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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928562

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the value of bedside echocardiography in predicting persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus during the early postnatal period in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 51 VLBW infants who were admitted from March 2020 to June 2021, with an age of ≤3 days and a length of hospital stay of ≥14 days. According to the diameter of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on days 14 and 28 after birth, the infants were divided into three groups: large PDA group (PDA diameter ≥2 mm), small PDA group (PDA diameter <2 mm), and PDA closure group (PDA diameter =0 mm). The echocardiographic parameters measured at 72 hours after birth were compared among the three groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the value of the echocardiographic parameters in predicting persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus (PDA≥2 mm) at the ages of 14 and 28 days.@*RESULTS@#On day 14 after birth, there were 17 infants in the large PDA group, 11 in the small PDA group, and 23 in the PDA closure group. On day 28 after birth, there were 14 infants in the large PDA group, 9 in the small PDA group, and 26 in the PDA closure group. There were significant differences in gestational age, birth weight, rate of pulmonary surfactant use, and incidence rate of hypotension among the three groups (P<0.05). PDA diameter, end-diastolic velocity of the left pulmonary artery, left ventricular output, and left ventricular output/superior vena cava flow ratio measured at 72 hours after birth were associated with persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus at the ages of 14 and 28 days (P<0.05), and the ratio of the left atrium to aorta diameter was associated with persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus at the age of 28 days (P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve that the PDA diameter measured at 72 hours after birth predicting the persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus at the ages of 14 and 28 days was the largest (0.841 and 0.927 respectively), followed by end-diastolic velocity of the left pulmonary artery, with the area under the curve of 0.793 and 0.833 respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The indicators obtained by beside echocardiography at 72 hours after birth, especially PDA diameter and end-diastolic velocity of the left pulmonary artery, can predict persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus at the ages of 14 and 28 days in VLBW infants, which provides a basis for the implementation of early targeted treatment strategy for PDA.


Subject(s)
Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Retrospective Studies , Vena Cava, Superior
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776698

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features and prognosis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) complicated by pulmonary hypertension (PH) in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 191 preterm infants with BPD.@*RESULTS@#In the 191 preterm infants with BPD, 37 (19.4%), all with moderate or severe BPD, developed PH beyond 36 weeks' corrected age. The incidence rates of PH in infants with moderate and severe BPD were 5.7% (5/87) and 47.8% (32/67) respectively. Gestational age and birth weight were lower in infants with PH than in those without PH (P<0.01). Infants with PH had higher incidence rates of small for gestational age (SGA), severe BPD, surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, hemodynamically significant PDA, and pneumonia than those without PH (P<0.01). Durations of oxygen therapy, intubation, and positive pressure ventilation were longer in infants with PH than in those without PH (P<0.01). Infants with PH had higher incidence rates of retinopathy of prematurity and extrauterine growth retardation, a higher mortality, and a longer length of hospital stay compared with those without PH (P<0.01). In the 37 infants with PH (6 with mild PH, 14 with moderate PH, and 17 with severe PH), those with mild or moderate PH all survived; 15(88%) out of 17 infants with severe PH died.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The incidence of PH is high in preterm infants with moderate or severe BPD. Regular screening of pulmonary artery pressure is recommended for infants with BPD. Infants with low gestational age and birth weight, SGA, and severe BPD are more likely to develop PH. Infants with BPD complicated by PH have relatively high incidence rates of complications, high mortality, and poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Gestational Age , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2652-2658, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230905

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Globally, the proportion of child deaths that occur in the neonatal period remains a high level of 37-41%. Differences of cause in neonate death exist in different regions as well as in different economic development countries. The specific aim of this study was to investigate the causes, characteristics, and differences of death in neonates during hospitalization in the tertiary Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All the dead neonates admitted to 26 NICUs were included between January l, 2011, and December 31, 2011. All the data were collected retrospectively from clinical records by a designed questionnaire. Data collected from each NICU were delivered to the leading institution where the results were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 744 newborns died during the 1-year survey, accounting for 1.2% of all the neonates admitted to 26 NICUs and 37.6% of all the deaths in children under 5 years of age in these hospitals. Preterm neonate death accounted for 59.3% of all the death. The leading causes of death in preterm and term infants were pulmonary disease and infection, respectively. In early neonate period, pulmonary diseases (56.5%) occupied the largest proportion of preterm deaths while infection (27%) and neurologic diseases (22%) were the two main causes of term deaths. In late neonate period, infection was the leading cause of both preterm and term neonate deaths. About two-thirds of neonate death occurred after medical care withdrawal. Of the cases who might survive if receiving continuing treatment, parents' concern about the long-term outcomes was the main reason of medical care withdrawal.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Neonate death still accounts for a high proportion of all the deaths in children under 5 years of age. Our study showed the majority of neonate death occurred in preterm infants. Cause of death varied with the age of death and gestational age. Accurate and prompt evaluation of the long-term outcomes should be carried out to guide the critical decision.</p>


Subject(s)
Cause of Death , China , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Infant , Infant Mortality , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Mortality , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Male , Perinatal Death , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261166

