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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928308

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Osteosarcoma(OS) and Ewing's sarcoma (EWS) are the two most common primary malignant bone tumors in children. The aim of the study was to identify key genes in OS and EWS and investigate their potential pathways.@*METHODS@#Expression profiling (GSE16088 and GSE45544) were obtained from GEO DataSets. Differentially expressed genes were identified using GEO2R and key genes involved in the occurrence of both OS and EWS were selected using venn diagram. Gene ontology and pathway enrichment analyses were performed for the ensembl. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks were established by STRING. Further, UCSC was used to predict the transcription factors of the cell division cycke 5-like(CDC5L) gene, and GEPIA was used to analyze the correlation between the transcription factors and the CDC5L gene.@*RESULTS@#The results showed that CDC5L gene was the key gene involved in the pathogenesis of OS and EWS. The gene is mainly involved in mitosis, and is related to RNA metabolism, processing of capped intron-containing pre-mRNA, mRNA and pre-mRNA splicing.@*CONCLUSION@#CDC5L, as a key gene, plays a role in development of OS and EWS, which may be reliable targets for diagnosis and treatment of these primary malignant tumors.


Subject(s)
Bone Neoplasms/pathology , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Child , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Osteosarcoma/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Sarcoma, Ewing/genetics
2.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 681-693, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901592

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Heart failure (HF) poses substantial economic burden, primarily driven by high hospitalization and mortality rates. This study aimed to understand the economic burden of HF in 4 Asian countries under varying healthcare systems. @*Methods@#This was a non-interventional, retrospective study conducted in South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and Malaysia through medical chart review. Eligible patients included those who had either ≥1 hospitalization or ≥2 outpatient visits from January 1st to December 31st, 2014, and at least one year of follow-up. Resource use and direct healthcare costs (adjusted to 2015 USD) of HF were assessed. HF costs for subgroups stratified by age and sex were assessed. @*Results@#A total of 568 patients were recruited from South Korea (n=200), Taiwan (n=200), Thailand (n=100) and Malaysia (n=68). The proportion of patients hospitalized ranged from 20.0% to 93.5% (South Korea 20.0%, Thailand 49.0%, Malaysia 70.6%, and Taiwan 93.5%).The overall annual HF cost per patient was $2,357, $4,513, $3,513 and $1,443 in South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, and Malaysia, respectively; hospitalized HF care costs were $10,714, $4,790, $7,181 and $1,776, respectively. The length of stay was more than 12.2 days except in Malaysia. No specific trend was observed in subgroup analysis. @*Conclusions@#In Asia, HF poses significant economic burden and hospitalization has emerged as the major cost driver among healthcare costs. A streamlined treatment strategy reducing hospitalization rate can minimize the economic burden.

3.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 681-693, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893888

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Heart failure (HF) poses substantial economic burden, primarily driven by high hospitalization and mortality rates. This study aimed to understand the economic burden of HF in 4 Asian countries under varying healthcare systems. @*Methods@#This was a non-interventional, retrospective study conducted in South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and Malaysia through medical chart review. Eligible patients included those who had either ≥1 hospitalization or ≥2 outpatient visits from January 1st to December 31st, 2014, and at least one year of follow-up. Resource use and direct healthcare costs (adjusted to 2015 USD) of HF were assessed. HF costs for subgroups stratified by age and sex were assessed. @*Results@#A total of 568 patients were recruited from South Korea (n=200), Taiwan (n=200), Thailand (n=100) and Malaysia (n=68). The proportion of patients hospitalized ranged from 20.0% to 93.5% (South Korea 20.0%, Thailand 49.0%, Malaysia 70.6%, and Taiwan 93.5%).The overall annual HF cost per patient was $2,357, $4,513, $3,513 and $1,443 in South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, and Malaysia, respectively; hospitalized HF care costs were $10,714, $4,790, $7,181 and $1,776, respectively. The length of stay was more than 12.2 days except in Malaysia. No specific trend was observed in subgroup analysis. @*Conclusions@#In Asia, HF poses significant economic burden and hospitalization has emerged as the major cost driver among healthcare costs. A streamlined treatment strategy reducing hospitalization rate can minimize the economic burden.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical features and genetic basis of two children with glycogen storage disease type III (GSD III).@*METHODS@#The probands and their parents were subjected to genetic testing, and the pathogenity of candidate variants was analyzed by using bioinformatic tools.@*RESULTS@#Sequencing has identified compound heterozygous variants of the AGL gene in both children, namely c.1423+1G>A and c.3701-2A>G in case 1, and c.4213_c.4214insA (p.Glu1405Glufs*17) and c.3589-3C>G in case 2. Both children were diagnosed with GSD III. Literature review suggested that the main type variant among Chinese patients with GSD III involve splice sites of the AGL gene, with c.1735+1G>T being the most common. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines,c.1423+1G>A, c.3701-2A>G and c.4213_c.4214insA variants of AGL gene were predicted to be of pathogenic (PVS1+PM2+PM3, PVS1+PM2+PM3, PVS1+PM2+PP5), and c.3589-3C>G variant was predicted to be of uncertain significance (PM2+PM3+PP3).@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous variants of the AGL gene probably underlay the GSD III in both children. Above findings have enriched the spectrum of genetic variants underlying this disease.


Subject(s)
Child , Genetic Testing , Genomics , Glycogen Storage Disease Type III/genetics , Humans , Mutation
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2700-2709, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921204

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There is limited information about thymosin α1 (Tα1) as adjuvant immunomodulatory therapy, either used alone or combined with other treatments, in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aimed to evaluate the effect of adjuvant Tα1 treatment on long-term survival in margin-free (R0)-resected stage IA-IIIA NSCLC patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 5746 patients with pathologic stage IA-IIIA NSCLC who underwent R0 resection were included. The patients were divided into the Tα1 group and the control group according to whether they received Tα1 or not. A propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed to reduce bias, resulting in 1027 pairs of patients.@*RESULTS@#After PSM, the baseline clinicopathological characteristics were similar between the two groups. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were significantly higher in the Tα1 group compared with the control group. The multivariable analysis showed that Tα1 treatment was independently associated with an improved prognosis. A longer duration of Tα1 treatment was associated with improved OS and DFS. The subgroup analyses showed that Tα1 therapy could improve the DFS and/or OS in all subgroups of age, sex, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), smoking status, and pathological tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, especially for patients with non-squamous cell NSCLC and without targeted therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#Tα1 as adjuvant immunomodulatory therapy can significantly improve DFS and OS in patients with NSCLC after R0 resection, except for patients with squamous cell carcinoma and those receiving targeted therapy. The duration of Tα1 treatment is recommended to be >24 months.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Humans , Immunomodulation , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Staging , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Thymalfasin
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1365-1368, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888568

ABSTRACT

Bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) is one of the most important members in the bromodomain and extra terminal domain(BET) family, it plays an important role in cellular physiology in human body, such as cell cycles, cell proliferation, and immune response. Recent studies have shown that BRD4 is associated with occurrence and development of acute myeloblastic leukemia, multiple myeloma and lymphoma. The mechanisms of BRD4 in hematologic malignancies including the regulation of c-Myc expression, and participation of the composition of super-enhancer, etc. At present, many kinds of inhibitors have been developed to target inhibit BRD4 for therapy in hematologic malignancies, and some of BRD4 inhibitors have entered phase Ⅱ clinical trials, which suggested that BRD4 inhibitors are expected to become new therapeutic agents for hematologic malignancies. In this review, the research advance of BRD4 and BRD4 inhibitors in hematologic malignancies was summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Hematologic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Humans , Nuclear Proteins , Protein Domains , Transcription Factors
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 841-848, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876518

ABSTRACT

The poor stability of the ligustilide (LIG) makes its quantitation in Angelica sinensis (AS) difficult. This study establishes a chemical conversion method for the determination of ligustilide content in AS and proposes a national pharmacopoeia standard. Mechanical agitation and sonication of a powdered AS extract in a methanol/cyprolamine mixture facilitated the stabilization and transformation of ligustilide. Using an external reference HPLC-DAD method, the cyclopropyl-ligustilide (LIGc) content in the mixture could be determined. The content of ligustilide was greater than 1.0% based on 144 AS specimens including 68 obtained from the originally planted areas of Qinghai and Gansu Province; 55 specimens were obtained from Minxian and Weiyuan County medicine markets, and 21 specimens for which the storage period reached or exceeded 1.5 years. According to the Hong Kong Chinese materis medica standards, the content of ligustilide in AS should not be lower than 0.6%. The developed method could also be applied to the quality control of other Chinese medicinal materials (such as Ligusticum chuanxiong) or Chinese patent medicines in which ligustilide is the main component.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872852

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a research platform for obtaining accurate phenotypic spectrum data is a technical difficulty that needs to be resolved in the research of traditional Chinese medicine resources. For example,the traditional phenotypic characterization method of Armillaria rhizomorph is mostly in a form of descriptive text,which is subjective and empirical. There is an urgent need for an objective and accurate method to characterize the phenotype of honey fungus rhizomorph. Method:Based on the image processing software Image J and the root identification plug-in SmartRoot combined with the Synbiosis ProtoCol 3 image analyzer,the growth picture of Armillaria spp. was analyzed,and the length,growth rate,branching situation,and angle of nascent rhizomorph of Armillaria gallica were measured to establish a measurement system for the phenotypic analysis of Armillaria rhizomorph. Result:Based on the method developed in this paper,the growth length,growth rate,number of branches,angle of nascent rhizomorph,and other phenotypic changes can be analyzed in a real-time manner without affecting the growth of Armillaria gallica. Armillaria spp. grew fastest at 9-12 days after generation,and the angle between the nascent rhizomorph and the parent rhizomorph was nearly vertical. This method had a certain correlation with the dry weight of traditional Armillaria biomass phenotypic parameters,with a high value in practical application. Conclusion:This study has established an objective,accurate,fast and real-time phenotypic analysis and measurement system for Armillaria rhizomorph,which expands the scope of application of SmartRoot and can be used for phenotypic analysis of traditional Chinese medicine resources under controlled experimental conditions.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872836

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a systematic identification system of Anemonis Flaccidae Rhizoma, and to evaluate the comprehensive quality of Anemonis Flaccidae Rhizoma from 16 regions in China, so as to lay a foundation for its origin selection and clinical medication safety. Method:The authenticity of Anemonis Flaccidae Rhizoma was quickly identified by traditional identification method and DNA barcode molecular identification technology, and HPLC-UV was used to determine the contents of 5 active ingredients in Anemonis Flaccidae Rhizoma. All high pressure chromatographic separations were performed with a Welch Ultimate XB-C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), the mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.01% trifluoroacetic acid aqueous solution (30∶70) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm and the column temperature was maintained at 30 ℃. Result:The authenticity of Anemonis Flaccidae Rhizoma could be precisely and rapidly identified by ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) sequence and traditional identification methods. BLAST comparative analysis found that medicinal materials from 16 areas were all Anemone flaccida. Based on the contents of multi-index components, it was shown that the total content of 5 triterpenoid saponins in Anemonis Flaccidae Rhizoma from Banqiao, Enshi, Hubei was the highest (10.59%), followed by Hezhang, Bijie, Guizhou (6.28%) and Duzhenwan, Changyang, Hubei (5.64%). Conclusion:DNA barcoding can be used as an effective supplement to the traditional identification technology, it can ensure the authenticity of Anemonis Flaccidae Rhizoma and the safety of clinical use. The comprehensive evaluation of multi-index components of HPLC and cluster analysis show that the quality of medicinal materials in Enshi, Changyang, Wufeng of Hubei, Bijie of Guizhou and Jinfoshan of Chongqing is superior, which can be considered as important origin of Anemonis Flaccidae Rhizoma.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 41-45, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869589

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate efficacy and safety of retrograde intrarenal stone surgery for treatment of upper urinary calculi.Methods The clinical data of 640 patients with upper urinary tract calculi treated by retrograde intrarenal stone surgery (RIRS) in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from April 2016 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 424 males and 216 females.The awerage age was (46.2 ± 12.8) years old,ranging 18 to 76 years old.The maximum diameter of the stone is (1.4 ±0.7) cm,ranging 0.6-3.2 cm.There were 126 cases with inferior calculi and 514 cases with non-lurgical calculi.There were 196 cases with unilateral ureteral calculi,118 unilateral ureteral calculi cases with renal calculi,236 cases with unilateral renal stones,and 90 cases with double kidney stones.104 cases were placed with double J tube before operation and 496 cases were not placed before operation.There were 8 cases of horseshoe kidney,30 cases of isolated kidney with renal insufficiency,4 cases of pelvic ectopic kidney with dysplasia,6 cases of congenital ureteral malformation and 2 cases of sponge kidney.Preoperative average hemoglobin was (133.2 + 5.6) g/L,ranging 126-188 g/L.And average serum creatinine was (84.4 + 12.2) μmol/L,ranging 74-242μmol/L before operation.All patients were treated with general anesthesia under the lithotomy position.The ureteroscopy combined with holmium laser lithotripsy was performed.The 200tμm fiber was used,which the parameters were set as 12-45 W(0.5-1.5 J/10-30 Hz).The stone baskets were used to take stones according to actual conditions.The operation was performed by doctors of the same qualifications.Results All patients underwent successful operation.The mean operation time was (45.6 + 14.6) min.The average postoperative hospitalization was (4.8 ± 1.5) d.The postoperative serious complication rate was 0.9%,including(2 cases of sepsis and 1 case of subcapsular hematoma.Of the 640 patients,596 were admitted to the hospital for a double J tube and 44 were lost of follow-up.552 patients met the stone removal criteria,44 patients did not meet the stone removal criteria for other treatments,such as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy,ureteroscopy or observed regularly.The stone-free rate (SFR) was 92.6% (552/596) after 1-3 months.On the first postoperative day,serum creatinine was (76.0 ±10.6) (58-156) μmol/L,and postoperative hemoglobin was (126.4 ±9.6) (120-176) g/L.There was no significant difference in preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin (t =2.02,P =0.064).Preoperative and postoperative creatinine (t =64.76,P < 0.05) was statistically significant.Meanwhile,the stone size (x2 =29.569,P < 0.05) and position (x2 =44.949,P < 0.05) versus SFR the impact was statistically significant.Multivariate regression analysis showed that stone size was not an independent risk factor for stone clearance (P =0.639).The stone position was an independent risk factor for stone clearance (P =0.013).Conclusions RIRS is a reliable treatment for small and medium calculi patients of the upper urinary tract.The curative effect of stone removal is clear,the complications are few,the safety is high.However,there are certain limitations to the efficacy in the treatment of large stones and lower calculi.Lower calculi is the independent risk factor for the treatment of efficacy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 569-572, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of ultrasound-guided obturator nerve block combined with general anesthesia in transurethral resection of bladder tumors(TURBT)for the elderly.Methods:A total of 84 elderly bladder tumor patients were randomly selected from those admitted to our hospital from November 2017 to August 2019, and were divided into the observation group(n=43)and the control group(n=41)according to whether obturator nerve block was performed.Patients in the observation group were given general anesthesia combined with ultrasound-guided obturator nerve block, and those in the control group were given general anesthesia alone.The surgical conditions, postoperative complications, and rates of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.Results:Patients in the observation group had a significantly shorter duration of operation, shorter indwelling urinary catheter use, fewer days stayed in hospital and less intraoperative blood loss, compared with the control group(all P<0.05). Besides, the incidence of obturator nerve injury in the observation group was also significantly lower than in the control group(4.65% vs.19.51%, χ2=4.420, P=0.036). There were 2 cases of bladder hemorrhage and 1 case of bladder perforation in the control group, but no case of bladder hemorrhage or bladder perforation occurred in the observation group.A total of 2 cases of tachycardia, 2 cases of nausea and vomiting, and 1 case of hypotension were seen in the control group; and 3 cases of tachycardia, 1 case of nausea and vomiting, and 2 cases of hypotension occurred in the observation group.The total incidence of adverse reactions was similar between the two groups(12.16% vs.13.95%, χ2=0.057, P=0.811). Conclusions:The use of ultrasound-guided obturator nerve block combined with general anesthesia in TURBT surgery can effectively enhance the inhibitive effect on obturator nerve reflex, and reduce the risk of obturator nerve injury during surgery.Therefore, it can ensure smooth operation of the surgery and has a very positive effect on promoting successful postoperative rehabilitation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862465

