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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 710-713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965510

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To mine the safety signals of FOLFOX scheme and FOLFIRI scheme-induced hepatotoxicity, and to provide reference for the selection of clinical rational treatment plan and the prevention and treatment of drug adverse reaction (ADR). METHODS Reporting odds ratio method and proportion report ratio method were used to analyze adverse drug event (ADE) reports of FOLFOX scheme and FOLFIRI scheme in FDA adverse event reporting system during January 1, 2004-June 30, 2022. The potential safety signals of FOLFOX scheme and FOLFIRI scheme-induced hepatotoxicity were mined. RESULTS The amounts of ADE reports related to FOLFOX scheme and FOLFIRI scheme were respectively 3 454 and 1 359; the proportions of male and female patients involved were 1.50∶1 and 1.67∶1 in these two schemes, respectively. The top five countries with the largest number of reports were the United States, Japan, France, Italy and the United Kingdom, respectively accounting for 58.48% and 53.79% of the total reported cases. More than 90% of patients took no more than 5 drugs in combination, the proportion of patients receiving FOLFOX scheme and FOLFIRI scheme combined with anti-angiogenic drugs or epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors was 45.45% and 86.82%, respectively. Totally 443 ADE reports of FOLFOX scheme-induced hepatotoxicity were collected, and 22 ADR signals were generated, including hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, nodular regenerative hyperplasia, drug-induced liver injury, blood bilirubin increased, etc. Totally 128 ADE reports of FOLFIRI scheme- induced hepatotoxicity were reported, and 9 ADR signals were generated, including blood bilirubin increased, hepatotoxicity, steatohepatitis, hepatic steatosis, etc. CONCLUSIONS FOLFOX scheme and FOLFIRI scheme can cause different types of hepatotoxicity. Clinical drug monitoring should be strengthened to guarantee drug safety.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 407-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962482

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the improvement effects and mechanism of imperatorin on cachexia model mice. METHODS Fifteen male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into blank control group, model group and imperatorin group, with 5 mice in each group. Except for blank control group, the remaining mice were inoculated with LLC cell suspension subcutaneously on the dorsal surface, and the drug was administered by gavage daily from the 7th day of inoculation. The imperatorin group was gavaged with imperatorin suspension (0.5% sodium carboxymethylcellulose solution as solvent) at 60 mg/kg; blank control group and model group were given an equal volume of 0.5% sodium carboxymethylcellulose solution, for 13 d of continuous administration. During the administration period, food intake and body mass of mice were recorded daily and regularly, tumor long and short diameters were measured every two days, and tumor volume was calculated. The skeletal muscle mass and tumor mass of each group were weighed and the tumor-free body weight was calculated; the pathological changes of skeletal muscle were observed and the cross-sectional area of skeletal muscle fibers was calculated; the phosphorylation levels of signal transduction and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) (measured as p-STAT3/STAT3 ratio), muscle atrophy box F gene (MAFbx), myostatin (Myog), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax), Caspase3 protein and mRNA expression were all detected. RESULTS Compared with blank control group, body mass and skeletal muscle mass of model group were decreased significantly (P<0.05), and reduced food intake, loose arrangement of skeletal muscle, large cell space were observed; the cross-sectional area of skeletal muscle fiber was significantly reduced, while p-STAT3/STAT3 ratio, protein and mRNA expressions of MAFbx, Bax and Caspase3 were somo_amour@163.com increased significantly (P<0.05). The protein and mRNA expressions of Myog and Bcl-2 were significantly reduced (P< 0.05). Compared with model group, body weight, tumor-free weight and skeletal muscle weight were increased significantly in imperatorin group (P<0.05); food intake increased, while the expressions of tumor weight and volume were decreased significantly (P<0.05); the expressions of above proteins and genes were improved significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Imperatorin can improve the tumor cachexia state, the mechanism of which may be related to the regulation of ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and anti-apoptosis.

3.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 256-267, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982194

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the feasibility and tolerability of metoprolol standard dosing pathway (MSDP) in Chinese patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).@*METHODS@#In this multicenter, prospective, open label, single-arm and interventional study that was conducted from February 2018 to April 2019 in fifteen Chinese hospitals. A total of 998 hospitalized patients aged ≥ 18 years and diagnosed with ACS were included. The MSDP was applied to all eligible ACS patients based on the standard treatment recommended by international guidelines. The primary endpoint was the percentage of patients achieving the target dose at discharge (V2). The secondary endpoints included the heart rate and blood pressure at V2 and four weeks after discharge (V4), and percentage of patients experiencing bradycardia (heart rate < 50 beats/min), hypotension (blood pressure < 90/60 mmHg) and transient cardiac dysfunction at V2 and V4.@*RESULTS@#Of the 998 patients, 29.46% of patients achieved the target dose (≥ 95 mg/d) at V2. The total population was divided into two groups: target group (patients achieving the target dose at V2) and non-target group (patients not achieving the target dose at V2). There was significant difference in the reduction of heart rate from baseline to discharge in the two groups (-4.97 ± 11.90 beats/min vs. -2.70 ± 9.47 beats/min, P = 0.034). There was no significant difference in the proportion of bradycardia that occurred in the two groups at V2 (0 vs. 0, P = 1.000) and V4 (0.81% vs. 0.33%, P = 0.715). There was no significant difference in the proportion of hypotension between the two groups at V2 (0.004% vs. 0.004%, P = 1.000) and V4 (0 vs. 0.005%, P = 0.560). No transient cardiac dysfunction occurred in two groups during the study. A total of five adverse events (1.70%) and one serious adverse event (0.34%) were related to the pathway in target group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In Chinese ACS patients, the feasibility and tolerability of the MSDP have been proved to be acceptable.

4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 317-322, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971531

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between serum lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) level and the risk of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) recurrence in hypertensive patients.@*METHODS@#This retrospective case-control study was conducted among 211 hypertensive patients with AIS treated in Foshan First People's Hospital, including 35 patients with recurrence of AIS during the 1-year follow-up as confirmed by head CT/MR. In the overall patients, 60 had grade 1 hypertension (including 5 recurrent cases), 76 had grade 2 hypertension (with 11 recurrent cases), and 75 had grade 3 hypertension (with 19 recurrent cases). Univariate analysis, multivariate logistic regression analysis, trend analysis, and smooth curve fitting analysis were performed to explore the correlation between serum Lp-PLA2 level within 24 h after admission and the risk of AIS recurrence. The predictive efficacy of serum Lp-PLA2 level for AIS recurrence in different hypertension grades was evaluated using ROC curve analysis.@*RESULTS@#Serum Lp-PLA2 level, age, NIHSS score at admission, mRS scores at 7 days, homocysteine level and smoking status differed significantly between patients with and without AIS recurrence (P < 0.05). After adjustment for confounding factors, multivariate regression analysis showed that the highest tertile of Lp-PLA2 level was associated with a 4.13-fold increase of AIS recurrence risk compared with the lowest tertile (OR=5.13, 95% CI: 1.35-19.40), and each 1 ng/mL increase of Lp-PLA2 level was associated with a 1% increase of AIS recurrence risk (OR= 1.01, 95% CI: 1.01-1.02). Serum Lp-PLA2 level was shown to positively correlate with AIS recurrence risk, and in patients with grade 3 hypertension, its areas under the ROC curve for predicting AIS recurrence was 0.869 with a specificity of 0.893 and a sensitivity of 0.737.@*CONCLUSION@#Serum Lp-PLA2 concentration is an independent risk factor and potentially an effective predictor for AIS recurrence in patients with grade 3 hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , 1-Alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine Esterase , Acute Disease , Biomarkers , Brain Ischemia/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Cerebral Infarction , Hypertension/complications , Ischemic Stroke/complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke
5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 517-520, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972735

