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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 242-252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878558

ABSTRACT

To screen the available tomato pollution-safe cultivar varieties and reduce the potential food safety risks in Cd-polluted areas, the differences of Cd accumulation in different tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) varieties in southern China were studied by soil culture and hydroponic experiments. Firstly, the high and low accumulation varieties were selected from 25 tomato varieties under 2.94 mg/kg Cd stress by soil culture test, and then the responses of high and low accumulation tomato varieties to Cd stress were determined by hydroponic experiments. The results of soil culture test show that under 2.94 mg/kg Cd stress, there were significant differences in plant height, total biomass and yield among 25 tomato cultivars, and the Cd contents of fruits of all 25 tomato cultivars exceeded the highest limit value (0.05 mg/kg) of CAC (Codex alimentarius commission). Through cluster analysis, 7, 4 and 14 varieties accumulating relatively high, medium, and low concentrations of Cd in the fruits were screened, among which the highest, the lowest, and the average Cd contents in the fruits were 3.06 mg/kg DW, 1.47 mg/kg DW, and 2.21 mg/kg DW, respectively. The results of hydroponic experiment show that under the same concentration of Cd stress, Qiantangxuri F1, a high Cd accumulating variety, absorbed Cd faster, accumulated more Cd, used shorter oxidative stress response time and had stronger tolerance to Cd than Zhefen 3053, a low Cd accumulating variety. The typical high and low Cd accumulating varieties can provide a reference for agricultural production in heavy metal polluted areas and the development of molecular-assisted breeding methods of PSC. At present, cultivating low Cd accumulating PSC varieties and dynamic monitoring of Cd contents in tomato fruits are feasible methods in medium and light Cd-polluted areas.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Cadmium/toxicity , China , Lycopersicon esculentum , Plant Breeding , Plant Roots/chemistry , Soil Pollutants/toxicity
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 178-184, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877896

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in high temperature requirement serine peptidase A1 (HTRA1) gene are responsible for cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CARASIL). Recently, increasing evidence has shown that heterozygous HTRA1 mutations are also associated with cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. This study was aimed to analyze the genetic and clinical characteristics of HTRA1-related autosomal dominant CSVD.@*METHODS@#We presented three new Chinese cases of familial CSVD with heterozygous HTRA1 mutations and reviewed all clinical case reports and articles on HTRA1-related autosomal dominant CSVD included in PUBMED by the end of March 1, 2020. CARASIL probands with genetic diagnosis reported to date were also reviewed. The genetic and clinical characteristics of HTRA1-related autosomal dominant CSVD were summarized and analyzed by comparing with CARASIL.@*RESULTS@#Forty-four HTRA1-related autosomal dominant CSVD probands and 22 CARASIL probands were included. Compared with typical CARASIL, HTRA1-related autosomal dominant probands has a higher proportion of vascular risk factors (P < 0.001), a later onset age (P < 0.001), and a relatively slower clinical progression. Alopecia and spondylosis can be observed, but less than those in the typical CARASIL. Thirty-five heterozygous mutations in HTRA1 were reported, most of which were missense mutations. Amino acids located close to amino acids 250-300 were most frequently affected, followed by these located near 150∼200. While amino acids 250∼300 were also the most frequently affected region in CARASIL patients, fewer mutations precede the 200th amino acids were detected, especially in the Kazal-type serine protease domain.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HTRA1-related autosomal dominant CSVD is present as a mild phenotype of CARASIL. The trend of regional concentration of mutation sites may be related to the concentration of key sites in these regions which are responsible for pathogenesis of HTRA1-related autosomal dominant CSVD.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction , Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases/genetics , Heterozygote , High-Temperature Requirement A Serine Peptidase 1/genetics , Humans , Leukoencephalopathies/genetics , Mutation/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869990

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of 6 children with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome, and to analyze the pathogenic genes carried by some patients.Methods:The clinical data of 6 patients were summarized. The pathogenic genes of 4 families were analyzed. Genomic DNA was extracted from 3ml of the subject′s blood with EDTA anticoagulation. The first-generation sequencing technology was used to analyze the sequence of Lamin A/C(LMNA) gene and to identify the pathogenic mutation sites by comparing with normal sequencing results.Results:All the children had typical clinical manifestations of the disease which has been previously reported in the literature, such as severe growth retardation, special skin manifestations, and distinctive craniofacial manifestations.Gene sequencing results revealed that 2 patients carried classical heterozygous mutation of LMNA c. 1824C>T(p.G608G). The other two patients carried atypical mutations of LMNA IVS8-4 C>A and c. 1968+ 2T>C, among which the mutation of IVS8-4 C>A has not been reported.Conclusions:In Chinese children, both classical and non-classical mutations in LMNA gene lead to the occurrence of premature aging. It is easy to make a diagnosis based on clinical manifestations. Finding of the pathogenic gene may further confirm the diagnosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865450

