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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893732

ABSTRACT

Background@#The H5 avian influenza viruses (AIVs) of clade 2.3.4.4 circulate in wild and domestic birds worldwide. In 2017, nine strains of H5N6 AIVs were isolated from aquatic poultry in Xinjiang, Northwest China. @*Objectives@#This study aimed to analyze the origin, reassortment, and mutations of the AIV isolates. @*Methods@#AIVs were isolated from oropharyngeal and cloacal swabs of poultry. Identification was accomplished by inoculating isolates into embryonated chicken eggs and performing hemagglutination tests and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The viral genomes were amplified with RT-PCR and then sequenced. The sequence alignment, phylogenetic, and molecular characteristic analyses were performed by using bioinformatic software. @*Results@#Nine isolates originated from the same ancestor. The viral HA gene belonged to clade 2.3.4.4B, while the NA gene had a close phylogenetic relationship with the 2.3.4.4C H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) isolated from shoveler ducks in Ningxia in 2015. The NP gene was grouped into an independent subcluster within the 2.3.4.4B H5N8 AIVs, and the remaining six genes all had close phylogenetic relationships with the 2.3.4.4B H5N8 HPAIVs isolated from the wild birds in China, Egypt, Uganda, Cameroon, and India in 2016–2017, Multiple basic amino acid residues associated with HPAIVs were located adjacent to the cleavage site of the HA protein. The nine isolates comprised reassortant 2.3.4.4B HPAIVs originating from 2.3.4.4B H5N8 and 2.3.4.4C H5N6 viruses in wild birds. @*Conclusions@#These results suggest that the Northern Tianshan Mountain wetlands in Xinjiang may have a key role in AIVs disseminating from Central China to the Eurasian continent and East African.

2.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 557-577, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888707

ABSTRACT

Additional sex combs-like 1 (ASXL1) interacts with BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) deubiquitinase to oppose the polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1)-mediated histone H2A ubiquitylation. Germline BAP1 mutations are found in a spectrum of human malignancies, while ASXL1 mutations recurrently occur in myeloid neoplasm and are associated with poor prognosis. Nearly all ASXL1 mutations are heterozygous frameshift or nonsense mutations in the middle or to a less extent the C-terminal region, resulting in the production of C-terminally truncated mutant ASXL1 proteins. How ASXL1 regulates specific target genes and how the C-terminal truncation of ASXL1 promotes leukemogenesis are unclear. Here, we report that ASXL1 interacts with forkhead transcription factors FOXK1 and FOXK2 to regulate a subset of FOXK1/K2 target genes. We show that the C-terminally truncated mutant ASXL1 proteins are expressed at much higher levels than the wild-type protein in ASXL1 heterozygous leukemia cells, and lose the ability to interact with FOXK1/K2. Specific deletion of the mutant allele eliminates the expression of C-terminally truncated ASXL1 and increases the association of wild-type ASXL1 with BAP1, thereby restoring the expression of BAP1-ASXL1-FOXK1/K2 target genes, particularly those involved in glucose metabolism, oxygen sensing, and JAK-STAT3 signaling pathways. In addition to FOXK1/K2, we also identify other DNA-binding transcription regulators including transcription factors (TFs) which interact with wild-type ASXL1, but not C-terminally truncated mutant. Our results suggest that ASXL1 mutations result in neomorphic alleles that contribute to leukemogenesis at least in part through dominantly inhibiting the wild-type ASXL1 from interacting with BAP1 and thereby impairing the function of ASXL1-BAP1-TF in regulating target genes and leukemia cell growth.

3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 527-531, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888446

ABSTRACT

We aimed to explore the associations between the age at which children undergo surgery for hypospadias and a range of social and clinical factors in a single center. Our aim was to promote the early surgical treatment of children with hypospadias. For a 6-year period, social and clinical data were collected from all children undergoing surgery to repair hypospadias in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University (Chongqing, China), located in southwest of China. We analyzed the correlations between age at surgery and a range of social and clinical factors. A total of 1611 eligible cases were recruited, with a mean age of 54.3 months and a median age of 42 months: 234 cases (14.5%) were classified into a "timely operation" group, 419 (26.0%) cases into a "subtimely operation" group, and 958 (59.5%) cases into a "delayed operation" group. According to multivariate regression analyses, the higher the regional economic level, the closer the urethral opening to the perineum, and the higher the educational level of the guardians was, the younger the children were when they underwent the initial surgery for hypospadias; this was also the case for families without other children. Our subgroup analysis showed that the primary educational level of the guardians was a risk factor for subtimely surgery in their children (odds ratio [OR] = 1.52, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08-2.15, P < 0.05). A lower regional economic level (OR = 1.87, 95% CI: 1.26-2.78, P < 0.01), a lower educational level of the guardians (OR = 3.84, 95% CI: 2.31-6.41, P < 0.01), and an anterior-segment urethral opening (OR

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2214-2222, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887598

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Accumulating evidence suggests that lithium influences mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. As decreased bone formation in femoral heads is induced by glucocorticoids (GCs), we hypothesized that lithium has a protective effect on GC-induced osteonecrosis of femoral heads (ONFH).@*METHODS@#A rat ONFH model was induced by methylprednisolone (MP) and the effect of lithium chloride on the models was evaluated. Micro-computed tomography (CT)-based angiography and bone scanning were performed to analyze the vessels and bone structure in the femoral heads. Hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemical staining were performed to evaluate the trabecular structure and osteocalcin (OCN) expression, respectively. Bone marrow-derived MSCs were isolated from the models, and their proliferative and osteogenic ability was evaluated. Western blotting and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were performed to detect osteogenic-related proteins including Runx2, alkaline phosphatase, and Collagen I.@*RESULTS@#Micro-CT analysis showed a high degree of osteonecrotic changes in the rats that received only MP injection. Treatment with lithium reduced this significantly in rats that received lithium (MP + Li group); while 18/20 of the femoral heads in the MP showed severe osteonecrosis, only 5/20 in the MP + Li showed mild osteonecrotic changes. The MP + Li group also displayed a higher vessel volume than the MP group (0.2193 mm3vs. 0.0811 mm3, P < 0.05), shown by micro-CT-based angiography. Furthermore, histological analysis showed better trabecular structures and more OCN expression in the femoral heads of the MP + Li group compared with the MP group. The ex vivo investigation indicated higher proliferative and osteogenic ability and upregulated osteogenic-related proteins in MSCs extracted from rats in the MP + Li group than that in the MP group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We concluded that lithium chloride has a significant protective effect on GC-induced ONFH in rats and that lithium also enhances MSC proliferation and osteogenic differentiation in rats after GC administration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Femur Head , Femur Head Necrosis/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids , Lithium Chloride , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , X-Ray Microtomography
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887509

ABSTRACT

By collecting and analyzing the explanation/conception, acupoint name, acupoint location, indications, acupuncture and moxibustion techniques and contraindications of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Meridians , Moxibustion
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1352-1359, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887090

ABSTRACT

The nuclear transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) plays a crucial role in maintaining cellular redox homeostasis. The aberrant NRF2 signaling confers enhanced antioxidant capacity, which is linked to tumor progression and therapeutic resistance. The current study investigates the biological effects and molecular mechanism of tribbles homolog 3 (TRIB3), a stress-induced protein, in regulating cell survival and apoptosis in lung cancer. This study first performed the RNA sequencing data analysis with 576 lung adenocarcinoma patients from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) database. The NRF2- antioxidant response element (ARE) signature was enriched in patients with high TRIB3 expression. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to confirm the effect of TRIB3 on the kelch-like ECH-associated protein-1 (KEAP1)-NRF2 pathway. Abrogation of TRIB3 impaired NRF2 transcriptional activity and reduced the expression of its target genes. Moreover, TRIB3 enhanced NRF2 stability via blocking KEAP1-NRF2 interaction. TRIB3-depletion promoted reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, restrained cell proliferation, and enhanced carboplatin-induced apoptosis. In addition, NRF2 overexpression recovered the tumor inhibition effect of TRIB3-depletion. Consistently, TRIB3 failed to modulate apoptosis in NRF2 depletion cells. In summary, this study shows that TRIB3 inhibits the KEAP1-NRF2 interaction and upregulates the transcriptional activity of NRF2, thereby promoting lung cancer cell proliferation and reducing the sensitivity to chemotherapy. Targeting the TRIB3-NRF2 signal axis may become a new strategy for ROS homeostasis and lung cancer treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885975

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the mechanisms of electroacupuncture (EA) at Zusanli (ST 36), Liangmen (ST 21) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) in intervening diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) based on calcium-activated chloride channel. Methods: Forty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups, including a normal control group (group A), a model group (group B), an EA group (group C) and a metoclopramide group (group D), with 10 rats in each group. A single intraperitoneal injection of 2% streptozotocin (STZ) combined with 8-week high-glucose high-fat diet was used to establish a DGP rat model. After intervention, gastrointestinal propulsive rate was observed; the expression level of transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A) was examined by immunohistochemistry; the Ca2+ concentration in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) was detected by immunofluorescence; and whole-cell patch-clamp technique was applied to detect the current intensity of calcium-activated chloride channel (ICaCC) in ICCs in gastric antrum. Results: After modeling, the blood glucose levels in group B, group C and group D were significantly increased compared with group A (all P<0.01); after intervention, compared with group B, the blood glucose levels in group C and group D were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01); the intra-group comparison of blood glucose level between after modeling and after intervention found significant difference only in group C (P<0.01). The gastrointestinal propulsive rates in group B, group C and group D were significantly different from that in group A (P<0.01 or P<0.05); the gastrointestinal propulsive rates were markedly higher in group C and group D than in group B (P<0.01, P<0.01). The expressions of TMEM16A in group B and group C were decreased compared with group A (P<0.01, P<0.05); the expressions of TMEM16A in group C and group D were increased compared with group B (P<0.01, P<0.05). The fluorescence intensity of Ca2+ was significantly lower in group B than in group A (P<0.01); the fluorescence intensity of Ca2+ was significantly higher in group C and group D than in group B (P<0.01, P<0.05). ICaCC in ICCs in group B was significantly decreased compared with group A; ICaCC in group C and group D were increased compared with group B. Conclusion: EA at Zusanli (ST 36), Liangmen (ST 21) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) can significantly improve gastrointestinal motility in DGP rats by up-regulating the ICaCC in ICCs.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885667

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze phylogenetic structure and molecular characteristics of H5N6 avian influenza virus (AIVs) isolated from live poultry market (LPM).Methods:Oropharyngeal and cloacal swabs from poultry, and environmental samples were collected from LPM in Urumqi in December 2018, AIVs were isolated and identified by inoculation of chicken embryo, hemagglutination test and RT-PCR, the viral whole genome was amplified with the universal primers of influenza A virus, and then sequenced, pairwise sequence alignments, phylogenetic and molecular characteristics analysis were performed by BLAST, Clustal W, MEGA-X and DNAStar software.Results:Six strains of H5N6 AIVs were isolated from poultry samples, the identity between the viral genes was high (99.4%-100.0%), so the isolates were the same source. BLAST analysis revealed that the viral NP sequence had the highest identity (99.7%) with H5N6 AIVs isolated from poultry in Suzhou, while the sequence of the remaining 7 viral genes had the highest identity (99.0%-100.0%) with H5N6 AIVs isolated from environment in Guangdong during 2017 to 2018. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the viral HA belonged to Clade 2.3.4.4C, and the viral HA, NA, PB1, PA, NP, and MP were all clustered together with H5N6 AIVs isolated from mink in Eastern China in 2018, while the PB2 and NS were clustered together with H5N6 AIVs isolated from environment in Guangdong from 2017 to 2018. The HA cleavage site contained multiple basic amino acid residues, which was highly pathogenic AIVs (HPAIVs). S137A and T160A mutations of HA could increase binding to human-type receptor SAα2, 6-Gal. Additionally, the viral multiple mutations, including 59-69 deletion in NA, the L89V, G309D, R477G, I495V, I504V, D391E, and A661E in PB2, as well as the P42S, D92E, and 80-84 deletion in NS1, could enhance the viral virulence and pathogenicity to mammals. Conclusions:The 6 strains of H5N6 HPAIVs isolated from LPM have relatively close genetic relationship with H5N6 AIVs isolated from mink in Eastern China and environment in Guangdong during 2017 to 2018, the viral multiple mutations could increase its pathogenicity to mammals, which could pose a potential risk to public health.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883001

