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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919285

ABSTRACT

Background@#Percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) has been widely used in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases. Epidural injection of steroids can reduce the incidence and duration of postoperative pain in a short period of time. Although steroids are widely believed to reduce the effect of surgical trauma, the observation indicators are not uniform, especially the long-term effects, so the problem remains controversial. Therefore, the purpose of this paper was to evaluate the efficacy of epidural steroids following PTED. @*Methods@#We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Database from 1980 to June 2021 to identify randomized and non-randomized controlled trials comparing epidural steroids and saline alone following PTED. The primary outcomes included postoperative pain at least 6 months as assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). The secondary outcomes included length of hospital stay and the time of return to work. @*Results@#A total of 451 patients were included in three randomized and two nonrandomized controlled trials. The primary outcomes, including VAS and ODI scores, did not differ significantly between epidural steroids following PTED and saline alone. There were no significant intergroup differences in length of hospital stay. Epidural steroids were shown to be superior in terms of the time to return to work (P < 0.001). @*Conclusions@#Intraoperative epidural steroids did not provide significant benefits, leg pain control, improvement in ODI scores, and length of stay in the hospital, but it can enable the patient to return to work faster.

2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 460-471, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888754

ABSTRACT

Lifestyle interventions, including dietary adjustments and exercise, are important for obesity management. This study enrolled adults with overweight or obesity to explore whether either low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) or exercise is more effective in metabolism improvement. Forty-five eligible subjects were randomly divided into an LCD group (n = 22) and an exercise group (EX, n = 23). The subjects either adopted LCD (carbohydrate intake < 50 g/day) or performed moderate-to-vigorous exercise (⩾ 30 min/day) for 3 weeks. After the interventions, LCD led to a larger weight loss than EX ( - 3.56 ± 0.37 kg vs. - 1.24 ± 0.39 kg, P < 0.001), as well as a larger reduction in fat mass ( - 2.10 ± 0.18 kg vs. - 1.25 ± 0.24 kg, P = 0.007) and waist circumference ( - 5.25 ± 0.52 cm vs. - 3.45 ± 0.38 cm, P = 0.008). Both interventions reduced visceral and subcutaneous fat and improved liver steatosis and insulin resistance. Triglycerides decreased in both two groups, whereas low-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased in the LCD group but decreased in the EX group. Various glycemic parameters, including serum glycated albumin, mean sensor glucose, coefficient of variability (CV), and largest amplitude of glycemic excursions, substantially declined in the LCD group. Only CV slightly decreased after exercise. This pilot study suggested that the effects of LCD and exercise are similar in alleviating liver steatosis and insulin resistance. Compared with exercise, LCD might be more efficient for weight loss and glucose homeostasis in people with obesity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Glucose , Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted , Homeostasis , Humans , Pilot Projects , Weight Loss
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879819

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSⅡ) versus multiple daily injection (MDI) on blood glucose control in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 91 children with T1DM who were treated with CSⅡ for more than 1 year and 75 children with T1DM who were treated with MDI. The two groups were compared in terms of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C) and the recurrence of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) to evaluate the difference in the efficacy during the 3-year follow-up. A survey was conducted for the children in the CSⅡ group and their family members to investigate the degree of satisfaction with insulin pump.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in age, sex, and course of diabetes between the CSⅡ and MDI groups at disease onset and in the first year, the second year, and the third year of follow-up (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with T1DM treated with CSⅡ have a better control of blood glucose than those treated with MDI, and children and their family members are satisfied with CSⅡ treatment. Therefore, it holds promise for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Child , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/drug therapy , Diabetic Ketoacidosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Insulins , Retrospective Studies
4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 319-324, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879754

