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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 418-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of 11 cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with t (14;19) (q32;q13) . Methods: The case data of 11 patients with CLL with t (14;19) (q32;q13) in the chromosome karyotype analysis results of the Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1, 2018, to July 30, 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: In all 11 patients, t (14;19) (q32;q13) involved IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, and most of them were accompanied by +12 or complex karyotype. An immunophenotypic score of 4-5 was found in 7 patients and 3 in 4 cases. We demonstrated that CLLs with t (14;19) (q32;q13) had a mutational pattern with recurrent mutations in NOTCH1 (3/7), FBXW7 (3/7), and KMT2D (2/7). The very-high-risk, high-risk, intermediate-risk, and low-risk groups consisted of 1, 1, 6, and 3 cases, respectively. Two patients died, 8 survived, and 2 were lost in follow-up. Four patients had disease progression or relapse during treatment. The median time to the first therapy was 1 month. Conclusion: t (14;19) (q32;q13), involving IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, is a rare recurrent cytogenetic abnormality in CLL, which is associated with a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 373-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984632

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the molecular features of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) . Methods: According to 2022 World Health Organization (WHO 2022) classification, 113 CMML patients and 840 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients from March 2016 to October 2021 were reclassified, and the clinical and molecular features of CMML patients were analyzed. Results: Among 113 CMML patients, 23 (20.4%) were re-diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), including 18 AML with NPM1 mutation, 3 AML with KMT2A rearrangement, and 2 AML with MECOM rearrangement. The remaining 90 patients met the WHO 2022 CMML criteria. In addition, 19 of 840 (2.3%) MDS patients met the WHO 2022 CMML criteria. At least one gene mutation was detected in 99% of CMML patients, and the median number of mutations was 4. The genes with mutation frequency ≥ 10% were: ASXL1 (48%), NRAS (34%), RUNX1 (33%), TET2 (28%), U2AF1 (23%), SRSF2 (21.1%), SETBP1 (20%), KRAS (17%), CBL (15.6%) and DNMT3A (11%). Paired analysis showed that SRSF2 was frequently co-mutated with ASXL1 (OR=4.129, 95% CI 1.481-11.510, Q=0.007) and TET2 (OR=5.276, 95% CI 1.979-14.065, Q=0.001). SRSF2 and TET2 frequently occurred in elderly (≥60 years) patients with myeloproliferative CMML (MP-CMML). U2AF1 mutations were often mutually exclusive with TET2 (OR=0.174, 95% CI 0.038-0.791, Q=0.024), and were common in younger (<60 years) patients with myelodysplastic CMML (MD-CMML). Compared with patients with absolute monocyte count (AMoC) ≥1×10(9)/L and <1×10(9)/L, the former had a higher median age of onset (60 years old vs 47 years old, P<0.001), white blood cell count (15.9×10(9)/L vs 4.4×10(9)/L, P<0.001), proportion of monocytes (21.5% vs 15%, P=0.001), and hemoglobin level (86 g/L vs 74 g/L, P=0.014). TET2 mutations (P=0.021) and SRSF2 mutations (P=0.011) were more common in patients with AMoC≥1×10(9)/L, whereas U2AF1 mutations (P<0.001) were more common in patients with AMoC<1×10(9)/L. There was no significant difference in the frequency of other gene mutations between the two groups. Conclusion: According to WHO 2022 classification, nearly 20% of CMML patients had AMoC<1×10(9)/L at the time of diagnosis, and MD-CMML and MP-CMML had different molecular features.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic/genetics , Prognosis , Splicing Factor U2AF/genetics , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 354-359, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical biological characteristics and prognosis of the patients with mixed phenotype acute leukemia with t(9;22)(q34;q11.2) and/or BCRABL1 (Ph MPAL).@*METHODS@#The morphological, immunological, cytogenetic, and molecular features of 33 in patients with Ph MPAL were retrospectively analyzed in our center from June 2002 to June 2016 according to the scoring proposal of European Group for the Classification of Acute Leukemia(EGIL )1998 and WHO 2008 criteria. All the cases were either treated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) induction regimen or combined chemotherapy regimens for both acute lymphoblastic and acute myeloid leukemia,part of which also received tyrosine kinase inhibitor(TKI) and 5 cases underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) after complete remission.@*RESULTS@#Ph MPAL occurred predominantly in male patients (ratio of M/F was 1.75∶1), and a high WBC counts at diagnosis; the WBC count was higher than 30×10/L in 25 patients( 75.8% ), and appeared higher than 100 ×10/L in 13 patients ( 39.4%). Among all the 33 PhMPAL patients, 32 (97.0%) had a myeloid / B-lymphoid (M/B) phenotype, and 1 case(3.0%) had a myeloid/ B-lymphoid/ T-lymphoid/ (M/B/T) phenotype. There was no patients displayed myeloid / T-lymphoid (M/T) or B-lymphoid/ T-lymphoid/ (B/T) phenotype. 19 of all cases(57.6%) met the diagnosis criteria of PhMPAL based on EGIL 1998 criteria, while the remaining 14 cases can be diagnosed as Ph MPAL by WHO 2008 classification,but excluded as PhMAPL by EGIL 1998.Karyotype analysis was successfully performed in 31 cases, and out of them 13 (41.9%) had a sole Ph chromosome, 10 (32.3%) had additional chromosome aberration and Ph chromosome was not found in 8 cases (25.8%) .In 31 patients the fusion gene BCR/ABL (P190、P210) was detected,including 17 (54.8%) cases with the p190 BCR/ABL transcript, 8 (25.8%) cases with the p210 BCR/ABL transcript, 4 (12.9%) expressing both transcripts and 2 (6.5%) without any one of these 2 transcripts. 24 out of 33 patients (77.4%) achieved complete remission after induction therapy. The median time achieving CR was 43(26-98)days. The CR rate of patients treated with and without imatinib after the first inducion treatment was 81.3% and 46.7%,respectively (P0.05). Within the 17 patients treated with imatinib at induction stage,2 of which became BCR/ABLnegative.At consolidation chemotherapy stage, 9 out of 16 patients became BCR/ABL negative, including 3 patients already subjected to HSCT. The median time reached to BCR/ABL negative was 2.87(1.13-9.20)months.@*CONCLUSION@#Ph MPAL is more common in male, and inclined to high WBC counts at diagnosis. Myeloid/B lymphoid phenotype is more common, and the prognosis of patients with PhMPAL is poor. Imatinib and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may improve survival of patients with PhMPAL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Acute Disease , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Leukemia , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 637-640, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771906

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical features and therapeutic efficacy in adult ALL patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1).@*METHODS@#The clinic data of 19 adult ALL patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1) in our hospital from Nov. 22, 2010 to Apr. 4, 2018 were collected. The clinical features,complete remission (CR) rate, overall survival (OS) rate and relapse-free survival (RFS) rate of patients received chemotherapy and chemotherapy+HSCT were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In all the 19 patients, the median age was 24 (14-66), median WBC count was 16.47×109 (1.8-170.34)/L, median Hb level was 98 (65-176) g/L, median Plt count was 50 (15-254)×109/L. Pre B-ALL were 17 cases (89.5%), and common B-ALL were 2 cases (10.5%). Patients received the induction therapy, the overall CR rate was 94.7%, one course CR rate was 94.7%, 4 year OS rate was 47.1% and RFS rate was 43.3%. The OS rate and RFS rate of patients received transplantation were slightly higher than those of patients not received transplantation (OS: 62.5% vs 36.7%) (P=0.188);RFS (62.5% vs 38.9%) (P=0.166).@*CONCLUSION@#Most adult ALL patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1) is Pre B-ALL by Immunophenotyping, as compared with the pediatric patients, the therapeutic efficacy for adult patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1) is worsen, therefore, stem cell transplantation is still acquired for better long term survival.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19 , Homeodomain Proteins , Genetics , Immunophenotyping , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Therapeutics , Recurrence , Remission Induction
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 683-687, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271936

