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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) in electroacupuncture (EA)-induced reduction of central post-stroke pain (CPSP) and the relationship with nod-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) in rats.Methods:Fifty SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 6 weeks, weighing 180-220 g, were divided into 5 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group Sham), CPSP group, CPSP+ sham EA group (group SEA), CPSP+ EA group (group EA) and CPSP+ EA+ SIRT1 inhibitor EX527 group (group EX527). Type Ⅳ collagenase was injected into the right ventral posterolateral nucleus to establish the model of CPSP in CPSP, SEA, EA and EX527 groups.At 24 h after the model was established successfully, 30 min EA (frequency 2/15 Hz) stimulation of Neiguan, Renzhong and Sanyinjiao was performed once a day for 5 consecutive days in EA group.EA was performed at the points 5 mm lateral to the acupoints of Neiguan, Renzhong and Sanyinjiao in group SEA, and the other procedures were similar to those previously described in group EA.SIRT1 inhibitor EX527 5 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally at 30 min before EA stimulation in group EX527, and the other procedures were similar to those previously described in group EA.At 1 day before the establishment of model (T 0) and at 1, 3 and 5 days after the establishment of model (T 1-3), the thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) and mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) were measured.The animals were then sacrificed and brain tissues were taken for determination of the expression of SIRT1, NLRP3 and interleukin (IL)-18 and IL-1β. Results:Compared with Sham group, the TWL was significantly shortened and the MWT was decreased at T 1-3, the expression of SIRT1 was down-regulated, and the expression of NLRP3, IL-18 and IL-1β was up-regulated in CPSP, SEA, EA and EX527 groups ( P<0.05). Compared with CPSP group, the TWL was significantly prolonged and the MWT was increased at T 1-3, the expression of SIRT1 was up-regulated, and the expression of NLRP3, IL-18 and IL-1β was down-regulated in EA group ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group SEA ( P>0.05). Compared with EA group, the TWL was significantly shortened and the MWT was decreased at T 1-3, the expression of SIRT1 was down-regulated, and the expression of NLRP3, IL-18 and IL-1β was up-regulated in EX527 group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:SIRT1 is involved in the process of EA-induced reduction of CPSP, which is related to inhibiting NLRP3 expression in rats.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776518

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of exendin-4(Ex-4) on the differentiation of neural stem cells(NSCs) in adult mouse subventricular zone(SVZ)and its mechanism .@*METHODS@#NSCs in the SVZ were derived from 5-week C57BL/6J mice and the expression of nestin was detected by immunofluorescence. The cell morphology was observed after the cells treatmed with 100 nmol/L Ex-4 for 14 days.The expressions of nestin and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) were detected by immunofluorescence. GLP-1R was knocked down by using shRNA and the study was divided into four groups: control group, Ex-4 group, GLP-1R knockdown group, GLP-1R knockdown + Ex-4 group. After treatment with 100 nmol/L Ex-4 for 14 d, β-tublin III and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were labeled by immunofluorescence and then the proportion of β-tublin III positive cells were counted. Western blot was used to detect the activation of cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) in NSCs. In order to further study the effects of Ex-4 on mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol 3-hydroxy kinase (PI3K) pathways, the cells were pretreated with MAPK inhibitor U0126 at a concentration of 0.07 μmol/L for 30 min or PI3K inhibitor LY294002 at 50 μmol for 2 h, respectively. The study was divided into six groups: control group, Ex-4 group, U0126 group, U0126 + Ex-4 group, LY294002 group, LY294002 + Ex-4 group. The activation of CREB in each group was detected by Western blot. The experiment was repeated three times independently.@*RESULTS@#NSCs were successfully extracted from SVZ of C57BL/6J mice. Immunofluorescence showed that nestin and GLP-1R were positive in NSCs. Compared with the control group, the proportion of neurons differentiated from Ex-4 group was higher. The percentage of neurons in GLP-1R knockdown + Ex-4 group was basically the same as that in control group (P<0.01). The positive cells of beta-tublin III showed positive activation of GLP-1R and CREB. Western blot showed that CREB was significantly activated in the Ex-4 group, and knockdown of GLP-1R abolished its activation (P<0.01). U0126 did not affect Ex-4-mediated CERB activation, and LY294002 significantly reduced Ex-4-mediated CREB activation (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Ex-4 promotes the differentiation of NSCs into neurons in SVZ of adult mice through GLP-1R receptor, which may be achieved through PI3K/CREB pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Metabolism , Exenatide , Pharmacology , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor , Genetics , Metabolism , Lateral Ventricles , Cell Biology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neural Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773617

