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1.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 186-189, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608722

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the anti-HBV activity of anodonta polysaccharides (AP) and dose-effect relationship in vitro.Methods HepG2.2.15 cells were cultured in vitro and incubated at 37℃ for nine days with AP at a dilution ratio of 1∶10.The expression of HBsAg and HBeAg were detected using ELISA and HBV-DNA copies were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR.Based on Thiele-type continued-fraction interpolation method,the anti-HBV activity of AP was studied,and the IC50 and the maximum inhibition rate were calculated.Results AP had significant inhibitory effect on the expression of HBsAg and HBeAg in HepG2.2.15 cells in vitro,as well as HBV DNA replication.By Thiele-type continued-fraction interpolation the equations of dose-effect relationship were obtained to determine the maximum inhibition rates of AP on HBeAg and HBsAg secretion being 47.7% and 56.4%,and the IC50 inhibiting the expression of HBeAg being 143.7mg/L.AP was also able to inhibit HBV-DNA replication and the maximum inhibition rate was 17.8% with the same method above.Conclusion Anodonta polysaccharides have anti-HBV activity.The thiele-type continued-fraction interpolation method is simple and practical and could be used as a new method for the analysis of drug activity.

2.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 72-73,86, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605990

ABSTRACT

Objective To separate and identify Thyreophagus entomophagus from beer yeast powder and observe its morpho?logical characteristics. Methods The beer yeast powder was collected from the scum after fermentation of the beer material, the mites in it were separated and made into slide specimens,and then they were identified and observed for the morphological characteristics under an optical microscope. Results The mites separated from the beer yeast powder were identified as female Thyreophagus entomophagus. Under the optical microscope,the bodies of the mites were long and narrow,which showed an oval shape,the gnathosoma was wide,the epidermis was colorless but lustrous,the external vertical seta,internal scapular seta,in?ner humerals,anterior lateral seta,and dorsal body setae were all absent,the bristles on the back of the body were relatively long,and all the feet were thick and strong. Conclusion Thyreophagus entomophagus can breed in the beer yeast powder,and therefore,the powder should be stored properly to avoid the contamination caused by the mites.

3.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 494-495, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615668

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the breeding quantity and average breeding density of Gohieria fuscus in the grand dust flour of a flourmill and explore the prevention and control measures. Methods A certain amount of grand dust flour was collect-ed from a flourmill,and it was sieved. The powder was placed into the glass pan,and the mites were sought out under an optical microscope and made of specimens. The mites were identified on the basis of literature. Results In this survey,400 g samples were collected from 4 habitats. The average breeding density of mites was 3516/g. The mite was identified as Gohieria fuscus. Conclusions Gohieria fuscus is one of the widely distributed stored mites. It impacts the stored food and reduces the quality of food. In addition,the mite affects human health. Therefore,the preventive measures should be taken.

4.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 496-497,501, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615667

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether there is Blomia tropicalis breeding in the flour warehouse of food factory in a civil aviation airport,and,if there is,to observe the morphological structure of the mite. Methods The flour samples were col-lected from the flour warehouse of food factory in a civil aviation airport. The breeding mites were isolated from the samples by di-rect microscopy and made into specimens to observe with a light microscope. Results Female Blomia tropicalis was found in the collected flour samples. Under the microscope,the mite was nearly spherical,and it had no tergum and claw. Its apodemeⅠwas developed and connected in the midline. The reproductive hole was located between the foot Ⅲand IV level and was cov-ered with a pair of oblique genital folds. The footⅢandⅣhad no solenoids. The copulatory pouch was a long,slightly curved tube,extending from the end of the mite. Conclusions Blomia tropicalis has been found in the flour warehouse of a food factory in the civil aviation airport. The main distinguishing feature of this mite is that it has no tergum,its feet have no pectinate inferi-or tarsus scales or claw,the feetⅠgenu has only one solenidia,and feetⅢandⅣhave no solenidias.

