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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1004-1024, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927759

ABSTRACT

Triterpenoid saponins are widely used in medicine, health cares, cosmetics, food additives and agriculture because of their unique chemical properties and rich pharmacological activities. UDP-dependent glycosyltransferases (UGTs) are the key enzymes involved in triterpenoid saponin biosynthesis, and play important roles in the diversity of triterpenoid saponin structures and pharmacological activities. This review summarized the UGTs involved in plant triterpenoid saponin biosynthesis based on the sources of UGTs and the types of receptors. Moreover, the application of UGTs in heterologous biosynthesis of triterpenoid saponins based on synthetic biology was also discussed.


Subject(s)
Glycosyltransferases/genetics , Plants , Saponins/chemistry , Triterpenes
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of SUN 's abdominal acupuncture and conventional acupuncture in the treatment of depression after methamphetamine withdrawal.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 female patients with depression after methamphetamine withdrawal were randomly divided into an observation group (40 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (40 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The control group was treated with conventional acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Taichong (LR 3), Shenmen (HT 7), Neiguan (PC 6), Danzhong (GV 17), and the observation group was treated with SUN 's abdominal acupuncture at area 1 of the abdomen and area 8 of the abdomen. Both groups were treated once a day, 30 min each time, 6 days as a course of treatment, 1 day rest between treatment courses, a total of 4 courses of treatment. The scores of withdrawal symptoms, Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scale and serum serotonin (5-HT) level were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of withdrawal symptoms, HAMD and the various scores and total score of PSQI scale in the two groups were all lower than before treatment (P<0.01), and the scores of withdrawal symptoms, HAMD and the sleep quality, time to fall asleep, sleep time scores and total score of PSQI in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). After treatment, the serum 5-HT level of the two groups was increased (P<0.01), and that in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#SUN 's abdominal acupuncture can improve withdrawal symptom, depression and sleep quality, increase serum 5-HT content in treatment of depression after methamphetamine withdrawal, and has better effect than conventional acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression/therapy , Female , Humans , Methamphetamine/adverse effects , Sleep Quality , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/therapy , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921917

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of individualized controllable stress external fixator in the treatment of open tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#From December 2018 to July 2020, 60 patients with open tibial fractures were treated, including 35 males and 25 females;The age ranged from 23 to 58 years;The course of disease was 1.2 to 10.0 h. According to the stress stimulation on the fracture end after operation, all patients were divided into 4 groups, including non stress group (15 cases) and 3 groups with different stress stimulation(15 cases in each group). All patients with open tibial fractures were treated with controllable stress external fixator. Four weeks after operation, the stress group adjusted the elastic external fixator to apply axial stress of 1/6, 2/6 and 3/6 of their own weight to the fracture end based on the patient's weight. The wound healing of all patients after operation was observed, the plain CT images of fracture ends at 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks after operation were followed up, the average valueof callus area per 10 scanning planes was calculated, and the differences between the groups were compared. The fracture healing was observed and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The wounds of all patients healed well, of which 7 patients underwent secondary free skin grafting and transferred myocutaneous flap. All patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months, with an average of 16.5 months. The final follow-up results showed that the fracture healing of stress groups and non stress group had significant difference(@*CONCLUSION@#When the controllable stress external fixation technique is used to treat open tibial fractures, the elastic external fixator is adjusted according to the patient's own weight after 4 weeks, and a certain axial stress is applied to the fracture end, which is conducive to the fracture healing of patients, and can reduce the incidence of delayed union or nonunion of open fractures, which has a certain application value.


Subject(s)
Adult , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1029-1035, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) with the involvement of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca@*METHODS@#Thirty SPF-ranked SD rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, an EA group, an aconitine group and an EA plus aconitine group, with 6 rats in each group. The rat model of acute heart failure was established by infusion of high-dose propranolol hydrochloride solution into the right femoral vein. After stabilized for 10 min in the modeled rats, EA was exerted at "Neiguan" (PC 6), with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency, 3 mA in intensity, for 30 min in the EA group and the EA plus aconitine group; aconitine solution (10 μg/kg) was injected from the left femoral veins in the rats in the aconitine group and the EA plus aconitine group. Hemodynamic indexes such as the left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) and the maximum rate of increase/decrease of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dt@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, LVSP and ±dp/dt@*CONCLUSION@#The intervention with electroacupuncture achieves the synergism/ attenuation effect of aconitine for the improvements in heart failure probably by up-regulating the expression of SERCA2a and down-regulating the expression of PLB in myocardial tissue.


