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1.
São Paulo med. j ; 142(4): e20230142, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551077

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Scrub typhus, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, has a wide range of clinical manifestations, including meningoencephalitis, acute renal failure, pneumonitis, myocarditis, and septic shock. However, there are no documented cases of scrub typhus with hypokalemia. In this report, we present a case of scrub typhus with hypokalemia and multiple organ failure syndrome, highlighting the importance of electrolyte imbalance in patients with scrub typhus. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain that had been present for 1 day. On admission, the physical examination and laboratory test results indicated that the patient had renal, liver, and circulatory failure, and hypokalemia. She developed meningitis and disseminated intravascular coagulation during hospitalization. She recovered with appropriate management, and was discharged on day 17. CONCLUSION: This report highlights the potential for atypical presentations of scrub typhus, including a previously undocumented association with hypokalemia. Although the contribution of hypokalemia to the patient's clinical course remains uncertain, this case underscores the importance of considering electrolyte imbalance in the management of patients with scrub typhus. Further research is warranted to better understand the relationship between scrub typhus and electrolyte imbalance.

2.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 426-437, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976878

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: To investigate the efficacy and safety of the posterior endoscopic cervical foraminotomy (PECF) using ultrasonic osteotome for the treatment of cervical osseous foraminal stenosis,focusing on introduction of the advantages of ultrasonic osteotome in partial pediculectomy and ventral osteophyte resection in PECF. @*Methods@#: Nineteen patients with cervical osseous foraminal stenosis who underwent PECF using ultrasonic osteotome in our institution between April 2018 and April 2021 were enrolled in this study. All the patients were followed up more than 12 months. The patients’ medical data, as well as pre- and postoperative radiologic findings were thoroughly investigated. The visual analogue score (VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, cervical dysfunction index (Neck disability index, NDI), and modified MacNab criteria were used to assess the surgical efficacy. @*Results@#: All the patients were successfully treated with PECF using ultrasonic osteotome. The pre- and postoperative VAS, NDI, and JOA scores were significantly improved (p<0.05). According to the modified MacNab criteria, 17 patients were assessed as “excellent”, two patients were assessed as “good” at the last follow-up. There was no dura tear, nerve root damage, incision infection, neck deformity, or other complications. @*Conclusion@#: Adequate nerve root decompression can be accomplished successfully with the help of ultrasonic osteotome in PECF, which has the advantage of reducing the probability of damage to the nerve root and dura mater, in addition to the original merits of endoscopic surgery.

3.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 10-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974101

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To predict the potential distribution of talaromycosis marneffei (TSM) and analyze its driving factors, so as to provide evidence for the surveillance and prevention of this disease. Methods The data of all laboratory-confirmed, non-duplicating TSM published in the English and Chinese literature from the first case in January 1964 to December 2018 was collected. A Maxent ecology model using environmental variables, Rhizomys distribution and HIV/AIDS epidemic was developed to forecast ecological niche of TSM worldwide, as well as identify the driving factors. Results A total of 705 articles (477 in Chinese and 228 in English) were obtained during the study period. After excluding imported cases, a total of 100 foci information were included in the model. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) of the model was 0.997 for the training set and 0.991 for the test set. Maxent model revealed that Rhizomys distribution, mean temperature of warmest quarter, precipitation of wettest month, HIV/AIDS epidemic and mean temperature of driest quarter were the top 5 important variables affecting TSM distribution. In addition to identifying traditional TSM endemic areas (South of the Yangtze River in China, Southeast Asian, North and Northeast India), other potential endemic areas were also identified, including parts of the North of the Yangtze River, Central America, West Coast of Africa, East Coast of South America, the Korean Peninsula and Japan. Conclusion Our finding has discovered hidden high-risk areas and provided insights about driving factors of TSM distribution, which will help inform surveillance strategies and improve the effectiveness of public health interventions against TM infections.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1172-1176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973614

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the construction of a new scientific management model for temporary drug purchase,and to provide a reference for hospitals to improve the level of rational drug use. METHODS Guided by clinical diagnosis and treatment needs and patient medication safety, our hospital carried out the whole process management practice of temporarily purchased drugs by optimizing the review process, creating a review team, formulating pre-audit and post follow-up evaluation standards based on comprehensive drug evaluation, and evaluated the practice effect through the number of temporary purchase applications, implementation rate, drug structure optimization and other indicators. RESULTS Since January 2021, our hospital had implemented a new mode of temporary drug purchase management. By December 2022, clinical pharmacists had reviewed 111 temporary drug procurement applications, effectively intercepted 13 irrational drug use applications (11.71%), reduced the overall implementation rate of temporary drug procurement by 8.36%,and proposed five batches of drug structure optimization suggestions; 24 drugs were successively introduced such as camrelizumab,sorafenib,busulfan. After optimizing the management mode,the number of temporary drug procurement applications decreased by more than half from 133 in 2019 and 138 in 2020 to 66 in 2021 and 45 in 2022. CONCLUSIONS The model is helpful to optimize the hospital drug catalog, strengthen rational drug use,ensure the safety of patients’ drug use, and fully reflects the professional value of clinical pharmacists in hospital pharmacy management and rational drug use.

5.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 103-109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973424

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe study utilized human transcriptome microarray to explore biomarkers for diagnosing drug-induced liver injury (DILI) caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs. MethodsA 6-month follow-up study was conducted on 152 patients treated with anti-tuberculosis drugs in designated hospitals in Shanghai. The blood samples were collected at the 0, 2, 4, 8, 12 and 24 weeks after treatment. According to the clinical biochemical indicators, the research subjects were divided into DILI cases (34 cases) and Control cases (118 cases). Single factor analysis was conducted on the influencing factors between the two groups. In a 1∶1 matched DILI-control study, RNA samples of 13 pairs of cases were sequenced by the whole transcript expression mRNA array. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened by Hotelling's T2 value sequencing and the expression trend analysis of genes by STEM (short-time series expression miner), and the functional enrichment and pathway analysis of DEGs were carried out. ResultsIn total 152 clinical cases, weight of patients was a risk factor for the occurrence of hepatotoxicity caused by anti-tuberculous drugs. Based on the analysis results of mRNA array, 513 DEGs were screened by Hotelling's T2 value sequencing method, which were enriched in 32 annotations of GO (Gene Ontology) analysis and 10 pathways of KEGG (Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) analysis. One differential expression pattern was screened by STEM, which was enriched in 2 biological process notes of GO. Among them, the key genes AIM2, CD86, CXCL10 and non-coding RNAs SCARNA10, SNHG10 and SNORD105 are potential biomarkers of DILI caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs. ConclusionIn this research for biomarkers conducted on cases with liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs, biological pathways associated with hepatotoxicity are identified and a series of key genes related with drug-induced liver injury are found, which provides the basis for mechanism study and searching for earlier and more sensitive biomarkers.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 372-389, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971695

ABSTRACT

In atherosclerosis, chronic inflammatory processes in local diseased areas may lead to the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, we devised a highly sensitive H2O2-scavenging nano-bionic system loaded with probucol (RPP-PU), to treat atherosclerosis more effectively. The RPP material had high sensitivity to H2O2, and the response sensitivity could be reduced from 40 to 10 μmol/L which was close to the lowest concentration of H2O2 levels of the pathological environment. RPP-PU delayed the release and prolonged the duration of PU in vivo. In Apolipoprotein E deficient (ApoE‒/‒) mice, RPP-PU effectively eliminated pathological ROS, reduced the level of lipids and related metabolic enzymes, and significantly decreased the area of vascular plaques and fibers. Our study demonstrated that the H2O2-scavenging nano-bionic system could scavenge the abundant ROS in the atherosclerosis lesion, thereby reducing the oxidative stress for treating atherosclerosis and thus achieve the therapeutic goals with atherosclerosis more desirably.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 198-202, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960935