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to assess the association between psychological disorders and erectile dysfunction (ED) in patients with different degrees of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). This was a retrospective study conducted from June 2017 to October 2019 and included 182 outpatients. Patients were interviewed using the Structured Interview on Erectile Dysfunction (SIEDY) for pathogenic quantification. The National Institutes of Health-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) and the International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) were used for the evaluation of CP/CPPS and ED. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) were used to assess anxiety symptoms and depressive symptoms. The number of patients with mild CP/CPPS and mild ED, mild CP/CPPS and moderate-to-severe ED, moderate-to-severe CP/CPPS and mild ED, and moderate-to-severe CP/CPPS and moderate-to-severe ED was 69 (37.9%), 36 (19.8%), 35 (19.2%), and 42 (23.1%), respectively. The corresponding PHQ-9 scores of the four groups were 6.22, 7.19, 10.69, and 7.71, respectively. The corresponding GAD-7 scores of the four groups were 5.26, 6.31, 8.77, and 6.36, respectively. Among patients with moderate-to-severe CP/CPPS, the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 scores of the moderate-to-severe ED group were significantly lower than those of the mild ED group (P = 0.007 and P = 0.010, respectively). The prevalence of ED and premature ejaculation (PE) in patients with moderate-to-severe CP/CPPS was significantly higher than that in patients with mild CP/CPPS (P = 0.001 and P = 0.024, respectively). Our findings proved that the severity of ED was negatively associated with psychological symptoms in outpatients with moderate-to-severe CP/CPPS.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 871-876, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen differential metabolites and metabolic pathways in urine of adult patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD), so as to provide scientific basis for finding specific biomarkers and pathogenesis of KBD.Methods:In Yongshou County, the KBD area in Shaanxi Province, adult KBD patients were selected as the case group, and healthy people without clinical symptoms of KBD were selected as the control group in the same disease area. The subjects' fasting mid-morning urine was collected, and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) technology was used to detect small-molecule metabolites in the urine. Multivariate statistical analysis [partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA)] and comparison with KEGG and human metabonomics database (HMDB) were used to identify and screen differential metabolites and metabolic pathways in KBD patients.Results:A total of 58 subjects were included, 39 cases in the case group, including 23 males and 16 females; the age was (61.2 ± 7.8) years old; the body mass index was (22.7 ± 6.5) kg/m 2. There were 19 cases in the control group, including 10 males and 9 females; the age was (50.0 ± 9.0) years old; the body mass index was (24.3 ± 5.5) kg/m 2. Three first-order differential metabolites (HT-2 toxin, T-2 tetraol and seleno-adenosine selenomethionine) were identified and screened, which were highly related to the pathogenesis of KBD, and all were down-regulated. There were 38 second-order differential metabolites, among them, 10 were up-regulated and 28 were down-regulated. Nine differential metabolic pathways were screened, mainly involving amino acid metabolism, lipid metabolism and energy metabolism. Conclusions:The urine metabolism profiles of adult KBD patients and healthy people are significantly different, mainly involving amino acid metabolism, lipid metabolism and energy metabolism. The first-order differential metabolites HT-2 toxin, T-2 tetraol and seleno-adenosine selenomethionine are highly correlated with the pathogenesis of KBD.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the electroencephalogram (EEG) characteristics, heart rate (HR) changes and clinical characteristics during the episode of breath-holding spells(BHS), thus providing refe-rences for the differential diagnosis of infants with BHS.Methods:This was a retrospective single-center analysis involving consecutive 14 infants with HBS admitted in Wuhan Children′s Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology from November 2016 to December 2019.Results:A total of 16 episodes of crying-induced BHS were detected in the EEG of 14 infants, of which 3 were mild episodes without loss of consciousness and 13 were severe episodes with loss of consciousness.During the mild episodes, EEG presented a phase with slow-slow mode, and the average duration of each phase was (23.3±5.8) s and (16.7±5.8) s, respectively.In addition, the average recovery time from unconsciousness in 13 severe episodes was (16.7±12.3) s. Among the 13 severe episodes, EEG of 12 episodes presented a phase with slow-flat-slow mode, and the average duration of each phase was (26.4±8.5) s, (8.0±5.1) s and (84.6±46.6) s, respectively.Besides, the second slow wave phase usually started by the generalized delta rhythm with predominance in leads of anterior brain, with the average duration at (6.7±1.5) s. During the 16 episodes of BHS, cyanosis occurred in the first phase of slow wav, and loss of consciousness occurred in the flat phase.Transient bradycardia was observed in the second slow wave phase of 7 episodes, the first slow wave phase of 4 episodes and the flat phase of 2 episodes.Conclusions:Typical EEG pattern of in infants with mild BHS is slow-slow mode, and most of them with severe BHS is slow-flat-slow mode.In the first slow wave phase, slow wave always evolves rapidly.The unconsciousness mostly occurs in the flat period, the lasting time of which is closely related to the duration of the flat phase.The generalized delta rhythm with predominance in leads of anterior brain mostly starts in the second slow wave phase.A brief bradycardia often accompanies with the episodes of BHS in infants.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906129