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the current nutritional composition of commonly consumed prepackaged foods among children in Chengdu and to provide a scientific basis for health education among children and adolescents.@*Methods@#Based on the 3 day and 24 hour dietary data of children aged 6-12 in Chengdu of the Southwest China Childhood Nutrition and Growth Cohort from 2021 to 2022, the nutritional information of prepackaged foods was collected by combining offline and online methods. All foods were classified step by step, and the nutrient content of each 100 g or 100 mL food was counted and graded.@*Results@#A total of 1 902 children s prepackaged foods in 23 sub categories of 10 major categories were investigated. Nuts and seeds, snack foods, instant foods and other dairy products had higher total energy(2 476, 2 027, 1 728, 1 816 kJ/100 g), with the nutrient reference value percentage(NRV%) exceeding 20%. Fish, poultry, meat, eggs and their products had the highest protein content(22.8 g/ 100 g ) with an NRV% of 38%, nuts and seeds had the highest fat content(47.5 g/100 g) with an NRV% of 79%, confectionery and jelly had the highest carbohydrate content(82.1 g/100 g) with an NRV% of 27%, and seasoning flour products had the highest sodium content with an NRV% up to 118%. Seasoning flour products and instant foods were mostly high sodium, high fat and high carbohydrate food. Baked and puffed foods were almost high fat and high carbohydrate. Fish, poultry, meat, eggs, beans and their products were rich in protein but mostly high in sodium. Beverages and cold drinks were low in other nutrients except carbohydrate.@*Conclusion@#The nutrient content of various prepackaged foods commonly consumed by children in Chengdu are quite different. Most of the foods consumed by children are high sodium, high fat and/or high carbohydrate. Nutrition education should be strengthened to help children choose healthy foods.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 911-916, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923591

ABSTRACT

OBJECT IVE To analyze the situation of comprehensive drug evaluation research in China. METHODS Using the method of bibliometrics ,CiteSpace 5.8.R3 analysis tool was used to summarize the research situation and hotspots from 6 dimensions,such as safety ,effectiveness,economy,innovation,suitability and accessibility. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS At present,there were many types of researches on safety and effectiveness. The economic evaluation was increasing. There were still not much researches on the comprehensive evaluation of drugs from 6 dimensions. Researchers were concentrated ,and there was less collaboration between researchers or research institutions. In terms of methods ,systematic review ,meta-analysis,clinical observational research and retrospective research were more common. The topic selection of antibacterial drugs ,anti-tumor drugs , and cardiovascular drugs were more popular. It is recommended to establish a unified method and standard for clinical comprehensive evaluation of drugs ,clarify the coordination medianism of the comprehensive drug evaluation ,make full use of real-world data to enrich the contents of 6 dimensions,implement quality control for all segments of the evaluation ,and form a comprehensive evaluation report with sufficient evidence and definite results ,so as to promote the clinical application of the results.

7.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 204-208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935776

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application value of bispectral index(BIS) , specific protein 100β(S100β) combined with Copeptinin patients with acute severe carbon monoxide poisoning (ASCMP). Methods: A total of 256 patients with acute carbon monoxide poisoning admitted to Hengshui People's Hospital from June 2018 to June 2020 were collected, and they were divided into 30 mild cases, 40 moderate cases and 186 severe cases according to the degree of poisoning. Among them, patients with severe carbon monoxide poisoning were divided into a poor prognosis group (20 cases) and a good prognosis group (166 cases) according to whether adverse events occurred. The changes of creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) , N-terminal precursor B-type brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) , BIS, S100β, and Copeptin in poisoned patients were measured. Logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to evaluate the significance of relevant indicators for ASCMP patients. Results: Compared with the mild-to-moderate group, CK-MB, NT-proBNP, S100β, Copeptin increased, and BIS value decreased in the severe group (P< 0.05). 24 hours after admission, compared with the good prognosis group, CK-MB, NT-proBNP, S100β, Copeptin in the poor prognosis group increased, and the BIS value decreased (P<0.05). In the poor prognosis group, CK-MB, NT-proBNP, S100β, and Copeptin at 72 hours after admission were all lower than those at 24 hours after admission, and the BIS value was higher than that at 24 hours after admission (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that ASCMP patients with increased S100β, Copeptin, and decreased BIS values had an increased risk of adverse events (P<0.05). The ROC curve showed that the area under the curve of the combined detection of BIS, S100β and Copeptin was 0.859, which had a great predictive value for the prognosis of ASCMP patients. Conclusion: BIS, S100β combined with Copeptin detection is of great value for early assessment of ASCMP disease and prognosis prediction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Carbon Monoxide Poisoning , Creatine Kinase, MB Form , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Prognosis , ROC Curve , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit
8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 303-306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930938

