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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882192

ABSTRACT

@# [Abstract] Chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells (CAR-T cells) refers to the products after transferring genetic material with specific antigen recognition domain and T cell activation signal domains into T cells by gene modification technology, thus rendering the modified T cells activated by binding directly to specific antigens on the surface of tumor cells in the CAR-T cell therapy. In recent years, CAR-T cells have achieved remarkable results in the treatment of hematological diseases, bringing new hope to patients with hematological tumors. CAR-T cell therapy has become one of the most promising tumor immunotherapies, and CAR-T cells have become a hot spot for research and development by major companies. However, due to the side effects such as cytokine storm and poor treatment effect on solid tumors, the clinical application of CAR-T cells still faces challenges. In addition to traditional T cells, other immune cells are being explored for the application of CAR, for example, modifying immune cells such as NK cells, γδT cells, NKT cells, and macrophages to improve the effectiveness of these immune cells in killing tumors, and simultaneously reduce the adverse reactions caused by CAR-T cell immunotherapy. This review compares the advantages and disadvantages of different CAR-modified immune cells in tumor therapy and provides new ideas and enlightenments for the clinical development and application of CAR-modified immune cells in tumor immunotherapy.

2.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(7): e360705, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1339000

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the effect of ferulic acid (FA) on spinal cord injury (SCI)-induced motor dysfunction and to explore the possible pharmacological mechanisms. Methods Adult male Wistar rats were used in our study. SCI was achieved by clipping the spinal cord T9 of the rat by a vascular clip for 2 minutes. The motor function of the rat was evaluated by Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scoring method (BBB) and inclined plane test. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, NISSL staining, and transmission electron microscopic examination were used to evaluate alterations at the histological level. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Western blots, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) were employed in biochemical analysis. Results The BBB score and inclined plane test score significantly decreased after SCI surgery, whereas chronic FA treatment (dose of 90 mg/kg, i.g.) for 28 days improved SCI-induced motor dysfunction. HE staining showed that SCI surgery induced internal spinal cord edema, but the structural changes of the spinal cord could be reversed by FA treatment. NISSL staining and transmission electron microscopic examination confirmed the improvement of the effect of FA on the injury site. In the biochemical analysis, it could be found that FA inhibitedSCI-induced mRNA and protein overexpression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α), as well as iNOS and COX-2 via the modulation of NF-κB level in the spinal cord of SCI rat. Moreover, the SCI-induced decrease of Bcl-2/Bax ratio was also reversed by FA treatment. However, the effect of FA on the expression of Beclin-1 was not statistically significant. Conclusions FA showed a therapeutic effect on SCI, which may be associated with the regulation of neuroinflammation and apoptosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878947

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the molecular mechanism of Spatholobi Caulis in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) was studied through network pharmacology and molecular docking analysis. With traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) Spatholobi Caulis as the study object, active ingredients of Spatholobi Caulis and corresponding potential drug targets were obtained from Traditio-nal Chinese Medicine Pharmacology Platform(TCMSP) database; GeneCards database was used to collect cancer-related genes; Cytoscape software was used to build Spatholobi Caulis active ingredient-target-pathway relationship network. DAVID database was used for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis of targets, KEGG signaling pathway was visualized, and compounds were screened out for molecular docking. Finally, in vitro experiments on human lung cancer cells, A549 treated with luteolin and licochalcone A were used to preliminarily verify the core targets and pathways, cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 method, and expressions of caspase-3 and Bax protein were detected by Western blot. A total of 23 active components and 170 potential drug targets were selected from Spatholobi Caulis, involving 127 pathways in total. Molecular docking results showed that licochalcone A,(Z)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-N-[2-(4-hydroxy-phenyl) ethyl] acrylamide, consumeclose grain successfully docked with the key target EGFR, and binding energy of the three compounds was less than-5 kcal·mol~(-1). CCK-8 results showed that luteolin, licochalcone A, and Spatholobi Caulis extract had the inhibitory effect on human lung cancer A549 cells. Western blot showed that luteolin, licochalcone A and Spatholobi Caulis extract could induce cell apoptosis by increasing the expressions of pro-apoptotic factors caspase-3 and Bax. In this study, the anti-lung cancer effect of Spatholobi Caulis was studied through network pharmacology and molecular docking, in order to provide ideas for the molecular mechanism of Spatholobi Caulis in the treatment of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
4.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Sep; 16(5): 1129-1133
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213767

