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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1527-1531, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997221

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current situation of suicidal ideation among middle school students in Taiyuan City and its correlation with exposure to social ecological risk factors, so as to provide a reference basis for exploring the causes of suicidal ideation among middle and high school students and formulating effective preventive measures.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted among 2 639 middle school students in urban and rural areas of Taiyuan City by multistage stratified random cluster sampling, including general demography characteristics, social ecological risk factors and suicidal ideation. SPSS 26.0 software was used for Chi squared test and binary Logistic regression analysis.@*Results@#The overall detection rate of suicidal ideation was 24.7 %. There were statistically significant differences in the detection rate of suicidal ideation among middle school students in different gender, grade, family residence, maternal education level, perceived family economic conditions, number of close friends, self-perceived academic burden ( χ 2=38.17, 13.44, 10.77, 8.15, 19.76, 18.95, 59.75, P <0.05). After adjusting the general demography characteristics, the binary Logistic regression showed that moderate and high risk in the individual, family and cultural dimension, and high risk in the school dimension of the social ecology were all positively correlated with suicidal ideation among middle school students ( OR=1.38, 2.28, 1.97, 3.28, 1.48, 2.15, 1.71, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The suicidal ideation among middle school students is related to individuals, families, and schools in the social ecological microsystem, as well as the cultural environment in the macro system. It is necessary to conduct intervention in suicidal ideation at the individual, family, and school levels, meanwhile, strengthening social and cultural construction to reduce the impact of adverse factors on the mental health among adolescents.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 281-287, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct and validate a theoretical model of residents′ willingness to participate in tiered medical care based on harmonious management theory, providing reference for promoting the tiered medical care system and aiding governmental decision-making.Methods:Based on the harmonious management theory and literature review, a model capturing residents′ propensity to engage in tiered medical care was formulated. Using convenience sampling method, a questionnaire survey was conducted on 2 067 residents from 24 communities in Zhejiang province from April to May 2022. Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted on the survey results, and multilevel linear regression and structural equation modeling were used to analyze the driving mechanism of residents′ willingness to participate in tiered medical care.Results:The willingness rate of residents to participate in tiered medical care was 69.7%, which was at an average level. Regression insights highlighted the positive influence of policy support perception ( β=0.170, P<0.01), awareness of management mechanisms ( β=0.093, P<0.01), cognitive attitudes ( β=0.102, P<0.01), and trust levels ( β=0.244, P<0.01) on residents′ participation willingness. In contrast, resource allocation perceptions lacked a significant effect ( β=0.065, P>0.05). The structural equation model revealed that cognitive attitudes played a mediating role in the " policy system perception → participation willingness" and " management mechanism perception → participation willingness" pathways, with effect sizes of 0.030 and 0.039, respectively. Trust levels also mediated these paths, with effect sizes of 0.039 and 0.045, and entirely mediated the " resource allocation perception → participation willingness" path, registering an effect size of 0.053. Conclusions:The harmonious management theory can be used to explain the formation mechanism of residents′ willingness to participate in tiered medical care. The government and medical institutions urgently need to further improve residents′ awareness of tiered medical care, focus on enhancing residents′ trust, and further improve policies and management measures such as financial investment, medical insurance reimbursement, and referral systems.

3.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 826-836, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007856