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical and cytogenetic characteristics of high-level mixed-lineage leukaemia (MLL) gene amplification in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and cytogenetic data of 2 AML patients with high-level MLL amplification from January 2010 to August 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The two AML cases were in middle-aged population. They were diagnosed as FAB subtype M5b and M2a respectively. Both of them had complex karyotypes with the aberrations of chromosome 11. One case was confirmed as MLL-PTD involving exons 2-9 by RT-PCR and sequencing. The other case without MLL-PTD was further analyzed by CytoScan HD analysis. The CMA results showed partial gain of 11q accompanied with partial loss in 11q, deletion of regions in 3p, 3q, 4q, 5q, 7q, 8q, 10p, 10q, 12p and 18q, as well as gain of 4p.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The co-existence of -5/5q-, -7/7q- and highly complex karyotype may accelerate the poor prognosis. Thus how those cytogenetic abnormalities influencing the disease prognosis need to be further explored.</p>

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 761-765, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271923

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the cytogenetic abnormalitis in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL) patients with bone marrow involvement and their influence on prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Conventional karyotyping was performed on bone marrow specimens in 47 DLBCL patients with histologically confirmed bone marrow involvement(BMI). The karyotyping results of bone marrow, the characteristics and clinical effect of chromosomal abnormalities were analysed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 47 DLBCL cases with BMI, the chromosomal abnormalities were detected in 25(53%) cases. Among them, complex karyotype was more frequent, being noted in 19(40%) patients. The most frequently involved chromosomes were chromosome 1 and 18(both 26%), others were chromosome 3(23%), 6(19%), 7, 8 and 14(13%). Among all karyotype changes, the most common numerical aberrations, in decreasing order of incidence, were trisomy 3(13%), trisomy 5, trisomy 7, trisomy 12, trisomy 18 and loss of 21(6%,each), and the most predominant structural aberrations, in decreasing order of incidence, were 1q+(17%), 1p+, 6q-, 8q+, 14q+, 18p+, 18q+ and aberrations involving band 2p21-p23 (6%,each). The prognostic impact analysis of both clinical features and cytogenetic aberrations revealed that IPI≥3 (P=0.03) or the presence of chromosomal abnormalities (P=0.005) were significantly related with poor progression free survival(PFS), and IPI≥3 (P=0.024), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH)≥ three times of the upper limit of normal (P=0.027) and the presence of chromosomal abnormalities (P=0.001) predominantly related with poor overall survival(OS). In multivariate analysis, the presence of chromosomal abnormalities was the only independently adverse factor for PFS(P=0.037, HR 2.323) and OS(P=0.015, HR 2.833). The analysis of prognostic effects of specific chromosomal aberrations showed that patients with specific cytogenetic abnormalities of 1q+, 8q+, +12, 12q+, 18p+ and aberrations involving band 2p21-23 had significantly poor PFS, and patients with specific cytogenetic abnormalities of 1q+, +3, +5, +7, 8q+, +12, 12q+ and aberrations involving band 2p21-23 had significantly poor OS. When the above mentioned specific chromosomal aberrations were analyzed with clinical covariate, the presence of chromosomal aberration of 8q+ (P=0.022, HR 2.701) and IPI≥3 (P=0.043, HR 2.949) were independently poor prognostic factors for PFS, and 1q+ (P=0.032, HR 2.973) was the independently poor prognostic factor for OS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In DLBCL patients with BMI, the presence of chromosomal abnormalities is the only independently poor factor for PFS and OS, and among them, the specific cytogenetic aberrations of 8q+ or 1q+ have an independently poor prognostic impact on PFS or OS, respectively, which need to be further studied.</p>

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3143-3148, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275547

