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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 401-406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932258


Objective:To investigate the effect of conventional treatment plus long-term transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on consciousness recovery in patients with minimally conscious state (MCS) after traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 60 patients with MCS after TBI admitted to Zhejiang Armed Police Corps Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020, including 38 males and 22 females, aged 19-60 years [(45.7±11.4)years]. Course of disease was 3-6 months [(4.6±0.9)months]. Of all, 30 patients received internal medicine, hyperbaric oxygen, rehabilitation and other conventional treatment (conventional treatment group), and 30 patients received tDCS stimulation on the basis of conventional treatment (tDCS treatment group). The tDCS stimulation contained 4 cycles for 28 days with each cycle lasting for 7 days (stimulation for 5 days, rest for 2 days). Coma recovery scale-revised (CRS-R) total score, brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) score and clinical effictive rate (significantly effective+effective) were compared between the two groups before treatment, during 4 cycles of treatment and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment. Complications induced by tDCS were also evaluated.Results:There was no significant difference in CRS-R total score and BAEP score between the two groups before treatment (all P>0.05). CRS-R total score and BAEP score in tDCS treatment group were significantly higher than those in conventional treatment group during 4 cycles of treatment and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment (all P<0.05). CRS-R total score and BAEP score in both groups gradually increased during 4 cycles of treatment and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment (all P<0.05). The clinical effective rate in tDCS treatment group was 73% (22/30) when compared to 57% (17/30) in conventional treatment group ( P<0.05). In tDCS treatment group, 10 patients had local reversible slight redness at the cathodal position, while no other serious adverse effects, such as local burns, ulceration, exudation or epilepsy. Conclusion:Compared with conventional treatment, conventional treatment plus long-term tDCS can be more effective in improving the state of consciousness without serious adverse effects for MCS patients after TBI.

International Eye Science ; (12): 1191-1194, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929505


AIM: To explore the application value of deep learning technology in automatic meibomian glands segmentation. METHODS:Infrared meibomian gland images were collected and 193 of them were picked out for establishing the database. The images were manually labeled by three clinicians. UNet++ network and automatic data expansion strategy were introduced to construct the automatic meibomian glands segmentation model. The feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed segmentation model were analyzed by precision, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and intersection over union.RESULTS: Taking manual labeling as the gold standard, the presented method segment the glands effectively and steadily with accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 94.31%, 82.15% and 96.13% respectively. On the average, only 0.11s was taken for glands segmentation of single image.CONCLUSIONS: In this paper, deep learning technology is introduced to realize automatic segmentation of meibomian glands, achieving high accuracy, good stability and efficiency. It would be quite useful for calculation of gland morphological parameters, the clinical diagnosis and screening of related diseases, improving the diagnostic efficiency.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479399


BACKGROUND:In recent years, bacterial celulose modified by nano-composite technology has been endowed with new properties. OBJECTIVE:To review the combination of bacterial celulose and nanosilver to prepare wound dressing. METHODS: A computer-online search was performed in PubMed (2013-01/2015-04) and CNKI (2007-01/2015-04) databases to retrieve studies on bacterial celulose, nanosilver and their compound method and application using the key words of “bacterial celulose, nano-silver” in English and Chinese, respectively. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Bacterial celulose/nano-silver compound can be prepared by three methods: solution impregnation, in situ composite and biocomposite. Solution impregnation method can lower the concentration of nanosilver ions in the fiber matrix to highly control the release of silver ions, but the genetic toxicity and biocompatibility are unclear.In situcomposite method can reduce the damage to the mesh structure of celulose on which silver ions can be bonded firmly to reduce the toxic damage to cels, but the reducing agent used has a higher toxicity, which is difficult to remove. Biocomposite method cannot produce toxic substance, which is friendly to the environment, and the synthetic biomaterials have less harm to the human body and can be controled highly.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 535-538, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454230


Objective To evaluate the feasibility and safety of transumbilical laparoendoscopic sin-gle-site dismembered pyeloplasty ( U-LESS-P ) for the treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). Methods Between Mar.2011 and Mar.2012, U-LESS-P was performed in 8 consecutive pa-tients with UPJO by one experienced laparoscopic surgeon .The patients included 5 males and 3 females, with an average age of 28 (16-45) years.Of the 8 patients, six presented with flank pain , and two were a-symptomatic and discovered incidentally by health check .Of the 8 patients, seven had UPJO on the left side and one on the right side .The diagnosis was established by renal ultrasonography , diuretic renal scan , intra-venous urography (IVU) or/and computed tomography urography (CTU).Renal ultrasonography, IVU and ( or) CTU showed hydronephrosis and UPJO in the affected side , while diuretic renal scan demonstrated re-nal function deteriorated .No patients had undergone abdominal surgery previously .A 2-2.5 cm umbilical in-cision was made for single-port access .The procedures were performed using 30°5 mm or 10 mm laparoscope with a combination of conventional and bent laparoscopic instruments . Results All procedures were com-pleted successfully .None was converted to open surgery or traditional laparoscopic surgery .The mean opera-tive time was 153 (117-190) min, and the average estimated blood loss about 20 (10-40) ml.The mean time to resume oral diet was 1.5 days.The drainage remained 2-7 days.The mean hospital stay was 6 (4-8) days.With the follow-up of 3-6 months, symptom-free was investigated in all 8 cases.Ultrasonography , diuretic renal scan and IVU showed decreased or disappeared hydronephrosis .No operative complication , such as anastomotic stoma stenosis , was founded . Conclusions U-LESS-P is a safe and effective proce-dure for the treatment of UPJO , with the advantages of decreased operative morbidity , postoperative rapid re-covery and improved cosmetic result .