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Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 595-600, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940967


Acne is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the skin that often occurs on the face, and acne scars are often secondary to the healing process of acne, which often leads to impaired appearance and psychological disorders of patients. The current treatment for acne scars is extremely difficult. With the development of regenerative medicine, stem cell transplantation has become a new treatment for acne scars. In recent years, it has been reported that stem cells and their derivatives can effectively antagonize the formation of acne scars. Therefore, this paper briefly reviews the basic and clinical researches on the treatment of acne scars with various mesenchymal stem cells and their derivatives, aiming to provide theoretical basis and reference for the stem cell therapy of acne scars.

Acne Vulgaris/pathology , Cicatrix/pathology , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Skin/pathology , Stem Cell Transplantation
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 165-169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935991


Objective: To explore the clinical application value of two longitudes three transverses method in the location of the perforator of thoracodorsal artery perforator and deep wound repair. Methods: The retrospectively observational study was conducted. From December 2018 to June 2020, 17 patients with deep wounds who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University met the inclusion criteria and were included in this study, including 7 males and 10 females, aged 12 to 72 years. The wound areas of patients after debridement were 7 cm×3 cm to 11 cm×7 cm. Two longitudinal lines were located through the midpoint of the armpit, the posterior superior iliac spine, and the protruding point of the sacroiliac joint, and three transverse lines were located 5, 10, and 15 cm below the midpoint of the armpit between the two longitudinal lines, i.e. two longitudes three transverses method, resulting in two trapezoidal areas. And then the thoracodorsal artery perforators in two trapezoidal areas were explored by the portable Doppler blood flow detector. On this account, a single or lobulated free thoracodorsal artery perforator flap or flap that carrying partial latissimus dorsi muscle, with an area of 7 cm×4 cm to 12 cm×8 cm was designed and harvested to repair the wound. The donor sites were all closed by suturing directly. The number and location of thoracodorsal artery perforators, and the distance from the position where the first perforator (the perforator closest to the axillary apex) exits the muscle to the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi in preoperative localization and intraoperative exploration, the diameter of thoracodorsal artery perforator measured during operation, and the flap types were recorded. The survivals of flaps and appearances of donor sites were followed up. Results: The number and location of thoracodorsal artery perforators located before operation in each patient were consistent with the results of intraoperative exploration. A total of 42 perforators were found in two trapezoidal areas, with 2 or 3 perforators each patient. The perforators were all located in two trapezoid areas, and a stable perforator (the first perforator) was located and detected in the first trapezoidal area. There were averagely 1.47 perforators in the second trapezoidal area. The position where the first perforator exits the muscle was 2.1-3.1 cm away from the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi. The diameters of thoracodorsal artery perforators were 0.4-0.6 mm. In this group, 12 cases were repaired with single thoracodorsal artery perforator flap, 3 cases with lobulated thoracodorsal artery perforator flap, and 2 cases with thoracodorsal artery perforator flap carrying partial latissimus dorsi muscle. The patients were followed up for 6 to 16 months. All the 17 flaps survived with good elasticity, blood circulation, and soft texture. Only linear scar was left in the donor area. Conclusions: The two longitudes three transverses method is helpful to locate the perforator of thoracodorsal artery perforator flap. The method is simple and reliable. The thoracodorsal artery perforator flap designed and harvested based on this method has good clinical effects in repairing deep wound, with minimal donor site damage.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Arteries , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Perforator Flap , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 138-141, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257801