Subject(s)
Aconitine , Animals , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Electroacupuncture , Heart Failure/therapy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912396

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drugs combined with retinal laser photocoagulation and anti-VEGF drugs alone in the treatment of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) combined with macular edema (ME).Methods:A evidence-based medicine study. Retinal vein occlusion (obstruction), macular edema, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor, bevacizumab, ranibizumab, conbercept, aflibercept, and retinal laser photocoagulation were the Chinese and English search terms. Related literature was searched in China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, Weipu, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library. RVO combined with ME was selected as the research object, and the treatment plan was a clinical randomized controlled study comparing intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs combined with laser photocoagulation and anti-VEGF drugs alone. The search time range was from January 2011 to February 2021. Repeated, incomplete or irrelevant literature, case reports and review literature were excluded. Review Manager 5.4 statistical software was used to conduct a meta-analysis of the literature. The weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval ( CI) were selected as the estimated value of effect size, and the fixed effect model was used for analysis. The evaluation indicators were best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), center macular thickness (CMT), and the number of injections. Results:According to the search strategy, 461 articles were initially retrieved, and 21 articles were finally included for meta-analysis. A total of 1156 patients were enrolled, of which 576 were treated with anti-VEGF drugs combined with laser photocoagulation (combined treatment group), and 580 were treated with anti-VEGF drugs alone (drug treatment group). Meta-analysis results showed that there was no statistically significant difference in BCVA and CMT between the drug treatment group and the combination treatment group at 6, 9, and 12 months after treatment (BCVA: WMD =-0.82, 95% CI -2.38-0.74, P=0.30; CMT: WMD=-3.12, 95% CI -17.25-11.01, P=0.67). For patients with branch retinal vein occlusion and ME, combined therapy can reduce the number of injections more effectively than drug therapy alone ( WMD=-0.80, 95% CI -1.18--0.42, Z=4.10, P <0.000 1). Conclusion:Compared with pure intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs, combined retinal laser photocoagulation can not better improve BCVA and CMT in patients with RVO and ME. For patients with branch retinal vein occlusion and ME, combined retinal laser photocoagulation can effectively reduce the resistance. The number of VEGF injections.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911699

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnosis and treatment of pure red cell aplastic anemia (PRCA) caused by parvovirus B19 (HPV-B19)infection after liver transplantation (LT).Methods:Three adult PRCA patients caused by parvovirus B19 infection after LT were reviewed retrospectively.The relevant literatures were collected to sort out the detection methods and treatment of parvovirus B19 infection after LT.Results:All three patients received liver transplantation due to end-stage liver disease with massive intraoperative blood transfusion and smooth postoperative recovery.Severe anemia occurred at 1-2 Months after discharge.Hemorrhagic anemia was excluded after re-admission and PRCA was diagnosed by bone marrow aspiration and next generation sequencing (NGS). After tapering the intensity of immunosuppressive therapy, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) was administered for 7-10 days and hemoglobin soon normalized.A review of 15 recent literatures on HPV-B19 infection after LT revealed that the diagnosis and treatment of parvovirus B19 infection after LT gradually were became same.Conclusions:HPV-B19 infection causes PRCA after LT in adults.Diagnosing with NGS, intravenous injection of immunoglobulin and modification of immunosuppressant regimen may achieve excellent therapeutic efficacies.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887747