ABSTRACT

Sanrentang, originally contained in the Regulations on Febrile Diseases written by WU Ju-tong in the Qing dynasty, was composed of eight traditional Chinese herbs to treat damp-warm diseases. It is a treatment method of gradually clearing away damp heat of tri-jiao, with characteristics of separating dispersion and mobilizing discharge. "Separating dispersion" means dispersion in separated ways, with different ways to eliminate dampness to export the dampness, heat, evil and turbid out of the body. "Mobilizing discharge" means discharge to stretch and unblock the Qi, to get rid of dampness and evil. It can be seen, Sanrentang, as a desiccating formula, taking "separating dispersion and mobilizing discharge" as the cubic basis, has a significant effect on both internal and external dampness associated with pathogenic heat syndrome, and its clinical application is quite extensive. After consulting the data of the past 10 years, the authors gave a brief overview on the syndrome theory, clinical application and pharmacological effects of Sanrentang, and elaborated the therapeutic effect and pharmacological effect of Sanrentang in the clinical application of upper, middle and lower Tri-jiao respectively, providing theoretical reference for effective development and utilization of Sanrentang. Coronavirus disease-2019(COVID-19) swept the world in early 2020 and it is a great challenge for the medical community to seek for effective prevention and treatment methods. For COVID-19, although the cause of the disease belongs to the Qi of "pestilence", many doctors have different opinions on the pathogenic characteristics. However, they all agree with the clinical characteristics of "dampness". COVID-19, which has the attribute of "dampness evil", is so sticky that it can't be cured at once. In addition to the main symptoms such as fever and cough, it is also characterized by the middle-jiao dampness symptoms such as poor appetite, fullness of abdomen, loose stool and diarrhea. It is worthy to further explore the application prospect of Sanrentang in COVID-19 prevention and treatment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905892

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of Chaihu Jia Longgu Mulitang (CJLM) on hippocampal NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3)inflammasome pathway in rats with depression. Method:Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group,a model group, a MCC950 (1 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and high- (13 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (6.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and low-dose (3.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) Chaihu Jia Longgu Mulitang groups, with 10 rats in each group.The depression model was induced by isolation combined with chronic unpredictable mild stimulation(CUMS) in rats except for those in the normal group. Rats were treated correspondingly for 21 days by intraperitoneal injection in the MCC950 group and gavage in other groups. The normal group and the model group received an equal volume of normal saline. The depression-like behaviors of rats were observed by sucrose preference test (SPT) and novelty-suppressed feeding test. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the levels of interleukin-1<italic>β </italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>) and IL-18 in the hippocampus of depressed rats. Western blot was used to detect the protein levels of NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a C-terminal caspase recruitment domain (ASC), and Caspase-1. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased sucrose preference rate (<italic>P</italic><0.01), prolonged novelty-suppressed feeding time (<italic>P</italic><0.01), enhanced protein expression of NLRP3,ASC, and caspase-1<italic> </italic>(<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and elevated expression of IL-1<italic>β</italic> and IL-18 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:CJLM can alleviate depression-like behaviors in CUMS-induced model rats, and the underlying mechanism is related to the inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway.

