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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907154

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a rapid prediction method of the antioxidant activity in aqueous extract solutions of Melastoma dodecandrum based on ultraviolet spectroscopy and partial least squares regression algorithm. Methods The DPPH free radical scavenging effect was used to characterize the antioxidant activity of aqueous extract solutions of Melastoma dodecandrum. The ultraviolet spectra of 190-600 nm were collected. The partial least squares regression model of antioxidant activity was established after optimizing the wavelength range and preprocessing method. The software was devised using Visual Basic as the integrated development environment to provide a convenient tool for the rapid determination of antioxidant activity. Results The optimal partial least squares regression model was established based on 200-290 nm as wavelength range and unit variance scaling as preprocessing method. The correlation coefficient of calibration, root mean square error of estimation, root mean square error of cross-validation was 0.887, 2.20% and 2.17%, respectively. The correlation coefficient of validation, root mean square error of prediction was 0.868, 2.08%. The average predicted recovery was 100.1±2.3%. With the predictive function in the software, the antioxidant activity of aqueous extract solution of Melastoma dodecandrum can be calculated automatically within 2 s after collecting the ultraviolet spectra. Conclusions This study provides a rapid method for the prediction of antioxidant activity in aqueous extract solutions of Melastoma dodecandrum.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 207-212, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935928

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS) concentration changes on platelet release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and thrombospondin (TSP)-1 in patients with decompensated cirrhotic portal hypertension after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure. Methods: 169 cases with cirrhotic portal hypertension were enrolled, of which 81 cases received TIPS treatment. LPS, VEGF, and TSP-1 concentrations with different Child-Pugh class in peripheral blood plasma of patients were measured. After pre-incubation of normal human platelets with different concentrations of LPS and stimulated by collagen in vitro, platelet PAC-1 expression rate, VEGF, and TSP-1 concentrations were detected. PAC-1 expression rate and the concentrations of LPS, VEGF and TSP-1 in peripheral blood plasma of patients before and after TIPS procedure were detected. The relationship between plasma LPS, VEGF and TSP-1 concentrations and Child-Pugh score changes in patients after TIPS procedure was analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed by t-test, one-way ANOVA or Pearson's rho according to different data. Results: Plasma LPS and TSP-1 concentrations were significantly higher in Child-Pugh class C patients than class A and B, but the concentration of plasma VEGF was significantly lower than class A and B (P < 0.01). In vitro experiments showed that concentration of LPS, TSP-1, and platelet PAC-1 expression rate was higher in the supernatant, but the difference in the concentration of VEGF in the supernatant was not statistically significant. Portal vein pressure and platelet activation were significantly decreased (P < 0.01) in patients after TIPS procedure. Portal venous pressure, platelet activation, plasma LPS, and TSP-1 levels were significantly decreased continuously, while VEGF levels were significantly increased continuously after TIPS procedure. Plasma LPS concentration was positively correlated with TSP-1 concentration (r = 0.506, P < 0.001), and negatively correlated with VEGF concentration (r = -0.167, P = 0.010). Child-Pugh score change range was negatively correlated with change range of plasma VEGF concentration (r = -0.297, P = 0.016), and positively correlated with change range of plasma TSP-1 concentration (r = 0.145, P = 0.031) after TIPS. Conclusion: Portal venous pressure gradient, plasma LPS concentration and corresponding platelet activation was decreased in cirrhotic portal hypertension after TIPS procedure, and with TSP-1 reduction and VEGF elevation it is possible to reduce the liver function injury caused by portal venous shunt.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Humans , Hypertension, Portal/etiology , Lipopolysaccharides , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Plasma , Portasystemic Shunt, Transjugular Intrahepatic/adverse effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940491