ABSTRACT

Malocclusion is one of the three most common oral diseases reported by World Health Organization(WHO). In China, its incidence rate is rising. Malocclusion seriously affects the dental and maxillofacial function, facial appearance and growth development of nearly 260 million children in China, and what is more, it affects their physical and mental health development. Malocclusion occurrence is related to genetic and environmental factors. Early treatment of malocclusion can create a good dental and maxillofacial development environment, correct abnormal growth and control the adverse effects of abnormal genetic factors. It can effectively reduce the prevalence of children's malocclusion and enhance their physical and mental health. This is an urgent need from the economic perspective of our society, so it has great practical and social significance. Experts from the project group "standard diagnose and treatment protocols for early orthodontic intervention of malocclusions of children" which initiated by China National Health Institute of Hospital Administration wrote the "China Experts' Consensus on Preventive and Interceptive Orthodontic Treatments of Malocclusions of Children", which aims to guide and popularize the clinical practice, improve the clinical theory and practice level, and accelerate the disciplinary development of early treatment of children's malocclusion in China. The consensus elaborates the harmfulness of malocclusion and the necessity of early treatment, and brings up the principles and fundamental contents. Based on the law of dental and maxillofacial development, this paper puts forward the guiding suggestions of preventive and interceptive treatments in different stages of dental development ranging from fetus to early permanent dentition. It is a systematic project to promote and standardize the early treatment of malocclusion. Through scientific and comprehensive stratified clinical practice and professional training, the clinical system of early treatment of malocclusion in China will eventually be perfected, so as to comprehensively care for children's dental and maxillofacial health, and improve their oral and physical health in China.


Subject(s)
Child , China/epidemiology , Consensus , Dental Care , Humans , Malocclusion/prevention & control , Orthodontics, Interceptive
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880516

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of different acupuncture manipulations on Deqi sensations and surface myoelectricity, and explore the correlation between Deqi sensations and needling manipulations.@*METHODS@#Forty-five healthy participants accepted twirling, lifting-thrusting, and twirling plus lifting-thrusting manipulanions at right Zusanli (ST 36), respectively. The acupuncturist's and participants' Deqi sensations were collected by MGH Acupuncture Sensation Scale (MASS). The intensity and occurrence rate of soreness, dull pain, pressure, heaviness, fullness, numbness, sharp pain, warmth, coolness, and throbbing feelings of participants, and tightness, smooth, and tangle feelings of acupuncturist were measured. The correlation between the acupuncturist's and participant's Deqi sensations was analyzed. Surface electromyogram (EMG) were recorded before, during and after needling in 30 participants. The integrated EMG (iEMG), mean power frequency (MPF) and media frequency (MF) were analyzed.@*RESULT@#Both fullness and soreness of participants and tightness of acupuncturist were the most frequently occurred ones. A positive correlation between participants' fullness and acupuncturist's tightness was observed during the three aforementioned needling manipulations (P1). Almost all the needling sensations measured in the present study could be induced by the three needling manipulations. However, strength of Deqi sensations was exhibited as lifting-thrusting > twirling plus lifting-thrusting > twirling according to MASS index. The iEMG values were increased and MPF, MF values were decreased during needling compaired to those before needling, especially during lifting-thrusting (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The intensity and occurrence rate of the different Deqi sensations induced by different needling manipulations were basically similar. The fullness and soreness were both the most frequently induced Deqi sensations. The strongest Deqi sensation could be induced by lifting-thrusting manipulation. There is a positive correlation between participants' fullness and acupuncturist's tightness during the three needling manipulations. The myoelectricity around the acupoint is related to Deqi responses. (Registration No. AMCTR-IOR-20000314).

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878433

ABSTRACT

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has developed rapidly in basic and clinical research, and its therapeutic prospects have received increasing attention. PDT has the advantages of minimally invasive, low toxicity, high selectivity, good reproducibility, protection of appearance and vital organ function, and has become a treatment. With the development of medicine, the field of application of PDT becomes more wildly, and brings a new direction for the treatment of oral diseases. This article reviews the basic principles, treatment elements and research results of PDT in the treatment of oral diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Diseases/drug therapy , Photochemotherapy , Photosensitizing Agents/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878416

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most frequent tumour in head and neck malignant. The current treatment is mainly based on surgery therapy, radiation therapy and chemical therapy. Meanwhile, there are many a defect in the treatment. For example, there are many defects in radiotherapy. Radioactive salivatitis is the most common. In addition, there are a series of changes such as dry mouth, oral mucositis, rampant dental caries, and radioactive osteomyelitis of jaw, which cause swallowing, chewing problems, and taste dysfunction. Currently, the research on radioactive salivatitis is progressing rapidly, but its mechanism is more complication. This paper review aims to summarize the research progress in this field.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Dental Caries , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Radiation Injuries , Salivary Glands , Xerostomia/etiology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910627

