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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 305-322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880262

ABSTRACT

"The Expert Group on Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, The Tumor Ablation Committee of Chinese College of Interventionalists, The Society of Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association and The Ablation Expert Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology" have organized multidisciplinary experts to formulate the consensus for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The expert consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practices for thermal ablation of GGN. The main contents include: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN, (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN and (3) future development directions.
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2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1335-1344, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) are the most widely used non-invasive tests in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. However, evidence about the direct comparison of the test performance of the self-administered qualitative a laboratory-based quantitative FITs in a CRC screening setting is sparse.@*METHODS@#Based on a CRC screening trial (TARGET-C), we included 3144 pre-colonoscopy fecal samples, including 24 CRCs, 230 advanced adenomas, 622 non-advanced adenomas, and 2268 participants without significant findings at colonoscopy. Three self-administered qualitative FITs (Pupu tube) with positivity thresholds of 8.0, 14.4, or 20.8 μg hemoglobin (Hb)/g preset by the manufacturer and one laboratory-based quantitative FIT (OC-Sensor) with a positivity threshold of 20 μg Hb/g recommended by the manufacturer were tested by trained staff in the central laboratory. The diagnostic performance of the FITs for detecting colorectal neoplasms was compared in the different scenarios using the preset and adjusted thresholds (for the quantitative FIT).@*RESULTS@#At the thresholds preset by the manufacturers, apart from the qualitative FIT-3, significantly higher sensitivities for detecting advanced adenoma were observed for the qualitative FIT-1 (33.9% [95% CI: 28.7-39.4%]) and qualitative FIT-2 (22.2% [95% CI: 17.7-27.2%]) compared to the quantitative FIT (11.7% [95% CI: 8.4-15.8%]), while at a cost of significantly lower specificities. However, such difference was not observed for detecting CRC. For scenarios of adjusting the positivity thresholds of the quantitative FIT to yield comparable specificity or comparable positivity rate to the three qualitative FITs accordingly, there were no significant differences in terms of sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative predictive values and positive/negative likelihood ratios for detecting CRC or advanced adenoma between the two types of FITs, which was further evidenced in ROC analysis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although the self-administered qualitative and the laboratory-based quantitative FITs had varied test performance at the positivity thresholds preset by the manufacturer, such heterogeneity could be overcome by adjusting thresholds to yield comparable specificities or positivity rates. Future CRC screening programs should select appropriate types of FITs and define the thresholds based on the targeted specificities and manageable positivity rates.


Subject(s)
Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer , Feces , Hemoglobins/analysis , Humans , Laboratories , Occult Blood , Sensitivity and Specificity
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 927-934, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878141

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) and acute type A intramural hematoma (ATAIMH) are life-threatening diseases with high mortality. To better understand their clinical features in the Chinese population, we analyzed the data from the first Registry of Aortic Dissection in China (Sino-RAD) to promote the understanding and management of the diseases.@*METHODS@#All patients with ATAAD and ATAIMH enrolled in Sino-RAD from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2016 were involved. The data of patients' selection, history, symptoms, management, outcomes, and postoperation complications were analyzed in the study. The continuous variables were compared using the Student's t test for normal distributions and the Mann-Whitney U test for non-normal distributions. Categorical variables were compared using the Chi-square test or Fisher exact test.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1582 patients with ATAAD and 130 patients with ATAIMH were included. The mean age of all patients was 48.4 years. Patients with ATAAD were significantly younger than patients with ATAIMH (48.9 years vs. 55.6 years, P < 0.001). For the total cohort, males were dominant, but the male ratio of patients with ATAAD was significantly higher compared to those with ATAIMH (P = 0.01). The time range from the onset of symptom to hospitalization was 2.0 days. More patients of ATAIMH had hypertension than that of ATAAD (82.3% vs. 67.6%, P < 0.05). Chest and back pain were the most common clinical symptoms. Computerized tomography (CT) was the most common initial diagnostic imaging modality. 84.7% received surgical treatment and in-hospital mortality was 5.3%. Patients with ATAAD mainly received surgical treatment (89.6%), while most patients with ATAIMH received medical treatment (39.2%) or endovascular repair (35.4%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study suggests that doctors should comprehensively use clinical examination and genetic background screening for patients with ATAAD and ATAIMH and further shorten the time range from symptoms onset to intervention, achieving early diagnosis and treatment, thereby reducing the mortality rate of patients with aortic dissection in China. We should standardize the procedures of aortic dissection treatment and improve people's understanding. Meanwhile, the curing and transferring efficiency should also be improved.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnosis , China , Hematoma , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 513-517, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911060

