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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 125-129, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230983

ABSTRACT

This study was to investigate the effect of vinegar processing on esculentosides in n-BuOH fraction and the contents of the main toxic components esculentoside B (EsB) and esculentoside C (EsC) in Phytolaccae Radix pieces. n-BuOH fraction of Phytolaccae Radix pieces was processed with vinegar according to the processing method in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. HPLC-MS-MS was adopted to analyze the esculentosides composition changes in n-BuOH fraction before and after vinegar processing. HPLC-ELSD was used to detect EsC and EsB contents in raw and vinegar processed Phytolaccae Radix pieces, and investigate the content changes before and after vinegar processing. Results showed that the esculentosides contents in n-BuOH fraction were significantly decreased except esculentoside A (EsA); there were significant changes in saponins compositions, but no new compounds were generated in n-BuOH fraction after vinegar processing. The contents of EsC and EsB were 0.12% and 0.20% respectively in raw Phytolaccae Radix, and decreased to 0.048% and 0.094% accordingly after vinegar processing. It showed that vinegar processing could significantly change the composition of esculentosides in n-BuOH fraction from Phytolaccae Radix and reduce the contents of toxic components EsC and EsB, indicating the scientificity of vinegar processing for Phytolaccae Radix.

2.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 10-14, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694130

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluated the safety and feasibility of excimer laser atherectomy (ELA) combined with drug-eluting balloon angioplasty in treating chronic ischemia of lower limbs.Methods ELA combined with paclitaxel-eluting balloon angioplasty was adopted to treat chronic ischemia of lower limbs caused by arteriosclerosis occlusive disease of lower extremity in three patients.All three patients had arteriosclerosis occlusive disease of superficial femoral artery;in two of them the disease was primary occlusive lesion and in another patient the disease was in-stent re-occlusion lesion after sten implantation.Results After the treatment,the blood flow in the diseased arteries was unobstructed,the blood supply of the lower limbs was obviously improved.No procedure-related complications occurred.Two weeks after the treatment,no recurrence of ischemic symptoms was observed,the blood flow in superficial femoral artery kept unobstructed.The patients recovered smoothly.Conclusion For the treatment of chronic ischemia of lower limbs,which are caused by the primary arteriosclerosis occlusive disease of lower extremity or by the in-stent re-occlusion lesion after sten implantation,ELA combined with paclitaxel-eluting balloon angioplasty is clinically safe and feasible,although its long-term effect needs to be clarified with more studies.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1087-1092, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237759

ABSTRACT

This study was to investigate the mechanism of gingerols antagonizing the inflammatory effect of toxic raphides from Pinella pedatisecta. Mice peritonitis models induced by toxic raphides from P. pedatisecta were applied to observe the effect of gingerols on inflammatory mediators PGE2 in the exudates of abdominal inflammation in mice; rats peritoneal macrophage in vitro culture models were adopted to study the anti-inflammatory effects of gingerol against toxic raphides, with TNF-α and IL-1β in supernatant as indexes. Scanning electron microscopy was used to observe the changes in surface morphology of macrophages treated by raphides and gingerols. Macrophages-neutrophils co-cultured models were used to study the antagonism of gingerols against the effect of toxic raphides' stimulation on neutrophils migration. Results showed that gingerols could significantly inhibit the production of PGE2 in the exudates of abdominal inflammation induced by toxic raphides from P. pedatisecta in mice. Gingerols could significantly inhibit the toxic raphides from P. pedatisecta to induce the release of inflammatory factors, with certain dose dependence. Scanning electron microscopy showed that gingerols could significantly inhibit phagocytosis of macrophages, cytomembrane injury, and neutrophils migration induced by toxic raphides from P. pedatisecta. The results showed that the antagonism mechanism of gingerols against the toxic raphides from P. pedatisecta may be associated with inhibiting the pro-inflammatory toxicity including macrophage activation, inflammatory factors release, and neutrophils migration.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 216-219, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304867

ABSTRACT

To research the intestinal toxicity of n-BuOH fraction in Phytolacca Radix before and after being processed with vinegar. Toxic n-BuOH fractions were separated from Phytolacca Radix. In the animal model, the level of intestinal edema, water content of intestine and stool, IC₅₀ values of HT-29 and IEC-6 were detected with MTT method to compare the changes in toxicity of n-BuOH fractions from Phytolacca Radix before and after being processed with vinegar. n-BuOH fractions of Phytolacca Radix could cause intestinal edema in mice, increase the edema of duodenum, jejunum and the water content in stool, inhibit the proliferation of HT-29 cells and IEC-6 cells, indicating its intestinal toxicity, with HT-29 IC₅₀ at 14.59 mg•L⁻¹ and IEC-6 IC₅₀ at 43.77 mg•L⁻¹. After being processed with vinegar, the level of intestinal edema, edema of duodenum and jejunum and the water content in stool and inhibition ratio of cells line were reduced, with HT-29 IC₅₀ at 58.51 mg•L⁻¹ and IEC-6 IC₅₀ at 84.37 mg•L⁻¹. After being processed with vinegar, the toxicity of n-BuOH fractions from Phytolacca Radix decreased obviously.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4603-4608, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250446

ABSTRACT

To look for the toxicity fraction of Euphorbia pekinensis and discuss the vinegar processing mechanism. The level of intestinal edema, water content of intestine and stool, IC50 values of IEC-6 were applied to evaluate the toxicity of different fractions. RT-PCR was employed for detecting AQP1, AQP3 mRNA expression. The petroleum ether (PE) fraction and ethyl acetate (EtOAc) fraction could significant cause intestinal edema in mice, increase the water content of duodenum, colon and stool, inhibited the mRNA expression of AQP1 and increased the mRNA level of AQP3 in colon, and the petroleum ether (PE) fraction was more poisonous. After the petroleum ether (PE) fraction was processed with vinegar, the level of intestinal edema, water content of duodenum, colon, stool and inhibition ratio of cells line were reduced. And we compared the composition change after vinegar processing, finding that the conpekinensis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Acetic Acid , Chemistry , Cell Line , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Toxicity , Euphorbia , Chemistry , Toxicity , Mice, Inbred ICR , Molecular Structure
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1006-1009, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239904

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Diagnosis and treatment for respiratory symptoms (RSs) of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is more difficult than that for common esophageal symptoms. The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of radiofrequency (RF) treatment on RSs of GERD in a preliminary 12-month follow-up observation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2006 to October 2008, 505 GERD patients with mainly respiratory presentations such as wheezing, chronic cough or hoarseness, were treated by endoscopic RF. A questionnaire was completed before and after treatment, using a six-point scale ranging from 0 to 5 to assess symptom severity and frequency. The symptom score was the sum of frequency and severity.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Symptom scores were significantly improved at the end of the follow-up period. The mean heartburn score decreased from 5.31 to 1.79. The mean regurgitation score decreased from 5.02 to 1.64; mean cough score decreased from 6.77 to 2.85; mean wheezing score decreased from 7.83 to 3.07; and mean hoarseness score decreased from 5.13 to 1.81 (P < 0.01). No major complications or deaths occurred. Minor complications included temporary post-procedural retrosternal unease or pain (n = 106; 21.0%), mild fever (n = 86; 17.0%), transient nausea/vomiting (n = 97; 19.2%), and transient dysphagia (n = 42; 9.3%). Thirty-five (6.9%) patients had recurrence of symptoms. Endoscopic RF treatment was repeated in six patients, and laparoscopic fundoplication was performed in seven.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Endoscopic RF is an effective and safe means to treat RSs in patients with GERD.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cough , General Surgery , Esophagogastric Junction , Radiation Effects , Esophagoscopy , Methods , Gastroesophageal Reflux , General Surgery , Heartburn , General Surgery , Hoarseness , General Surgery , Radio Waves , Treatment Outcome
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