ABSTRACT

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections. Qingfei oral liquid (QFOL), a traditional Chinese medicine, is widely used in clinical treatment for RSV-induced pneumonia. The present study was designed to reveal the potential targets and mechanism of action for QFOL by exploring its influence on the host cellular network following RSV infection. We investigated the serum proteomic changes and potential biomarkers in an RSV-infected mouse pneumonia model treated with QFOL. Eighteen BALB/c mice were randomly divided into three groups: RSV pneumonia model group (M), QFOL-treated group (Q) and the control group (C). Serum proteomes were analyzed and compared using a label-free quantitative LC-MS/MS approach. A total of 172 protein groups, 1009 proteins, and 1073 unique peptides were successfully identified. 51 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified (15 DEPs when M/C and 43 DEPs when Q/M; 7 DEPs in common). Classification and interaction network showed that these proteins participated in various biological processes including immune response, blood coagulation, complement activation, and so forth. Particularly, fibrinopeptide B (FpB) and heparin cofactor II (HCII) were evaluated as important nodes in the interaction network, which was closely involved in coagulation and inflammation. Further, the FpB level was increased in Group M but decreased in Group Q, while the HCII level exhibited the opposite trend. These findings not only indicated FpB and HCII as potential biomarkers and targets of QFOL in the treatment of RSV pneumonia, but also suggested a regulatory role of QFOL in the RSV-induced disturbance of coagulation and inflammation-coagulation interactions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Blood , Chromatography, Liquid , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Fibrinopeptide B , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Heparin Cofactor II , Genetics , Lung , Pathology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Proteome , Proteomics , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections , Blood , Drug Therapy , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
4.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 94-98, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711091

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical significance of serum Klotho protein levels in the early diagnosis and prognosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) among adult patients in the intensive care units (ICU).Methods The study was prospective and observational.Blood samples and clinical data of AKI patients admitted to the ICU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University between July 1 and August 31,2016 were collected.ELISA was used for the detection of Klotho and NGAL.Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and the area under the curve (AUC) were used to compare the predictive performance among Klotho,NGAL and serum creatinine,evaluating the sensitivity and specificity of Klotho on the diagnosis of AKI.The correlation between Klotho and prognosis of AKI was investigated by comparing serum Klotho levels and early AKI predictors.Results The patients were divided into AKI group of 52 cases and non-AKI group of 98 cases.The baseline serum Klotho level in AKI group was significantly lower than that in non-AKI group (P < 0.001).The AUC of Klotho predicting for AKI was 0.945(95% CI:0.892-0.997) and the best cut off value was 1.76 μg/L(sensitivity 92%,specificity 94%).The predictive ability of Klotho was significantly higher than serum creatinine (Scr),and the sensitivity is higher than NGAL (sensitivity 87%,specificity 96%).Serum Klotho combined with Scr predicted better AKI (AUC=0.958,95% CI:0.915-1.000,sensitivity 96%,sensitivity 92%).The level of Klotho in patients with AKI was significantly different between the renal function recovery group and non-recovery group (P=0.047),while there was no significant difference between the two groups in the level of NGAL and Scr (P > 0.05).There was no significant correlation between the Klotho level at diagnosis of AKI and peak Scr,peak eGFR,Scr at discharge and eGFR at discharge (r=0.026,P=0.853;r=-0.127,P=0.368;r=0.243,P=0.082;r=-0.187,P=0.184).Conclusion Serum Klotho may be a potential biomarker for early diagnosis of AKI,but the association between serum klotho and the prognosis of AKI requires further study.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709064

