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Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1199-1208, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878101


BACKGROUND@#For patients with B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), many variables have been demonstrated to be associated with leukemia relapse. In this study, we attempted to establish a risk score system to predict transplant outcomes more precisely in patients with B-ALL after allo-SCT.@*METHODS@#A total of 477 patients with B-ALL who underwent allo-SCT at Peking University People's Hospital from December 2010 to December 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective study. We aimed to evaluate the factors associated with transplant outcomes after allo-SCT, and establish a risk score to identify patients with different probabilities of relapse. The univariate and multivariate analyses were performed with the Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent variables.@*RESULTS@#All patients achieved neutrophil engraftment, and 95.4% of patients achieved platelet engraftment. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), and non-relapse mortality were 20.7%, 70.4%, 65.6%, and 13.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with positive post-transplantation minimal residual disease (MRD), transplanted beyond the first complete remission (≥CR2), and without chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) had higher CIR (P  < 0.001, P = 0.004, and P  < 0.001, respectively) and worse LFS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.017, and P  < 0.001, respectively), and OS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.009, and P  < 0.001, respectively) than patients without MRD after transplantation, transplanted in CR1, and with cGVHD. A risk score for predicting relapse was formulated with the three above variables. The 5-year relapse rates were 6.3%, 16.6%, 55.9%, and 81.8% for patients with scores of 0, 1, 2, and 3 (P  < 0.001), respectively, while the 5-year LFS and OS values decreased with increasing risk score.@*CONCLUSION@#This new risk score system might stratify patients with different risks of relapse, which could guide treatment.

B-Lymphocytes , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stem Cell Transplantation
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2808-2816, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772917


Background@#Several studies have shown that detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an independent prognostic factor. This study aimed to evaluate the significance of dynamic MRD pretransplantation on outcome of AML patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 145 consecutive AML patients undergoing allo-HSCT in complete remission status between June 2013 and June 2016. MRD was determined with multiparameter flow cytometry after the first and second courses of chemotherapy and pre-HSCT.@*Results@#In matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) settings, patients with positive MRD had higher cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) than those without MRD after the first (32.3 ± 9.7% vs. 7.7 ± 3.1%, χ = 3.661, P = 0.055) or second course of chemotherapy (57.1 ± 3.6% vs. 12.5 ± 2.7%, χ = 8.759, P = 0.003) or pre-HSCT (50.0 ± 9.7% vs. 23.0 ± 3.2%, χ = 5.547, P = 0.019). In haploidentical SCT (haplo-SCT) settings, the MRD status at those timepoints had no significant impact on clinical outcomes. However, patients with persistent positive MRD from chemotherapy to pre-HSCT had higher CIR than those without persistent positive MRD both in MSDT and haplo-SCT settings. Patients with persistent positive MRD underwent MSDT had the highest relapse incidence, followed by those with persistent positive MRD underwent haplo-SCT, those without persistent MRD underwent haplo-SCT, and those without persistent MRD underwent MSDT (66.7 ± 9.2% vs. 38.5 ± 6.0% vs. 18.8 ± 8.7% vs. 12.0 ± 1.0%, χ = 20.763, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that persistent positive MRD before transplantation was associated with higher CIR (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.69, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.200-2.382, P = 0.003), worse leukemia-free survival (HR = 1.812, 95% CI: 1.168-2.812, P = 0.008), and overall survival (HR = 2.354, 95% CI: 1.528-3.627, P < 0.001).@*Conclusion@#Our results suggest that persistent positive MRD before transplantation, rather than positive MRD at single timepoint, could predict poor outcome both in MSDT and haplo-SCT settings.

Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Pathology , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm, Residual , Diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276871


The study was aimed to establish a new method of preparation of human placenta factor (PF) and to determine its physic-chemical properties, as well as effects on lymphocytes in vitro. PF was prepared by ultrafiltration. The contents and molecular weight of all constitutions were determined by Bradford method and SDS-PAGE, respectively. Cyclosporin A (CsA) was served as positive control, normal saline (NS) was used as negative control. PHA-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation and mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) were detected with MTT assay. The expression of CD69 on T cells was analyzed by flow cytometry. Cytotoxicity of natural killer (NK) cells against K562 tumor cells was examined with LDH release assay. The results indicated that PF was determined to be a group of low molecular weight polypeptides, consisting of two major components whose molecular weight were 9.187 and 4.794 kD respectively. The contents of PF were 5.7 - 6.9 mg/g fresh placenta. PF had similar suppressive effects on PHA-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation and MLR in vitro as compared with CsA (P > 0.05). Both PF and CsA could downregulate the expression of CD69 on T cells which had been stimulated by PMA plus ionomycin (PF vs CsA, P > 0.05). The cytotoxicity of NK cells against K562 cells in PF group was slightly higher or equivalent as compared with that in NS group (P > 0.05), but the cytotoxicity in CsA group was much lower than that in NS group (P < 0.05). It is concluded that a new method of preparation of PF has been established. This study first demonstrates that PF has strong immunosuppressive effects on T cell in vitro, and suppresses T cell proliferation and activation induced by mitogen and alloantigen. This study indicats that PF has no any inhibitory effects, but even enhances the cytotoxicity of NK cells against K562 tumor cells. These results suggest that PF may have suppressive effects on graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) without diminishing graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effects. Therefore, PF may probably be an ideal and promising agent against GVHD.

Cyclosporine , Pharmacology , Ferritins , Allergy and Immunology , Graft vs Host Disease , Metabolism , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Allergy and Immunology , K562 Cells , Killer Cells, Natural , Allergy and Immunology , Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology