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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 109-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913176

ABSTRACT

Cancer is considered as one of the major diseases endangering human health in the world, it is urgent to find a safer and more efficient treatment for cancer therapy. Gene therapy with ribonucleic acid (RNA) drugs could regulate the expression of tumor related genes, and exhibit good anti-tumor therapeutic potential in preclinical and clinical trials. Based on the differences between tumor tissues and normal tissues in microenvironment signal characteristics such as pH, specific enzyme concentration or redox gradient, various microenvironment responsive nanocarriers had been studied and developed to deliver RNA drugs to tumor tissues and cells, improving the anti-tumor efficacy of RNA drugs and reducing toxic and side effects. This paper reviews the pathophysiological characteristics of tumor microenvironment and various strategies of tumor microenvironment responsive nanocarriers, in order to provide reference for the design of safe and efficient RNA drug delivery system for cancer therapy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912887

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of Tuina (Chinese therapeutic massage) manipulation for pediatric adenoid hypertrophy (AH). Methods: A total of 60 children with AH were randomized into an observation group and a medication group, with 30 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with pediatric Tuina treatment, and the medication group was treated with 0.05% mometasone furoate nasal spray. The changes of main clinical symptom score, quality of life (QOL) score and X-ray nasopharynx lateral film were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results: The total effective rate of the observation group was 90.0%, and that of the medication group was 66.7%. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the A/N value [ratio of adenoid thickness (A) and nasopharyngeal cavity width (N)] of posterior nasopharyngeal lateral film did not show significant change in either group (P>0.05). After treatment, the clinical symptom scores in both groups decreased, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.001), but there was no statistical difference between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, the QOL scores of children in both groups decreased, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.001), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.001). Conclusion: Tuina manipulation is effective in treating pediatric AH, and produces a better effect in improving traditional Chinese medicine symptoms and QOL than 0.05% mometasone furoate nasal spray.

3.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 493-498, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911477

