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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928743

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics of ADC value changes in DWI of newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients and its correlation with R-ISS stage.@*METHODS@#The data of 148 newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients treated by whole-body DWI scan at The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from June 2016 to June 2019 were selected and retrospectively analyzed and 30 cases of age-matched healthy people were selected as controls. The differences of ADC values between the patients in normal control group, DWI- group and DWI+ group were compared, and the relationship between ADC values and R-ISS stage in MM patients was compared.@*RESULTS@#The plasma cell percentage of the patients in DWI+ group was higher than those in DWI- group. ADC values of vertebra, sternum, rib, pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle of the patients in DWI+ group were significantly higher than those in DWI- group and normal control group. The ADC values of each part of the patients in DWI- group were higher than those in normal control group. ADC values of sternum, rib and pectoral girdle in the patients at R-ISS stage III were higher than those at R-ISS stage I and II, while, there was no statistical difference between R-ISS stage I and II groups. And there was no significant difference in ADC values of other bone parts such as vertebra and pelvic girdle in patients at R-ISS stage Ⅰ-Ⅲ.@*CONCLUSION@#DWI+ in MM patients is related to higher tumor invasion. The ADC values of the DWI+ group are higher than those of the DWI- group; the bone ADC values of the DWI- patients are still higher than the normal ones. And there is a certain relationship between ADC value and R-ISS stage.


Subject(s)
Bone Diseases , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Whole Body Imaging
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926040

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: Dermoid cysts are uncommon in spinal cord tumors, and the phenomenon of their spontaneous rupture into the syrinx cavity is quite rare. We aimed to analyze the imaging characteristics and etiologies, and propose some surgical strategies, for this uncommon phenomenon. @*Methods@#: We retrospectively reviewed 14 cases with spinal dermoid cysts that ruptured into the cervical and thoracic syrinx cavity. There were six male and eight female cases, aged 21 to 46 years, who had lipid droplets in the syrinx cavity from C1 to L3. The dermoid cysts were always located at the conus. Based on patients’ complaints, clinical manifestations, and imaging results, we adopted tumor excision and/or syrinx cavity aspiration in one stage or multiple stages. @*Results@#: Three patients had only a syrinx cavity aspiration surgery due to a history of dermoid cyst excision. Eight patients had dermoid cyst resection and syrinx cavity aspiration in one stage. One patient was operated upon in two stages due to the development of new symptoms at nine months follow-up. Two patients underwent only tumor resection since they did not show similar symptoms or signs caused by the cervicothoracic syrinx. The axial magnetic resonance imaging indicated that the lipid droplets were always not at the center but were eccentric. The clinical effect was satisfactory during the follow-up period in this group. @*Conclusion@#: The lipid droplets filled the spinal syrinx cavity, not entirely confined to the central canal. Based on the chief complaints and associated signs, we adopted different surgical strategies and had satisfactory clinical results.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923333

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the impact of demolition and relocation of chemical enterprises on air quality in Jingzhou City. Methods Based on the “Ambient air quality standards” (GB3095-2012), the daily average air quality index (AQI), and the concentration changes of six pollutants in the central urban area of Jingzhou, the air quality before, during and after the demolition and relocation of chemical enterprises during the environmental governance period from 2017 to 2019 was evaluated. Results The investigation results showed that the demolition and relocation of chemical enterprises had improved the local air quality to some certain extent, especially the decrease of SO2 concentration, especially for SO2, but the concentration changes of PM10 and O3 were not noticeable. At the same time, because of the attenuation of the implementation of the long-term policy, the improvement of air quality fluctuated. Conclusion This study suggests that further improvement of air quality in Jingzhou City may face the difficulty of O3 control and insufficient implementation of long-term policies in the future. It is a long-term policy to improve the environment through the renovation of chemical enterprises, and the corresponding regulatory measures need to be updated dynamically to ensure the implementation of the policy.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 593-595, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909365