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the long-term prognosis of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with different reperfusion strategies in Chinese county-level hospitals.@*METHODS@#A total of 2,514 patients with STEMI from 32 hospitals participated in the China Acute Myocardial Infarction registry between January 2013 and September 2014. The success of fibrinolysis was assessed according to indirect measures of vascular recanalization. The primary outcome was 2-year mortality.@*RESULTS@#Reperfusion therapy was used in 1,080 patients (42.9%): fibrinolysis ( n= 664, 61.5%) and primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) ( n= 416, 38.5%). The most common reason for missing reperfusion therapy was a prehospital delay > 12 h (43%). Fibrinolysis [14.5%, hazard ratio ( HR): 0.59, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 0.44-0.80] and primary PCI (6.8%, HR= 0.32, 95% CI: 0.22-0.48) were associated with lower 2-year mortality than those with no reperfusion (28.5%). Among fibrinolysis-treated patients, 510 (76.8%) achieved successful clinical reperfusion; only 17.0% of those with failed fibrinolysis underwent rescue PCI. There was no difference in 2-year mortality between successful fibrinolysis and primary PCI (8.8% vs. 6.8%, HR = 1.53, 95% CI: 0.85-2.73). Failed fibrinolysis predicted a similar mortality (33.1%) to no reperfusion (33.1% vs. 28.5%, HR= 1.30, 95% CI: 0.93-1.81).@*CONCLUSION@#In Chinese county-level hospitals, only approximately 2/5 of patients with STEMI underwent reperfusion therapy, largely due to prehospital delay. Approximately 30% of patients with failed fibrinolysis and no reperfusion therapy did not survive at 2 years. Quality improvement initiativesare warranted, especially in public health education and fast referral for mechanical revascularization in cases of failed fibrinolysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , East Asian People , Treatment Outcome , Myocardial Reperfusion , Myocardial Infarction , Registries , Hospitals
4.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 814-825, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007855

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of the B7-H4 gene rs10754339 and miR-125a gene rs12976445 on cancer susceptibility through a case-control study and meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#A total of 1,490 cancer patients (lung/gastric/liver/: 550/460/480) and 800 controls were recruited in this case-control study. The meta-analysis was performed by pooling the data from previous related studies and the present study.@*RESULTS@#The results of this study showed that in the Hubei Han Chinese population, the rs10754339 gene was significantly associated with the risk of lung and gastric cancer but not liver cancer, and the rs12976445 gene was significantly associated with the risk of lung cancer but not liver or gastric cancer. The meta-analysis results indicated that rs10754339 and rs12976445 contributed to cancer susceptibility in the Chinese population and also revealed a significant association between rs10754339 and breast cancer risk, as well as between rs12976445 and lung cancer risk.@*CONCLUSION@#The B7-H4 gene rs10754339 and miR-125a gene rs12976445 may be the potential genetic markers for cancer susceptibility in the Chinese population, which should be validated in future studies with larger sample sizes in other ethnic populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Risk
5.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 408-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005722

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) technology, NIBS has shown good therapeutic prospect for mental disorders and neurological diseases in clinical research, and the medical ethical issues related to NIBS have received increasingly attention. This paper analyzed the medical ethical issues of informed consent, safety, and privacy protection faced in the clinical application of NIBS technology by combining the technical characteristics of NIBS, and proposed targeted response strategies, with a view to promoting the healthy development of NIBS technology based on the full protection of patients’ rights.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1034-1037, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984520

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine mental health problems among adolescents in Taiyuan City and its relationship to chronotype, so as to give a scientific basis for supporting mental health of middle school students.@*Methods@#From October to November 2021, a total of 2 621 pupils were enrolled from three junior high schools and two senior high schools in Taiyuan by using a multi stage stratified cluster random sampling method to investigate demographic characteristics, mental health status, and chronotype. Chi squared test, Spearman correlation analysis and Logistic regression were used to analyze the relationship between sleep patterns and mental health problems in middle school students.@*Results@#The proportion of morning, intermediate and evening types of middle school students sleep were 17.9%, 65.6%, and 16.4%, respectively. The overall detection rate of mental health problems was 13.8 %, which was statistically significant among middle school students in different grades, self perceived family economic status, the number of friends and sleep patterns ( χ 2=42.69, 29.15, 46.02, 93.99, P <0.05). After adjusting for grade, self perceived family economic status and the number of friends, Logistic regression analysis revealed that mental health problems were positively associated with evening type ( OR =2.84) and negatively associated with morning type ( OR =0.61)( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Chronotype is associated with mental health problems among middle school students, with a higher risk for evening type and a lower risk for morning type. Mental health of middle school students can be enhanced by changing their chronotype.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1664-1672, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970638