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the inhibitory effect of a retinoid derivative ECPIRM on proliferation of a cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) cell line HH, and to explore its potential mechanisms.Methods:Cultured HH cells were treated with ECPIRM at different concentrations of 0 (control group) , 5, 10 and 20 μmol/L separately for 72 hours, cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay was performed to evaluate the effect of ECPIRM on the proliferative activity of HH cells, and flow cytometry to investigate the effect of ECPIRM on apoptosis of HH cells. Some HH cells were treated with 10 μmol/L ECPIRM for 72 hours, transcriptome sequencing was performed to investigate gene expression changes triggered by ECPIRM in HH cells, and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis and gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis were then performed to analyze differentially expressed genes in HH cells induced by ECPIRM. Reverse transcription-qPCR was subsequently conducted to verify changes in key gene expression in related pathways. Intergroup differences were analyzed by using one-way analysis of variance, and least significant difference (LSD) - t test was used for multiple comparisons. Results:CCK8 assay showed that the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of ECPIRM on HH cells was 4.91 ± 2.48 μmol/L, the viability of HH cells significantly differed among the control group, and 5-, 10-and 20-μmol/L ECPIRM groups (100.00% ± 2.87%, 49.58% ± 4.53%, 48.36% ± 2.88%, 31.44% ± 2.46%, respectively, F=162.86, P < 0.001) , and was significantly lower in the 5-, 10-and 20-μmol/L ECPIRM groups than in the control group ( t=15.36, 15.73, 20.89, respectively, all P < 0.001) . Flow cytometry showed that there was a significant difference in the apoptosis rate among the 4 groups (11.51% ± 1.84%, 23.83% ± 5.72%, 36.19% ± 8.33%, 49.75% ± 4.10%, respectively, F=17.62, P < 0.001) , and the 10-and 20-μmol/L groups showed significantly increased apoptosis rates compared with the control group ( t=4.46, 6.92 respectively, both P < 0.01) . Transcriptomics analysis revealed that the inhibitory effect of ECPIRM on the cellular proliferative activity may be related to the metabolic regulation of steroids. As reverse transcription-qPCR revealed, the 10-μmol/L ECPIRM group showed significantly decreased mRNA expression of L-amino acid oxidase (IL4I1) , acetyl-coenzyme A acetyltransferase 2 (ACAT2) , 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A synthase 1 (HMGCS1) , mevalonate diphosphate decarboxylase (MVD) , 3-β-hydroxysteroid-8,7-isomerase (EBP) , very low-density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) , 3-hydroxy 3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR) compared with the control group (all P < 0.05) . Conclusion:The retinoid derivative ECPIRM exerted marked anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing effects on HH cells, which may be related to the decreased expression of key genes involved in steroid metabolism.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the diagnostic efficacy of 68Ga-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-11 PET/CT and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in TNM staging before radical prostatectomy. Methods:From July 2018 to December 2019, a total of 67 patients ((67.5±6.8) years) with prostate cancer diagnosed pathologically by radical surgery in Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University were retrospectively enrolled. All patients underwent 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT whole-body scans before surgery. Results of PET/CT were compared with pathological diagnosis after surgery to compare the diagnostic efficiencies of 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT for preoperative TNM staging ( χ2 test). The differences of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max) in primary lesions between 2 imaging methods were compared by Mann-Whitney U test. Patients were divided into low-risk, intermediate-risk and high-risk for stratified analysis. Results:Among 67 patients, 9 were with low-risk, 19 were with intermediate-risk, 39 were with high-risk. For T staging, 59 (88.06%, 59/67) patients showed positive results by 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT imaging, with median SUV max of 13.80(7.30, 22.40) for 67 patients; 31(46.27%, 31/67) patients showed positive results in 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging, with median SUV max of 4.00(3.10, 5.60) ( U=62, P<0.05). Stratifed analysis showed that the detection rate of 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT was higher than that of 18F-FDG PET/CT in intermediate-risk patients (17/19 vs 6/19; χ2=4.920, P<0.05). Among 67 patients, 10 were diagnosed as N1 stage based on the pathological results. The sensitivities, specificities, accuracies, positive predictive values and negative predictive values of 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT for detecting positive regional lymph nodes were 6/10, 87.72%(50/57), 83.58%(56/67), 6/13, 92.59%(50/54) and 4/10, 89.47%(51/57), 82.09%(55/67), 4/10, 89.47%(51/57), respectively. 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT detected 15 patients (22.39%, 15/67) with M1 stage, and 18F-FDG PET/CT identified 9 patients (13.43%, 9/67; χ2=35.436, P<0.05). Conclusions:As for T staging, the detection rate of 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT in the intermediate-risk group is better than 18F-FDG PET/CT. In N and M staging, the detection rates of 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT are higher than those of 18F-FDG PET/CT.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the results of surgical treatment on post-pancreaticoduodenectomy hemorrhage (PPH).Methods:The clinical data of 47 patients who developed PPH after pancreaticduodenectomy treated with surgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China from January 2012 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The operative indications, bleeding site, intraoperative treatment and prognosis were analyzed.Results:There were 33 males and 14 females, aged 42 to 81 (mean 60) years. Early hemorrhage occurred in 17 patients and delayed hemorrhage in 30 patients. A total of 35 patients developed intraperitoneal hemorrhage, 7 gastrointestinal hemorrhage and 5 intraperitoneal combined with gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The indications for surgery were hemodynamic instability ( n=31) and other treatment failure ( n=10). In 17 patients (36.2%), hemorrhage was associated with blood vessels. In 14 patients (29.8%), hemorrhage was associated with anastomotic stoma, while in 6 patients (12.8%) with gastrointestinal hemorrhage, the bleeding was non-anastomotic related. Early hemorrhage was mainly vascular related, and the surgical treatment mainly consisted of suture hemostasis at the bleeding site combined with abdominal irrigation and drainage. Delayed hemorrhage was most commonly anastomotic associated, and its management should consider avoiding anastomotic fistula formation after treatment. The operation time of early hemorrhage was significantly shorter than that of delayed hemorrhage [(136.0±37.5) min vs. (191.1±73.8)min, t=-3.289, P<0.05]. The incidence of re-hemorrhage was 23.4% (11 patients) and 9 patients died with a mortality rate of 19.1%. The re-hemorrhage and mortality rates of early-stage bleeding were significantly lower than those of delayed bleeding [5.9%(1/17) vs. 33.3%(10/30), 0 vs. 30.0%(9/30), P<0.05]. Conclusions:Surgical treatment of early hemorrhage had better results than that of delayed bleeding. Patients with anastomotic related hemorrhage were at high-risks of postoperative death after surgery. Recurrent bleeding was the main cause of death.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 865-875, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909950

