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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1696-1702, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978842

ABSTRACT

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is one of the most common chronic liver diseases worldwide and includes the different stages of steatosis, steatohepatitis, fibrosis, and liver cirrhosis. Enterococcus faecalis is a common bacterium for nosocomial infection and has a significant impact on the prognosis of patients with alcoholic hepatitis. This review mainly introduces the pathogenesis of ALD and the pathogenic mechanism of E. faecalis , summarizes the research advances in E. faecalis in ALD, and briefly describes the detection and treatment methods for E. faecalis infection in clinical practice. Since there is an extremely high mortality rate in ALD patients with lytic E. faecalis infection, an in-depth understanding of E. faecalis has become an important issue nowadays.

2.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 89-94, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965307

ABSTRACT

@#To evaluate bioequivalence and safety of two kinds of metformin hydrochloride sustained-release tablets (test preparation vs reference preparation) under the condition of fed and single administration.A single center, randomized, open, single-dose, two-period, two-sequence, and double-crossover design was used.32 healthy subjects took 0.5 g of test preparation or reference preparation under fed and single-dose administration.4 mL of venous blood was collected from before administration (0 h) to 1, 3, 4, 4.5, 5, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 15, 24, 36 and 48 h after administration.The concentration of metformin in plasma samples was detected, and then the pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by WinNonlin 7.0 software.When the 90% confidence intervals of cmax, AUC0-t and AUC0-∞ geometric mean ratio of test preparation and reference preparation were within 80.00%-125.00% equivalent intervals respectively, the bioequivalence of the two preparations was proved.One subject fell off due to adverse events.The main pharmacokinetic parameters of test preparation and reference preparation as follows: cmax were (0.68 ± 0.14) and (0.65 ± 0.11) mg/L, AUC0-t were (7.33 ± 1.65) and (7.00 ± 1.89) h·mg/L, AUC0-∞ were (7.39 ± 1.67) and (7.06 ± 1.91) h·mg/L, respectively.The 90% confidence intervals of the geometric mean ratio of the two main pharmacokinetic parameters were 101.45%-109.14%, 100.08%-112.32% and 100.24%-112.28%, respectively, which fell within the bioequivalence interval of 80.00%-125.00%.There were no serious adverse events and unexpected adverse events during the trial.The results show that test preparation and reference preparation are bioequivalent under fed and single-dose administration, safe and well tolerated in healthy subjects.

3.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 894-901, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of applying standardized patient teaching based on Calgary-Cambridge communication model in nurse patient communication training for junior college interns, and to enrich the teaching methods of nurse patient communication training in domestic medical institutions.Methods:This study was a quasi-experimental study. In July 2022, 78 students were selected from 335 junior college interns in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University by random coding method, and were randomly divided into the experimental group (39 students) and the control group (39 students) by lot. The control group received routine training. The experimental group received standardized patient teaching based on Calgary Cambridge communication model: teaching the key points of communication, guiding demonstration based on Calgary Cambridge communication model, and guiding reflection and exploration. The nurse patient communication ability, nurse patient communication practice skills, communication self-efficacy, and teaching satisfaction of the two groups of interns were compared between the two groups after 8 weeks of training.Results:After training, the total score of nurse patient communication ability evaluation in the experimental group was (91.41 ± 5.35) points, higher than that in the control group (88.08 ± 7.40) points, there was significant difference ( t=2.24, P<0.05); after training, the communication self-efficacy score of the experimental group was (30.21 ± 4.28) points, higher than that of the control group (27.94 ± 5.09) points, there was significant difference ( t=2.09, P<0.05); the total score of communication practice skills in the experimental group was (173.59 ± 18.48) points, higher than that in the control group (158.44 ± 15.57) points, there was significant difference ( t=3.82, P<0.05); the total score of communication teaching and training satisfaction in the experimental group was (16.77 ± 2.94) points, higher than that in the control group (15.22 ± 1.90) points, and there was significant difference ( t=2.68, P<0.05). Conclusions:The standardized patient teaching based on Calgary Cambridge communication model can effectively improve the practical skills of nurse patient communication of junior college interns, and promote the improvement of their nurse patient communication self-efficacy, which is conducive to the improvement of nurse patient communication ability junior college intern.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 49-53, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the genetic causes of abnormal isovaleryl carnitine (C5) metabolism in newborns.Methods:Retrospective study.The screening and clinical follow-up data of 34 neonates with elevated C5 levels shown by the tandem mass spectrometry test in Children′s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2018 to December 2021 were collected.Afterwards, their ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) anticoagulant venous blood was collected to extract genomic DNA.A total of 79 genes related to genetic metabolic diseases, such as ACADSB, IVD and ACADM, were captured by liquid-phase capture technology.High-throughput sequencing and bioinformatics analysis were used to acquire gene variation information and the genes were categorized by American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics classification standard.According to the results of genetic analysis, the newborns with C5 elevation were divided into 3 groups: non-mutation group(11 cases), ACADSB mutation group(16 cases) and IVD mutation group(7 cases). Wilcoxon rank sum test was performed to analyze the difference between these groups. Results:Among 34 neonates, 6 ACADSB variants were detected in 16 cases, and 2 of them [c.461G>A (p.G154E), c.746delC(p.P249Lfs*15)] were novel variants.Eleven IVD variants were detected in 7 cases, and 7 of them [c.118A>G(p.N40D), c.296-10C>G, c.302A>G(p.Y101C), c.537G>A(p.M179I), c.667C>T(p.R223W), c.983A>G(p.K328R), c.1147+ 5G>A] were never reported before.There was no significant difference in the C5 concentration in initial screening among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Mutations in ACADSB and IVD genes are the main causes of augmented C5 levels in neonatal screening.For newly discovered genetic variants, functional prediction by multiple bioinformatics analysis software is recommended.And it is also important to carry out clinical follow-up and evaluation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 507-510, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985791

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the recurrence factors and reoperation effect of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Methods: A total of 41 patients with recurrence after laparoscopic repair of the inguinal hernia admitted to the Department of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were males, aging (62±7) years (range: 51 to 75 years). The recurrence intervals were 3 days to 7 years postoperatively. The surgical methods, causes of recurrence, and treatment outcomes of the patients were analyzed. Fisher exact probability method is used to compare the rates. Results: Among all cases, the primary surgical procedures included transabdominal preperitoneal herniorrhaphy (TAPP) in 31 cases and total extraperitoneal herniorrhaphy in 10 cases. The reoperative procedures included the TAPP of 11 cases and the Lichtenstein procedure of 30 cases. The factors of recurrent cases in all patients could be divided into 4 categories, including insufficient mesh coverage in 23 cases, mesh curling in 9 cases, mesh contractuture in 7 cases, and improper mesh fixation in 2 cases. Recurrence, infection, chronic pain, foreign body sensation didn't occur in the followed period of(M(IQR)) 18(24) months(range: 12 to 50 months). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of postoperative seroma between the TAPP and Lichtenstein procedure (3/11 vs. 20.0% (6/30), P=0.68). Conclusions: Postoperative recurrence of laparoscopic inguinal hernia is mostly caused by the lack of mesh coverage. Due to the emphasis on standardized surgical operation, a good outcome could be achieved through reoperation by the TAPP or Lichtenstein procedure.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Recurrence
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 466-471, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985702