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of ethyl acetate extract of Acanthopanacis Senticosi Radix et Rhizoma seu Caulis on high-fat diet-induced apolipoprotein E gene knockout (ApoE-/-) mice, and explore its mechanism of treating atherosclerosis by regulating intestinal flora. MethodThirty-two 8-week-old male ApoE-/- mice were randomly divided into model group, rosuvastatin group (10 mg·kg-1), high-, low-dose groups of ethyl acetate extract of Acanthopanacis Senticosi Radix et Rhizoma seu Caulis (75, 25 mg·kg-1), with 8 mice in each group. Eight C57BL/6 mice were used as blank group. After 8 weeks of continuous administration, blood was taken to determine the blood lipid level. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the contents of related indexes in serum of mice. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the formation of aortic plaque in mice. Cecal contents were collected and 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing was used to detect intestinal flora. ResultCompared with the blank group, the plaque area of the model group was significantly increased with inflammatory infiltration, the contents of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), inflammatory factors and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were increased, while the content of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was decreased. Compared with the model group, rosuvastatin group and high- and low-dose groups of ethyl acetate extract of Acanthopanacis Senticosi Radix et Rhizoma seu Caulis could improve the deposition of aortic plaque, reduce the contents of TG, TC, LDL-C, inflammatory factors and iNOS, and increase the content of HDL-C. Compared with the blank group, the relative abundances of Firmicutes and Proteobacteria in the model group increased, while the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes decreased. Alpha and Beta diversity analysis showed that samples of each group could be significantly isolated, and the total number and abundance of intestinal flora species in the model group were low. Compared with the model group, ethyl acetate extract of Acanthopanacis Senticosi Radix et Rhizoma seu Caulis could increase the relative abundance of beneficial bacteria and decrease the relative abundance of pathogenic bacteria. ConclusionEthyl acetate extract of Acanthopanacis Senticosi Radix et Rhizoma seu Caulis was mainly composed of flavonoids, which can treat atherosclerosis by regulating the intestinal flora and improve the pathological changes in the aorta of ApoE-/- mice induced by high-fat diet. The mechanism may be related to its ability to reduce the level of inflammatory factors, improve antioxidant capacity and repair the disorder of intestinal flora structure.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908295

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of 1M3S nursing management mode combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) on intestinal microecological distribution in patients with primary liver cancer.Methods:A total of 115 patients with primary liver cancer in Hai′an people′s Hospital from January 2017 to January 2020 were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups according to the admission time. Patients ( n=56) receiving routine nursing care from January 2017 to December 2018 were set as control group, patients ( n=59) receiving 1M3S nursing management from January 2019 to January 2020 were set as observation group. Another 34 healthy individuals were set as healthy group from January 2017 to January 2020 in Hai′an People′s Hospital. The general data were collected in all three groups, and the serum levels of endotoxin (ET), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were detected. Fecal samples were collected, and 16S rDNA sequencing method was used to analyze the fecal flora structure and species relative abundance among groups, and alpha diversity was analyzed. Results:At the level of phylum, the dominant phylum of the three groups were Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. After TACE, the ET, ALT and AST levels were (9.67±2.12) ng/L, (53.24±8.47) U/L, (55.48±8.15) U/L in the control group, (4.36±2.15) ng/L, (45.31±8.36) U/L, (47.25±8.21) U/L in the observation group ( t value was 13.328, 5.052, 5.392, P<0.05). Compared with the control group, there was an increase in the relative abundance percentage of Firmicutes( t value was 16.426, P<0.01) and Lachnospiraceae in the observation group ( t value was 4.527, P<0.01), and a decrease in the relative abundance percentage of Proteobacteria ( t value was 8.462, P<0.001) after intervention. Conclusions:TACE can affect the intestinal bacteria in patients with primary liver cancer, resulting in a decrease in the relative abundance of Proteobacteria, Lachnospiraceae, and an increase in the relative abundance of Firmicutes, while application of 1M3S nursing management mode can effectively reduce the level of endotoxin, improve liver function, and reduce the imbalance of intestinal flora caused by TACE.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912599

ABSTRACT

Objective:Through the analysis of the evaluation index system of the major rankings of universities and hospitals, this paper aims to provide a reference for the discipline construction of affiliated hospitals in universities.Methods:This paper comprehensively analyzes and compares the evaluation objectives and indicators of the five major rankings of universities and the three major rankings of hospitals in China and abroad.Results:Each main rankings have its own characteristics that both positive and with possible limitations.Conclusions:Hospital management departments can refer certain indicators in order to identify possible gaps of the hospital discipline development. Also, tailored corresponding measurements for discipline development can be developed in combination with real-needs.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911711

ABSTRACT

Department of General practice of West China Hospital of Sichuan University has been commissioned to train general practitioner for Tibet Autonomous Region since 2015. Based on the "demand-oriented and clinical ability training", the established training framework includes four aspects: a rotation plan of general practice theory-clinical practice-community application, the closed-loop mechanism of teaching management system improvement,innovation of training assessment and teaching activities. This article summarizes the practical experience of the commissioned general practice residency training for Tibet to provide reference for the program design.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 487-495, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873772