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the distribution and composition characteristics of jellyfish stings in various coastal baths in Qinhuangdao City from 2017 to 2019, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention, control and early warning of jellyfish stings.Methods:Statistics and analysis of the age, gender, time of stings, location of injury, first symptoms, and playing time in the sea at the time of the sting, etc. of people with jellyfish stings in various bathing beaches along the coast of Qinhuangdao from 2017 to 2019 (July to August) were conducted.Results:The number of jellyfish stings in the coastal bathing beaches of Qinhuangdao City in 2017, 2018, and 2019 was decreasing year by year, with 1 890, 492, and 171 cases respectively. Among them, Qianshuiwan Bathing Beach and Dongshan Bathing Beach had more stings (60.90% and 35.08% respectively in 2017, 24.39% and 64.23% respectively in 2018, 16.96% and 16.42% respectively in 2019). There was no significant change in the gender and age distribution of jellyfish stings each year [57.99% males in 2017, with a median age of 13 (8, 31) years old; 63.21% males in 2018, with a median age of 25 (8, 29) years old; and 59.65% males in 2019, with a median age of 12 (7, 31) years old]. Stings were mainly located at the lower limbs (the proportion of lower limb injuries: 46.54% in 2018, 45.61% in 2019), followed by upper limbs (upper arm, elbow, forearm), trunk, etc. The first symptom was mainly pain (89.43% in 2018, 38.29% in 2019), followed by rash (64.43% in 2018, 59.43% in 2019), numbness, blisters, etc. Sting incidents mainly occurred from 13:00 to 17:59 (the proportion of sting incidents in this time period in 2018 and 2019 were 68.09% and 52.63%, respectively).Conclusions:Jellyfish stings in coastal baths in Qinhuangdao City are mainly distributed in Qianshuiwan Baths and Dongshan Baths. The management of these sea areas should be strengthened, and scientific publicity and medical rescue should be strengthened to prevent jellyfish stings in peak hours and related baths.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2070-2079, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888852

ABSTRACT

Enzyme-catalysis self-assembled oligopeptide hydrogel holds great interest in drug delivery, which has merits of biocompatibility, biodegradability and mild gelation conditions. However, its application for protein delivery is greatly limited by inevitable degradation of enzyme on the encapsulated proteins leading to loss of protein activity. Moreover, for the intracellularly acted proteins, cell membrane as a primary barrier hinders the transmembrane delivery of proteins. The internalized proteins also suffer from acidic and enzymatic degradation in endosomes and lysosomes. We herein develop a protease-manipulated hybrid nanogel/nanofiber hydrogel for localized delivery of intracellularly acted proteins. The embedded polymeric nanogels (CytoC/aNGs) preserve activity of cytochrome

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1187-1194, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888537

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of chidamide combined with anti-myeloma drugs on the proliferation and apoptosis of myeloma cells.@*METHODS@#The proliferation inhibition of the cells was detected by CCK-8 method, and flow cytometry was used to detected the apoptosis of the cells.@*RESULTS@#Chidamide could inhibit the proliferation of myeloma cells and promote the apoptosis of primary myeloma plasma cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner (P<0.05). In NCI-H929 cell line, chidamide combined with low-dose bortezomib and lenalidomide showed synergistic effect, while combined with dexamethasone and pomalidomide showed additive effect. In MM.1s cell line, chidamide combined with bortezomib, dexamethasone, lenalidomide and pomalidomide all showed synergistic effects.@*CONCLUSION@#Chidamide inhibits proliferation of myeloma cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner and promotes apoptosis of primary myeloma plasma cells. Furthermore, it can enhance the inhibitory effect of anti-myeloma drugs.


