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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 614-619, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985918

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of endoscopic diaphragm incision in pediatric congenital duodenal diaphragm. Methods: Eight children with duodenal diaphragm treated by endoscopic diaphragm incision in the Department of Gastroenterology of Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from October 2019 to May 2022 were enrolled in this study. Their clinical data including general conditions, clinical manifestations, laboratory and imaging examinations, endoscopic procedures and outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 8 children, 4 were males and 4 females. The diagnosis was confirmed at the age of 6-20 months; the age of onset was 0-12 months and the course of disease was 6-18 months. The main clinical manifestations were recurrent non-biliary vomiting, abdominal distension and malnutrition. One case complicated with refractory hyponatremia was first diagnosed with atypical congenital adrenal hyperplasia in the endocrinology department. After treatment with hydrocortisone, the blood sodium returned to normal, but vomiting was recurrent. One patient underwent laparoscopic rhomboid duodenal anastomosis in another hospital but had recurred vomiting after the operation, who was diagnosed with double duodenal diaphragm under endoscope. No other malformations were found in all the 8 cases. The duodenal diaphragm was located in the descending part of the duodenum, and the duodenal papilla was located below the diaphragm in all the 8 cases. Three cases had the diaphragm dilated by balloon to explore the diaphragm opening range before diaphragm incision; the other 5 had diaphragm incision performed after probing the diaphragm opening with guide wire. All the 8 cases were successfully treated by endoscopic incision of duodenal diaphragm, with the operation time of 12-30 minutes. There were no complications such as intestinal perforation, active bleeding or duodenal papilla injury. At one month of follow-up, their weight increased by 0.4-1.5 kg, with an increase of 5%-20%. Within the postoperative follow-up period of 2-20 months, all the 8 children had duodenal obstruction relieved, without vomiting or abdominal distension, and all resumed normal feeding. Gastroscopy reviewed at 2-3 months after the operation in 3 cases found no deformation of the duodenal bulbar cavity, and the mucosa of the incision was smooth, with a duodenal diameter of 6-7 mm. Conclusion: Endoscopic diaphragm incision is safe, effective and less invasive in pediatric congenital duodenal diaphragm, with favorable clinical applicability.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Retrospective Studies , Thorax , Endoscopy , Physical Examination , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 418-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of 11 cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with t (14;19) (q32;q13) . Methods: The case data of 11 patients with CLL with t (14;19) (q32;q13) in the chromosome karyotype analysis results of the Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1, 2018, to July 30, 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: In all 11 patients, t (14;19) (q32;q13) involved IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, and most of them were accompanied by +12 or complex karyotype. An immunophenotypic score of 4-5 was found in 7 patients and 3 in 4 cases. We demonstrated that CLLs with t (14;19) (q32;q13) had a mutational pattern with recurrent mutations in NOTCH1 (3/7), FBXW7 (3/7), and KMT2D (2/7). The very-high-risk, high-risk, intermediate-risk, and low-risk groups consisted of 1, 1, 6, and 3 cases, respectively. Two patients died, 8 survived, and 2 were lost in follow-up. Four patients had disease progression or relapse during treatment. The median time to the first therapy was 1 month. Conclusion: t (14;19) (q32;q13), involving IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, is a rare recurrent cytogenetic abnormality in CLL, which is associated with a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 373-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984632

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the molecular features of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) . Methods: According to 2022 World Health Organization (WHO 2022) classification, 113 CMML patients and 840 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients from March 2016 to October 2021 were reclassified, and the clinical and molecular features of CMML patients were analyzed. Results: Among 113 CMML patients, 23 (20.4%) were re-diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), including 18 AML with NPM1 mutation, 3 AML with KMT2A rearrangement, and 2 AML with MECOM rearrangement. The remaining 90 patients met the WHO 2022 CMML criteria. In addition, 19 of 840 (2.3%) MDS patients met the WHO 2022 CMML criteria. At least one gene mutation was detected in 99% of CMML patients, and the median number of mutations was 4. The genes with mutation frequency ≥ 10% were: ASXL1 (48%), NRAS (34%), RUNX1 (33%), TET2 (28%), U2AF1 (23%), SRSF2 (21.1%), SETBP1 (20%), KRAS (17%), CBL (15.6%) and DNMT3A (11%). Paired analysis showed that SRSF2 was frequently co-mutated with ASXL1 (OR=4.129, 95% CI 1.481-11.510, Q=0.007) and TET2 (OR=5.276, 95% CI 1.979-14.065, Q=0.001). SRSF2 and TET2 frequently occurred in elderly (≥60 years) patients with myeloproliferative CMML (MP-CMML). U2AF1 mutations were often mutually exclusive with TET2 (OR=0.174, 95% CI 0.038-0.791, Q=0.024), and were common in younger (<60 years) patients with myelodysplastic CMML (MD-CMML). Compared with patients with absolute monocyte count (AMoC) ≥1×10(9)/L and <1×10(9)/L, the former had a higher median age of onset (60 years old vs 47 years old, P<0.001), white blood cell count (15.9×10(9)/L vs 4.4×10(9)/L, P<0.001), proportion of monocytes (21.5% vs 15%, P=0.001), and hemoglobin level (86 g/L vs 74 g/L, P=0.014). TET2 mutations (P=0.021) and SRSF2 mutations (P=0.011) were more common in patients with AMoC≥1×10(9)/L, whereas U2AF1 mutations (P<0.001) were more common in patients with AMoC<1×10(9)/L. There was no significant difference in the frequency of other gene mutations between the two groups. Conclusion: According to WHO 2022 classification, nearly 20% of CMML patients had AMoC<1×10(9)/L at the time of diagnosis, and MD-CMML and MP-CMML had different molecular features.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic/genetics , Prognosis , Splicing Factor U2AF/genetics , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1100-1106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009193

