.7 mm vs. 26.0 +/- 5.9 mm, P < 0.01) were significantly larger in groups A than that in group B. The systolic pulmonary artery pressure was also significantly higher in groups A than that in groups B (36.9 +/- 11.9 mm Hg vs. 32.6 +/- 9.1 mm Hg, P < 0.01). There are significant correlations between occluder diameters and defects measured by either TTE or TEE in both groups (group A, TTE: r = 0.709, TEE: r = 0.850; group B, TTE: r = 0.716, TEE: r = 0.915, P all < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Poor residual rims were found in around 50% of adult patients with ASD. Transcatheter closure of these defects could be successfully performed with larger occluders. The defect diameters measured by TTE and TEE, especially the latter, could guide the occluder selection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Catheterization , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial , Pathology , Therapeutics
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 240-242, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295339

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The present study was conducted to investigate the feasibility and efficacy of transcatheter closure of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (RSVA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four patients (3 females) aged 7-57 years with RSVA (3 congenital RSVA and 1 post-surgery RSVA) were involved in the present study. Two-dimensional and color Doppler echocardiography revealed the ruptures of right coronary sinus into right ventricle in all cases. The echo estimated size of the defect was 2-10 mm. After the establishment of the arterio-venous wire loop, Amplatzer Duct Occluder (ADO) was successfully deployed by antegrade venous approach in all patients. The diameter of the occluder was chosen to be at least 1 to 2 mm larger than defect.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The defects were successfully occluded without any complications. On the follow-up 3 months after operation, there was no device embolization, infective endocarditis and aortic regurgitation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Transcatheter closure is a feasible and effective modality for RSVA without other anomalies.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Therapeutics , Aortic Aneurysm , Therapeutics , Cardiac Catheterization , Methods , Follow-Up Studies , Sinus of Valsalva
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL