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Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-178305


Background: Rural school children are more vulnerable victims of undernutrition and its consequences. On that ground, rural govt. primary school children were examined on the basis of height, weight and few background variables to find real picture of nutritional status. Objective: To assess nutritional status of govt. rural primary school children in Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study adopting a multistage random sampling technique was conducted among 600 govt. primary school children of rural communities of Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh. Anthropometric measurement like weight for age and height for age was recorded to assess nutritional status. Data were collected by interview and physical examination and were analyzed with SPSS10.0 Results: Among 600 children, 36.0% were in Grade I malnutrition, 37.7% in Grade II malnutrition, 6.3% in Grade III and 19.0% of children were stunted and 4.0% were severely stunted. Girls (20.1%) were more stunted than boys (17.9%). Conclusions: The study concluded that despite adoption of several measures to curb the malnutrition, still high prevalence of undernutrition was observed in govt. rural primary school children in India and to be addressed properly immediately.

Indian J Public Health ; 2008 Jul-Sep; 52(3): 150-2
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-109509


A hospital-based retrospective study on a sample of 228 nurses involved in patient care, in two medical college hospitals of West Bengal, showed that 61.4% of them sustained at least one Needle Stick Injury (NSI) in last 12 months. The risk of such injuries per 1000 nurses per year was found to be 3,280. Out of the most recent injuries among 140 nurses, 92.9% remained unreported to appropriate authorities; in 52.9% events hand gloves were worn by the nurses; only 5% of those nurses received hepatitis B vaccine, 2.1% hepatitis B immunoglobulin and none of them received post exposure prophylaxis for HIV.

Documentation/statistics & numerical data , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Hepatitis B/prevention & control , Hepatitis B Vaccines/administration & dosage , Hospitals, University/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Immunoglobulins/administration & dosage , India/epidemiology , Needlestick Injuries/epidemiology , Nurses/statistics & numerical data , Patient Care/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2001 Oct; 44(4): 499-502
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-73628


Fragile X syndrome is the most common of the inherited disorders causing mental retardation. This disorder results from an abnormal expansion in (CGG)n in repeat found in the coding sequence of the FMRI gene, located at Xq 27.3. Previously it was detected by Karyotyping. With the advent of Molecular Biology PCR, has become the best method in the diagnosis of this disorder. This is a case report of a family with this disorder detected by PCR.

Adolescent , Adult , Child , DNA/analysis , Family Health , Female , Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein , Fragile X Syndrome/diagnosis , Humans , Male , Intellectual Disability/diagnosis , Middle Aged , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA-Binding Proteins , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , Trinucleotide Repeat Expansion/genetics , X Chromosome/genetics
Indian J Public Health ; 2001 Jan-Mar; 45(1): 27-30
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-109201


Higher Secondary School students and their teachers were studied to assess the knowledge about AIDS and attitude towards AIDS patients. Only 13.5% senior school students and 16.2% teachers had clear knowledge regarding AIDS--its general aspects, transmission and prevention. Girls had higher and clear knowledge than boys. 45.8% of girls, 38.8% of boys students and 20.3% of teachers had positive attitudes towards nursing an AIDS case. It is suggested that schools have to device ways to open up more effective communication with students in relation to education on sex and AIDS. Training on AIDS should be emphasized on school teachers who on their turn can teach the students in a correct way about AIDS.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , Adolescent , Awareness , Child , Data Collection , Faculty , Female , Health Education/methods , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , India/epidemiology , Male , Random Allocation , Students/psychology , Urban Population
J Indian Med Assoc ; 1996 Jan; 94(1): 14-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-99274


Forty cases of ophthalmic lesions were subjected to fine needle aspiration cytology for pre-operative diagnosis which included retinoblastomas (5 cases), inflammatory and neoplastic lesions of the eyelid and lacrimal glands (29 cases) and extra-ocular orbital lesions (6 cases) inclusive of 3 cases of rhabdomyosarcomas. The lesions were distributed in both the eyes almost in equal proportions. Histological confirmation was obtained in 85% of cases; false positive in only one case with malignant neoplasm of the eyelid and false negative also in only one case with inflammatory pseudotumour which were, histologically, proved to be adenoma of tarsal gland and lymphocytic lymphoma respectively.

Biopsy, Needle , Eye Diseases/pathology , Eyelid Diseases/pathology , Humans , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases/pathology