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of intramedullary nail fixation (IMN) and minimally invasive percutaneous plate internal fixation (MIPPO) techniques on tibiofibular fractures and their effect on platelet activation and serum transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2).@*METHODS@#Total of 105 patients with tibiofibular fractures from February 2019 to February 2020 were selected and divided into 53 cases in the MIPPO group and 52 cases in the IMN group. There were 29 males and 24 females with an average age of (41.74±6.05) years old in MIPPO group;in IMN group, 31 males and 21 females with an average age of (40.59±5.26) years old. The perioperative surgical indexes, postoperative complications, ankle function recovery at 12 months postoperatively, platelet activation indexes at 3 and 7 days preoperatively and postoperatively, and serum TGF-β1 and BMP-2 levels at 4 and 8 weeks preoperatively and postoperatively were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The operating time and fracture healing time in the MIPPO group were shorter than those in the IMN group(P<0.05); Compared with the preoperative period, the levels of GMP-140, PAC-1, CD63, and CD61 increased in both groups at 3 and 7 days after surgery, but were lower in the MIPPO group than in the IMN group(P<0.05);the levels of serum TGF-β1 and BMP-2 increased in both groups at 4 and 8 weeks after surgery compared with the preoperative period, and the postoperative complication rate in the MIPPO group was lower than that in the IMN group(P<0.05);the difference was not statistically significant in the excellent rate of ankle function recovery at 12 months follow-up after surgery between two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both intramedullary nail fixation and MIPO technique for treatment of tibia and fibula fractures can improve ankle joint function, but the latter has the advantages of short operation time, fast fracture healing, fewer complications, and light platelet activation. Serum TGF-β1, BMP-2 level improves quickly.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Tibia/injuries , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Plates , Fracture Healing , Postoperative Complications , Fractures, Multiple , Treatment Outcome , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 117-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971418

ABSTRACT

Objective: To clarify the phenotypes of the newborns with SLC26A4 single-allele mutation in deafness genetic screening and second variant; to analyze the SLC26A4 genotype and hearing phenotype. Methods: 850 newborns born in Beijing from April 2015 to December 2019 were included and there were 468 males and 382 females. They received genetic deafness screening for 9 or 15 variants, with the result of SLC26A4 single-allele mutation. Firstly, three step deafness gene sequencing was adopted in this work, i.e., the first step was "SLC26A4 gene whole exons and splice sites" sequencing; the second step was "SLC26A4 gene promoter, FOXI1 gene and KCNJ10 gene whole exons" sequencing; and the third step was detection for "SLC26A4 gene copy number variation". Secondly, we collected the results of newborn hearing screening for all patients with the second mutation found in the three step test, and conducted audiological examinations, such as acoustic immittance, auditory brainstem response and auditory steady state response. Thirdly, for novel/VUS mutations, we searched the international deafness gene database or software, such as DVD, ClinVar and Mutation Taster, to predict the pathogenicity of mutations according to the ACMG guideline. Lastly, we analyzed the relationship between genotype and phenotype of newborns with SLC26A4 single allele mutation. Results: Among 850 cases, the median age of diagnosis was 4 months. In the first step, 850 cases were sequenced. A total of 32 cases (3.76%, 32/850) of a second variants were detected, including 18 cases (2.12%, 18/850) with identified pathogenic variants; 832 cases were sequenced and 8 cases of KCNJ10 gene missense variants were detected among the second step. No missense mutations in the FOXI1 gene and abnormal SLC26A4 gene promoter were detected; the third step sequencing results were all negative. Genotypes and hearing phenotypes included 18 cases combined with the second clear pathogenic variant, 16 cases (16/18) referred newborn hearing screening and 2 cases (2/18) passed in both ears; degree of hearing loss consisted of 18 profound ears (18/36), 13 severe ears (13/36) and 5 moderate ears (5/36); audiogram patterns comprised 17 high frequency drop ears (17/36), 14 flat ears (14/36), 3 undistinguished ears (3/36), and 2 U shaped ears (2/36); 11 cases underwent imaging examination, all of which were bilateral enlarged vestibular aqueduct. As for 22 cases of other genotypes, all passed neonatal hearing screening and the hearing diagnosis was normal, including 9 cases with VUS or possibly novel benign variants, 8 cases with KCNJ10 double gene heterozygous variants, and 5 cases with double heterozygous variants. Conclusions: The probability of individuals with SLC26A4 single-allele variant who merge with a second pathogenic variant is 2.12%, all of which are SNV, which can provide scientific basis for the genetic diagnosis and genetic counseling of SLC26A4 variants. Those who have merged with second pathogenic variant are all diagnosed with sensorineural hearing loss. Patients with KCNJ10 gene mutations do not manifest hearing loss during the infancy, suggesting the need for further follow-up.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Alleles , Deafness/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Genotype , Hearing Loss/genetics , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics , Mutation , Phenotype , Sulfate Transporters/genetics , Vestibular Aqueduct , Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying/genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 76-80+84, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965582