5.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 505-507, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615591

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the external morphology of Lepidoglyphus destructor hypopus under an optical microscope. Methods The samples were collected in a store of Chinese medicinal herbs in Huainan City in September,2016,the L. de-structor and the hypopus were isolated,and then made of slide specimens. The slide samples were prepared and observed under an optical microscope. Results The L. destructor hypopus and protonymph were found. The inactive hypopus was oval in shape, the feet were not well-developed,there was a distinct transverse seam on its back,and there were 2 pairs of genital sensory or-gans. Conclusion The optical microscopy shows the morphological characteristics of L. destructor hypopus,which can provide the basis for the biological classification and the prevention.

6.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 395-396, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618896

ABSTRACT

Here we report a case of dermatitis caused by Tyrophagus putrescentiae,and have reviewed the related literature, then summarize the clinical characteristics and treatments of dermatitis in order to improve the understanding of the disease.

7.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 340-341, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618889

ABSTRACT

Objective To report the seizure of Laelaps echidninus on the surface of Apodemus agrarius in Wuhu area for the first time,which prompts that there may exist the spread of the diseases by mites. Methods The mites got from the rats poi-soned by bait were made as the routine slide specimen and then identified with the reference of previous literature. Results The mites seized from Apodemus agrarius were 8 female ones totally and identified as Laelaps echidninus. Conclusion There exsits Laelaps echidninus parasitic on the body of Apodemus agrarius in Wuhu area,which should be paid attention to seriously in order to prevent the spread of diseases by it.

8.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 225-227, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511316

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the Suidasia nesbitti breeding status in the ground dust flour collected in Qiqihaer City. Methods Totally,16 aliquots of ground dust flour were respectively collected from a college canteen and 15 households in Qiq-ihaer City. Then 10 g dust flour was taken from individual sample for isolation of the mites that were made of slide specimen,and the mites were identified and classified under a microscope. Results Acaroid mites were found in 15 of the 16 aliquots of sam-ples(detection rate being 93.8%),and 7 species,belonging to 6 genera under 3 families,were identified. A total of 561 heads of mites were isolated from 160 g samples,with an average breeding density of 3.51 heads/g. The most breeding mite was associ-ated with S. nesbitti. Conclusions Various species of mites are breeding in the ground dust flour in Qiqihaer City,and S. nesbit-ti occurs the most. These findings indicate that effective measures should be taken to prevent and control the harm associated with acaroid mite contamination.

9.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 59-63, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507086

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the specific immune therapeutic effect of the T cell fusion peptide vaccine from group II allergens from Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus(Der p2). Methods Thirty mice were randomly divided into three groups, namely a negative control group(a PBS group),positive control group(an asthma group)and protein Der p2 T cell fusion epit?ope for specific immunotherapy(SIT)group(a Der p2 T group). The extract of house dust mites(HDM)was used to establish the asthmatic models in BALB/c mice,and the PBS group was always used with PBS buffer. Thirty minutes before spray inhala?tion from 25 to 27 days,the mice of the Der p2 T group were respectively injected subcutaneously with the therapeutic proteins for SIT,then the serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF)were collected. ELISA was used to assay the levels of IFN?γ, IL?4,and IL?13 in BALF,as well as serum levels of specific IgE and IgG2a. The lung tissue sections were stained with haematox?ylin and eosin(H&E)for pathological examinations. Results The ELISA detection revealed that the number of eosinophil in BALF of the asthmatic mice was(5.57 ± 0.64)× 105/ml,which was significantly higher than that in the PBS group[(0.50 ± 0.30)× 105/ml,P < 0.01],the number of eosinophil in the Der p2 T immunotherapy group decreased significantly[(3.45 ± 0.36)×105/ml,P<0.01]. The content of IFN?γin the PBS group,asthma group and Der p2 T group were(267.00 ± 21.98), (155.80 ± 20.53)pg/ml and(234.40 ± 24.46)pg/ml respectively. Compared with the asthma group,the mice with Der p2 T vac?cine specific immune treatment produced a high level of IFN?γ(P<0.01). The content of IL?4 in the PBS group,asthma group and Der p2 T group were(23.40 ± 5.96),(53.28 ± 8.26)pg/ml and(30.00 ± 5.50)pg/ml respectively. Compared with the asth?ma group,the content of IL?4 in the mice of the Der p2 T treatment group was significantly lower(P<0.01). Compared with the asthma group[(308.10 ± 28.32)pg/ml],the content of IL?13 in BALF of the mice in the Der p2 T treatment group was signifi?cantly decreased,which was[(174.50 ± 25.99)pg/ml,P<0.01]. The content of IL?13 in the PBS group was(95.99 ± 31.14) pg/ml. The lung tissue sections showed that the lung inflammation in the p2 T Der group was significantly less than that in the asthma group,and the inflammatory cell infiltration was significantly decreased,and airway epithelial construction remodeled. Conclusion The Der p2 T cell fusion epitope,which is as vaccines for specific immunotherapy with asthma models,can allevi?ate effectively allergic inflammation of airway and lung in the mice,and it may be used as a candidate vaccine for asthma.