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical study of different frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of senile schizophrenia.Methods The 70 elderly schizophrenics admitted to Kangning Hospital Affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University from February 2018 to August 2019 were randomly divided into observation group (35 cases) and control group (35 cases).High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation was used in the observation group and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation was used in the control group.Both groups were treated for 4 weeks.The changes of clinical global impression (CGI),positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS),cognitive function rating scale for schizophrenia (SCoRS),scale of social-skills for psychiatric inpatients(SSPI) and serum sex hormone levels before and after treatment were compared between the two groups.Results After treatment,the CGI and PANSS scores of the two groups were lower than those before treatment [observation group:(2.43 ± 0.37) scores vs.(5.61 ± 0.58) scores,(35.73 ± 6.57) scores vs.(79.95 ± 8.98) scores,t =27.346 and 23.512;control group:(3.37 ± 0.48) scores vs.(5.49 ± 0.62) scores,(40.91 ± 8.17) scores vs.(78.64 ± 9.63) scores,t =15.996 and 17.675,P < 0.05];after treatment,the CGI and PANSS scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (t =9.176,2.923,P < 0.05).After treatment,the SCoRS scores of the two groups was lower than those before treatment (observation group:t =12.822,control group:t =7.402,P < 0.05);after treatment,the SCoRS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group [(27.92 ± 5.41) scores vs.(34.25 ± 6.17) scores] (t=4.564,P<0.05).The SSPI scores of the two groups increased after treatment (observation group:t=9.252;control group:t=3.671,P<0.05);after treatment,the SSPI scores of the observation group were higher than those of the control group [(35.74 ± 3.27) scores vs.(30.85 ± 2.28) scores](t =7.257,P < 0.05).After treatment,the serum testosterone and prolactin levels in the two groups were higher than those before treatment (observation group:t =13.853,15.198;control group:t =10.075 and 9.225,P < 0.05);after treatment,the serum testosterone and prolactin levels in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (t=5.693 and 7.202,P<0.05).Conclusions High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is superior to low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of senile schizophrenia,and the improvement of sex hormone level is superior to low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation,and the improvement of cognitive and social functions is superior to low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880501

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the effective components of Chinese medicine (CM) contained in Chaihu Shugan Powder (, CSP) in the treatment of depressive disorders and to predict its anti-depressant mechanism by network pharmacology.@*METHODS@#Absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity calculation method was used to screen the active components of CSP. Traditional Chinese Medicine System Pharmacological Database Analysis Platform and text mining tool (GoPuMed database) were used to predict and screen the active ingredients of CSP and anti-depressive targets. Through Genetic Association Database, Therapeutic Target Database, and PharmGkb database targets for depression were obtained. Cytoscape3.2.1 software was used to establish a network map of the active ingredients-targets of CSP, and to analyze gene function and metabolic pathways through Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery and the Omicshare database.@*RESULTS@#The 121 active ingredients and 15 depression-related targets which were screened from the database can exert antidepressant effects by improving the neural plasticity, growth, transfer condition and gene expression of neuronal cell, and the raise of the expression of gap junction protein. The 15 targets passed 14 metabolic pathways, mainly involved in the regulation of neurotransmitters (5-hydroxytryptamine, dopamine and epinephrine), inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, calcium signaling pathway, cyclic adenosine monophosphate signaling pathway and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction and other signal channels to exert anti-depressant effects.@*CONCLUSION@#This article reveals the possible mechanism of CSP in the treatment of depression through network pharmacology research, and lays a foundation for further target studies.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799615

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical study of different frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of senile schizophrenia.@*Methods@#The 70 elderly schizophrenics admitted to Kangning Hospital Affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University from February 2018 to August 2019 were randomly divided into observation group (35 cases) and control group (35 cases). High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation was used in the observation group and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation was used in the control group. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks. The changes of clinical global impression (CGI), positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS), cognitive function rating scale for schizophrenia (SCoRS), scale of social-skills for psychiatric inpatients(SSPI) and serum sex hormone levels before and after treatment were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#After treatment, the CGI and PANSS scores of the two groups were lower than those before treatment [observation group:(2.43 ± 0.37) scores vs. (5.61 ± 0.58) scores, (35.73 ± 6.57) scores vs. (79.95 ± 8.98) scores, t=27.346 and 23.512; control group: (3.37 ± 0.48) scores vs. (5.49 ± 0.62) scores, (40.91 ± 8.17) scores vs. (78.64 ± 9.63) scores, t=15.996 and 17.675, P<0.05]; after treatment, the CGI and PANSS scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (t=9.176, 2.923, P<0.05). After treatment, the SCoRS scores of the two groups was lower than those before treatment (observation group: t=12.822, control group: t=7.402, P<0.05); after treatment, the SCoRS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group [(27.92 ± 5.41) scores vs. (34.25 ± 6.17) scores] (t=4.564, P<0.05). The SSPI scores of the two groups increased after treatment (observation group: t=9.252; control group: t=3.671, P<0.05); after treatment, the SSPI scores of the observation group were higher than those of the control group [(35.74 ± 3.27) scores vs. (30.85 ± 2.28) scores](t=7.257, P<0.05). After treatment, the serum testosterone and prolactin levels in the two groups were higher than those before treatment (observation group: t=13.853, 15.198; control group: t=10.075 and 9.225, P<0.05); after treatment, the serum testosterone and prolactin levels in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (t=5.693 and 7.202, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is superior to low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of senile schizophrenia, and the improvement of sex hormone level is superior to low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, and the improvement of cognitive and social functions is superior to low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798592

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the clinical characteristics of 6 children with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome, and to analyze the pathogenic genes carried by some patients.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 6 patients were summarized. The pathogenic genes of 4 families were analyzed. Genomic DNA was extracted from 3ml of the subject′s blood with EDTA anticoagulation. The first-generation sequencing technology was used to analyze the sequence of Lamin A/C(LMNA) gene and to identify the pathogenic mutation sites by comparing with normal sequencing results.@*Results@#All the children had typical clinical manifestations of the disease which has been previously reported in the literature, such as severe growth retardation, special skin manifestations, and distinctive craniofacial manifestations.Gene sequencing results revealed that 2 patients carried classical heterozygous mutation of LMNA c. 1824C>T(p.G608G). The other two patients carried atypical mutations of LMNA IVS8-4 C>A and c. 1968+ 2T>C, among which the mutation of IVS8-4 C>A has not been reported.@*Conclusions@#In Chinese children, both classical and non-classical mutations in LMNA gene lead to the occurrence of premature aging. It is easy to make a diagnosis based on clinical manifestations. Finding of the pathogenic gene may further confirm the diagnosis.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1986-1992, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781507

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of human placental hematopoietic stem cells (PHSCs) on hematopoietic reconstruction in non-lethally irradiated mice.@*METHODS@#Human placental HSCs were extracted by mechanical method combined with zymolysis and were identified by flow cytometry and colony formationtest. Twenty-five NOG mice were divided randomly into 4 groups: the blank control group (n=5), the irradiated group (n=4), the low dose PHSC group (n=8) and the high dose PHSC group (n=8). The mice in the irradiated, the low dose and the high dose PHSC groups were irradiated with X-rays at dose 1 Gy (100 cGy/min) under sterile condition. The mice in the low dose PHSC group and the high dose PHSC group were injected intravenously with 0.1 ml human placental HSC in dose of 2×10 and 1×10, respectively. The mice in the blank control and the irradiated group were injected with the same volume of saline. The mice were weighed weekly, and the changes of body weight were calculated. The peripheral blood was collected from each group at 4, 8 and 12 week for flow cytometrytic detection of human CD45 and myeloid and lymphoid cells.@*RESULTS@#The flow cytometry and cell-colong formation test showed that the human placental HSC accounted for more than 0.75% of total placental mononuclear cells, moreover possess the differentiation ability. Compared with the blank control group, the relative weight gain in the irradiated, the low dose PHSC, and the high dose PHSC groups decreased significantly, and the relative weight gain in the low dose PHSC and the high dose PHSC group increased significantly as compared with the irradiated group. Flow cytometry showed that at the tine-point of 12 weeks after transplantation, the human blood immune system in the high-dose PHSC mice began long-term reconstruction, while the ratio of human CD45 cells in the low-dose PHSC mice was very low.@*CONCLUSION@#After transplantation of human PHSC the non-lethally irradiated mice can obtain short-term and long-term reconstruetion of human blood cells, which demonstrated that human placental HSC can differentiate and reconstruct hematopoietic function in vivo of irradiated mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Female , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Pregnancy
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776028