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Awake fiberoptic intubation (AFOI) is usually performed in the management of the predicted difficult airway. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of dexmedetomidine with midazolam (DM) and sufentanil with midazolam (SM) for sedation for awake fiberoptic nasotracheal intubation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty patients with limited mouth opening scheduled for AFOI were randomly assigned to two groups (n = 25 per group) by a computer-generated randomization schedule. All subjects received midazolam 0.02 mg/kg as premedication and airway topical anesthesia with a modified "spray-as-you-go" technique. Group DM received dexmedetomidine at a loading dose of 0.5 μg/kg over 10 min followed by a continuous infusion of 0.25 μg·kg-1·h-1, whereas Group SM received sufentanil at a loading dose of 0.2 μg/kg over 10 min followed by a continuous infusion of 0.1 μg·kg-1·h-1. As necessary, since the end of the administration of the loading dose of the study drug, an additional dose of midazolam 0.5 mg at 2-min intervals was given to achieve a modified Observers' Assessment of Alertness/Sedation of 2-3. The quality of intubation conditions and adverse events were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The scores of ease of the AFOI procedure, patient's reaction during AFOI, coughing severity, tolerance after intubation, recall of the procedure and discomfort during the procedure were comparable in both groups (z = 0.572, 0.664, 1.297, 0.467, 0.895, and 0.188, respectively, P > 0.05). Hypoxic episodes similarly occurred in the two groups, but the first partial pressure of end-tidal CO2after intubation was higher in Group SM than that in Group DM (45.2 ± 4.2 mmHg vs. 42.2 ± 4.3 mmHg, t = 2.495, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both dexmedetomidine and sufentanil are effective as an adjuvant for AFOI under airway topical anesthesia combined with midazolam sedation, but respiratory depression is still a potential risk in the sufentanil regimen.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Conscious Sedation , Methods , Dexmedetomidine , Therapeutic Uses , Double-Blind Method , Fiber Optic Technology , Methods , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Therapeutic Uses , Intubation, Intratracheal , Methods , Midazolam , Therapeutic Uses , Sufentanil , Therapeutic Uses , Wakefulness
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 300-305, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259595

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the incidence of karyotypes and gene mutations for elder acute myeloid leukemia and to explore the relationship between each other.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data and bone marrow samples of elder AML patients were collected. Karyotype and gene mutation (FLT3, NPM1, C-Kit, CEBPα, DNMT3A) test were performed, characteristics of karyotypes and gene mutations were analysed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of better risk karyotype was 16.6%, in which the incidences of t(15;17), t(8;21) and inv (16)/t(16;16) were 3.90%, 10.73%, and 1.95% respectively; the incidence of intermediate risk karyotype was 72.2%, in which the incidence of normal karyotype was 57.86%; the incidence of poor risk karyotype was 11.20%, in which the incidence of of MLL/11q23, complex karyotype and monosomal karyotype were 1.95%, 6.34%, 5.85% respectively; the incidences of FLT3, NPM1, C-Kit, CEBPα, DNMT3A mutation were 12.57%, 22.06%, 2.16%, 14.71%, 15.71% respectively. Compared with patients older than 60 years, patients with age of 55-60 years were with less complex karyotype (1.09% vs 10.62%)(P=0.003) and monosomal karyotype (2.17% vs 8.85%)(P=0.032), and more t(8;21)(17.39% vs 5.31%)(P=0.008) and inv (16)/t(16;16)(4.35% vs 0.00%)(P=0.045).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For older AML patients, great difference in the distribution of karyotyes was found between the patients older than 60 years and patients with age of 55-60 years, while no such characteristics was found for gene mutations. Good elucidation of karyotypes and gene mutations are key for the treatment of older acute myeloid leukemia patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Incidence , Karyotype , Karyotyping , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
9.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1186-1191, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237876

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore syndrome and treatment laws for treating diseases of the pulmonary system by establishing database based on clinical works by modern famous veteran doctors of Chinese medicine (CM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical experience and literature of medical records in clinical works by modern famous veteran doctors of CM were taken as data source. Database was established by fields and program design. On these bases, data mining methods such as frequency analysis, cluster analysis, factor analysis, and correlation laws were performed in syndrome and treatment laws for treating diseases of the pulmonary system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Established were database capable of literature searching, information statistics, data mining of modern famous veteran doctors of CM. A total of 34,414 data were input, including medical records and notes 28,045 items (81.49%) and clinical experience 6,369 items (18.51%). In medical records and notes, there were 14,048 items (50.09%) in male and 9,466 items (33.75%) in female, and the ratio of male to female was 1.48:1. There were 4,531 items (16.16%) with no marked gender in medical records or notes. Data mining such as correlation analysis, cluster analysis, factor analysis, correlation laws in more fields could be realized.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Medical records and notes were dominated in data collected in this paper. The prevalence of pulmonary diseases was obviously higher in males than in females. The trend of concentrated manifestations in related fields for pulmonary diseases could be surfed by this database. Diagnosis and treatment laws for treating diseases of the pulmonary system could be found by various adaptive data mining targeting different fields. Multi-variables of symptoms, syndromes, prescriptions, and herbal drugs could be data mined in large samples of clinical literatures.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Data Mining , Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Lung Diseases , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Veterans
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3767-3774, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236174

