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1.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 257-261, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical pathologic characteristics of β-catenin, Ki67 and Her-2/neu in gastric cancer and the correlation of β-catenin and Ki67 to the protein expression and gene conditions of Her-2/Neu.@*METHODS@#The protein expression of β-catenin, Ki67 and Her-2/Neu was detected by immunohistochemistry in 101 cases of gastric cancer and the gene conditions of Her-2/Neu by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).@*RESULTS@#The protein expression of β-catenin, Ki67 and Her-2/Neu had close relationship with the clinical pathologic characteristics of gastric cancer. The β-catenin and Ki67 had obvious correlation to the differentiation, infiltration and lymphatic metastasis of the gastric cancer (P<0.05). The Ki67 had close relationship with the tumor-node-metastasis staging staging of gastric cancer (P<0.05). Her-2/Neu had close relationship with the differentiation and tumor-node-metastasis staging of gastric cancer (P<0.05) but had no relationship with the infiltration and lymphatic metastasis of the gastric cancer (P<0.05). The protein expression of Ki67 had significantly positive correlation to the protein expression and gene amplification conditions of Her-2/Neu (r=0.567, P<0.05 for protein; r=0.304, P<0.05 for gene).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Combined detection of β-catenin, Ki67 and Her-2/Neu can be used as a reliable method to help the observation of biological behavior, diagnosis and prognosis of gastric cancer, and Ki67 can be used to serve the preliminary screening of Her-2/Neu gene state.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Ki-67 Antigen , Blood , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Stomach Neoplasms , Blood , beta Catenin , Blood
2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 335-339, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246687

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether quantifiable changes in serum levels of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) in response to 24 weeks of pegylated-interferon alfa-2a (Peg-IFN-a 2a) treatment are predictive of therapeutic efficacy at 48 weeks of treatment in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients and to investigate the efficacy of using an individualized antiviral treatment strategy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety-six HBeAg-positive CHB patients with detectable HBeAg at week 24 of Peg-IFN-a 2a treatment were categorized according to the quantitative change in HBeAg (vs. pre-treatment baseline): group A, HBeAg decline more than 2 log; group B, HBeAg decline between 1 - 2 log; group C, HBeAg decline less than 1 log, which was then randomly divided into two sub-groups: C1 and C2. Group A, B, and C1 patients continued the original therapy for an additional 24 weeks, while group C2 patients were supplemented with lamivudine (3TC + Peg-IFN-a 2a) for the additional 24 weeks of treatment. All patients underwent liver biopsy at the end of treatment (week 48), and HBV covalently-closed circular (ccc)DNA was quantified as a measure of therapeutic efficacy. A, B, and C1 between-group multiple comparisons were made by the Nemenyi test; C1 and C2 between-group comparison was made by the Mann-Whitney U test. The significance of between-group differences in decreased HBV cccDNA vs. HBeAg/anti-HBe seroconversion was made by the Chi-squared test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At week 48, the mean decrease of serum HBV cccDNA in each group was: A, 5.8 log10 copy/ml; B, 3.8 log10 copy/ml; C1, 2.8 log10 copy/ml; C2, 5.7 log10 copy/ml. Statistically significant differences were observed for group A vs. B and C1 (P less than 0.01) and C1 vs. C2 (P less than 0.01); however, the difference between group B and C1 did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.19). The mean decrease of HBeAg in each group was: A, 2.7 log10 S/CO; B, 1.9 log10 S/CO; C1, 0.9 log10 S/CO; C2, 1.6 log10 S/CO. Statistically significant differences were observed for group A vs. B and C1 (P less than 0.01) and C1 vs. C2 (P less than 0.01). The rate of patients who achieved undetectable HBV DNA in each group was: A, 87.5%; B, 34.5%; C1, 17.4%; C2, 85.0%. Statistically significant differences were observed for group A vs. B and C1 (P less than 0.01) and C1 vs. C2 (P less than 0.01). The HBeAg seroconversion rates were: A, 75.0%; B, 24.1%; C1, 13.0%; C2, 25.0%. Statistically significant differences were observed only for group A vs. B and C1 (P less than 0.01). Finally, group A achieved greater reduction in levels of cccDNA in liver tissues than B or C1 (P less than 0.01); however, the differences between B and C1 and between C1 and C2 did not reach statistical significance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CHB patients who showed an HBeAg decline of more than 2 log at week 24 of Peg-IFN-a 2a treatment had better treatment outcome at week 48 than those who showed HBeAg decline less than 2 log at week 24. Augmenting the Peg-IFN-a 2a treatment with 3TC can improve the clinical response. A change of quantifiable HBeAg at week 24 of Peg-IFN-a 2a treatment may be a useful predictor of therapeutic efficacy of a 48-week antiviral regimen.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Blood , Drug Therapy , Interferon-alpha , Therapeutic Uses , Lamivudine , Therapeutic Uses , Polyethylene Glycols , Therapeutic Uses , Recombinant Proteins , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 108-111, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239296

