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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 352-358, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920884

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether Royal Free Hospital Nutritional Prioritizing Tool (RFH-NPT) is more suitable than Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) in nutritional risk screening for patients with liver cirrhosis, as well as the applicability of subjective global assessment (SGA) in the nutritional assessment of patients with liver cirrhosis. Methods A total of 113 patients with liver cirrhosis who were hospitalized in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from August 2020 to June 2021 were enrolled. RFH-NPT and NRS-2002 were used for nutritional risk screening, and SGA was used for nutritional assessment. The results of these tools were compared with the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria, and sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated for the three tools. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated for each screening tool, and the association between nutritional status and short-term prognosis was analyzed. The independent samples t -test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation of GLIM criteria with NRS2002, RFH-NPT and SGA. Results According to the GLIM criteria, 69.9% of the patients were diagnosed with malnutrition, and RFH-NPT and NRS2002 screened out that 72.6% and 51.3%, respectively, of the patients had nutritional risk, while SGA assessment showed that 57.5% of the patients had malnutrition. Compared with NRS2002, RFH-NPT had a higher degree of correlation with the GLIM criteria ( r =0.764, P < 0.001), higher sensitivity (94.9%) and NPV (87.1%), and a better predictive value (AUC=0.872, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.786-0.957). Under the GLIM criteria, SGA had good specificity (88.2%) in the diagnosis of malnutrition in patients with liver cirrhosis, with fair sensitivity (77.2%), good correlation ( r =0.607, P < 0.001), and good predictive value (AUC=0.827, 95% CI : 0.744-0.911). Based on the GLIM criteria, SGA assessment, and RFH-NPT assessment, the patients with nutritional risk or malnutrition tended to have a longer length of hospital stay ( Z= -3.301, -2.812, and -3.813, all P < 0.05) and a higher rehospitalization rate ( χ 2 =3.957, 6.922, and 6.766, all P < 0.05). Based on the GLIM criteria and NRS2002 assessment, the patients with nutritional risk or malnutrition had a significant increase in mortality rate within 3 months ( χ 2 =4.511 and 0.776, both P < 0.05). Conclusion Under the GLIM criteria, RFH-NPT is more suitable than NRS2002 for nutritional risk screening of patients with liver cirrhosis, and SGA also has good applicability in nutritional assessment of patients with liver cirrhosis. In addition, GLIM criteria, SGA, and RFH-NPT are associated with the clinical outcome of patients.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 219-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920852

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of coagulation function changes on the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) after liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 245 liver transplant recipients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of AKI after liver transplantation, all recipients were divided into the AKI group (n=99) and non-AKI group (n=146). The incidence of AKI after liver transplantation was summarized. Perioperative parameters of the recipients were collected. The risk factors of AKI after liver transplantation were assessed by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results Among 245 recipients undergoing liver transplantation, 99 cases developed AKI after operation with an incidence rate of 40.4%. Preoperative serum creatinine levels of the recipients and the in-hospital fatality were relatively high in the AKI group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the recipients in the non-AKI group, those in the AKI group presented with significantly higher liver function parameters within postoperative 24 h, significantly decreased levels of stage Ⅱ coagulation parameters including coagulation factorsⅤ, Ⅶ, Ⅸ, Ⅹ, Ⅻ and protein S, protein C and antithrombin Ⅲ, evidently elevated prothrombin time international normalized ratio (PT-INR), remarkably increased stage Ⅲ coagulation parameters including D-dimer and fibrin degradation product (FDP) levels and considerably decreased fibrinogen (FIB) level (all P < 0.05). Thrombelastogram showed that the R value was increased, the α angle was decreased and the coagulation time was prolonged in the AKI group (all P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the increased R value of postoperative thrombelastogram [odd ratio (OR) 1.116, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.018-1.223, P=0.019], and decreased levels of antithrombin Ⅲ (OR 0.974, 95%CI 0.955-0.993, P=0.007) were the independent risk factors of incidence of AKI after liver transplantation. Conclusions The incidence of AKI after liver transplantation is high, which is associated with the coagulation function changes of the recipients. Decreased coagulation factor activity (increased R value) and declined antithrombin Ⅲ level are the independent risk factors of AKI in liver transplantat recipients.

3.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E112-E117, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920677

ABSTRACT

Objective To study CH-VAD blood pump developed by CH Biomedical Inc., a method for estimating the real-time flow of blood pump was established by using the voltage, current, speed, duty cycle, and fluid viscosity as the input data. Methods The blood pump system was disassembled into two modules, the motor and the centrifugal pump. Firstly, the output torque of the motor was calculated according to the voltage, current, speed and duty cycle of the motor, then the relationship between flow and torque at different speeds and viscosities was tested through experiments, and a fitting model was established based on the experimental data. Results The fit goodness of Pump 1 and Pump 2 reached 0.982 6 and 0.982 9,respectively. The fitting parameters were used for verification. When the viscosity changed, the root mean square error for the estimated flow of Pump 1 and Pump 2 was 0.260 and 0.274 L/min, respectively. The fitting parameters and estimated results of the two blood pumps were in good agreement. The flow estimation method could follow the actual flow waveform in real time, and the accuracy of the estimated average flow was not affected by the pulsation. Conclusions The flow estimation method proposed in this paper is suitable for CH-VAD blood pumps. It can accurately estimate the flow of blood pumps in the range of speed 1 600-3 600 r/min, flow 0.4-8 L/min, viscosity 1.2-5 mPa·s, and can follow the flow waveform well under pulsating conditions.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913063

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the roles of inducible costimulatory molecules (ICOS) and related cytokines in the immune regulation of Echinococcus granulosus infections in mice. Methods Eighty BALB/c mice (weight 18–22 g) were divided into the control and infection groups, of 40 animals in each group. E. granulosus infection was modeled in mice by intraperitoneal injection of 10 000 protoscoleces per mouse. Serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and peripheral interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-10 levels were measured 2, 8, 30, 60, 180 days post-infection. Mouse liver specimens were excised for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunostaining, and ICOS expression was quantified in mouse liver specimens using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay. Results There were no significant differences in serum ALT (F = 12.082, P < 0.05), AST (F = 6.347, P < 0.05) or ALP levels (F = 52.186, P < 0.05) in mice 2, 8, 30, 60 and 180 days post-infection with E. granulosus. The serum ALT levels were significantly higher in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(61.72 ± 9.89) vs. (50.65 ± 4.67)U/L, P < 0.05] and 30 days post-infection [(80.61 ± 23.71)vs.(67.75 ± 9.79)U/L, P < 0.05], and the serum ALT levels were significantly higher in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(181.06 ± 60.61) vs.(115.58 ± 17.66)U/L, P < 0.05] and 180 days post-infection [(137.84 ± 29.01) vs. (108.05 ± 10.33) U/L, P < 0.05], while greater serum ALP levels were measured in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(162.90 ± 21.04)vs.(64.54 ± 5.99)U/L, P < 0.05], 8[(176.36 ± 24.56) vs. (62.70 ± 9.21)U/L, P < 0.05] and 30 days post-infection [(138.86 ± 13.59) vs. (58.60 ± 5.28) U/L, P < 0.05]. A few inflammatory cells were seen in mouse liver in the infection group 30 days post-infection, and no apparent changes were found in the mouse hepatic structure 60 days post-infection. On day 180 post-infection, a large number of epithelium-like cells presented fibrotic growth in mouse liver in the cyst-infiltrating regions, with cuticula formation seen, and plenty of red cells were present in lesions and hepatocyte space. Positive ICOS expression was detected in mouse liver in the infection group, with ICOS-positive cells predominantly seen in the cytoplasm of the hepatocyte, and the ICOS expression increased over time. The relative ICOS mRNA expression was 2.732 ± 0.094 on day 180 post-infection, which was significantly greater than that on day 2 postinfection (0.746 ± 0.049). There were no significant differences in serum IL-4 or IL-10 levels at different time points after E. granulosus infections, while the serum IL-4 and IL-10 levels peaked in the infection group 180 days and 60 days post-infection, respectively. Higher serum IL-4 levels were measured in the infection group than in the control group 8 [(22.50 ± 3.24) vs. (5.82 ± 0.49) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 30 [(15.49 ± 4.73) vs. (5.10 ± 1.38) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 60 [(36.93 ± 6.14) vs. (4.13 ± 1.19) pg/mL, P < 0.05] and 180 days post-infection [(198.35 ± 0.70) vs. (4.19 ± 0.98) pg/mL, P < 0.05], and higher IL-10 levels were measured in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(4.84 ± 1.91) vs. (2.11 ± 1.03) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 8 [(44.72 ± 14.63) vs. (3.16 ± 0.60) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 30 [(25.47 ± 8.00) vs. (3.83 ± 1.87) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 60 [(187.16 ± 60.44) vs. (3.69 ± 1.05) pg/mL, P < 0.05] and 180 days post-infection [(85.40 ± 7.15) vs. (3.25 ± 0.93) pg/mL, P < 0.05]. Conclusions High ICOS expression is present in the liver of mice with E. granulosus infections. The positive ICOS expression and immune activation levels increase with the time of E. granulosus infections, leading to aggravation of hepatocyte injury caused by inflammation.