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of different ways in repairing scrotum of pigs with full-thickness burn on spermatogenesis of testis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty male Guizhou miniature pigs were divided into normal control (NC), natural-healing (NH), flap-repairing (FR), and skin-grafting (SG) groups according to the random number table, with 5 pigs in each group. Pigs in NC group were not subjected to any injury. Scrotum of pigs in the latter three groups were inflicted with full-thickness burn. Wounds in NH group healed naturally. Wounds in FR group were repaired with inguinal region flap, and those in SG group with full-thickness skin from lower abdomen. Appearance of scrotum in the latter three groups was observed right after injury, and three months post injury or surgery (PIM or PSM). Specimens of testes of pigs in the latter three groups were obtained in PIM or PSM 3 to detect apoptosis of spermatogenic cells with TUNEL, and bcl-2 protein expression with immunohistochemistry. The same indexes were observed and determined in pigs of NC group. Data were processed with one-way analysis of variance and LSD test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Scrotum of pigs in NC group had skin folds with contraction function. Scrotum of pigs became hard with a leathery appearance right after burn in the other three groups. In PIM or PSM 3, wounds of pigs in NH group healed with scar, and the testes were squeezed into inguinal region. Scrotal skin of pigs in FR group was thick with testes in the scrotum, and that of pigs in SG group was thin with testes in the scrotum. (2) Spermatogenic cells in each level in NC group were arranged regularly, with few apoptotic spermatocytes and spermatoblasts. In NH, FR, and SG groups, seminiferous epithelium was thinner with most of the spermatogenic cells showing apoptosis, and they were mainly spermatogonia and spermatocytes. Apoptotic index of spermatogenic cells in NH, FR, SG, and NC groups was respectively (46.3 ± 3.3)%, (40.9 ± 3.5)%, (20.6 ± 2.3)%, (7.5 ± 1.9)%, and the difference among them was statistically significant (F = 405.65, P < 0.01). There were significant statistical differences among the former three groups (with P values below 0.01). (3) bcl-2 protein expression in NH, FR, SG, and NC groups was respectively (52 ± 5)%, (53 ± 4)%, (64 ± 5)%, (75 ± 5)%, and the difference among them was statistically significant (F = 56.63, P < 0.01). There was no significant statistical difference in bcl-2 expression between NH group and FR group (P = 0.66), and it was lower in both groups as compared with SG group (with P values below 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Either scar healing, flap transplantation, or SG in repairing scrotum with full-thickness burn in pigs inhibits spermatogenesis, but repair with SG produces less deleterious effect on the testis.</p>

Animals , Apoptosis , Burns , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Male , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Methods , Scrotum , Wounds and Injuries , Metabolism , Skin Transplantation , Spermatogenesis , Swine
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 135-139, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238974


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of temperature on the expressions of c-kit and PI3K in spermatogonia cultured in vitro at 32 degrees C and 37 degrees C, and provide basic scientific data for the mechanism of spermatogenic impairment due to body temperature (37 degrees C).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Isolated spermatogenic cells were cultured in vitro at 32 degrees C and 37 degrees C, and their adherence, proliferation and morphologic changes were observed and recorded under the inverted phase contrast microscope. At 8 days, the spermatogonia were separated by Percoll density gradient centrifugation and the differential adhesion method. The expressions of c-kit and PI3K mRNA and proteins in the separated cells were detected by real time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively. The c-kit gene was sequenced to identify the occurrence of mutations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Adherence, division and proliferation of the cells were observed in both the 32 degrees C and 37 degrees C groups. The expressions of c-kit and PI3K mRNA and proteins in the spermatogonia were significantly higher in the 32 degrees C group than in the 37 degrees C group (P < 0.05). The 32 degrees C group showed no mutation of c-kit in exon 9, 11 and 13; the 37 degrees C group exhibited no mutation in exon 11 and 13, but possible insertion or deletion mutations in exon 9.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Culturing in vitro at 37 degrees C could inhibit the expression of proliferation- and differentiation-related genes in spermatogenic cells and lead to the mutation of the c-kit gene.</p>

Base Sequence , Cells, Cultured , Exons , Humans , Male , Mutation , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Genetics , Spermatogenesis , Genetics , Spermatogonia , Cell Biology , Temperature
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 318-322, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238958