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the factors influencing the prognosis of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 194 VLBW infants who were admitted from January 2012 to December 2014 were enrolled as study subjects. According to cardiac ultrasound findings and treatment outcome, these infants were divided into non-PDA group, spontaneous closure group, pharmaceutical closure group, and surgical closure group. Their clinical and echocardiographic characteristics were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The spontaneous closure rate of PDA was 58.7%. The spontaneous closure group showed significantly higher gestational age, birth weight, and proportion of small-for-gestational-age infants than the pharmaceutical and surgical closure groups (P<0.05). The pharmaceutical and surgical closure groups had a significantly higher incidence rate of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome and a significantly higher proportion of infants who were given pulmonary surfactant (PS) than the spontaneous closure group (P<0.05). During different periods of time, the spontaneous closure group had a significantly smaller ductus arteriosus diameter than the pharmaceutical and surgical closure groups (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that gestational age, application of PS, and ductus arteriosus diameter at 48 hours were significantly associated with the prognosis of PDA. The major transductal flow pattern in the spontaneous closure group was closing pattern, while in the pharmaceutical and surgical closure groups, the main flow patterns were pulmonary hypertension and growing patterns within 48 hours and growing pattern on days 4 and 7.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The VLBW infants have a high spontaneous closure rate of PDA. A decreased closure rate of PDA is associated with the lower gestational age and the application of PS. PDA with a large ductus arteriosus diameter and a growing or pulsatile flow pattern cannot easily achieve spontaneous closure.</p>


Subject(s)
Ductus Arteriosus, Patent , Therapeutics , Echocardiography , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Male , Prognosis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236886

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the Infant Neurological International Battery (Infanib) as a screening tool for early detection of gross motor developmental delay in preterm infants discharged from NICU, and to predict their later neuromotor dysfunction (cerebral palsy or motor retardation).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A cohort of preterm infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between June 2008 and March 2010 were enrolled in the study. Infanib assessment was performed at corrected age 3-4 months and 6-7 months. Peabody Developmental Motor scale-2 (PDMS-2) and neuro-examinations were used to confirm the last motor retardation. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of the Infanib were calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 147 preterm infants were participated in this study, and 129 infants were followed up at correct age 12 months or more than 12 months. Eleven (8.5%) had celebral palsy, 28 (21.7%) had motor retardation, and 90 (69.8%) normal mortor development. The predictive validity of the Infanib at correct age 3-4 months (n=14) was: sensitivity 84.6%, specificity 75.6%, positive predictive value 60.0% and negative predictive value 91.9%. The predictive validity of the Infanib at correct age 6-7 months (n=117) was: sensitivity 100%, specificity 91.7%, positive predictive value 82.5% and negative predictive value 100%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The Infanib can be used as an appropriate screening tool and validity measurement for early detection of gross motor developmental delay in preterm infants.</p>


Subject(s)
Child Development , Cohort Studies , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Physiology , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Motor Activity
6.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 614-620, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275673

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the diagnostic value of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) in predicting outcome of newborns who were at high risk for central nervous system without severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-two consecutive patients at risks for neurological disorders referred to our level-III NICU were prospectively enrolled in the study over a period of 3 years. They were classified on the basis of their primary diagnoses including hypoglycemic brain damage, meningoencephalitis, bilirubin encephalopathy, and metabolic disease. Clinical data were collected. Amplitude-integrated and raw EEG tracings were assessed for background pattern, sleep-wake cycling, and epileptiform activity. The neuromotor development of survivors was assessed by using the Infant Neurological International Battery (INFANIB).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The characteristic of aEEG tracings in 42 infants showed continuous normal voltage (CNV)(n = 15), discontinuous voltage (DC)(n = 9), burst-suppression (BS) BS(+) (n = 6), BS(-)(n = 7), flat (FT, n = 5); mature sleep-wake cycling (SWC, n = 4), immature SWC (n = 14), no SWC (n = 24); 30 infants (71.4%) had electrical seizures: single seizure (n = 6); repetitive seizures (n = 7), and status epilepticus (SE) (n = 17).aEEG of 20 infants who had poor outcome showed FT (n = 5), BS(-)/SE (n = 6), BS(-)/ repetitive seizures (n = 1) , BS(+)/SE (n = 1), BS(+)/repetitive seizures (n = 1), DC/SE(n = 6). Chi-square analysis and Spearman rank correlation analysis showed the classification of aEEG background pattern, SWC and comprehensive score (score system was developed by evaluation of the above 3 variables) were correlated with the outcome of these infants at high neurological risks.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography can provide important information of the status of cerebral function in neonates at high neurological risk and help to predict their outcome.</p>


Subject(s)
Brain , Physiology , Brain Injuries , Diagnosis , Electroencephalography , Methods , Epilepsy , Diagnosis , Humans , Hypoglycemia , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Kernicterus , Diagnosis , Meningoencephalitis , Diagnosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Sleep , Physiology
7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 413-417, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269144

