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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1641-1644, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998792

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between isochronous substitution and BMI, waist circumference (WC), and body fat rate (FAT) among physical activity (PA), sedentary (SB), and sleep (SLP), so as to provide effective measures for obesity control in adolescents.@*Methods@#A total of 193 adolescents aged 12-15 (90 males and 103 females) was randomly selected, and their height, weight, and BMI were measured using routine testing methods from May to August 2022. The PA, SB and SLP of the participants were measured using a 3D accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X+).@*Results@#The arithmetic mean value overestimated SLP (40.8%) and SB (39.6%) to some extent, and underestimated LPA (16.1%) and MVPA (3.5%) to some extent. Based on the ISM at 15 min, MVPA was substituted for other activity, BMI Z decreased by 0.17-0.22 units, WC Z decreased by 0.16-0.20 units, and FAT Z decreased by 0.17-0.22 units. The substitution between MVPA and for other activity exhibited significant asymmetry. The effects of MVPA substitutions for SB was the largest, followed by the effects of MVPA substitutions for SLP, and the effects of MVPA substitutions for LPA was the lowest. As MVPA substitutions for other behaviors, it reached its maximum (0.06-0.08 units ) when the MVPA time increased by 5 minutes.@*Conclusions@#MVPA plays an irreplaceable role in the control of adolescent obesity . While reducing SB time, MVPA duration should be increased to ensure that the daily MVPA duration is not less than 55 minutes in order to effectively control obesity.

2.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 135-145, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970301

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study investigated how the natural phytophenol and potent SIRT1 activator resveratrol (RSV) regulate necroptosis during Vibrio vulnificus (V. vulnificus)-induced sepsis and the potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#The effect of RSV on V. vulnificus cytolysin (VVC)-induced necroptosis was analyzed in vitro using CCK-8 and Western blot assays. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, western blot, and immunohistochemistry and survival analyses were performed to elucidate the effect and mechanism of RSV on necroptosis in a V. vulnificus-induced sepsis mouse model.@*RESULTS@#RSV relieved necroptosis induced by VVC in RAW264.7 and MLE12 cells. RSV also inhibited the inflammatory response, had a protective effect on histopathological changes, and reduced the expression level of the necroptosis indicator pMLKL in peritoneal macrophages, lung, spleen, and liver tissues of V. vulnificus-induced septic mice in vivo. Pretreatment with RSV downregulated the mRNA of the necroptosis indicator and protein expression in peritoneal macrophages and tissues of V. vulnificus-induced septic mice. RSV also improved the survival of V. vulnificus-induced septic mice.@*CONCLUSION@#Our findings collectively demonstrate that RSV prevented V. vulnificus-induced sepsis by attenuating necroptosis, highlighting its potency in the clinical management of V. vulnificus-induced sepsis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Necroptosis , Resveratrol/therapeutic use , Vibrio vulnificus , Sepsis/drug therapy , Blotting, Western
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 345-351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969997

ABSTRACT

The development status of the first 11 inheritance studios of acupuncture and moxibustion academic schools is summarized. Aiming at the current problems, it is suggested to establish qualitative and quantitative evaluation standards and establish a fair and reasonable evaluation system, build a systematic scientific theory and excavate the inherent laws of the schools, implement standardized management of the schools and protect the personalized characteristics of the schools, open outpatient clinic of acupuncture and moxibustion schools and promote the characteristic diagnosis and treatment technology, to promote the inheritance and development of acupuncture and moxibustion academic schools.


Subject(s)
Moxibustion , Acupuncture Therapy , Schools
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 217-222, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969975

ABSTRACT

Qilu acupuncture and moxibustion has promoted the formation and development of traditional Chinese medicine, which has a special historical position. By systematically collecting, sorting out and summarizing the characteristic acupuncture methods and academic ideas of several Qilu acupuncturists since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the understanding of the advantages and characteristics of Qilu modern acupuncture methods is deepened, aiming to exploring the inheritance and development pattern of Qilu acupuncture methods in the new era.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Acupuncture , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , China
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 138-145, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969816