ABSTRACT

Traumatic rib fractures are the most common injury in thoracic trauma. Previously,the patients with traumatic rib fractures were mostly treated non-surgically,of which 50%,especially those combined with flail chest presented chronic pain or chest wall deformities and over 30% had long-term disabilities,being unable to retain a full-time job. In the past two decades,thanks to the development of internal fixation material technology,the surgical treatment of rib fractures has achieved good outcomes. However,there are still some problems in clinical treatment,including inconsistency in surgical treatment and quality control in medical services. The current consensuses on the management of regional traumatic rib fractures published at home and abroad mainly focus on the guidance of the overall treatment decisions and plans,and relevant clinical guidelines abroad lacks progress in surgical treatment of rib fractures in recent years. Therefore,the Chinese Society of Traumatology affiliated to Chinese Medical Association and Chinese College of Trauma Surgeons affiliated to Chinese Medical Doctor Association,in conjunction with national multidisciplinary experts,formulate the Chinese Consensus for Surgical Treatment of Traumatic Rib Fractures(2021)following the principle of evidence-based medicine,scientific nature and practicality. This expert consensus puts forward some clear,applicable,and graded recommendations from aspects of preoperative imaging evaluation,surgical indications,timing of surgery,surgical methods,rib fracture sites for surgical fixation,internal fixation methods and material selections,treatment of combined injuries in rib fractures,in order to provide references for surgical treatment of traumatic rib fractures.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909238

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of deep learning-based AiContour ??versus atlas-based Raystation ?? automatic contouring methods on the contouring of organs-at-risk on CT images of patients with rectal cancer who undergo radiotherapy, providing evidence for clinical application. Methods:Fifty patients with rectal cancer who received treatment during January to June 2020 in Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital (Affiliated Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College) were included in this study. The CT images from 20 patients with rectal cancer that had been contoured by experienced radiotherapist were selected as target images and automatically contoured using the data template library of AiContour ?? and Raystation ?? automatic contouring methods. Hausdorff distance, mean distance to agreement, dice similarity coefficient, Jaccard coefficient were used to quantitatively evaluate the accuracy of the volume of contour of organs-at-risk automatically sketched by the two methods. Results:There was no significant difference in Hausdorff distance in left femoral head [(6.81 ± 2.66) vs. (7.24 ± 2.10)], right femoral head [(7.38 ± 3.91) vs. (8.14 ± 3.71)], pelvis [(24.00 ± 9.01) vs. (24.66 ± 9.67)] between AiContour ?? and Raystation ?? automatic contouring methods ( tleft femoral head = -0.831, tright femoral head = -0.821, tpelvis = -0.357, all P > 0.05). Significant differences were observed in mean distance to agreement, dice similarity coefficient and Jaccard coefficient of organs-at-risk (all P < 0.05). The mean values of dice similarity coefficient automatically sketched by AiContour ?? method were > 0.7. The DSC of left kidney, right kidney, rectum and bladder automatically sketched by Raystation ?? method were < 0.7, and the dice similarity coefficient values of other organs-at-risk automatically sketched by Raystation ?? method were > 0.7. In addition, Hausdorff distance, mean distance to agreement and Jaccard coefficient values of organs-at-risk automatically sketched by AiContour ?? method were superior to those automatically sketched by Raystation ??. Conclusion:After slight modification, the organs-at-risk automatically sketched by AiContour ?? and Raystation ?? methods can meet clinical requirement. The contouring effects provided byAiContour ?? method were superior to those provided by Raystation ?? method.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908001