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics of autoimmune disease with dual seropositive antibodies of leucine-rich glioma inactivated 1(LGI1)and contactin-associated protein 2(Caspr2).Methods The clinical data of seven patients with dual seropositive LGI1 and Caspr2 antibodies who were admitted to the Neurology Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from July 2014 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.Results Central,peripheral and autonomic nervous systems were all involved in the seven cases;100%(7/7)presented with insomnia,myokymia,neuropahic pain and hyperhydrosis;71%(5/7)showed memory decline or psychiatric and behavioral symptoms;57%(4/7)had urinary hesitation or constipation;and 43%(3/7)had seizure.Electromyography showed 100%(6/6) of the patients had prolonged afterdischarges following normal M waves and/or abnormal spontaneous firing.Electroencephalography revealed slow waves or basic rhythm slowing in 71%(5/7)of patients.Electrocardiography showed sinus tachycardia,axis deviation,and prolonged QT intervals in 71%(5/7)of patients.One patient died from arrhythmia before immunotherapy.One died from pulmonary infection after immunotherapy.Improvement with immunotherapy was documented in the other five cases.No relapse was noted during the 1-2-year follow-up.Conclusions Autoimmune disease with dual seropositive antibodies of LGI1 and Caspr2 can diffusely affect the central,peripheral,and autonomic nervous systems.The possibility of this disease should be considered in patients with acute and subacute onset of neuropsychiatric symptoms,especially in patients with accompanying insomnia,myokymia,and hyperhydrosis.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Blood , Autoimmune Diseases , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Membrane Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824255

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the difference of cognitive fusion,empirical avoidance between patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and healthy control group,and to explore the relationship between obsessive-compulsive score and cognitive fusion,empirical avoidance.Methods The cognitive fusion questionnaire(CFQ),acceptance and action questionnaire-2nd edition (AAQ-Ⅱ) and Yale-Brown scale for obsessive-compulsive symptoms (Y-BOCS) were used to investigate 100 subjects with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and 166 healthy controls.And the differences in cognitive fusion and empirical avoidance scores were compared between the two groups.The relationship of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and cognitive fusion,empirical avoidance was analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis.Results The scores of cognitive fusion ((49.89± 10.62) vs (33.88 ± 11.44),t =-11.345,P< 0.01) and empirical avoidance ((29.75±9.53) vs (21.59±7.03),t=-7.995,P<0.01) in obsessive-compulsive disorder group were significantly higher than those in healthy control group.There were significant differences in cognitive fusion and empirical avoidance in age variables (F=8.63,P<0.01).In AAQ-Ⅱ,item 2 (r=0.246,P< 0.05),item 6 (r=0.223,P<0.05) and total score (r=0.240,P<0.05) were positively correlated with the total score of Y-BOCS.Item 2 (r=0.311,P<0.01),item 3 (r=0.286,P<0.05),item 6 (r=0.248,P<0.05) and total score (r=0.229,P<0.05) were positively correlated with the scores of obsessive-thinking.In CFQ,item 2 (r=0.231,P<0.0) 5),item 4 (r=0.242,P< 0.05),item 7 (r =0.308,P< 0.05),item 8 (r =0.277,P<0.05) and item 9 (r=0.249,P<0.05) were positively correlated with the total score of Y-BOCS.Item 8 (r=0.261,P<0.05) was positively correlated with the scores of obsessive-thinking,item 7 (r=0.237,P<0.05) and item 9 (r=0.238,P<0.05) were positively correlated with scores of obsessive-compulsive behavior.When predicting total obsessive-compulsive scores,only CF item 7 of Q (B=1.827,P<0.01),item 3 (B=0.956,P<0.05),and item 6 of AAQ-Ⅱ (B=0.584,P<0.05) entered the equation with a joint explanatory variation of 19%.When predicting the score of obsessive-thinking,only item 2 of AAQ-Ⅱ (B=0.446,P<0.01) entered the equation,explaining the variance was 9.7%.In the prediction of obsessive-compulsive behavior,only item 9 (B=0.815,P<0.05) of CFQ entered the equation,and the explanatory variation was 5.6%.Conclusion Cognitive fusion in the patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and the high level of empirical avoidance may be an important factor for the maintenance of the symptoms.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound or fluoroscopic-guided percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) combined with thrombolysis for the treatment of acutely thrombosed arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or grafts (AVG).@*METHODS@#One hundred and ninety-two hemodialysed patients, in whom the thrombosed arterio-venous AVF or AVG developed less than 72 h and there were no contraindications for thrombolysis and PTA, underwent PTA combined with thrombolysis therapy in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital of Zhejiang University from October 2014 to October 2017. Under ultrasound and/or fluoroscopic guidance, balloon catheter was introduced to thrombosis sites along a guide wire. Then the balloon was inflated and normal saline mixed with urokinase and heparin was injected for thrombolysis. After blood flow was restored, angioplasty was performed on vascular stenosed sites.@*RESULTS@#A total of 274 endovascular interventional operations were performed for 192 patients. The procedure success rate was 98.2%, clinical success rate was 93.8%and complication rate was 1.46%. The post-intervention primary patency rates for AVF group were 87.4%, 76.7%and 63.9%at 3, 6 and 12 months, respectively; while the post-intervention secondary patency rates were 93.7%, 91.6%and 83.0%, respectively. The post-intervention primary patency rates for AVG group were 60.7%, 51.5%and 43.1%at 3, 6 and 12 months, while the post-intervention secondary patency rates were 82.7%, 77.1%and 70.8%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PTA combined with thrombolysis is an effective and safe therapeutic option for AVF and AVG thrombosis, which would prolong hemodialysis access and save vascular resources for hemodialyzed patients.