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To reveal interventions for chronic cyclosporine A nephrotoxicity (CCN) and provide new targets for further studies, we analyzed all relevant studies about interventions in renal cell apoptosis.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>We collected all relevant studies about interventions for cyclosporine A (CsA)-induced renal cell apoptosis in Medline (1966 to July 2010), Embase (1980 to July 2010) and ISI (1986 to July 2010), evaluated their quality, extracted data following PICOS principles and synthesized the data.</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>We included all relevant studies about interventions in CsA-induced renal cell apoptosis no limitation of research design and language) and excluded the duplicated articles, meeting abstracts and reviews without specific data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were three kinds of intervention, include anti-oxidant (sulfated polysaccharides, tea polyphenols, apigenin, curcumin, spirulina, etc), biologics (recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO), a murine pan-specific transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta-neutralizing monoclonal antibody1D11, cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP)-angiopoietin-1 and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) gene), and other drugs (spironolactone, rosiglitazone, pirfenidone and colchicine). These interventions significantly improved the CCN, renal cell apoptosis and renal dysfunction through intervening in four apoptotic pathways in animals or protected renal cells from apoptosis induced by CsA and increased cell survival through respectively four pathways in vitro.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There are three group interventions for CCN. Especially anti-oxidant drugs can significantly improve CCN, renal cell apoptosis and renal dysfunction. Many drugs can improve CCN through intervening in Fas/Fas ligand or mitochondrial pathway with sufficient evidences. Angiotensin II, nitric oxide (NO) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) pathways will be new targets for CCN.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Apoptosis , Chronic Disease , Cyclosporine , Immunosuppressive Agents , Kidney , Pathology , Mitochondria , Physiology , Nitric Oxide , Physiology , Signal Transduction , fas Receptor , Physiology
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 299-303, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235487

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the efficacy and prognosis of first-line autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma(MM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2005 to December 31, 2012, 60 patients with MM were enrolled. All patients received thalidomide or/and bortezomib-based induction therapy, then received high-dose melphalan (200 mg/m²) and autologous stem cell support to get a ≥ partial response (PR), and followed by thalidomide-dexamethasone (TD) ±bortezomib as consolidation or maintenance treatment. With the follow up to December 31, 2012, the overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS) and the prognostic factors, including ISS stage, response and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) data of cytogenetics were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>With a median follow up of 36.8 (12.0-102.5) months, the median OS and PFS estimate were not reached and 86.5 months, respectively. After transplantation, all (100%) patients received very good partial response (VGPR), and 34 (56.7%) patients achieved complete response (CR) after consolidation or maintenance treatment. The patients that achieved CR resulted in long term PFS (P=0.030), with no difference in OS (P=0.942). The univariate analysis showed that the abnormalities, including 13q14 deletion, 1q21 gain, IgH location and p53 deletion had the prognostic impacts. If the t(4;14) or p53 deletion was excluded, there would be no correlation between 13q14 deletion or 1q21 gain with PFS and OS. The patients with p53 deletion had a worst survival.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There has been significant improvement in the outcome for young MM patients by using ASCT and novel drugs. Cytogenetic abnormalities and response to therapy are the main factors affecting the survival of patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Chromosome Aberrations , Follow-Up Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Multiple Myeloma , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 830-833, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272105

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical and laboratory features of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(11;12)(p15;q13) translocation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two cases of AML with t(11;12)(p15;q13) translocation were reported and the related literatures were reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The diagnosis of AML-M3 was supported by morphological, cytochemical staining and electron microscope tests. A rare t(11;12)(p15;q13) translocation, but not classical t(15;17)(q22;q12) translocation and PML- RARα fusion gene, was detected in both cases. Both of the patients were refractory to differentiation induction therapy such as retinoic acid and arsenic trioxide.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>AML is a group of heterogeneous disease derived from hematopoietic stem cell. Cytogenetic characteristic is important for diagnosis, prognosis stratification and therapy selection. Because of the heterogeneity of clinical and molecular features, it is unsuitable to classify AML with t(11;12)(p15;q13) as AML with recurrent cytogenetic aberration. This group of disease may benefit from allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abnormal Karyotype , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Translocation, Genetic
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 844-850, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272102

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the heterogeneous subclones in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21) by quantitative multicolor- fluorescence in situ hybridization (QM-FISH), and to figure out whether there is putative ancestral relationship among different subclones.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bacterial artificial chromosomes (BAC) clones that contain the targeted genes including AML1, ETO, WT1, p27 and c-kit were searched in the data base UCSC Genome Bioinformatics. Multicolor FISH probes were prepared by linking fluorescein labeled dUTP or dCTP to targeted genes by nick translation. Bone marrow mononuclear cells from t (8;21) AML patients are dropped on to the wet surface of glass slides after hypotonic treatment and fixation. After hybridization, the fluorescence signals were captured by Zeiss fluorescence microscope. The copy number of AML1, ETO, WT1, p27, c- kit and the AML1-ETO fusion gene in AML1-ETO positive cells was counted. The cells with same signals were defined as a subclone. Various subclones were recorded and their proportions were calculated, and their evolutionary relationship was deduced. The subclones in matched primary and relapsed samples were compared, the evolution of dominant clones were figured out and the genomic abnormality that is associated with relapse and drug resistance were speculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In this study, 36 primary AML with t(8;21) cases and 1 relapsed case paired with the primary case were detected. In these 36 primary cases, 4 cases (11.1%) acquired additional AML1-ETO fusion signal, 3(8.3%) had additional AML1 signal, 4(11.1%) had additional ETO signal, 20(55.6%) had additional WT1 signal, 15(41.7%) had additional p27 signal and 14(38.9%) had additional c-kit signal. In addition, 10(27.8%) displayed AML1 signal deletion, and such an aberration represents statistic significance in male patients. It seems that male patients usually accompany AML1 signal deletion. Of 36 cases, 28(77.8 %) harbored at least 2 subclones (ranged from 2 to 10). According to the genetic signature of subclones, we can assemble a putative ancestral tree, and the genetic architecture is linear or branching. In particular, the clonal architecture of the relapsed sample exhibited significant clonal evolution compared to its paired sample at diagnosis, including proportion changes in dominant clone, subclone disappearance and appearance of new dominant clones.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Genomic abnormality is very diverse in t(8;21) AML. Subclones have linear or complex branching evolutionary histories, and clonal architecture is dynamic.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Translocation, Genetic
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 839-842, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323478

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To exploit the role of bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in cytogenetic evaluation of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The metaphase cytogenetics and BM interphase FISH were prospectively compared in 112 cases of de novo MDS. At the same time, comparison of BM and PB FISH was conducted in 56 cases.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The differences between metaphase cytogenetics and BM FISH were observed in 22 (54%) of 41 cases with clonal karyotypic abnormalities, most of differences were caused by the limitation of FISH probe panel which could not target all of the regions with aberrations. Only 6 (27%) of 22 differences were involved in our probe regions, the FISH results did not change their cytogenetic risk categories. BM FISH testing was abnormal in 15 (21%) of 71 cases with normal karyotypes, FISH testing was abnormal in 14/51 (27%) and 1/20 (5%) cases with fewer than 20 normal metaphases or more than 20 normal metaphases. Comparison of FISH results of PB and BM samples showed abnormal PB FISH results in 21 (72%) of 29 cases with abnormal BM FISH results, and in 1 (4%) of 27 cases with normal BM FISH results.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BM FISH should be used to MDS cases with fewer than 20 normal metaphases. Although PB FISH testing is limited by a relatively high false negative rate, it is a reasonable choice to cases with failure of BM aspiration.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Blood , Genetics , Prospective Studies
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1216-1220, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278403