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of rigosertib (RGS) combined with classic chemotherapy drugs including 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan in colorectal cancer. Methods: Explore the synergy effects of RGS and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), oxaliplatin (OXA), and irinotecan (IRI) on colorectal cancer by subcutaneously transplanted tumor models of mice. The mice were randomly divided into control group, RGS group, 5-FU group, OXA group, IRI group, 5-FU+ RGS group, OXA+ RGS group and IRI+ RGS group. The synergy effects of RGS and OXA on KRAS mutant colorectal cancer cell lines in vitro was detected by CCK-8. Ki-67 immunohistochemistry and TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining were performed on the mouse tumor tissue sections, and the extracted tumor tissue was analyzed by western blot. The blood samples of mice after chemotherapy and RGS treatment were collected, blood routine and liver and kidney function analysis were conducted, and H&E staining on liver sections was performed to observe the side effects of chemotherapy and RGS. Results: The subcutaneously transplanted tumor models were established successfully in all groups. 55 days after administration, the fold change of tumor size of OXA+ RGS group was 37.019±8.634, which is significantly smaller than 77.571±15.387 of RGS group (P=0.029) and 92.500±13.279 of OXA group (P=0.008). Immunohistochemical staining showed that the Ki-67 index of tumor tissue in control group, OXA group, RGS group and OXA+ RGS group were (100.0±16.8)%, (35.6±11.3)%, (54.5±18.1)% and (15.4±3.9)%, respectively. The Ki-67 index of OXA+ RGS group was significantly lower than that in control group (P=0.014), but there was no significant difference compared to OXA group and RGS group (OXA: P=0.549; RGS: P=0.218). TUNEL fluorescence staining showed that the apoptotic level of OXA+ RGS group was 3.878±0.547, which was significantly higher than 1.515±0.442 of OXA group (P=0.005) and 1.966±0.261 of RGS group (P=0.008). Western blot showed that the expressions of apoptosis related proteins such as cleaved-PARP, cleaved-caspase 3 and cleaved-caspase 8 in the tumor tissues of mice in the OXA+ RGS group were higher than those in control group, OXA group and RGS group. After the mice received RGS combined with chemotherapy drugs, there was no significant effect on liver and kidney function indexes, but the combined use of oxaliplatin and RGS significantly reduced the white blood cells [(0.385±0.215)×10(9)/L vs (5.598±0.605)×10(9)/L, P<0.001] and hemoglobin[(56.000±24.000)g/L vs (153.333±2.231)g/L, P=0.001] of the mice. RGS, chemotherapy combined with RGS and chemotherapy alone did not significantly increase the damage to liver cells. Conclusions: The combination of RGS and oxaliplatin has a stronger anti-tumor effect on KRAS mutant colorectal cancer. RGS single agent will not cause significant bone marrow suppression and hepatorenal injury in mice, but its side effects may increase correspondingly after combined with chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Fluorouracil/pharmacology , Irinotecan/therapeutic use , Ki-67 Antigen , Oxaliplatin , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/therapeutic use
6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 55-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of primary and secondary pancreatic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) . Methods: Clinical data of patients with pancreatic DLBCL admitted at Shanghai Rui Jin Hospital affiliated with Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from April 2003 to June 2020 were analyzed. Gene mutation profiles were evaluated by targeted sequencing (55 lymphoma-related genes). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to evaluate the prognostic factors of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) . Results: Overall, 80 patients were included; 12 patients had primary pancreatic DLBCL (PPDLBCL), and 68 patients had secondary pancreatic DLBCL (SPDLBCL). Compared with those with PPDLBCL, patients with SPDLBCL had a higher number of affected extranodal sites (P<0.001) and had higher IPI scores (P=0.013). There was no significant difference in the OS (P=0.120) and PFS (P=0.067) between the two groups. Multivariate analysis indicated that IPI intermediate-high/high risk (P=0.025) and double expressor (DE) (P=0.017) were independent adverse prognostic factors of OS in patients with pancreatic DLBCL. IPI intermediate-high/high risk (P=0.021) was an independent adverse prognostic factor of PFS in patients with pancreatic DLBCL. Targeted sequencing of 29 patients showed that the mutation frequency of PIM1, SGK1, BTG2, FAS, MYC, and MYD88 in patients with pancreatic DLBCL were all >20%. PIM1 (P=0.006 for OS, P=0.032 for PFS) and MYD88 (P=0.001 for OS, P=0.017 for PFS) mutations were associated with poor OS and PFS in patients with SPDLBCL. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the OS and PFS between patients with PPDLBCL and those with SPDLBCL. IPI intermediate-high/high risk and DE were adverse prognostic factors of pancreatic DLBCL. PIM1, SGK1, BTG2, FAS, MYC, and MYD88 were common mutations in pancreatic DLBCL. PIM1 and MYD88 mutations indicated worse prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 , Disease-Free Survival , Retrospective Studies , China/epidemiology , Prognosis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Pancreas/pathology , Immediate-Early Proteins/therapeutic use , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 183-191, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969614