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract:Objective To optimize the production process of inactivated vaccine of Aeromonas veronii(AV)CA07 strain. Methods The fermentation culture process of AV CA07 strain liquid was determined through the optimization of the culture time(2~16 h),medium(optimized fermentation medium,LB medium and NB medium)and fermentation conditions(in⁃ oculation amount of 1%,5%,10% and 15%;ventilation rate of 2,4,6 and 8 L/min and fermentation time of 6,8,10 and 12 h). The optimal inactivation process was determined through the comparison of the final concentration of formalde⁃ hyde solution(0. 10%,0. 20%,0. 30% and 0. 40%),inactivation temperature(28 and 37 ℃)and inactivation time(24, 48 and 72 h). The large⁃scale production process of inactivated vaccine of AV CA07 strain in 500 L fermentor was estab⁃ lished and the prepared vaccines were tested for safety and immunogenicity. Results The optimal inoculation amount of AV CA07 strain was 5%,ventilation rate was 4 L/min and culture time was 10 ~ 12 h. The optimal inactivation condition was adding formaldehyde solution with final concentration of 0. 30% incubating at 37 ℃ for 24 h. The number of viable bacteria in the fermentation broth of AV CA07 strain prepared in 500 L fermentor was more than 8 × 109 CFU/mL. All crucian carps immunized with the inactivated vaccine by abdomen survived. After challenge,the relative immune protection rate was more than 90%. Conclusion AV CA07 strain inactivated vaccine prepared by optimized production process showed good safety and immunogenicity.

7.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 441-451, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939969

ABSTRACT

@#Modulating drug release from liposomes at tumor sites are important for eliciting therapeutic effects of platinum drugs considering their low permeability through liposomal membranes, here a novel secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) responsive-liposome system was constructed for oxaliplatin (L-OHP).Lipid ingredients dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine and distearoyl phosphoethanolamine-PEG2k, together with facial amphiphiles (FAs) including lithocholic acid (LCA) or 3-keto lithocholic acid (kLCA) were used to prepare sPLA2 responsive-liposome (LCA-Lip or kLCA-Lip) by thin-film hydration method.The physicochemical properties, sPLA2-responsive drug release and anti-tumor activity were evaluated in vitro.The results indicated L-OHP loaded liposomes modified with FAs had similar particle sizes of approximately 100 nm and narrow size distributions (PDI < 0.11).Compared with non-FAs-containing liposomes (C-Lip), LCA-Lip or kLCA-Lip has a comparable entrapment efficiency and loading efficiency.LCA-Lip or kLCA-Lip didn't show significant higher drug leakage at the presence of 10% or 50% fetal bovine serum (FBS) in media than that in media without FBS.Treated with secretory phospholipase A2 from Colo205 cells culture conditioned medium (CCM sPLA2) for 24 h, FAs modified liposomes released about 70% of carboxyfluorescein (CF), while C-Lip only released 20% of CF.Compared to L-OHP loaded C-Lip, L-OHP-loaded FAs-included formulations had much greater anti-proliferative activity against sPLA2-secreting Colo205 cells.In summary, our results shows that LCA or kLCA promotes responsiveness of liposomes to tumor-related sPLA2 and points to a new way to develop platium drugs-loaded liposomal delivery systems with better release mechanisms.

8.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 730-740, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914616

ABSTRACT

Background@#(Introduction): Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, causes the outbreaks of Latin America in 2015 - 2016, with the incidence of neurological complications. Sunitinib malate, an orally bioavailable malate salt of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is suggested as a broadspectrum antiviral agent against emerging viruses like severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and SARS-CoV-2. @*Materials and Methods@#This study investigated the antiviral efficacy and antiviral mechanisms of sunitinib malate against ZIKV infection using cytopathic effect reduction, virus yield, and time-of-addition assays. @*Results@#Sunitinib malate concentration-dependently reduced ZIKV-induced cytopathic effect, the expression of viral proteins, and ZIKV yield in supernatant with 50% inhibitory concentration (IC 50 ) value of 0.015 μM, and the selectivity index of greater than 100 against ZIKV infection, respectively. Sunitinib malate had multiple antiviral actions during entry and post-entry stages of ZIKV replication. Sunitinib malate treatment at entry stage significantly reduced the levels of ZIKV RNA replication with the reduction of (+) RNA to (-) RNA ratio and the production of new intracellular infectious particles in infected cells. The treatment at post-entry stage caused a concentration-dependent increase in the levels of ZIKV (+) RNA and (-) RNA in infected cells, along with enlarging the ratio of (+) RNA to (-) RNA, but caused a pointed increase in the titer of intracellular infectious particles by 0.01 and 0.1 μM, and a substantial decrease in the titer of intracellular infectious particles by 1 μM. @*Conclusion@#The study discovered the antiviral actions of sunitinib malate against ZIKV infection, demonstrating a repurposed, host-targeted approach to identify potential antiviral drugs for treating emerging and global viral diseases.

9.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 113-118, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821517

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study is to explore the genotype and hearing phenotype of deaf infants with mutation of GJB2 gene.@*Method@#Subjects were 121 infants with GJB2 gene mutations who were treated in the Children's Hearing Diagnosis Center of Beijing Tongren hospital. All subjects were accepted to undertake the universal newborns hearing screening(UNHS) and series of objective audiometry, including auditory brainstem response, distortion product otoacoustic emission, auditory steady-state response and other audiological tests. All subjects were screened for nine pathogenic variants in four genes or all exons of the GJB2 gene, and then were diagnosed as infants with GJB2 gene mutations. Initially, analyzing their genotypes and hearing phenotypes generally. Then, the subjects were divided into two groups according to the genotypes: T/T group(truncated/truncated mutations, 89 cases) and T/NT group(truncated/non-truncated mutations, 32 cases). Chi-square test was used to analyze the results of UNHS, hearing degree, audiogram patterns and symmetry/asymmetry of binaural hearing phenotype. Eventually, analyzing the results of UNHS. @*Result@#The most common truncated mutation was c.235delC(64.88%, 157/242) and the most common non-truncated mutation was c.109G>A(11.16%, 27/242). The homozygous mutation of c.235delC/c.235delC was the dominant in T/T group(38.84%, 47/121), and the compound heterozygous mutation of c.235delC/c.109G>A was the dominant in T/NT group(18.18%, 22/121). 81.82%(99/121) of subjects failed in UNHS, including 74.38%(90/121) with bilateral reference, 7.44%(9/121) with a single pass. The refer rate of UNHS of group T/T and T/NT were 86.52%(77/89) and 68.75%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups(P<0.05). 85.95%(104/121) of subjects were diagnosed as hearing loss and 14.05%(17/121) of subjects were diagnosed as normal hearing. The degree of hearing loss: profound, severe, moderate and mild were 31.40%(38/121), 19.01%(23/121), 24.79%(30/121) and 10.74%(13/121), respectively. There was no subjects with normal hearing in T/T group and individuals with severe and profound hearing loss accounted for the highest proportion(65.17%, 58/89), while in T/NT group, normal hearing accounted for 53.13%(17/32) and mild and moderate hearing loss accounted for the highest proportion(37.5%, 12/32). There was statistically significant difference between the two groups(P<0.05). Of 104 patients(208 ears) with hearing loss, the audiogram patterns: flat, descending, ascending, residual, Valley and other types were 49.03%(102/208), 12.02%(25/208), 8.65%(18/208), 7.69%(16/204), 3.36%(7/204) and 19.23%(40/204), respectively. The two most common types in T/T group were flat(47.19%, 84/178) and other types(20.22%, 36/178), while in T/NT group were flat(60.00%, 18/30) and ascending(20.00%, 6/30). There was statistically significant difference between the two groups(P<0.05). There were 50 cases(48.07%) with symmetrical hearing phenotype and 54 cases(51.93%) with asymmetrical hearing phenotype. Asymmetry was predominant in T/T group(53.93%, 48/89), and symmetry was predominant in T/NT group(60.00%, 9/15). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups(P>0.05). @*Conclusion@#In this study, c.235delC/c.235delC homozygous mutation was dominant in T/T group and c.235delC/c.109G>A heterozygous mutation was dominant in T/NT Group. The hearing phenotypes in T/T group were mostly bilateral asymmetric severe hearing loss, and those in T/NT Group were bilateral symmetric mild to moderate hearing loss, special attention should be paid to the audiological characteristics of different genotypes.

10.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 113-118, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787733