ABSTRACT

In this study, the Web of Science and China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI) were searched comprehensively for the literature about the research on Polygalae Radix. After manual screening, 1 207 Chinese articles and 263 English articles were included in this study. Excel was used to draw the line chart of the annual number of relevant publications. CiteSpace 6.1.R3 was used for the visual analysis of author cooperation, publishing institutions, keyword co-occurrence, keyword clustering, and bursts in the research on Polygalae Radix. The results showed that the number of articles published in Chinese and English increased linearly, which indicated the rising research popularity of Polygalae Radix. WANG J and LIU X were the authors publishing the most articles in Chinese and English, respectively. Shanxi University of Chinese Medicine and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were the research institutions with the largest number of Chinese and English publications in this field, respectively. The institutions publishing the relevant articles in English formed a system with the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences as the core. According to the keywords, the research hotspots of Polygalae Radix included variety selection and breeding, quality standard, extraction and identification of active chemical components, prescription compatibility, processing, clinical medication rules, and pharmacological mechanism. The research frontiers were the molecular mechanisms of Polygalae Radix and its active components in exerting the protective effect on brain nerve, regulating receptor pathways, alleviating anxiety and Alzheimer's disease, as well as data mining and clinical medication summary. This study has reference significance for the topic selection and frontier identification of the future research on Polygalae Radix.


Subject(s)
Plant Breeding , China , Plant Roots/chemistry , Brain , Publications
8.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 443-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979707

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To understand the difference of DNA sequence and RNA sequence of paired pol region in HIV patients in constructing HIV genetic transmission network, and to provide scientific data for constructing molecular transmission networks using DNA sequences. Methods The whole blood and plasma samples of HIV patients living in 2014 and newly reported in 2015-2018 in Liuzhou, Guangxi, were collected, DNA and RNA sequences were extracted, amplified, sequenced, spliced and aligned, and then genetic transmission networks were constructed, and the connectivity consistency of genetic transmission networks constructed by DNA and RNA sequences was compared. Results In this study, a total 2 983 participants were investigated, which were 2014 baseline and 2015-2018 newly reported HIV patients, of which 2 590 participants were only DNA sequences in 2014 baseline, 196 HIV patients were both DNA and RNA sequences of paired pol region in 2014 baseline, and 197 newly reported HIV patients were both DNA and RNA sequences of paired pol region in 2015-2018. In 393 DNA and RNA sequences of paired pol region, the genotype of DNA sequence and RNA sequence were consistent, and there was no statistically significant difference in genetic distance between paired DNA sequences and RNA sequences (Z=-2.72, P=1.00). The connection consistency rate of genetic transmission networks constructed by DNA and RNA sequences of paired pol region of 2015-2018 newly reported with the baseline DNA sequences was 91.4% (108/197). And the connection consistency rate of genetic transmission networks constructed by DNA and RNA sequences of paired pol region of 2015-2018 newly reported with the baseline RNA sequences was 97.0% (191/197). There was no statistical difference in antiretroviral therapy to reduce the risk of HIV secondary transmission between genetic transmission networks constructed by DNA and RNA sequences of paired of pol gene newly reported from 2015 to 2018 with baseline DNA sequence. Conclusion DNA sequence and RNA sequence of paired pol region of HIV patients have good consistency in genotype, genetic distance, and genetic transmission network construction, and both DNA and RNA sequences can be used for genetic transmission network analysis.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 767-775, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014101