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between infrared thermal imaging-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-pathology of microwave ablation (MWA) of lesions in rabbit lung tumors. Materials and Methods: MR-guided MWA was performed in nine VX2 tumor-bearing rabbits. Infrared thermal imaging, postoperative MRI, and pathological presentation were obtained and analyzed. The differences between the infrared thermal imaging-MRI-pathology of MWA were compared. Results: The center of the ablated lesion exhibited a high signal on T1-Vibe, and an isointense envelope was observed; the center of the ablated lesion exhibited a low signal on fat-suppressed turbo spin-echo T2-weighted imaging (TSE-T2WI-FS) and bands of high signal surrounding it compared with before MWA. No statistically significant difference existed between the maximum diameter of the central low-signal area of the ablation zone on TSE-T2WI-FS after MWA, the high-signal area of the ablation zone on T1-Vibe after MWA, and the maximum diameter of the pathological coagulation necrosis area, as well as between the maximum diameter of the isointense signal area peripheral to the ablation zone on T1-Vibe after MWA, the high-signal area peripheral to the ablation zone on TSE-T2WI-FS, the maximum diameter at the 41°C isothermal zone on infrared thermal imaging, and the maximum diameter of the pathological thermal injury zone. Conclusions: MWA of malignant lung tumors had specific MRI characteristics that were comparable with postoperative pathology. Infrared thermal imaging combined with MRI can be used to evaluate the extent of thermal damage to lung VX2 tumors

5.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 May; 16(2): 258-262
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213809

ABSTRACT

Aims: The goal of this study was to analyze the puncture routes of imaging-guided thermal ablation for tumors of the hepatic caudate lobe. Materials and Methods: The imaging-guided thermal ablation puncture routes of 12 cases of hepatic caudate lobe tumors were collected in our hospital from January 2013 to February 2019. The puncture routes were retrospectively analyzed, and the experience of thermal ablation therapy for hepatic caudate lobe tumors was summarized. Results: Among the 12 cases of hepatic caudate lobe tumors, puncture routes were divided into the anterior (through the left lobe of the liver) approach (six cases), the right hepatic approach (five cases), and the transthoracic approach (one case). Different ablation electrodes were selected according to the puncture route and method of guiding. No serious postoperative complications were noted. Conclusion: The hepatic caudate lobe is surrounded by the inferior vena cava, hepatic vein, and hepatic hilum, leading to great difficulties and risks in performing minimally invasive treatment of hepatic caudate lobe malignancies. Therefore, selecting an appropriate puncture route is an important factor in the success of the treatment

6.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Jan; 15(6): 1611-1616
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213579

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the technical procedure, safety, and clinical value of the transosseous approach for computed tomography (CT)-guided radioactive 125-iodine (125I) seed implantation for the treatment of thoracic and abdominal lymph node metastases. Subjects and Methods: This was a retrospective study that Nine lymph node metastases in nine patients were treated in our hospital between January 2010 and August 2018. Under CT guidance, at least one puncture path was made through the transosseous approach. The seeds were planted according to the TPS. CT/MRI scans were performed every 2 months after the treatment to evaluate local therapeutic efficacy according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Results: The transosseous approach was successfully established in all patients. The median follow-up time was 11 months (6–36 months). At 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 months after operation, the objective effective rate and clinical benefit rate were 66.67%, 77.78%, 77.78%, 71.43%, 66.67% and 50.00%; and 88.89%, 88.89%, 88.89%, 71.43%, 66.67% and 50.00%, respectively. The survival rate of the patients at 6, 12, 18, 24, 30 and 36 months after operation was 53.00%, 26.00%, 26.00%, 13.00%, 13.00% and 13.00%, respectively. Conclusions: The transosseous approach for CT-guided radioactive 125I seed implantation was safe, effective, and minimally invasive for the treatment of thoracic and abdominal lymph node metastases

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1299-1302, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829112

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between classroom lighting and poor vision of primary and middle school students of poor vision with classroom natural light selecting and artificial lighting, so as to provide reference and basis for the prevention and control of eyesight of primary and middle school students.@*Methods@#A total of 1 734 students from 45 classrooms in 7 primary and secondary schools (2 in primary school, 2 in junior high school, and 1 in vocational school) in Baiyun District, Guangzhou were selected by stratified cluster sampling method for research. The classroom lighting environment was monitored by the illuminometer, the naked eye vision of students was detected by 5 m standard logarithmic vision light box, and the basic information and myopia-related behaviors of students were investigated by questionnaire. And the correlation between poor vision of primary and middle school students and classroom lighting was analyzed.@*Results@#The poor vision rate of primary and middle school students in Baiyun District of Guangzhou was 74.2%(1 286), the girls’ rate(79.7%) was higher than boys’(69.4%), the rate of senior high school students(63.4%) was higher than that of middle school students(81.1%), the rate of vocational school students(82.8%) was higher that of primary school students(60.2%), the rate of resident students(78.5%) was higher than that of non-resident students(69.6%). The results of multivariate analysis after controlling for confangulation factors showed that average illumination on the blackboard, and uneven illumination on the desk were associated with higher risk of poor vision[OR(OR95%CI)=1.51(1.01-2.25), 1.42(1.02-1.98),P<0.05)].@*Conclusion@#Poor eyesight of primary and middle school students in Baiyun District of Guangzhou city is serious, especially that of female students, senior high school students and resident students. There is a significant correlation between classroom lighting and poor vision in primary and middle school students. The blackboard and desk lighting are associated with higher risk of poor vision in primary and middle school students.

8.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 559-562, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822807

ABSTRACT

Objeetive@#To understand the recurrence of tuberculosis patients in Yunnan Province and its influencing factors,so as to provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of tuberculosis.@*Methods@#Through the tuberculosis management information system, the data of successful treatment of tuberculosis cases in Yunnan Province in 2013 and the data of recurrent tuberculosis cases in Yunnan Province in 2014-2018 were collected. The recurrence rate,recurrence proportion and recurrence time of tuberculosis were analyzed, and the influencing factors of tuberculosis recurrence were analyzed by Cox multi factor proportional risk model. @*Results @#A total of 9787 cases of tuberculosis were investigated. 385 cases recurred in 5 years, accounting for 3.94%. The recurrence rate was 0.73/100 person years. The recurrence interval [M (QR)] was 35.12 (28.57) months. The following are the risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis recurrence:male(HR=1.297,95%CI:1.031~1.631),secondary tuberculosis(HR=2.000,95%CI:1.088~3.676) in the 40-59 age group(HR=1.618,95%CI:1.036-2.528), the retreatment(HR=1.566,95%CI:1.040-2.356),positive of sputum culture(HR=4.048,95%CI:1.795-9.129)and sputum?smear positive(HR=1.569,95%CI:1.266-1.945), cavitary pulmonary tuberculosis( HR=1.382,95%CI:1.112-1.716).@*Conclusion@#The recurrence rate of tuberculosis is low in Yunnnan province, and the risk of pulmonary tuberculosis recurrence is high in male, in the 40-59 age group,retreatment,positive of sputum culture only and sputum smear positive,patients with cavitary tuberculosis.

9.
Clinics ; 75: e1656, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133444

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are potentially ideal for type 2 diabetes treatment, owing to their multidirectional differentiation ability and immunomodulatory properties. Here we investigated whether the stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) in combination with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) could treat type 2 diabetic rats, and explored the underlying mechanism. METHODS: SD rats were used to generate a type 2 diabetes model, which received stem cell therapy, HBO therapy, or both together. Before and after treatment, body weight, blood glucose, and serum insulin, blood lipid, pro-inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6), and urinary proteins were measured and compared. After 6 weeks, rats were sacrificed and their organs were subjected to hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunofluorescence staining for insulin and glucagon; apoptosis and proliferation were analyzed in islet cells. Structural changes in islets were observed under an electron microscope. Expression levels of Pdx1, Ngn3, and Pax4 mRNAs in the pancreas were assessed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). RESULTS: In comparison with diabetic mice, those treated with the combination or SHE therapy showed decreased blood glucose, insulin resistance, serum lipids, and pro-inflammatory cytokines and increased body weight and serum insulin. The morphology and structure of pancreatic islets improved, as evident from an increase in insulin-positive cells and a decrease in glucagon-positive cells. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining of islet cells revealed the decreased apoptosis index, while Ki67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen staining showed increased proliferation index. Pancreatic expression of Pdx1, Ngn3, and Pax4 was upregulated. CONCLUSION: SHED combined with HBO therapy was effective for treating type 2 diabetic rats. The underlying mechanism may involve SHED-mediated increase in the proliferation and trans-differentiation of islet β-cells and decrease in pro-inflammatory cytokines and apoptosis of islets.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Mice , Rats , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Insulin-Secreting Cells , Hyperbaric Oxygenation/methods , Stem Cells , Tooth, Deciduous , China , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/chemically induced , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Insulin
10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 779-783, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869745

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic effect of low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave (Li-ESW) in model rats with chronic prostatitis and its optimal parameters.Methods:From April to August 2019, 90 healthy male SD rats aged 8 weeks were randomly divided into control group (group C, n=15), model group (group M, n=15) and shock wave treatment group (group T, n=60), which were treated with Li-ESW after being modeled successfully. The rats in group T were supine and treated with focused Li-ESW, and the probe was placed above the anatomical position of the prostate. Treatment scheme was 3 Hz of frequency, 500 pulses, and once a week for 4 weeks. Group T was divided into group T1(0.09 mJ/mm 2), T2(0.20 mJ/mm 2), T3(0.30 mJ/mm 2) and T4(0.40 mJ/mm 2) according to energy flux density, with 15 rats in each group. Before the establishment of the model, the rats in each group were tested with von Frey fiber of 2 g, 4 g and 6 g at the scrotum respectively, and the positive reaction was recorded. There was no significant difference between the three groups ( P>0.05). After one week, the rat model with CP was established by injecting 3% carrageenan into the bilateral lobes of the prostate under anesthesia. And one week after the modeling was completed, the rats in each group underwent von Frey test again to measure pain and evaluate the modeling effects. Group T was then treated once a week for a 4-week period. During the treatment, von Frey test was performed before each treatment to evaluate the treatment effect of the previous week. After the von Frey test for one, two and four weeks of treatment, 5 rats were sacrificed in each group, and the bilateral lobes of the prostate were dissected under aseptic conditions for paraffin inclusion and HE staining. Result:The positive reaction in group M and each group T was significantly more than those in group C ( P<0.001) one week after the modeling was completed, and there was no significant difference between group M and group T. The number of positive reactions in group T2 was lower than that in group M at each time point after treatment ( P<0.05), and it is also less in group T1, T3 and T4 were than that in group M after 3 weeks, 3 and 4 weeks and 2 weeks respectively( P<0.05). In group T2, the number of positive reactions began to decrease after 1 week of treatment, and reached the lowest after 4 weeks, with significant difference in pain measurement results at different time points ( P<0.05). The results of pathological examination showed that there were more inflammatory cells in prostatic stroma and disordered arrangement of epithelial cells in group M than that in group C. The pathological scores of group M, T1, T2, T3 and T4 were 8, 7, 4, 6, 9 after 1 week treatment, 8, 5, 3, 4, 7 points after 2 weeks treatment, and 7, 3, 2, 4, 7 points after 4 weeks treatment, respectively. Conclusions:Low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave treatment had a significant effect on the improvement of symptoms in model rats with chronic prostatitis. Under the scheme of frequency 3 Hz, 500 pulses, once a week for 4 weeks, the optimal parameters is 0.20 mJ/mm 2.