9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 918-927, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904287

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We compared the clinical outcomes of modified procedures for associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) based on a risk-reduced strategy with those of classic ALPPS procedures in treating large liver carcinoma. @*Materials and Methods@#Short-term outcomes, increases in future liver remnant (FLR) and functional FLR (FFLR), and overall survival (OS) were compared between 45 consecutive patients treated with modified ALPPS procedures and 34 patients treated with classic ALPPS procedures. @*Results@#Clinical outcomes after the 1st-stage operation markedly improved with the modified procedures. Although the proportions of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma were higher in the modified group, the mortality and incidence of severe complications did not increase. FLR and FFLR hypertrophy at 1 week after the 1st-stage operation were similar in both groups; however, kinetic growth rates in the modified group were lower. OS rates were similar. @*Conclusion@#Modified ALPPS procedures could be safely applied to provide long-term survival for patients with liver cirrhosis without sufficient FLR.

10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 918-927, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896583

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We compared the clinical outcomes of modified procedures for associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) based on a risk-reduced strategy with those of classic ALPPS procedures in treating large liver carcinoma. @*Materials and Methods@#Short-term outcomes, increases in future liver remnant (FLR) and functional FLR (FFLR), and overall survival (OS) were compared between 45 consecutive patients treated with modified ALPPS procedures and 34 patients treated with classic ALPPS procedures. @*Results@#Clinical outcomes after the 1st-stage operation markedly improved with the modified procedures. Although the proportions of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma were higher in the modified group, the mortality and incidence of severe complications did not increase. FLR and FFLR hypertrophy at 1 week after the 1st-stage operation were similar in both groups; however, kinetic growth rates in the modified group were lower. OS rates were similar. @*Conclusion@#Modified ALPPS procedures could be safely applied to provide long-term survival for patients with liver cirrhosis without sufficient FLR.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922773

ABSTRACT

Pai-Nong-San (PNS), a prescription of traditional Chinese medicine, has been used for years to treat abscessation-induced diseases including colitis and colorectal cancer. This study was aimed to investigate the preventive effects and possible protective mechanism of PNS on a colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CAC) mouse model induced by azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sodium sulfate (DSS). The macroscopic and histopathologic examinations of colon injury and DAI score were observed. The inflammatory indicators of intestinal immunity were determined by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. The high throughput 16S rRNA sequence of gut microbiota in the feces of mice was performed. Western blot was used to investigate the protein expression of the Wnt signaling pathway in colon tissues. PNS improved colon injury, as manifested by the alleviation of hematochezia, decreased DAI score, increased colon length, and reversal of pathological changes. PNS treatment protected against AOM/DSS-induced colon inflammation by regulating the expression of CD4


Subject(s)
Animals , Azoxymethane/toxicity , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Colitis/genetics , Dextran Sulfate/toxicity , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Wnt Signaling Pathway/drug effects
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1403-1410, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish cytarabine-resistant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cell lines and investigate its possible resistant mechanism.@*METHODS@#Low-concentration cytarabine (Ara-C) continuously induced and cultured Jurkat and Nalm-6 cells to construct cytarabine-resistant cell lines Jurkat/Ara-C and Nalm-6/Ara-C. The cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay, and the distribution of cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of multidrug resistant gene and Ara-C metabolic enzymes. The expression levels of cyclin were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Jurkat/Ara-C and Nalm-6/Ara-C drug-resistant cell lines were successfully established, the resistance index of which was 1 973.908±161.163 and 7 231.643± 1 190.624, respectively. Drug-resistant cell lines had no cross-resistance to commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs, such as doxorubicin. Flow cytometry showed that the ratio of G@*CONCLUSION@#Cytarabine-resistant ALL cell lines are successfully established by using low concentration continuous induction method, and its drug-resistant mechanism may be related to the deficiencies of DCK and cyclinB1.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2 , Cell Line , Cytarabine/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921806