ABSTRACT

Nanoparticles have better applicability in the detection, treatment of cancer and various difficult diseases, but mononuclear phagocytosis system can seriously shorten the time of nanoparticles in vivo circulation, reduce the drug efficacy. The protein crown formed on the surface of the nanoparticle after entering the body can change its surface properties, interfere with the recognition of phagocytes, and thus affect its circulation time in vivo. This article outlines the general composition and formation process of protein crowns. It also summarizes the influence of the physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles, such as particle size, surface charge, hydrophilicity and surface materials on the formation of protein crowns. The protein crown affects the circulation of nanoparticles in vivo, mainly because the adsorbed opsonic protein promotes cell phagocytosis. Therefore, we also introduce the method of using protein crowns to promote the long circulation of nanoparticles in vivo. By designing appropriate physical and chemical properties, surface modification, and directed design of protein crowns, the adsorption of proteins on the surface of nanoparticles can be reduced. Therefore, it can reduce the clearance of nanoparticles in the mononuclear phagocytic system (mainly the phagocytes of the liver and spleen), and achieve the goal of long circulation of nanoparticles in the body.

8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10099, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142582

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to analyze the infection rate and drug resistance of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and Mycoplasma hominis (MH) in the genitourinary tract of Chinese patients. From December 2018 to June 2019, vaginal secretion or urinary secretion of outpatients in our hospital were selected for culture and drug sensitivity analysis of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis. In 4082 Chinese samples, 1567 Mycoplasma were detected, a detection rate of 38.39%, among which 1366 cases were UU single positive, accounting for 33.47%, 15 cases were MH single positive, accounting for 0.36%, 186 cases were UU and MH mixed positive, accounting for 4.56%. The most affected age groups were 21-30 years and 31-40 years, accounting for 19.09 and 15.05%, respectively. The results of drug sensitivity showed that doxycycline, minocycline, josamycin, clarithromycin, and roxithromycin were more sensitive to mycoplasma infection. The distribution of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis in the human genitourinary system and their sensitivity to antibiotics is different for sex and age groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Ureaplasma urealyticum/drug effects , Ureaplasma Infections/microbiology , Mycoplasma hominis/drug effects , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , China , Ureaplasma urealyticum/isolation & purification , Mycoplasma hominis/isolation & purification , Asians , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829552

ABSTRACT

@#The conventional equilibrium dialysis and ultrafiltration methods cannot be used to determine the protein binding of some peptides because of their non-specific adsorption on the semipermeable membrane or poor stability in the plasma. The method of dextran-coated charcoal adsorption combined with LC-MS/MS were used. Based on the kinetic principle of initial rate of candidate drugs absorbed to dextran-coated charcoal, seven phosphorylated peptides with the same amino acid sequence and different configurations in rat plasma were selected as the study model using; the protein binding in rat plasma were determined; the amino acid distribution rules affecting the changes in protein binding rates of peptide candidate drugs were summarized. The results suggest that the dextran charcoal adsorption method, as a supplementary method for the determination of plasma protein binding, is suitable for peptides or organic drug candidates that cannot be determined by traditional techniques.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822996

ABSTRACT

@#To identify novel inhibitors targeting the polo-box domain of polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1 PBD), a series of new peptidomimetics (7a-7u) without phosphate group were designed and synthesized, where the phosphate group in the structure of the selective Plk1 PBD inhibitor PLHSpT was replaced by the carboxyl group, and the unnatural amino acids were applied for further modification and optimization. The 21 peptidomimetic compounds designed and synthesized had a strong inhibitory effect on Plk1 PBD, of which compound 7l highly selectively inhibited Plk1 PBD with IC50 of 0.285 μmol/L. The growth inhibition effect of HeLa tumor cell lines in vitro was better than that of compounds containing phosphate group. Moreover, the stability of the compound in rat plasma was improved by unnatural amino acids. Thus it is proved that selective Plk1 PBD inhibitor with improved characters can be obtained by replacing the phosphate group with a carboxyl group and restructuring the peptide chain.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878827