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the therapeutic effect of the diquafosol sodium combined with intense pulsed light(IPL)on meibomian gland dysfunction(MGD)dry eye after refractive surgery.METHODS:A total of 64 patients(128 eyes)with MGD dry eye diagnosed within 6mo after laser corneal refractive surgery in our hospital from March 2021 to December 2021 were selected. They were randomly divided into control group and experimental group. A total of 33 patients(66 eyes)in the control group were treated with sodium hyaluronate combined with IPL, and 31 patients(62 eyes)in the experimental group were treated with diquafosol sodium combined with IPL. Ocular symptom scores were performed before each IPL treatment in both groups to examine non-invasive tear breakup time(NIBUT), tear meniscus height, lipid layer grade of tear film, meibomian gland deletion rate and uncorrected visual acuity.RESULTS:After IPL treatment, ocular symptom scores and meibomian gland deletion rate score of two groups were decreased continuously. NIBUT, tear meniscus height and lipid layer grade of tear film were increased continuously, and there was no significant change in uncorrected visual acuity. NIBUT of patients in the experimental group was better than that in the control group before the third IPL treatment(6.24±0.27s vs. 5.51±0.24s, P=0.046).CONCLUSIONS:Both diquafosol sodium and sodium hyaluronate combined with IPL showed good therapeutic effect on MGD dry eye, but there was no significant difference in the short-term efficacy between the two groups.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 212-216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959750

ABSTRACT

With the increasing aging of our population, the incidence of drug-related problems among elderly patients in the community is gradually increasing. Drug-related problems can lead to an increased incidence of adverse health outcomes such as falls and frailty in elderly patients in the community. Medication review is one of the effective means of addressing drug-related problems. The medication review models in Europe and the United States have been developed for decades to address drug-related problems; medication review model in the United Kingdom focuses on the management of drug therapy for elderly patients in aged care facilities, while the medication review models in the United States and Australia have a broader scope(covering all elderly patients in the community), and the frequency of medication reviews in the United States and Australia are clearer and more standardized. Compared with the above countries, China’s medication review model has a late start. Our country can learn from the advanced experience of the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia and other countries, actively explore and build a drug review model suitable for China’s national conditions, so as to improve the health level of elderly patients in the community and save social public medical resources.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1413-1419, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970612

ABSTRACT

The toxic pathogen theory, an important part of the theories of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), began in the Qin and Han dynasties, formed in the Jin, Sui, Tang, and Song dynasties, developed rapidly in the Ming and Qing dynasties, and conti-nued to develop in contemporary times based on the achievements of its predecessors. The continuous exploration, practice, and inheri-tance of many medical practitioners over the generations have facilitated the enrichment of its connotation. The toxic pathogen is violent, fierce, dangerous, prolonged, rapid in transmission, easy to hurt the internal organs, hidden, and latent, with many changes, and it is closely related to the development of tumor diseases. TCM has a history of thousands of years in the prevention and treatment of tumor diseases. It is gradually realized that the etiology of tumor is mainly attributed to the deficiency of healthy Qi and excess of to-xic pathogen, and the struggle between healthy Qi and toxic pathogen runs through the whole course of tumor, with the deficiency of healthy Qi as the prerequisite and the invasion of toxic pathogen as the root of the occurrence. The toxic pathogen has a strong carcinogenic effect and is involved in the whole process of tumor development, which is closely related to the malignant behaviors of tumors, including proliferation, invasion, and metastasis. This study discussed the historical origin and modern interpretation of the toxic pathogen theory in the prevention and treatment of tumors, with aims of sorting out the theoretical system based on the toxic pathogen theory in the treatment of tumor diseases, and illustrating the importance of the toxic pathogen theory in the treatment of tumors in the context of modern research on pharmacological mechanisms and the development and marketing of relevant anti-tumor Chinese medicinal preparations.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Cell Movement , China
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 9-13, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969939

