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China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 334-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927975


Fingerprints of 18 batches of substance benchmark of Shentong Zhuyu Decoction(SZD) were established by UPLC under the following conditions: Waters Sun Fire C_(18) column(3.0 mm×150 mm, 3.5 μm), column temperature of 35 ℃, gradient elution with mobile phase of acetonitrile(A)-0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution(B) at the flow rate of 0.4 mL·min~(-1), and detection by wavelength switching. A total of 16 common peaks were identified. The similarities among the fingerprints were calculated by Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(2012 Edition) and the result showed they were in the range of 0.911-0.988. Based on the 16 common peaks, cluster analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA), and partial least square discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) all categorized the 18 batches of samples into two groups(S1, S2, S5-S8, S14, and S17 in one group, and S1, S2, S5-S8, S14, and S17 in another), and 11 most influential components were screened. Five known components with great difference among samples(hydroxysafflor yellow A, ferulic acid, benzoic acid, ecdysone, and ammonium glycyrrhizinate) were determined. The combination of multi-component content determination and fingerprints can reflect the overall cha-racteristics of the primary standards of SZD, which is simple, feasible, reproducible, and stable. This study can serve as a reference for the quality control of the primary standards of SZD.

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/standards , Quality Control
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 837-847, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779665


Over the past four decades, monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) have evolved from bioscience research tools to powerful biopharmaceutical MAbs products for multiple diseases treatment. More than 50 therapeutic MAbs have been approved by FDA, widely used in cancer, autoimmune diseases and other diseases in current market. This article reviews the current progress of MAbs development technology, key molecules for cancer-targeted therapy and immunotherapy, and emphasizes the importance of MAbs for disease diagnosis and treatment.

China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1473-1478, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300245


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the reverse effect of Yinchenhao decoction(YCHD) in dimethyl nitrosamine (DMN)-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The rat hepatic fibrosis model was established through the intraperitoneal injection with 1% dimethyl nitrosamine (DMN) with a dose of 1.0 mL x kg(-1) x d(-1) for consecutively three weeks, once for the first three days of each. The rats were randomly divided into six groups: the silymarin positive control group (50.0 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1), YCHD high (20.0 g x kg(-1) d(-1)), middle (8.0 g x kg(-1) x d(-1)) and low (3.2 g x kg(-1) x d(-1)) dose groups, the model group and the normal control group. The model group and the normal control group were orally administered with normal saline for consecutively five weeks. The pathologic changes in liver tissues were observed by HE staining. The levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), g-glutamyltransferase (g-GGT), hyaluronic acid (HA), laminin (LN), collagen type IV (CIV) and type III procollagen amino terminal peptide (PIIINP) in serum were determined. The metabolite profiling of amino acid and the content of hydroxyproline in liver tissues were also measured.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the model group, YCHD high and middle dose groups could significantly reverse the pathologic changes in liver tissues of rats. YCHD could reduce the levels of ALT, AST, gamma-GGT, HA, LN, CIV, PIIINP in serum and the content of hydroxyproline in liver tissues in a dose-dependent manner, and altered the metabolite profiling of amino acid in rat liver tissues.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>YCHD has the effect in reversing dimethyl nitrosamine induced hepatic fibrosis in rats.</p>

Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Alanine Transaminase , Metabolism , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Metabolism , Collagen Type IV , Metabolism , Dimethylnitrosamine , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hydroxyproline , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis , Drug Therapy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 854-860, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253553


<p><b>AIM</b>To analyze and compare the compositions in essential oils from branches and leaves of Rhododendron simsii Planch. and Rhododendron naamkwanense Merr.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Essential oils were extracted by water distillation according to Chinese Pharmacopoeia and analyzed by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry as well as chemometrics resolution method and authentic compounds. The relative contents of each component in the essential oils were obtained by normalization of peak areas.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 124 components were identified, of which 48 compounds were existed in both of the samples. Ninety four compounds accounted for 84.47% of the essential oil from Rhododendron simsii Planch. and seventy eight components accounted for 90.25% of the total essential oil from Rhododendron naamkwanense Merr. were identified. 72.76% and 88.07% of the components in Rhododendron simsii Planch and Rhododendron naamkwanense Merr., respectively, included oxygen element. They are mainly terpenol, acids and esters. 1-octen-3-ol (4.00%, 7.90%), 1,6-octadien-3-ol, 3,7-dimethyl-(12.60%, 3.48%), 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid, [Z, Z, Z]- (1.15%, 45.34%), phytol (15.21%, 8.56%), p-menth-1-en-8-ol (2.15%, 3.29%), and 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid, ethyl ester, [Z,Z,Z]- (9.16%, 8.01%) were their common main compounds, which accounted for 44. 27% and 76.58% of the total amount of the two essential oil samples, respectively. In addition, n-hexadecanoic acid (7.73%), 9,12-octadecadienoic acid (1.85%) and tetracosanoic acid, methyl ester (1.38%) were also the main compounds in essential oil from Rhododendron simsii Planch.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Much higher reliability and accuracy were obtained with the help of chemometrics resolution method and authentic n-alkane standard solutions than those of using GC-MS alone.</p>

Linoleic Acid , Octanols , Oils, Volatile , Chemistry , Palmitic Acid , Phytol , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Oils , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Classification , Rhododendron , Chemistry , Classification , Terpenes