ABSTRACT

Conversion therapy has become the core in the treatment of borderline resectable or unresectable liver cancer, which provides resectable opportunities for more advanced liver cancer patients. In accordance with the first-choice treatment regimen recommended by the guidelines, the authors reported a successful case of Atezolizumab and Bevacizumab (T+A regimen) conversion therapy. The patient with initially borderline resectable advanced liver cancer was performed liver segment resection sucessfully after conversion therapy, and non-tumor recurrence was observed at postoperative 9 months. Postoperative pathological examination showed combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma, which also indicated the important value of T+A regimen in the conversion therapy of combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1046-1050, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936533

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association of Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and sleep quality in adolescents of Xi an, thereby providing theoretical evidence for prevention of IGD and improvement of sleep quality of adolescents.@*Methods@#A total of 1 181 adolescents from 3 middle schools of Xi an were randomly selected between August, 2019 and February, 2020. These adolescents were assessed by a series of questionnaires, including basic information questionnaire, IGD and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). Univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression model were used to evaluate the association between IGD and insomnia.@*Results@#Among 929 junior middle school students who participated in online games and the IGD Diagnostic Questionnaire was filled out in the past 12 months, the prevalence of IGD was 20.0%(186). Univariate analyses indicated that gender,whether single family, whether they living with their parents, whether they were addicted to online games, whether they could control the time of online games, and the severity of insomnia influenced IGD ( χ 2=17.11, 8.33, 202.92, 91.23, 29.06, P <0.05). The multivariate Logistic regression of the total population showed that participating in online games was not associated with the severity of insomnia ( OR = 1.62 , 95% CI =0.92-0.85, P >0.05). The people who participated in online games in the past 12 monthsthe severity of insomnia was positively correlated with the risk of IGD ( OR =3.56,95% CI =1.92-6.61, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Internet gaming disorder become a severe situation in the middle school students. The severity of insomnia might become the risk factor of IGD, so social should pay more attention to the prevention of internet addiction.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1046-1050, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936532

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association of Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and sleep quality in adolescents of Xi an, thereby providing theoretical evidence for prevention of IGD and improvement of sleep quality of adolescents.@*Methods@#A total of 1 181 adolescents from 3 middle schools of Xi an were randomly selected between August, 2019 and February, 2020. These adolescents were assessed by a series of questionnaires, including basic information questionnaire, IGD and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). Univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression model were used to evaluate the association between IGD and insomnia.@*Results@#Among 929 junior middle school students who participated in online games and the IGD Diagnostic Questionnaire was filled out in the past 12 months, the prevalence of IGD was 20.0%(186). Univariate analyses indicated that gender,whether single family, whether they living with their parents, whether they were addicted to online games, whether they could control the time of online games, and the severity of insomnia influenced IGD ( χ 2=17.11, 8.33, 202.92, 91.23, 29.06, P <0.05). The multivariate Logistic regression of the total population showed that participating in online games was not associated with the severity of insomnia ( OR = 1.62 , 95% CI =0.92-0.85, P >0.05). The people who participated in online games in the past 12 monthsthe severity of insomnia was positively correlated with the risk of IGD ( OR =3.56,95% CI =1.92-6.61, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Internet gaming disorder become a severe situation in the middle school students. The severity of insomnia might become the risk factor of IGD, so social should pay more attention to the prevention of internet addiction.

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 961-964, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936507

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#The onset and progression of puberty development is affected by interaction of genes and environments, and is linked to lifelong health. A comprehensive understanding of pubertal development in Chinese children and its influence on health outcomes becomes an important public health concern. Therefore, building an evaluation index system for Chinese children to assess the puberty onset and the temporal sequences throughout the puberty stage, and establishing a multidimensional predictive model for puberty trajectory lay down the foundation for this issue. This article reviews the currently available evidence referring to the assessment system and the prediction model for puberty timing, and outlines directions for future research in this area.

12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 45-56, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935967