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) bridging program in the perioperative period of mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPCNL) for long-term antithrombotic patients.Methods:The clinical data of 50 patients who received long-term antithrombotic therapy with mPCNL in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital from January 2013 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Perioperative anticoagulation plans were drawn up after discussion with an internist. Patients with high thrombosis risk were bridged with LMWH during the perioperative period. Resumed LMWH anticoagulation within 48 hours after surgery. Patients with low or medium thrombosis risk directly discontinued anticoagulation one week before surgery. Preoperative anticoagulation was resumed within 48 hours after removing the nephrostomy tube in all patients. We analyzed the general information before surgery, data during surgery, postoperative hemoglobin changes and stone-free rate (SRF) of all cases. 21 patients were treated with LMWH bridging (bridging group), and 29 patients were directly discontinued with anticoagulant drugs (non-bridging group). There was no statistical difference between the two groups in age [(59.7±7.1) vs. (52.4±10.4)years] , gender [(male/female), 14/7 vs. 19/10], BMI [ (24.3±3.9) kg/m 2 vs. (24.7±5.1) kg/m 2], S. T.O.N.E. score (7.4±1.1 vs. 6.9±1.0), stone surface area [ 314.0(31.4-1 130.4) mm 2 vs. 282.5(64.7-866.0) mm 2], the number of calculi involved in calyces (6/15 vs. 13/16) and stone-related surgical history [ 34% (7/21) vs. 24% (7/29) ]. Results:In the bridging group, 18 patients (86%) performed single-channel mPCNL, 3 patients (14%) underwent dual-channel mPCNL, and the operation time was 80 (35-180) min. In the non-bridging group, 27 patients (93%) underwent single-channel mPCNL, 2 patients (7%) performed dual-channel mPCNL, and the operation time was 80 (30-60) min. The mean changes in hemoglobin in the bridging group and the non-bridging group was 18 (-2 -66) g/L and 14 (-25-64) g/L, respectively ( P = 0.073). The average postoperative hospital stay in the bridging group was (8.6 ± 3.5) days, and the non-bridging group was (7.1 ± 2.3) days ( P= 0.057). Two patients in each group received blood transfusion, and no patients received interventional embolization. The SRF of bridging group and non-bridging group was 81.0% (17/21) vs. 75.9% (22/29) ( P = 0.67) 1 month after the operation. During the perioperative period, no patients had thrombotic complications. Conclusions:When mPCNL was required for long-term antithrombotic treatment patients, the use of LWMH alternatives during the perioperative period did not increase bleeding related complications.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906216

ABSTRACT

Objective:This paper aims to clone the cDNA sequence of<italic> limonene</italic>-3-<italic>hydroxylase</italic>(<italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH</italic>) in <italic>Schizonepeta tenuifolia</italic> and analyze its sequence by bioinformatics. Method:Specific primers were designed based on sequences of<italic> StL</italic>3<italic>OH </italic>gene screened from transcriptome sequencing data of <italic>S. tenuifolia</italic> and the cDNA sequence of <italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH </italic>gene was cloned by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and analyzed for its bioinformatics. Result:The <italic>StL3OH</italic> gene cDNA sequence length was 1 598 bp,containing a 1 497 bp long complete open reading frame which encoded 498 amino acids. StL3OH protein had a theoretical relative molecular mass of 56.40 kDa,with a hydrophilic and unstable nature. Bioinformatics analysis showed that StL3OH protein had no signal peptide but had a transmembrane domain which might be located in endoplasmic reticulum. Multiple sequence alignment and cluster analysis showed that the amino acid sequence of MsL3OH protein had a high similarity with StL3OH protein,both of which contained cytochrome P450 heme binding region,belonging to the D subfamily of cytochrome CYP71 family. Codon bias analysis showed that <italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH</italic> gene preferred guanine/cytosine(G/C) ending codon,with 27 skewed codons, and Nicotiana benthamiana was proven to be the most suitable host for exogenous expression of <italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH</italic> gene. Conclusion:The cDNA sequence of<italic> StL3OH</italic> gene was cloned from <italic>S. tenuifolia</italic> for the first time,which will provide a basis for further study on the structure and function of StL3OH protein and the regulation mechanism of <italic>StL3OH </italic>gene in the accumulation and biosynthesis of monoterpenes in<italic> S. tenuifolia</italic>.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905319