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of the MeltPro MTB assays in the diagnosis of drug-resistant tuberculosis. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used to retrospectively collect all 4 551 patients with confirmed tuberculosis between January 2018 and December 2019 at Beijing Chest Hospital, Capital Medical University. Phenotypic drug sensitivity test and GeneXpert MTB/RIF (hereafter referred to as "Xpert") assay were used as gold standards to analyze the accuracy of the probe melting curve method. The clinical value of this technique was also evaluated as a complementary method to conventional assays of drug resistance to increase the detective rate of drug-resistant tuberculosis. Results: By taking the phenotypic drug susceptibility test as the gold standard, the sensitivity of the MeltPro MTB assays to detect resistance to rifampicin, isoniazid, ethambutol and fluoroquinolone was 14/15, 95.7%(22/23), 2/4 and 8/9,respectively; and the specificity was 92.0%(115/125), 93.2%(109/117), 90.4%(123/136) and 93.9%(123/131),respectively; the overall concordance rate was 92.1%(95%CI:89.6%-94.1%),and the Kappa value of the consistency test was 0.63(95%CI:0.55-0.72).By taking the Xpert test results as the reference, the sensitivity of this technology to the detection of rifampicin resistance was 93.6%(44/47), the specificity was100%(310/310), the concordance rate was 99.2%(95%CI:97.6%-99.7%), and the Kappa value of the consistency test was 0.96(95%CI:0.93-0.99). The MeltPro MTB assays had been used in 4 551 confirmed patients; the proportion of patients who obtained effective drug resistance results increased from 83.3% to 87.8%(P<0.01); and detection rate of rifampicin, isoniazid, ethambutol, fluoroquinolone resistance, multidrug and pre-extensive drug resistance cases were increased by 3.2%, 14.7%, 22.2%, 13.7%, 11.2% and 12.5%, respectively. Conclusion: The MeltPro MTB assays show satisfactory accuracy in the diagnosis of drug-resistant tuberculosis. This molecular pathological test is an effective complementary method in improving test positivity of drug-resistant tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rifampin/therapeutic use , Antibiotics, Antitubercular/therapeutic use , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Ethambutol/pharmacology , Isoniazid/pharmacology , Paraffin Embedding , Retrospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/drug therapy
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 377-383, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984663

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether admission blood pressure (BP) variability during multiple hospitalizations is associated with all-cause mortality independent of baseline BP in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Methods: Patients with ADHF admitted to the Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from September 2013 to December 2017 were retrospectively enrolled. The risk of all-cause mortality associated with indices of BP variability, including mean admission BPs, standard deviation of BP and coefficient of variation of BP during multiple hospitalizations was assessed, using Cox regression model. Results: A total of 1 006 ADHF patients (mean aged (69.3±13.5) years; 411 (40.8%) female; 670 (66.6%) with preserved ejection fraction) were enrolled. During a median follow-up of 1.54 years, 47.0% of patients died. In all ADHF patients, after adjusting for confounding factors, for every 1-standard deviation (SD) increase in SD and coefficient of variation (CV) of systolic BP, the risk of all-cause mortality increased by 10% and 11%, respectively (SD: HR, 1.10, 95%CI, 1.01-1.21, P=0.029, CV: HR, 1.11, 95%CI, 1.02-1.21, P=0.017); for every 1-SD increase in the mean of diastolic BP, the risk of all cause mortality decreased by 25% (HR, 0.75; 95%CI, 0.65-0.87; P<0.001). In ADHF patients with preserved ejection fraction, after accounted for potential confounders, higher SD and CV of admitted systolic and diastolic BP were significantly associated with higher risk of all-cause mortality, regardless of whether confounding factors were adjusted (P≤0.049); After adjusting for confounding factors, the risk of all-cause mortality increased by 18% and 19% for every 1-SD increase in SD and CV of systolic BP, while the risk of all-cause mortality increased by 11% and 15% for every 1-SD increase in SD and CV of diastolic BP. In ADHF patients with reduced ejection fraction, after adjusting for confounding factors, the higher the mean admission systolic BP during multiple hospitalizations, the lower the risk of total mortality (HR, 0.68; 95%CI, 0.47-1.00; P=0.049). Conclusions: In patients with ADHF, independent of baseline BP, BP variability during multiple hospitalizations was strong predictor of all-cause mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Male , Blood Pressure , Retrospective Studies , Heart Failure , Hospitalization , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Risk Factors , Prognosis
8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 378-384, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992970