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to explore the genotype and hearing phenotype of deaf infants with mutation of gene. Subjects were 121 infants with gene mutations who were treated in the Children's Hearing Diagnosis Center of Beijing Tongren hospital. All subjects were accepted to undertake the universal newborns hearing screening(UNHS) and series of objective audiometry, including auditory brainstem response, distortion product otoacoustic emission, auditory steady-state response and other audiological tests. All subjects were screened for nine pathogenic variants in four genes or all exons of the gene, and then were diagnosed as infants with gene mutations. Initially, analyzing their genotypes and hearing phenotypes generally. Then, the subjects were divided into two groups according to the genotypes: T/T group(truncated/truncated mutations, 89 cases) and T/NT group(truncated/non-truncated mutations, 32 cases). Chi-square test was used to analyze the results of UNHS, hearing degree, audiogram patterns and symmetry/asymmetry of binaural hearing phenotype. Eventually, analyzing the results of UNHS. The most common truncated mutation was c.235delC(64.88%, 157/242) and the most common non-truncated mutation was c.109G>A(11.16%, 27/242). The homozygous mutation of c.235delC/c.235delC was the dominant in T/T group(38.84%, 47/121), and the compound heterozygous mutation of c.235delC/c.109G>A was the dominant in T/NT group(18.18%, 22/121). 81.82%(99/121) of subjects failed in UNHS, including 74.38%(90/121) with bilateral reference, 7.44%(9/121) with a single pass. The refer rate of UNHS of group T/T and T/NT were 86.52%(77/89) and 68.75%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups(0.05). In this study, c.235delC/c.235delC homozygous mutation was dominant in T/T group and c.235delC/c.109G>A heterozygous mutation was dominant in T/NT Group. The hearing phenotypes in T/T group were mostly bilateral asymmetric severe hearing loss, and those in T/NT Group were bilateral symmetric mild to moderate hearing loss, special attention should be paid to the audiological characteristics of different genotypes.

11.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 54-62, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719641

ABSTRACT

Cis-3-O-p-hydroxycinnamoyl ursolic acid (HCUA), a triterpenoid compound, was purified from Elaeagnus oldhamii Maxim. This traditional medicinal plant has been used for treating rheumatoid arthritis and lung disorders as well as for its anti-inflammation and anticancer activities. This study aimed to investigate the anti-proliferative and apoptotic-inducing activities of HCUA in oral cancer cells. HCUA exhibited anti-proliferative activity in oral cancer cell lines (Ca9-22 and SAS cells), but not in normal oral fibroblasts. The inhibitory concentration of HCUA that resulted in 50% viability was 24.0 µM and 17.8 µM for Ca9-22 and SAS cells, respectively. Moreover, HCUA increased the number of cells in the sub-G1 arrest phase and apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner in both oral cancer cell lines, but not in normal oral fibroblasts. Importantly, HCUA induced p53-mediated transcriptional regulation of pro-apoptotic proteins (Bax, Bak, Bim, Noxa, and PUMA), which are associated with mitochondrial apoptosis in oral cancer cells via the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. HCUA triggered the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) that was ascertained to be involved in HCUA-induced apoptosis by the ROS inhibitors YCG063 and N-acetyl-L-cysteine. As a result, HCUA had potential antitumor activity to oral cancer cells through eliciting ROS-dependent and p53-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis. Overall, HCUA could be applicable for the development of anticancer agents against human oral cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetylcysteine , Antineoplastic Agents , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Cell Line , Elaeagnaceae , Fibroblasts , Lung , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Mouth Neoplasms , Plants, Medicinal , Reactive Oxygen Species
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 637-640, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771906

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical features and therapeutic efficacy in adult ALL patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1).@*METHODS@#The clinic data of 19 adult ALL patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1) in our hospital from Nov. 22, 2010 to Apr. 4, 2018 were collected. The clinical features,complete remission (CR) rate, overall survival (OS) rate and relapse-free survival (RFS) rate of patients received chemotherapy and chemotherapy+HSCT were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In all the 19 patients, the median age was 24 (14-66), median WBC count was 16.47×109 (1.8-170.34)/L, median Hb level was 98 (65-176) g/L, median Plt count was 50 (15-254)×109/L. Pre B-ALL were 17 cases (89.5%), and common B-ALL were 2 cases (10.5%). Patients received the induction therapy, the overall CR rate was 94.7%, one course CR rate was 94.7%, 4 year OS rate was 47.1% and RFS rate was 43.3%. The OS rate and RFS rate of patients received transplantation were slightly higher than those of patients not received transplantation (OS: 62.5% vs 36.7%) (P=0.188);RFS (62.5% vs 38.9%) (P=0.166).@*CONCLUSION@#Most adult ALL patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1) is Pre B-ALL by Immunophenotyping, as compared with the pediatric patients, the therapeutic efficacy for adult patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1) is worsen, therefore, stem cell transplantation is still acquired for better long term survival.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19 , Homeodomain Proteins , Genetics , Immunophenotyping , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Therapeutics , Recurrence , Remission Induction
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 354-359, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical biological characteristics and prognosis of the patients with mixed phenotype acute leukemia with t(9;22)(q34;q11.2) and/or BCRABL1 (Ph MPAL).@*METHODS@#The morphological, immunological, cytogenetic, and molecular features of 33 in patients with Ph MPAL were retrospectively analyzed in our center from June 2002 to June 2016 according to the scoring proposal of European Group for the Classification of Acute Leukemia(EGIL )1998 and WHO 2008 criteria. All the cases were either treated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) induction regimen or combined chemotherapy regimens for both acute lymphoblastic and acute myeloid leukemia,part of which also received tyrosine kinase inhibitor(TKI) and 5 cases underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) after complete remission.@*RESULTS@#Ph MPAL occurred predominantly in male patients (ratio of M/F was 1.75∶1), and a high WBC counts at diagnosis; the WBC count was higher than 30×10/L in 25 patients( 75.8% ), and appeared higher than 100 ×10/L in 13 patients ( 39.4%). Among all the 33 PhMPAL patients, 32 (97.0%) had a myeloid / B-lymphoid (M/B) phenotype, and 1 case(3.0%) had a myeloid/ B-lymphoid/ T-lymphoid/ (M/B/T) phenotype. There was no patients displayed myeloid / T-lymphoid (M/T) or B-lymphoid/ T-lymphoid/ (B/T) phenotype. 19 of all cases(57.6%) met the diagnosis criteria of PhMPAL based on EGIL 1998 criteria, while the remaining 14 cases can be diagnosed as Ph MPAL by WHO 2008 classification,but excluded as PhMAPL by EGIL 1998.Karyotype analysis was successfully performed in 31 cases, and out of them 13 (41.9%) had a sole Ph chromosome, 10 (32.3%) had additional chromosome aberration and Ph chromosome was not found in 8 cases (25.8%) .In 31 patients the fusion gene BCR/ABL (P190、P210) was detected,including 17 (54.8%) cases with the p190 BCR/ABL transcript, 8 (25.8%) cases with the p210 BCR/ABL transcript, 4 (12.9%) expressing both transcripts and 2 (6.5%) without any one of these 2 transcripts. 24 out of 33 patients (77.4%) achieved complete remission after induction therapy. The median time achieving CR was 43(26-98)days. The CR rate of patients treated with and without imatinib after the first inducion treatment was 81.3% and 46.7%,respectively (P0.05). Within the 17 patients treated with imatinib at induction stage,2 of which became BCR/ABLnegative.At consolidation chemotherapy stage, 9 out of 16 patients became BCR/ABL negative, including 3 patients already subjected to HSCT. The median time reached to BCR/ABL negative was 2.87(1.13-9.20)months.@*CONCLUSION@#Ph MPAL is more common in male, and inclined to high WBC counts at diagnosis. Myeloid/B lymphoid phenotype is more common, and the prognosis of patients with PhMPAL is poor. Imatinib and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may improve survival of patients with PhMPAL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Acute Disease , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Leukemia , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies
14.
Chinese Journal of cardiovascular Rehabilitation Medicine ; (6): 454-457, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753154