5.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 14(2): 341-350, abr-jun 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291558

ABSTRACT

Apesar da ampla disponibilidade de dispositivos para leitura de tiras reativas para análise de urina, falhas potenciais persistem na rotina baseada na interpretação humana. O objetivo deste estudo foi desenvolver e avaliar o desempenho de um dispositivo baseado em Arduino para a leitura semi-automática de parâmetros de fitas reativas. O parâmetro glicose de um modelo de tira reativa comercial foi analisado pelo sistema, que prevê a concentração do analito submetendo a cor observada na tira a um modelo de regressão, ajustado a um banco de dados de padrões de cores. O sistema foi avaliado através da leitura de 80 tiras com 16 amostras de concentrações aleatórias de glicose. O menor coeficiente de variação após cinco leituras replicadas foi de 4,5% e o mais alto foi de 16,6% (MSE = 68,7 mg / dL; r = 0,979). O dispositivo apresentou resultados satisfatórios mais baixos custos. Para torná-lo útil na rotina laboratorial, seriam necessárias novas experiências com outros parâmetros e outras classes de tiras reativas para análise de urina.


Although many devices are available to read urinalysis reactive strips, potential failure, based on human interpretation, persists in routine tasks. Current study develops and evaluates the performance of an Arduino-based device for the semi-automated reading of reactive strip parameters. The glucose parameter of a commercial reactive strip model was analyzed by the system, which predicts analyte concentration by submitting the color observed in the strip to a regression model, adjusted to a database of color patterns. The system was assessed by reading of 80 strips with 16 samples of random glucose concentrations. The lowest coefficient of variation after five replicated readings was 4.5% and the highest was 16.6% (MSE=68.7 mg/dL; r=0.979). The device featured satisfactory results plus low costs. To make it useful in the laboratory routine, further experiments with other parameters and other classes of urinalysis reactive strips would be necessary.

6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(4): e9850, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153545

ABSTRACT

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is the main cause of lower respiratory tract infection in children. However, there is no effective treatment for RSV infection. Here, we aimed to identify potential biomarkers to aid in the treatment of RSV infection. Children in the acute and convalescence phases of RSV infection were recruited and proteomic analysis was performed to identify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs). Subsequently, promising candidate proteins were determined by functional enrichment and protein-protein interaction network analysis, and underwent further validation by western blot both in clinical and mouse model samples. Among the 79 DEPs identified in RSV patient samples, 4 proteins (BPGM, TPI1, PRDX2, and CFL1) were confirmed to be significantly upregulated during RSV infection. Functional analysis showed that BPGM and TPI1 were mainly involved in glycolysis, indicating an association between RSV infection and the glycolysis metabolic pathway. Our findings provide insights into the proteomic profile during RSV infection and indicated that BPGM, TPI1, PRDX2, and CFL1 may be potential therapeutic biomarkers or targets for the treatment of RSV infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections , Biomarkers , Proteomics
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896074