Subject(s)
Angioplasty , Arteriovenous Fistula , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical , Humans , Renal Dialysis , Retrospective Studies , Thrombolytic Therapy , Thrombosis , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of semi-open suturation of vaginal stump in preventing pelvic lym-phocele after pelvic lymphadenectomy during gynecologic cancer surgery.METHODS:This study is a retrospectivestudy.Totally 348 patients with cervic cancer or endometrial cancer who underwent pelvic lymphadenectomy and/or para-aortic lymphadenectomy from January 2012 to September 2018 were divided into two groups according to the suturationof vaginal stump:102 patients were in the semi-open group and 246 patients were in the closed group.The two groupswere compared concerning the surgery time,harvested lymph node,drainage time,albumin level,hemoglobin content,and the incidence of lymphocele and symptomatic lymphocele.RESULTS:There were no differences between two groupswith respect to surgery time,harvested lymph node,drainage time,albumin level or hemoglobin content(P>0.05).Theincidence of lymphocele and symptomatic lyphocele in semi-open group was significantly lower than that in closed group(35.3%versus79.3%,3.9%versus19.5%,P<0.05);the average diameter of lymphocele in semi-open group was also sig-nificantly lower than that in closed group(4.1cm versus 5.9cm,P<0.05).CONCLUSION:The result of this study indicatesthat the application of semi-open saturation of vaginal stump is an effective way to reduce the incidence of pelvic lym-phocele after gynecologic malignancy,which is simple and with reliable effect.It doesn′t increase the incidence of postop-eration complications and deserves clinical application.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of cervicectomy for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN)in patients with cervicovaginal shortening.METHODS: Retrospectively analyze the clinical data of the 120 cases of CIN treated in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from April 2014 to November 2018.Cervicectomy was performed because of cervicovaginal shortening caused by menopausal or peri-menopausal cervical atrophy or cervical surgery.The clinical treatment,efficacy and prognosis of the patients were reviewed.RESULTS: The mean age of the 120 patients was 55.2 years(range:35-77 years).The indications of operation included:persistent abnormal cervical cytology test(7),CIN2(42),CIN3(70),squamous carcinoma of the cervix(1);peri-menopausal and menopausal patients with obvious cervicovaginal atrophy(100),premenopausal patients with natural short cervix(2),and obvious cervicovaginal shortening caused by cervical surgery(18).The mean operating time was 23.2 min(range 10-30 min),the mean bleeding volume was 7.8 mL(range:5-20 mL),and the mean height of cervix resected was 2.59 cm(range:2-3 cm).No secondary injury,bleeding or other postoperative complications occurred during surgery;cervical postoperative wounds healed well;only one case developed cervical adhesion after surgery.The postoperative histologic diagnosis were compared with the preoperative histologic diagnosis,in which 45 degraded(37.50%),42 consistent(35.00%),and 33 upgraded(27.50%).HPV conversion rate 3 months after cervicectomy was 80.81%(80/99),and total HPV conversion rate was 88.89%(88/99).A total of 29 patients underwent secondary surgery,23 underwent total hysterectomy,and 6 underwent extensive hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy.All patients were followed up,once every 3 to 6 months,and median follow-up time was 29.5 months(range 4-59 months).All patients recovered well after surgery;only 2 cases showed positive margins,and only 2 cases of residual disease and 1 case of recurrence were found during follow-up.CONCLUSION: For patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia of cervicovaginal shortening,cervicectomy is a safe,effective and relatively microinvasive treatment.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801379