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo rapidly identify the chemical constituents in Tongxie Yaofang decoction by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-linear ion trap-electrostatic field orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry(UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS). MethodChromatographic conditions were ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm), mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) for gradient elution (0-4 min, 5%-15%B; 4-10 min, 15%-25%B; 10-15 min, 25%-60%B; 15-20 min, 60%-90%B; 20-25 min, 90%-100%B; 25-27 min, 100%B; 27-30 min, 100%-5%B; 30-32 min, 5%B), flow rate of 0.3 mL·min-1, column temperature at 35 ℃ and injection volume of 3 μL. UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS was equipped with an electrospray ionization(ESI), the MS and MS/MS data were collected in positive and negative ion modes, and detection range was m/z 100-1 250. Combining the reference substance, chemical databases and related literature information, TraceFinder 4.1 and Xcalibur 2.1 were used to identify the chemical constituents of Tongxie Yaofang decoction. ResultA total of 90 compounds, mainly including flavonoids, coumarins, monoterpene glycosides, chromones and lactones, were identified from Tongxie Yaofang decoction. By attributing the sources of Chinese medicines for all identified compounds, 9 of them were found to be derived from Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, 21 from Paeoniae Radix Alba, 24 from Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, 29 from Saposhnikoviae Radix, and 7 from at least two Chinese medicines. ConclusionThe method can effectively, quickly and comprehensively identify the chemical components of Tongxie Yaofang decoction, and clarify the chemical composition. These identified compounds cover the main active ingredients of the four herbs with high abundance, which indicates that the extraction method and the ratio of the medicinal materials of Tongxie Yaofang are scientific, and can provide a reference for the research on the material basis and quality evaluation of this famous classical formula.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 370-374, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965861

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the influence of experiential health education on diet control of college students with pre diabetes mellitus, and to provide reference for healthy eating habits promotion among college students.@*Methods@#According to the method of random number table, 78 pre diabetic college students screened from Changzhi Medical College from September 2020 to June 2021 were randomly assigned to observation group and control group (39 students in each group). The control group received routine health education for 10 months, once a week for 1 hour each time; On the basis of the above, the observation group received experiential health education once a week for 1 hour, including diet experience, exercise experience, blood sugar test experience and chronic complications experience. Blood glucose and lipids level, body mass index (BMI), dietary control as well as the stages of change for dietary control behavior were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#There was significant difference between the observation group and the control group in the stages of change for dietary control behavior 10 months after intervention ( χ 2=8.92, P <0.05). The compliance score of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group in the same period 10 months after the intervention ( t =3.74, P <0.01), the score of the knowledge of diet control in the observation group 10 months after intervention was significantly higher than that in the control group ( t =11.51, P <0.05). The levels of BMI, TG and TC in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group at 5 and 10 months after intervention, and the differences were statistically significant ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Experiential health education helps to promote awareness of diabete related knowledge, enhance self management behavior and good diet control habits, and is effective for blood glucose control.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 272-275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995937