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore functional brain region changes and their correlation with behavioral variables based on amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) analysis using resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3).Methods:In this prospective study, patients with SCA3 and healthy controls (HC) were recruited by Southwest Hospital, Army Medical University from May 2017 to March 2022. All subjects completed the scale for assessment and rating of ataxia (SARA), the international cooperative ataxia rating scale-posture and gait (ICARS-p&g), the rapid verbal retrieval (RVR) and Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA). Meanwhile, the subjects underwent structural MRI and rs-fMRI scans. The MRI data were processed by DPABI software based on MATLAB. The normalized ALFF values of the two groups were compared using two-sample t-test, and the changes of ALFF values in the brain regions of SCA3 and HC groups were analyzed with the t-test of partial correlation coefficient. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between the ALFF values of abnormal brain area and the score of neurobehavioral scale in SCA3. Results:Compared with HC group, ALFF significantly increased in the left cerebellum (Crus1, Crus2, 4_5, 6, 7b, 8, 9), right cerebelum_9, left fusiform gyrus and vermis_8; while ALFF significantly decreased in the vermis_4_5 in patients with SCA3. Correlation analysis showed that ALFF values in the left cerebellar_8 were negatively correlated with RVR scores ( r=-0.293, P=0.035), ALFF values in the left cerebellar_9 were negatively correlated with MoCA scores ( r=-0.324, P=0.019), ALFF values in the right cerebellar_9 were negatively correlated with RVR scores ( r=-0.401, P=0.003) in the SCA3 patients. ALFF in the vermis_8 was positively correlated with SARA scores ( r=0.308, P=0.026) and ICARS-p&g scores ( r=0.313, P=0.024) in the SCA3 patients. Conclusion:There are significant changes in ALFF values in the cerebellum and left fusiform gyrus in patients with SCA3, and the changes of ALFF values are closely related with communication, cognitive and movement disorders.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 101-104, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970959

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a metabolic-related disorder induced by multiple factors and mainly characterized by excessive fat buildup in hepatocytes. With the consumption of a Western-style diet and obesity prevalence in recent years, the incidence of NAFLD has gradually increased, becoming an increasingly serious public health problem. Bilirubin is a heme metabolite and a potent antioxidant. Studies have demonstrated that bilirubin levels have an inverse correlation with the incidence rate of NAFLD; however, which form of bilirubin plays the main protective role is still controversial. It is considered that the main protective mechanisms for NAFLD are bilirubin antioxidant properties, insulin resistance reduction, and mitochondrial function. This article summarizes the correlation, protective mechanism, and possible clinical application of NAFLD and bilirubin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/metabolism , Bilirubin , Antioxidants , Obesity/complications , Hepatocytes/metabolism , Liver/metabolism
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3701-3709, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004645

ABSTRACT

Twelve compounds, including 5 new monoterpenes and 7 known derivatives, were isolated from a water decoction of Monochasma savatieri by column chromatography over macroporous adsorbent resin, MCI resin, Sephadex LH-20, and HW-40C, combined with preparative TLC, reversed phase HPLC, and flash column chromatographic techniques. Their structures were elucidated by comprehensive analysis of spectroscopic data, along with enzymatic hydrolysis as well as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and NMR calculations, the new structures named monochaside I (1) and monochairidols A-D (2-5), respectively. The known compounds 6-12 were obtained from the Monochasma plants for the first time.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 196-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the performance of Al 18F-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-BCH PET/CT in the detection and localization of early recurrent prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy. Methods:From July 2021 to July 2022, a cohort of 51 patients (age: 49-80(64.8±6.9) years) who underwent Al 18F-PSMA-BCH for biochemical recurrence with the prostate specific antigen (PSA) level less than 2 μg/L in Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were stratified into 4 groups (PSA<0.2 μg/L, 0.2 μg/L≤PSA<0.5 μg/L, 0.5 μg/L≤PSA<1 μg/L, 1 μg/L≤PSA<2 μg/L groups) according to different PSA levels. Lesions detected by Al 18F-PSMA-BCH PET/CT were recorded as prostate bed (including bed of seminal vesicles); pelvic, paraaortic, mediastinal/supraclavicular and axillary lymph nodes; bone lesions and visceral lesions. The detection rates among different groups were compared by Fisher exact test. Results:Of 51 patients, 30(58.8%) had evidence of abnormal uptake suggestive of recurrent prostate cancer, with 60.0%(18/30) had disease confined to the pelvis, including 26.7%(8/30) had prostate bed recurrence, 26.7%(8/30) had pelvic lymph nodes, 6.6%(2/30) had prostate bed recurrence with pelvic lymph nodes, while 40.0%(12/30) had extra pelvic disease. The detection rates of Al 18F-PSMA-BCH PET/CT in PSA<0.2 μg/L, 0.2 μg/L≤PSA<0.5 μg/L, 0.5 μg/L≤PSA<1 μg/L and 1 μg/L≤PSA<2 μg/L groups were 39.1%(9/23), 6/11, 8/9 and 7/8, respectively. There were no significant differences of detection rates between PSA<0.2 μg/L group and 0.2 μg/L≤PSA<0.5 μg/L group ( P=0.397) and also between 0.5 μg/L≤PSA<1 μg/L group and 1 μg/L≤PSA<2 μg/L group ( P=0.929). Conclusion:Al 18F-PSMA-BCH has a high detection rate for early recurrent prostate cancer, even at low PSA levels less than 0.2 μg/L.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2405-2415, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937060