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of standardized Jin's three-needle therapy on limb motor function and nerve function defect in stroke patients, and to evaluate the placebo control method.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 patients with stroke were randomly divided into a Jin's three-needle group (33 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a placebo needle group (33 cases, 4 cases dropped off). All the patients were treated with conventional medication and rehabilitation treatment. In addition, the patients in the Jin's three-needle group were treated with standardized Jin's three-needle therapy at temporal three points, spirit four points, hand three points, foot three points, upper extremity spasm three points, lower extremity spasm three points, etc.; while the patients in the placebo needle group were treated with placebo needling at identical points. All the treatments were given once a day, 5 days a week, and 3-week treatment was given with an interval of 2 days between weeks. The scores of Fugl-Meyer assessment scale (FMA) and National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) were observed before treatment, 10 d and 21 d into treatment, and the blind evaluation was conducted after treatment.@*RESULTS@#On the 10 d and 21 d into treatment, the FMA scores in both groups were higher than those before treatment (P<0.01), and the NIHSS scores were lower than those before treatment (P<0.01). On the 10 d and 21 d into treatment, the FMA scores in the Jin's three-needle group were higher than those in the placebo needle group (P<0.05); on the 10 d into treatment, the NIHSS score in the Jin's three-needle group was were lower than that in the placebo needle group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups on judging the type of treatment (P>0.05), and the consistency with the real situation was poor (Cohen's kappa coefficient<0.20).@*CONCLUSION@#The standardized Jin's three-needle therapy could effectively improve the limb motor function and nerve function defect in stroke patients. The placebo control method used in this study shows good clinical operability and masking effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Acupuncture Points , Stroke/therapy , Lower Extremity , Needles , Treatment Outcome , Stroke Rehabilitation
11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 366-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965860

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between digital devices usage and body weight overestimation in children and adolescents aged 7-18, in order to provide a scientific basis for body weight overestimation prevention in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#Based on the data of the Research Special Project for Public Welfare Industry of Health using stratified cluster sampling method in 2012, a tatal of 40 073 children and adolescents from 7 provinces with complete information were chosen. Ordinal multivariable Logistic regression model estimated the association between digital devices usage and body weight overestimation.@*Results@#A total of 4 276(11.8%) students with overestimation of body weight were detected, who spent >300 min/d time in digital devices(5.12%) than others (3.84%)( χ 2=19.14, P <0.01). Univariate analysis showed that students with time spent on digital devices >300 min/d had a higher risk in overestimation of body weight ( OR=1.36,95%CI=1.18-1.57,P <0.01) compared with students who spent on digital devices≤120 min/d. There was still a significant association after confounder adjustment ( OR=1.28, 95%CI= 1.10-1.48,P <0.05). Stratified analysis showed that the association between digital devices usage and overestimation of body weight were only observed in girls, 11-18 years old and non single child( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The time usage of digital devices is associated with overestimation of body weight in children and adolescents. It may helpful for children and adolescents to prevent overestimation of body weight by reducing time spent on digital devices.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 494-497, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964255

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the visual improvement and anatomical closure of patients with full-thickness macular hole(FTMH)accompanied by lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation(LHEP)after vitrectomy.METHODS: A retrospective study of clinical cases. A total of 28 cases(28 eyes)of patients diagnosed with FTMH in our hospital between January 2018 and January 2022 were included, and they were divided into 12 cases(12 eyes)in the LHEP group and 16 cases(16 eyes)in the non-LHEP group according to the presence or absence of LHEP. All subjects had undergone vitrectomy. The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)before and 1a after operation, hole closure, continuity of ellipsoid zone and external limiting membrane(ELM), intraocular pressure(IOP), and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.RESULTS: Preoperative BCVA(LogMAR)was 0.80±0.17 in the LHEP group and 0.92±0.27 in the non-LHEP group(t=1.406, P=0.172); BCVA at 1a after operation was 0.54±0.14 in the LHEP group and 0.39±0.10 in the non-LHEP group(t=3.399, P=0.002). BCVA at 1a after operation was significantly improved in both groups compared with that before operation(tLHEP group=4.029; PLHEP group=0.001; tnon-LHEP group=7.445, Pnon-LHEP group=0.001); the difference in BCVA(LogMAR)before and after the operation was 0.27±0.16 in the LHEP group and 0.52±0.26 in the non-LHEP group(t=3.153, P=0.002). The hole closed in both groups 1a after the operation, and the closure rate was 100%. The ellipsoid zone closed in 20%(2/12)of patients in the LHEP group and 56%(9/16)in the non-LHEP group(Pellipsoid zone=0.04); the ELM closed in 25%(3/12)of patients in the LHEP group and 69%(11/16)in the non-LHEP group(PELM=0.027). A postoperative transient IOP elevation occurred in 2 eyes of the LHEP group and 3 eyes of the non-LHEP group, respectively. There were no significant cataract or serious complications after the vitrectomy in either group.CONCLUSIONS: Compared with FTMH patients without LHEP, the BCVA improvement after vitrectomy was less in FTMH patients with LHEP. Although their macular hole was closed, the closure rates of ellipsoid zone and ELM were lower, and the duration of continuity interruption was longer, so the prognosis requires further clarification.