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of electroacupuncture based on transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on wakefulness for consciousness disorder. Methods:From January, 2015 to October, 2019, 30 inpatients with consciousness disorder from the General Hospital of Western Theater Command were randomly divided into control group (n = 15) and observetion group (n = 15), Both groups received TMS, and the observetion group received electroacupuncture at Baihui (GV20), Shenting (GV24), bilateral Neiguan (PC6) bilateral Hegu (LI4) and bilateral Yongquan (KI1) in addition, for three months. They were tested the latency of the mismatch negativity (MMN), and assessed with Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and persistent vegetative state (PVS) score before, and one month and three months after treatment. Results:The latency of MMN decreased more in the observetion group than in the control group three months after treatment (t = 2.159, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Combination of electroacupuncture on TMS is more effective on wakefulness for consciousness disorder.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905246

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the effect of targeting mitochondria on spinal cord injury animal models, and provide experimental evidence. Methods:Literatures about animal experiments of targeting mitochondria treatment for spinal cord injury were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Web of Knowledge, CNKI and Wanfang database from establishment to February, 2021. Three researchers independently screened the literatures and extracted the data, and they were summarized by qualitative analysis. Results:Eleven animal experimental studies were enrolled, including 548 animals with spinal cord injury. Six studies selected male or female Sprague-Dawley rats, and the rats in eight studies weighed 150~275 g. The animal models of spinal cord injury in all studies focused on T9~T11 contusive spinal cord injury, but there were differences in the use of spinal cord strikers and striking strength. The type, time, frequency, concentration and dosage of intervention drugs were all different. Due to the large heterogeneity of the included studies in animal species, animal models and outcome measures, qualitative analysis was conducted. Conclusion:Targeting mitochondria for spinal cord injury in animals could promote the recovery of motor function, reduce the damaged spinal cord tissue and increase the remaining tissue, enhance the ability of anti-oxidation and anti-apoptosis, and enhance mitochondrial biogenesis. Limited by the number and quality of included studies, the above conclusions need to be verified by more high-quality studies.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of iridoid-rich fraction from Valeriana jatamansi Jones (IRFV) on neuronal pyroptosis in rats with acute spinal cord injury, and to explain the related mechanism of neuroprotection. Methods:Twenty-four healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham-operated group, model group and treatment group, with eight rats in each group. The model of spinal cord injury was established by using a medical aneurysm clip in the latter two groups. Only the lamina was removed without injury to the spinal cord in the sham-operated group. Four hours after the operation, the treatment group was given IRFV solution 10 mg/kg, the model group and the sham-operated group were given the same volume of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC-Na) solution, for seven days. The rats were sacrificed to detected the pathological changes and the residual area of spinal cord tissue through HE staining. The apoptosis of nerve cells of the spinal cord tissue at the perilesional area was detected by TUNEL fluorescent staining. The levels of interleukin (IL)-1 and IL-18 in serum were detected by ELISA Kit and the expression of NLRP3, Caspase-1 and GSDMD were detected by Western blotting. Results:Compared with the sham-operated group, the residual area of spinal cord tissue decreased (P < 0.05), and the positive rate of TUNEL staining, the level of IL-1 and IL-18, and the expression of pyroptosis-associated proteins (NLRP3, Caspase-1 and GSDMD) increased (P < 0.05) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the pathological condition of the spinal cord tissue improved and the residual area of the spinal cord tissue increased (P < 0.05); the positive rate of TUNEL staining, the level of IL-1 and IL-18 and the expression of NLRP3, Caspase-1 and GSDMD decreased (P < 0.05) in the treatment group. Conclusion:IRFV could attenuate the inflammatory response to exert neuroprotective effects, which may be related to the regulation of NLRP3/Caspase-1 signaling pathway to inhibit the neuronal pyroptosis in rats with acute spinal cord injury.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2563-2568, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904994