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effects of porcine acellular dermal matrix (ADM) combined with human epidermal stem cells (ESCs) on wound healing of full-thickness skin defect in nude mice. Methods: The morphology of porcine ADM was analyzed by photograph of digital camera, the cell residues in porcine ADM were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the surface structure of porcine ADM was observed by scanning electron microscope, the secondary structure of porcine ADM was analyzed by infrared spectrometer, the porcine ADM particle size was analyzed by dynamic light scattering particle size analyzer, and the porcine ADM potential was analyzed by nano-particle size potentiometer. The morphology of porcine ADM was observed by inverted fluorescence microscope when it was placed in culture medium for 30 min, 1 d, and 5 d (n=2). The porcine ADM was divided into 5 min group, 10 min group, 20 min group, 30 min group, 60 min group, and 120 min group according to the random number table (the same grouping method below) in static state at normal temperature for the corresponding time to calculate the water absorption by weighing method (n=3). Swiss white mouse embryonic fibroblasts (Fbs) were divided into blank control group (culture medium only), and 50.0 g/L ADM extract group, 37.5 g/L ADM extract group, 25.0 g/L ADM extract group, 12.5 g/L ADM extract group, and 6.5 g/L ADM extract group which were added with the corresponding final concentrations of ADM extract respectively. At post culture hour (PCH) 24, 48, and 72, the cell survival rate was detected by cell counting kit 8 and the cytotoxicity was graded (n=5). The erythrocytes of a 6-week-old male Sprague-Dawley male rat were divided into normal saline group, ultra-pure water group, and 5 mg/mL ADM extract group, 10 mg/mL ADM extract group, and 15 mg/mL ADM extract group which were treated with the corresponding final concentrations of porcine ADM extract respectively. After reaction for 3 h, the absorbance value of hemoglobin was detected by microplate reader to represent the blood compatibility of porcine ADM (n=3). ESCs were isolated and cultured from the discarded prepuce of a 6-year-old healthy boy who was treated in the Department of Urology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University) in July 2020, and then identified by flow cytometry. The porcine ADM particles of composite ESC (hereinafter referred to as ESC/ADM) were constructed by mixed culture. After 3 days of culture, the composite effect of ESC/ADM was observed by HE staining and laser scanning confocal microscope. Thirty-six 7-8-week-old male non-thymic nude mice were divided into phosphate buffer solution (PBS) alone group, ADM alone group, ESC alone group, and ESC/ADM group, with 9 mice in each group, and the wound model of full-thickness skin defect was established. Immediately after injury, the wounds were treated with the corresponding reagents at one time. On post injury day (PID) 1, 7, 11, and 15, the wound healing was observed and the wound healing rate was counted (n=3). On PID 7, the epithelialization of wounds was observed by HE staining and the length of un-epithelialized wound was measured (with this and the following sample numbers of 4). On PID 11, the dermal area and collagen deposition of wounds were observed by Masson staining and the dermal area of wound section was calculated, the number of cells expressing CD49f, a specific marker of ESC, was calculated with immunofluorescence staining, the mRNA expression of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) in ESC after wound transplantation was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, one-way analysis of variance, analysis of variance for repeated measurement, and least significant difference t test. Results: The porcine ADM was white particles and composed of reticular structure, with no cells inside, disordered structure, and rough surface. The absorption peak of porcine ADM appeared at the wave numbers of 1 659, 1 549, and 1 239 cm-1, respectively. The main particle size distribution of porcine ADM in solution was 500 to 700 nm, with negative charge on the surface. The morphology of porcine ADM in static state at 30 min and on 1 and 5 d was relatively stable. The water absorption of porcine ADM remained relatively high level in static state from 30 min to 120 min. The cytotoxicity of mouse embryonic Fbs in 6.5 g/L ADM extract group, 12.5 g/L ADM extract group, and 25.0 g/L ADM extract group was grade 1 at PCH 24, and the cytotoxicity of the other groups was 0 grade at each time point. After reaction for 3 h, the absorbance value of hemoglobin of erythrocytes in ultra-pure water group was significantly higher than the values in normal saline group and 15 mg/mL ADM extract group (with t values of 8.14 and 7.96, respectively, P<0.01). After 3 days of culture, the cells of the fourth passage showed pebble-like morphology, with low expression of CD71 and high expression of CD49f, which were identified as ESCs. There was ESC attachment and growth on porcine ADM particles. On PID 1, the wound sizes of nude mice were almost the same in PBS alone group, ADM alone group, ESC alone group, and ESC/ADM group. On PID 7, 11, and 15, the wound contraction of nude mice in each group was observed, especially in ADM alone group, ESC alone group, and ESC/ADM group. On PID 7, the wound healing rates of nude mice in ESC alone group and ESC/ADM group were significantly higher than the rate in PBS alone group (with t values of 2.83 and 4.72 respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). On PID 11, the wound healing rate of nude mice in ESC/ADM group was significantly higher than that in PBS alone group (t=4.86, P<0.01). On PID 15, the wound healing rates of nude mice in ADM alone group, ESC alone group, and ESC/ADM group were significantly higher than the rate in PBS alone group (with t values of 2.71, 2.90, and 3.23 respectively, P<0.05). On PID 7, the length of un-epithelialized wound of nude mice in ADM alone group, ESC alone group, and ESC/ADM group was (816±85), (635±66), and (163±32) μm, respectively, which were significantly shorter than (1 199±43) μm in PBS alone group (with t values of 5.69, 10.19, and 27.54 respectively, P<0.01). On PID 11, the dermal areas of wound section of nude mice in ADM alone group, ESC alone group, and ESC/ADM group were significantly larger than the area in PBS alone group (with t values of 27.14, 5.29, and 15.90 respectively, P<0.01); the collagen production of nude mice in ADM alone group and ESC/ADM group was more obvious than that in PBS alone group, and the collagen production of nude mice in ESC alone group and PBS alone group was similar. On PID 11, in the wounds of nude mice in ESC alone group and ESC/ADM group, the cells with positive expression of CD49f were respectively 135±7 and 185±15, and the mRNA expressions of GAPDH were positive; while there were no expressions of CD49f nor mRNA of GAPDH in the wounds of nude mice in PBS alone group and ADM alone group. Conclusions: ESC/ADM particles can promote the wound healing of full-thickness skin defects in nude mice, which may be related to the improved survival rate of ESCs after transplantation and the promotion of dermal structure rearrangement and angiogenesis by ADM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Rats , Acellular Dermis , Fibroblasts , Mice, Nude , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stem Cells , Swine , Wound Healing
13.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 928-935, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921561