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and major risk factors of peripartum thromboembolic disease in different regions of Guangdong province.Methods Data from 169 218pregnant women in different regions of Guangdong province from January 2005 to June 2010 were analyzed retrospectively.The prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of thromboembolic disease during pregnancy or puerperium were investigated.Results Of the studied population,( 1 )20 l cases ( 1.3‰ ) suffered from thromboembolic disease during pregnancy or puerperium including 128 cases of deep vein thrombosis (DVT),68 cases of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) and 5pulmonary embolism,the prevalence rates were 0.8‰,0.4‰,and 0.02‰ respectively.(2) Risk factors in different regions showed that,in the Pearl River Delta area,the major risk factors for DVT would include previous or family history of thrombosis,pregnancy complications,with medically involved diseases,prolonged bed rest and pregnancy weight gain > 15 kg etc.While in castern,western,northern parts of Guangdong,the major risk factors for DVT would include pregnancy weight gain > 15 kg,prolonged bed rest,preeclampsia,cesarean section and complications during pregnancy.In Pearl River Delta region,the major risk factors for CVT would include eclampsia,preeclampsia,pregnancy complications,prolonged bed rest >3 days,past history or family history of thrombosis.While eclampsia,preeclampsia,advanced age or younger age,pregnancy weight gain >15 kg,complications during pregnancy were the major risk factors for CVT in the eastern,western or northem parts of Guangdong.Conclusion Prevalence and major risk factors of peripartum thromboembolic disease in different regions of Guangdong were different.It was crucial to take effective measures in pregnant women with different epidemiological characteristics and risk factors to prevent and reduce the incidence of peripartum thromboembolic disease.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 199-202, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286131

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical features and influential factors of parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis (PNAC) in preterm infants.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A total of 159 infants with birth weight less than 2000 grams and/or gestational age less than 34 weeks were exposed to parenteral nutrition for longer than 14 days in NICU during the period from July 2007 to June 2009. Of these infants, 40 cases who had PNAC were aligned into the PNAC group, and the other 119 cases without PNAC were aligned into the non-PNAC group. PNAC occurring time, duration, the degree of PNAC and hepatic injury were observed. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the correlative factors of PNAC.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>PNAC occurred about (3.3 ± 1.6) weeks after beginning PN, usually lasted for (13.3 ± 5.4) weeks. The maximum direct bilirubin was (135.2 ± 65.5) µmol/L. Of the PNAC patients, 73.7% suffered from hepatic injury. Hepatic injury usually occurred (6.6 ± 3.0) weeks after beginning PN, and lasted for (9.5 ± 5.4) weeks. The highest alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was (121.5 ± 48.4) U/L. The logistic regression of the possible correlative factors showed that time to start enteric feeding, persistence time of PN, asphyxia, small for gestational age, intracranial hemorrhage, were related to PNAC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The prognosis of PNAC was good. Early enteral feeding, shorter time of PN, avoidance of the complications such as asphyxia and sepsis, were the important measures to lower PNAC.</p>


Subject(s)
Cholestasis , Diagnosis , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Parenteral Nutrition
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the differences of metabolic footprint in the conditioned culture medium of placental explants between early-onset and late-onset severe preeclampsia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In 13 cases of early-onset severe preeclampsia and 14 cases of late-onset severe preeclampsia, the placentas were sampled at the surface of the maternal placenta. High performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) was used to determine the differences in the metabolites in the conditioned culture medium of the placental villous explants cultured in 6% atmospheric O(2) for 96 h. Standard samples were used to establish the tryptophan and kynurenine chromatography library by HPLC-MS to analyze the concentration of tryptophan and kynurenine in the conditioned culture medium.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty-six metabolites showed statistically significant differences between early-onset and late-onset severe preeclampsia (P<0.05). The concentration of kynurenine was significantly higher in early-onset severe preeclampsia than in late-onset severe preeclampsia (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Early-onset and late-onset severe preeclampsia may have different pathogeneses. By detecting the concentration of metabolites, metabolomic strategies provide a new means for predicting the onset time of severe preeclampsia.</p>


Subject(s)
Chorionic Villi , Metabolism , Culture Media, Conditioned , Chemistry , Female , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Kynurenine , Metabolism , Ornithine , Metabolism , Placenta , Metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia , Metabolism , Pregnancy , Tryptophan , Metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283151

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the role of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia (PRE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirteen normal and 20 PRE late-pregnancy women were enrolled in this study. The serum PDGF-BB levels were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the expression of PDGF-B mRNA in the decidual blood vessel was determined using in situ hybridization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PDGF-BB levels in PRE group was significantly higher than that in normal pregnant women (83.54 -/+34.52 vs 39.61-/+18.20, P<0.001), and the expression of PDGF-B mRNA in decidual blood vessel was also significantly higher in PRE group (P<0.001), showing a positive correlation between serum PDGF and PDGF-B mRNA expression (r=0.603, P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PDGF is associated with the pathology of decidual blood vessel. Elevated serum PDGF levels and PDGF-B mRNA expression in the decidual blood vessel may play an important role in the pathogenesis of PRE.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Decidua , Female , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Genetics , Metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia , Blood , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Pregnancy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism
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