ABSTRACT

Eleven monoterpene glucosides were isolated from a water decoction of Monochasma savatieri by column chromatography over macroporous adsorbent resin, MCI resin, Sephadex LH-20, and HW-40C, combined with preparative TLC, reversed phase HPLC, and flash column chromatographic techniques. Their structures were elucidated by comprehensive analysis of spectroscopic data, along with acidic and enzymatic hydrolysis as well as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and NMR calculations, including six new compounds (1-4, 7 and 8), named monochasides A-D, G and H, respectively. Comparing the reported data of 9-hydroxylinaloyl 3-O-β-D-glucoside (5), (6Z)-9-hydroxylinaloyl 3-O-β-D-glucoside (6), and kankanoside D1 (9) with those obtained in this study, the absolute configurations of 6 and 9 were proved for the first time. Other two compounds were identified as 8-hydroxygeraniol 1-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (10) and 8-hydroxygeraniol 8-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (11), respectively.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 563-567, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931449

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of the 3D printed model assisted network teaching of neurosurgery.Methods:Seventy-six probation students were divided into: 3D printed model assisted online course teaching group (test group) and traditional teaching group (control group). After 1-month online teaching, quantitative assessment and satisfaction survey were carried out. SPSS 17.0 was used for statistical analysis of variance.Results:The department graduation test (theory and operation) scores of students in the test group were (86.7±7.4) points, which was significantly higher than those in the control group (78.2±8.2) points ( t=5.56, P<0.01). The teaching satisfaction survey showed that the test group had significantly higher scores in self-evaluation of spatial imagination ( t=3.81, P<0.01), deepening understanding of neuroanatomy ( t=5.29, P<0.01), and increasing interest in clinical learning ( t=5.12, P<0.01) than those of the control group. Conclusion:Compared with the conventional online teaching methods, 3D printed model assisted online teaching helps to improve teaching quality and students' satisfaction.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1801-1807, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929452

ABSTRACT

The mitochondrial enzyme glutaminase C (GAC) is highly expressed in a variety of cancer cells, resulting in increased glutamine metabolism and cancer development. Therefore, GAC has become a potential target for anti-tumor drug development. However, current GAC inhibitors shared similar structural characteristics, few new scaffolds were reported. By conducting a prokaryotic Escherichia coli expression system, human GAC protein of high-purity was obtained through lysozyme digestion combined with ultrasound dissociation, and cobalt magnetic beads purification, Moreover, we performed studies to validate interaction between small molecules and GAC protein through thermal shift assay, drug affinity responsive target stability assay, protein crosslinking and GAC enzyme activity detection. Meanwhile, a comprehensive small molecule-protein interaction confirmation and systematic pharmacodynamic study in vitro were carried out on compound C19, which was a reported GAC inhibitor screened from the Enamine database. Results showed that C19 directly bind to GAC protein, disturbed GAC tetramers formation, and inhibited its enzyme catalytic activity. By interfering GAC function, C19 dose-dependently suppressed GAC-mediated glutamine metabolism, reduced glutamate in cancer cells, and thus alleviated A549 and NCI-H1299 non-small cell lung cancer cell growth. Together, C19 was identified as a lead compound, providing a new strategy for the structural design of drugs targeting GAC.