ABSTRACT

In this study, the molecular mechanism of astragaloside Ⅳ(AS-Ⅳ) in the treatment of Parkinson's disease(PD) was explored based on network pharmacology, and the potential value of AS-Ⅳ in alleviating neuronal injury in PD by activating the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway was verified through molecular docking and in vitro experiments. Such databases as SwissTargetPrediction, BTMAN-TAM, and GeneCards were used to predict the targets of AS-Ⅳ for the treatment of PD. The Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins(STRING) was employed to analyze protein-protein interaction(PPI) and construct a PPI network, and the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery(DAVID) was used for Gene Ontology(GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Based on the results of GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway analysis, the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway was selected for further molecular docking and in vitro experiments in this study. The in vitro cell model of PD was established by MPP~+. The cell viability was measured by MTT assay and effect of AS-Ⅳ on the expression of the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway-related genes and proteins by real-time polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) and Western blot. Network pharmacology revealed totally 122 targets of AS-Ⅳ for the treatment of PD, and GO enrichment analysis yielded 504 GO terms, most of which were biological processes and molecular functions. Totally 20 related signaling pathways were screened out by KEGG pathway analysis, including neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway, GABAergic synapse, and calcium signaling pathway. Molecular docking demonstrated high affinity of AS-Ⅳ to serine/threonine-protein kinases(AKT1, AKT2), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma(PIK3 CG), and phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, alpha polypeptide(PIK3 CA) on the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway. In vitro experiments showed that AS-Ⅳ could effectively inhibit the decrease of the viability of PC12 induced by MPP~+ and up-regulate the mRNA expression levels of AKT1 and PI3 K as well as the phosphorylation levels of AKT and PI3 K. As an active component of Astragali Radix, AS-Ⅳ acts on PD through multiple targets and pathways. Furthermore, it inhibits neuronal apoptosis and protects neurons by activating the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway, thereby providing reliable theoretical and experimental supports for the treatment of PD with AS-Ⅳ.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation , PC12 Cells , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Rats , Saponins , Signal Transduction , Triterpenes
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3334-3347, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921429

ABSTRACT

Cordycepin is the key active component of medicinal fungus Cordyceps militaris, and it shows multiple functional activities such as anti-tumor and anti-virus. Cordycepin was conventionally produced by liquid fermentation of C. militaris, but the long production cycle and the low productivity constrained its development and application. In this study, two key genes for cordycepin biosynthesis (ScCNS1 and ScCNS2) were introduced into Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288C, producing 67.32 mg/L cordycepin at 240 h. Analysis of gene expression profiles indicated that ZWF1, PRS4, ADE4, ScCNS1 and ScCNS2 which encode enzymes involved in pentose phosphate pathway, purine metabolism and cordycepin biosynthesis pathway, were significantly up-regulated in the late phage of fermentation. Optimization of fermentation medium determined that 50 g/L initial glucose followed by feeding, supplemented with 5 mmol/L Cu²⁺ and 1.0 g/L adenine were the best condition. Fed-batch fermentation using the engineered yeast in a 5 L stirred fermenter produced 137.27 mg/L cordycepin at 144 h, with a productivity up to 0.95 mg/(L·h) reached, which was 240% higher than that of the control.