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of Taohong Siwu decoction on a mouse model of carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4 )-induced liver fibrosis and its mechanism of action. Methods A total of 24 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group, and Taohong Siwu decoction group, with 8 mice in each group. The mice in the model group and the Taohong Siwu decoction group were given intraperitoneal injection of 10% CCl 4 , and Taohong Siwu decoction was given by gavage since week 3 for 4 consecutive weeks. Liver function [alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)] was measured, and liver pathomorphology was observed. Real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), hyaluronic acid synthase-2 (HAS-2), and collagen type Ⅰ(Col1), and Western blotting was used to measure the protein expression of α-SMA, Col1, and HAS-2. Primary hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) were isolated, and HAS-2 was silenced by siRNA to observe its influence on HSC activation. The t -test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups; a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the SNK or least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups. Results Compared with the normal group, the model group had significant increases in serum liver function parameters (ALT, AST) and the Taohong Siwu decoction group had significant reductions in the serum levels of ALT and AST (all P < 0.01). Pathological staining showed that the model group had marked inflammatory cell infiltration and formation of fibrous septa by proliferated collagen fibers, and the Taohong Siwu decoction group had loose fibrous septa and alleviated inflammatory cell infiltration. Compared with the model group, the Taohong Siwu decoction group had significant reductions in the mRNA and protein expression of α-SMA and Col1(all P < 0.001). Compared with the normal group, the model group had a significant increase in the mRNA expression level of HAS-2 in liver tissue ( t =6.14, P < 0.05), and compared with the model group, the Taohong Siwu decoction group had a significant reduction in the protein expression level of HAS-2 (0.29±0.10 vs 1.00±0.12, t =70.73, P < 0.001). After HAS-2 was silenced by siRNA, the Si HAS-2+transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) group (treated with TGFβ) had significant reductions in the mRNA expression levels of α-SMA and Col-Ⅰ compared with the NC+TGFβ group ( P < 0.01). Conclusion Taohong Siwu decoction exerts a marked therapeutic effect on CCl 4 -induced liver fibrosis in mice by inhibiting HAS-2.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2293-2306, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887797

ABSTRACT

Mouse hybridoma monoclonal antibody is the most commonly used antibody in immunology because of its stable source, easy preparation in later stage and high yield. The traditional time-consuming and laborious hybridoma preparation technology could not meet the growing market demand. In this paper, we describe the rapid preparation techniques involved in antigen design and screening, B cell enrichment and screening, transgenic myeloma cells, fusion technology improvement, positive hybridoma cell screening and rapid detection of monoclonal antibody performance, to provide a reference for rapid preparation of mouse hybridoma monoclonal antibody.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antigens , B-Lymphocytes , Hybridomas , Mice
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1155-1162, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886984

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish the design space of the key processes for drop-on-powder 3D printing based on design of experiment (DoE). By utilizing Minitab, an experimental scheme with three factors, two levels and three center points was designed to analyze the factors that significantly affected the tablet quality attributes. Furthermore, the factor interactions were analyzed using Minitab. subsequently, the computer aided drafting (CAD) software was used to adjust the model volume with fixed radius/height ratio (r/h = 1.25) and establish a linear regression equation between model volume and dose. As a result, the drug dose could be controlled in a flexible manner. The finally determined process parameters were: ink-jet level is 12, layer thickness is 150 μm, and the X-axis printing head speed of 635 mm·s-1. Regression equation between drug content (y) and model volume (x) was y = 0.062 x - 0.582 7 (R2 = 0.999 9) showing good linear relationship. This indicated that robust and feasible process parameters were obtained through DoE, and the preparation of personalized-dose tablets was realized with good reproducibility.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885565

