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1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 691-698, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990239

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediating effect of self-regulation fatigue between acceptance of hearing impairment and work withdrawal behavior in young and middle-aged patients with sudden deafness, so as to provide reference for the formulation of intervention measures for job withdrawal behavior.Methods:A cross-sectional survey was conducted to facilitate the selection of 326 young and middle-aged patients with sudden deafness who were treated in the Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University of the Chinese PLA from February 2021 to January 2022. The survey was carried out by general information questionnaire, the Revised Acceptance Disability Scale, the Self-Regulatory Fatigue Scale, and the Work Withdrawal Behavior Scale. Structural equation model method was used to analyze the mediating effect.Results:The acceptance of hearing impairment score in young and middle-aged patients with sudden deafness was (59.82 ± 10.99) points, the self-regulation fatigue score was (60.38 ± 8.84) points, and the work withdrawal behavior score was (39.06 ± 6.51) points. Self-regulation fatigue was negatively correlated with acceptance of hearing impairment ( r=-0.541, P<0.01). Work withdrawal behavior was negatively correlated with acceptance of hearing impairment ( r=-0.488, P<0.01), and was positively correlated with self-regulation fatigue ( r=0.587, P<0.01). Self-regulation fatigue played a partial mediating effect between the acceptance of hearing impairment and work withdrawal in young and middle-aged patients with sudden deafness, and the mediating effect ratio was 56.30%. Conclusions:The acceptance of hearing impairment can not only directly affect the work withdrawal behavior of young and middle-aged patients with sudden deafness, but also indirectly affect their work withdrawal behavior through self-regulation fatigue. Medical staff should pay attention to the internal relationship between the acceptance of hearing impairment, self-regulation fatigue and work withdrawal behaviors, so as to improve the acceptance of hearing impairment of patients, relieve their self-regulation fatigue, and avoid the occurrence of work withdrawal behaviors.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2551-2561, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007566

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The brain is a common metastatic site in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), resulting in a relatively poor prognosis. Systemic therapy with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) is recommended as the first-line treatment for EGFR -mutated, advanced NSCLC patients. However, intracranial activity varies in different drugs. Thus, brain metastasis (BM) should be considered when choosing the treatment regimens. We conducted this network meta-analysis to explore the optimal first-line therapeutic schedule for advanced EGFR -mutated NSCLC patients with different BM statuses.@*METHODS@#Randomized controlled trials focusing on EGFR-TKIs (alone or in combination) in advanced and EGFR -mutant NSCLC patients, who have not received systematic treatment, were systematically searched up to December 2021. We extracted and analyzed progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). A network meta-analysis was performed with the Bayesian statistical model to determine the survival outcomes of all included therapy regimens using the R software. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to compare intervention measures, and overall rankings of therapies were estimated under the Bayesian framework.@*RESULTS@#This analysis included 17 RCTs with 5077 patients and 12 therapies, including osimertinib + bevacizumab, aumolertinib, osimertinib, afatinib, dacomitinib, standards of care (SoC, including gefitinib, erlotinib, or icotinib), SoC + apatinib, SoC + bevacizumab, SoC + ramucirumab, SoC + pemetrexed based chemotherapy (PbCT), PbCT, and pemetrexed free chemotherapy (PfCT). For patients with BM, SoC + PbCT improved PFS compared with SoC (HR = 0.40, 95% CI: 0.17-0.95), and osimertinib + bevacizumab was most likely to rank first in PFS, with a cumulative probability of 34.5%, followed by aumolertinib, with a cumulative probability of 28.3%. For patients without BM, osimertinib + bevacizumab, osimertinib, aumolertinib, SoC + PbCT, dacomitinib, SoC + ramucirumab, SoC + bevacizumab, and afatinib showed superior efficacy compared with SoC (HR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.20-0.90; HR = 0.46, 95% CI: 0.31-0.68; HR = 0.51, 95% CI: 0.34-0.77; HR = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.38-0.66; HR = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.43-0.89; HR = 0.64, 95% CI: 0.44-0.94; HR = 0.61, 95% CI: 0.48-0.76; HR = 0.71, 95% CI: 0.50-1.00), PbCT (HR = 0.29, 95% CI: 0.11-0.74; HR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.15-0.62; HR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.17-0.69; HR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.18-0.64; HR = 0.42, 95% CI: 0.21-0.82; HR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.22-0.87; HR = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.22-0.74; HR = 0.48, 95% CI: 0.31-0.75), and PfCT (HR = 0.14, 95% CI: 0.06-0.32; HR = 0.15, 95% CI: 0.09-0.26; HR = 0.17, 95% CI: 0.09-0.29; HR = 0.16, 95% CI: 0.10-0.26; HR = 0.20, 95% CI: 0.12-0.35; HR = 0.21, 95% CI: 0.12-0.39; HR = 0.20, 95% CI: 0.12-0.31; HR = 0.23, 95% CI: 0.16-0.34) in terms of PFS. And, SoC + apatinib showed relatively superior PFS when compared with PbCT (HR = 0.44, 95% CI: 0.22-0.92) and PfCT (HR = 0.21, 95% CI: 0.12-0.39), but similar PFS to SoC (HR = 0.65, 95% CI: 0.42-1.03). No statistical differences were observed for PFS in patients without BM between PbCT and SoC (HR = 1.49, 95% CI: 0.84-2.64), but both showed favorable PFS when compared with PfCT (PfCT vs. SoC, HR = 3.09, 95% CI: 2.06-4.55; PbCT vs. PfCT, HR = 0.14, 95% CI: 0.06-0.32). For patients without BM, osimertinib + bevacizumab was most likely to rank the first, with cumulative probabilities of 47.1%. For OS, SoC + PbCT was most likely to rank first in patients with and without BM, with cumulative probabilities of 46.8%, and 37.3%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Osimertinib + bevacizumab is most likely to rank first in PFS in advanced EGFR -mutated NSCLC patients with or without BM, and SoC + PbCT is most likely to rank first in OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Afatinib/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Bayes Theorem , Network Meta-Analysis , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Pemetrexed/therapeutic use , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 54-57, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884285

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the ultrasonographic images and clinical characteristics of congenital mesoblastic nephroma (CMN), and to investigate the differential performances with Wilm′s tumor (WT).Methods:Twenty-one cases of CMN patients confirmed by pathology from December 2008 to December 2019 in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University were collected as the CMN group, and in the same criterion, 51 cases of WT patients were taken as WT group. Ultrasonographic images and clinical characteristics were collected retrospectively, and then the tumor size, site, echo and age were compared and analyzed between the two groups. ROC curve was used to evaluate the differential performance.Results:The difference analysis showed that except for echo ( P=0.694), there were statistically significant differences in tumor size, site and age between the two groups (all P<0.05). In prenatal, the incidence of CMN was significantly higher than WT (61.9% vs 3.9%, P<0.001), and the specificity was 96.1%. The median age (interquartile range) of CMN after birth was significantly earlier than WT( Z=-4.044, P<0.001). The area under the ROC was 0.949, the best cutoff was 112.5 days, with a sensitivity of 87.5% and a specificity of 93.9%. Conclusions:It is difficult to distinguish CMN and WT by echo, but the diagnosis performance can be improved through combining tumor size with site, especially age.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 103-107, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868771

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the efficacy and safety of percutaneous transhepatic one-step biliary fistulation (PTOBF) with rigid cholangioscopic lithotripsy for treatment of complicated hepatolithiasis under the ultrasonic navigation technique.Methods In this retrospective study,PTOBF lithotripsy surgery was performed in 94 patients with hepatolithiasis under general anesthesia with tracheal intubation,and with percutaneous transhepatic puncture of targeted bile duct under ultrasonic navigation in The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University.Biliary expanders were used along a guidewire to expand the sinus gradually until 14Fr to establish a fistulous channel.Lithotripsy was then performed through the channel by rigid cholangioscopy.The operation-related data were collected and analyzed,including puncture and fistula establishment success ratio,complication rate,intraoperative blood loss,residual and recurrence hepatolithiasis rates.Results 94 patients (total 122 patient-times) underwent PTOBF lithotripsy.There was no perioperative mortality.The overall puncture success rate was 100%,and the fistula/puncture rate was 97.5% (119/122).In 118 patients success was achieved in 2 time (96.7%).The complication rate was 9.6% (9/94).The average intraoperation blood loss were (24.9 ± 21.3)ml.The residual calculus rate after therapy was 13.8% (13/94).All patients were followed-up for a period that ranged between 18 and 30 months.The recurrence rate was 14.9% (14/94).Conclusions Ultrasonic navigation technique plays an important role in bile duct puncture,sinus expansion and rigid cholangioscopic lithotripsy for treatment of complicated hepatolithiasis.PTOBF lithotripsy is a safe and effective procedure,which provides a new way in mini-invasive treatment for hepatolithiasis.It is worth generalizing.