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the association of NLRP3 gene polymorphism with primary hyper tension (PH) and carotid atherosclerosis (CA) in patients of Xinjiang Kazakh nationality.Methods Three hundred and fifty PH patients of Xinjiang Kazakh nationality were divided into CA group (n=150) and CA-free group (n=200) with 200 Xinjiang Kazakh nationality people undergoing physical examination served as a control group in this study.Their NLRP3 rs10754558 genotypes and alleles were detected using the Tapman probe method and their serum IL-1β level was measured by ELISA.Results The detection rate of rs10754558 genotypes and alleles was significantly higher in CA group than in control group (20.0% vs 9.0%,43.0% vs 34.8%,P<0.05).No significant difference was found in NLRP3 gene types and G alleles between the two groups (P> 0.05).The serum IL-1β level was significantly higher in CA and CA-free groups than in control group (2.79±0.83 ng/L and 2.82±0.92 ng/L vs 2.21±0.91 ng/L,P<0.05) and in GG gene type carriers of CA and CA-free groups than in those of control group (3.40±± 0.37 ng/L and 3.35±0.43 ng/L vs 2.21±0.90 ng/L,P<0.05).Conclusion NLRP3 rs10754558 gene polymorphism is associated with genetic susceptibility to hypertension and carotid atherosclerosis in patients of Xinjiang Kazakh nationality.

6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1237-1241, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818018

ABSTRACT

Objective The mechanisms of methylation acting on myocardial fibrosis are not yet clear at present. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) in regulating the expressions of collagens during the activation of cardiac fibroblasts.Methods Cardiac fibroblasts were obtained from 50 neonatal mice and divided into three groups: blank control, DNMT3A overexpression plasmid (mDNMT3A-pEGFP-C3) and small interference DNMT3A siRNA. The contents of collagens in the cell supernatant were detected by ELISA. The mRNA and protein expressions of type I collagen (Col Ⅰ), type Ⅲ collagen (Col Ⅲ) and DNMT3A in the cardiac fibroblasts were determined by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot respectively and the proliferative activity of the cardiac fibroblasts measured by CCK8 assay.Results The contents of Col I and Col Ⅲ in the cell supernatant were significantly increased in the DNMT3A overexpression plasmid group but decreased in the DNMT3A siRNA group as compared with those in the blank control (P<0.05). The expressions of Col Ⅰ, Col Ⅲ and DNMT3A were remarkably higher in the DNMT3A overexpression plasmid group but lower in the DNMT3A siRNA group than in the blank control (P<0.05). The cell activity was markedly higher in the DNMT3A overexpression plasmid group than in the empty vector plasmid and control groups (2.087±0.317 vs 1.063±0.223 and 1.082±0.207, P<0.05) but lower in the DNMT3A siRNA group (0.463±0.087) than in the latter two (P<0.05).Conclusion DNMT3A can increase the proliferation and activation of cardiac fibroblasts, upregulate the expressions of collagens and thus promote myocardial fibrosis.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812407

ABSTRACT

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections. Qingfei oral liquid (QFOL), a traditional Chinese medicine, is widely used in clinical treatment for RSV-induced pneumonia. The present study was designed to reveal the potential targets and mechanism of action for QFOL by exploring its influence on the host cellular network following RSV infection. We investigated the serum proteomic changes and potential biomarkers in an RSV-infected mouse pneumonia model treated with QFOL. Eighteen BALB/c mice were randomly divided into three groups: RSV pneumonia model group (M), QFOL-treated group (Q) and the control group (C). Serum proteomes were analyzed and compared using a label-free quantitative LC-MS/MS approach. A total of 172 protein groups, 1009 proteins, and 1073 unique peptides were successfully identified. 51 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified (15 DEPs when M/C and 43 DEPs when Q/M; 7 DEPs in common). Classification and interaction network showed that these proteins participated in various biological processes including immune response, blood coagulation, complement activation, and so forth. Particularly, fibrinopeptide B (FpB) and heparin cofactor II (HCII) were evaluated as important nodes in the interaction network, which was closely involved in coagulation and inflammation. Further, the FpB level was increased in Group M but decreased in Group Q, while the HCII level exhibited the opposite trend. These findings not only indicated FpB and HCII as potential biomarkers and targets of QFOL in the treatment of RSV pneumonia, but also suggested a regulatory role of QFOL in the RSV-induced disturbance of coagulation and inflammation-coagulation interactions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Blood , Chromatography, Liquid , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Fibrinopeptide B , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Heparin Cofactor II , Genetics , Lung , Pathology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Proteome , Proteomics , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections , Blood , Drug Therapy , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662183