13.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 327-331, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the Correlation between ADC combined with serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and delayed encephalopathy after carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP), It provides scientific basis for early prediction of DEACMP.Methods:According to the design principle of case-control study, the data of acute carbon monoxide poisoning (ACOP) patients admitted to Shandong Provincial Hospital from December 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively selected. Among them, patients with DEACMP were selected as the case group, without DEACMP were used as the control group. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed on the two groups. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of ADC combined with CRP as a combined predictor for disease.Results:A total of 89 patients with ACOP were included, including 33 patients with DEACMP and 56 patients without DEACMP. There were no significant differences in gender, age, smoking, drinking, and underlying diseases (hypertension, coronary heart disease) between groups ( P>0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that white blood cell count (WBC) ( OR=1.64, 95% CI: 1.19-2.26, P=0.003), CRP ( OR=1.22, 95% CI: 1.03-1.45, P=0.019) and ADC value of central semiovale white matter ( OR=0.99, 95% CI: 0.98-1.00, P=0.010) were associated with DEACMP in patients with ACOP. The ROC curve results showed that the area under the ROC of ADC combined with CRP in the center of semiovale was 0.765 (95% CI: 0.656-0.845), the specificity was 87.9%, the sensitivity was 23.2%, and the cut-off value was 3.5°. Conclusions:WBC, CRP and ADC value of central semiovale are independent factors for DEACMP. ADC value of central semiovale combined with CRP has more clinical value in the early diagnosis of DEACMP. For ACOP patients with DEACMP triggering factors, the diagnosis and treatment awareness of early screening of brain magnetic resonance imaging should be strengthened to avoid DEACMP.

14.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 129-135, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989604

ABSTRACT

The Danggui Yinzi, as one of the classic prescriptions, was first recorded in Yan's Jisheng Prescription and is mainly used to treat various skin diseases with blood deficiency and wind dryness. By referring to ancient books and modern literature researches, this study analyzed and summarized the literature of Danggui Yinzi from the aspects of prescription origin, composition, addition and subtractive changes of flavor, dosage and decocting and taking method, discrimination of prescription and efficacy, raw material and processing of medicinal materials, and modern clinical application. Textual researches explored more than 80 ancient literature and 170 modern literature and showed its content included Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Rehmannia Radix, Tribuli Fructus, Saposhnikoviae Radix, Schizonepetae Spica, Polygoni Multiflora Radix, Astragali Radix, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. It was cooked by water. It was used for the patients with skin diseases and Chinese pattern of blood deficiency wind drying. It has showed a wide range of applications, and similar application in ancient and modern time. This paper provides a more comprehensive reference for the research and development of compound preparation of Danggui Yinzi.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1313-1318, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988846