15.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 433-439, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the influence of enteral feeding initiation time on intestinal flora and metabolites in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 VLBW infants who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, from June to December, 2020, were enrolled as subjects. According to the enteral feeding initiation time after birth, the infants were divided into two groups: <24 hours (n=15) and 24-72 hours (n=14). Fecal samples were collected at weeks 2 and 4 of hospitalization, and 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were used to analyze the microflora and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) respectively in fecal samples.@*RESULTS@#The analysis of microflora showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups in Chao index (reflecting the abundance of microflora) and Shannon index (reflecting the diversity of microflora) at weeks 2 and 4 after birth (P>0.05). The analysis of flora composition showed that there was no significant difference in the main microflora at the phylum and genus levels between the two groups at weeks 2 and 4 after birth (P>0.05). The comparison of SCFAs between the two groups showed that the <24 hours group had a significantly higher level of propionic acid than the 24-72 hours group at week 4 (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the total amount of SCFAs and the content of the other SCFAs between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early enteral feeding has no influence on the diversity and abundance of intestinal flora in VLBW infants, but enteral feeding within 24 hours can increase the level of propionic acid, a metabolite of intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Enteral Nutrition/methods , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Propionates , Prospective Studies
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1396-1401, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924767

ABSTRACT

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is an important regulatory factor of cell proliferation and metastasis, involved in the occurrence and development of a variety of malignant tumors, and it is one of the hot spots in the research of targeted anti-tumor drugs. Our group screened a novel benzobis (imidazole) structure small molecule compound LZJ541 through the screening model of Janus kinase (JAK)/STAT3 pathway inhibitors, which has definite STAT3 inhibitory activity. We examined the effect of LZJ541 on the proliferation of HepG2 and PC-3 cells by MTT assay in vitro, detected the effect of LZJ541 on the expression of STAT3-related proteins in HepG2 cells by Western blot, and measured the effect of LZJ541 on the apoptosis and cell cycle arrest of HepG2 cells via flow cytometry. The results indicated that LZJ541 significantly inhibited the activation of STAT3 signaling pathway and restrained the proliferation of HepG2 cells. Its half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) was 13.8 μmol·L-1, which was much lower than that of PC-3 cells (with low STAT3 expression, IC50: 41.99 μmol·L-1), LZJ541 can also inhibit the phosphorylation of STAT3 in HepG2 cells, thereby inducing apoptosis and cycle arrest and then exerting anti-tumor effects. In conclusion, LZJ541 has a certain anti-tumor effect in vitro, which provides an experimental basis for the development of new STAT3-targeted anti-tumor drugs around this kind of compounds.

17.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 919-924, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957315