Subject(s)
Cordyceps , Culture Media , Deoxyadenosines , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the therapeutic effect of 177Lu-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-I&T on prostate cancer. Methods:The culture medium of 1.85, 18.50, 185.00, 555.00 and 925.00 MBq/L 177Lu-PSMA-I&T was added into LNCaP cells (200 μl/well, 5 experimental groups and 1 control group, 3 replicates in each group) for 24 h, and the cell viability in each group was detected. The culture medium of 3.7 MBq 177Lu-PSMA-I&T was added into LNCaP cells (1 experimental group, 1 control group, 3 replicates in each group) for 48 h to detect the changes of cell cycle. LNCaP cells (3 experimental groups and 1 control group, 3 replicates in each group) were added into the culture medium of 3.7, 19.5 and 37.0 MBq 177Lu-PSMA-I&T for 48 h to detect cell apoptosis. Tumor-bearing mice models were established (BALB/c-nu/nu nude mice, n=32). The changes of tumor volume and body mass of tumor-bearing mice were observed within 20 d after treatment. On the 7th day after treatment, tumor tissues of tumor-bearing mice were stained with HE staining and fluorescently stained with Ki-67 protein, and apoptosis was detected by TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. On the 20th day after treatment, pathological analysis was performed on the main viscera of the tumor-bearing mice. One-way analysis of variance, the least significant difference t test and paired t test were used to analyze the data. Results:Compared with the control group ((100.00±12.35)%), the cell survival rates were significantly decreased after 177Lu-PSMA-I&T intervention in 185.00, 555.00, 925.00 MBq/L groups ((57.56±6.35)%, (38.65±3.39)%, (27.95±4.48)%; F=78.91, t values: 8.312-14.106, all P<0.01). Cell survival rates were significantly reduced in 185.00 MBq/L group at different time points (24, 48 and 72 h; F=78.28, t values: 6.628-14.384, all P<0.01). The proportion of LNCaP cells in G2/M phase was increased from (12.36±0.28)% to (19.92±0.48)% ( t=17.180, P<0.01). The apoptosis rates of cells were significantly increased in 18.5 and 37.0 MBq groups ( F=71.86, t values: -6.138, -13.050, both P<0.05). The difference of relative tumor volume (RTV%) was statistically significant among 3.7, 14.8 and 29.6 MBq groups and control group (136.7±7.4, 59.2±23.8, 47.3±13.8 vs 240.3±3.7; F=78.20, t values: 7.549-13.345, all P<0.01). But there was no significant difference in body mass of tumor-bearing mice among groups. Compared with the control group, the positive rates of Ki-67 staining cells ((37.23±3.04)% vs (14.89±3.80)%, (5.60±1.83)%, (3.46±0.71)%) and TUNEL-fluorescein isothiocyanate (TUNEL-FITC) staining ((0.74±0.18)% vs (1.61±0.30)%, (3.19±0.44)%, (3.54±0.47)%) in tumor tissues of 3.7, 14.8 and 29.6 MBq groups were statistically significant ( F=103.91, t values: 10.429-15.762; F=38.66, t values: from -9.312 to -2.881, all P<0.01). Conclusions:177Lu-PSMA-I&T has a good therapeutic effect on prostate cancer, with no obvious therapeutic side effects. Therefore, 177Lu-PSMA-I&T is expected to be an ideal drug for treating prostate cancer.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880174

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the efficacy and safety of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in 71 normal healthy donors for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#From March 2018 to July 2019, 71 patients received allo-HSCT in The General Hospital of Western Theater Command were enrolled in the study, a single dose of PEG-rhG-CSF was injected subcutaneously at 12 mg to all the stem cell donors. After injection for 4 days, CD34@*RESULTS@#Seventy-one healthy stem cell donors included 39 males and 32 females with a median age of 38 (16-58) years old. The median number of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#For allo-HSCT donor mobilization, PEG-rh-G-CSF is effective, safe, and convenient, providing more options for HSC mobilization.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antigens, CD34 , Female , Graft vs Host Disease , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Recombinant Proteins , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878890

ABSTRACT

According to human carboxylesterase 2(hCE2) inhibitors reported in the literature, the pharmacophore model of hCE2 inhibitors was developed using HipHop module in Discovery Studio 2016. The optimized pharmacophore model, which was validated by test set, contained two hydrophobic, one hydrogen bond acceptor, and one aromatic ring features. Using the pharmacophore model established, 5 potential hCE2 inhibitors(CS-1,CS-2,CS-3,CS-6 and CS-8) were screened from 20 compounds isolated from the roots of Paeonia lactiflora, which were further confirmed in vitro, with the IC_(50) values of 5.04, 5.21, 5.95, 6.64 and 7.94 μmol·L~(-1), respectively. The results demonstrated that the pharmacophore model exerted excellent forecasting ability with high precision, which could be applied to screen novel hCE2 inhibitors from Chinese medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
Carboxylesterase/metabolism , Humans , Hydrogen Bonding , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 939-949, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878605