ABSTRACT

A good hydration status is important to the exercise performance and cognitive function of exercisers.The effective restoration of fluid balance after exercise is helpful to prevent dehydration,maintain body fluid balance,accelerate fatigue recovery,and enhance exercise performance.As the most effective sports nutrition supplement,sports beverage has different ingredients and formulas,and also has various effects.To provide clues for the development of sports beverage,this article reviews the types,components,effects,and mechanisms of sports beverage currently used in post-exercise fluid restoration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Beverages , Dehydration , Exercise , Fluid Therapy , Sports , Water-Electrolyte Balance
14.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 716-726, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921530

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage on post-exercise rehydration of healthy young men in different seasons,and to explore the influence of seasonal adaptability on fluid and electrolyte balance.Methods Fifteen healthy men,aged(24.4±0.5)years,completed 2 trails in a random crossover design both in summer and winter.During recovery,they consumed a drink volume equivalent to 100% of their sweat loss with plain boiled water(the water group)or carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage(the beverage group).Recovery was monitored for further 180 minutes by the collection of blood and urine samples.Results The dehydration time in summer was significantly shorter by about 20 minutes than that in winter(


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Beverages , Cross-Over Studies , Dietary Carbohydrates , Electrolytes , Fluid Therapy , Seasons
15.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 181-186, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985206

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the accuracy of Nolla method for age estimation of Northern Chinese Han children aged between 5.00 and 14.99 years based on original transformation tables and multiple regression model. Methods A total of 2 000 orthopantomographs (OPGs) were collected from the Hospital of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, including 1 000 males and 1 000 females. Development stage of 7 left mandibular permanent teeth (except third molars) was assessed based on Nolla method, then age estimation was conducted through transformation tables and multiple regression model, respectively. Firstly, the development stage results of 7 permanent teeth were added up and the estimated age was obtained through the original transformation tables. Secondly, 80% of the samples (80 males and 80 females in each age group) were randomly selected from 2 000 OPGs as the train set. The chronological age of the selected patients was taken as the dependent variable, while gender and the development stage results of 7 permanent teeth were taken as the independent variable to establish multiple regression model. The remaining 20% of the samples were substituted into the model as the test set, to verify the accuracy of age estimation by multiple regression model. Results Mean chronological ages of males and females were 10.03±0.09 years and 10.01±0.09 years, respectively. The age estimated by original transformation tables showed an overestimation for males (0.18 years on average) and an underestimation for females (0.02 years on average), with mean absolute error (MAE) of 0.94 years and 0.97 years, respectively. While the results by multiple regression model showed that males were overestimated by 0.06 years on average and females were underestimated by 0.02 years on average. The MAE was 0.66 years and 0.77 years, respectively. Conclusion The Nolla method is suitable for age estimation of Northern Chinese Han children. Compared with the original transformation tables method, the multiple regression model is more accurate for age estimation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Age Determination by Teeth , Asian People , China , Molar, Third , Radiography, Panoramic
16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 783-788, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942957