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the predictive value of systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and tumor diameter on microvascular invasion (MVI) in patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), with an aim to establish a preoperative prediction model.Methods:The clinical data of 283 patients who underwent hepatectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from September 2017 to September 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. In the 283 patients with HCC who were included into this study, 249 were males and 34 were females, aged (53.7±11.0) years. Using postoperative pathology findings, these patients were divided into two groups: the MVI negative group ( n=140) and the MVI positive group ( n=143). Correlation between MVI and related indicators was analyzed using logistic regression analysis. The prediction model of MVI was then established by selecting independent risk factors. Univariate and multivariate analysis of recurrence-free survival (RFS) were performed using the Cox proportional hazards regression model. Results:Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that AFP>400 ng/ml ( OR=2.304, 95% CI: 1.329-3.995, P=0.003), SII>376.30×10 9/L ( OR=2.249, 95% CI: 1.299-3.894, P=0.004) and tumor diameter>5 cm ( OR=2.728, 95% CI: 1.587-4.687, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for MVI. The Cox proportional hazards regression model showed that AFP ( HR=1.663, 95% CI: 1.063-2.602, P=0.026) and SII ( HR=1.851, 95% CI: 1.173-2.920, P=0.008) were independent risk factors for RFS in HCC patients. The sensitivity and specificity of the model based on SII, AFP and tumor diameter were 59.4% and 75.7%, respectively. Conclusions:SII, AFP and tumor diameter were closely related to occurrence of MVI in patients with HCC. AFP and SII were independent prognostic factors of RFS. This prediction model has certain predictive values for occurrence of MVI and prognosis of HCC patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1547-1551, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829325

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Understanding mental health status of students with learning disabilities in Beijing to provide a basis for mental health promotion of students with learning disabilities.@*Methods@#By means of random cluster sampling, 5 787 enrolled students in grade one and grade two of 11 public junior middle schools in Beijing were selected as the survey subjects. A self designed questionnaire was used to investigate the students’ learning disabilities and mental health status through anonymous self filling.@*Results@#About 11.6% students self reported learning disabilities. The proportions of students with learning difficulty in mathematical reasoning and calculation were higher, 44.1% and 40.7% respectively. The reported rate of mental health problems was 38.3%. The top four of the 10 symptoms were obsessive compulsive symptoms, learning pressure, emotional instability and anxiety(2.19±0.77)(2.17±0.99)(2.09±0.90)(2.07±1.08). Compared with students without learning disabilities, students with self reported learning disabilities had poorer mental health status(OR=1.47), and learning disabilities were related to most factors of mental health. Different types of learning disabilities were associated with different mental health factors.@*Conclusion@#Mental health problems of students with learning disabilities are higher than that of students without learning disabilities. It is necessary to strengthen the mental health support for students with learning disabilities and improve their mental health.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826731

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of acupuncture (acupuncture for regulating the spirit) on restless leg syndrome and its concomitance symptoms of sleep disorder and anxiety, and to provide theoretical basis for the clinical application of acupuncture.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. Conventional acupuncture at lower limbs' acupoints such as Zusanli (ST 36), Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Xuanzhong (GB 39) was applied in the control group. On the basis of the control group, acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24) and Benshen (GB 13) was added in the observation group. In both groups, the treatment was given once a day, 6 times a week, one week as a course and totally 3 courses were required. Scores of international restless leg syndrome rating scale (IRLS), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) were observed before and after treatment in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, scores of IRLS, PSQI and HAMA after treatment were decreased in both groups (<0.05), and the improvement in the observation group was superior to the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional acupuncture, acupuncture can effectively relieve the discomforts of the lower limbs in patients with restless leg syndrome, improve the sleep disorder and anxiety, which is better than conventional acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Anxiety , Therapeutics , Humans , Restless Legs Syndrome , Therapeutics , Sleep Wake Disorders , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775873

ABSTRACT

Acupuncture sensation, as one of the essential signs of (arrival of ), is closely associated with curative effect. With systematically reviewing the literature regarding relationship between acupuncture sensations of and different organizational structures of acupoint area (skin, connective tissue, muscles, nerves and blood vessels), it is believed that acupuncture sensation of is the product of various organizational structures in acupoint area, which is closely related to the nervous system. The sensations sensed by the hands of acupuncturists, which is called sense of needle stagnation, maybe caused by the contraction of muscles in the acupoint area during the process of needle manipulation. By system review, this paper puts forward a new research idea to explore the role of different manipulations of needling in generating the sense of -generating needle based on different acupoint structure and brain function response system, which could provide some reference for clarifying the scientific mechanism and clinical application of acupuncture sensations of .


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Needles , Sensation
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1796-1801, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802699

ABSTRACT

Background@#Recent genome-wide association studies have identified an important role of T-cell receptor α (TRA) gene in the development of narcolepsy type 1. However, the role of TRA haplotype polymorphisms in the symptomatic diversity of narcolepsy remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether TRA polymorphisms can influence the symptomatic diversity of narcolepsy.@*Methods@#Totally, 903 patients with narcolepsy type 1 were included in the study. Patients were divided into different groups according to their symptoms. First, 13 genotyped single nucleotide polymorphisms in the TRA were assessed for their association with symptoms of narcolepsy. We used the Chi-square test to determine differences in genotype frequencies in patients with narcolepsy. Further, we identified the haplotypes and variations of the TRA and tested their association with the symptoms of narcolepsy using a logistic regression model.@*Results@#According to the results of the logistic regression, TRA haplotypes TG and CT were significantly associated with auditory hallucination, with odds ratios of 1.235 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.012–1.507) and 1.236 (95% CI, 1.012–1.511), respectively (P < 0.05).@*Conclusions@#The patterns of haplotype in TRA (haplotypes TG and CT) are associated with hypnagogic auditory hallucination in patients with narcolepsy type 1. However, further studies are needed to confirm our results and explore the underlying mechanisms.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754412

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of portal vein stenting combined with 125I particle strand implantation followed by drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) and molecular-targeted therapy for the treatment of stageⅢa liv-er cancer lacking a blood supply. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 11 patients who had stageⅢa liver cancer lacking a blood sup-ply combined with portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) was conducted from October 2016 to October 2018. All the patients under-went portal vein stenting combined with 125I particle strand implantation, DEB-TACE, and comprehensive treatment containing molecu-lar-targeted drugs. During the follow-up period, all patients were evaluated for stent patency after the implantation and tumor re-sponse after DEB-TACE treatment. The liver function and blood routine changes before and 1 month after the surgery were completed, and the complications were summarized. Results: All 11 patients were judged as stageⅢa liver cancer based on the Chinese staging criteria (2017), Child-Pugh classification grade A and B. The imaging findings indicated that these tumors were hypovascular. The maxi-mum diameter of these lesions was (8.4±4.1) (2.8-14.1) cm, and all patients had PVTT. Among them, there were 4 cases of Cheng's typeⅡand 7 cases of typeⅢ: 6 cases of main PVTT≥50% and 1 case of PVTT<50%. All patients underwent portal vein stenting com-bined with 125I particle strand implantation, DEB-TACE, and comprehensive treatment containing molecular-targeted drugs. Three and 6 months after stent implantation, the patency rate was 100%; 3 months after DEB-TACE treatment, complete response was achieved in 4 (36.4%) patients, partial response was achieved in 5 (45.5%) patients, and stable disease was achieved in 2 (18.2%) patients. No patients exhibited progressive disease. Therefore, the objective response rate was 81.8% and disease control rate was 100%. As for the liver and kidney function and blood routine tests, there were no significant differences between baseline and 1 month after the sur- gery. In addition, no patient had any serious complication during the perioperative period. Conclusions: For patients with stageⅢa liv-er cancer lacking a blood supply and PVTT, a comprehensive treatment strategy including portal vein stenting combined with 125I parti-cle strand implantation, DEB-TACE, and molecular-targeted therapy can restore portal vein blood flow and maintain mid-and long-term stent patency, while effectively killing tumors and controlling tumor growth, which is a safe and effective treatment strategy.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1796-1801, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774699