ABSTRACT

Unmanned aerial vehicle(UAV) remote sensing and vegetation index have great potential in the field of Chinese herbal medicine planting. In this study, the visible light image of Polygonatum odoratum planting area in Changyi district of Jilin province were acquired by UAV, and the real-time monitoring of P. odoratum planting area was realized. The green leaf index(GLI) was established, and GLI values of P. odoratum were collected used the spatial sampling points. To compare the GLI values in different periods, it was found that the GLI values of P. odoratum have three stages changing rule of rising-gentle-falling related to the germination, vigorous growth and withered of P. odoratum growth. Meanwhile, the GLI values were compared with four biomass data of P. odoratum, including plant height, leaf area, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b content in leaves, and it was found that the GLI value was related to the growth potential of P. odoratum. The GLI value with a rapid increase in rising stage or at a high level in the gentle stage means the P. odoratum was in a better growth potential. GLI value has a same change trend with plant height, and has certain correlation with plant height and leaf area. However, there is no obvious relationship between chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b contents in leaves and GLI value. The study clarified the change rule of GLI value of P. odoratum, explained the reason for the change of GLI value, and expanded the application range of GLI. The research shows that UAV and vegetation index can be applied to monitoring the Chinese herbal medicines planting, and provides a new idea for exploring more effective information extraction methods of Chinese herbal medicines.


Subject(s)
Chlorophyll A , Plant Leaves , Polygonatum , Remote Sensing Technology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influencing factors of the operative effect on cervical spinal cord injury without fracture or dislocation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 69 patients with cervical spinal cord injury without fracture or dislocation from November 2010 to November 2016 who received operation were retrospectively analyzed. There were 37 males and 32 females, aged from 32 to76 years with an average of (51.6±7.3) years. The clinical data of 12 factors were selected, including age, gender, ASIA grade of spine cord injury, the length of spine cord injury by MRI, Pavlov ratio, ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), intervertebral disc herniation, type of spine cord injury by MRI, time from injury to operation, treatment of high-dose methylprednisolone, operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume. In order to screen the main influencing factors of above items to prognosis, the single factor and multiple factor Logistic regression analysis were used in the clinical data by SPSS 22.0 statistical software.@*RESULTS@#Univariate analysis results showed that the factors including ASIA grade of spine cord injury, the length of spine cord injury by MRI, Pavlov ratio, ossification of longitudinal ligament, intervertebral disc herniation, the type of spine cord injury by MRI were associated with prognosis (<0.05). Multi factor analysis of the selected factors indicated that the type of spine cord injury by MRI, the length of spine cord injury by MRI, Pavlov ratio, ASIA grade of spine cord injury were the main prognostic factors according to the influence intensity (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The influencing factors of the operative effect on cervical spinal cord injury without fracture and dislocation were the type of spine cord injury by MRI, the length of spine cord injury by MRI, Pavlov ratio, ASIA grade of spine cord injury, and the foremost were the type and length of spine cord injury by MRI. Compared with other patients, preoperative MRI showed the patient with spinal cord injury type with bleeding and edema, or the length of spine cord injury larger than 45 mm may be less effective, therefore, it is necessary to thoroughly communicate with the patients and their kin before surgery.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787779

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify the consistency of invasive dynamic blood pressure (BP) monitoring between the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and the common carotid artery (CCA). METHODS: Eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were cannulated in SMA and CCA simultaneously for BP monitoring, respectively. The abdominal aorta was prepared for the induction of BP change through clamping/de-clamping by a microvascular clip. The dynamic BP monitoring was performed by a polygraph system. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) values would be recorded during different time periods: the baseline (T1), the increasing period after clamping (T2), the platform period during clamping (T3), the decreasing period after de-clamping (T4), and the final platform period (T5). Three trials were performed on each rat with 15-minute intervals between consecutive monitoring. RESULTS: Systolic BP showed no significant differences between SMA and CCA. However, significant difference was found in diastolic blood pressure except at T5 (P=0.534). Mean arterial pressure of two arteries were signifi cantly different only at T1 (P=0.015). The strength of association was significantly high between BP measurements through SMA and CCA (P<0.001). The Bland- Altman analyses showed that mean bias of MAP changed no more than 5 mmHg and standard deviation less than 8 mmHg during T2 and T4, respectively. CONCLUSION: The study indicates SMA might be an alternative site for invasive BP monitoring during abdominal aorta occlusion and release, especially in cerebrovascular-related research.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 148-152, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787635