ABSTRACT

To explore relationship among disease severity , serum myocardial enzyme levels and echocar‐diographic indexes in patients with gestational hypertension (GH).Methods : A total of 101 GH inpatients treated in our department of gynecology from 2015 to 2018 were divided into severe group (severe preeclampsia and eclampsia patients , n=46 ) and mild group (mild preeclampsia patients , n= 55 ) , and another 60 normal pregnant women were simultaneously selected as normal control group .Heart indexes , serum levels of creatine kinase isoenzyme MB (CK‐MB) and creatine kinase (CK ) were measured and compared among three groups .Results : Compared with normal control group , there were significant rise in LVESd , LVEDd , right ventricular diameter (RVD) , end‐di‐astolic interventricular septal thickness (IVSTd ) and left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT ) in mild group and severe group , and above indexes of severe group were significantly higher than those of mild group , P<0.01 all.Compared with normal control group , there was significant rise in transmitral late diastolic peak flow ve‐locity (A) , and significant reductions in LVEF , cardiac output (CO) , cardiac index (CI) , transmitral early dias‐tolic peak flow velocity (E) and E/A in mild group and severe group ;compared with mild group , there was signifi‐cant rise in A , and significant reductions in LVEF , CO , CI , E and E/A in severe group , P<0. 01 all .Compared with normal control group , there were significant rise in serum levels of CK‐MB [ (6.2 ± 2.5) IU/L vs.(9.4 ± 3.2) IU/L vs.(15. 3 ± 5. 7) IU/L] and CK [(41.8 ± 7.9) IU/L vs.(61.7 ± 12. 5) IU/L vs.(88. 7 ± 20. 4) IU/L] in mild group and severe group , and those of severe group were significantly higher than those of mild group , P=0.001 all.Conclusion : Echocardiography and myocardial enzyme examination in GH patients help to understand functional state and structure of heart , which possess important significance for early identification and treatment .

15.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12): 759-762, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838001

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To analyze the difference of the carbohydrate antigen 242 (CA242) results measured by Luminex flow cytometry fluorescence immunoassay with different calibrations and different ambient temperatures, so as to evaluate the effect of ambient temperature on the measurement results. Methods Two CA242 samples with different concentrations (median- and high-value) were selected and the determination was repeated at 11 temperature points (18.3, 20.1, 21.5, 22.2, 24.1, 25.0, 25.4, 26.5, 27.4, 28.5, and 30.0 ℃) for 5 times by Luminex flow cytometry fluorescence immunoassay. The average value of the detection result at the calibration temperature (25 ℃) was taken as the reference value, and the biases of the detection results at different ambient temperatures were calculated. Forty-nine CA242 specimens covering high-, median- and low-values were examined at 20, 25 and 30 ℃ by Luminex flow cytometry fluorescence immunoassay, and the results were compared and correlation analysis was carried out. Results The biases of the median- and high-value samples at 18.3 ℃ were -35.6% and -29.4%, respectively. The difference between the measurement results at 20 ℃ and 25 ℃ was significant for the 49 specimens (P0.001), and there was a linear correlation between them (Y=0.676 9X+0.374 7, R2=0.990 5). The difference of measurement results was significant between 30 ℃ and 25 ℃ (P0.001), and there was a linear correlation between them (Y=0.896 6X+0.227 0, R2=0.999 4). Conclusion Too low or too high ambient temperature has a negative effect on the determination of CA242 by Luminex flow cytometry fluorescence immunoassay. The ambient temperature should be kept relatively constant and controlled within the range of calibration temperature ±4 ℃.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 1008-1014, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012116