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association of the total gestational weight gain (GWG) and GWG in different trimesters with adverse pregnancy outcomes during the second pregnancy in women with history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Methods:This retrospective cohort study recruited 441 singleton pregnant women with a history of GDM who gave birth at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2017 to December 2018 as the GDM history group. Another 1 637 singleton pregnant women without a history of GDM who gave birth at the same period were selected through the mechanical sampling method as the control group. Independent sample t-test and Chi-square test were used to compare the differences in general conditions, GWG and perinatal outcomes between the two groups. Based on the Institute of Medicine guidelines for GWG, the subjects were further divided into three subgroups: inadequate GWG, adequate GWG and excessive GWG groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to compare the pregnancy outcome in women with the same GWG in different periods of pregnancy between the two groups. Results:(1) Women with GDM history had lower GWG before and after oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and the whole pregnancy than those without [(6.3±3.3) vs (7.9±3.7) kg, (4.8±2.6) vs (5.6± 2.6) kg, (11.8±4.6) vs (14.4± 4.6) kg; t=8.074, 5.183, 10.277; all P<0.001]. The incidence of GDM, gestational hypertension, and large for gestational age (LGA) in the GDM history group were higher than those in the control group [46.5% (205/441) vs 18.1% (296/1 637), 8.4% (37/441) vs 5.4% (88/1 637), 12.9% (57/441) vs 9.7% (158/1 637); χ2=153.181, 5.583, 4.013; all P<0.05]. (2) Before OGTT: pregnant women with GDM history of different GWG categories had a higher risk of developing GDM [ OR and 95% CI for inadequate, adequate and excessive GWG were 4.02 (2.35-6.88), 3.92 (2.65-5.79) and 3.33 (2.11-5.25), respectively, all P<0.001]. Except for women with inadequate GWG, pregnancy with a history of GDM also had a higher risk of preeclampsia [ OR and 95% CI were 3.62 (1.47-9.23) and 2.22 (1.07-5.57) for adequate and excessive GWG, respectively, both P<0.05]. After OGTT: pregnant women with GDM history of different GWG categories had a higher risk of developing GDM [ OR and 95% CI for inadequate, adequate and excessive GWG were 2.48 (1.60-3.84), 4.63 (2.92-7.35) and 4.22 (2.73-6.51), respectively, all P<0.001]. Pregnant women with a history of GDM with excessive GWG had an increased risk of preeclampsia ( OR=2.46, 95% CI: 1.10-5.51, P<0.05). During pregnancy: pregnant women with GDM history of different GWG categories had a higher risk of developing GDM [ OR and 95% CI were 3.02(2.00-4.59), 4.08(2.76-6.04) and 2.66(1.54-4.59) for inadequate, adequate and excessive GWG, respectively, all P<0.001]. Women with GDM history had an increased risk of large for gestational age (LGA) in those with inadequate GWG and postpartum hemorrhage in those with excessive GWG [ OR and 95% CI were 1.94 (1.09-4.21) and 2.93 (1.31-6.55), respectively, both P<0.05]. Conclusions:The total GWG and GWG in different periods during the second pregnancy in women with a history of GDM are lower than those without, but with a higher risk of adverse outcomes. Even in women with the same range of GWG, GDM history still increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881480

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the concentration level of chloroform in the water of swimming pool in Baoan District of Shenzhen City,and determine the risk factors. Methods:During May and July,2019,a total of 110 water samples from 40 swimming pools were collected in Xin’an subdistrict of Bao’an District for the examination of chloroform routine indicators. In addition, 38 pipe water samples were collected for the examination of chloroform and free residual chlorine. Results:The concentration of chloroform in the swimming pools was determined to be (43.400±27.802) μg/L with the median of 37.343 μg/L. Chloroform was correlated positively with total bacterial count(P<0.05),turbidity, free chlorine residual, and PH value(P<0.01). Conclusion:The disinfection quality of swimming pool water in Bao’an District remains low. It is necessary to determine the risk factors associated with chloroform in the swimming pool and further reduce the concentration level of disinfection by-products.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922399

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a predictive equation for commonly used pulmonary ventilation function parameters in children aged 6-<16 years in northeast China.@*METHODS@#A total of 504 healthy children from Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang provinces of China were selected for the prospective study, among whom there were 242 boys and 262 girls. The JAEGER MasterScreen Pneumo spirometer was used to measure pulmonary ventilation function. With the measured values of 10 parameters, including forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV@*RESULTS@#The boys aged 9-<10 years and 15-<16 years had significantly higher body height, FVC, and FEV@*CONCLUSIONS@#A new predictive equation for the main pulmonary ventilation function parameters has been established in this study for children aged 6-<16 years in northeast China, which provides a basis for accurate judgment of pulmonary function abnormalities in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Female , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Pulmonary Ventilation , Reference Values , Schools , Vital Capacity
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921932