5.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 133-138, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799534

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To research the auditory nerve transduction effects under multi-wavelength pulsed laser stimulations within a safe and acceptable signal range.@*Methods@#The real-time detection of intracellular calcium concentration was adopted by specific fluorescent indicator staining based on calcium imager. The spiral ganglion cells of mice were cultured in vitro. After fluorescent indicating, morphologic observation under optical microscope, Fura-2 calcium ion fluorescence excitation, intact morphology cells selection, fixing the optical fiber, the spiral ganglion cells were irradiated by different wavelength laser, including visible light (450 nm) and near infrared light (808 nm,1 065 nm). The intracellular calcium concentration was monitored by calcium ion imaging.@*Results@#When 450 nm laser stimulated spiral ganglion cells, the intracellular calcium concentration was strongly increased, however, for other wavelength laser stimulation, there was no obvious relative response. And the sensitivity expression of the nerve cells under laser was related with the location of laser fiber. Cells closer to the fiber produced more obvious changes in calcium ion concentration, while for cells farther away from the fiber, the change amplitudes were weaker although the number of changes in calcium ion concentration was consistent.@*Conclusion@#The spiral ganglion cells of mice can induce a signal transduction response under the action of laser, and the response has laser wavelength selectivity.

6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 108-112, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799111

ABSTRACT

The health literacy refers to the ability of individuals to acquire and understand basic health information and services and use them to make the right decisions to maintain and promote their health. Health literacy data focusing on cancer prevention and control was limited in China. In order to understand the health literacy and awareness of cancer risk factors and the cancer screening, early diagnosis and treatment in Chinese urban residents and compare the effect of different stages of the cancer intervention, the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) program, supported by the National Key Public Health Program, conducted a survey on the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment among urban residents in 16 provinces nationwide from 2015 to 2017. Four subgroups were designed in this survey, including (1) general population who have never participated in any cancer screening programs at a community-level; (2) individuals who have previously attended the CanSPUC program for cancer risk assessment or screening intervention; (3) cancer patients who were receiving treatment in local hospitals; (4) a special group from employees of government and public institutions (non-health system), state-owned enterprises and private enterprises (to have better understand on the impact of socioeconomic factors). The self-designed questionnaire covered six parts, including basic information, consciousness of common risk factors to cancer, awareness of early detection, awareness of early diagnosis, awareness of early treatment, and the needs and approaches for knowledge of cancer prevention and treatment. A total of 32 257 individuals were included in the final analyses. This paper landscaped the overall design of the survey, including participants, domains of the instrument, quality control, basic characteristics of the included individuals. These descriptions are applicable to each individual report of the current special issue of "Health Literacy of Cancer Control in Urban China" and future reports, in which more detailed results are and will be reported. The findings of this survey could provide some useful implications for similar researches in the future.

7.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 84-91, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799107

