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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 855-858, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822522

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the prevalence of multiple anxiety disorder of adolescents in Lushan, Sichuan and to provide the scientific reference for a long-term psychological intervention and rehabilitation for adolescents after earthquake.@*Methods@#In May 2016, 3 741 students were sampled in two middle schools and two high schools in Lushan county. Self-report questionnaice regarding exposure to earthquake, Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED), and negative life events questionnaire (ASLES) were administered to the subjects.@*Results@#The prevalence of anxiety symptoms of adolescents in Lushan, Sichuan was 42.3%, among which panic disorder was 36.3%; generalized anxiety was 29.5%, separation anxiety was 40.3%, social anxiety was 26.1%, school fear was 32.4%. Junior school students resported more symptoms of separation anxiety than high school students (χ2=33.09, P<0.01). The results of Logistic regression showed that girls (OR=2.34, 95%CI=2.00-2.74, P<0.01), high negative life events (OR=2.87, 95%CI=2.60-3.17, P<0.01), trapped in earthqnakes (OR=1.77, 95%CI=1.18-2.67, P<0.01), parents injured (OR=1.22, 95%CI=1.03-1.43, P=0.02), experienced extreme fear (OR=1.78, 95%CI=1.52-2.08, P<0.01) were associated with higher risk of anxiety disorder.@*Conclusion@#High prevalence of anxiety disorder among adolescent following disaster need to be alerted. Adolescents among female victim or those experienced extreme fear emotion or high frequencies of negative life events, need specific intervention.

2.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 20-23, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661541

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and comfort of oral polyethylene glycol at different time for painless colonoscopy preparation. Methods According to time of oral compound polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder, 173 painless colonoscopy patients were divided into group A, group B and group C. Patients in group A took 4 boxes of compound polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder for colonic preparation at 22:00 on day 1 before the check, the time of painless colonoscopy is 8:30 ~ 10:30. Group B patients took 1 box of compound polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder for colonic preparation at 20:00 on day 1 before the check and took 3 boxes at 5:00 am on check day, the time of painless colonoscopy is 10:30 ~ 12:30. Group C patients took 1 box of compound polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder for colonic preparation at 20:00 on day 1 before the check and took 3 boxes at 7:00 am on check day, the time of painless colonoscopy is 13:30 ~ 15:30. At last, we compare the colon cleanliness and comfort of patients among the three groups. Results There was no significant difference in instetinal cleanliness among the 3 groups (P > 0.05), but there was greatly significant difference in subjective tolerance among 3 groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion The 3 methods of having boxes of compound polyethylene glycol electrolyte power all have the satisfying effect for colonic preparation, but fractionated dose polyethylene glycol electrolyte power provides a better tolerance for bowel preparation of painless colonscopy.

3.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 20-23, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658622

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and comfort of oral polyethylene glycol at different time for painless colonoscopy preparation. Methods According to time of oral compound polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder, 173 painless colonoscopy patients were divided into group A, group B and group C. Patients in group A took 4 boxes of compound polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder for colonic preparation at 22:00 on day 1 before the check, the time of painless colonoscopy is 8:30 ~ 10:30. Group B patients took 1 box of compound polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder for colonic preparation at 20:00 on day 1 before the check and took 3 boxes at 5:00 am on check day, the time of painless colonoscopy is 10:30 ~ 12:30. Group C patients took 1 box of compound polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder for colonic preparation at 20:00 on day 1 before the check and took 3 boxes at 7:00 am on check day, the time of painless colonoscopy is 13:30 ~ 15:30. At last, we compare the colon cleanliness and comfort of patients among the three groups. Results There was no significant difference in instetinal cleanliness among the 3 groups (P > 0.05), but there was greatly significant difference in subjective tolerance among 3 groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion The 3 methods of having boxes of compound polyethylene glycol electrolyte power all have the satisfying effect for colonic preparation, but fractionated dose polyethylene glycol electrolyte power provides a better tolerance for bowel preparation of painless colonscopy.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636683