10.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 711-712,737, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605911

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the species of Limacodidae and the biological habits on Prunus cerasifera and sycamore in the urban area of Wuhu City,so as to provide the reference for the prevention and control of the diseases caused by Limacodi?dae. Methods Two observation places were selected in the urban area of Wuhu City,and the survey period of the first observa?tion place(A)was from 2014?5?4 to 2014?11?2,and eucleid caterpillar was observed and collected every Sunday(a total of 27 times);the survey period of the second observation place(B)was from 2014?1?5 to 2014?12?28,and eucleid caterpillar was ob?served and collected every Sunday(a total of 52 times). The eucleid caterpillars were collected by the visual inspection and arti?ficial direct collecting method,and then they were identified and classified by the naked eye direct observation and the direct ob?servation with the help of the anatomical lens in the laboratory. Results There were seven kinds of identified Limacodidae from the two observation places and their occurrence regularity,the species composition ratio,and natural enemies were understood. Conclusions Limacodidae larvae not only are the defoliator of the ornamental forests,but also harm the health of residents, that is they can cause eucleid larva dermatitis. Therefore,we should strengthen the prevention and control of Limacodidae,re?ducing its impact on the lives of the residents.

11.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 304-305,330, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604192

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the Tyrophagus palmarum and its hypopus in feed of Tenebrio molitor. Methods Feed samples were collected from T. molitor farms,and T. palmarum and its hypopus were separated from the samples by the vibra?tion sieve method and floating method. The glass specimens were prepared and T. palmarum and its hypopus were observed un?der an optical microscope. Results Under the light microscope,the skin of T. palmarum was smooth and bright,the color of legs and chelicerae was relatively dark,the length of dorsal seta d2 was 3?4 times longer than d1 and la;Theω1 in tarsus of legⅠ,Ⅱwas short rod,and its top was not tapered;the sucker plate in tarsus of legⅣlocated in the middle of the section. The hypopus was oblate,and there were two pairs of legs in front which extended to body. The rear end of hypopus became pointless and round,wrapping around a transparent and ossification skin. Conclusion Light microscopy shows the morphological charac?teristics of T. palmarum and its dormant body,providing the basis for identifying the hypopus.

12.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 609-610, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502856

ABSTRACT

Adult Clonorchis sinensis not only occurs in human hepatic duct,but also in the liver,gallbladder and bile ducts of animals,including dogs and cats,thus causing clonorchiasis—one of important parasitic zoonoses. In present study,we dis?sected a domestic cat in which a total of 736 pieces of trematodes,identified as Clonorchis sinensis,were detected in the liver and cholecyst. The findings indicate that Clonorchis sinensis may be endemic in domestic animals in Wuhu area,and observe our awareness in prevention of the parasites in house pets.