ABSTRACT

Children and adolescents with orthostatic intolerance (OI) have autonomic nervous dysfunction.The autonomic nervous system is closely related to the cardiovascular system, and autonomic nervous dysfunction can cause changes in electrocardiographic (ECG) indexes, including the heart rate variability (HRV), ventricular late potential (VLP), P wave dispersion (Pd), QT interval dispersion (QTd), T peak-T end interval and etc.In this paper, the recent research progress on the electrocardiogram changes of OI in children and adolescents is reviewed.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905302

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the agreement between measurements of spatiotemporal gait characteristics made with Gaitboter and Noraxon gait analysis systems. Methods:From February to April, 2019, 35 healthy adults were recruited to participate in gait analysis using Gaitboter and Noraxon gait analysis apparatuses, respectively. Stance phase, swing phase, stride length, cadence, velocity and toe out were recorded and computed. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and Bland-Altman plots were used to evaluate the agreement between the two gait analysis systems. Results:There was a good reliability in spatiotemporal gait characteristics between two gait analysis systems (ICC 0.691 to 0.835). Bland-Altman plots also showed good agreement. Conclusion:The measurements of temporal and spatial parameters with Gaitboter and Noraxon gait analysis systems yield acceptable agreement, and further study needs to be conducted on the validity of the Gaitboter gait analysis system.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905067

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and mechanism of Guizhitang with different proportions of Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix on overactive cardiac sympathetic nerves in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. Method:Randomly divide the forty male 6-week-old salt-sensitive hypertensive rats into five groups: the normal control group, the model group, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶2 group,and the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 2∶1 group, each group has 8 animals, the normal control group was fed with low-salt feed, and the remaining four groups were fed with 8% high-salt feed. After 4 weeks of feeding, gastric feeding was started. Give both the normal control group and model group saline and the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group, the 1∶2 group,and the 2∶1 group, were given Guizhitang aqueous solution at 4.0, 5.5 and 5.5 g·kg-1, respectively. Continuous gavage intervention was held for 4 weeks. IITC multi-channel non-invasive sphygmomanometer was used to detect changes of systolic blood pressure before and after treatment in rats. Left ventricular anterior wall end-diastolic thickness (LVAWd) and interventricular septal diastolic thickness (IVSd) were detected by echocardiography. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining and Masson staining were used to observe the myocardial morphological changes of rats in each group, Western blot was used to detect the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF), growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein. Result:After 4 weeks of intervention with Guizhitang, compared with the normal control group, the blood pressure, LVAWd and IVSd of the model group were significantly increased, and the expressions of NGF, TH and GAP43 protein were significantly increased (P<0.01). HE and Masson staining results showed that the model group had myocardial cell edema, a large number of inflammatory cell infiltration, myocardial fiber hyperplasia and disordered arrangement, and a large amount of collagen deposition could be seen in the intercellular substance. Compared with model group, the systolic blood pressure of rats in each Guizhitang group increased slowly, and the expression of NGF, TH and GAP43 protein decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01),the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group has the best effect. The results of echocardiography shows that the 1∶1 Guishao group could reduce LVAWd and IVSd levels (P<0.05,P<0.01), the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶2 group could reduce IVSd level (P<0.05), there was no statistical difference in LVAWd, there was no statistical difference in LVAWd and IVSd in 2∶1 group. In terms of myocardial morphology, each group of Guizhitang can reduce cell edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, reduce myocardial fiber hyperplasia and collagen deposition, and improve the disorder of myocardial fiber arrangement. Among them, the 1∶1 group has the best effect. Conclusion:Guizhitang can inhibit the overactive activation of cardiac sympathetic nervous system,reduce the extent of myocardial fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and myocardial hypertrophy, and protect salt-sensitive hypertension rats, whose mechanism may be related to regulating the expression of heart NGF.Among them, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group is better than the 1∶2 and 2∶1 group in reducing myocardial fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and myocardial hypertrophy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Xiao Qinglongtang on chronic heart failure with cold phlegm in lung, and explore its mechanism of action. Method:A total of 87 patients with definite chronic heart failure were divided into observation group and control group by random number table method.The two groups received routine western medicine at the same time. Forty-two cases in observation group were treated with Xiao Qinglongtang based on western medicine, and 45 cases in control group received the same dose of placebo. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks, and then their cardiac function, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score and efficacy were compared before and after treatment. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were measured in both groups before and after treatment. The changes of standard deviation of NN intervals (SDNN), square root of the mean squared differences of successive NN intervals (RMSSD), high frequency (HF) and low frequency (LF) that reflect autonomic nerve function indexes in heart rate variability (HRV) after treatment were compared between two groups. The changes of inflammatory indicators such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and highly sensitive C reaction protein (hs-CRP) were detected. Result:After treatment, the total effective rate for cardiac function in observation group was higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The TCM symptom scores were improved after treatment in both groups (P<0.05), and the total effective rate in observation group was higher than that in control group (P<0.01). After treatment, LVEF levels significantly increased (P<0.01) and NT-proBNP levels significantly decreased (P<0.01) in both groups, and the effect in observation group was more obvious (P<0.01). After treatment, SDNN, RMSD, HF and LF indicators in HRV were all higher than those before treatment in both groups (P<0.01), and the improvement in observation group was more significant than that in control group (P<0.01). The levels of IL-6 and hs-CRP decreased after treatment in both groups (P<0.01), and the level of observation group was significantly lower than that of control group (P<0.01). Conclusion:Xiao Qinglongtang has certain clinical efficacy in treating chronic heart failure with cold phlegm in lung as it can improve the clinical symptoms of patients, regulate autonomic nervous balance, and inhibit inflammatory factors, providing new clinical ideas to treat chronic heart failure in TCM.