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of short single reverse-α fixation of nasobiliary tube after endoscopic nasobiliary drainage.Methods:From January 2019 to October 2019, the patients who performed with endoscopic nasolbiliary drainage in Tongji University Affiliated Shanghai East Hospital were randomly divided into experimental group (short single reverse-α fixation, 155 cases) and control group (routine reverse-α fixation, 137 cases). The incidences of the fixation time, prolapse rate, nursing time, scores of nasal comfort and bile flow rate of nasobiliary duct were evaluated between the two groups.Results:The average time of nasobiliary duct fixation was (18.31±1.67) s, the prolapse rate was 5.2% (8/155) and the time of nursing was (35.03±2.68) s, which were lower than those of the control group (46.50±5.50) s, 13.9% (19/137) and (72.07±7.63) s. The difference was statistically significant ( t or χ 2 values were 60.795, 6.570, 56.629, P<0.01 or 0.05). The comfort score of the experimental group was (4.61±1.06) points, the bile flow rate was (241.52±53.95) ml/days, which were higher than (5.76±0.76) points and (174.09±47.55) ml/days of the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( t values were 10.448, 11.265, P<0.01). Conclusions:Shortening the length of nasobiliary duct combined with single reaction "α" method has the advantages of simper operation and nursing, low prolapse rate, high comfort and good drainage effect. It is worthy of clinical application.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of mechanical chest compression device in patients with cardiac arrest.Methods:The relevant literatures about mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation and manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation were systematically searched from China Knowledge Network (CNKI), VIP, Wanfang, PubMed, Web of Science and other databases. The effective data were extracted and analyzed by RevMan5.3 software.Results:A total of 20 clinical studies involving 29 727 patients were included, of which 11 104 patients received mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation and 18 623 patients received traditional manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The results of meta-analysis showed that mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation could not effectively improve the restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) rate, admission survival rate, discharge survival rate and neurological prognosis in patients with cardiac arrest compared with manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation. ROSC occurrence rate ( RR=1.10, 95% CI: 0.99-1.23, P<0.01), admission survival rate ( RR=1.01, 95% CI: 0.95-1.08, P=0.67), discharge survival rate ( RR=1.00, 95% CI: 0.86-1.15, P=0.14), and good neurological function rate ( RR=0.81, 95% CI: 0.61-1.06, P=0.69) showed no significant differences between the mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation and manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Conclusions:Mechanical chest compression device has no advantage compared with manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation is not recommended to completely replace manual chest compression in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882069

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the protective effect of active peptide GRGDS on rat nerve cells (PC12 cells) in oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) injury model and explore its mechanism of action. Methods PC12 cells were divided into control group, ODG group, and active peptide GRGDS treatment group. The injury model was established by simulating in vitro cerebral ischemia by oxygen and sugar deprivation. MTT and flow cytometry were used to detect apoptosis after oxygen-glucose deprivation. ELISA method was used to detect the changes of inflammatory factors TNF-α and IL-1β in PC12 cell supernatant after oxygen-glucose deprivation. Western blot was used to detect the expression of apoptosis pathway-related proteins. Results The results of MTT and flow cytometry showed that the active peptide GRGDS significantly reduced the apoptosis of PC12 cells after oxygen glucose deprivation (P<0.05). ELISA test results showed that the active peptide GRGDS significantly reduced the content of TNF-α and IL-1β in the supernatant of PC12 cells after oxygen-glucose deprivation. (P<0.05). Western blot results showed that the active peptide GRGDS significantly reduced the expression levels of p-JNK, Bax, and cleaved caspase 3 in PC12 cells mediated by oxygen-glucose deprivation injury (P <0.01). Conclusion The active peptide GRGDS has protective effect on PC12 cells damaged by oxygen and glucose deprivation. The mechanism may be related to anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901436