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of flipped classroom teaching in medical research design class with more than 50 undergraduate. Methods Using randomized parallel-control study, two classes were chosen for this study:flipped classroom teaching group (i.e.FC group) and traditional teaching group (i.e.control group).Except for different teaching modes, all the other conditions of these two groups remained the same, including learning materials, network reference materials and teaching equipment. Results The FC group had 52 students and the control group had 69 students.After teaching, the final test score on study design in FC group was 11.53 higher (95%CI:4.75-18.32, t=3.37, P=0.001).However, there was no statistically significant difference between the test scores of other medical statistic teaching units (t=0.223, P=0.824). Conclusion FC teaching can be used in large class (more than 50 students) in medical undergraduate education.For flipped classroom teaching with large number of students, teachers should strengthen the arrangement of students′ self-study before class, organize effective team discussion, and make full use of new technologies to support teaching.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 41-45, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798861

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate efficacy and safety of retrograde intrarenal stone surgery for treatment of upper urinary calculi.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 640 patients with upper urinary tract calculi treated by retrograde intrarenal stone surgery (RIRS) in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from April 2016 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 424 males and 216 females. The awerage age was (46.2±12.8) years old, ranging 18 to 76 years old. The maximum diameter of the stone is (1.4±0.7) cm, ranging 0.6-3.2 cm. There were 126 cases with inferior calculi and 514 cases with non-lurgical calculi. There were 196 cases with unilateral ureteral calculi, 118 unilateral ureteral calculi cases with renal calculi, 236 cases with unilateral renal stones, and 90 cases with double kidney stones. 104 cases were placed with double J tube before operation and 496 cases were not placed before operation. There were 8 cases of horseshoe kidney, 30 cases of isolated kidney with renal insufficiency, 4 cases of pelvic ectopic kidney with dysplasia, 6 cases of congenital ureteral malformation and 2 cases of sponge kidney. Preoperative average hemoglobin was (133.2±5.6)g/L, ranging 126-188 g/L.And average serum creatinine was (84.4±12.2)μmol/L, ranging 74-242μmol/L before operation. All patients were treated with general anesthesia under the lithotomy position. The ureteroscopy combined with holmium laser lithotripsy was performed.The 200μm fiber was used, which the parameters were set as 12-45 W(0.5-1.5 J/10-30 Hz). The stone baskets were used to take stones according to actual conditions. The operation was performed by doctors of the same qualifications.@*Results@#All patients underwent successful operation. The mean operation time was (45.6±14.6)min. The average postoperative hospitalization was (4.8±1.5)d. The postoperative serious complication rate was 0.9%, including(2 cases of sepsis and 1 case of subcapsular hematoma. Of the 640 patients, 596 were admitted to the hospital for a double J tube and 44 were lost of follow-up. 552 patients met the stone removal criteria, 44 patients did not meet the stone removal criteria for other treatments, such as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, ureteroscopy or observed regularly. The stone-free rate (SFR) was 92.6% (552/596) after 1-3 months. On the first postoperative day, serum creatinine was (76.0±10.6)(58-156) μmol/L, and postoperative hemoglobin was (126.4±9. 6)(120-176) g/L. There was no significant difference in preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin (t=2.02, P=0.064). Preoperative and postoperative creatinine (t=64.76, P<0.05) was statistically significant. Meanwhile, the stone size (χ2=29.569, P<0.05) and position (χ2=44.949, P<0.05) versus SFR the impact was statistically significant. Multivariate regression analysis showed that stone size was not an independent risk factor for stone clearance (P=0.639). The stone position was an independent risk factor for stone clearance (P=0.013).@*Conclusions@#RIRS is a reliable treatment for small and medium calculi patients of the upper urinary tract. The curative effect of stone removal is clear, the complications are few, the safety is high. However, there are certain limitations to the efficacy in the treatment of large stones and lower calculi. Lower calculi is the independent risk factor for the treatment of efficacy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880401

ABSTRACT

Flash radiotherapy is a kind of radiotherapy method using ultra-high dose rate radiation. Compared with the traditional dose rate radiotherapy, it has unique radiobiological advantages. In this paper, the principle of flash radiotherapy, the process and results of biological experiments are summarized. At the same time, the advantages and challenges of flash radiotherapy are analyzed, and the future clinical application is prospected.