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the interleukin-31 protein expression in the hypertrophic scar of incision tissue after surgery and its underlying pathological impact.Methods:From February 2022 to February 2023, three HS patients scar tissue (HS) and their normal skin tissue (Control, NS) were obtained. Two patients were female and one patient was male. The tissues were fixed in 4% formalin and embedded in paraffin. Haematoxylin-eosin (HE) stain and immunohistochemical stain were used to evaluate the epidermal thickness, myofibroblasts of dermis and the expression level of IL-31 between HS and NS.Results:The epidermis thickness was (303.88±46.03) μm in HS group, while (133.02±17.40) μm in NS group ( t=12.60, P<0.001). The expression level of IL-31 protein was measured by IRS score and positive cell density. The IRS score was 9.89±2.03 of the basal layer in HS group and was 4.33±1.66 of the basal layer in NS group. The positive cell density was 786 343.83±159 627.97 of the basal layer in HS group ( P<0.001) and was 555 457.61±128 097.21 of the basal layer in NS group ( P=0.014). In the dermis layer, the IRS score was 7.11±1.05 in HS group and was 4.33±0.71 in NS group, the positive cell density was 156 760.97±26 046.10 in HS group ( P<0.001) and was 49 576.01±52 369.33 in NS group ( P<0.001). In the dermis layer, the count of myofibroblasts was 120.44±15.75 in HS group while was 27.39±14.89 in NS group ( t=23.79, P<0.001). Conclusions:Our study demonstrates that both myofibroblast count and IL-31 protein expression level are notably increased in HS patients. The expression of IL-31 protein is prominent in the cytoplasm of myofibroblasts, basal cells, macrophages and mast cells which could implicate that IL-31 may be a potential therapeutic target to enhance the resolution of HS.

10.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 697-703, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994756

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate Helicobactor pylori (H. pylori) infection status and interfamilial transmission pattern in Zhengzhou area. Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2020 to march 2021, among 731 individual from 266 families randomly selected from 9 communities of Zhengzhou area. H. pylori infection status was determined by serum antibody tests, and 13C-urea breath test was performed in the previously eradicated population to clarify the current infection status. The individual and familial infection rate, infection status for couples and children and adolescent were analyzed. Results:Among 731 individuals from 266 families, 397 of them were H. pylori positive. The individual infection rate was 54.31% (397/731); among infected individuals 77.83% (307/397) were infected with type Ⅰ strain, 22.67% (90/397) were infected by type Ⅱ strain. Annual household income ( χ2=0.419, 0.410, 0.213, all P>0.05), smoking history (χ 2=0.071, P>0.05), drinking history ( χ2=0.071, P>0.05), dining place ( χ2=0.009, P>0.05), gastrointestinal symptoms ( χ2=0.047, P>0.05), family history of gastric disease ( χ2=0.069, P>0.05), and history of gastric cancer ( χ2=0.004, P>0.05) had no significant differences between H. pylori-positive and -negative groups, but the infection rate in individuals with higher education level was lower ( χ2=4.449, P<0.05). The infection rate was significantly higher in≥18 age groups compared with<18 age groups ( χ2=6.531, 23.362, 20.671, 24.244, 37.948, 14.597 and 5.170, all P<0.05). The familial H. pylori infection rate was 87.59% (233/266), and in 61 families all member were infected (26.18%, 61/233). The positive rate was 23.08% (6/26) in 50 families with children under 18 years when both parents were infected. Among 231 coupled families, both couples were infected in 78 families (33.76%), one couple was infected in 113 families (48.92%), and both couples were not infected in 40 (17.32%). With the increase of marriage time, the infection rate of both spouses increased significantly ( χ2=7.775, 12.662, 15.487, all P<0.05). Conclusions:The distribution of H. pylori infection presents a family cluster pattern, and intrafamilial infection is an important transmission rout of H. pylori. The type I strain of H. pylori is the dominate strain in this area.