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Recent genome-wide association studies have identified an important role of T-cell receptor α (TRA) gene in the development of narcolepsy type 1. However, the role of TRA haplotype polymorphisms in the symptomatic diversity of narcolepsy remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether TRA polymorphisms can influence the symptomatic diversity of narcolepsy.@*METHODS@#Totally, 903 patients with narcolepsy type 1 were included in the study. Patients were divided into different groups according to their symptoms. First, 13 genotyped single nucleotide polymorphisms in the TRA were assessed for their association with symptoms of narcolepsy. We used the Chi-square test to determine differences in genotype frequencies in patients with narcolepsy. Further, we identified the haplotypes and variations of the TRA and tested their association with the symptoms of narcolepsy using a logistic regression model.@*RESULTS@#According to the results of the logistic regression, TRA haplotypes TG and CT were significantly associated with auditory hallucination, with odds ratios of 1.235 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.012-1.507) and 1.236 (95% CI, 1.012-1.511), respectively (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The patterns of haplotype in TRA (haplotypes TG and CT) are associated with hypnagogic auditory hallucination in patients with narcolepsy type 1. However, further studies are needed to confirm our results and explore the underlying mechanisms.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712346

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influential factors of esthetic evaluation of mandibular prominence by orthodontic patients from two dimensions (ideal value and tolerance range).Methods 226 orthodontic patients were investigated by an electronic questionnaire of esthetic evaluation of mandibular prominence.Binary logistic regression was adopted to analyze the influential factors.Results The tolerable boundary value for female mandibular retrognathism was affected by age (OR1.360) and orthodontic history (OR2.849).The tolerable boundary value for female mandibular prognathism and male mandibular retrognathism were found to be affected by orthodontic history (OR2.557 and 2.845,respectively).The tolerable boundary value for male mandibular prognathism was affected by age (OR1.347) and orthodontic history (OR2.310).The ideal value of male mandibular prominence was affected by age (OR1.420).Conclusions Orthodontic patients' esthetic evaluation of mandibular prominence is influenced by age and treatment condition,but not by sex,education level,marital status and personal profile.

19.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 870-874, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709374

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the probability to unify the scores of different neuropsychological scales under the guideline of item response theory (IRT).Methods Two hundred and three old individuals with a mean age of (80.86±9.52) years were enrolled in this study,including 101 normal individuals and 102 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).The data of cognitive ability assessed using MoCA and MMSE scales were collected and analyzed according to IRT with Stata 14.0 software.The population,qualitative data,and scaled data were analyzed by Hybrid model,2PL model,and GRM model,respectively.Finally,model fitting was conducted in these data.We used test characteristic curves(TCC)to calculate corresponding theta values of the scores of MMSE and MoCA,and draw cartograms after fitting the model.Results The data of MoCA and MMSE conformed to the characteristics of unidimension.The scores of MoCA and MMSE were 26.37 ±2.63 and 29.06±1.32,respectively,in the normal group,and those were 21.57±3.47 and 26.62± 2.89,respectively,in the MCI group.The Log likelihood for the fitting model of MoCA and MMSE was-1 670.9012 and-773.9797,respectively.The TCC indicated that the score of MoCA was lower than that of MMSE at the same level of theta value.The TCC of the two scales were both steep at first,and then became flat.In evaluating the cognition ability,the MoCA score was more precise than MMSE score,and MMSE score was easier to show ceiling effect than MoCA score.Conclusions Under the guideline of item response theory,we can unify the scores of two scales in order to make the scores of two scales fit with each other and be in common use during study and research.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1243-1248, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705183

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the expression of CAR-MA3, NF-κB in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and the underlying mechanism of sodium aescinate in inhib-iting the proliferation of human hepatocellular carcino-ma cells. Methods The expression of CARMA3 and NF-κB in HCC tissues were detected by tissue microar-ray immunohistochemistry. MTT was used to determine the effect of sodium aescinate on the proliferation of HCC cells. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytom-etry. The expression of CARMA3, NF-κB protein in HepG2 and Hep3B cells treated with sodium aescinate was detected by Western blot and cell immunofluores-cence. Results Tissue microarray analysis showed that the expression of CARMA3 in HCC was up-regulated compared with the adjacent adjacent liver tissues, and the histopathological differentiation, TNM stage, tumor volume and prognosis were correlated. Sodium aesci-nate in 40 μmol·L-1concentration ( IC50) inhibited the growth of HCC cell lines, promoting its apoptosis, but without toxic effects on normal liver cells. Western blot and cell immunofluorescence detection of sodium aescinate could significantly inhibit the expression of CARMA3 and NF-κB. Conclusion Sodium aescinate can effectively inhibit the proliferation of HCC cells by inhibiting the activation of CARMA3/NF-κB signaling in HCC.

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