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the demand and access to the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge and related factors among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information of general demographic characteristics, the demand and access to cancer prevention and treatment knowledge, and the influencing factors of the attitude. The Chi-square test was used to analyze the difference of the demand of the cancer prevention knowledge among different groups and the corresponding factors of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were analyzed by using the logistic regression model.@*Results@#The proportion of residents who need the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was 79.5%. The demand rate of the inducement, symptom and diagnosis methods of cancer in the occupational population was highest, about 66.8%, 71.0% and 20.8%, respectively. The demand rate of treatment methods and cost in current cancer patients was the highest, about the 45.9% and 21.9%, respectively. The top three sources to acquire the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were "broadcast or television" (69.5%), "books, newspapers, posters or brochures" (44.7%) and "family and friends" (33.8%). The multivariate analysis showed that compared with public institution personnel/civil servants, unmarried/cohabiting/divorced/widowed and others, annual household income less than 20 000 CNY, from the eastern region, people without cancer diagnosis and people with self-assessment of cancer risk, the demand rate of cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was higher in enterprise personnel/workers, married, annual household income between 60 000 CNY and 150 000 CNY, from the central region, people with cancer and people with unclear cancer risk (all P values <0.05).@*Conclusion@#There was a high demand for the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017. The main access to the knowledge is from the radio or television. The occupation, marital status, annual household income, residential region, health status and risk of disease were the main factors of the demand of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge.

8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 76-83, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799106

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment among urban residents of China, and explore the related factors.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The health literacy of the cancer prevention, early discovery, early diagnosis, early treatment and the demands of cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was analyzed. The level of health literacy among different groups were calculated and compared. The binary logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment.@*Results@#The level of health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment was 56.97% among all study population; in each group it was 55.01% for community residents, 59.08% for cancer risk assessment/screening population, 61.99% for cancer patients and 57.31% for occupational population, respectively (P<0.001). The level of health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment of residents aged 50 to 69 years old, other occupational groups, unmarried, the central and western region residents and the group with unclear self-assessment of cancer risk was significantly lower than that of residents younger than 40 years old, personnel of public institutions/civil servants, married, the eastern region residents and the group whose self-assessment without cancer risk (P<0.05) . The level of health literacy of cancer prevention and treatment of females, people who went to high school or over, cancer risk assessment/screening population, cancer patients and occupational population was significantly higher than that of males, people who had an education level of primary school or below and community residents (P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#The health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment of urban residents in China was relatively high, but there was still room for improvement. Gender, age, educational level, occupation, region, marital status, self-assessment of cancer risk, and type of respondents were the key influencing factors of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment. Male, 50-69 years old, lower educational level, central and western regions, unclear cancer risk self-assessment, and without specific environmental exposure to cancer prevention and treatment knowledge or related risk factors were the characteristics of the key intervention group of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 69-75, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799105

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and its demographic and socioeconomic factors.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The questionnaire collected personal information, the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and relevant factors. The Chi square test was used to compare the difference between the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and relevant factors among the four groups. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early treatment.@*Results@#With the assumption of being diagnosed as precancer or cancer, 89.97% of community residents, 91.84% of cancer risk assessment/screening population, 93.00% of cancer patients and 91.52% of occupational population would accept active treatments (P<0.001). If the immediate family members were diagnosed as precancer or cancer, people who would encourage their family members to receive early treatment in the four groups accounted for 91.96%, 91.94%, 92.44% and 91.55%, respectively (P<0.001). The company employees, annual household income with 40 000 yuan and more and other three groups had a relatively better consciousness of the cancer early treatment (P<0.05). Male, widowed, unemployed and from the central and western regions had a relatively worse consciousness of the cancer early treatment (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Residents in urban China participants had a good consciousness of the cancer early treatment. The marital status, occupation, annual household income and residential regions were major factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 62-68, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799104

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis among urban residents and identify the related factors from 2015 to 2017.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The general demographic characteristics, the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis (whether people would have a willingness or encourage their relatives/friends to confirm the abnormal results once which were detected from the physical examination) and other information were collected by using the self-designed questionnaire. The non-conditional logistic regression model was used to identify the relateol factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis.@*Results@#As for residents with abnormal result from the physical examination, 89.29% (28 802) of residents would choose to seek medical treatment for further diagnosis. If their relatives/friends had abnormal results from the physical examination, 89.55% (28 886) of residents would encourage their relatives/friends to confirm the diagnosis in time. The non-conditional logistic regression model analysis showed that compared with the public institution staff/civil servants, annual household income less than 20 000 CNY, the western region and the cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, the company staff, annual household income about 40 000 CNY and more, and the residents from the middle and eastern region had a stronger consciousness to seek further diagnosis; while the unemployed residents and community residents were less likely to seek further diagnosis (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#From 2015 to 2017, the Chinese urban residents had a good consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis. Occupation, annual household income, residential region and population group were related to the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 54-61, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799103