Subject(s)
Radiotherapy/methods , Radiotherapy Dosage , Technology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905438

ABSTRACT

Brain plasticity is adaptability of brain to environment and experience in neural structure and function. Physical activity, such as aerobic exercise, resistance exercise, balance, and Taiji Quan, etc., can improve brain plasticity, involved various brain regions, and the mechanisms of neuronal and molecular pathways.

16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 646-651, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818297

ABSTRACT

Parkinson′s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. The clinical manifestations of PD include motor and non-motor symptoms. There are around 5 millions PD patients in China, accounting for half of the total PD cases in the world. The mechanisms underlying PD pathogenesis remain to be elucidated, but it is widely accepted that abnormal protein aggregation, mitochondria dysfunction, and oxidative stress are the key causative factors of PD. The regular treatment for PD includes medication of which L-dopa is the most commonly prescribed, surgical treatment, and physiotherapy. In recent year, with the progress in biotechnology and understanding of mechanisms underlying PD, novel therapeutics such as cell replacement, gene therapy, deep brain stimulation emerge, which substantially benefit the treatment of PD. In present review, based on the molecular mechanisms underlying PD pathogenesis, we summarized and discussed current therapeutic strategy on PD.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856534

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of arthroscopic GraftLink technique reconstruction combined with suture anchor fixation in treatment of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture and medial collateral ligament (MCL) grade Ⅲ injury. Methods: Between June 2015 and February 2018, 28 patients with ACL rupture and MCL grade Ⅲ injury were treated. Arthroscopic GraftLink technique was used to reconstruct ACL with autologous peroneus longus tendon (PLT), and suture anchor fixation was used to repair MCL. There were 22 males and 6 females, aged 21-47 years, with an average age of 30.4 years. The cause of injury included traffic accident in 18 cases, falling from height in 7 cases, and sports injury in 3 cases. The time from injury to admission was 1-2 weeks, with an average of 1.3 weeks. The preoperative Lysholm score of knee joint was 46.8±3.0 and the International Knee Documentation Commission (IKDC) score was 49.2±2.7. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score of ankle joint was 98.29±0.72. Both Lachman test and valgus stress test were positive. There were 8 cases of meniscus injury and 2 cases of cartilage injury. Results: The operation time ranged from 55 to 90 minutes, with an average of 72.5 minutes. All incisions healed by first intention after operation, and no complications related to operation occurred. All patients were followed up 6-38 months, with an average of 20.7 months. At 3 months after operation, the range of motion of the knee joint was 116- 132°, with an average of 122°. Lachman test showed that the anterior translation more than 5 mm in 2 cases, and the others were negative; while the valgus stress test showed that all patients were positive. At 6 months after operation, the Lysholm score and IKDC score of knee joint were 90.2±1.8 and 93.5±2.3, respectively, which were significantly higher than preoperative scores ( t=31.60, P=0.00; t=29.91, P=0.01); AOFAS score of ankle joint was 97.86±0.68, with no significant difference compared with preoperative score ( t=2.89, P=0.08). KT-1000 test showed that the difference of anterior relaxation between bilateral knee joints was less than 2 mm in 25 cases and 3 to 5 mm in 3 cases. Conclusion: The method of ACL reconstruction via arthroscopic GraftLink technique with PLT and MCL repair via suture anchor fixation has the advantages of less knee injury and faster recovery, and there is no significant impact on ankle function after tendon removal.