11.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-211931

ABSTRACT

Currently, the pathogenesis of migraine is unclear. The trigeminal vascular reflex theory is the dominant pathogenesis theory, and its core parts are neurogenic inflammation and pain sensitisation. Calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) is the most powerful vasodilating peptide in brain circulation. It is also a marker of trigeminal nerve microvascular activation that plays a synergistic role in the pathogenesis of migraine. Adenosine A1 receptor (A1R) can inhibit the release of CGRP in the trigeminal nerve vascular system to alleviate migraine by mediating adenosine. This review summarises the progress of research on the alleviation of migraine by using A1R-mediated CGRP.

12.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2019 Aug; 15(4): 813-817
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213436

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and clinical efficacy of computed tomography (CT)-guided 125 I seed interstitial implantation in patients with secondary adrenal carcinoma. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients with secondary adrenal carcinoma received CT-guided 125 I seed interstitial implantation. A three-dimensional treatment planning system was used to calculate the dose distribution before 125 I seed interstitial implantation. CT scans were performed every 2 months after the treatment to evaluate local therapeutic efficacy according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Results: The mean follow-up time was 23.65 months (5–102 months). The mean maximum tumor diameter was 34.16 ± 18.94 mm at the beginning of follow-up and 14.42 ± 24.07 mm at the end of follow-up. Eleven patients had complete response (CR), seven had partial response (PR), one had stable disease, and one had progressive disease. Local control rate (CR + PR) was 90% (18/20). The median survival time was 19 months (5–71 months). The 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates were 83.70%, 46.8%, 20.80%, and 20.80%, respectively. Conclusion: CT-guided 125 I radioactive seed interstitial implantation may be a feasible, safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment for secondary adrenal carcinoma

13.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2019 Apr; 15(2): 394-397
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213630

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to assess the clinical value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided transperineal prostate biopsy in the diagnosis of prostate disease. Materials and Methods: The institutional ethics committee approved this study. MRI-guided transperineal prostate biopsy was performed on 78 patients who had presented to our hospital with a prostate-specific antigen level >4 ng/mL or with MRI scans suggesting prostate cancer between January 2015 and August 2017. Written informed consent was obtained from all patients. Results: Of the 78 patients, pathological diagnosis could not be carried out in one because insufficient prostate tissue was obtained during biopsy. Prostate adenocarcinoma was confirmed in 34 patients, small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma in 1 patient, prostatic tuberculosis in 1 patient, and benign prostatic hyperplasia in 41 patients. These diagnoses were confirmed by surgical pathology in 31 patients, and all results were consistent with the biopsy pathology, with no false positives. Postoperative urinary tract infection occurred in one patient, and mild postoperative hemorrhage around the prostate gland was seen in 65 patients, without the need for further clinical treatment. Conclusion: MRI-guided transperineal prostate biopsy is helpful in the diagnosis and treatment of prostatic disease