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the difference of cognitive fusion, empirical avoidance between patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and healthy control group, and to explore the relationship between obsessive-compulsive score and cognitive fusion, empirical avoidance.@*Methods@#The cognitive fusion questionnaire(CFQ), acceptance and action questionnaire-2nd edition(AAQ-II) and Yale-Brown scale for obsessive-compulsive symptoms (Y-BOCS) were used to investigate 100 subjects with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and 166 healthy controls.And the differences in cognitive fusion and empirical avoidance scores were compared between the two groups.The relationship of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and cognitive fusion, empirical avoidance was analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis.@*Results@#The scores of cognitive fusion ((49.89±10.62) vs (33.88±11.44), t=-11.345, P<0.01)and empirical avoidance ((29.75±9.53) vs (21.59±7.03), t=-7.995, P<0.01) in obsessive-compulsive disorder group were significantly higher than those in healthy control group.There were significant differences in cognitive fusion and empirical avoidance in age variables (F=8.63, P<0.01). In AAQ-Ⅱ, item 2 (r=0.246, P<0.05), item 6 (r=0.223, P<0.05) and total score (r=0.240, P<0.05) were positively correlated with the total score of Y-BOCS.Item 2 (r=0.311, P<0.01), item 3 (r=0.286, P<0.05), item 6 (r=0.248, P<0.05) and total score (r=0.229, P<0.05) were positively correlated with the scores of obsessive-thinking.In CFQ, item 2 (r=0.231, P<0.0) 5), item 4 (r=0.242, P<0.05), item 7 (r=0.308, P<0.05), item 8 (r=0.277, P<0.05) and item 9 (r=0.249, P<0.05) were positively correlated with the total score of Y-BOCS.Item 8 (r=0.261, P<0.05) was positively correlated with the scores of obsessive-thinking, item 7 (r=0.237, P<0.05) and item 9 (r=0.238, P<0.05) were positively correlated with scores of obsessive-compulsive behavior.When predicting total obsessive-compulsive scores, only CF item 7 of Q (B=1.827, P<0.01), item 3 (B=0.956, P<0.05), and item 6 of AAQ-Ⅱ (B=0.584, P<0.05) entered the equation with a joint explanatory variation of 19%.When predicting the score of obsessive-thinking, only item 2 of AAQ-Ⅱ (B=0.446, P<0.01) entered the equation, explaining the variance was 9.7%.In the prediction of obsessive-compulsive behavior, only item 9 (B=0.815, P<0.05) of CFQ entered the equation, and the explanatory variation was 5.6%.@*Conclusion@#Cognitive fusion in the patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and the high level of empirical avoidance may be an important factor for the maintenance of the symptoms.

15.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 666-669, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844402

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect difference between the thermosensitive moxibustion (TSM) and conventional mild moxibustion (CMM) at Yifeng (TE 17) plus acupuncture intervention in the treatment of facial paralysis patients. METHODS: The prospective cohort study design was used in the present study. A total of 183 patients were divided into a thermosensitive moxibustion (regional heat penetrating, heat extending, warmer in deep-tissue, etc.) group (n=132) and a CMM group (n=51) according to the patients' subjective feeling to moxibustion stimulation of TE 17. After propensity score matching (PSM, a statistical matching technique of observational data) processing by using SPSS 19. 0 software, outcomes of 33 cases in the TSM group and 33 cases in the CMM group were analyzed. In the 1st course (10 days) of treatment, TSM was applied to TE 17 till the thermosensitive feelings disappeared for patients in the TSM group, or CMM employed to TE 17 for 45 min for patients in the CMM group, followed by manual acupuncture stimulation of Cuanzhu (BL 2), Yangbai (GB 14), Sibai (ST 2), Quanliao (SI 18), Jiache (ST 6), etc. on the affected side (shallow needling, uniform reinforcing-reducing needle-manipulation) for 30 min, once daily. In the 2nd course (10 days), only manual acupuncture was performed, the same acupoints were stimulated with the same methods used in the 1st course, and in combination with bilateral Zusanli (ST 36) which was stimulated with reinforcing-needling technique. The interval between the 2 courses was 2 days. The modified Portmann scale (for movements of eyebrow raising, eye closing, cheek bulging, pouting, teeth showing and nostril widening, and symetry during resting state) was used to evaluate the severity of the facial palsy before and after the treatment. RESULTS: After the treatment, the Portmann scores were significantly higher than those of their own pre-treatment in each of the two groups (P < 0.01), being markedly higher in the TSM group than in the CMM group (P < 0.01), suggesting a better therapeutic effect of TSM. CONCLUSION: The thermosensitive moxibustion is considerably superior to the conventional mild moxibustion in improving the symptoms of facial paralysis patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691126