ABSTRACT

Background@#The H5 avian influenza viruses (AIVs) of clade 2.3.4.4 circulate in wild and domestic birds worldwide. In 2017, nine strains of H5N6 AIVs were isolated from aquatic poultry in Xinjiang, Northwest China. @*Objectives@#This study aimed to analyze the origin, reassortment, and mutations of the AIV isolates. @*Methods@#AIVs were isolated from oropharyngeal and cloacal swabs of poultry. Identification was accomplished by inoculating isolates into embryonated chicken eggs and performing hemagglutination tests and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The viral genomes were amplified with RT-PCR and then sequenced. The sequence alignment, phylogenetic, and molecular characteristic analyses were performed by using bioinformatic software. @*Results@#Nine isolates originated from the same ancestor. The viral HA gene belonged to clade 2.3.4.4B, while the NA gene had a close phylogenetic relationship with the 2.3.4.4C H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) isolated from shoveler ducks in Ningxia in 2015. The NP gene was grouped into an independent subcluster within the 2.3.4.4B H5N8 AIVs, and the remaining six genes all had close phylogenetic relationships with the 2.3.4.4B H5N8 HPAIVs isolated from the wild birds in China, Egypt, Uganda, Cameroon, and India in 2016–2017, Multiple basic amino acid residues associated with HPAIVs were located adjacent to the cleavage site of the HA protein. The nine isolates comprised reassortant 2.3.4.4B HPAIVs originating from 2.3.4.4B H5N8 and 2.3.4.4C H5N6 viruses in wild birds. @*Conclusions@#These results suggest that the Northern Tianshan Mountain wetlands in Xinjiang may have a key role in AIVs disseminating from Central China to the Eurasian continent and East African.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879813

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of calorie-enriched formula on postoperative catch-up growth in infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A total of 100 infants with cyanotic CHD who underwent surgical operation from January to December, 2017, were randomly divided into a high-calorie group (receiving calorie-enriched formula after surgery) and a conventional group (receiving standard formula after surgery), with 50 infants in each group. All infants were followed up for 6 months. The observation indices included body height, body weight, prealbumin, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide before surgery, at the time of ventilator weaning and extubation after surgery, and at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Height-for-age Z-score (HAZ), weight-for-age Z-score (WAZ), and weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) were also assessed. Adverse reactions were recorded for both groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 25 cases (50%) and 21 cases (42%) of malnutrition in the high-calorie group and the conventional group respectively before surgery (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with the standard formula, calorie-enriched formula can better help with postoperative catch-up growth in infants with cyanotic CHD.


Subject(s)
Body Weight , Energy Intake , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Infant , Malnutrition , Nutritional Status , Prospective Studies
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1601-1605, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and preliminarily explore the role of an improved post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) based conditioning regimen in PNH patients receiving transplantation.@*METHODS@#Clinical related data of PNH sufferers receiving allo-HSCT in Department of Hematology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology were collected, and hematopoietic reconstitution, chimerism, PNH cloning, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), infection, and survival were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Totally five PNH patients receiving allo-HSCT were enrolled, including 1 case with classic PNH, 3 cases with aplastic anemia-PNH syndrome, 1 case with myelodysplastic syndrome, three of them (case 1-3) received the improved PTCy based conditioning regimen before HSCT. All sufferers engrafted successfully within 28 days, the median time of neutrophil and platelet engraftment was 11 days and 12 days, respectively, no patient occurred acute or chronic GVHD, after a median follow-up of 16 months, all recipients survived and completely eliminated PNH cloning.@*CONCLUSION@#Allo-HSCT can completely clear PNH cloning and restore hematopoietic function with controllable complications, and the improved PTCy based conditioning regimen is proved to be effective in PNH transplantation.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal/therapy , Humans , Transplantation Conditioning
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922118

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of arsenic trioxide (As@*METHODS@#Transplantation of LVG hamster hearts to Lewis rats was performed by anastomosis of vessels in the neck using end-to-end anastomosis with a non-suture cuff technique. Four groups of recipient rats (n=6 in each) were treated with normal saline (control), As@*RESULTS@#Expression of Nrf2-ARE-HO-1 signaling pathway was upregulated in heart xenografts in rats treated with As@*CONCLUSION@#Combination treatment with As


Subject(s)
Animals , Arsenic Trioxide , Cricetinae , Heart Transplantation , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Heterografts , Leflunomide , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Inbred Lew , Signal Transduction
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879186