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MNs) after successful treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) . Methods: Clinical data of 4 patients, diagnosed as t-MNs secondary to APL at Hematology Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from October 2012 to January 2019, were collected retrospectively. T-MNs related literature was reviewed. Results: The 4 cases were all females, with the median age 42 (range 40-53) years old at the diagnosis of APL. Regarding the induction and consolidation regimens, 3 patients received all-trans retinoid acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO) combined with anthracycline/anthraquinone and/or cytosine. One patient only received ATRA and other auxiliary drugs. Alkylating agents were not administrated. The 4 patients developed t-MNs 40 to 43 months after complete remission (CR) of APL, including 1 case of therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome (t-MDS) and 3 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) . The PML-RARα fusion genes were all negative when t-MNs developed. The three patients with t-AML were treated with 3 to 4 re-induction regimens, one of whom underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) after complete remission (CR) . One patient with t-MDS received hypomethylating agents. After a median follow-up of 54.5 (48-62) months, 2 patients with t-AML died, the median overall survival after t-MN was 12 (5-18) months. From 1989 to 2018, a total of 63 t-MN cases were reported in the literature. Therefore, 67 cases were analyzed when four patients in our center were added, including 27 males and 40 females with median age 52.5 (15-76) years. The median latency was 39 (12-126) months and the median overall survival after diagnosis of t-MN was 10 (1-39) months. Conclusions: Although rare, t-MNs may occur after successful control of APL. There are no existing guidelines for prevention and treatment of t-MNs, which have very poor prognosis. If cytopenia or other abnormalities of peripheral blood cells develop after 3 years of APL, t-MNs should be considered as a differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Arsenicals , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/therapy , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Oxides , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tretinoin
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 895-900, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012092

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical characteristics, treatment responses and prognosis of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) -del (5q) syndrome who met WHO (2016) diagnostic typing criteria. Methods: A total of 77 patients with del (5q) syndrome, according to WHO (2016) classification, were retrospectively analyzed between January 2008 and April 2018 in the Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Clinical characteristics, lenalidomide (LEN) efficacy and survivals were compared between the patients with del (5q) alone and those with one additional cytogenetic abnormality (ACA) with the exception of monosomy 7 or del (7q) . Treatment response and overall survival (OS) were compared between patients who were treated with LEN and traditional non-LEN drugs. Results: Of 77 patients, 64 were isolated del (5q) and 13 were del (5q) with ACA. There were significant differences of the median age and percentage of patients who had small megakaryocytes in bone marrow smear by immunohistochemistry (CD41) between the patients with isolated del (5q) and the patients with del (5q) + ACA[58 (29-64) years old vs 63 (31-82) years old, z=2.164, P=0.030; and 91.7%vs 60.0%, P=0.046, respectively]. The overall hematological response rate (78.9%vs 80.0%) , complete hematological remission (CR) rate (57.9% vs 60.0%) , cytogenetic response (CyR) rate[69.2% (9/13) vs 66.7% (4/6) ] and complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) rate [61.5% (8/13) vs 33.3% (2/6) ] of LEN were similar between the patients with isolated del (5q) (n=19) and with del (5q) + ACA (n=10) , as well as the median Overall survival (OS) between these two groups of patients (62 months vs 78 months, P=0.388) . The hematological response rate (79.3% vs 36.0%) , CR rate (58.6% vs 8.0%) , CyR rate [68.4% (13/19) vs 11.1% (1/9) ] and CCyR rate [52.6% (10/19) vs 0 (0/9) ] were higher among patients treated with LEN (n=29) than those treated with non-LEN therapy (n=25) . There was no statistically significant difference in OS between the patients with LEN or non-LEN therapy (78 months vs 62 months, P=0.297) . Conclusion: Comparing del (5q) syndrome patients with isolated del (5q) or with del (5q) + ACA, two groups of patients had similar clinical characteristics, median OS and LEN efficacy. LEN showed better treatment response than traditional drugs in patients with del (5q) syndrome.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Middle Aged , Anemia, Macrocytic , Lenalidomide , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Retrospective Studies , Thalidomide
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 843-847, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012078