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of sporadic multiple primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Case inclusion criteria: (1) postoperative pathological diagnosis of GIST; (2) primary GIST with single lesion or sporadic multiple primary GIST (sporadic GIST was defined as primary GIST other than familial and syndrome-related GIST, and multiple primary GIST was defined as the number of primary GISTs in the same patient ≥ 2); (3) patients with complete clinicopathological data. Those with tumor recurrence or distant metastasis, and with other malignancies were excluded. Medical records of patients with primary GIST who underwent surgical resection in the Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2010 to December 2020 were collected. Patients were divided into sporadic multiple primary GIST group and single primary GIST group according to the number of primary GIST lesions. The clinicopathological data and prognosis of the two groups were observed and compared. Results: A total of 1200 patients with primary GIST were enrolled in this study, including 628 males (52.3%) and 572 females (47.7%), with a median onset age of 58 (19-93) years. Among them, 1165 cases (97.1%) were sporadic primary GIST with single lesion; 35 cases (2.9%) were sporadic multiple primary GIST. Among 35 cases of sporadic multiple primary GIST, 3 cases (8.6%) had acid reflux as the first symptom, which was higher than the single primary GIST group (22/1165, 1.9%) (χ(2)=7.437, P=0.006). There were no significant differences in other clinical characteristics between the two groups (all P>0.05). Patients in the sporadic multiple primary GIST group contained a total of 80 primary tumors. Compared with the single primary GIST group, the sporadic multiple primary GIST group had a higher proportion of tumors originating in the stomach [87.5% (70/80) vs. 59.1% (689/1165)], lower proportion of spindle cell in histology [85.0% (68/80) vs. 93.7% (1092/1165)], higher proportion of positive CD34 [97.5% (78/80) vs. 87.6% (1021/1165)], smaller maximum diameter [maximum diameter ≤2.0 cm: 61.2% (49/80) vs. 28.8% (335/1165)], lower mitotic rate [≤5/50 high-power fields (HPF): 93.8% (75/80) vs. 74.5% (868/1165)], lower risk of recurrence [60.0% (48/80) vs. 23.3% (271/1165)], and the differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.05). The 3-year recurrence-free survival rate in the sporadic multiple primary group and the single primary GIST group was 96.6% and 89.3% respectively (P=0.160), and the 3-year overall survival rate was 100.0% and 92.8%, respectively (P=0.088). Conclusions: The most common type of sporadic multiple primary GIST is multiple tumors originating in the stomach at the same time. Compared with primary GIST with single lesion, sporadic multiple primary GIST presents smaller maximum diameter and lower mitotic rate. The prognosis of patients between two groups is not significantly different.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 37-42, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941231

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the radial artery thrombosis (RAT) during transradial coronary angiography (CAG) and/or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) by optical coherence tomography (OCT), and to investigate the risk factors of RAT during the CAG and/or PCI. Methods: In this retrospective study, we consecutively reviewed the radial artery OCT examination results of the patients who underwent OCT guided transradial CAG and/or PCI for acute coronary syndrome in heart center of Beijing Luhe hospital, Capital Medical University from October 2017 to July 2018. The incidence of RAT was observed. The patients were divided into the RAT group and non-RAT group, clinical data were collected and compared. Moreover, the types and distributions of thrombus in radial artery as well as the acute radial artery injuries under OCT were observed. Univariate analysis followed by multivariate analysis were performed to identify potential risk factors. The radial artery patency and ischemic symptoms of the involved limb were followed up at the 24-hour and the 1-month after procedure. Results: A total of 107 patients were included, the age was (58.1±12.5), and 78.5% were male (n=84). The incidence of RAT was 26.2% (n=28, 95%CI 17.9%-34.5%), and the main type of thrombus was white thrombus (n=15, 53.6%). The commonest position of RAT was the proximal portion of radial artery (n=17, 60.7%). The median thrombus volume was 0.05(0.03, 0.38) mm3, and the median thrombus score was 6.5 (3.3, 13.8). In univariate analysis, the frequency of acute radial artery injury and use of bivalirudin were significantly higher and the procedure time was significantly longer in RAT group than those in non-RAT group (all P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that the radial artery acute injury (OR=5.82, 95%CI: 2.09-16.20, P=0.001) and the procedure time (OR=1.04, 95%CI: 1.01-1.06, P=0.006) were independent risk factors of RAT. Rate of radial artery occlusion at 24 hours follow-up was similar between RAT and non-RAT group (7.14%(2/28), vs. 10.13%(8/79), P=1.000). None of the patients complicated severe ischemic symptom of the operative limb. Conclusions: RAT is a high frequency access complication during transradial coronary intervention. This phenomenon can be accurately observed by OCT. Acute radial artery injury and prolonged procedure time are risk factors of RAT during transradial coronary intervention.