12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 918-927, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896583

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We compared the clinical outcomes of modified procedures for associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) based on a risk-reduced strategy with those of classic ALPPS procedures in treating large liver carcinoma. @*Materials and Methods@#Short-term outcomes, increases in future liver remnant (FLR) and functional FLR (FFLR), and overall survival (OS) were compared between 45 consecutive patients treated with modified ALPPS procedures and 34 patients treated with classic ALPPS procedures. @*Results@#Clinical outcomes after the 1st-stage operation markedly improved with the modified procedures. Although the proportions of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma were higher in the modified group, the mortality and incidence of severe complications did not increase. FLR and FFLR hypertrophy at 1 week after the 1st-stage operation were similar in both groups; however, kinetic growth rates in the modified group were lower. OS rates were similar. @*Conclusion@#Modified ALPPS procedures could be safely applied to provide long-term survival for patients with liver cirrhosis without sufficient FLR.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 366-372, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923201

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between the neurobehavioral functions of individuals exposed to low-level lead and the levels of serum copper-related proteins glutathione S-transferase M1(GSTM1), hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha(HIF1α), cyclooxygenase 1(COX1) and metallothionein(MT), and to screen biomarkers for changes in neurobehavioral function caused by occupational lead exposure. METHODS: A total of 194 workers who exposed to low-level lead(lead-exposed group) and 120 workers without lead exposure(control group) were selected from a battery factory as the research subjects by judgment sampling method. The inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry was used to determine blood lead levels of the two groups, and the State of Mood Scale(POMS) was investigated to assess the emotional state. The computerized neurobehavioral evaluation system in Chinese version 3(NES-C3) was used to test the neurobehavioral ability index(NAI) of related indicators of learning memory and mental activity. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the levels of copper-related protein in serum. After using principal component analysis to extract the principal components of emotional state, learning memory and mental activity, multiple linear regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of neurobehavioral function. RESULTS: The blood lead level of the lead-exposed group was increased [(57.15±11.12) vs(177.86±80.04) μg/L, P<0.01], and the incidence of symptoms such as dizziness, memory loss, sleep disturbance, fatigue, weakness, cold sweats in extremities, cold extremities, tingling of extremities, tingling sensation in the distal extremities, tetany, instability of holding things, metallic taste in the mouth, nausea and vomiting, anorexia, constipation, abdominal distension, abdominal pain, toothache/tooth loosening were increased(all P<0.01) compared with the control group. Meanwhile, the scores of tension-anxiety, depression-dejection, fatigue-inertia, anger-hostility, confusion-bewilderment of POMS were increased(all P<0.01), and the scores of vigor-activity were decreased(P<0.01). The NAI of the lead-exposed individuals in the NES-C3 test of 6 indicators(series addition and subtraction, visual retention, memory scanning, listening to digital breadth, visual simple reaction time, target tracking) were lower than that of the control group(all P<0.01). The serum levels of GSTM1 and HIF1α of the lead-exposed group decreased(all P<0.01), and the COX1 and MT levels increased(all P<0.01) compared with the control group. The serum GSTM1, HIF1α, COX1 and MT of the lead-exposed group were correlated with their emotional state, learning and memory and mental activity to varying degrees(all P<0.05). The results of multiple stepwise linear regression showed that serum COX1 level was an independent influencing factor of emotional state(P<0.01), serum GSTM1, COX1 and lead working years were independent influencing factor of learning and memory(all P<0.05), and work length with lead exposure and alcohol consumption was an independent influencing factor of mental activity(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Low-level lead exposure can cause central nervous system symptoms in workers, and the change in neurobehavioral function and serum levels of copper-related proteins GSTM1, HIF1α, COX1 and MT. Serum levels of GSTM1 and COX1 can be used as candidate biomarkers for indicating neurobehavioral function caused by lead exposure.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922756