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the epidemiological trend of overweight and obesity, elevated blood pressure and their comorbidities in children and adolescents from Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region during 2016-2021, and to analyze its association with lifestyle, so as to provide reference for formulating prevention and control strategies of regional common comorbidities in schools.@*Methods@#A total of 8 908, 8 222, 9 448, 127 068, 100 778, and 138 540 students aged 10-18 years in Inner Mongolia were selected by stratified random cluster sampling in September each year from 2016 to 2021. Physical examination and questionnaire survey were conducted on the included students. The prevalence trends of overweight,obesity, elevated blood pressure and their co-occurrence were analyzed. Logistic regression was used to compare the prevalence of elevated blood pressure in different body mass index (BMI) groups. After excluding individuals without lifestyle information in 2021, Logistic regression analysis was used on 136 374 subjects to analyze the association between overweight,obesity, elevated blood pressure and their co-occurrence and lifestyle factors.@*Results@#During 2016 to 2021, the prevalence of comorbidity of overweight, obesity with elevated blood pressure among students in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region were 5.04%,5.14%,4.99%,7.51%,7.60% and 9.45%, respectively . The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 26.94%, 28.07%, 29.62%, 34.19%, 36.71% and 37.53%, respectively. The prevalence of elevated blood pressure were 16.05%, 11.54%, 13.12%, 14.85%, 14.12% and 18.40%, respectively. Except for 2016, the risk of elevated blood pressure in overweight and obese people was higher than that in normal BMI group in other years, and there was a positive correlation between overweight and obesity and elevated blood pressure after gender and urban and rural areas ( P < 0.05 ). In 2021, the detection rate of comorbidity of overweight and obesity with elevated blood pressure among children and adolescents in urban areas was higher than that in suburban counties, and the reporting rate of healthy lifestyle was lower than that in suburban counties ( P <0.05).Skipping breakfast ( OR =1.11,95% CI =1.07-1.16) and non daily moderate and high intensity physical activity( OR =1.27,95% CI =1.20-1.34) were positively correlated with the co-occurrence of overweight,obesity and elevated blood pressure among children and adolescents in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Non daily moderate and high intensity physical activity ≥60 min was positively correlated with elevated blood pressure ( OR =1.11,95% CI =1.07-1.16), and insufficient sleep was positively correlated with overweight,obesity ( OR =1.04, 95% CI =1.01-1.06)( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of overweight,obesity, elevated blood pressure and their co-occurrence among children and adolescents in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is relatively high. Overweight/obesity is an important risk factor for elevated blood pressure, and unhealthy lifestyles are risk factors for co-occurrence of overweight,obesity and elevated blood pressure. Region specific lifestyle interventions are indispensable for the prevention and control of regional common comorbidities. Urban areas may be a key focus for lifestyle interventions.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1294-1298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988818

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of Internet addiction and depression of students, and to analyze the co-occurrence and trend, so as to provide a theoretical basis for prevention and controlling measures of Internet addiction and depression.@*Methods@#A total of 6 317,7 152,81 808,71 180 and 89 932 students aged 10 to 24 years from 12 leagues (103 banners) in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region were selected by stratified random cluster sampling in September each year from 2017 to 2021. The Internet Addiction Scale and the Central for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale(CES-D) was used to measure Internet addiction and depression. And the annual inspection rate, group difference and annual change trend in students were calculated. Multivariate linear regression and restricted cubic spline analysis were used to estimate the linear and non linear associations between Internet addiction and depression in students.@*Results@#The Internet addiction proportion in students gradually decreased from 4.1% in 2017 to 2.1% in 2020, but increased to 3.9% in 2021. And the depressive symptoms proportion increased from 20.9% in 2017 to 28.0% in 2020 and 27.0% in 2021. The detection rate of Internet addiction and depression comorbidities remained at 1.8% to 2.5 %. The Internet addiction proportion in boys was higher than that in girls( χ 2=42.82, P <0.05). The depressive symptoms prevalence in girls was higher than that in boys( χ 2= 553.90, P <0.05). Taking reversal in prevalence of Internet addiction in urban and rural areas was observed in 2019. The detection rates of depressive symptoms and comorbidity were higher in urban areas than these in suburban counties on the whole, and the difference showed a trend of decreasing or even equalizing year by year. Internet addiction was positively correlated with depressive symptoms score ( B=1.67, 95%CI =1.64-1.71), the proportion of depressive symptoms ( OR=1.39, 95%CI =1.38-1.41) and the proportion of major depressive symptoms ( OR=1.35, 95%CI =1.33-1.36) among students in 2021 ( P <0.05). An N-shaped curve was found in the significant nonlinear associations between internet addiction and depression across sex, region and school stage.@*Conclusion@#Internet addiction and depression in students show significant linear and non-linear associations, which are consistent in different sexes, regions and school stages. Therefore, relevant measures should be made and implemented in each region, especially in suburb areas, so as to prevent the increasingly development of adolescents and children s Internet addiction and depression.