11.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 274-277, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors for early acute lung injury (ALI) after living-related liver transplantation in pediatric patients and evaluate the value of the risk factors in prediction of ALI.Methods:Perioperative data of patients were obtained through the electronic medical records system. Patients were divided into non-ALI group and ALI group according to whether ALI occurred within the first week after surgery. The risk factors of which P values were less than 0.05 would enter the multiple logistic regression analysis to stratify ALI-related risk factors. Area under the ROC curve was used to analyze the value of the risk factors in prediction of postoperative ALI. Results:A total of 67 patients were enrolled, including 45 cases in non-ALI group and 22 cases in ALI group. Increased intraoperative blood transfusion volume and up-regulated expression of miR-122 and miR-21 were independent risk factors for the occurrence of postoperative ALI ( P<0.05), and the area under the ROC curve (95% confidence interval) of serum miR-122 and miR-21 expression was 0.946 (0.875 to 1.00), with sensitivity and specificity of 95% and 90%, respectively. Conclusions:Increased intraoperative blood transfusion volume and up-regulated expression of serum miR-122 and miR-21 are independent risk factors for early postoperative ALI, and serum miR-122 and miR-21 levels have a high value in prediction of the development of postoperative ALI in pediatric patients undergoing living-related liver transplantation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 18-22, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the practical efficacy of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound(LIPUS)and its effects on hemodynamics in patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris.Methods:As a single-center randomized controlled study, 66 elderly patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris treated at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University between November 2021 and August 2022 were consecutively recruited.Participants were divided into an ultrasound group and a control group via the random number table method, with 33 in each group.Both groups were given conventional drug treatment, and the ultrasound group was supplemented with LIPUS treatment.After 20 sessions of treatment, the clinical efficacy, blood lipid levels, inflammatory factors and hemodynamics from noninvasive monitoring before and after treatment were compared.Results:There were no statistically significant differences in baseline data between the two groups( P>0.05). After treatment, marked effectiveness was seen in 12 cases(36.4%), effectiveness in 18 cases(54.5%), ineffectiveness in 2 cases(6.1%)and aggravation in 1 case(3%)in the ultrasound group, with a total effectiveness rate of 90.9 %.In the control group, marked effectiveness was seen 2 cases(6.1%), effectiveness in 19 cases(57.6%)and ineffectiveness in 9 cases(27.3%), with a total effectiveness rate of 63.6%.Statistically significant favorable results were achieved in the ultrasound treatment group, compared with the control group( P<0.05). Also, compared with the control group, patients in the ultrasound group showed lower total cholesterol[(2.31±1.03)mmol/L vs.(4.36±0.76)mmol/L, P<0.01], decreased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol[(1.24±0.70)mmol/L vs.(1.74±0.44)mmol/L, P<0.01], decreased triglycerides[(1.04±0.40)mmol/L vs.(1.28±0.49)mmol/L, P<0.05], decreased apolipoprotein B[(0.67±0.25)g/L vs.(0.90±0.14)g/L, P<0.01], decreased interleukin-6[(2.87±2.52)ng/L vs.(4.66±3.30)ng/L, P<0.05], and decreased high-sensitivity C-reactive protein[(1.04±1.41)mg/L vs.(3.80±5.78)mg/L, P<0.05]. Concerning hemodynamics, there was an increase in cardiac output[(4.92±1.05)L/min vs.(4.39±0.97)L/min, P<0.05], stroke volume[(75.85±17.50)ml/beat vs.(66.97±15.57)ml/beat, P<0.05], cardiac index[(37.50±7.14)ml·beat -1·m -2vs.(43.29±7.96)ml·beat -1·m -2, P<0.01], and stroke volume index[(3.05±0.45)L/min 2vs.(2.51±0.43)L/min 2, P<0.01], but a decrease in systemic vascular resistance[(1 358.29±325.23)dyne·s -1·cm -5vs.(1 617.94±526.27)dyne·s -1·cm -5, P<0.05], total vascular resistance[(4.07±24.30)% vs.(21.32±31.94)%, P<0.05], and average heart rate[(63.43±7.42)beats/min vs.(69.11±10.89)beats/min, P<0.05]. Conclusions:LIPUS treatment can improve symptoms, blood lipid profiles, inflammatory factors and hemodynamics in patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris.It is a safe and effective adjuvant therapy for elderly patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 444-448, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the value of imaging features of extrapancreatic nerve plexus in predicting early postoperative recurrence of ductal adenocarcinoma of pancreatic head.Methods:The clinical, imaging and pathological data of patients with ductal adenocarcinoma of pancreatic head undergoing pancreati-coduodenectomy at the Hepatobiliary Pancreatic Center of Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, Tsinghua University from January 2014 to April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 73 patients were included, including 51 males and 22 females, aged (66.1±9.0) years old. The patients were followed up by telephone or outpatient review, who were divided into two groups according to the recurrence within 6 months after surgery: the recurrence group ( n=26) and the non-recurrence group ( n=47). Streaks or soft-tissue densities in the distribution area of extrapancreatic nerve plexus, difference in CT values between the portal and arterial phases of the distribution area of extrapancreatic nerve plexus, maximum tumor diameter, and regional lymph node enlargement were compared between the two groups. Results:The incidences of streaks or soft-tissue densities showing in the distribution area of extrapancreatic nerve plexus were 80.8%(21/26) in the recurrence group and 51.1%(24/47) in the non-recurrence group, respectively. A CT value difference ≥15 HU between the portal and arterial phases of the distribution area of extrapancreatic nerve plexus occurred in 50.0%(13/26) patients of the recurrence group and 25.5%(27/47) of the non-recurrence group, respectively. Maximum tumor diameter ≥25 mm were found in 80.8% (21/26) patients of the recurrence group and 57.4% (27/47) of the non-recurrence group, respectively. ≥3 reginal lymph node enlargement showed in 65.4% (17/26) patients of the recurrence group and 31.9% (15/47) of the non-recurrence group, respectively (all P<0.05). The risk of early postoperative recurrence increased in patients with a CT value difference ≥15 HU between the portal and arterial phases of the distribution area of extrapancreatic nerve plexus ( OR=3.609, 95% CI: 1.099-11.855), and regional lymph node enlargement ≥ 3 ( OR=4.665, 95% CI: 1.400-15.545) (all P<0.05). And these two independent risk factors were combined to predict early postoperative recurrence of ductal adenocarcinoma of pancreatic head with an area under receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.748, sensitivity of 92.3%, and specificity of 48.9% ( P<0.001). Conclusion:≥ 15 HU CT value difference between the portal and arterial phases of the distribution area of extrapancreatic nerve plexus and ≥ 3 regional lymph node enlargement are independent risk factors for the early postoperative recurrence of pancreatic head ductal adenocarcinoma, which could provide more predictive information preoperatively.