Subject(s)
Aminopyridines , Apoptosis , Benzamides , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Pharmaceutical Preparations
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886881

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish quantitative methods to assay quercetin in Honghuixiang injection by HPLC. Methods Dikma C18 column(250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm) was used for the assay with acetonitrile −0.1% phosphoric acid (25∶75) as the mobile phase. Flow rate was 1.0 ml/min. The column temperature was 30 ℃. The detection wavelength was at 256 nm. Results Quercetin showed good linear relationship within the range of 0.2150–3.225 μg. The correlation coefficient was 0.999 6. The average recovery was 99.39% with RSD 0.82% (n=6). The repeatability was 1.194 mg/ml with RSD 0.40%. Conclusion The average quercetin content in three batches of Honghuixiang injection was 1.191 mg/ml. This method is simple, rapid and accurate. It can be used for the determination of quercetin in Honghuixiang injection.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885975

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the mechanisms of electroacupuncture (EA) at Zusanli (ST 36), Liangmen (ST 21) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) in intervening diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) based on calcium-activated chloride channel. Methods: Forty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups, including a normal control group (group A), a model group (group B), an EA group (group C) and a metoclopramide group (group D), with 10 rats in each group. A single intraperitoneal injection of 2% streptozotocin (STZ) combined with 8-week high-glucose high-fat diet was used to establish a DGP rat model. After intervention, gastrointestinal propulsive rate was observed; the expression level of transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A) was examined by immunohistochemistry; the Ca2+ concentration in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) was detected by immunofluorescence; and whole-cell patch-clamp technique was applied to detect the current intensity of calcium-activated chloride channel (ICaCC) in ICCs in gastric antrum. Results: After modeling, the blood glucose levels in group B, group C and group D were significantly increased compared with group A (all P<0.01); after intervention, compared with group B, the blood glucose levels in group C and group D were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01); the intra-group comparison of blood glucose level between after modeling and after intervention found significant difference only in group C (P<0.01). The gastrointestinal propulsive rates in group B, group C and group D were significantly different from that in group A (P<0.01 or P<0.05); the gastrointestinal propulsive rates were markedly higher in group C and group D than in group B (P<0.01, P<0.01). The expressions of TMEM16A in group B and group C were decreased compared with group A (P<0.01, P<0.05); the expressions of TMEM16A in group C and group D were increased compared with group B (P<0.01, P<0.05). The fluorescence intensity of Ca2+ was significantly lower in group B than in group A (P<0.01); the fluorescence intensity of Ca2+ was significantly higher in group C and group D than in group B (P<0.01, P<0.05). ICaCC in ICCs in group B was significantly decreased compared with group A; ICaCC in group C and group D were increased compared with group B. Conclusion: EA at Zusanli (ST 36), Liangmen (ST 21) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) can significantly improve gastrointestinal motility in DGP rats by up-regulating the ICaCC in ICCs.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881479

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the prevalence of renal function decline in the elderly population in a community and risk factors. Methods:Data in the physical examination of the elderly population aged over 60 years old in a community in 2018 were collected and analyzed. Estimated glomerular filtration rate was calculated by modified modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) formula. Association between renal function decline and risk factors were determined. Results:Among the 9 626 elderly people, the prevalence of renal function decline was 10.71%, which increased with age. Multivariate logistic regression showed that men, age, anemia, abnormal uric acid, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, glutamine transaminase, and the history of stroke were the independent risk factors associated with renal function decline. Conclusion:The prevalence of renal function decline in elderly people in a community in Shanghai is relatively high. It is necessary to pay attention to early screening and take effective preventive measures, such as health education, scientific exercise and reasonable diet, chronic disease management and other measures.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1837-1844, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922344

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of serum free light chain (sFLC) and monoclonal protein (MP) on the efficacy and prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma relapse, and investigate the clinical value of light chain escape (LCE).@*METHODS@#The relationship between sFLC/MP levels and clinical features and outcomes in 71 patients with multiple myeloma after relapse were retrospective analyzed. The patients were divided into MO group, MLC group and LCE group according to different levels of sFLC/MP after relapse. Then the clinical indicators, efficacy, survival after relapse (SAR) and overall survival (OS) of the patients in each group were compared. Meanwhile a paired sample t test was used to analyze the relevant indicators of the patients before and after relapse in LCE group.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in ISS stage, the levels of Hb, PLT, ALB, SFLC/MP and the proportion of myeloplasma cells afte relapse (P<0.05). The initial treatment effect of the patients in MO group was better than those in the other groups, and the LCE group was the worst (P<0.05). Comparison of relevant indicators between the patients before and after relapse in LCE group showed that the levels of MP, Hb and PLT decreased significantly, while sFLC, LDH and Cr increased significantly (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that MO was the independent risk factor affecting SAR, while MO and LCE were the independent risk factors affecting OS (P<0.05) of the patients.The average SAR of the patients in MO, MLC and LCE group was 41, 28.6 and 23.5 months (P=0.002), and the average OS was 79.6, 57.9 and 41 months (P<0.001), respectively. The patients in MO group showed longer SAR and OS, while the LCE group was the shortest.@*CONCLUSION@#After relapse, patients only with elevated MP levels have a better curative effect and prognosis, while only with elevated sFLC levels have poor curative effects and prognosis, which suggesting that sFLC/MP levels can be used as a good indicator for predicting the prognosis of multiple myeloma patients.The appearance of LCE indicates disease progression, poor prognosis and early relapse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1831-1836, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and efficacy of BUCY (busulfan and cyclophosphamide) conditioning regimen for autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 72 MM patients received transplantation in the Hematology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from May 2012 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 36 patients received BUCY conditioning regimen while the others received high-dose melphalan (HDM) conditioning regimen. The complication, post-transplantation hematopoietic reconstitution and efficacy between the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in sex, age, isotype, stage, induction therapy, mobilization method and proportion of conditioning regimen with Bortezomib between the two groups. The median time of neutrophil engraftment for the patients in BUCY and HDM groups was 10 (8-17) and 10 (9-13) d (P=0.046), and the median time of platelet engraftment was 10 (8-18) and 11 (9-47) d (P=0.017), respectively. The transplant related mortality of the patients in both groups was 2.7%. The CR rates of the patients after ASCT (38.9% and 50.0%) were higher than those before ASCT (27.8% and 19.4%) in the two groups. For the patients in BUCY group, the median follow-up time was 45 (0-61) months. Fifteen patients (41.7%) achieved disease progression. While for the patients in HDM group, the median follow-up time was 52(0-75) months. Twenty-two patients (61.1%) achieved disease progression.@*CONCLUSION@#The BUCY conditioning regimen is a safe and effective therapy for ASCT in patients with MM. Besides, in terms of safety and efficacy, BUCY regimen is not inferior to HDM regimen. BUCY regimen may replace HDM regimen as a standard conditioning regimen for ASCT in MM.


Subject(s)
Busulfan , Cyclophosphamide , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Retrospective Studies
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1982-1986, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922236

ABSTRACT

Chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapy was awarded as the largest research breakthrough in 2017 by the American Society of Clinical Oncology, at present, it is rapidly becoming the most promising new treatment for hematological malignancies. However, this therapy also produces a new challenge: toxic adverse events such as cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and neurotoxicity, partial of them can bring death to the patients. The incidence and severity of the above toxic events in different multi-center trial reports are also different, which may be attributed to the different in the considerably variable assessment and grading of toxicities between clinical trials and across institutions. The ASTCT published at 2018 advanced the consensus grading for cytokine release syndrome and neurologic toxicity associated with immune effector cells, it was focusing on CRS and neurotoxicity associated with immune effector cells. In order to provide reference for the development of relevant work in this field and the formulation of security strategies in our country, the main content of the consensus was summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Consensus , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Humans , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921561

ABSTRACT

A good hydration status is important to the exercise performance and cognitive function of exercisers.The effective restoration of fluid balance after exercise is helpful to prevent dehydration,maintain body fluid balance,accelerate fatigue recovery,and enhance exercise performance.As the most effective sports nutrition supplement,sports beverage has different ingredients and formulas,and also has various effects.To provide clues for the development of sports beverage,this article reviews the types,components,effects,and mechanisms of sports beverage currently used in post-exercise fluid restoration.