17.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 877-882, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988514

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate and analyze the root and root canal morphology of mandibular first molars (MFMs) in the Tibetan population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to provide references for clinical root canal treatment in the Tibetan population. @*Methods@#This study was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee, and informed consent was obtained from the patients. CBCT imaging data of 300 mandibular first molars from 300 Tibetan patients were included. Patient age, the number of roots in mandibular first molars were recorded. The morphology and incidence of mesial root and mesial root canals and the morphology and incidence of distal root and distal root canals were statistically analyzed by Vertucci classification. @*Results @#There were 198 double-root teeth and 102 three-root teeth in the 300 mandibular first permanent molars. Among the three-rooted molars, 1 case had mesiolingual roots, and the rest had distolingual roots. The incidence rate of the distolingual root was 33.7%(101/300). The most common root canal configuration was Vertucci Ⅳ 65.7% (197/300), followed by Vertucci Ⅱ 20.3% (61/300) in the mesial roots. The overall incidence of middle mesial canals (MMCs) was 6% (18/300), with the highest incidence of MMCs in the 20-40 year-old group at 9% (9/100). The distal roots canals of single-distal-rooted mandibular first molars were mainly Vertucci Ⅰ 66.8% (133/199), followed by Vertucci Ⅱ 14.6% (29/199) and Vertucci Ⅳ 11.6% (23/199). For the mandibular first permanent molars with two distal roots, 96% (97/101) of the distal buccal roots and 100% (101/101) of the distal lingual roots were Vertucci Ⅰ root canals. @*Conclusion@# The root and root canal morphology of mandibular first permanent molars in a Tibetan population is complex and variable. Approximately one-third of patients have distolingual roots, and clinicians should carefully explore the root canals under the guidance of CBCT.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2162-2166, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987149

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the pharmaceutical care model for elderly patients with drug-related problems (DRPs) based on the comprehensive medication management review (CMMR), and to observe the effect of pharmaceutical care under the model. METHODS The pharmaceutical care new model for elderly patients was established by concerning CMMR guidelines in Australia. In other words, clinical pharmacists receive medical care through referral by health practitioners and active consultation by patients or their caregivers. Visits were made by a combination of face-to-face and telephone interviews. Follow-up was carried out in the form of outpatient follow-up, telephone follow-up, appointment, and home guidance to know about the treatment of DRPs by healthcare practitioners or patients.Under this model, the occurrence status and classification of DRPs in elderly patients were studied through cross-sectional investigation. The effect of pharmaceutical care was evaluated from the aspects of hospitalization rate, adverse drug reaction (ADR) incidence,medication compliance, the number of medications, blood lipid level, etc., through self-before-after comparison. RESULTS In this study, a patient-centered, evaluation-intervention-reevaluation closed-loop pharmaceutical care model was formed. Among 317 study subjects, the average number of DRPs was 1.03 (0-7) cases. Compared before and after the intervention, the number of drug types increased from 2.00(0.00,3.00) to 2.00(1.00,3.00), but the level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterin in patients decreased from 3.48 (2.58, 4.29) mmol/L to 3.11 (2.29,3.81) mmol/L (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in hospitalization rate, ADR incidence within or medication compliance. CONCLUSIONS CMMR-based pharmaceutical care model can effectively identify and manage the patients’ DRPs and reduce the level of blood lipid.