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop an ECG monitoring and management system based on the smartphone platform to transmit ECG data to the doctor in daily life or working environment.Methods The system was composed of an ECG signal acquisition device and a smartphone App.The ECG signal acquisition device used MSP430F149 microcontroller as the core unit,which executed ECG signal extraction by adopting right leg drive,active filters,dual instrumentation amplifier and moving average algorithm,applied differential threshold method to accurately detecting R wave,calculated heart rate and then sent ECG data to the smartphone through Bluetooth 4.0 module.The smartphone App was developed based on cross-platform mobile development framework Cordova,and used Cordova plugins,JavaScript,HTML5 and CSS to receive the data from the acquisition device,draw and store ECG,show heart rate and remind abnormalities in heart rate as well as to transmit ECG data to the doctor through the mobile medicine App and social App.Then the doctor provided advices on prevention,treatment and etc after analyzing the received data.Results Compared with the ECG machine,the system had the relative errors of heart rate,P duration,QRS duration and QT duration being 2.7%,4.5%,4.3% and 3.3% respectively.All the above four parameters having significant correlations,and the correlation parameters were 0.955,0.948,0.91 and 0.834 respectively (P<0.05).The system had 8-h endurance in case of being fully charged.Concluslon The system gains advantages in power consumption,accuracy,noise,cost,volume,weight,safety,reliability as well as easy operation and maintenance,and facilitates the ECG conditions to be mastered timely by the doctor.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659537

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop an ECG monitoring and management system based on the smartphone platform to transmit ECG data to the doctor in daily life or working environment.Methods The system was composed of an ECG signal acquisition device and a smartphone App.The ECG signal acquisition device used MSP430F149 microcontroller as the core unit,which executed ECG signal extraction by adopting right leg drive,active filters,dual instrumentation amplifier and moving average algorithm,applied differential threshold method to accurately detecting R wave,calculated heart rate and then sent ECG data to the smartphone through Bluetooth 4.0 module.The smartphone App was developed based on cross-platform mobile development framework Cordova,and used Cordova plugins,JavaScript,HTML5 and CSS to receive the data from the acquisition device,draw and store ECG,show heart rate and remind abnormalities in heart rate as well as to transmit ECG data to the doctor through the mobile medicine App and social App.Then the doctor provided advices on prevention,treatment and etc after analyzing the received data.Results Compared with the ECG machine,the system had the relative errors of heart rate,P duration,QRS duration and QT duration being 2.7%,4.5%,4.3% and 3.3% respectively.All the above four parameters having significant correlations,and the correlation parameters were 0.955,0.948,0.91 and 0.834 respectively (P<0.05).The system had 8-h endurance in case of being fully charged.Concluslon The system gains advantages in power consumption,accuracy,noise,cost,volume,weight,safety,reliability as well as easy operation and maintenance,and facilitates the ECG conditions to be mastered timely by the doctor.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485802