ABSTRACT

The abnormal expression of MUC15, a novel cell membrane-associated mucin, has been reported to predict poor survival in several cancers. The aim of the present study was to examine the expression of MUC15 in glioma and its correlation with clinicopathological features, including the survival of patients with glioma. The mRNA expression level of MUC15 was determined by RT-PCR, quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting in seven normal brain tissues and seven glioma tissues, respectively. The protein expression level of MUC15 was immunohistochemically detected in paraffin-embedded samples of 317 glioma tissues and 115 noncancerous brain tissues. The association of MUC15 expression levels with the clinicopathologic features and the prognosis was analyzed. The results showed that both mRNA and protein levels of MUC15 were significantly increased in glioma as compared with those in noncancerous brain tissue. Moreover, MUC15 overexpression was positively correlated with the advanced clinical stages of glioam patients (P<0.01). Furthermore, MUC15 expression levels were significantly correlated with the progression of glioma (P<0.001). Survival analysis indicated that glioma patients with higher MUC15 expression had a significantly shorter overall and 5-year survival time than those with low MUC15 expression. Multivariate analysis suggested that MUC15 overexpression was an independent factor for prognosis (hazard risk: 3.216; P=0.009). It was concluded that MUC15 is overexpressed in glioma tissues. Its overexpression correlates with tumor progression and it is a potentially unfavorable prognostic factor for patients with glioma.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351087

ABSTRACT

The abnormal expression of MUC15, a novel cell membrane-associated mucin, has been reported to predict poor survival in several cancers. The aim of the present study was to examine the expression of MUC15 in glioma and its correlation with clinicopathological features, including the survival of patients with glioma. The mRNA expression level of MUC15 was determined by RT-PCR, quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting in seven normal brain tissues and seven glioma tissues, respectively. The protein expression level of MUC15 was immunohistochemically detected in paraffin-embedded samples of 317 glioma tissues and 115 noncancerous brain tissues. The association of MUC15 expression levels with the clinicopathologic features and the prognosis was analyzed. The results showed that both mRNA and protein levels of MUC15 were significantly increased in glioma as compared with those in noncancerous brain tissue. Moreover, MUC15 overexpression was positively correlated with the advanced clinical stages of glioam patients (P<0.01). Furthermore, MUC15 expression levels were significantly correlated with the progression of glioma (P<0.001). Survival analysis indicated that glioma patients with higher MUC15 expression had a significantly shorter overall and 5-year survival time than those with low MUC15 expression. Multivariate analysis suggested that MUC15 overexpression was an independent factor for prognosis (hazard risk: 3.216; P=0.009). It was concluded that MUC15 is overexpressed in glioma tissues. Its overexpression correlates with tumor progression and it is a potentially unfavorable prognostic factor for patients with glioma.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor , Brain Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Glioma , Genetics , Pathology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mucins , Genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-683524

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes in the glutamate transporter EEAC1 mRNA expression and the injured nerve cell apoptosis after rat cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury is treated with mild hypothermia. Methods The middle cerebral arteries(MCA)of Sprague-Dawley rats were occluded for 30 minutes,and reper- fused for 90 minutes.Using DIG-labeled CRNA probe and TUNEL,the positive rate of glutamate transporter EE- AC1 mRNA expression and apoptotic cell rate were determined in the sham-operated group,the control group and the mild hypothermia group,respectively.Results The positive rate of EEAC1 mRNA expression and apoptotic cell rate were significantly lower in sham-operated group than those in the control group(P

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682938

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of mild hypothermia ( MH ) on the expression of my- eloperoxidase(MPO) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX 2) in rats after cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (CIR). Methods Forty-eight Wistar rats were randomly divided into four control groups (n=6 in each) and four MH groups (n=6 in each).CIR models were established by suture occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery.The rats in the MH groups,but not in the control groups,were treated with MH.Rats were killed at 4 h,8 h,12 h and 16 h after CIR.MPO expression was measured,along with the expression of COX 2 as measured by Western blot- ting and immunohistochemical methods.Results Compared with the control groups,MPO activity and the COX 2 expression in the cortex and striatum were significantly lower in all the MH groups at 4 h,8 h,12 h and 16 h after CIR.Conclusion MH treatment can protect neurons by decreasing MPO activity and COX 2 expression,allevia- ting inflammation and reducing secondary injuries after CIR.

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