ABSTRACT

Physalin B (PB), one of the major active steroidal constituents of Solanaceae Physalis plants, has a wide variety of biological activities. We found that PB significantly down-regulated β-amyloid (Aβ) secretion in N2a/APPsw cells. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In the current study, we investigated the changes in key enzymes involved in β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism and other APP metabolites by treating N2a/APPsw cells with PB at different concentrations. The results indicated that PB reduced Aβ secretion, which was caused by down-regulation of β-secretase (BACE1) expression, as indicated at both the protein and mRNA levels. Further research revealed that PB regulated BACE1 expression by inducing the activation of forkhead box O1 (FoxO1) and inhibiting the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). In addition, the effect of PB on BACE1 expression and Aβ secretion was reversed by treatment with FoxO1 siRNA and STAT3 antagonist S3I-201. In conclusion, these data demonstrated that PB can effectively down-regulate the expression of BACE1 to reduce Aβsecretion by activating the expression of FoxO1 and inhibiting the phosphorylation of STAT3.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/metabolism , Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Forkhead Box Protein O1/genetics , Humans , Phosphorylation , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Secosteroids
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1807-1811, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922339

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the diagnostic value of bone marrow cell morphology combined with immunohistochemistry in patients with primary bone marrow lymphoma.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 23 patients with primary bone marrow lymphoma diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2010 to December 2019 were collected. The characteristics of bone marrow aspiration, bone marrow biopsy and immunohistochemistry results were analyzed retrospectively, and the diagnostic value of bone marrow cell morphology combined with immunohistochemistry in primary bone marrow lymphoma were clarified.@*RESULTS@#Most of primary bone marrow lymphoma was B-cell lymphoma, among which diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was the most common pathological type. Typical lymphoma cells could be found in all the patients. 78.26% of the patients could be diagnosed as lymphoma with pathological type, while 91.30% were diagnosed as lymphoma through combined with the bone marrow immunohistochemistry.@*CONCLUSION@#Bone marrow cell morphology combined with immunohistochemistry shows very important diagnostic value in patients with primary bone marrow lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922064

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The patient monitors were used to explore the alarm actuality in a ICU and NICU to investigate the awareness and reaction of medical staff to alarms.@*METHODS@#A series of surveys and interviews were taken to acquire clinicians' feelings and attitudes to monitoring alarms. The researchers were scheduled to track the alarms with annotations, and collect the alarm data of patient monitors using central monitoring system.@*RESULTS@#A total of 235 387 and 67 783 alarms occurred in ICU and NICU respectively. The average alarm rate was about 142 alarms/patient-day in ICU and 96 alarms/patient-day in NICU.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There remains alarm fatigue in ICU and NICU, the main reason is the large number of false alarms and clinically irrelevant alarms. In addition, patient monitor is still in the level of threshold alarms or combined alarms, the data integrity and intelligence level need to be improved in future.