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the curative effect of one-stage reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament(ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL) in patients with KD-Ⅲ-M knee injury, and to compare the operation time, hospitalization cost and curative effect after arthroscopic reconstruction of PCL with LARS artificial ligament and autogenous hamstring tendon, ACL reconstruction with autogenous hamstring tendon and MCL repair combined with limited incision.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to January 2019, a total of 36 patients met the criteria of this study. Twenty patients in group A were treated with autogenous hamstring tendon reconstruction of ACL and PCL and repair of MCL, including 17 males and 3 females, with an average age of (34.7±9.2) years old. Sixteen patients in group B with LARS artificial ligament reconstruction of PCL, with an autogenous hamstring tendon reconstruction of PCL and MCL repair as before as group B, including 15 males and 1 female, with an average age of (36.8±8.6) years old. The operation time, hospitalization time and total hospitalization cost were compared between the two groups. The preoperative and postoperative functions of the two groups were evaluated by Hospital for Sepcial Surgery (HSS) score and Lysholm score respectively, and the curative effects were compared within and between groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients in the two groups were followed up for at least 1 year. There were no complications such as infection and poor wound healing in both groups. There was significant difference in operation time between (120.25±9.55) min in group A and (106.63±8.85) min in group B (@*CONCLUSION@#There was no significant difference in the average hospitalization days between the two groups, but the operation time in group A was longerthan that in group B, and the hospitalization cost in group B was higher than that in group A. There was no difference in HSS score and Lysholm score before and follow-up for a certain period of time after operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy , Female , Hamstring Tendons/surgery , Humans , Knee Dislocation , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921870

ABSTRACT

Objective To develope a deep learning algorithm for pathological classification of chronic gastritis and assess its performance using whole-slide images (WSIs). Methods We retrospectively collected 1,250 gastric biopsy specimens (1,128 gastritis, 122 normal mucosa) from PLA General Hospital. The deep learning algorithm based on DeepLab v3 (ResNet-50) architecture was trained and validated using 1,008 WSIs and 100 WSIs, respectively. The diagnostic performance of the algorithm was tested on an independent test set of 142 WSIs, with the pathologists' consensus diagnosis as the gold standard. Results The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated for chronic superficial gastritis (CSuG), chronic active gastritis (CAcG), and chronic atrophic gastritis (CAtG) in the test set, respectively.The areas under the ROC curves (AUCs) of the algorithm for CSuG, CAcG, and CAtG were 0.882, 0.905 and 0.910, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of the deep learning algorithm for the classification of CSuG, CAcG, and CAtG were 0.790 and 1.000 (accuracy 0.880), 0.985 and 0.829 (accuracy 0.901), 0.952 and 0.992 (accuracy 0.986), respectively. The overall predicted accuracy for three different types of gastritis was 0.867. By flagging the suspicious regions identified by the algorithm in WSI, a more transparent and interpretable diagnosis can be generated. Conclusion The deep learning algorithm achieved high accuracy for chronic gastritis classification using WSIs. By pre-highlighting the different gastritis regions, it might be used as an auxiliary diagnostic tool to improve the work efficiency of pathologists.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Deep Learning , Gastritis/diagnosis , Humans , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3890-3904, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921474

ABSTRACT

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats -associated protein (CRISPR/Cas) has been developed as a precise, efficient, affordable and sensitive nucleic acid detection tool due to its efficient targeted binding ability and programmability. At present, biosensors based on CRISPR-Cas system have shown excellent performance in the detection of nucleic acid of pathogens, which has attracted widespread attention, and is expected to replace the conventional detection methods. This review summarizes the latest research progress of biosensors based on CRISPR/Cas system for detecting nucleic acid of pathogens.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Nucleic Acids/genetics
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1113-1117, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921019