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of postoperative initial neck stem angle on the treatment of proximal humeral fractures with locking plate.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2014 to Septembetr 2016, 62 patients with proximal humeral fractures underwent internal fixation with locking plates were retrospectively analyzed, including 29 males and 33 females with an average age of(55.95±9.48) years old ranging from 34 to 74 years old. According to the difference of the initial neck stem angle, the patients were divided into three groups, 15 patients in the varus group had less than 127° postoperative initial neck-shaft angle, 36 patients in the normal group had 127° to 145° postoperative initial neck-shaft angle, 11 patients in the valgus group had more than 145° postoperative initial neck-shaft angle. The operating time, fracture healing time, complications, the visual analogue scale(VAS) and shoulder functional Neer scores among three groups were compared for analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 62 patients were followed up for 17.2 months(ranged 12 to 38 months). Operative time, fracture healing time and VAS were(2.37±0.59) hours, (3.99±0.48) months and(3.67±2.02) points in the varus group;(2.60±0.49) hours, (3.78±0.49) months and(3.22±2.06) points in the normal group;(2.75±0.39) hours, (3.82±0.42) months and (4.09±1.58) points in the valgus group. There was no statistical difference in operating time, fracture healing time and VAS among these groups(>0.05). The Neer score(87.14±6.48) in the normal group and(84.31±9.05) in the valgus group was significantly better than(75.93±9.77) in the varus group (<0.05). Among them, 4 cases occurred complications in the varus group;2 cases in the normal group;while no complication occurred in the valgus group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The internal fixation with locking plates of the proximal humerus fractures with postoperative initial neck-shaft angle more than 127° can reduce complications, improve shoulder function and allow for better postoperative outcome.</p>

17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 115-122, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687846

ABSTRACT

The present study is aimed to explore the effects of endogenous carbon monoxide on the ischemia-reperfusion in rats. Wistar rats were intraperitoneally injected with protoporphyrin cobalt chloride (CoPP, an endogenous carbon monoxide agonist, 5 mg/kg), zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP, an endogenous carbon monoxide inhibitor, 5 mg/kg) or saline. Twenty-four hours after injection, the myocardial ischemia-reperfusion model was made by Langendorff isolated cardiac perfusion system, and cardiac function parameters were collected. Myocardial cGMP content was measured by ELISA, and the endogenous carbon monoxide in plasma and myocardial enzymes in perfusate at 10 min after reperfusion were measured by colorimetry. The results showed that before ischemia the cardiac functions of CoPP, ZnPP and control groups were stable, and there were no significant differences. After reperfusion, cardiac functions had significant differences among the three groups (P < 0.05). Compared with pre-ischemia, the cardiac function decreased and obvious cardiac arrest was shown in control and ZnPP groups, while the cardiac function in CoPP group did not change significantly, maintaining a relatively stable level. At the same time, three groups' carbon monoxide level, myocardial enzymology and the cardiac function recovery time after reperfusion also had significant differences (P < 0.05). Compared with those in control group, recovery after reperfusion was faster, activities of creatine kinase and lactic dehydrogenase were significantly decreased, plasma CO and myocardial cGMP contents were significantly increased in CoPP group, while these changes were completely opposite in ZnPP group. It is concluded that endogenous carbon monoxide can maintain cardiac function, shorten the time of cardiac function recovery, and play a protective role in cardiac ischemia-reperfusion.

18.
Journal of Stroke ; : 239-246, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714416

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Epidemiological data of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) in the general population of China are lacking. We report on the prevalence of lacunes, white matter hyperintensity (WMH), and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in a community-based sample in China and compare the results with those of other studies. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of the population-based Shunyi Study in China. A total of 1,211 stroke-free participants (mean age, 55.6±9.3 years; 37.4% men) with available 3 Tesla (3T) magnetic resonance images were included in this analysis. Demographic information and risk factor data were assessed. The overall and age-specific prevalence of lacunes, WMH, and CMBs was evaluated. Associations between cardiovascular risk factors and the presence of these lesions were analyzed by multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: Our study showed a prevalence of 14.5% for lacunes, 72.1% for periventricular hyperintensity (PVH), 65.4% for deep white matter hyperintensity (DWMH), and 10.6% for CMBs. When compared with other community-based samples, individuals in the same age group showed a higher burden of lacunes and a relatively lower prevalence of CMBs. Advanced age was independently associated with the prevalence of these CSVD markers, while the presence of hypertension increased the risk of lacunes, PVH/DWMH, and CMBs in deep or infratentorial locations. CONCLUSIONS: A higher burden of lacunes but a relatively lower prevalence of CMBs was observed in this Chinese population. This notable result highlights the challenge of CSVD prevention in China. Chinese have a risk factor profile for CSVD similar to those in other populations.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Hypertension , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Risk Factors , White Matter
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 156-160, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342072

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis is a treatable autoimmune neurologic syndrome that occurs with or without tumor association. However, some severe cases are refractory to systemic immunotherapy. This pilot study aimed to evaluate the utility and safety of intrathecal methotrexate injection for severe patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis who did not respond to first-line immunotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Intrathecal injections with methotrexate and dexamethasone were performed weekly in four legible patients within consecutive 4 weeks. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was collected at baseline and each time of intrathecal injection for identification of anti-NMDAR antibody titers.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Significant clinical improvement was observed in three patients associated with a stepwise decrease of CSF anti-NMDAR antibody titers (maximum: 1/320 to minimum: 1/10). After 2 months of follow-up, they were able to follow simple commands and had appropriate interactions with people (modified Rankin scale [mRS] of 0-2). At 12 months of follow-up, they all had returned to most activities of daily life (mRS of 0), and no relapses were reported. One patient showed no clinical improvement and died of neurologic complications.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Intrathecal treatment may be a potentially useful supplementary therapy in severely affected patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. Further large cohort study and animal experiment may help us elaborate the utility of intrathecal injection of methotrexate and its mechanism of action.</p>

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707489

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the anatomic basis for and clinical outcomes of the internal fixation which preserves the pronator quadratus (PQ) for distal radius fractures.Methods Twenty cadaveric specimens of adult upper extremity were used for this study (14 males and 6 females).The radial and ulnar lengths of PQ,the distal and proximal widths of PQ,the distances from the distal end of PQ to the articular surface of the distal radius and to the transverse line of the wrist,and the width of the bony tunnel of PQ were dissected and measured to study the anatomical features of PQ.A retrospective study was conducted of the 18 distal radius fractures which had been treated from March 2015 to March 2017 by internal fixation with T-shaped anatomic locking compression plate (LCP) with PQ preserved.They were 8 males and 10 females,with an average age of 52.7 years (range,from 28 to 65 years).According to the AO classification,there were 8 cases of type 23-A,5 ones of type 23-B and 5 ones of type 23-C1.The functional outcomes of the wrist were assessed using the Cooney scoring system at the last follow-ups.Results The PQ muscle was flat and like a right angle trapezoid with rich blood vessels.The radial and ulnar lengths of PQ were about 4.60 cm and 4.46 cm;the distal and proximal widths of PQ were about 4.41 cm and 4.48 cm;the distance from the distal end of PQ to the transverse line of the wrist was about 3.61 cm;the widths of the distal and proximal bony tunnels were about 3.08 cm and 1.91 cm.The 18 patients were followed up for 6 to 36 months (average,11.5 months).Bone union was achieved in all the patients after a mean time of 2.5 months (range,from 2 to 3 months).The mean Cooney score for the wrist function was 97.7 (range,from 95 to 100) at the last follow-up,yielding an excellent rate of 100%.Conclusions The transverse line of the distal radius fracture is located between 1/4 and 1/2 of the distal PQ.The bony tunnel of PQ is wide enough.It is feasible to preserve the distal PQ muscle in the internal fixation of distal radius fractures of types 23-A,23-B and 23-C1,because it may lead to rapid recovery of the patients and satisfactory wrist function.

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