18.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 578-581, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745562

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of perioperative management in elderly hemorrhoids patients undergoing procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids(PPH).Methods A total of 128 elderly patients treated with PPH in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing University from February 2018 to January 2019 were enrolled and randomly divided into the routine group(n=64)and the intervention group(n=64).The routine group underwent routine postoperative management,and the intervention group received intervention postoperative management as add-on to routine postoperative management.Clinical efficacy was compared between the two groups.Results The frequency of constipation and hematoehezia was less and the hospitalization days were shorter in the intervention group than in the routine group(0.8 ± 0.6 times/d vs.1.2 ± 0.4 times/d,1.3 ± 0.8 times/d vs.2.0± 1.0 times/d,4.9± 1.1 days vs.7.4± 1.3 days,t =4.438,4.372 and 11.744 respectively,all P =0.000).The scores of visual analog scale(VAS) and geriatric depression scale (GDS) had no significant difference between the intervention and routine groups (5.0 ± 1.6 scores vs.5.2 ± 1.3 scores for VAS;22.2± 2.9 scores vs.22.5 ± 2.6 scores for GDS,t =0.776 and 0.616,P =0.220 and 0.269)before intervention,and had significant difference between the intervention and routine groups[2.7 ± 0.7 scores vs.3.2 ± 1.1 scores for VAS;17.2 ± 1.8 scores vs.19.0 ± 2.2 scores for GDS(t =3.068 and 5.066,P=0.001 and 0.000)]after intervention.The scores of quality of life,including physiological function,emotional function,social function,mental health and health status,were higher in the intervention group than in the routine group (all P < 0.05).Conclusions Intervention perioperative management is effective in elderly hemorrhoids patients undergoing procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids,It can not only effectively improve clinical symptoms and shorten treatment time,but also alleviate pain and improve prognosis and quality of life.

19.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 400-403, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745529

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Dexmedetomidine on postoperative impairment of cognitive function in elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgery under wireless analgesia.Methods Eighty elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgery in our hospital from May 2017 to April 2018 were randomly divided into the S group(n=40)receiving Sufentanil under wireless analgesia,and the DS group receiving Dexmedetomidine as add-on to the therapy for S group.The mini-mental state examination(MMSE) score,postoperative pain degree,and serum levels of interleukin(IL)-1,IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α,as well as adverse reactions were compared between the two groups,preoperatively and postoperatively.Results MMSE score was higher in the DS group than in the S group at 1 and 3 days after operation[(26.85±1.20)vs.(26.33±1.33),(26.65± 1.16)vs.(26.00± 1.29),t =1.795 and 2.370,P =0.038 and 0.010].Pain visual analog scale(VAS)score was lower in the DS group than in the S group at 6 and 12 hours after operation[(4.32±0.64)vs.(4.65±0.77),(4.01±0.45)vs.(4.23±0.59),t=2.138 and 1.875,P=0.018 and 0.032,respectively].At 1 and 3 days after operation,IL-1,IL-6 and TNF-α levels were higher in SD group than in S group (P < 0.05).But,at 5 and 7 days after operation,there was no significant difference in the expression levels of IL-1,IL-6 and TNF between the two groups (P >0.05).The incidence of nausea was lower in DS group than in S group(2.5% vs.15.0%,x2 =3.914,P=0.048),while the incidence of bradycardia was higher in the DS group than in the S group(17.5% vs.2.5 %,x2 =5.000,P =0.025).Conclusions Dexmedetomidine not only effectively alleviates the postoperative pain and improves cognitive function in elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic management under wireless analgesia,but also reduces postoperative inflammatory levels.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710232

ABSTRACT

AIM To determine the quality constant of Chinese medicine and to establish a method of grades evaluation of Cortex Moutan decoction pieces.METHODS Cortex Moutan decoction pieces' morphological indexes should be observed and measured,the contents of phenol and paeoniflorin were measured by HPLC.Cortex Moutan decoction pieces was graded according to the quality constant of Chinese medicine which was calculated.RESULTS Cortex Moutan decoction pieces could be divided into three grades by the quality constant of Chinese medicine,the cutoff point of the firsts was greater than or equal to 1.56;the second was greater than or equal to 1.12 but less than 1.56;while the third was less than 1.12.CONCLUSION This method combines the apparent parameters of Cortex Moutan decoction pieces with its intrinsic quality,which can devide grades of it objectively and provides a reference for its classification.

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