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the consciousness of the cancer early detection among urban residents and identify the influencing factors from 2015 to 2017.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. Self-designed questionnaires were used to collect population, socioeconomic indicators, self-cancer risk assessment, regular participation in physical examination and other information. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the factors of people who had not regularly participated in the regular physical examination in the past five years.@*Results@#The self-assessment results of 32 357 residents showed that there were 27.54% (8 882) of total study population with self-reported cancer risk, 45.48% (14 671) without cancer risk and 26.98% (8 704) with unclear judgement on their own cancer risk. Among population with cancer risk, 79.84% (7 091) considered physical examination accounted. In the past five years, there were 21 105 (65.43%) residents participated in regular physical examination and 11 148 (34.56%) participated in non-scheduled one, respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with unmarried and western region residents, divorced, middle and eastern region residents had a stronger consciousness to participate in the regular physical examination (P<0.05). Compare with residents with annual household income less than 20 000 CNY in 2014, cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, and self-assessment with cancer risk, residents with annual household income between 20 000 CNY and 59 000 CNY in 2014, occupational population, community residents, cancer patients, self-reported cancer-free risk, and self-assessment with unclear judgement of cancer risk were less likely to participate in the regular physical examination (all P values <0.05).@*Conclusion@#From 2015 to 2017, the Chinese urban residents had a acceptable consciousness of the cancer early detection. The marital status, annual household income, population group and self-assessment of cancer risk were related to the consciousness of the cancer early detection of people who had not participated in the regular physical examination in the past five years.

12.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 47-53, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799102

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the health literacy and relevant factors of cancer prevention consciousness in Chinese urban residents from 2015 to 2017.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information of demographic characteristics and cancer prevention consciousness focusing on nine common risk factors, including smoking, alcohol, fiber food, food in hot temperature or pickled food, chewing betel nut, helicobacter pylori, moldy food, hepatitis B infection, estrogen, and exercise. The logistic regression model was adopted to identify the influencing factors.@*Results@#The overall health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness was 77.4% (24 980 participants), with 77.4% (12 018 participants), 79.9% (6 406 participants), 77.2% (1 766 participants) and 74.5% (4 709 participants) in each group (P<0.001). The correct response rates for nine risk factors ranged from 55.2% to 93.0%. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with community residents, people with primary school level education or below, and the number of people living together in the family <3, the cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, cancer patients, those with junior high school level educationor above and the number of people living in the family ≥3 had better health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness (all P values <0.05). Compared with females, 39 years old and below, government-affiliated institutions or civil servants, from the eastern region, males, older than 40 years, company or enterprise employees, and from the middle or western region had worse health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness (all P values <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness in Chinese urban residents should be improved. The cancer screening intervention, gender, age, education, occupation, the number of people co-living in the family, and residential region were associated with the health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 106-110, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745344

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effect of percutaneous transhepatic one-step biliary fistulation (PTOBF) and percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopy (PTCS) in the treatment of hepatolithiasis with hepatobiliary surgery history,and to explore the clinical application value of PTOBF.Methods This is retrospective analysis of 68 patients with hepatolithiasis who were admitted to hepatobiliary surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from November 2009 to October 2017.Among these cases,35 patients in the observation group (group PTOBF) were treated with PTOBF,and 33 patients in the control group (group PTCS) received PTCS treatment.The final clearance rate,the postoperative complications rate,the hospitalization time,the operation times within the course of treatment,the recurrence rate and the residual stenosis rate of the two groups were compared.Results Compared with group PTCS,the clearance rate was significantly higher in group PTOBF(82.9% vs 54.6%,P<0.05),while the postoperative complications rate between the two groups are similar (14.3 % vs 30.3 %,P> 0.05);Besides,the hospitalization time(12.3±5.3 d vs 17.4±7.0 d,P<0.05),the operation times within the course of treatment (2.2±1.3 vs 2.8±1.0,P<0.05) and the recurrence rate(17.4% vs 39.4%,P<0.05) of group PTOBF were obviously lower.Conclusions PTOBF is a safe and feasible treatment for hepatolithiasis with hepatobiliary surgery history.Compared with PTCS,it has the advantages of short hospitalization time,fewer operations and better recovery.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 821-831, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810735