Subject(s)
Beverages , Dehydration , Exercise , Fluid Therapy , Humans , Sports , Water-Electrolyte Balance
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921530

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage on post-exercise rehydration of healthy young men in different seasons,and to explore the influence of seasonal adaptability on fluid and electrolyte balance.Methods Fifteen healthy men,aged(24.4±0.5)years,completed 2 trails in a random crossover design both in summer and winter.During recovery,they consumed a drink volume equivalent to 100% of their sweat loss with plain boiled water(the water group)or carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage(the beverage group).Recovery was monitored for further 180 minutes by the collection of blood and urine samples.Results The dehydration time in summer was significantly shorter by about 20 minutes than that in winter(


Subject(s)
Adult , Beverages , Cross-Over Studies , Dietary Carbohydrates , Electrolytes , Fluid Therapy , Humans , Male , Seasons
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919332

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to investigate the impact of hydrogen-rich water on the lactic acid level in metformin-treated diabetic rats under hypoxia. Thirty Sprague–Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups, including normal diet group, and diabetes model (DM) group, DM + metformin treatment (DMM) group, DMM + hypoxia treatment (DMMH) group and DMMH + hydrogenrich water (DMMHR) group. We found that the levels of lactic acid, pyruvate and lactate dehydrogenase were significantly lower in the blood of DMMHR group than DMMH group. Superoxide dismutase and glutathione levels in liver and heart were significantly higher in DMMH group after hydrogen-rich water treatment, while malondialdehyde and oxidized glutathione levels were decreased in DMMHR group when compared with DMMH group, which indicates that hydrogen-rich water could reduce oxidative stress. qPCR analysis demonstrated that that pro-apoptotic genes Bax/Caspase-3 were upregulated in DM group and metformin treatment suppressed their upregulation (DMM group). However, hypoxic condition reversed the effect of metformin on apoptotic gene expression, and hydrogen-rich water showed little effect on these genes under hypoxia. HE staining showed that hydrogen-rich water prevented myocardial fiber damages under hypoxia. In summary, we conclude that hydrogen-rich water could prevent lactate accumulation and reduce oxidant stress in diabetic rat model to prevent hypoxia-induced damages. It could be served as a potential agent for diabetes patients with metformin treatment to prevent lactic acidosis and reduce myocardial damages under hypoxic conditions.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To deeply understand the clinical manifestation, laboratory examination characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of an eight p11 myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS) with rare phenotypes.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratory characteristics and the process of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were summarized in 1 rare EMS case involving T/B/myeloid cells. Meanwhile, 2 similar cases in the previous literature were also discussed.@*RESULTS@#The bone marrow examination indicated that the patient with B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia. The lymph node biopsy showed that the patient was T lymphoblastic/myeloid lymphoma. The 8p11 abnormality was found by the examination of bone marrow chromosomes. The RT-PCR examination showed that the BCR-ABL fused gene was negtive. The FGFR1 breakage was found by using the FISH with FGFR1 probe in lymph node. The Mutation of FMNL3, NBPF1 and RUNX1 genes was found by using the whole exome sequencing. The patient received allo-HSCT under CR2. By the follow-up till to September 2019, the patient survived without the above-mentioned disease.@*CONCLUSION@#EMS manifest as neoplasms involving T-lineage, B-lineage, and myeloid-lineage simultaneously is extremely rare. Although the FGFR1 gene-targeted therapy can be conducted, allo-HSCT should be actively considered.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , Formins , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Phenotype , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/genetics , Translocation, Genetic
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879809