ABSTRACT

To analyze the characteristics of serum sodium in decompensated cirrhosis and evaluate the prognostic ability of the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) in Na-containing models. Patients diagnosed with decompensated cirrhosis at our hospital were enrolled for study between June 2005 and October 2010. Patients were classified among three groups, according to serum sodium concentration: less than 125 mmol/L, 125 to 135 mmol/L, and more than 135 mmol/L. Mortality rates among the three groups were compared by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. In addition, the different serum sodium concentrations were analyzed for correlations between Child-Pugh score and complication incidence rates of portal hypertension. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) was used to compare the predictive abilities of MELD, MELD-Na, and the integrated (i) MELD scores for 3-month, 6-month and 1-year mortalities. A total of 467 patients were analyzed, and 50.54% had hyponatremia ( less than 135 mmol/L). Sodium concentration was correlated with mortality, and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that mortality was significantly higher in each subgroup with lower sodium concentration (all, P = 0.000). Likewise, sodium concentration decreased in conjunction with increased severity of decompensation, as classified by Child-Pugh scoring (sodium: A more than B more than C; mortality: A less than B less than C). With the exception of digestive tract bleeding, complication incidence rates of hepatic encephalopathy, ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome increased when sodium concentration decreased. For predicting 3-month mortality, the AUC scores of MELD were not significantly different from the MELD-Na and iMELD scores (P more than 0.05). For predicting 6-month and 1-year mortality, the AUC scores of MELD-Na and iMELD were significantly higher than those of MELD (P less than 0.05). Hyponatremia is correlated with mortality and complications in decompensated cirrhosis patients. Incorporation of Na into the MELD may enhance it's prognostic ability.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , End Stage Liver Disease , Liver Cirrhosis , Blood , Liver Failure , Diagnosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Serum , Chemistry , Severity of Illness Index , Sodium , Blood
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 347-350, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329308

ABSTRACT

According to international medical information standard and Chinese healthcare management criterion,this paper study EMR features which focus on standard documents exchange and sharing.Tele Regional Healthcare Platform is established by EMR in order to realize medical resource sharing between big hospital in the situation of China, one solution is offered to stave difficulty and high expense of medical service in countryside.


Subject(s)
Computer Communication Networks , Medical Records Systems, Computerized , Software Design , Telemedicine , Methods
5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 263-265, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310114

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of portal hypertension on prognosis in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of decompensated cirrhosis patients in our hospital, between 2003 and 2006, were retrospected and followed up. Model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score and Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) classification was calculated using the standard formula. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the mortality in subgroups ranked by the syndromes. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to evaluate the effect of the syndromes on prognosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A cohort of 322 patients was admitted in this study at the end of the follow-up. The mortality of variceal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy, a large volume ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, the type I and type II hepatorenal syndrome was 45.9%, 79.4%, 66.7%, 100%, 100% and 84.6% respectively. On the whole, the occurrence of all the syndromes was correlated with CTP classification and MELD score. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that all of these syndromes, except for low to medium volume of ascites, significantly affected the survival rate (P<0.01). In Cox regression analysis, all the syndromes were the independent predictors of prognosis, the regression coefficient values of hepatic encephalopathy, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, type I and type II hepatorenal syndrome, variceal bleeding and ascites were 0.973, 0.928, 0.935, 0.866, 0.464 and 0.369 respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The portal hypertensive syndromes have significant effect on the prognosis of the patients with decompensated cirrhosis, hepatic encephalopathy is the worst one.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Epidemiology , Hepatic Encephalopathy , Epidemiology , Hepatorenal Syndrome , Epidemiology , Hypertension, Portal , Epidemiology , Liver Cirrhosis , Mortality , Pathology , Models, Statistical , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Analysis
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1209-1213, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292739