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817697

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】 To investigate the role of CFTR in visceral preadipocyte proliferation and differentiation.【Method】Primary preadipocytes were separated from visceral adipose tissue of the 4-week-old and 8-week-old CFTR-KO mice and age-matched littermates. Quantitative real time -PCR assay were used to measure the expression of proliferative and differentiation key transcriptional factors in visceral preadipocytes. An in vitro dexamethasone-methylisobutylxanthine- insulin(DMI)induced 3T3-L1 preadipocytes differentiation model was used. Western blot assay was used to measure the change of CFTR and key differentiation transcriptional factors. After knockdown or overexpression of CFTR,western blot, quantitative real time-PCR,MTT assay and Oil red O staining were used to measure the effects of CFTR on 3T3-L1 cells proliferation and differentiation. A mouse model of obesity with high-fat diet was used. Quantitative real time -PCR assay were used to measure the mRNA levels of proliferative and differentiation key transcriptional factors and CFTR in visceral preadipocytes.【Results】CFTR- KO mice displayed a decline in preadipocyte proliferation and differentiation,including Pref-1,CyclinD1,PPAR γ,and C/EBP α(P<0.05). In vitro,DMI caused significant increases in CFTR expression in the early phase of differentiation (P<0.05). DMI- stimulated preadipocyte transcriptional factors reflecting proliferative differentiation(C/EBPβ,C/EBP δ,CREB,and KLF4)and adipogenic differentiation(SREBP-1,PPAR γ,and C/EBP α) were markedly inhibited by knockdown,and reversed by overexpression of CFTR. CFTR is expressed in mouse visceral preadipocytes and increased with the enhanced preadipocyte proliferation and differentiation as evidenced by detecting key transcriptional factors including PPAR γ,C/EBP α,C/EBP β,C/EBP δ,SREBP-1 and FABP4 in mice fed with high- fat-diet for 2,4 weeks(P<0.05).【Conclusions】These results demonstrate that CFTR may play a role in the preadipocyte proliferation and differentiation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774547

ABSTRACT

In order to increase the stability and solubility of essential oil in Jieyu Anshen Formula, this study was to prepare the essential oil into liposomes. In this experiment, the method for the determination of encapsulation efficiency of liposomes was established by ultraviolet spectrophotometer and dextran gel column. The encapsulation efficiency and particle size of liposomes were used as evaluation indexes for single factor investigation and Box-Behnken design-response surface method was used to optimize the design. Then the optimal formulation of volatile oil liposome was characterized using methyleugenol, elemin, β-asarone and α-asarone as index components. Finally, the in vitro transdermal properties of liposomes were studied by modified Franz diffusion cell. The results showed that the concentration of lecithin, the mass ratio of lecithin to volatile oil, and the stirring speed were the three most significant factors affecting the liposome preparation. The optimum formulation of volatile oil liposome was as follows: the concentration of lecithin was 7 g·L~(-1); mass ratio of lecithin to volatile oil was 5∶1; and the stirring speed was 330 r·min~(-1). Under such conditions, the prepared liposomes had blue emulsion light, good fluidity, half translucent, with particle size of(102.6±0.35) nm, Zeta potential of(-17.8±0.306) mV, permeability of(1.67±1.01)%, and stable property if liposome was stored at 4 ℃. 24 h after percutaneous administration, the cumulative osmotic capacity per unit time was(30.485 2±1.238 9),(34.794 8±0.928 3),(26.677 1±1.171 7),(3.066 2±0.175 3) μg·cm~(-2)respectively for methyleugenol, elemin, β-asarone and α-asarone. In vitro transdermal behaviors of methyleugenol, elemin, β-asarone and α-asarone in liposomes were all consistent with Higuchi equation. The prepared volatile oil liposomes met the relevant quality requirements, providing a reference for further research on preparation of multi-component Chinese medicine essential oil liposomes.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Liposomes , Oils, Volatile , Particle Size , Solubility
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773681