13.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 536-540, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502799

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of trematode Aspidogastrea in freshwater mussels in Anhui Province, China. Methods The freshwater mussels living in different water areas within Anhui territory were harvested and dissected from April to May,2015. Then the flukes were collected from the pericardial cavities of the clams into a petri dish containing small amount of saline. After rinsing,the flukes were transferred into a bottle containing 70%ethanol for following identification by staining of the specimens prepared as previous protocol. Results A total of 3 007 calms in 12 species,including Unio doug?lasiae(603),Acuticosta chinensis(90),Lamprotula caveat(150),Lamprotula leai(250),Lanceolaria grayana(47),An?odonta pacifica(60),Anodonta woodiana(350),Cuneopsis heudei(100),Solenaia oleivora(150),Cristaria plicata (567),Hyriopsis cumingii(550)and Arconaia lanceolata(90)were dissected,in which 1 467 mussels were infected with the trematode Aspidogastrea,with an infection rate of 48.79%(1 467/3 007). Totally,7 306 flukes belonging to 3 genera under the subclass of Aspidogastrea were isolated. These trematodes were genera of Aspidogaster,Lophotaspis and Cotylaspis. The in?fection density was from 1 to 128 capita for individual positive clam,with a mean infectiosity of 4.98(7306/1467)for each mus?sel. Conclusion The freshwater bivalves living in different water areas in Anhui Province are infected with the trematode Aspi?dogastrea. These flukes were identified as Aspidogaster sp. Lophotaspis sp. and Cotylaspis sp. belonging to subclass Aspidogas?tridae of family Aspidogastrea.

14.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 584-585, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502792

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe and understand the morphology and structure of Acarophenax tribalii in order to create a new record of this mite in China. Methods The stored grain samples(rice and brown rice)were collected from the storage of lo?cal dwellers,and mites breeding in the products were isolated. Then mite samples were prepared and identified as the previous protocols,and the species was classified in accordance with Hughes. Results A. tribalii was detected in the grain samples. The light microscopic examination exhibited ovally shaped idiosoma of this species,and the abdomen of the male was more inflated than that of the female. By general view,the propodosomatal plate appeared triangle?like,and its anterior margin was covered by the gnathosoma. Leg I consisted of four segments,and its tibia and tarsus healing were fused into a stubby tibiotarsus. A tarsulus occurred at the end of legⅡ,ⅢandⅣ,with a claw born at each leg. Conclusion The morphology and structure of A. tribalii are characterized. This may lay a basis for following study on this species.

15.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 429-431, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495740

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the species of Cheyletoidea mites breeding in the culture environment of Eupolyphaga sinensis and to observe the morphology of Eucheyletia reticulata Cunliffe. Methods The soil samples from an E. sinensis farm in northern Anhui were collected. The mites in the soil samples were separated directly under a microscope and the glass speci?mens were made to observe the morphological feature of the mites under a light microscope,then the mites species were identi?fied and classified based on the morphological characteristics. Results In the culture soil of E. sinensis,totally 7 kinds of Chey?letoidea mites were isolated,namely Eucheyletia reticulata Cunliffe,Cheyletus eruditus Schrank,Cheyletus malaccensis Oudemans,Cheyletus troussarti Oudemans,Cheyletus aveisor Rohdendorz,Acaropsis sollers Rohdendorz and Cheletomor?pha lepidopterorum Shaw. They belonged to genera Eucheyletia,Cheletomorpha,Acaropsis and Cheyletus of Cheyletidae Leach family. The Eucheyletia reticulata Cunliffe was firstly found in the culture environment of E. sinensis,and its gnathosoma was large,the pedipalpal femurs were expanding and there were two strips of comb hair and two smooth bristles on the pedipal?pal tarsus,and the back of the body was covered with two pieces of tergum,which were decorated with reticular pattern. The body and foot setae were fan?shape. Conclusions There are various of Cheyletoidea mites found in the breeding environment of E. sinensis. These mites are important species for pest control in the culture environments of E. sinensis. Related measures should be taken to prevent the excessive growth of Cheyletoidea mites,so as to avoid the adverse effects on the quality and quan?tity of E. sinensis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 453-455, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495718

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the Histiostomas apromyzarum breeding in traditional Chinese medicine Rhizoma Bletillae. Methods The scurf and dust of R. bletillae were obtained by brushing,and the mites samples were separated and identified. Results Totally 520 g samples were collected,and 56 adult mites(female?male ratio 0.12)and 18 dormant bodies were obtained from the samples,and they were identified as H. apromyzarum with an average breeding density of 0.14/g. Con?clusion H. apromyzarum could breed on the traditional Chinese medicine R. bletillae,and the corresponding control mea?sures should be strengthened.