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the genetic screening methods for cryptic acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) to further explore its clinical prognosis. Methods: From June 2016 to November 2018, we collected 373 newly diagnosed APL cases. The patients were retrospected by the results of PML-RARα detections both by RT-PCR and i-FISH, those who harbored positive PML-RARα detection by RT-PCR and negative by i-FISH were chosen. Metaphase FISH and Sanger sequencing were further performed to verify these results. Results: A total of 7 cryptic APL cases were discovered. These cases had tiny fragment of RARα inserted into PML in chromosome 15, formed ins (15;17) . The 7 cryptic APL cases had no PML-RARα gene subtype specificity, involving 5 cases in L subtype, 1 case in S subtype and 1 case in V subtype respectively. After the treatment of retinoic acid and arsenic or anthracyclines, 6 cases achieved complete remission, 1 case died of intracranial hemorrhage on the 6th day of therapy. Conclusion: The size and covering position of PML-RARα probe should be taken into account when PML-RARα was performed by FISH on APL patients. Furthermore, combination with Metaphase FISH could improve the recognition of cryptic APL. There were no differences between the cryptic and common APL patients in terms of clinical features and treatment choices. Cryptic APL patients also had a good response to the therapy of retinoic acid and arsenic or anthracyclines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , Cytogenetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Retinoic Acid Receptor alpha , Tretinoin
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 288-293, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011977

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the application values of immunophenotypic analysis and molecular genetics in the diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) . Methods: The retrospective analyses of flow cytometric (FCM) immunophenotypic anyalysis, chromosome karyotype and chromosome fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of 798 outpatient or hospitalization APL patients referred to our hospital between May 2012 and December 2017 were performed to further study the application values of FCM and molecular genetics in the diagnosis of APL. Results: The sensitivity and specificity of FCM were 91.9% and 98.7% respectively. The typical characteristic immunophenotype for APL was as of follows: a high SSC, absence of expression of cluster differntiation (CD) CD34 and HLA-DR, and expression or stronger expression of CD33, consistent expression of CD13, CD9, CD123, expression of CD56, CD7, CD2 (sometimes) . The rest 10% of the cases harbored atypical APL phenotypes, generally accompanied by CD34 and/or HLA-DR expression, decreased SSC and often accompanied by CD2 expression, it was difficult to definitively diagnose APL by this FCM phenotype, and their diagnoses depended on the results of genetics or molecular biology tests. Compared with normal individuals, complex karyotypes APL with t (15;17) translocation, other variant translocations and variant t (11;17) , t (5;17) had no significant differences in terms of their FCM phenotypes. Conclusions: FCM could rapidly and effectively diagnose APL. Despite the fact that complex karyotypes with various additional chromosomal abnormalities were detected in approximately one third of APL cases in addition to the pathognomonic t (15;17) (q22;q21) , they had no observable impact on the overall immunophenotype. Molecular and genetic criteria were the golden criteria for the diagnosis of APL. About 10% of immunophenotyping cases relied on molecular genetics for diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Flow Cytometry , Immunophenotyping , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2758-2763, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687388

ABSTRACT

The expression of fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) recombinant fusion protein in Carthamus tinctorius was used to identify its effect on hair regrowth and wound repair system in mice, providing a basis for C. tinctorius as a plant bioreactor, and establishing a foundation for commercial applications of FGF9 fusion protein in hair regrowth and wound repair. The identified pOTBar-oleosin-rhFGF9 plasmid was transformed into Agrobacterium tumefaciens EHA105 by freeze-thaw method, and the oleosin-rhFGF9 gene was transformed into safflower leaves by A. tumefaciens mediated method. Transgenic safflower seedlings were then obtained by tissue culture. After basta screening, transgenic T₃ safflower seeds were obtained by grafting method, PCR verification and propagation. The expression of oleosin-rhFGF9 was detected by Western blot, and the content of oleosin-rhFGF9 fusion protein was 0.09% by using ELISA quantitative method. It was observed that 60 μg·L⁻¹ transgenic safflower oil had better effect on promoting NIH/3T3 cells proliferation in a certain dose-dependent manner. Sixty C57BL/6 mice were used to establish alopecia model and wound model respectively, and then were randomly divided into control group (treated with PBS or saline), negative group (treated with wild type safflower seed oil bodies, 60 g·L⁻¹), positive group (treated with FGF9, 0.054 g·L⁻¹), low dose group (treated with transgenic safflower oil bodies, 10 g·L⁻¹) and high dose group (treated with transgenic safflower oil bodies, 60 g·L⁻¹). The skin of all above-mentioned mice models were coated with soft adhesive manner every other day, 100 μL/time. After 15 days, the mice skin was cut and embedded for histological analysis. The hair regrowth experimental results showed that the hair of mice grew well, and the mice in high dose group had bushy hair, with significant effect on regeneration hair number as compared with the positive group. The healing was obvious in wound experiment, with significant healing effect in positive group, high dose group and low dose group as compared to blank control group. Furthermore, high dose group remarkably showed a better and higher healing effect than the positive group at day 5. Oleosin-rhFGF9 was successfully transformed into safflower, and T₃ transgenic safflower oil bodies expressed oleosin-rhFGF9 fusion protein were obtained, with the role of promoting hair regeneration and wound repair in mice.

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