ABSTRACT

The aim of study is to explore the characteristics of cytogenetics and molecular biology in patients with eosinophilia. Bone marrow samples from 79 cases of eosinophilia (AEoC ≥ 1.5×10(9)/L) were detected for PDGFRA/B and FGFR1 gene rearrangement by fluorescence in situ hybridization and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Forty-four samples were detected for T cell receptor (TCR) clonal rearrangement by PCR. The results showed that among 76 cases the FIP1L1/PDGFRA (F/P) fusion gene was detected in 19 cases, the CHIC2 deletion was detected in 19 cases, the PDGFRA rearrangement was detected in 4 cases, and no FIP1L1 rearrangement was detected. According to the 2008 WHO classification, diagnosis were revised as myeloid neoplasms with PDGFRA/B rearrangement in 20 (42%) of 48 patients and 5 (83%) of 6 patients with hypereosinophilia syndrome (HES) or chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL), respectively. The diagnosis in (17%) of 6 patients with CEL was revised as chronic eosinophilic leukemia, not otherwise as specified (CEL-NOS). Clonal cytogenetic abnormalities were detected in 1 case of CEL-NOS and 3 cases with PDGFRB rearrangement. Karyotypic abnormalities involved in chromosome 4q12 were not detected in all of the 21 cases with PDGFRA rearrangement. The clonal TCR gene rearrangement were detected in 33% (5/15), 40% (6/15), and 36% (5/14) cases with PDGFRA/B rearrangement, HES, or secondary eosinophilia, respectively. There was no statistical difference in incidence rate among 3 subgroups. It is concluded that PDGFRA/B rearrangement can be detected in many cases of HES or CEL. Interphase FISH and PCR testing can enhance the diagnostic rate of myeloid neoplasms with PDGFRA/B rearrangement.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Gene Rearrangement , Hypereosinophilic Syndrome , Genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Genetics , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1 , Genetics , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha , Genetics , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor beta , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , mRNA Cleavage and Polyadenylation Factors , Genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 619-622, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278356

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the karyotype stability in hematological malignancies patients before and after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and its prognostic significance of monitoring.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The karyotypes and clinical data of 21 patients with hematological malignancies at the initial diagnosis and at relapse after allo-HSCT were retrospectively reviewed. Chromosome analysis was performed by standard 24 h-cultured method and R banding.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Karyotypes at the initial diagnosis and at relapse after allo-HSCT were different in 11 patients (52.38%), including chromosome 1, 3, 6, 12, 17, 21. Numberical abnormalities and structural chromosomal abnormalities always occurs together. The median survival time of relapse of the patients with karyotype changes was significantly shorter than that of patients without a karyotype change (79 d vs 522 d, P = 0.027), and that of the patients with trisomy 6 was also significantly shorter than that of the patients without trisomy 6 (9 d vs 275 d, P = 0.005).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Karyotype changes after relapse are associated with the prognosis of allo-HSCT.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Hematologic Neoplasms , Genetics , General Surgery , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Karyotyping , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 441-445, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326914

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with various hematological malignancies harboring der(1;7)(q10;p10).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bone marrow samples were collected and undergone short-time unstimulated culture and R-banding, and karyotyped by conventional cytogenetic assay (CCA). Megalokaryocytes were detected by streptavidin-AKP (SAP). Retrospective analyses including the clinical and laboratory data were performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nineteen of the 21 patients were male. Most of the patients are of older age. Thirteen cases (61.9%) were der(1;7)(q10;p10) without additional aberrations, 8(38.1%) patients had additional aberrations. Sixteen out of the 18 cases (88.9%) who underwent SAP analysis had diminutive megalokaryocyte, and lymphoid megalokaryocyte was found in 10 cases (55.6%). The der(1;7) patients manifested poor response to treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The der(1;7) patients demonstrated distinct male predominance, older age at diagnosis, and some clinically distinctive features. These patients showed poor prognosis. The cytogenetic abnormality, i.e., der(1;7)(q10;p10), can be used as a prognostic indicator.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7 , Genetics , Hematologic Neoplasms , Genetics , Therapeutics , Laboratories , Recurrence , Translocation, Genetic , Genetics , Treatment Outcome
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 54-58, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244986