17.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 422-425, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495663

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize the population dynamics and spatial distribution of Aleuroglyphus ovatus in the flour warehouse,so as to provide the basic evidence for improving the sampling guidelines that are essential for effective pest monitor?ing and management. Methods The samples from flour warehouses of four localities were collected,examined and counted for A. ovatus in every month in Wuhu City. The dispersion pattern target,Iwao m*/-x regression analysis and Taylor power method were used for analyzing the spatial distribution pattern of A. ovatus in the flour warehouses. Results The peaks of population dynamics of A. ovatus were discovered in July and September,respectively. The indexes of dispersion were as follows:I>0, CA>0,m*/-x >1. At the same time,the parameters in the equation of Iwao:m*=5.471+1.022-x (r=0.999)and Taylor:lgS2=0.697+1.111 lg-x (r=0.987)showed that the spatial distribution pattern of A. ovatus was assembled. Conclusion The peaks of population dynamics of A. ovatus in the flour warehouse are bimodal pattern ,and the spatial distribution pattern of A. ovatus is assembled.

18.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 297-300, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493719

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the species of Acaroid mites breeding in the stored traditional Chinese animal medici?nal materials and the relationship between its community and habitats. Methods A total of 30 samples of traditional Chinese animal medicinal herbs were collected from Wuhu City,Anhui Province,China. The mites were isolated by the directly micro?scopic and floatation microscopic examinations,and then identified and counted under a light microscope. Results Acaroid mites was represented in 28 of the 30 samples,and the breeding rate accounted for as high as 93.3%(28/30). Totally,13 spe?cies of Acaroid mites were identified,which belonged to 4 families and 9 genera. The densities of Acaroid mites were top in 6 Chinese herbal medicines,such as corium erinacei,aspongopus,hirudo,pheretima aspergillum,Apostichopus and huechys. The diversity parameters of these six traditional Chinese animal medicinal herbs were calculated. The highest richness indexes were in aspongopus and hirudo,the highest diversity index was in hirudo,and the highest evenness index was in Apostichopus. Conclusions There are Acaroid mites breeding in parts of the traditional Chinese animal medicinal herbs stored in Wuhu. In the storage and processing of Chinese herbal medicines,we should pay attention to the prevention and control of mites.

19.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 301-303, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493694

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the external morphology of Histiostoma feroniarum hypopus under a light microscope. Methods The samples were collected in a mushroom cultivation base,and the H. feroniarum hypopus was isolated and puri?fied. The slide samples were prepared and observed under an optical microscope. Results The back body of the H. feroniarum hypopus was flat with tiny bristles,the epidermis was of significant ossification,the ventral had four pairs of slender feet stretched,the sucker plate was prosperous in the end of the body,and the sucker plate had eight suckers. The gnathosoma was thin,long and highly specialized. Conclusion The light microscopy shows the morphological characteristics of H. feroniarum hypopus,providing the basis for identifying and life cycle study.

20.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 81-83, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491846

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the structure characteristics of hypopus of Caloglyphus berlesei. Methods The hy?popus of C. berlesei was collected from the feed of Chinese Polyphaga,and was made into the conventional glass specimens. The structure characteristics of hypopus of C. berlesei were observed by an optical microscope. Results The hypopus of C. ber?lesei had 4 pairs of legs,and the foot claws and tarsus were well?developed. The structural features were shown,such as the se?tae of tibia and setae of genu. Genital plates were obviously ossified. Conclusion The research on hypopus of Caloglyphus ber?lesei provides the reference for its further scientific classification and research on the life cycle.

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