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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880524

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To describe and analyze the status quo of cardiovascular clinical practice guidelines or expert consensuses including both Chinese medicine (CM) and integrative medicine, through systematic literatures searching and quality assessment.@*METHODS@#Data bases including Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, China Science and Technology Journal Database were searched for published CM or integrative cardiovascular clinical practice guidelines or expert consensuses. The website www. medlive.cn was also retrieved as supplementary. The clinical practice evaluation tool AGREE II was used to assess the quality of included guidelines or consensuses.@*RESULTS@#A total of 31 relevant clinical practice guidelines or expert consensuses were included, covering diagnosis, treatment, Chinese patent and patient fields. Common cardiovascular diseases like coronary heart diseases, heart failure and arrhythmia were also involved. Through analysis it was found that both the quantity and quality of included guidelines have been improved year by year. A total of 4 evidence-based clinical practice guideline has been found, one of which was a guideline project plan. Except that, the remaining 27 reports were all consensus-based guidelines. The scores of each field, from highest to lowest, were clarity of presentation (58%), scope and purpose (54%), stakeholder involvement (28%), rigor of development (21%), applicability (13%) and editorial independence (8%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although clinical practice guidelines in cardiovascular domain of Chinese have gained increasing concern, with both quantity and quality improved, there is still huge gap in methodology and reporting standards between CM guidelines and international ones. On the one hand, it is essential to improve and standardize the methodology of developing CM guidelines. On the other hands, the evaluation system of evidence and recommendation with CM characters should be developed urgently.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698724

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is an important indicator of human energy metabolism, and low BMR leads to the dysfunction of liver and kidney. Low BMR is usually found in patients with hip fractures, but there is a lack of study on the relationship between mortality of hip fracture and low BMR. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of low BMR on the 1-year mortality in older adults with hip fractures. METHODS: Totally 507 patients with hip fractures aged more than 60 years from January 2014 to March 2016 were included in this retrospective study. Age, sex, surgery or not, surgical pathway, duration from injury to surgery, hospitalized pulmonary infection, number and kind of comorbidities, and 1-year mortality were recorded. BMR on admission was recorded, and multiple Logistic regression analysis was applied. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: All patients were followed up for 13-15 months, and the 1-year mortality was 13.41% (68/507). The mortality in the low BMR group was significantly higher than that in the non-low BMR group (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that older age, conventional treatment, number of combined medical diseases, hospitalized pulmonary infection, and low BMR are risk factors for 1-year mortality in older adults with hip fracture. These results imply that low BMR is strongly associated with 1-year mortality in older adults with hip fracture. BMR can reflect the nutritional status, neuroendocrine, cellular and energy metabolism. Thereafter, for older adults with hip fractures and low BMI, nutrition therapy, re-warming, and endocrine therapy may help reduce the trauma-induced mortality.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259833

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of admission blood urea and creatinine levels on mortality in elderly patients with hip fracture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Form January 2013 to December 2014, 767 elder patients with hip fracture were treated in our hospital including 253 males and 514 females, aged from 65 to 96 years old with an average of(75.67±6.81) years old. According blood urea and creatinine levels, the 767 hip fracture patients were divided into four groups as follow: group A(blood urea>=5 mmol/L, creatinine>=70 μmol/L); group B (blood urea>=5 mmol/L, creatinine<70 μmol/L); group C (blood urea<5 mmol/L, creatinine>=70 μmol/L); group D(blood urea<5 mmol/L, creatinine<70 μmol/L). In group A, there were 211 patients including 70 males and 141 females, aged from 65 to 95 years old with an average of(80.24±6.51) years old; in group B, there were 355 patients including 125 males and 230 females, aged from 65 to 93 years old with an average of(78.46±7.09) years old; in group C, there were 36 patients including 11 males and 25 females, aged from 65 to 95 years old with an average of (77.83±6.78) years old; in group D, there were 165 patients including 47 males and 118 females, aged from 65 to 96 years old with an average of (76.71±8.35) years old. The survivals and dead patients in four groups were collected and in-hospital mortality rate, 3-month, 12-month and 18-month mortality rate of patients were calculated. COX regression analysis was performed on these data, and clinical significance of serum urea and creatinine at admission in the elderly patients was researched.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 767 hip fracture patients were followed up from 18 to 24 months with an average of (21.33±1.25) months, 159 patients were died in follow up period. The in-hospital mortality rate in 3-month, 12-month and 18-month mortality rate of the patients with high blood urea and high blood creatinine (urea>=5 mmol/L, creatinine>=70 μmol/L) were 2.37%, 9.95%, 16.11% and 26.07%, and were higher than other three groups respectively. COX regression analysis revealed that the independent predictors effecting the mortality rate included age [=0.000, OR=1.375, 95%CI(1.155, 1.637)], blood urea at admission [=0.000, OR=1.375, 95%CI(1.155, 1.637)], and blood creatinine at admission[=0.037, OR=1.213, 95%CI(1.121, 1.484)].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Elderly hip fracture patients with high serum urea and high serum creatinine at admission indicate higher fatality rate. Age, serum urea and serum creatinine at admission were independent predictors of fatality rate of elderly hip fracture patients.</p>