19.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 701-706, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986250

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:探讨EB病毒核抗原1(EBNA1) mRNA修饰的DC(EBNA1-DC)诱导的淋巴细胞联合甲基化抑制剂5-Aza-CdR对鼻咽癌C666-1细胞的杀伤作用。方法:以构建的EBNA1-pCDNA3.1质粒为模板,体外转录获得EBNA1 mRNA,通过脂质体转染至健康人外周血来源DC,构建EBNA1-DC疫苗。流式细胞术检测转染后DC表型及5-Aza-CdR处理后的C666-1细胞凋亡情况。实时无标记动态细胞分析技术检测EBNA1-DC疫苗诱导的淋巴细胞联合5-Aza-CdR的特异性抗肿瘤活性。结果:转染EBNA1 mRNA后EBNA1-DC表面EBNA1阳性率为(59.3±5.85)%,HLA-DR的表达与未转染DC相比显著升高[(84.9±5.5)% vs (68.0±5.8)%,P=0.026],CD80的表达也显著升高[(88.2±3.9)% vs (61.1±4.4)%,P=0.015]。低剂量5-Aza-CdR处理后的C666-1细胞凋亡情况与未处理的细胞相比无显著差异。经低浓度5-Aza-CdR预处理的C666-1细胞中IRF7基因表达与未处理的细胞相比显著升高(P=0.000 1)。与空载的DC相比,EBNA1-DC诱导的淋巴细胞对EBV阳性表达的C666-1细胞具有更强的特异性杀伤活性(P=0.049);经低浓度5-Aza-CdR预处理的C666-1细胞对EBNA1-DC诱导的特异性免疫杀伤更敏感(P=0.019)。结论:5-Aza-CdR与EBNA1-DC疫苗联合可显著增强对C666-1细胞的特异性免疫杀伤,本研究为开拓以mRNA为基础的DC疫苗及其在临床综合治疗中的应用转化提供前期研究基础。

20.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 254-267, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to clarify how the stimulation of acupuncture points is achieved by needles with different surface texture during acupuncture; it also seeks to lessen injury at the insertion site and increase the therapeutic efficacy of acupuncture, by simulating the mechanical effects of various needle surface patterns on Zusanli (ST36) without changing the radius of acupuncture needles.@*METHODS@#Five acupuncture needle models with different surface patterns, including the smooth needle, the lined needle, the ringed needle, the left-hand threaded needle and the right-hand threaded needle, and a layered model of the Zusanli acupoint were used to investigate how to reduce tissue damage and increase stimulation during acupuncture treatment. Puncturing of the skin as well as lifting-inserting and twisting needle manipulations were simulated using these models, and the degree of damage and force of stimulation caused by the acupuncture needles with different surface patterns during acupuncture were compared.@*RESULTS@#The smooth needle and the lined needle caused the least tissue damage during insertion, while the left-hand threaded and the right-hand threaded needles caused the most damage. The ringed needle, the left-hand threaded needle and the right-hand threaded needle stimulated the acupoint tissue more during lifting-inserting manipulations, while the lined needle and the smooth needle produced less stimulation. The stimulation of the lined needle on the acupoint tissue was the largest during twisting manipulation, whereas the left-hand threaded needle and the right-hand threaded needle had smaller effects. In lifting-inserting and twisting manipulations, both the left-hand threaded needle and right-hand threaded needle provided more stimulation, but the torsion direction in which they produced better stimulation was the opposite.@*CONCLUSION@#According to the simulation results, the ringed pattern enhances stimulation best in the lifting-inserting manipulation, whereas the lined pattern enhances stimulation best in the twisting manipulation. Both the right-hand and left-hand thread patterns have certain enhancing effects in these two operations. Taking the geometric properties of the pattern into account, the left-hand thread pattern and the right-hand thread pattern have the geometric characteristics of both the lined pattern and the ringed pattern. To conclude, a pattern perpendicular to the movement direction during the acupuncture manipulation creates more stimulation. These results have significance for future needle design. Please cite this article as: Sun MZ, Wang X, Li YC, Yao W, Gu W. Mechanical effects of needle texture on acupoint tissue. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(3): 254-267.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Needles , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Hand
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