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the accuracy of computer-aided intraoperative navigation (Ci-Navi) in bimaxillary orthognathic surgery by comparing preoperative planning and postoperative outcome. @*Methods@#The study comprised 45 patients with congenital dentomaxillofacial deformities who were scheduled to undergo bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. Virtual bimaxillary orthognathic surgery was simulated using Mimics software. Intraoperatively, a Le Fort I osteotomy of the maxilla was performed using osteotomy guide plates. After the Le Fort I osteotomy and bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy of the mandible, the mobilized maxilla and the distal mandibular segment were fixed using an occlusal splint, forming the maxillomandibular complex (MMC). Realtime Ci-Navi was used to lead the MMC in the designated direction. Osteoplasty of the inferior border of the mandible was performed using Ci-Navi when facial symmetry and skeletal harmony were of concern. Linear and angular distinctions between preoperative planning and postoperative outcomes were calculated. @*Results@#The mean linear difference was 0.79 mm (maxilla: 0.62 mm, mandible: 0.88 mm) and the overall mean angular difference was 1.20°. The observed difference in the upper incisor point to the Frankfort horizontal plane, midfacial sagittal plane, and coronal plane was < 1 mm in 40 cases. @*Conclusions@#This study demonstrates the role of Ci-Navi in the accurate positioning of bone segments during bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. Ci-Navi was found to be a reliable method for the accurate transfer of the surgical plan during an operation.

8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 638-643, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888742

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused numerous deaths around the world. A growing body of evidence points to the important role of overwhelming inflammatory responses in the pathogenesis of COVID-19 and the effectiveness of anti-inflammation therapy against COVID-19 is emerging. In addition to affecting the lungs, COVID-19 can be a severe systemic inflammatory disease that is related to endothelial dysfunction. We are calling for closer attention to endothelial dysfunction in COVID-19 not only for fully revealing the pathogenic mechanism of COVID-19 but also for properly adjusting the strategy of clinical intervention.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Endothelium , Humans , Inflammation , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887500

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect on mild and moderate postpartum depression treated with acupuncture of @*METHODS@#A total of 116 patients with mild and moderate postpartum depression were divided into an acupuncture group (103 cases) and a non-acupuncture group (13 cases) according to treatment regimen provided. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture of @*RESULTS@#The total effective rate of the acupuncture A group was 100.0% (31/31), better than 76.9% (10/13) in the non-acupuncture group and 58.1% in the acupuncture B group (18/31) (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression/therapy , Depression, Postpartum/therapy , Female , Humans , Needles , Treatment Outcome
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 939-948, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886988

ABSTRACT

Macrophages are highly plastic and heterogeneous. In different types of inflammatory diseases, or at different stages of the same disease, macrophages can undergo phenotypic transformation to elicit different functions. Hence, exploring new regulatory mechanism of macrophage polarization and seeking for new key mediators will lay the foundation for the diagnosis and treatment of macrophage-related diseases, such as inflammatory diseases, autoimmune diseases, and cancer. Interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) have been reported to play an important role in the maturation and differentiation of macrophages. In this review, we will describe the structure and modulation pattern of IRFs, and then further summarize the molecular mechanism and signal regulation network of IRFs in pathological processes of related diseases through controlling macrophage polarization. Our review will explore the new therapeutic strategy and potential drug targets for related diseases.

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1297-1301, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886895

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the adverse effects of high temperature on emergency admissions of children during the summer in Beijing.@*Methods@#Child emergency admissions was collected from 30 hospitals in Beijing during the summer of 2016-2018, as well as data related to meteorological factors and air pollutant concentrations. A generalized linear model was used to analyze the association between the daily mean temperature and emergency admissions of children due to total non accidental diseases, circulatory diseases, and respiratory diseases during the summer in Beijing.@*Results@#During the summer of 2016 to 2018 in Beijing, the daily mean temperature was (24.06±3.59)℃, and the daily mean relative humidity was (65.08±17.45)%. Every 1 ℃ increase in the daily mean temperature on the day of exposure had a significant effect on emergency admissions of children, aged 0-14 years old, due to total non accidental diseases and respiratory diseases in Beijing, such that the risk of emergency admissions increased by 0.21, 0.64 times, respectively. The effect of high temperature on emergency admissions due to circulatory diseases was not significant. High temperature had inconsistent effects on emergency admissions of children from different age groups. Among them, the largest increase in the risk of emergency admissions due to total non accidental diseases was observed among children aged 5-9 years old, while children aged 0-4 were vulnerable to emergency admissions for respiratory diseases, and emergency admissions for circulatory diseases were the highest among children aged 10-14.@*Conclusion@#High temperature had a significant effect on emergency admissions of children during the summer in Beijing. Pediatric respiratory diseases are sensitive diseases that are associated with a high temperature in summer, and greater attention should be given to this issue.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 450-453, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884906