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of 18F-PSMA PET/CT-derived prostate specific membrane antigen(PSMA)expression parameters, including maximum standardize uptake value(SUV max), PSMA receptor expressing tumor volume(PSMA-TV), and total lesion PSMA receptor expression(TL-PSMA), in predicting the risk of metastasis in elderly prostate cancer patients aged 60 years and older. Methods:Clinical data of 39 patients with prostate cancer diagnosed in our hospital from January 2019 to May 2021 and imaging data of 18F-PSMA PET/CT before treatment were analyzed retrospectively.PSMA-TV and TL-PSMA of primary tumor tissue were calculated from PET/CT images with 40% of the SUV max as the threshold value.The influence of 18F-PSMA PET/CT on clinical TNM staging was evaluated.The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the differences in values of various indicators between the groups with or without metastasis, including the total prostate-specific antigen(tPSA)level, Gleason score and PSMA expression parameters.The correlation of PSMA expression parameters with tPSA and Gleason score was analyzed.The area under the receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve(AUC)was used to determine the predictive ability of different indicators for the risk of prostate cancer metastasis, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen for independent predictors of prostate cancer metastasis. Results:The Gleason score of 39 prostate cancer patients(median age: 67 years, age range: 60-83 years)was 7.0(7.0, 8.0), and the median prostate specific antigen(PSA)level was 14.83(7.37, 30.93)μg/L.There were 11 cases(28.2%)with metastasis(the metastasis group), and 28 cases(71.8%)without metastasis(the non-metastasis group). Based on PET/CT, the clinical N and M stages of five patients(12.8%)were changed, but two cases(5.1%)with pelvic lymph node metastasis were missed.The median ages of the metastasis group and the non-metastasis group were 63(60-79)years and 69(60-83)years, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant( P=0.115). The metastasis group and the non-metastasis group had tPSA levels at 54.0(9.9, 75.8)μg/L and 10.2(6.8, 22.8)μg/L, the SUV max at 29.1(16.8, 35.3)and 7.7(6.0, 13.6), the PSMA-TV at 41.5(22.4, 90.9)cm 3 and 6.8(3.6, 9.3)cm 3, TL-PSMA at 279(139.7, 996.4)and 25.5(15.9, 37.0), Gleason scores at 8.0(7.0, 8.0)and 7.0(7.0, 8.0), respectively.There were statistically significant differences in tPSA( Z=-2.528, P=0.011), SUV max( Z=-4.151, P<0.001), PSMA-TV( Z=-3.995, P<0.001)and TL-PSMA( Z=-4.213, P<0.001)between the two groups.SUV max( r=0.537, P<0.01), PSMA-TV( r=0.496, P<0.01)and TL-PSMA( r=0.508, P<0.01)were all positively correlated with tPSA.Furthermore, SUV max( r=0.547, P<0.01), PSMA-TV( r=0.412, P<0.01)and TL-PSMA( r=0.433, P<0.01)were also positively correlated with Gleason score.ROC curve analysis showed that the AUCs of SUV max, PSMA-TV, TL-PSMA and tPSA in predicting prostate cancer metastasis were 0.932, 0.916, 0.938 and 0.763, respectively.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that SUV max( OR=1.203, 95% CI: 1.001-1.445, P=0.049)was an independent predictor of prostate cancer metastasis. Conclusions:These PSMA expression parameters of 18F-PSMA PET/CT have a good value in predicting the risk of metastasis in elderly prostate cancer patients, and SUV maxmay serve as a potential molecular imaging indicator to independently predict prostate cancer metastasis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1225-1233, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955240

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of preoperative abdominal adipose tissue measurement for early recurrence after resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 238 patients with HCC who underwent surgical resection from January 2018 to January 2020 in 2 medical centers in China were collected, including 46 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University and 192 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University. There were 207 males and 31 females, aged 51(48,65)years. All patients underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before surgery. Observation indicators: (1) measure-ment of abdominal adipose tissue; (2) follow-up; (3) analysis of influencing factors for early recurrence after resection of HCC; (4) prediction of early recurrence after resection of HCC. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examinations and telephone interview to detect the postoperative survival of patients up to February 2022. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was performed by the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution was represented by M(range) or M( Q1, Q3), and comparison between groups was performed by the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percen-tages, and the chi-square test was used for comparison between groups. Univariate analysis was conducted using the corresponding statistical methods based on data type. Multivariate analysis was performed using the Logistic regression model advance method. The receiver operating characteristic curve was drawn, and the area under curve was used to evaluate the efficacy. Results:(1) Measure-ment of abdominal adipose tissue. Of the 238 patients, the total abdominal adipose tissue, visceral adipose tissue, subcutaneous adipose tissue, total adipose tissue index, visceral adipose tissue index, subcutaneous adipose tissue index were 292(198,355)cm 2, 153(99,194)cm 2, 128(95,154)cm 2, 106(76,130)cm 2/m 2, (57±27)cm 2/m 2, 46(34,58)cm 2/m 2 for 139 patients with early postoperative recur-rence, versus 174(114,251)cm 2, 78(50,110)cm 2, 88(55,127)cm 2, 64(42,91)cm 2/m 2, (30±16)cm 2/m 2, 31(19,46) cm 2/m 2 for 99 patients without early recurrence, respectively, showing significant diffe-rences between them ( Z=?7.39, ?7.87, ?5.03, ?7.25, t=?9.46, Z=?5.00, P<0.05). (2) Follow-up. All the 238 patients were followed up according to the plan. The survival time of 238 patients was 26(8,44)months. The survival time was 11(5,18)months for patients with postoperative early recur-rence, versus 36(32,43)months for patients without early recurrence, respectively. (3) Analysis of influencing factors for early recurrence after resection of HCC. Results of univariate analysis showed that body mass index, total adipose tissue, visceral adipose tissue, subcutaneous adipose tissue, total adipose tissue index, visceral adipose tissue index and subcutaneous adipose tissue index were related factors for early recurrence after resection of HCC ( t=?5.88, Z=?7.39, ?7.87, ?5.03, ?7.25, t=?9.46, Z=?5.00, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that visceral adipose tissue index was an independent influencing factor for early recurrence after resection of HCC ( odds ratio=1.06, 95% confidence interval as 1.04?1.08, P<0.05). (4) Prediction of early recurrence after resection of HCC. According to the results of multivariate analysis, the receiver operating characteris-tic curve showed that the area under curve of visceral adipose tissue index was 0.80 (95% confidence interval as 0.75?0.86, P<0.05), with the sensitivity and specificity as 75.5% and 71.7%. Conclusions:Visceral adipose tissue index is an independent influencing factor for early recurrence after resection of HCC. The risk of early recurrence increases with the increase of visceral adipose tissue index.

