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Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1488-1493, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906601


@#Objective    To investigate the multidisciplinary management of patients with acute type A aortic dissection in late pregnancy. Methods    The clinical data of 3 patients admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from 2018 to 2019 were analyzed. Their age ranged from 27 to 32 years, while gestational age was 34-37 weeks. Sudden chest pain was the main clinical symptom before operation. All 3 patients underwent Bentall surgery after cesarean section under general anesthesia, of whom 2 patients received total arch replacement (TAR) combined with frozen elephant trunk (FET) implantation and 1 received coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) additionally. Results    No patient died during the perioperative period, and all the newborns were delivered successfully and survived healthily. The ICU stay was 3-5 d. The postoperative hospital stay was 15-18 d. The follow-up was 250-751 d. There was no recurrence or death. One patient who developed spontaneous pneumothorax and hydropneumothorax was cured in our center. Conclusion    The multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment strategy plays a crucial role in saving the life of pregnant patients with acute type A aortic dissection.

Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 352-359, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742548


PURPOSE: Previous studies have confirmed that microRNAs play important roles in the pathogenesis of acute aortic dissection (AAD). Here, we aimed to explore the role of miR-145 and its regulatory mechanism in the pathogenesis of AAD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AAD tissue samples were harvested from patients with aortic dissection and normal donors. Rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were transfected with miR-145 mimic/inhibitor or negative control mimic/inhibitor. Gene and protein expression was measured in human aortic dissection tissue specimens and VSMCs by qRT-PCR and Western blot. Luciferase reporter assay was applied to verify whether connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) was a direct target of miR-145 in VSMCs. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay was used to detect VSMC viability. RESULTS: miR-145 expression was downregulated in aortic dissection tissues and was associated with the survival of patients with AAD. Overexpression of miR-145 promoted VSMC proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis. Moreover, CTGF, which was increased in aortic dissection tissues, was decreased by miR-145 mimic and increased by miR-145 inhibitor. Furthermore, CTGF was confirmed as a target of miR-145 and could reverse the promotion effect of miR-145 on the progression of AAD. CONCLUSION: miR-145 suppressed the progression of AAD by targeting CTGF, suggesting that a miR-145/CTGF axis may provide a potential therapeutic target for AAD.

Animals , Humans , Rats , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Connective Tissue Growth Factor , Luciferases , MicroRNAs , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Tissue Donors
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1372-1376, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318148


In mankind, the circulation system is a closed pressure-loaded system; the pressure in circulation flow field would change with the variation of natural or pathological geometry of the local bloodvessel, and the pressure shift induced by the variation of vascular geometry would lead to a series of physiological and pathological changes in the endothelial cells (ECs). This experiment is designed to elucidate the effects of different pressure shift on F-actin alignment and expression in cultured endothelial cells in vitro, and to investigate the relationship between the altered pressure shift and the expression intensity of Vascular adhesion molecule (VCAM) and Integrin alphaVbeta3. Non-activated cultured ECs and single shear stress loaded ECs as control group were set, the double-immuno-fluoro-cytochemistry, laser confocal scanning microscopy and image analysis system were used to observe the expression of VCAM, Integrin alphaVbeta3 and F-actin in endothelial cells which were exposed to levels of pressure shift in an improved parallel plate flow chamber. When exposed to different decreased pressure shift, the expression intensity of VCAM, Integrin alphaVbeta3 and F-actin showed regular changes. The decreased pressure shift resulted in changes in cell alignment and cytoskeleton F-actin, and also affected ECs adhesion function and transmembrane mechanotransduction function which were represented by VCAM and Integrin alphaVbeta3 respectively.

Humans , Actins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Adhesion , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Hemodynamics , Integrin alphaVbeta3 , Genetics , Metabolism , Pressure , Umbilical Veins , Cell Biology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics , Metabolism