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impact of aging on the correlation between the intestinal microorganism Akkermansia and obesity, and to analyze the features of the correlation in the elderly population. Methods:This was a cross-sectional study.A total of 6896 cases were collected from the Guangdong intestinal microbiome in 2018, aged 18-94 years old, including 3806 females, 1641 cases with abdominal obesity(23.7%)and 707 cases with systemic obesity(10.3%). The 16S rRNA sequencing data were from individuals of Cantonese descent.The abundance of Akkermansia was calculated after data cleaning, clustering and annotation.The type of abdominal obesity or systemic obesity was diagnosed based on the standards of the Working Group on Obesity in China(2002). According to the five quintiles of the abundance of Akkermansia, subjects were divided into Q1~Q5(Q1-Q4: n=1379, Q5: n=1380). Logistic regression was used to study the relationship between Akkermansia and obesity after adjusting for common confoundors such as gender.Subjects were subgrouped into two types of age groups: the <65 group(n=5467)and the ≥65 group(n=1519); the <70 group(n=6136)and the ≥70 group(n=850). Age windows were used to analyze changes in characteristics of this relationship with increasing age. Results:There were significant differences in age and gender among different Akkermansia groups( t/ χ2=3.51, -5.03, P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for two main confounding factors, age and gender, the risk of systemic obesity and abdominal obesity gradually decreased from Q2 to Q5 group, compared with Q1 group( P<0.001). The correlation between Akkermansia and obesity decreased with age.The protective effect of Akkermansia on obesity was weaker in the ≥65 and ≥70 groups, respectively, than in the <65 and <70 groups. Conclusions:Akkermansia is a protective factor for obesity, but the protective effect is affected by aging and weakened in the elderly.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical outcomes between OTA/AO-C open and closed fractures of the distal humerus treated by open reduction and internal fixation.Methods:The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed of the 70 patients who had been treated at Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital for OTA/AO-C fractures of the distal humerus from January 2014 to June 2017. Of them, 22 suffered from open fractures (Gustilo types Ⅰ/Ⅱ) and 48 closed fractures. There were 18 males and 4 females with an age of (42.6±13.0) years in the open group and 21 males and 27 females with an age of (42.2±17.1) years in the closed group. Analyzed were interval from injury to surgery, hospitalization time, injury energy and functional outcomes which included range of motion (ROM) in elbow flexion and extension, ROM in elbow rotation, Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS), Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), complications and rate of secondary surgery.Results:There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in age, injury energy or interval from injury to surgery ( P>0.05), but there were significantly more males in the open group than in the closed group ( P=0.011). The follow-up time for all the patients averaged 34.0 months (from 25 to 54 months). There were no statistically significant differences between the 2 groups in hospitalization time [9.5(6.0, 13.0) d versus 8.5 (6.0, 11.0) d], ROM in flexion and extension [120.0° (100.0°, 137.8°) versus 128.5° (110.0°, 140.0°)], ROM in rotation [155.0° (151.3°, 155.0°) versus 155.0° (155.0°, 155.0°)], MEPS [95.0 (80.0, 100.0) versus 95.0 (80.0, 100.0)] or DASH [2.6 (0.63, 9.2) versus 1.7 (0.0, 8.5)] ( P>0.05). There were no statistically significant differences between the 2 groups either in rate of secondary surgery [36.4% (8/22) versus 33.3% (16/48)], ulnar nerve symptoms [54.5% (12/22) versus 60.4% (29/48)], local irritability in the region of internal fixation [9.1% (2/22) versus 6.3% (3/48)] or elbow stiffness [13.6% (3/22) versus 10.4% (5/48)] ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Open reduction and internal fixation can lead to similar clinical outcomes in the treatment of both open (Gustilo types Ⅰ/Ⅱ) and closed distal humeral fractures of OTA/AO-C, with no significant differences in postoperative ROM, functional scores or complications.