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Non-heart beating donors have become the most promising source of donor in recent years. Tofurther improve donor preservation solution, on the basis of conventional storage solution hypertonic citrate adenine solution, artificial cordyceps was added to prepare artificial cordyceps compound solution. It is hoped to reduce donor injury and to elevate donor quality by antioxidation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the preservation effect of artificial cordyceps compound solution on isolated renal from non-heart-beating rats. METHODS: Medulas of 39 Sprague-Dawley rats were injured. Withoutin vitro respiratory and circulatory supports, non-heart-beating models were established and randomly divided into three groups: artificial cordyceps compound group (n=15), hypertonic citrate adenine solution group (n=15) and physiological saline group (n=9). The kidneys of rats in different groups were stored in artificial cordyceps compound solution, hypertonic citrate adenine solution and physiological saline at 4℃. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with the hypertonic citrate adenine solution group, after 6 and 12 hours of preservation, morphological injury was mild, apoptotic index, malondialdehyde, Bax and Caspase-3 expression levels decreased, superoxide dismutase activity and Bcl-2 expression increased; after 24 hours, the degree of injury was similar, malondialdehyde content decreased, and superoxide dismutase activity increased in the artificial cordyceps compound group. These findings indicated that the preservation effect of artificial cordyceps compound on antioxidation and inhibition of apoptosis was better than that of hypertonic citrate adenine solution in non-hearting beating rats.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238630

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the in vitro protective effect of Pinus massoniana bark extracts (PMBE) against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293), and preliminarily study its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293) were cultured in vitro. The MTT assay was adopted to test the effect of PMBE and cisplatin on growth of HEK293 cells, and the protective effect of PMBE on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity of HEK293, and then detect the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH) content, catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and activity of thioredoxin reductase (TrxR).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>PMBE could promote growth of HEK293 cells at low concentrations, but generate slight nephrotoxicity at high concentration. Cisplatin could inhibit growth of HEK293 cells, increase ROS and MDA content, while reducing SOD, CAT and TrxR. The pre-protective PMBE was added to reduce cisplatin's injury to HEK293 cells, ROS, MDA and GSH content, SOD, CAT and TrxR within certain range.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PMBE at specific concentration has the protective effect in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in HEK293 cells. Its mechanism may be related to PMBE's antioxidant activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants , Metabolism , Cisplatin , Toxicity , Epithelial Cells , Metabolism , Glutathione , Metabolism , Glutathione Peroxidase , Metabolism , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Kidney , Metabolism , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Mice , Pinus , Chemistry , Plant Bark , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , Thioredoxin-Disulfide Reductase , Metabolism
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812655

ABSTRACT

The main objective of the current study was to develop a universal method for a protein binding assay of complicated herbal components, and to investigate the possible relationship between compound polarity and protein binding using Schisadra lignans as an example. Firstly, the rat, dog and human plasma were spiked with three different concentrations of Schisandra chinensis extract (SLE), and ultramicrofiltration was used to obtain the unbound ingredients. Secondly, thirty-one Schisandra lignans in total plasma and ultrafiltered fluid were measured by LC-IT-TOFMS. Lastly, a relative exposure approach, which entailed calculating the relative concentrations of each Schisandra lignan from the corresponding calibration equation created from the calibration samples spiked with the stock solution of SLE, was applied in order to overcome the absence of authentic standards. The results showed that Schisandra lignans exhibited a high capability to bind with plasma protein, furthermore, the protein binding ratio of the lignan components increased proportionally with their individual chromatographic retention time, which indicated that the ratio of protein binding of lignans might increase accordingly with decreasing polarity. This study suggested that the compound polarity might be an important factor affecting the plasma protein binding of herbal components.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Proteins , Chemistry , Metabolism , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Dogs , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Humans , Kinetics , Lignans , Blood , Chemistry , Male , Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Protein Binding , Rats , Schisandra , Chemistry
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1393-1400, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324967