14.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 523-527, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991779

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of Yupingfeng granule combined with cetirizine in the treatment of allergic rhinitis and its effects on serum inflammatory factor level. Methods:A total of 162 patients with allergic rhinitis admitted to Zhejiang Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine from January 2021 to March 2022 were included in this prospective controlled study. They were randomly divided into a control group and an observation group ( n = 81/group). The control group was treated with cetirizine and the observation group was treated with Yupingfeng granule combined with cetirizine. All patients were treated for 4 weeks. Clinical efficacy was compared between the two groups after 4 weeks of treatment. Main symptom score, nasal function indexes (total nasal airway resistance, nasal minimal cross-sectional area, and 0-5 cm nasal cavity volume), levels of inflammatory factors (interleukin-4, interleukin-6, and interleukin-10), and Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire scores were compared between the two groups before and after 4 weeks of treatment. Results:Total response rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [92.59% (75/81) vs. 79.01% (64/81), χ2 = 6.13, P < 0.05]. After 4 weeks of treatment, the scores of nasal congestion, nasal itching, and sneezing in the observation group were (0.63 ± 0.20) points, (0.70 ± 0.21) points, and (0.54 ± 0.17) points, which were significantly lower than (1.07 ± 0.23) points, (1.08 ± 0.24) points, and (0.89 ± 0.22) points in the control group ( t = 12.99, 10.72, 11.33, all P < 0.05). After 4 weeks of treatment, total nasal airway resistance in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(0.17 ± 0.05) kPa·s -1·L -1vs. (0.26 ± 0.06) kPa·s -1·L -1, t = 10.37, P < 0.05]. Nasal minimal cross-sectional area and 0-5 cm nasal cavity volume in the observation group were (0.94 ± 0.17) cm 2 and (9.74 ± 0.89) cm 3, respectively, which were significantly higher than (0.76 ± 0.10) cm 2 and (8.43 ± 0.78) cm 3 in the control group ( t = 8.21, 9.96, both P < 0.05). After 4 weeks of treatment, serum levels of interleukin-4 and interleukin-6 in the observation group were (67.79 ± 9.94) ng/L and (6.74 ± 1.42) ng/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than (104.31 ± 14.45) ng/L and (10.29 ± 2.56) ng/L in the control group ( t = 18.74, 10.91, both P < 0.05). Serum level of interleukin-10 in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(17.97 ± 2.54) ng/L vs. (12.48 ± 2.46) ng/L, t = 13.97, P < 0.05]. After 4 weeks of treatment, Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire score in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(27.43 ± 8.82) points vs. (38.95 ± 7.76) points, t = 8.82, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Yupingfeng granule combined with cetirizine is highly effective on allergic rhinitis. The combined therapy can reduce clinical symptoms and inflammatory reactions, improve nasal function, and thereby improve quality of life.

15.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 419-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990769

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the current status of critical neonatal care centers (CNCC) construction and treatment of critically-ill neonates at city- and county-level in Henan Province.Methods:A questionnaire survey was conducted in January 2022 to city- and county-level CNCC in Henan Province. The basic information of CNCC, ward settings, neonatal management in the Department of Obstetrics and the treatment of critically-ill neonates in 2019-2021 were analyzed.Results:A total of 188 questionnaires were sent and 183 (97.3%) eligible questionnaires were analyzed, including 30 from city centers and 153 from county centers. The bed occupancy rate in county centers was significantly lower than city centers (67.3%±24.1% vs. 86.1%±23.2%), and the doctor/bed ratio, doctor/rescue bed ratio and nurse/rescue bed ratio were significantly higher than city centers ( P<0.05). All city centers had set up independent Department of Neonatology and the number is 92.8% (142/153) in county center. For 80.9% (148/183) centers, neonates were managed in the Department of Obstetrics with consultations and referrals to the Department of Pediatrics and 19.1% (35/183) were managed in the Department of Pediatrics/Neonatology. The average number of deliveries and admissions to the Department of Neonatology in both city and county centers decreased year on year during 2019-2021, but the proportion of premature and low/very low birth weight infants treated in these centers increased year on year. During 2019-2021, the top three diseases treated at the city centers were neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, neonatal asphyxia and acute respiratory distress syndrome, while the top three diseases treated at the county centers were neonatal asphyxia, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome and meconium aspiration syndrome. The incidence of sudden infant death syndrome in city and county centers was (10~30)/100,000. Conclusions:The construction of CNCC in Henan Province is facing challenges such as decreased hospital admissions, increased critically-ill neonates, insufficient cooperation between Obstetrics and Pediatrics and waste of resources. Rationally allocated and optimised use of resources to improve the ability to treat critically-ill neonates is warranted.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 272-277, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990753

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in preterm infants using arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Methods:From September 2021 to June 2022, preterm infants (gestational age ≤32 weeks, birth weight ≤1 500 g) admitted to NICU of our hospital within 24 h after birth were randomly assigned into rhEPO group and control group for this prospective study. The rhEPO group was given rhEPO (500 IU/kg iv, once every other day for 2 weeks) within 72 h after birth plus symptomatic supportive treatment. The control group received same amount of normal saline injection. Both groups received brain MRI, diffusion-weighted imaging and ASL at adjusted gestational age of 35~37 weeks and CBF values of interested areas were measured.Results:A total of 85 infants were enrolled, including 40 in the rhEPO group and 45 in the control group. No significant differences existed in the incidences of periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, focal white matter injury and extensive white matter injury between the two groups ( P>0.05). The CBF values [ml/(100 g·min)] of frontal cortex [left 15.1±3.9 vs. 17.9±3.1, right 15.9 (12.5, 17.8) vs. 18.1(16.1,20.2)], temporal cortex [left 15.8±4.3 vs. 18.6±3.8, right 16.3(13.2,19.4) vs. 18.1(15.7,19.7)], occipital cortex (left 15.8±6.1 vs. 18.8±3.3, right 16.8±5.5 vs. 19.3±4.8), basal ganglia (left 24.7±7.2 vs. 28.7±6.2, right 26.0±7.9 vs. 29.3±6.4) and thalamus (left 32.7±11.8 vs. 37.9±8.6, right 32.1±11.6 vs. 37.6±10.2) in the rhEPO group were significantly lower than the control group ( P<0.05). No significant differences existed of CBF value at the parietal cortex between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Early application of rhEPO can reduce CBF in premature infants, which may be related to the neuro-protective effects of EPO.