ABSTRACT

To further investigate the metabolism of Tripterygium wilfordii and Paeonia lactiflora micro-emulsion gel in vivo,an LCMS/MS method was established for the determination of triptolide and paeoniflorin in T. wilfordii and P. lactiflora micro-emulsion gel.The extracorporeal recovery rate of blood probe was measured by concentration difference methods( incremental method and decremental method). Meanwhile,the skin and blood micro-dialysis methods of tripterine and paeoniflorin were established,and the pharmacokinetics of T. wilfordii microemulsion gel in skin and blood was studied by micro-dialysis combined with LC-MS/MS quantitative analysis. The results showed that the established method for the determination of triptolide and paeoniflorin in T. wilfordii microemulsion gel was well linear within the required range,and the specificity,recovery rate and degree of precision of the chromatography all conformed to the research requirements of micro-dialysis samples. The stability of freeze-thawing and the residual effect all conformed to the criteria of biological sample methodology. The probe recovery rates measured by incremental method and decremental method were almost consistent with the extracorporeal recovery rate test. The recovery rates of paeoniflorin in skin and blood micro-dialysis were( 30. 60±1. 09) % and( 28. 01± 1. 75) %,respectively. And the recovery rates of skin and blood micro-dialysis were( 26. 79 ± 2. 78) % and( 25. 39±1. 86) %,respectively. The intraday recovery rate of probes was stable within 11 h. The results of pharmacokinetic study showed that the Cmaxvalues of triptolide in skin and blood were( 148. 03±41. 51) and( 76. 77±15. 27) μg·L-1,respectively. And the Tmaxvalues were( 2. 33±0. 29) and( 3. 00± 0) h,respectively. The AUC0-11 hvalues were( 2 814. 05± 1 070. 37) and( 1 580. 63±208. 27) μg·h·L-1,respectively. The MRT0-11 hvalues were( 4. 20± 0. 33) and( 4. 54± 0. 34) h,respectively. The T1/2 values were( 4. 61±4. 11) and( 1. 07± 0. 13) h,respectively. The Cmaxvalues of paeoniflorin in skin and blood were( 991. 88 ± 152. 22) and( 407. 02±120. 06) μg·L-1,respectively. The Tmaxvalues were( 2. 00±0) h and( 2. 83±0. 29) h,respectively. The AUC0-11 hvalues were( 18 430. 27±3 289. 35) and( 6 338. 59 ± 1 659. 32) μg·h·L-1,respectively. The MRT0-11 hvalues were( 4. 29 ± 0. 16) and( 4. 00±0. 05) h,respectively. The T1/2 values were( 2. 16±0. 43) and( 1. 78±0. 48) h,respectively. The results suggested that micro-emulsion gel played a role in forming skin reservoir through percutaneous penetration. It not only could improve drug transdermal efficiency,but also control the sustained release of drug and form a long-term effect.


Subject(s)
Blood , Metabolism , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Emulsions , Gels , Humans , Paeonia , Chemistry , Skin , Metabolism , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tripterygium , Chemistry
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773680

ABSTRACT

To detect the concentration of triptolide in skin and joint after percutaneous administration,an HPLC-MS/MS method and skin and joint micro-dialysis( MD) method of triptolide were established in this study. The separation was achieved on triple quadrupole( AB QTRAP4500) and phenomenex-C18( 4. 6 mm×150 mm,5 μm,luna) column with acetonitrile-water with 0. 1% formic acid( 65 ∶35) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0. 7 m L·min-1. An electrospray ionization( ESI) source was applied and operated in the positive multiple reaction monitoring( MRM) mode. The fragment ion for triptolide was m/z 361. 1→145. 0. The effects of different perfusion [Ringer's,PBS( p H 7. 4),30% ethanol saline]drug concentrations and flow rates on the recovery rate,as well as the relationship between the recovery rate and the loss rate were determined by incremental( dialysis) and reduction( retrodialysis) methods.The reduction method was applied in the in vivo study to investigate and determine the stability of the probe recovery rate in 10 h. The results of HPLC-MS/MS detection method conformed to the requirements of biological samples. The perfusion fluid was 30% ethanol saline. The recovery rate of skin and joint probes in vitro of triptolide increased within the flow rate of 0. 5-2. 5 μL·min-1. In order to increase the timeliness of data and the accuracy,the flow rate was determined to be 1 μL·min-1,and the sample interval was determined to be 0. 5 h. The recovery rate of triptolide in skin and joint probes in vitro and the loss rate were stable and equal despite of change of triptolide concentration within 10-200 μg·L-1. This indicated that the effect of drug concentration on the MD probe recovery rate was small,and the recovery rate could be replaced by the loss rate. The loss rate in vivo using MD method was measured at 10 h,indicating that the transfer rate of triptolide was stable within 10 h. The established method of triptolide in MD and HPLC-MS/MS can be applied to investigate the kinetic in skin and joint after percutaneous administration of triptolide.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Diterpenes , Pharmacokinetics , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Joints , Metabolism , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacokinetics , Reproducibility of Results , Skin , Metabolism , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 297-304, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810562