18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1688-1691, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906564

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the prospective effect of dietary intake of total fat and fatty acids on menarcheal timing among girls,and to provide a theoretical basis for preventing the early puberty development of Chinese children.@*Methods@#Using the data from 1997-2015 China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), 1 240 girls aged 6-13 with menarche information, baseline dietary survey data and at least one follow up assessment were selected. Cox regression analysis was performed to examine the prospective effect of dietary intake of total fat and fatty acids before menarche on age at menarche.@*Results@#The mean baseline age of the participants was (8.3±1.8). After adjustment for year of birth, residence, household income, dietary energy intake and body mass index Z score at baseline, girls in the highest quartile of intake of total fat and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) had a 30% and 34% higher probability of experiencing menarche at an earlier age than those in the lowest quartile [ HR(HR 95%CI )=1.30 (1.01~1.68),1.34(1.05~1.70)]. After adjusting for the confounders, there were no correlations between the intake of saturated fatty acid (SFA) and monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and the onset of menarche [ HR(HR 95%CI )=1.24(0.98~1.58),1.25(0.97~ 1.62 )]( P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#Higher dietary intake of total fat and PUFA before menarche may lead to earlier age at menarche and no correlation between intake of SFA and MUFA before menarche with age at menarche is found among Chinese girls.

19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 631-635, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876419

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Given the improved understanding of the complexity of individual diets, the method of evaluating dietary characteristics by analyzing the overall dietary pattern has been widely explored. The Dietary Index is commonly used to assess dietary patterns. Some countries have established dietary indices that are suitable for the diet and growth characteristics of children in their domestic population. The study aimed to review widely used and representative dietary indices for children, and to analyze the characteristics of the established index system and the scoring methods that were used for each dietary index, so as to provide a basis for developing a more accurate assessment of overall diet quality in children.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 506-509, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876353

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the development trajectory of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in childhood, and to explore the influence of different SSB intake patterns on childhood obesity.@*Methods@#In 2016, a follow-up cohort study was carried out in two primary schools in Bengbu, Anhui Province. Three annual follow-ups were conducted in 1 263 children at baseline, and 997 children were included in the final analysis. Parental and student questionnaires were used to obtain basic information related to the children s consumption of SSBs. A group-based trajectory model (GBTM) was applied to classify the development trajectory of SSB intake patterns in childhood. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to assess the correlation between different SSB intake patterns and childhood obesity.@*Results@#GBTM identified four childhood SSB intake patterns, namely, the "persistently-low group (n=822), “decreasing-after-increasing” group (n=20), “gradually-decreasing” group (n=106), and “increasing” group (n=49). In the decreasing-after-increasing group and the gradually-decreasing group, baseline BMI levels and BMI levels obtained at the three follow-ups were significantly higher than those observed in the persistently-low group (F=6.26, 5.90, 5.99, 5.87, P<0.01). There were sex differences in the association between SSB intake patterns and the children s BMI levels. Among girls, after adjusting for confounding factors, the gradually decreasing group increased by 1.20 kg/m 2(B=1.20,95%CI=0.25-2.15, P=0.01) when compared with the persistently low group at the third follow-up. Among boys, no statistically significant association was found between SSB intake patterns and BMI levels (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Sex differences were observed with respect to the association between SSB intake patterns and obesity in children. Girls with a higher SSB intake had a significantly increased risk of obesity. Further studies are needed to explore the physiological mechanisms underlying sex differences, to provide the theoretical basis for developing intervention programs to prevent childhood obesity.

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