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism of action of the active ingredients of Callerya nitida var.hirsutissima corresponding to the target gene in the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer(TNBC), using network pharmacology, molecular docking technology and in vitro experimental verification.Methods Based on literature research and combined with database screening, the main active components of Callerya nitida var.hirsutissima and the related targets of TNBC were obtained.Intersection genes were found to construct a protein interaction(PPI)network diagram, and core targets were screened according to the size of the correlation.A core target interaction network model of "Traditional Chinese Medicine-Ingredients-Targets-Disease" was constructed.The intersection targets were analyzed for gene GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis.Finally, molecular docking and in vitro experimental verification of the selected components and the target were carried out.Results A total of 38 active components of Callerya nitida var.hirsutissima were collected, as well as 388 related potential targets, 3 919 TNBC targets, and 277 Callerya nitida var.hirsutissima therapeutic targets for TNBC.It mainly acted on multiple targets such as PIK3R1, PIK3CA, MAPK1, AKT1, SRC, etc.In in vitro experiments, it could be seen that the chloroform fraction of Callerya nitida var.hirsutissima and the monomer compounds luteolin and betulin had certain inhibitory effects on cell proliferation.All groups could inhibit the expression of VEGFA, AKT, PIK3CA, CDK1, CDK4 within the range of administration concentration.Conclusions Based on network pharmacology and molecular docking methods, this study explores the possible targets and signaling pathways of Callerya nitida var.hirsutissima in the treatment of TNBC, and conducts in vitro verification experiments to further verify the prediction of network pharmacology.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 32-36, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935346

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of HIV-infected adolescents outside school in China and provide reference to targeted prevention and control of HIV infection in this population. Methods: All the HIV-infected adolescents aged 15-17 years outside school reported during 2011-2019 were included this study. The information about their demographics, transmission routes and migration were collected from HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System. The χ2 test was done for comparison among groups. The Joinpoint 4.9.0 software was applied to the annual percent change (APC) for time trends analysis using the Joinpoint regression model. The Excel 2019 and SPSS 22.0 software were used for data cleaning and statistical analysis. Results: A total of 4 919 HIV-infected adolescents aged 15-17 years outside school were reported accumulatively in China between 2011 and 2019, accounting for 63.4% (4 919/7 757) of total reported HIV-infected cases in this age group. Analysis on trend revealed that the new HIV infection diagnosis rate has become stable since 2016 (APC=2.5%, P=0.173) after the increase between 2011 and 2015 (APC=36.4%, P<0.001). The migration across provinces was discovered in 13.9% (684/4 919) of the HIV-infected adolescents outside school. Males, workers, and those diagnosed in detention centers or transmitted by injecting drugs or homosexual contacts accounted for a larger proportion in migrated cases compared with non-migrated cases. The adolescents outside school mainly got HIV infected by sexual contacts route, in which 66.5% (280/421) of the males were infected by homosexual contacts, while 97.8% (182/186) of the females were infected by heterosexual contacts in 2019. Conclusions: HIV-infected adolescents aged 15-17 years outside school were mainly infected by sexual contacts. However, adolescents outside school have low awareness of sexual health and high mobility, to whom close attention should be paid to improve their awareness of sexual health and to provide them with appropriate HIV infection prevention and treatment service.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Male , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , China/epidemiology , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Schools , Sexual Behavior
11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 234-236, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933203

ABSTRACT

Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is one of the common diseases in uroloandrology, which recurs easily after treatment. In recent years, the safety and efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) for CP/CPPS has been widely demonstrated. Studies have shown satisfactory short-term (≤12 weeks) outcomes of ESWT, but lack long-term (>12 weeks) follow-up data. In addition, inconsistent indications and unexplained therapeutic mechanisms have limited the further clinical promotion of ESWT. This article summarizes the latest progress and potential mechanism of ESWT in the treatment of CP/CPPS in order to provide new insights for the standardized application of ESWT.

12.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(7): e360705, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339000