ABSTRACT

To analyze the clinical characteristics of cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia and a preliminary study to explore the relationship between different clinical classification and liver damage. Consecutively confirmed novel coronavirus infection cases admitted to seven designated hospitals during January 23, 2020 to February 8, 2020 were included. Clinical classification (mild, moderate, severe, and critical) was carried out according to the diagnosis and treatment program of novel coronavirus pneumonia (Trial Fifth Edition) issued by the National Health Commission. The research data were analyzed using SPSS19.0 statistical software. Quantitative data were expressed as median (interquartile range), and qualitative data were expressed as frequency and rate. 32 confirmed cases that met the inclusion criteria were included. 28 cases were of mild or moderate type (87.50%), and four cases (12.50%) of severe or critical type. Four cases (12.5%) were combined with one underlying disease (bronchial asthma, coronary heart disease, malignant tumor, chronic kidney disease), and one case (3.13%) was simultaneously combined with high blood pressure and malignant tumor. The results of laboratory examination showed that the alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), albumin (ALB), and total bilirubin (TBil) for entire cohort were 26.98 (16.88 ~ 46.09) U/L and 24.75 (18.71 ~ 31.79) U/L, 39.00 (36.20 ~ 44.20) g/L and 16.40 (11.34- ~ 21.15) mmol/L, respectively. ALT, AST, ALB and TBil of the mild or moderate subgroups were 22.75 (16.31- ~ 37.25) U/L, 23.63 (18.71 ~ 26.50) U/L, 39.70 (36.50 ~ 46.10) g/L, and 15.95 (11.34 ~ 20.83) mmol/L, respectively. ALT, AST, ALB and TBil of the severe or critical subgroups were 60.25 (40.88 ~ 68.90) U/L, 37.00 (20.88 ~ 64.45) U/L, 35.75 (28.68 ~ 42.00) g/L, and 20.50 (11.28 ~ 25.00) mmol/L, respectively. The results of this multicenter retrospective study suggests that novel coronavirus pneumonia combined with liver damage is more likely to be caused by adverse drug reactions and systemic inflammation in severe patients receiving medical treatment. Therefore, liver function monitoring and evaluation should be strengthened during the treatment of such patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the causes of SARS-CoV-2 nosocomial infection among healthcare workers (HCWs) and explore the effective precaution strategies in Emergency Center.Methods:The data of SARS-CoV-2 infected HCWs from January 5 to March 2, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed and compared under different conditions in Emergency Center of Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University.Results:Totally 13 SARS-CoV-2 infected HCWs (12 confirmed cases and 1 suspected case) were included in this study. The overall infection rate was 17.8% (13/73). The infection rates in outpatient/rescue room, isolation observation room and isolationin patient ward were 11.8% (4/34), 20.0% (3/15), 25% (6/24), respectively. The infection rate of physician was 13.0% (3/23), and the infection rate of nurse was 20.0% (10/50). All the infected HCWs had the definite exposure with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 patients. One asymptomatic cases were identified by laboratory findings of SARS-CoV-2 infection screening. There was no new confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infected HCWs after February 5, 2020. All the infected HCWs were cured.Conclusions:Under the epidemic of COVID-19, HCWs of Emergency Center have a high risk of occupational exposure and infection, especially for staffs working in COVID-19 isolation units. Scientific prevention and control management can effectively reduce the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infections and ensure the occupational safety for HCWs in Emergency Center.

16.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1871-1875, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857855

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study preparation process and formula of Kang'aiping dispersible tablets. METHODS: Orthogonal designs were used to optimize water extraction process of traditional Chinese herbs from Kang'aiping pills, spray drying process of extracts and formulas of Kang'aiping dispersible tablets. RESULTS: The optimal water-extraction process is established by adding eight times water of raw materials, boiling for 60 min and extracting for two times. The optimal spray drying process parameters are that the density of the liquid extracts is 1.20 g•mL-1, inlet air temperature is 180 ℃ and outlet air temperature is 80 ℃. And the optimal formula consists of 37% microcrystalline cellulose, 5:1 of the ratio of croscarmellose sodium and PVPP, and 0.15% magnesium stearate. CONCLUSION: Formula and process optimized by using orthogonal experimental design is suitable for preparation of Kang'aiping dispersible tablets.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851221