17.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 8-11, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical and genetic features of neonatal Smith-Kingsmore syndrome (SKS).Methods:The clinical data of a newborn with SKS admitted to our hospital in November 2021 were reviewed. Using "Smith-Kingsmore", "rapamycin gene", "newborn", "premature infant", "the mammalian target of rapamycin", "MTOR", "mTOR", "Smith-Kingsmore syndrome", "megalencephaly", "macrocephaly" and "hemimegalencephaly" as keywords, databases including CNKI, Wanfang Database, VIP database, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library were searched from the date of establishment to January 1, 2022. The clinical and genetic features of neonatal SKS from published literature were summarized.Results:The case admitted to our hospital was a male preterm infant. The presenting symptoms were groan and hypotonia. The facial abnormalities included macrocrania, ocular hypertelorism, depressed nasal bridge and low-set ears. Brain MRI showed lateral ventricle enlargement. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) showed mTOR gene nonsense heterozygous mutation (NM_004958.4:c.7255G>A:p.Glu2419Lys). Neither father nor mother had any pathogenic gene mutations. The infant had seizure at 2-month and phenobarbital was effective reducing seizure. Gross motor delay was present at 3-month. Sixteen related articles were retrieved, including eight articles with 10 neonatal cases. Among them, 6 cases were male. The main clinical features were megalencephaly or hemimegalencephaly (9/10), facial developmental malformation (8/10), hypotonia (6/10), large-for-gestational age (LGA) infants (5/10), cerebral ventricle dilation (4/10) and abnormal corpus callosum (4/10). All the gene mutations were missense mutations, including c.5395G>A(p.Glu1799Lys) mutation in 5 cases, c.4448G>T(p.Cys1483Phe) mutation in 1 case, c.4448G>T(p.Cys1483Tyr) mutation in 1 case, c.7235A>T(p.Asp2412Val) mutation in 1 case, c.5663T>G(p.Phe1888Cys) mutation in 1 case, c.5390C>T(p.Thr1799IIe) mutation in 1 case.Conclusions:The clinical phenotypes of neonatal SKS are diverse, including megalencephaly, facial malformation, LGA and hypotonia. The brain MR findings included (hemi) megalencephaly, cerebral ventricle dilation and corpus callosum hypoplasia. Most of the gene mutations are missense mutations and c.5395G>A(p.Glu1799Lys) is the hotspot.

18.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 18-21, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988947

ABSTRACT

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a highly heterogeneous disease with numerous subtypes, and the overall prognosis is poor, especially in relapsed/refractory patients, and the patients are generally older with limited treatment options that can be tolerated. At the 64th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting in 2022, studies on relapsed/refractory PTCL include the combination of epigenetic agents or combination of immune checkpoint inhibitors, CD30 antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) brentuximab vedotin combined with chemotherapy, targeted drugs PI3K inhibitors and JAK1 inhibitors, etc., providing more choices and opportunities for relapsed/refractory patients.

19.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 533-540, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007936

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate possible cross-talk genes, associated pathways, and transcription factors between chronic periodontitis (CP) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).@*METHODS@#The gene expression profiles of CP (GSE10334 and GSE16134) and COPD (GSE76925) were downloaded from the GEO database. Differential expression and functional clustering analyses were performed. The protein‑protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed. The core cross-talk genes were filtered using four topological analysis algorithms and modular segmentation. Then, functional clustering analysis was performed again.@*RESULTS@#GSE10334 detected 164 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) (119 upregulated and 45 downregulated). GSE16134 identified 208 DEGs (154 upregulated and 54 downregulated). GSE76925 identified 1 408 DEGs (557 upregulated and 851 downregulated). The PPI network included 21 nodes and 20 edges. The final screening included seven cross-talk genes: CD79A, FCRLA, CD19, IRF4, CD27, SELL, and CXCL13. Relevant pathways included primary immunodeficiency, the B-cell receptor signaling pathway, and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study indicates the probability of shared pathophysiology between CP and COPD, and their cross-talk genes, associated pathways, and transcription factors may offer novel concepts for future mechanistic investigations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chronic Periodontitis/genetics , Gene Regulatory Networks , Gene Expression Profiling , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/genetics
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3710-3714, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004646

ABSTRACT

Three new anthraquinones were isolated from the 80% ethanol extract of Prismatomeris tetrandra by silica gel, MCI, ODS column chromatography and high performance preparative liquid chromatography (HPLC). The structures of the new compounds were identified by mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance and other spectroscopic methods as 6-hydroxy-1,2,3-trimethoxy-7-methylanthracene-9,10-dione (1), 6-(hydroxymethyl)-1,2,3-trimethoxyanthracene-9,10-dione (2) and 7-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-1,2-dimethoxyanthracene-9,10-dione (3). Compounds 1, 2 and 3 showed protective effects against monosodium glutamate-induced damage in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells, with the cell survival rates elevated 18.45%, 4.31%, and 7.65%, respectively.

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