4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 762-765, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262950

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on the proliferation and differentiation of bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells were isolated from bone marrow of chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) patients and were treated with 0, 10, 100, 1000 ng/ml of G-CSF for 48, 96, 144 hs. CD34 cells from normal bone marrow were used as controls. Cell proliferation was determined by trypan blue dye exclusion, cell-cycle and antigen differentiation were determined by flow cytometry and cell morphology was observed under light microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The number of bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells was increased obviously in all groups. After cultured for 48 and 96 h, the number of bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells at G-CSF 10 ng/ml group was significantly higher than that in G-CSF 0 ng/ml group (P < 0.05) , the number of normal CD34 cells was increased only in the presence of G-CSF. After cultured for 48, 96 and 144 h, the cell number in G-CSF 100 ng/ml group was significantly higher than that in G-CSF 0 ng/ml group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, P < 0.01, respectively). After cultured for 144 h, the cell percentages in G0/G1 phase for bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells in G-CSF 10, 100, 1000 ng/ml groups were significantly less than that in G-CSF 0 ng/ml group (P < 0. 05), and that for normal CD34 cells in G-CSF 10, 100, 1000 ng/ml groups were significantly less than that of G-CSF 0 ng/ml group after cultured for 48 and 96 h. The expressions of CD34 on bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells and normal CD34+ cells were decreased along with the culture duration, accompanied by the expression of CD33 and CD13 increased first and decreased later, which was not correlated with the concentration of G-CSF. Both bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells and normal CD34+ cells showed mature morphology along with proliferation and differentiation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>G-CSF promotes proliferation of both bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells and normal CD34+ cells, but not necessary for the former, and the former differentiates more rapidly than the latter does, but both was independent of G-CSF.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Female , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Metabolism , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Pharmacology , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Monocytes , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Tumor Cells, Cultured
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281567

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of STI571, arsenic trioxide (As2O3) and Velcade, used alone or in combination, on the proliferation and apoptosis of bcr/abl+-CD34+ cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>bcr/abl+-CD34+ cells isolated from the bone marrow of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) were treated for 96 h with STI571, As2O3 and Velcade either alone and in combination, and the cell proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry. The morphological changes of the apoptotic cells were observed by Hoechst33342 staining and fluorescent microscope. The inhibitory effects of the drugs on normal CD34+ cells were also observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Low-concentration STI571, As2O3 or Velcade all dose-dependently inhibited bcr/abl+-CD34+ cell proliferation without obvious apoptosis-inducing effects. STI571 at 0.25-2 micromol/L combined with As2O3 at 2.5 micromol/L and with Velcade at 15 nmol/L both significantly increased the cell inhibition and apoptosis rates, showing obvious additive or synergistic effects of the drugs without further enhancement of normal CD34+ cell inhibition.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combination with STI571 enhances the effects of As2O3 and Velcade on bcr/abl+-CD34+ cells, suggesting the potential clinical value of this regimen.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Apoptosis , Arsenicals , Pharmacology , Benzamides , Boronic Acids , Pharmacology , Bortezomib , Cell Proliferation , Drug Synergism , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Pathology , Middle Aged , Oxides , Pharmacology , Piperazines , Pharmacology , Pyrazines , Pharmacology , Pyrimidines , Pharmacology , Tumor Cells, Cultured
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