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>It is important to determine the incidence of acute mountain sickness (AMS) among workers at altitudes between 3500 m and 5000 m on Mt. Tanggula during the construction of the Qinghai-Tibet railroad. This study explored the risk factors predisposing workers to developing AMS and attempted to develop more effective ways of preventing and treating AMS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 11,182 workers were surveyed by completing twice daily a Lake Louise questionnaire, and a score ≥ 3 indicated AMS. The contributing risk factors were assessed for at least 2 months for the duration of the study in the years from 2001 to 2003. A risk model was developed by multiple Logistic regression. Standard statistical methods were used to analyze data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>AMS occurred in 56% of workers working at high altitudes on Mt. Tanggula. The incidence of AMS increased with increasing altitude. Rapid ascent to an altitude above 3500 m, sea-level or lowland newcomers, young people under 25 years of age, heavy physical exertion, obese person, and arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) below 80% were independent AMS risk factors. No significant association was found between AMS and sex or taking Rhodiola. Medical education contributed to an early diagnosis of AMS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study used the Lake Louise scoring system suggesting that it is a well-validated standard for field evaluation of AMS and for making an early diagnosis. These studies have described many variables regarding risk factors for the development of AMS. Risk factors which can be modified should be attended to, and the physicians should carry out check-ups and tests to identify subjects who are more at risk. Prevention consists in continuous gradual ascent, medical education, and prompt descent to avoid progression in patients with serious AMS. It is most important to effectively control the risk factors of AMS.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adult , Age Factors , Altitude Sickness , Body Mass Index , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Diseases , Oxygen , Blood , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Tibet
14.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 385-391, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286107

ABSTRACT

To construct a recombinant adenovirus co-expressing the E2 protein of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) and the porcine interleukin 2 (pIL-2), the CSFV E2 gene and pIL-2 gene were amplified respectively from the plasmids pMD19-T-E2 and pMD19-T-pIL-2 by PCR. E2-pIL-2 fusion gene was obtained by using 5 consecutive glycine codons as a linker and cloned into the adenoviral shuttle plasmid AdTrack. The AdTrack-E2-pIL-2 was linearized and transformed into E. coli BJ5183 with the backbone plasmid AdEasy1. The resultant recombinant plasmid AdEasy-E2-pIL-2 was transfected into the 293 cells where the recombinant adenovirus rAd-E2-pIL-2 was produced. The immunogenicity of rAd-E2-pIL-2 was evaluated in rabbits. The results of RT-PCR and Western-blotting showed that rAd-E2-pIL-2 could carry and express E2 and pIL-2 proteins. The titer of the rAd-E2-pIL-2 was 10(8.12) PFU/mL. After immunized with rAd-E2pIL-2, The injected rabbits developed a high level of CSFV specific antibodies. Regular fever was not detected in the rAd-E2-pIL-2-immunized rabbits upon challenge with CSFV C stain, and specific lymphoproliferative responses to the CSFV was detected in the lymphocytes from the immunized rabbits. In conclusion, rAd-E2-pIL-2 was constructed successfully and it could be an attractive vaccine candidate against CSFV.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Genetics , Metabolism , Animals , Cell Line , Classical Swine Fever Virus , Genetics , Humans , Interleukin-2 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Rabbits , Swine , Viral Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Viral Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234191

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To propose the clinical classification of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS).</p><p><b>METHODS AND RESULTS</b>Retrospective analysis of 52 patients with PJS admitted in Nanfang Hospital from 1980 to 2003 was conducted. Twenty-four patients were found to have family history of PJS, who had a mean age of 19 years. In the PJS patients, the incidence of gastric polyps was 64.4%, colorectal polyps 76%, and small bowel polyps 95%. The number of polyps was above 50 in 19 of the 31 patients with gastric polyps, in 18 of the 38 patients with colorectal polyps, and in 8 of the 19 patients with small bowel polyps. The pathology of the majority of the polyps (63/108) was characterized by hamartomas, and the incidence of malignancy was 13.5% in the PJS patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PJS can be classified according to family history and location, pathology, and number of the polyps. As most patients with over 50 polyps require surgical intervention, 50 polyps is recommended as the criteria for PJS classification. Endoscopic surgery may suffice for management of patients with fewer polyps (<50), while in patients with more polyps or small bowel polyps, open surgery combined with intraoperative endoscopic surgery is recommended.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Intestinal Polyps , Pathology , Male , Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome , Classification , Pathology , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies
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