19.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1215-1220, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954457

ABSTRACT

Germany owns the largest herbal market in Europe and has the world's leading R&D capabilities for herbal medicine products. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) spreaded to Germany hundreds of years ago. Since the beginning of the 20th century, China and Germany have signed a series of agreements to support traditional medicine cooperation, and the exchange of herbs between China and Germany has become more frequent, bringing opportunities for CHM to enter into Germany. In recent years, China and Germany have gained progress in the fields of CHM research and trade, etc. However, there are differences in the understanding of herbal medicines, quality standard evaluation, usage, and medication rules between the two countries. By doing SWOT analysis of the development of CHM in Germany, this paper suggested to promote Sino-German medical exchanges and build a community of common health for mankind through strengthening the clinical application of CHM, finding new ways of CHM entering into German market, and building an international talent team of traditional Chinese medicine.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 34-41, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940515

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish an evaluation method for mitochondrial energy metabolism with Seahorse analyzer and investigate the protective effect of Yiqi Jiedu prescriptions (YQ) on mitochondria in rat adrenal pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells against hypoxia injury. MethodThe PC12 cell injury model was induced in vitro using hypoxic chambers. Five groups were set up, ie, a control group, a model group (model), high- (25 µmol·L-1), medium- (5 µmol·L-1) and low-dose (1 µmol·L-1) YQ groups, and a positive drug trimetazidine (TMZ) group, with three replicate wells in each group. The experiment was repeated three times. The established method for energy metabolism analysis was used to assay the activity of mitochondrial complex in cells and screen the optimal dosing concentration. Subsequently, the YQ group and modified YQ groups were set up, and the aerobic respiration and glycolysis function were assayed by the Seahorse analyzer. According to the non-mitochondrial oxygen consumption, proton leakage, basal respiration, maximum respiration, ATP production, and potentially improved respiration, the effects of modified YQ groups on the aerobic respiration of mitochondria damaged by hypoxia were evaluated by principal component analysis (PCA) and variable importance in projection (VIP). The expression of cytochrome C, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) was detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the groups of other concentrations, the optimal dosing concentration of carbonyl cyanide-4 (trifluoromethoxy)phenylhydrazone (FCCP) was 2 µmol·L-1. Compared with the model group, the medium-dose YQ group showed enhanced mitochondrial complex activity (P<0.05). The YQ groups were superior to the model group in improvement (P<0.01). The combination of ginsenoside and geniposide showed the optimal effect among the modified YQ groups (P<0.01). VIP analysis revealed that for the improvement of mitochondrial respiratory function, the contribution of geniposide in YQ was the greatest. Compared with the model group, the high-dose YQ group displayed reduced leakage of mitochondrial cytochrome C (P<0.01), decreased expression of Bax protein (P<0.01), and increased expression of Bcl-2 protein (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionA cellular, high-throughput quantitative evaluation method for mitochondrial energy metabolism was established, which demonstrated that YQ could significantly improve the impaired mitochondrial energy metabolism in PC12 cells damaged by hypoxia, and the underlying mechanism might be related to the protection against mitochondrial apoptosis.

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