14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 180-185, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883854

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of mitochondrial associated protein fumarylacetoacetate domain containing protein 1 (FAHD1) and growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) in sepsis.Methods:Based on the database of the whole process of sepsis early warning, diagnosis and treatment management, which was established on the study of sepsis early warning and standardized diagnosis and treatment system, adult patients with suspected infection admitted to the department of critical care medicine of Zhejiang Hospital, Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Ningbo First Hospital from May 2014 to October 2015 were enrolled. The basic vital signs, and the main blood routine results, liver and kidney function, blood gas, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score at the time of diagnosis of patients with or without sepsis were analyzed. The preserved serum samples were taken, the levels of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP) were detected by electrochemiluminescence method, immunoturbidimetry respectively, and FAHD1 and GDF-15 were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors for sepsis diagnose. The indexes' diagnostic efficacy in sepsis were analyzed by receiver operating characteristics curve (ROC curve).Results:A total of 132 patients were enrolled, including 76 cases of sepsis and 56 cases of non-sepsis. Compared with the non-sepsis group, the heart rate in the sepsis group was increased (bpm: 116.4±17.8 vs. 97.4±19.1), while the mean arterial pressure (MAP), platelet count (PLT), arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2) were significantly decreased [MAP (mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 65.8±9.7 vs. 74.7±10.3, PLT (×10 9/L): 120 (69, 204) vs. 163 (117, 239), PaO 2 (mmHg): 83.0 (66.6, 108.0) vs. 108.0 (84.4, 130.0), all P < 0.05], direct bilirubin (DBil), serum creatinine (SCr), lactic acid (Lac), APACHEⅡ score and SOFA score were significantly increased [DBil (μmol/L): 13.00 (5.55, 55.31) vs. 6.20 (2.20, 21.90), SCr (μmol/L): 118.00 (70.00, 191.73) vs. 77.20 (59.65, 110.86), Lac (mmol/L): 2.90 (1.50, 4.10) vs. 1.90 (1.20, 2.80), APACHEⅡ score: 20.0 (16.0, 25.0) vs. 16.0 (10.0, 21.0), SOFA score: 12.0 (8.0, 16.0) vs. 8.0 (5.0, 13.0), all P < 0.05]. In addition, the serum levels of FAHD1, GDF-15, PCT and CRP in sepsis group were significantly higher than those in non-sepsis group [FAHD1 (μg/L): 3.96 (2.25, 5.92) vs. 2.47 (1.03, 3.54), GDF-15 (μg/L): 8.46 (4.37, 19.68) vs. 4.32 (1.74, 10.39), PCT (μg/L): 3.79 (1.37, 11.32) vs. 0.42 (0.12, 2.14), CRP (mg/L): 154.43 (61.33, 283.20) vs. 65.95 (28.15, 144.69), all P < 0.01]. Multivariate Logistic regression showed that serum FAHD1 [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.135, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.045-1.234], GDF-15 ( OR = 1.090, 95% CI was 1.029-1.155) and CRP ( OR = 1.007, 95% CI was 1.002-1.011) were risk factors for sepsis (all P < 0.05). ROC curve analysis of sepsis showed that the areas under ROC curve (AUC) of serum mitochondrial associated proteins FAHD1 and GDF-15 were 0.727 (95% CI was 0.641-0.802) and 0.677 (95% CI was 0.588-0.757), respectively; and the AUC of classical infection indexes PCT and CRP were 0.767 (95% CI was 0.683-0.837) and 0.680 (95% CI was 0.59-0.760), respectively. There was no significant difference between the AUC of mitochondrial associated proteins and classical infection indexes. The combination of FAHD1, GDF-15, PCT and CRP had the largest AUC, which was 0.809 (95% CI was 0.730-0.874), and the sensitivity was 75.00%, and the specificity was 80.00%. Conclusion:Mitochondrial associated protein FAHD1 and GDF-15 are associated with sepsis, and the diagnostic efficiency is improved when combined with PCT and CRP, which might provide experimental basis for screening diagnostic markers of sepsis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883391