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the effect of ferulic acid (FA) on spinal cord injury (SCI)-induced motor dysfunction and to explore the possible pharmacological mechanisms. Methods Adult male Wistar rats were used in our study. SCI was achieved by clipping the spinal cord T9 of the rat by a vascular clip for 2 minutes. The motor function of the rat was evaluated by Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scoring method (BBB) and inclined plane test. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, NISSL staining, and transmission electron microscopic examination were used to evaluate alterations at the histological level. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Western blots, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) were employed in biochemical analysis. Results The BBB score and inclined plane test score significantly decreased after SCI surgery, whereas chronic FA treatment (dose of 90 mg/kg, i.g.) for 28 days improved SCI-induced motor dysfunction. HE staining showed that SCI surgery induced internal spinal cord edema, but the structural changes of the spinal cord could be reversed by FA treatment. NISSL staining and transmission electron microscopic examination confirmed the improvement of the effect of FA on the injury site. In the biochemical analysis, it could be found that FA inhibitedSCI-induced mRNA and protein overexpression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α), as well as iNOS and COX-2 via the modulation of NF-κB level in the spinal cord of SCI rat. Moreover, the SCI-induced decrease of Bcl-2/Bax ratio was also reversed by FA treatment. However, the effect of FA on the expression of Beclin-1 was not statistically significant. Conclusions FA showed a therapeutic effect on SCI, which may be associated with the regulation of neuroinflammation and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries/drug therapy , Spinal Cord , Rats, Wistar , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Apoptosis , Coumaric Acids , Recovery of Function
13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 198-208, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906162

ABSTRACT

The Leguminosae perennial vines of Callerya and Millettia have many species and wide distribution, not only can be used for medicines, but also they have ornamental and insecticidal effects. With increasing demand for Spatholobi Caulis, and the reserves of wild medicinal materials are on the verge of exhaustion, resulting in the increasing number of mixtures and substitutes in the market, which makes it urgent to study the origin of Spatholobi Caulis. By referring to related literature, there are three major origins of Spatholobi Caulis, including Callerya, Millettia and Spatholobus. Callerya is separated from Millettia, they are divided and united for many times, now the official website of Flora of China has accepted the revision of them as two genera. This paper intends to compare the chemical components and pharmacodynamic effects of Callerya and Millettia, aiming to explore the similarities and differences between the two genera, so as to determine the rationality and necessity of separating Callerya from Millettia. After comparing, it was found that the chemical composition and pharmacodynamic effects of the two genera were different, which supported the separation of Callerya from Millettia, and it was not recommended to mix use of them.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 837-844, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878947

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the molecular mechanism of Spatholobi Caulis in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) was studied through network pharmacology and molecular docking analysis. With traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) Spatholobi Caulis as the study object, active ingredients of Spatholobi Caulis and corresponding potential drug targets were obtained from Traditio-nal Chinese Medicine Pharmacology Platform(TCMSP) database; GeneCards database was used to collect cancer-related genes; Cytoscape software was used to build Spatholobi Caulis active ingredient-target-pathway relationship network. DAVID database was used for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis of targets, KEGG signaling pathway was visualized, and compounds were screened out for molecular docking. Finally, in vitro experiments on human lung cancer cells, A549 treated with luteolin and licochalcone A were used to preliminarily verify the core targets and pathways, cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 method, and expressions of caspase-3 and Bax protein were detected by Western blot. A total of 23 active components and 170 potential drug targets were selected from Spatholobi Caulis, involving 127 pathways in total. Molecular docking results showed that licochalcone A,(Z)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-N-[2-(4-hydroxy-phenyl) ethyl] acrylamide, consumeclose grain successfully docked with the key target EGFR, and binding energy of the three compounds was less than-5 kcal·mol~(-1). CCK-8 results showed that luteolin, licochalcone A, and Spatholobi Caulis extract had the inhibitory effect on human lung cancer A549 cells. Western blot showed that luteolin, licochalcone A and Spatholobi Caulis extract could induce cell apoptosis by increasing the expressions of pro-apoptotic factors caspase-3 and Bax. In this study, the anti-lung cancer effect of Spatholobi Caulis was studied through network pharmacology and molecular docking, in order to provide ideas for the molecular mechanism of Spatholobi Caulis in the treatment of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
15.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 549-557, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882192

ABSTRACT

@# [Abstract] Chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells (CAR-T cells) refers to the products after transferring genetic material with specific antigen recognition domain and T cell activation signal domains into T cells by gene modification technology, thus rendering the modified T cells activated by binding directly to specific antigens on the surface of tumor cells in the CAR-T cell therapy. In recent years, CAR-T cells have achieved remarkable results in the treatment of hematological diseases, bringing new hope to patients with hematological tumors. CAR-T cell therapy has become one of the most promising tumor immunotherapies, and CAR-T cells have become a hot spot for research and development by major companies. However, due to the side effects such as cytokine storm and poor treatment effect on solid tumors, the clinical application of CAR-T cells still faces challenges. In addition to traditional T cells, other immune cells are being explored for the application of CAR, for example, modifying immune cells such as NK cells, γδT cells, NKT cells, and macrophages to improve the effectiveness of these immune cells in killing tumors, and simultaneously reduce the adverse reactions caused by CAR-T cell immunotherapy. This review compares the advantages and disadvantages of different CAR-modified immune cells in tumor therapy and provides new ideas and enlightenments for the clinical development and application of CAR-modified immune cells in tumor immunotherapy.

16.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Sep; 16(5): 1129-1133
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213767

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between infrared thermal imaging-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-pathology of microwave ablation (MWA) of lesions in rabbit lung tumors. Materials and Methods: MR-guided MWA was performed in nine VX2 tumor-bearing rabbits. Infrared thermal imaging, postoperative MRI, and pathological presentation were obtained and analyzed. The differences between the infrared thermal imaging-MRI-pathology of MWA were compared. Results: The center of the ablated lesion exhibited a high signal on T1-Vibe, and an isointense envelope was observed; the center of the ablated lesion exhibited a low signal on fat-suppressed turbo spin-echo T2-weighted imaging (TSE-T2WI-FS) and bands of high signal surrounding it compared with before MWA. No statistically significant difference existed between the maximum diameter of the central low-signal area of the ablation zone on TSE-T2WI-FS after MWA, the high-signal area of the ablation zone on T1-Vibe after MWA, and the maximum diameter of the pathological coagulation necrosis area, as well as between the maximum diameter of the isointense signal area peripheral to the ablation zone on T1-Vibe after MWA, the high-signal area peripheral to the ablation zone on TSE-T2WI-FS, the maximum diameter at the 41°C isothermal zone on infrared thermal imaging, and the maximum diameter of the pathological thermal injury zone. Conclusions: MWA of malignant lung tumors had specific MRI characteristics that were comparable with postoperative pathology. Infrared thermal imaging combined with MRI can be used to evaluate the extent of thermal damage to lung VX2 tumors

17.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 May; 16(2): 258-262
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213809

ABSTRACT

Aims: The goal of this study was to analyze the puncture routes of imaging-guided thermal ablation for tumors of the hepatic caudate lobe. Materials and Methods: The imaging-guided thermal ablation puncture routes of 12 cases of hepatic caudate lobe tumors were collected in our hospital from January 2013 to February 2019. The puncture routes were retrospectively analyzed, and the experience of thermal ablation therapy for hepatic caudate lobe tumors was summarized. Results: Among the 12 cases of hepatic caudate lobe tumors, puncture routes were divided into the anterior (through the left lobe of the liver) approach (six cases), the right hepatic approach (five cases), and the transthoracic approach (one case). Different ablation electrodes were selected according to the puncture route and method of guiding. No serious postoperative complications were noted. Conclusion: The hepatic caudate lobe is surrounded by the inferior vena cava, hepatic vein, and hepatic hilum, leading to great difficulties and risks in performing minimally invasive treatment of hepatic caudate lobe malignancies. Therefore, selecting an appropriate puncture route is an important factor in the success of the treatment

18.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Jan; 15(6): 1611-1616
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213579