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis(NASH) was induced by high-sugar and high-fat diet in mice to investigate the intervention effect of total saponins from Panax japonicus(TSPJ) and explore its possible mechanism. Mice were fed with high-sugar and high-fat diet to establish NASH model, and intervened with different doses of TSPJ(15, 45 mg·kg~(-1)). The animals were fed for 26 weeks. The histomorphology and pathological changes of liver tissues were observed by HE staining. The transcriptional expression levels of miR-199 a-5 p, autophagy related gene 5(ATG5) and inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-1β(IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) in mouse liver were measured by quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR). Western blot was used to detect the expression of autophagy-related proteins ATG5, P62/SQSTM1(P62), and microtubule-associated protein light chain 3(LC3)-I/Ⅱ proteins in mouse liver. The expression of P62 protein was detected by immunofluorescence staining. In order to verify the targeting regulation relationship between miR-199 a-5 p and ATG5, miR mimic/inhibitor NC and miR-199 a-5 p mimic/inhibitor were transfected into Hepa 1-6 cells, and the expression of ATG5 mRNA and protein was detected. pMIR-reportor ATG5-3'UTR luciferase reporter gene plasmid was constructed and co-transfected with miR mimic/inhibitor NC and miR-199 a-5 p mimic/inhibitor into Hepa 1-6 cells to detect luciferase activity. In vivo, HE staining in the model group showed typical fatty degeneration and inflammatory infiltration, with increased expression of miR-199 a-5 p and decreased expression of ATG5 mRNA and protein. The expression of autophagy-associated protein P62 increased significantly, the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ decreased, and the transcriptional expression of inflammatory factors increased significantly. After the intervention by TSPJ, the pathological performance of liver tissue was significantly improved, the expression of miR-199 a-5 p decreased and the expression of ATG5 mRNA and protein increased, the expression of autophagy-associated protein P62 decreased significantly, the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ increased, and the transcriptional expression of inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α decreased significantly. In vitro, it was found that the expression of ATG5 mRNA and protein and luciferase activity decreased significantly in miR-199 a-5 p overexpression cells, while after inhibition of miR-199 a-5 p expression, the expression level of ATG5 mRNA and protein and luciferase activity increased. The results showed that TSPJ can improve NASH in mice fed with high-sugar and high-fat diet, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of miR-199 a-5 p/ATG5 signal pathway, the regulation of autophagy activity and the improvement of inflammatory response of NASH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Autophagy-Related Protein 5 , Mice , MicroRNAs/genetics , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/genetics , Panax , Saponins/pharmacology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy and action mechanism of penetrating moxibustion at governor vessel for persistent allergic rhinitis of deficiency-cold syndrome.@*METHODS@#Ninety patients with persistent allergic rhinitis of deficiency-cold syndrome were randomly divided into an observation group (@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the TCM symptom scores, VAS scores, RQLQ scores, serum levels of IgE and complete blood count of EOS in the two groups were all reduced after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Based on the momethasone furoate nasal spray, the adjuvant treatment of penetrating moxibustion at governor vessel could significantly improve the clinical symptoms in patients with persistent allergic rhinitis of deficiency-cold syndrome, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of immune disorder.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Moxibustion , Quality of Life , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Syndrome , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879270

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for pain is usually implanted as an open loop system using unchanged parameters. To avoid the under and over stimulation caused by lead migration, evoked compound action potentials (ECAP) is used as feedback signal to change the stimulating parameters. This study established a simulation model of ECAP recording to investigate the relationship between ECAP component and dorsal column (DC) fiber recruitment. Finite element model of SCS and multi-compartment model of sensory fiber were coupled to calculate the single fiber action potential (SFAP) caused by single fiber in different spinal cord regions. The synthetized ECAP, superimposition of SFAP, could be considered as an index of DC fiber excitation degree, because the position of crests and amplitude of ECAP corresponds to different fiber diameters. When 10% or less DC fibers were excited, the crests corresponded to fibers with large diameters. When 20% or more DC fibers were excited, ECAP showed a slow conduction crest, which corresponded to fibers with small diameters. The amplitude of this slow conduction crest increased as the stimulating intensity increased while the amplitude of the fast conduction crest almost remained unchanged. Therefore, the simulated ECAP signal in this paper could be used to evaluate the degree of excitation of DC fibers. This SCS-ECAP model may provide theoretical basis for future clinical application of close loop SCS base on ECAP.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Computer Simulation , Electric Stimulation , Evoked Potentials , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Stimulation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907575