ABSTRACT

Pichia pastoris is one of the most widely used recombinant protein expression systems. In this study, a novel method for rapid screening of P. pastoris strains capable of efficiently expressing recombinant proteins was developed. Firstly, the ability to express recombinant proteins of the modified strain GS115-E in which a functional Sec63-EGFP (Enhanced green fluorescent protein) fusion protein replaced the endogenous endoplasmic reticulum transmembrane protein Sec63 was tested. Next, the plasmids carrying different copy numbers of phytase (phy) gene or xylanase (xyn) gene were transformed into GS115-E to obtain recombinant strains with different expression levels of phytase or xylanase, and the expression levels of EGFP and recombinant proteins in different strains were tested. Finally, a flow cytometer sorter was used to separate a mixture of cells with different phytase expression levels into sub-populations according to green fluorescence intensity. A good linear correlation was found between the fluorescence intensities of EGFP and the expression levels of the recombinant proteins in the recombinant strains (0.8<|R|<1). By using the flow cytometer, high-yielding P. pastoris cells were efficiently screened from a mixture of cells. The expression level of phytase of the selected high-fluorescence strains was 4.09 times higher than that of the low-fluorescence strains after 120 h of methanol induction. By detecting the EGFP fluorescence intensity instead of detecting the expression level and activity of the recombinant proteins in the recombinant strains, the method developed by the present study possesses the greatly improved performance of convenience and versatility in screening high-yielding P. pastoris strains. Combining the method with high-throughput screening instruments and technologies, such as flow cytometer and droplet microfluidics, the speed and throughput of this method will be further increased. This method will provide a simple and rapid approach for screening and obtaining P. pastoris with high abilities to express recombinant proteins.


Subject(s)
6-Phytase/genetics , Pichia/genetics , Plasmids , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , Saccharomycetales
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878369

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Nutrition is closely related to the health of the elderly population. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive picture of the nutrition status of elderly Chinese and its related dietary, geographical, and socioeconomic factors.@*Methods@#A total of 13,987 ≥ 60-year-old persons from the 2010-2013 Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey were included to evaluate various aspects of malnutrition, including underweight, overweight or obesity, and micronutrient inadequacy.@*Results@#Overall, the prevalence of obesity, overweight, and underweight was 12.4%, 34.8%, and 5.7%, respectively, with disparities both geographically and socioeconomically. The prevalence of underweight was higher among the older old (≥ 75 years), rural residents and those with low income, with low education status, and residing in undeveloped West areas. More than 75% of the elderly do not meet the Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamins A, B @*Conclusions@#Obesity epidemic, inadequacy of micronutrient intake, and high prevalence of underweight and anemia in susceptible older people are the major nutrition challenges for the rapidly aging population in China.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet/statistics & numerical data , Female , Health Surveys , Humans , Male , Malnutrition/etiology , Micronutrients/deficiency , Middle Aged , Nutritional Status , Overweight/etiology , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Thinness/etiology
20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 389-391, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875704

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of parental conflict perception on adolescent anxiety and the therapeutic effect of family therapy on adolescent anxiety.@*Methods@#A total of 120 adolescent anxiety patients who attend the psychological clinic of the fourth renming hospital in Hefei were selected and were divided into two groups, the treatment group and control group, impact clinical medication while the treatment group recevied both clinical medication and family therapy(for three months). Parents Conflict Consciousness Scale(CPIC), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) was used to assess parents conflict consciousness of adolescent anxiety. Effects of family therapy on teenagers anxiety and CPIC, HAMA score were analyzed.@*Results@#CPIC conflict intensity, threats of cognitive conflict and content for adolescent anxiety were positively correlated with HAMA scores(r=0.26, 0.20, 0.18, P<0.05), At the end of the three-month treatment, the score on HAMA and CPIC of the treatment group (HAMA: 9.23±1.98, CPIC: 9.52±2.35) was significantly lower than that of the control group(HAMA: 14.52±2.66, CPIC:11.98±2.55)(t=11.88, 5.48, P<0.01). HAMA and CPIC scores of patients in both groups significantly decreased compared to before treatment(control group t=13.88, 16.84; treatment group t=20.50, 21.89, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Parental conflict perception shows impact on adolescent anxiety, and family therapy can reduce parental conflict perception and relieve adolescent anxiety.

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