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the diagnosis and treatment of complications related to abdominal lymphangioma in children.Methods:The clinical data of 18 children with complications related to abdominal lymphangioma in Anhui Provincial Children′s Hospital from January 2016 to January 2020 were collected. The clinical manifestations, radiological characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among the 18 children, there were 4 cases with secondary infection, 3 cases with hemorrhage, 2 cases with rupture and 9 cases with intestinal obstruction. The ultrasonic diagnosis was accurately in 13 cases, and CT diagnosis was accurately in 16 cases. Conservative treatment was performed first for 2 cases with secondary infection and 1 case with rupture, and then radical operation was performed after the condition was stable. One case with macrosis lymphangioma of transverse colon complicated with infection underwent cyst external drainage in emergency first, and surgical resection of the tumor was carried out after 2 months. The other 14 cases were treated with one-stage radical operation, and the operation was successfully. There were 8 cases with single port laparoscopic assisted operation and 10 cases with open operation. Postoperative recovery was satisfactory and no complications such as chylous leakage occurred. The hospital stays after operation was (6.6 ± 1.8) d, among which the hospital stays after operation of single port laparoscopic assisted operation was (5.4 ± 1.4) d, and open operation was (7.6 ± 1.6) d. All children were followed up for 3 months to 2 years, and no single case recurred.Conclusions:Complications of abdominal lymphangioma in children are rare. Abdominal ultrasound and CT can be used as routine examination to evaluate the condition of the disease. The operation is a safe and effective procedure in clinical practice. The individualized treatment measures should be chosen according to the clinical condition.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882983

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze a Risk Scale for Emergence Agitation After General Anesthesia in Children (the EA risk scale) into simplified Chinese and evaluate the reliability and validity in children with strabismus correction surgery.Methods:After obtaining the authorization of the original author, the English version of the EA risk scale was translated, translated back and culturally debugged to form the Chinese version of the EA risk scale. Then 279 children with strabismus correction surgery were selected from a tertiary hospital of ophthalmology in Tianjin and were investigated to validate the scale.Results:The correlation coefficients of each item and the total score of the scale were respectively 0.768 (item 1) ,0.717(item 2), 0.676(item 3), 0.634(item 4) (all P < 0.01). Content validity index of the scale was 0.920, and each item was 0.80-1.00. One factors including 4 items were identified using exploratory factor analysis, accounting for 62.052% of the total variance. The optimal cut-off value for the EA risk in children was 10, with the AUG was 0.816, specificity of 0.704, and sensitivity of 0.839. The Cronbach α coefficient for the total scale was 0.819, and the intraclass correlation coefficient value between the scorers was 0.835. Conclusion:The Chinese version of the EA risk scale has good reliability and validity. The items are concise, clear, and easy to understand. It is suitable for clinical departments as a preliminary screening tool to identify emergence agitation after general anesthesia on children with strabismus correction surgery and to assess the risk of its occurrence.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of rumination in patients with primary glaucomatous visual field defect and explore the influencing factors.Methods:Totally 267 patients with primary glaucomatous visual field defect were selected via convenience sampling method. Invasive rumination, purpose rumination, and self-management behaviors among different visual field were compared. The main influencing factors of invasive rumination and purpose rumination were analyzed.Results:Total score of rumination in patients with primary glaucomatous visual field defect was (29.90±5.58) points, average item score of self-management behaviors was (2.81±0.31) points. There were no significant difference in invasive rumination, purpose rumination, self-management behaviors among different visual field ( P>0.05). Accidental injury, life adjustment, income of family per mouth and degree of education could explain 30.7% of the total invasive rumination variation; disease management, body function promotion and accidental injury could explain 11.1% of the total purpose rumination variation. Conclusions:Rumination and self-management behaviors in patients with primary glaucomatous visual field were at a lower middle level and middle level respectively. Medical staff should attach importance to assess the invasive rumination among these patients with accidental injury, poor ability of life adjustment, low income of family per mouth and low degree of education. Through lowering the negative experience, changing the cognitive and taking correct self-management behaviors, then prognosis of disease would be improved.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882019

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus(VP)in oysters in Jinshan District, Shanghai and make assessment on the risks that may cause, providing the basis for prevention and control of foodborne disease. Methods Raw oyster samples with shells were randomly collected from markets, supermarkets and restaurants in Jinshan District from July to October in 2017. The content of VP in oysters was tested in accordance with the national standard methods. The semi-quantitative risk assessment for VP in oysters was made by Risk Ranger combining with the monitoring results of diet and health status of residents in Jinshan District of Shanghai in 2012-2013. Results The overall positive rate of VP in the 40 oyster samples was 80.0%(32/40). The positive rate of VP in oyster samples from farmer's markets was the highest, 85.7%(12/14), followed by those from restaurants and supermarkets. The relative risk for VP in raw oysters was 63. The probability of illness caused by VP in oysters per day per consumer of interest was 6.85×10-4, and the total predicted patients annual incidence rate in this population was 1 247.8/105. Conclusion The contamination of VP in seafood oysters in Jinshan District is serious. Eating raw oysters is at high risk; consumers are advised to reduce or avoid eating raw oysters, and processing food before eating is an effective method to decrease VP infection. Strengthening surveillance and management is imperative in this regard.