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To acknowledge the availability and rates of annual transition of outcomes during the progression and regression stages of colorectal cancer (CRC) and related diseases, by pooling global follow-up studies on the natural history of CRC.@*Methods@#Till March, 2017, data was collected through systematic literature review over multiple databases, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane and Chinese Biology Medicine (CBM) disc. Information regarding the characteristics, classification system of health states, related outcomes and incidence rates on CRC or high-risk adenoma for the surveillance cohorts of the studies, were extracted and summarized. Both Meta and sensitivity analyses were performed on those outcomes if they appeared in more than 3 studies, using the random effects model. Annual transition rate with 95%CI was used to estimate each of the outcomes, Quality of the studies was assessed, using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale.@*Results@#A total of 29 cohort studies were included, with the mean follow-up period as 5.7 years. All studies except one, focused on adenoma-carcinoma pathway and reported the outcome parameters of adenomas by different risk, and some reported the findings on different sizes (n=6) of adenomas. These cohorts were divided into three groups (normal status, with low-risk or high-risk adenoma) according to the status of baseline endoscopic pathologic findings. Their available outcome parameters, corresponding number of involved articles, aggregated sample size and pooled annual transition rates were presented. Six parameters were obtained in the normal cohorts, including those from normal to low-risk adenoma (16 articles, 58 235, 0.030: 0.024-0.037), to high-risk adenoma (17 articles, 62 089, 0.003: 0.002-0.004), to diminutive adenoma (<5 mm, 4 articles, 1 277, 0.021: 0.013-0.029), to small adenoma (6-9 mm, 4 articles, 1 277, 0.006: 0.001-0.010), to large adenoma (≥10 mm, 7 articles, 3 531, 0.002: 0.000-0.003) and to CRC (19 articles, 104 836, 0.000 3: 0.000 2-0.000 5). Three parameters were obtained in low-risk adenoma in cohorts with polypectomy findings, including recurrence (9 articles, 4 788, 0.109: 0.062-0.157) from low-risk adenoma after polypectomy to high-risk adenoma (10 articles, 5 736, 0.009: 0.004-0.013) and to CRC (12 articles, 11 347, 0.000 6: 0.000 4-0.000 8). Three parameters were obtained on high-risk adenoma from cohorts with polypectomy findings, including recurrence (12 articles, 7 030, 0.038: 0.028-0.048) from high-risk adenoma after polypectomy to low-risk adenoma (8 articles, 2 489, 0.133: 0.081-0.185) and CRC (14 articles, 14 899, 0.002: 0.001-0.003). Except for normal to low-risk adenomas, results from the sensitivity analysis for the other parameters showed stable. Of the included studies, two presented incidence rates of CRC in different clinical stages and the another two were focusing on the parameters related to serrated pathway.@*Conclusions@#Globally, follow-up studies reported data on natural history of colorectal cancer is of paucity. Compared to the "adenoma-carcinoma" pathway, transition parameters of the serrated lesion pathway are more limited. This Meta-analysis provided convincing evidence for optimizing the strategies regarding follow-up program on the disease, using the baseline endoscopic findings from global CRC Screening Program. These results also offered strong data-related support for Chinese population- specific interventional model on colorectal cancer.

15.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 394-399, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791589