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic value of the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) and global registry of acute coronary events (GRACE) risk scores for in-hospital mortality in Chinese non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients.@*Methods@#Data of present study derived from the prospective, multi-center registry trial of Chinese AMI (CAMI). Among 31 provinces, municipalities or autonomous districts in China, at least one tertiary and secondary hospital was selected. From January 2013 to September 2014, 5 896 consecutive non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients who were admitted to 107 hospitals within 7 days of symptom onset were enrolled. For each patient, TIMI and GRACE risk scores were calculated using specific variables collected at admission. Their prognostic value was evaluated by the endpoint of in-hospital mortality.@*Results@#Among 5 896 NSTEMI patients (age was (65.4±12.1) years old), 68.2% (n=4 020) were males. The in-hospital mortality was 6.0% (n=353) and the median length of hospital stay was 10.0 (7.0, 13.0) days. The incidence of pre-hospital cardiac arrest was 3.6% (n=213) among 5 896 NSTEMI patients. Six hundreds and forty five patients (10.9%) received primary percutaneous coronary intervention, and 6 patients underwent emergent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (0.1%), and the median time of reperfusion was 529.5 (256.0, 1 065.0) minutes. The prescription percentage of statins, β-blocker, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin Ⅱ receptor blockers, and aldosterone antagonists were 94.8% (n=5 587), 71.7% (n=4 228), 65.5% (n=3 864) and 26.0% (n=1 533) respectively. The area under the curve of GRACE risk score for in-hospital mortality (0.7930 (95%CI 0.767-0.818)) was better than that of TIMI risk score (0.5588 (95%CI 0.532-0.586), P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#GRACE risk score demonstrates better predictive accuracy than TIMI risk score for in-hospital mortality in NSTEMI patients in this patient cohort.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797794

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the diagnostic efficiency and accuracy of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) on vascular involvement of pancreatic cancer.@*Methods@#Patients, suspected pancreatic cancer with vascular involvement by CT scan in Huashan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2014 to March 2019, were enrolled prospectively in the study. EUS was performed to evaluate the vascular involvement compared with surgical pathological results.@*Results@#A total of 132 patients with pancreatic cancer were enrolled in the study, and they all underwent EUS observation and radical resection with vessels resection. There were 103 cases of cancer in pancreatic head, 19 cancers in pancreatic neck and 10 cancers in distal pancreas. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of EUS was 97.4% (113/116), 81.2% (13/16), and 95.5% (126/132), respectively for pancreatic cancers with vein involvement; while was 33.3% (2/6), 90.0% (81/90), and 86.5% (83/96), respectively, for pancreatic cancers with superior mesentery artery involvement.@*Conclusion@#EUS may play a key role in diagnosis of vascular involvement of pancreatic cancer, and be helpful for the surgical decision marking.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792057

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic efficiency and accuracy of endoscopic ultrasonography ( EUS ) on vascular involvement of pancreatic cancer. Methods Patients, suspected pancreatic cancer with vascular involvement by CT scan in Huashan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2014 to March 2019, were enrolled prospectively in the study. EUS was performed to evaluate the vascular involvement compared with surgical pathological results. Results A total of 132 patients with pancreatic cancer were enrolled in the study, and they all underwent EUS observation and radical resection with vessels resection. There were 103 cases of cancer in pancreatic head, 19 cancers in pancreatic neck and 10 cancers in distal pancreas. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of EUS was 97. 4% ( 113/116 ) , 81. 2% (13/16), and 95.5% (126/132), respectively for pancreatic cancers with vein involvement;while was 33.3% ( 2/6 ) , 90. 0% ( 81/90 ) , and 86. 5% ( 83/96 ) , respectively, for pancreatic cancers with superior mesentery artery involvement. Conclusion EUS may play a key role in diagnosis of vascular involvement of pancreatic cancer, and be helpful for the surgical decision marking.

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