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of different methods of scrotal reconstruction on the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells and expression of the bcl-2 protein in patients with third-degree scrotal burns.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty male and 24 female 2-month-old Guizhou mini-pigs were used in this study, the former equally randomized to groups I (normal control), II (natural healing), III (skin grafting) and IV (skin flap grafting). Ten months after the establishment of the model of third-degree burns, 6 male pigs from each group were paired with the female pigs and fed for 3 weeks. Then the female pigs were fed for another 4 months, followed by observation of their reproductivity. At 12 months, the bilateral testes were taken from the male pigs for detection of the apoptosis index of spermatogenic cells by TUNEL and determination of the expression of the bcl-2 protein by immunohistochemistry. The data obtained were subjected to single factor analysis of variance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The apoptosis indexes of spermatogenic cells were (7.07 +/- 3.5), (40.34 +/- 4.85), (15.14 +/- 1.36) and (39.29 +/- 5.73)% in groups I , II, III and IV, respectively, significantly higher in groups II , III and IV than in I (P<0.05), with statistically significant differences between group III and groups II and IV (P<0.05) but not between II and IV (P>0.05). The expression rates of the bcl-2 protein were (75.07 +/- 3.74), (54.93 +/- 4.03), (66.85 +/- 3.06) and (53.33 +/- 5.22)% in groups I, II, III, and IV, respectively, remarkably higher in I than in the other three (P<0.05), with significant differences between group III and groups II and IV (P<0.05) but not between II and IV (P>0.05). Pregnancies were found in all the female pigs of group I with 10.0 +/- 1.18 newborns and in 4 of group III with 9.92 +/- 1.31 newborns, but in none of groups II and IV, with significant differences between group I and the other three (P<0.05) as well as between group III and groups II and IV (P<0.05), but not between II and IV (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>All the three methods of reconstruction for the scrotum with third-degree burns can suppress spermatogenic function, increase the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells and decrease the expression of the bcl-2 protein, among which, skin grafting least affects spermatogenic function.</p>

Animals , Apoptosis , Burns , General Surgery , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Male , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Methods , Scrotum , Wounds and Injuries , Metabolism , General Surgery , Seminiferous Epithelium , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Skin Transplantation , Methods , Spermatogenesis , Swine , Swine, Miniature
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 210-214, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257855


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the biological characteristics of human keloid-derived stem cells (KDSC) in order to further research its role in keloid pathogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human keloid specimens were harvested to isolate and select KDSC by enzyme digestion and subculturing. Primary and (or) the third generation of KDSC were collected for identification of biological characteristics as follows. (1) After addition of mouse anti-human monoclonal fluorescent antibodies (CD29-PE, CD34-PE, CD44-FITC, CD90-FITC, CD45-PerCP), the expression of cell surface antigen phenotype (CD29, CD34, CD44, CD45, CD90) as well as cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry. (2) After addition of mouse anti-human cell keratin (CK19) monoclonal antibody and mouse anti-human vimentin monoclonal antibody, the expression level of CK19 and vimentin was respectively determined with immunocytochemical method. RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of Oct4. The multipotent differentiation capacity of the first generation KDSC was observed with osteogenic, chondrogenic and adipogenic nutrient media.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After being subcultured, the sizes of cells were similar, and the majority of them were spindle-shaped with disorderly arrangement. The cells highly expressed typical surface markers of mesenchymal stem cells (such as CD29, CD44, and CD90, etc.) with low expression of hematopoietic stem cell surface markers (such as CD34, CD45, etc.). 67.66% of cells were in G0/G1 phase, 26.24% of cells were in G2/M phase, and 6.11% of cells were in S phase. Vimentin was positively expressed in KDSC while CK19 was negatively expressed. The expression of Oct4 was also positive. After being cultured in inducing differentiation media, the cells could differentiate into osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and adipocytes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Stem cells existing in human keloid, which are similar to mesenchymal stem cells, may play an important role in keloid pathogenesis.</p>

Adolescent , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Child , Coculture Techniques , Female , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Humans , Keloid , Pathology , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Skin , Cell Biology , Stem Cells , Cell Biology