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the acceptance and willingness to pay for breast cancer screening among populations at high risk of breast cancer in urban China. Methods From 2012 to 2014, a cancer screening program in urban China (CanSPUC) was carried out in 13 provinces. The current survey was conducted among participants who were evaluated as having"high?risk for breast cancer"using a Harvard model (community?based) and then underwent breast mammography or ultrasonography screening procedure (hospital-based). The study mainly focused on their acceptance and willingness to pay under certain self?payment assumption for breast cancer screening. Results A total of 3 049 participants, with a mean age of 52.4±7.0 years, were included. The group aged 45 to 55 years accounted for 50% of the patients, and the median annual income per capita in the recent 5 years was 22 000 (15 000-34 000) Chinese yuan (CNY). Educational level, occupation, and marital status may affect their full acceptance and voluntary payment (P<0.05). Of all the participants, 99% (3 016 participants) could totally or substantially accept the breast cancer screening. When the breast cancer screening was assumed to be conducted every 3 years in the low?cost self?paid context, 85% (2 581 participants) of the participants had the willingness to pay, while only 17% were willing to pay >100 CNY. The remaining 15% of the residents showed no willingness to pay, and the unaffordable expenditure (70%, 438 participants) and unnecessary screening (24%, 112 participants) were the primary considerations. Significant differences in acceptance, willingness to pay, and payment were found among the provinces. Conclusion Almost all high?risk populations for breast cancer could accept breast cancer screening. The willingness to pay was relatively high, but the amount of payment was limited and low.

16.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 387-393, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791588

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the mean annual expenditure of patients with prevalent liver cancer in China on the perspective of the natural progression of the disease and to provide baseline information for liver cancer?related disease burden estimation and evaluation of prevention strategies. Methods A multicenter survey on liver cancer was conducted between 2012 and 2014 in 13 sites where the cancer screening program was conducted in Urban China, by face?to?face interviews with hospitalized patients. Data on basic information, clinical diagnosis and treatment, direct medical expenditure, and direct non?medical expenditure were collected. By?year expenditure and number of visits from the first visit to the end of the survey were analyzed. The trend for the two indicators in each year was analyzed. The subgroup analysis of factors such as sex and age was conducted. All the expenditure data were discounted to the year 2014 and presented in Chinese yuan. The statistical analysis was performed using the SAS 9.4 software. Results A total of 2 222 patients with liver cancer, with a mean age of 55.7±11.2 years, were included. Men accounted for 79.2% (1 759 cases) of the patients, women accounted for 20.8% (463 cases) of the patients, and 75.6% (1 679 cases) of the cases were from cancer hospitals. Stage Ⅰ cases only accounted for 14.1% (299 cases) of all the cases, and most cases were stageⅢorⅣ(62.6%, 1 325 cases). Of the cases, 64.4% (1 430 cases) had pathological information, and 83.6%(1 195 cases) were pathologically hepatocellular carcinoma. The sample sizes for the first 3 years from the first visit were 2 222, 149, and 57, respectively (by?year sample sizes thereafter were<50). The annual total medical expenditures for the first 3 years were 49 091 yuan (95% confidence interval [CI]: 47 376-50 806), 30 506 yuan (95% CI: 26 462-34 549), and 32 100 yuan (95% CI: 25 917-38 283) (P<0.001). The corresponding number of visits were 1.9, 1.6, and 1.5 (P<0.001). The trend for each province was consistent with the overall trend, while the down trend from years 1 to 2 varied among provinces, ranging from 1.4 (Zhejiang province) to 5.6 times (Henan province). For the trend in the first 3 years, differences were found in subgroups such as region (P<0.001) and treatment (P<0.05), instead of sex, age, stage, and other subgroups. Conclusions For liver cancer patients in China, the annual expenditure for the first year in the whole disease course was 1.6 times higher than that for the second year, which varied among provinces. However, information on annual expenditure for the later course of liver cancer is still limited.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 218-226, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738243