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Hepatic fibrosis is the key stage of the pathological progress from hepatic injury to cirrhosis. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has been known as having significant clinical therapeutic effects on chronic liver diseases. Our research aimed to study the effect of UDCA on the signaling pathway of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1)/Smad and discuss its possible molecular mechanisms of inhibiting hepatic fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat hepatic stellate cells were cultured in vitro and randomly assigned to 4 groups. Group A was control group, with only DMEM culture medium applied, and groups B, C, D were experimental groups, with different doses of UDCA (1.0 mmol/L, 0.5 mmol/L and 0.25 mmol/L respectively) added into their DMEM culture medium for further culture of 24 hours and 48 hours. The protein expressions of TGFbeta1, TGF type I receptor, Smad3, Smad4 and Smad7 were measured by Western blotting, as well as the expressions of TGFbeta1, Smad3, Smad7 and cAMP response element (CREB) binding protein (CBP) mRNA by real-time PCR. SPSS 11.5 statistical package was adopted for data analyses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with control group, the mRNA expressions of TGFbeta1 in the high and middle UDCA dose groups for 24 hours and 48 hours significantly decreased (P < 0.05), the protein expressions of TGFbeta1 in the two above groups for 48 hours and in the high dose group for 24 hours significantly decreased (P < 0.05). The protein and mRNA expressions of Smad3 in each UDCA dose group for 24 hours and 48 hours significantly decreased, with significant difference among different UDCA dose groups and between that of 24 hours and 48 hours observed (P < 0.05). The protein and mRNA expressions of Smad7 in the high and middle UDCA dose groups for 24 hours and 48 hours significantly increased. The CBP mRNA expression in each UDCA dose group for 24 hours and 48 hours significantly decreased (P < 0.05), with significant difference among different UDCA dose groups observed (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>UDCA could curb the development of hepatic fibrosis through affecting the signaling pathway of TGFbeta1/Smad by inhibiting the expressions of TGFbeta1, Smad3 and CBP and increasing the expression of Smad7.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Blotting, Western , Cells, Cultured , Cholagogues and Choleretics , Pharmacology , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Genetics , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Metabolism , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Smad Proteins , Metabolism , Smad3 Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Smad4 Protein , Metabolism , Smad7 Protein , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism , Ursodeoxycholic Acid , Pharmacology
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1707-1711, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293930

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Sodium 4-phenylbutanoate (NaPB) can induce cellular differentiation and cell cycle arrest. However, its potential anticancer properties in hepatocellular carcinoma and influence on normal liver cell are still unclear. We observed the effects of NaPB on growth inhibition, including differentiation and phase growth arrest in normal liver cell line L-02 and hepatocellular carcinoma cell line Bel-7402. Furthermore, we investigated its mechanism in Bel-7402. METHODS; Hepatocellular carcinoma cells Bel-7402 and normal liver cell line L-02 were treated with NaPB at different concentrations. Light microscopy was used to find morphological change in cells. Cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. Expression of acetylating histone H4 and of histones deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) were determined by Western blot. The expression of P21WAF1/CIP1 and E-cadherin were observed through immunocytochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>NaPB treatment led to time dependent growth inhibition in hepatocellular carcinoma cells Bel-7402. NaPB treatment caused a significant decline in the fraction of S phase cells and a significant increase in G0/G1 cells. NaPB increased the expression of P21(WAF1/CIP1) and E-cadherin in Bel-7402 and significantly decreased the level of HDAC4 in Bel-7402. NaPB significantly improved the level of acetylating histone H4. The normal liver cell line L-02 showed no distinct changes under treatment with NaPB.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NaPB inhibited the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma cells Bel-7402 and induced partial differentiation through enhancing the acetylating histones. In Bel-7402, the expressions of P21(WAF1/CIP1) and E-cadherin may be related to level of acetylating histones and inhibition of cellular growth. NaPB showed no significant effect on normal liver cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Blotting, Western , Cadherins , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Enzyme Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Phenylbutyrates , Pharmacology
8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 245-248, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230631

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb) on hepatic microcirculation and portal hypertension in CCl4 treated rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-five male Wistar rats were divided into a blank, a CCl4 treated and a CCl4 plus EGb treated group, and all were treated for 10 weeks. The free portal vein pressures were measured through catheterizations. Hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells and other parameters of hepatic microcirculation were studied with transmission electron microscopy. The amounts of malondialdehyde (MDA), endothelin (ET-1), platelet-activating factor (PAF), nitric oxide (NO), cNOS and iNOS in the liver tissues were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The portal vein pressure of the CCl4 plus EGb treated group was (7.4 +/- 0.6) mm Hg while the pressure of the CCl4 treated group was (8.7 +/- 0.8) mm Hg. Aggregation of blood cells or microthrombosis in hepatic sinusoids, deposition of collagen in hepatic sinusoids and spaces of Disse, injury of endothelial cells and capillarization of hepatic sinusoid were significantly milder in the EGb group. The amounts of MDA, ET-1, PAF, NO and iNOS were markedly lower in the CCl4 plus EGb treated group than in the CCl4 treated group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results demonstrated that EGb can decrease the portal vein pressure and improve hepatic microcirculation in CCl4 treated rats. The mechanisms of this effect may involve its inhibition on ET-1, PAF, lipid peroxidation, and down regulation of the hepatic iNOS and NO expressions.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ginkgo biloba , Hepatic Veins , Pathology , Hypertension, Portal , Drug Therapy , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Microcirculation , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Rats, Wistar
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