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinic diagnostic value of multi-slice CT (MSCT) imaging features in various subtypes of nodular lung adenocarcinoma.Methods:The imaging information and general clinical data of 160 patients with nodular lung adenocarcinoma who were admitted to Yantai Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University and received surgical treatment from January 2017 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate analysis was used to screen statistically significant imaging features of each pathological subtype, and binary logistic regression analysis was performed. The diagnostic value was analyzed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated, and the diagnostic efficacy was compared.Results:The age of patients with atypical adenomatous hyperplasia and adenocarcinoma in situ (AAH+ AIS), minimally invasive ademocarcinoma (MIA), invasive adenocarcinoma cancer (IAC) and variant of invasive adenocarcinoma cancer (VIAC) were (57.07±7.92), (59.37±6.96), (60.68±8.83), (63.33±6.89) years old, with no statistically significant difference ( F=1.221, P=0.304). The age of patients with VIAC, IAC, MIA and AAH+ AIS decreased in turn. The imaging features of AAH+ AIS, MIA, IAC and VIAC that exhibited statistically significant differences were as following in turn: the maximum diameter of lesion [6.85 (3.73) mm vs. 8.00 (5.00) mm vs. 16.00 (11.90) mm vs. 17.20 (9.08) mm, H=55.107, P<0.001], CT value [-563.50 (176.63) HU vs. -536.00 (293.50) HU vs. -235.50 (346.50) HU vs. -23.00 (30.50) HU, H=47.499, P<0.001], solid ratio [0 (0) vs. 0 (0) vs. 49.00% (100.00%) vs. 100.00% (0), H=44.242, P<0.001], vacuolar sign [14 (87.50%) vs. 35 (100.00%) vs. 84 (81.55%) vs. 3 (50.00%), χ2=13.925, P=0.002], inflatable bronchus sign [1 (6.25%) vs. 2 (5.71%) vs. 36 (34.95%) vs. 2 (33.33%), χ2=16.578, P=0.001], intratumoral vascular sign [13 (81.25%) vs. 28 (80.00%) vs. 64 (62.14%) vs. 1 (16.67%), χ2=11.168, P=0.009], vessel convergence sign [1 (6.25%) vs. 3 (8.57%) vs. 66 (64.08%) vs. 6 (100.00%), χ2=54.232, P<0.001], short burr sign [3 (18.75%) vs. 11 (31.43%) vs. 77 (74.76%) vs. 6 (100.00%), χ2=36.218, P<0.001], lobulation sign [4 (25.00%) vs. 18 (51.43%) vs. 93 (90.29%) vs. 6 (100.00%), χ2=43.302, P<0.001], pleural traction sign [0 (0) vs. 6 (17.14%) vs. 70 (67.96%) vs. 5 (83.33%), χ2=50.794, P<0.001]. The maximum diameter of lesion ( OR=0.858, 95% CI: 0.754-0.977, P=0.021) and pleural traction sign ( OR=0.288, 95% CI: 0.084-0.993, P=0.049) were independent influencing factors of MIA. The maximum diameter of lesion ( OR=1.131, 95% CI: 1.030-1.241, P=0.010) and pleural traction sign ( OR=3.441, 95% CI: 1.279-9.254, P=0.014) were independent influencing factors of IAC. The optimum threshold of the maximum diameter of lesion in diagnosis of MIA was 11.05 mm, AUC was 0.798 (95% CI: 0.724-0.872) sensitivity was 68.00%, and specificity was 85.70%. The AUC of pleural traction sign in diagnosis of MIA was 0.714 (95% CI: 0.623-0.806). The diagnostic efficacy exhibited no statistically significant difference between the maximum diameter of lesion and pleural traction sign in diagnosis of MIA ( Z=1.838, P=0.066). The optimum threshold of the maximum diameter of lesion in diagnosis of IAC was 11.05 mm, AUC was 0.827 (95% CI: 0.759-0.895), sensitivity was 75.70%, and specificity was 78.90%. The AUC of pleural traction sign in diagnosis of IAC was 0.743 (95% CI: 0.663-0.823). The diagnostic efficacy exhibited statistically significant difference between the maximum diameter of lesion and pleural traction sign in diagnosis of IAC ( Z=2.114, P=0.035), and the maximum diameter of lesion > 11.05 mm was better for the diagnosis of IAC. Conclusion:The maximum diameter of lesion and pleural traction sign are independent influence factors in diagnosis of MIA and IAC, and the maximum diameter of lesion > 11.05 mm is better for the diagnosis of IAC.

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