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the technical procedure, safety, and clinical value of the transosseous approach for computed tomography (CT)-guided radioactive 125-iodine (125I) seed implantation for the treatment of thoracic and abdominal lymph node metastases. Subjects and Methods: This was a retrospective study that Nine lymph node metastases in nine patients were treated in our hospital between January 2010 and August 2018. Under CT guidance, at least one puncture path was made through the transosseous approach. The seeds were planted according to the TPS. CT/MRI scans were performed every 2 months after the treatment to evaluate local therapeutic efficacy according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Results: The transosseous approach was successfully established in all patients. The median follow-up time was 11 months (6–36 months). At 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 months after operation, the objective effective rate and clinical benefit rate were 66.67%, 77.78%, 77.78%, 71.43%, 66.67% and 50.00%; and 88.89%, 88.89%, 88.89%, 71.43%, 66.67% and 50.00%, respectively. The survival rate of the patients at 6, 12, 18, 24, 30 and 36 months after operation was 53.00%, 26.00%, 26.00%, 13.00%, 13.00% and 13.00%, respectively. Conclusions: The transosseous approach for CT-guided radioactive 125I seed implantation was safe, effective, and minimally invasive for the treatment of thoracic and abdominal lymph node metastases

19.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 559-562, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822807

ABSTRACT

Objeetive@#To understand the recurrence of tuberculosis patients in Yunnan Province and its influencing factors,so as to provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of tuberculosis.@*Methods@#Through the tuberculosis management information system, the data of successful treatment of tuberculosis cases in Yunnan Province in 2013 and the data of recurrent tuberculosis cases in Yunnan Province in 2014-2018 were collected. The recurrence rate,recurrence proportion and recurrence time of tuberculosis were analyzed, and the influencing factors of tuberculosis recurrence were analyzed by Cox multi factor proportional risk model. @*Results @#A total of 9787 cases of tuberculosis were investigated. 385 cases recurred in 5 years, accounting for 3.94%. The recurrence rate was 0.73/100 person years. The recurrence interval [M (QR)] was 35.12 (28.57) months. The following are the risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis recurrence:male(HR=1.297,95%CI:1.031~1.631),secondary tuberculosis(HR=2.000,95%CI:1.088~3.676) in the 40-59 age group(HR=1.618,95%CI:1.036-2.528), the retreatment(HR=1.566,95%CI:1.040-2.356),positive of sputum culture(HR=4.048,95%CI:1.795-9.129)and sputum?smear positive(HR=1.569,95%CI:1.266-1.945), cavitary pulmonary tuberculosis( HR=1.382,95%CI:1.112-1.716).@*Conclusion@#The recurrence rate of tuberculosis is low in Yunnnan province, and the risk of pulmonary tuberculosis recurrence is high in male, in the 40-59 age group,retreatment,positive of sputum culture only and sputum smear positive,patients with cavitary tuberculosis.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1299-1302, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829112

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between classroom lighting and poor vision of primary and middle school students of poor vision with classroom natural light selecting and artificial lighting, so as to provide reference and basis for the prevention and control of eyesight of primary and middle school students.@*Methods@#A total of 1 734 students from 45 classrooms in 7 primary and secondary schools (2 in primary school, 2 in junior high school, and 1 in vocational school) in Baiyun District, Guangzhou were selected by stratified cluster sampling method for research. The classroom lighting environment was monitored by the illuminometer, the naked eye vision of students was detected by 5 m standard logarithmic vision light box, and the basic information and myopia-related behaviors of students were investigated by questionnaire. And the correlation between poor vision of primary and middle school students and classroom lighting was analyzed.@*Results@#The poor vision rate of primary and middle school students in Baiyun District of Guangzhou was 74.2%(1 286), the girls’ rate(79.7%) was higher than boys’(69.4%), the rate of senior high school students(63.4%) was higher than that of middle school students(81.1%), the rate of vocational school students(82.8%) was higher that of primary school students(60.2%), the rate of resident students(78.5%) was higher than that of non-resident students(69.6%). The results of multivariate analysis after controlling for confangulation factors showed that average illumination on the blackboard, and uneven illumination on the desk were associated with higher risk of poor vision[OR(OR95%CI)=1.51(1.01-2.25), 1.42(1.02-1.98),P<0.05)].@*Conclusion@#Poor eyesight of primary and middle school students in Baiyun District of Guangzhou city is serious, especially that of female students, senior high school students and resident students. There is a significant correlation between classroom lighting and poor vision in primary and middle school students. The blackboard and desk lighting are associated with higher risk of poor vision in primary and middle school students.

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