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinicopathological features of children with lupus nephritis (LN) with positive anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the children who were diagnosed with LN in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2003 to December 2019. According to the results of serum ANCA, they were divided into two groups: ANCA-positive group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the ANCA-negative group, the ANCA-positive group had a significant reduction in leukocytes and a significant increase in erythrocyte sedimentation rate (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with ANCA-positive LN tend to have more severe renal pathological injury, which is not exactly parallel with clinical manifestations, suggesting that timely renal biopsy is of great importance.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Child , Creatinine , Humans , Kidney , Lupus Nephritis , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1335-1344, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) are the most widely used non-invasive tests in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. However, evidence about the direct comparison of the test performance of the self-administered qualitative a laboratory-based quantitative FITs in a CRC screening setting is sparse.@*METHODS@#Based on a CRC screening trial (TARGET-C), we included 3144 pre-colonoscopy fecal samples, including 24 CRCs, 230 advanced adenomas, 622 non-advanced adenomas, and 2268 participants without significant findings at colonoscopy. Three self-administered qualitative FITs (Pupu tube) with positivity thresholds of 8.0, 14.4, or 20.8 μg hemoglobin (Hb)/g preset by the manufacturer and one laboratory-based quantitative FIT (OC-Sensor) with a positivity threshold of 20 μg Hb/g recommended by the manufacturer were tested by trained staff in the central laboratory. The diagnostic performance of the FITs for detecting colorectal neoplasms was compared in the different scenarios using the preset and adjusted thresholds (for the quantitative FIT).@*RESULTS@#At the thresholds preset by the manufacturers, apart from the qualitative FIT-3, significantly higher sensitivities for detecting advanced adenoma were observed for the qualitative FIT-1 (33.9% [95% CI: 28.7-39.4%]) and qualitative FIT-2 (22.2% [95% CI: 17.7-27.2%]) compared to the quantitative FIT (11.7% [95% CI: 8.4-15.8%]), while at a cost of significantly lower specificities. However, such difference was not observed for detecting CRC. For scenarios of adjusting the positivity thresholds of the quantitative FIT to yield comparable specificity or comparable positivity rate to the three qualitative FITs accordingly, there were no significant differences in terms of sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative predictive values and positive/negative likelihood ratios for detecting CRC or advanced adenoma between the two types of FITs, which was further evidenced in ROC analysis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although the self-administered qualitative and the laboratory-based quantitative FITs had varied test performance at the positivity thresholds preset by the manufacturer, such heterogeneity could be overcome by adjusting thresholds to yield comparable specificities or positivity rates. Future CRC screening programs should select appropriate types of FITs and define the thresholds based on the targeted specificities and manageable positivity rates.


Subject(s)
Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer , Feces , Hemoglobins/analysis , Humans , Laboratories , Occult Blood , Sensitivity and Specificity
19.
Clinics ; 76: e2580, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286063

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to prospectively observe the changes in the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) before and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and their impact on the prognosis of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Blood samples from 205 patients with ACS were collected at admission and at 24h and 30 days post-PCI to observe changes in the complete blood count. The Cox multivariate regression model was used to analyze the factors influencing major adverse cardiac events (MACE) after PCI in patients with ACS. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of inflammation indicators for MACE after PCI. RESULTS: Following PCI, NLR and PLR first increased postoperatively and then decreased within 30 days after PCI. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that NLR and PLR at 24h post-PCI and acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were independent influencing factors for the incidence of MACE after PCI. The ROC curve analysis showed that the NLR at 24h post-PCI was a better predictor of the incidence of MACE. The NLR at 24h post-PCI was significantly correlated with the number and length of implanted stents and operation duration. CONCLUSIONS: After PCI, patients with ACS had an increased neutrophil proportion and NLR. The NLR at 24h post-PCI was a better predictor of the incidence of postoperative MACE.

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