ABSTRACT

This study was to aimed investigate the influence of immunomagnetic sorting on detecting the genetic aberrations of multiple myeloma (MM) by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and to explore the detection method suitable to use in our country. The genetic aberrations of immunomagnetically sorted and unsorted bone marrow cells from the same MM patients were detected by interphase FISH and the detectable rate of genetic aberration was compared. The types of probes included 13 q14 (RB-1) and 14q32 (IGH). The 42 and 22 sorted and unsorted marrow samples from MM patients were detected by using 13q14 probe and 14q32 probes respectively, the results indicated that the 13q14 deletion was found in 9 of 42 (21.4%) unsorted marrow samples and in 25 of 42 (56.8%) CD138(+)-sorted marrow samples. The 13q32 rearrangement was found in 7 of 22 (31.8%) unsorted marrow samples and in 14 of 22(63.6%) CD138(+)-sorted marrow samples. Both of the difference was statistically significant (p = 0.001 and p = 0.035 respectively). Percentages of cytogenetic alterations detected in unsorted bone marrow cells correlated positively with percentage of plasma cells tested by bone marrow smears or flow cytometry. When percentage of plasma cells tested by bone marrow smears exceed 50%, or by flow cytometry exceed 10%, there was no difference between 2 methods. It is concluded that immunomagnetic sorting of CD138(+) cells increases the probability of detection of the 13q14 deletion and 14q32 rearrangement in bone marrow samples. The low detectable rate of genetic aberration in unsorted bone marrow cells is associated to the low percentage of plasma cells in bone marrow samples, higher percentage of plasma cells can partly overcome the shortage of unsorted detection method. When percentage of plasma cells tested by bone marrow smears exceed 50%, or by flow cytometry exceed 10%, there was no difference between 2 methods.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cytogenetic Analysis , Methods , Immunomagnetic Separation , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Methods , Multiple Myeloma , Diagnosis , Genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 217-220, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251989

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the incidence and clinical significance of chromosome 13q14 deletion in multiple myeloma (MM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bone marrow samples were collected from 132 newly diagnosed MM patients referred to our hospital. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (i-FISH) combined with magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) were performed on chromosome 13q14 (RB-1).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) i-FISH was used to investigate CD138-enriched bone marrow MM cells and revealed a 13q14 deletion rate of 51.5% (68/132), while conventional cytogenetic (CC) analysis revealed 13q deletions/monosomy 13 (Δ13) only of 5.0%(6/120). (2) Univariate analysis showed that 13q14 deletion rate by i-FISH > 25%, bone marrow plasma cells > 50%, ISS stage and β(2)-MG ≥ 5.5 mg/L were associated with shorter overall survival (OS). Multivariate analysis revealed that 13q14 deletion rate by i-FISH > 25% was an independent unfavorable factor (P = 0.042). (3) Patients treated with bortezomib had a much better response than those treated with traditional chemotherapy (P = 0.001). There was no significant difference in OS between patients received bortezomib with and without 13q14 deletion (P > 0.05), indicating that bortezomib could reverse the poor prognosis of 13q14 deletion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>(1) i-FISH followed CD138 cell sorting appears to be a highly sensitive method for detecting 13q14 deletion. (2) 13q14 deletion rate by i-FISH > 25% is an independent unfavorable factor. (3) Bortezomib could reverse the poor prognosis of 13q14 deletion.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Boronic Acids , Therapeutic Uses , Bortezomib , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13 , Flow Cytometry , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiple Myeloma , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Prognosis , Pyrazines , Therapeutic Uses
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 289-293, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353623

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the value of multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH) technique in the detection of the complex chromosomal aberrations (CCAs) and marker chromosomes in acute leukemia (AL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>M-FISH was performed in 11 AL patients with R-banding CCAs or marker chromosomes to define the unrecognized chromosomal aberrations and the constitution of marker chromosomes, and to identify small and cryptic translocations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 11 AL cases studied, 27 numerical and 41 structural chromosomal abnormalities were detected by conventional cytogenetics (CC), among which 3 chromosomal gains and 9 chromosomal losses as well as 12 structural abnormalities were confirmed by M-FISH, and another 15 chromosomal losses were revised by M-FISH as derivative chromosomes. M-FISH detected 3 additional chromosomal gains that were undetected by CC. The other 29 structural abnormalities including 17 marker chromosomes were characterized by M-FISH. A total of 33 structural abnormalities were detected by M-FISH, in which 6 were unreported before, i.e. t(5q-;16)(? q14;q24), der(9)(Y::9::Y::9), der(7) (7::8::9), ins(20;21), der(11) (11::21::20) and der(3)t(3p-;13)(3p-;q21), most of which resulted from unbalanced translocations. Almost all chromosomes were involved in CCAs, the more common ones were chromosome 17, 5, 7, 15, 11 in AML and 8, 9, 14, 22 in ALL.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combining M-FISH with CC can raise resolution of the latter, which justifies its clinical application for the detection of CCAs and marker chromosomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosome Aberrations , Cytogenetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Leukemia
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