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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903778

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the accuracy of computer-aided intraoperative navigation (Ci-Navi) in bimaxillary orthognathic surgery by comparing preoperative planning and postoperative outcome. @*Methods@#The study comprised 45 patients with congenital dentomaxillofacial deformities who were scheduled to undergo bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. Virtual bimaxillary orthognathic surgery was simulated using Mimics software. Intraoperatively, a Le Fort I osteotomy of the maxilla was performed using osteotomy guide plates. After the Le Fort I osteotomy and bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy of the mandible, the mobilized maxilla and the distal mandibular segment were fixed using an occlusal splint, forming the maxillomandibular complex (MMC). Realtime Ci-Navi was used to lead the MMC in the designated direction. Osteoplasty of the inferior border of the mandible was performed using Ci-Navi when facial symmetry and skeletal harmony were of concern. Linear and angular distinctions between preoperative planning and postoperative outcomes were calculated. @*Results@#The mean linear difference was 0.79 mm (maxilla: 0.62 mm, mandible: 0.88 mm) and the overall mean angular difference was 1.20°. The observed difference in the upper incisor point to the Frankfort horizontal plane, midfacial sagittal plane, and coronal plane was < 1 mm in 40 cases. @*Conclusions@#This study demonstrates the role of Ci-Navi in the accurate positioning of bone segments during bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. Ci-Navi was found to be a reliable method for the accurate transfer of the surgical plan during an operation.

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Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 236-244, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880264

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is a malignant with high incidence and mortality and adenocarcinoma is among the most popular subtypes. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation is one of the most important driver mutations for lung adenocarcinoma and EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) will benefit those patients with sensitive EGFR mutations. Recently, immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy, provide a new breakthrough treatment for lung cancer patients. Whereas immunotherapy as an emerging treatment does not benefit patients with EGFR mutations, for which mechanistic studies are poorly defined and focused on the link of EGFR mutations and programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression, we speculate that the different immune microenvironment associated with the two classes of patients.@*METHODS@#Lung adenocarcinoma datasets were collected from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, and clinical information and gene expression profiles were downloaded. The immune related lymphocyte infiltration in TCGA database were generated through timer 2.0 GSEA was used to analyze the difference of pathway expression between EGFR mutant patients and wild type patients.@*RESULTS@#EGFR mutation was more frequently among women and never smokers. Immunoinfiltration analysis showed that patients with EGFR mutation tends to have more tumor associated fibroblasts, common myeloid progenitor cells, hematopoietic stem cells, effector CD4⁺ T cells and natural killer T cells infiltration, and less memory B cells, naïve B cells, plasma B cells, plasmacytoid dendritic cells, memory CD4⁺ T cells, CD4⁺ helper T cells 2, naive CD8⁺ T cells, CD8⁺ T cells and central memory CD8⁺ T cells infiltration. Moreover, patients with more infiltration of CD8⁺ T cells, natural killer T cells, memory B cells and hematopoietic stem cells, tends have better prognosis (Log-rank test, P=0.017, 0.0093, 0.018, 0.016). However, the patients with more CD4⁺ T th2 infiltration in the tumor tends to have worse prognosis (Log-rank test, P=0.016). Furthermore, the results of gene set enrichment analysis showed that compared with the lung adenocarcinoma patients with EGFR wild type, the three pathways positive regulation of natural killer (NK) cell-mediated immune response to tumor cells, NK cell activation involved in immune response, and NK cell-mediated immune response to tumor cells related to natural killer cells in patients with EGFR mutation were down regulated, while the pathway the positive regulation of cytokine secretion involved in immune response was up-regulated in EGFR mutation patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The tumour microenvironment of patients with EGFR mutations lacks potent tumour killing effector cells and appears dysfunctional with effector cells. This may be a potential reason for the poor efficacy of immunotherapy in patients with EGFR mutations.

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