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the temperature field distribution and variation rules during treatment with mild moxibustion and sparrow-pecking moxibustion of TCM.@*METHODS@#Six healthy subjects were selected. Mild moxibustion and sparrow-pecking moxibustion were exerted at Zusanli (ST 36) respectively, for 25 min. Using infrared thermal imaging instrument, the temperature field distribution was measured during moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36). The simulated thermometer was adopted to measure the temperature field distribution during moxibustion at the imitated cortex. At 20 min of mild moxibustion and sparrow-pecking moxibustion, the temperature field distribution generated by moxibustion was observed at the imitated cortex and Zusanli (ST 36) separately. The temperature values were collected at the sites 0.7, 2.1 and 3.5 cm far from the center of the moxibustion-exerted places successively, and then the characteristics of temperature field distribution and variation rules were compared between different moxibustion methods at the imitated cortex and Zusanli (ST 36).@*RESULTS@#At 20 min of mild moxibustion and sparrow-pecking moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36), the temperature field distribution focused on the center of moxibustion-exerted site and the temperature was reduced to all directions and illustrated as a curved surface graph, whereas, the temperature field distribution at the imitated cortex was consistent with that at Zusanli (ST 36). With mild moxibustion, the temperature field was distributed uniformly along the longitudinal temperature gradient; whereas, with sparrow-pecking moxibustion, the longitudinal temperature of the temperature field was greatly different, in which, the maximum temperature and the average temperature were higher than those with mild moxibustion respectively and the first time up to the peak value of sparrow-pecking moxibustion was shorter than that with mild moxibustion. The thermal transfer was presented at the non-moxibustion exerted areas during the moxibustion experiment at Zusanli (ST 36).@*CONCLUSION@#A distance feature is presented in the temperature field measured by simulated thermometer and generated under suspension moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36). The warm stimulation effect of sparrow-pecking moxibustion is much more obvious at the moxibustion-exerted center as compared with mild moxibustion and the area of warm stimulation generated by sparrow-pecking moxibustion is more concentrated as compared with mild moxibustion. The radiation energy produced by suspension moxibustion is scattered and attenuated in skin tissue, resulting in a certain temperature gradient in the temperature field. The warm stimulation generated at skin surface by moxibustion has a warming-dredging effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Humans , Moxibustion , Sparrows , Temperature , Torso
19.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 400-408, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888440

ABSTRACT

Although localized prostate cancer (PCa) can be cured by prostatectomy and radiotherapy, the development of effective therapeutic approaches for advanced prostate cancer, including castration-resistant PCa (CRPC) and neuroendocrine PCa (NEPC), is lagging far behind. Identifying a novel prognostic and diagnostic biomarker for early diagnosis and intervention is an urgent clinical need. Here, we report that apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I), the major component of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), is upregulated in PCa based on both bioinformatics and experimental evidence. The fact that advanced PCa shows strong ApoA-I expression reflects its potential role in driving therapeutic resistance and disease progression by reprogramming the lipid metabolic network of tumor cells. Molecularly, ApoA-I is regulated by MYC, a frequently amplified oncogene in late-stage PCa. Altogether, our findings have revealed a novel indicator to predict prognosis and recurrence, which would benefit patients who are prone to progress to metastasis or even NEPC, which is the lethal subtype of PCa.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781497

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of arsenic trioxide combined with ATRA and chemo- therapy for treatment of relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinic data of 25 patients with relapse APL treated in our hospital from 1996 to 2013 were collected and analyzed. Among the 25 patients, 15 patients suffered first-time hematological relapse (HR), and the other 10 patients showed first-time molecular relapse (MR). The patients with first-time replase were treated with ATO+ATRA+Anthracycline re-induction chemotherapy. The clinical features, complete remission (CR) rate, overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and adverse events after re-induction therapy were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Fourteen of 15 hematological relapsed patients achieved the second-time hematological complete remission (CR2) after re-induction therapy except one patient died of bleeding complication during the re-induction. 8 of 14 patient showed molecular complete remission (CRm) after two cycles of therapy with this regimen. Totally, eleven out of the 14 HR patients were alive without disease till the last follow-up, and 3 of the 14 HR patients died because of bleeding complications. All of the 10 molecular relapsed patients received the second CRm after treated by the regimen. Among these 10 patients, 6 patients suffered only once relapse and continued with the molecular CR2 status, and for the other 4 patients with more than two-relapses, only 1 survived untill 89.3 months after achieved second-time CRm, and other 3 patients died because of bleeding complications.@*CONCLUSION@#For relapsed APL patients, the treatment with ATO+ATRA+chemotherapy regimen after relapse still shows encouraging efficacy, no matter whether or not the application of ATO in the previous regimens. In addition, patients with more than two molecular relapses show a poor prognosis.

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