Subject(s)
Clinical Alarms , Electrocardiography , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Monitoring, Physiologic
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888703

ABSTRACT

Methyltransferase like 13 (METTL13), a kind of methyltransferase, is implicated in protein binding and synthesis. The upregulation of METTL13 has been reported in a variety of tumors. However, little was known about its potential function in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) so far. In this study, we found that METTL13 was significantly upregulated in HNSCC at both mRNA and protein level. Increased METTL13 was negatively associated with clinical prognosis. And METTL13 markedly affected HNSCC cellular phenotypes in vivo and vitro. Further mechanism study revealed that METTL13 could regulate EMT signaling pathway by mediating enhancing translation efficiency of Snail, the key transcription factor in EMT, hence regulating the progression of EMT. Furthermore, Snail was verified to mediate METTL13-induced HNSCC cell malignant phenotypes. Altogether, our study had revealed the oncogenic role of METTL13 in HNSCC, and provided a potential therapeutic strategy.


Subject(s)
Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/genetics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904719

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To review our experience of reoperations for pulmonary venous stenosis (PVS) after total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) repair for the past decade in Fuwai Hospital. Methods    Nine patients underwent reoperation for PVS between 2009 and 2019 in Fuwai Hospital, including 4 males and 5 females with an average age of 5.10±5.00 years. The patients were divided into a sutureless group (n=3) and a non-sutureless group (n=6). Clinical data were reviewed and analyzed. Results    For primary TAPVC type, 4 patients were supracardiac, 2 patients were cardiac, 1 patient was infracardiac, and 2 patients were mixed-type anomaly. The median cardiopulmonary bypass time was 95 (63, 208) min, aortic clamping time was 58 (30, 110) min, ICU stay was 24 (24, 2 136) h. Early hospital death occured in 1 (11.1%) patient. One (11.1%) patient with single ventricle physiology had hospital comorbidity, who underwent hemofitration therapy. The follow-up time was 11.9 (2.2, 18.0) months, during which 1 patient died of restenosis of pulmonary vein and another patient died of stroke. No statistically significant difference was found between the sutureless group and non-sutureless group in postoperative or follow-up results (P>0.05). Conclusion    Surgery is effective for treatment of PVS after repair of TAPVC, yet with a realatively high morbidity and mortality. The advantage of sutureless repair over conventional repair for this particular group of patients is yet to be verified.

19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 918-927, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904287

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We compared the clinical outcomes of modified procedures for associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) based on a risk-reduced strategy with those of classic ALPPS procedures in treating large liver carcinoma. @*Materials and Methods@#Short-term outcomes, increases in future liver remnant (FLR) and functional FLR (FFLR), and overall survival (OS) were compared between 45 consecutive patients treated with modified ALPPS procedures and 34 patients treated with classic ALPPS procedures. @*Results@#Clinical outcomes after the 1st-stage operation markedly improved with the modified procedures. Although the proportions of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma were higher in the modified group, the mortality and incidence of severe complications did not increase. FLR and FFLR hypertrophy at 1 week after the 1st-stage operation were similar in both groups; however, kinetic growth rates in the modified group were lower. OS rates were similar. @*Conclusion@#Modified ALPPS procedures could be safely applied to provide long-term survival for patients with liver cirrhosis without sufficient FLR.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881479

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the prevalence of renal function decline in the elderly population in a community and risk factors. Methods:Data in the physical examination of the elderly population aged over 60 years old in a community in 2018 were collected and analyzed. Estimated glomerular filtration rate was calculated by modified modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) formula. Association between renal function decline and risk factors were determined. Results:Among the 9 626 elderly people, the prevalence of renal function decline was 10.71%, which increased with age. Multivariate logistic regression showed that men, age, anemia, abnormal uric acid, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, glutamine transaminase, and the history of stroke were the independent risk factors associated with renal function decline. Conclusion:The prevalence of renal function decline in elderly people in a community in Shanghai is relatively high. It is necessary to pay attention to early screening and take effective preventive measures, such as health education, scientific exercise and reasonable diet, chronic disease management and other measures.

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