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the chemical constituents from the aerial part of Euphorbia sikkimensis. Methods The chemical constituents were isolated and purified through various column chromatographies. The structures of all the isolated compounds were identified by combination of spectroscopic methods (MS, 1H, 13C NMR) with the literature data. Results Sixteen compounds were isolated from the aerial part of E. sikkimensis. They were 9-epi-blumenol C (1), blumenol A (2), 4-hydroxy-2,3-dimethyl-2-nonen- 4-olide (3), caulilide I (4), 6-methoxy-7,8-methylenedioxycoumarin (5), herniarin (6), ingenol (7), sakuranetin (8), naringenin (9), luteolin (10), taraxerone (11), glutinone (12), phytol (13), 9,12,15-linoleic acid (14), 9,12-linoleic acid (15), and α-monpalmitin (16). Conclusion All the isolated compounds, except compounds 9 and 14, are isolated from this plant for the first time.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792150

ABSTRACT

Objective This paper aimed to discuss the construction strategy to promote research integrity in medical science from the perspective of hospital research administrators,and to provide theoretical basis for fulfilling the national strategic requirement of implementing "Scientific research integrity construction ".Methods Analyze and summarize the connotation,manifestations,causes and countermeasures of research integrity and research misconduct.Results The misconduct in medical scientific research occurred in various aspects,including scientific research projects,research papers,scientific achievements and other different stages.Behind reasons include weak sense of research integrity,lack of moral integrity education and training,improper academic evaluation system,lack of sound supervision,reward and punishment mechanism,etc.Conclusions A lot of strategies could adopted to promote the construction of research integrity and development of medical scientific research,for instance,strengthening scientific research integrity education,establishing a multi-dimensional evaluation system,improving the supervision,reward and punishment mechanism of scientific research integrity,as well as promote a better scientific research atmosphere.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1943-1948, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781514

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the gene mutation types and gene carrying rate of common thalassemia in patients with thalassemia in Quanzhou, and to analyze its molecular epidemiological characteristics in Quanzhou.@*METHODS@#546 patients with thalassemia diagnosed at the first hospital of Quanzhou from January 2017 to October 2018 were collected and retrospectively analyzed for their types of mutations and carrier rates.@*RESULTS@#Among the 4226 samples submitted, 546 positive samples were detected, the total carrying rate of the thalassaemia genes was 12.92%; the carrier rate of α-thalassemia was 8.16%; the carrier rate of β-thalassemia was 4.76%; There were more α-thalassemia missing patients than non-deleted patients. The Southeast Asian deletion type (-- /αα) was the most common one, with a composition ratio of 68.98%, which was followed by 22.61% (-α/αα), 2.61% (αα/αα), and 2.32% (αα/αα), 2.32% (αα/αα), 1.16% (-α/αα); 9 types of β-thalassemia gene mutations were detected. The most common three mutations were IVSII-654 (C→T, 42.29%), CD41-42 (-TTCT, 33.83%), CD17 (A→T, 12.94%). 2 cases of --/αα , 1 case of αα/ααα and 1 case of HKαα were detected.@*CONCLUSION@#This study shows that the gene carrying rate of thalassemia in Quanzhou is high and has diversity, which can provide some reference for the prevention and control of thalassemia in Quanzhou.


Subject(s)
China , Genotype , Humans , Mutation , Retrospective Studies , alpha-Thalassemia , beta-Thalassemia
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779476

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the pollution and source apportionment differences of different periods PM2.5 in the residential community of suburb in Tianjin City during heating and non-heating periods. Methods From 2015 to 2016, daytime and nighttime PM2.5 samples were collected at a community in the suburb of Tianjin. The mass concentration of PM2.5 samples and major chemical components in PM2.5, including metal elements, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and inorganic water-soluble ions were monitored. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) model was used to apportion potential sources of metal elements, PAHs and inorganic water-soluble ions in daytime and nighttime PM2.5. Results In the heating period, the concentrations of some metal elements of suburban residential community were higher in the daytime than in the nighttime. In the non-heating period, the concentrations of some PAHs and inorganic water-soluble ions of suburban residential community were higher in the nighttime than in the daytime. Meanwhile, the concentrations of some metal elements were greater in the daytime than in the nighttime. When in heating period, the main source of PM2.5 in the suburban residential community was coal combustion during daytime and its source contribution rate was 50.1% while secondary aerosol and fuel combustion emissions of gasoline and diesel vehicles were main sources during nighttime and their source contribution rates were 41.0% and 35.9%. The principal source of daytime PM2.5 in the suburban residential community was indoor activity emissions during non-heating period, and secondary aerosol was main source during nighttime and their source contribution rates were 29.8% and 31.1%. Conclusions The pollution status of PM2.5 in residential communities of suburban is serious, and the source apportionment of day and night PM2.5 samples has different in different heating periods.

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