ABSTRACT

Objective From the economic point of view,this study was to systematically assess the status quo on lung cancer screening in the world and to provide reference for further research and implementation of the programs,in China.Methods PubMed,EMbase,The Cochrane Library,CNKI and Wanfang Data were searched to gather papers on studies related to economic evaluation regarding lung cancer screening worldwide,from the inception of studies to June 30th,2018.Basic characteristics,methods and main results were extracted.Quality of studies was assessed.Cost were converted to Chinese Yuan under the exchange rates from the World Bank.The ratio of incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) to local GDP per capita were calculated.Results A total of 23 studies (only 1 randomized controlled trial) were included and the overall quality was accepted.22 studies were from the developed countries.Nearly half of the studies (11 studies) took 55 years old as the starting age of the screening program.Smoking history was widely applied for the selection of criteria on target populations (18).Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) was involved in every study used to evaluate the economic effectiveness.Annual (17) and once-life time (7) screening were more common frequencies.22 studies reported ICERs for LDCT screening,compared to no screening,of which 17 were less than 3 times local GDP per capita,and were considered as cost-effectiveness,according to the WHO's recommendation.15 and 7 studies reported ICERs for annual and once-life time screening,of which 12 and 7 studies were in favor the results of their cost-effectiveness,respectively.Additionally,the cost-effectiveness of once-lifetime screening was likely to be superior to the annual screening.Differences of cost-effectiveness among the subgroups,by starting age or by the smoking history,might exist.Conclusions Based on the studies,evidence from the developed countries demonstrated that LDCT screening programs on lung cancer,implemented among populations selected by age and smoking history,generally appeared more cost-effective.Combined with the local situation of health resource,the findings could provide direction for less developed regions/countries lacking of local evidence.Low frequency of LDCT screening for lung cancer could be adopted when budget was limited.Data on starting ages,smoking history and other important components related to the strategy of screening programs,needs to be precisely evaluated under the situation of local population.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 218-226, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736775

ABSTRACT

Objective From the economic point of view,this study was to systematically assess the status quo on lung cancer screening in the world and to provide reference for further research and implementation of the programs,in China.Methods PubMed,EMbase,The Cochrane Library,CNKI and Wanfang Data were searched to gather papers on studies related to economic evaluation regarding lung cancer screening worldwide,from the inception of studies to June 30th,2018.Basic characteristics,methods and main results were extracted.Quality of studies was assessed.Cost were converted to Chinese Yuan under the exchange rates from the World Bank.The ratio of incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) to local GDP per capita were calculated.Results A total of 23 studies (only 1 randomized controlled trial) were included and the overall quality was accepted.22 studies were from the developed countries.Nearly half of the studies (11 studies) took 55 years old as the starting age of the screening program.Smoking history was widely applied for the selection of criteria on target populations (18).Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) was involved in every study used to evaluate the economic effectiveness.Annual (17) and once-life time (7) screening were more common frequencies.22 studies reported ICERs for LDCT screening,compared to no screening,of which 17 were less than 3 times local GDP per capita,and were considered as cost-effectiveness,according to the WHO's recommendation.15 and 7 studies reported ICERs for annual and once-life time screening,of which 12 and 7 studies were in favor the results of their cost-effectiveness,respectively.Additionally,the cost-effectiveness of once-lifetime screening was likely to be superior to the annual screening.Differences of cost-effectiveness among the subgroups,by starting age or by the smoking history,might exist.Conclusions Based on the studies,evidence from the developed countries demonstrated that LDCT screening programs on lung cancer,implemented among populations selected by age and smoking history,generally appeared more cost-effective.Combined with the local situation of health resource,the findings could provide direction for less developed regions/countries lacking of local evidence.Low frequency of LDCT screening for lung cancer could be adopted when budget was limited.Data on starting ages,smoking history and other important components related to the strategy of screening programs,needs to be precisely evaluated under the situation of local population.

19.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 756-762, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809204

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To clarify the research status of economic burden of stomach cancer in China from 1996 to 2015.@*Methods@#Based on three electronic literature databases (China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, Wanfang Database and PubMed), a total of 2 873, 1 244 and 84 articles published during 1996 to 2015 were found, respectively, using keywords of"cancer","neoplasms","malignant tumor","tumor","economic burden","health expenditure","cost","cost of illness", and"China". According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 30 literatures were included in the final analysis. Then the basic information and study subjects, indicators and main results of economic burden were abstracted and analyzed. All the expenditure data were discounted to the values in 2013 by using China's percapita consumer price index.@*Results@#Totally, 30 articles were included, covering 14 provinces and of which 16 were published during 2011-2015. One article was based on population-level and the remaining studies were all based on individual-level. The number of individual-level articles that reported direct medical, non-medical and indirectly economic burden was 29, 1 and 2, respectively. The main indicators of direct medical expenditure were expenditure per patient (22), per clinical visit (9) and per diem (11), respectively. The median expenditure per patient was 7 387-28 743 RMB (CNY), with average annual growth rate (AAGR) of 1.7% (1996-2013). The median expenditure per clinical visit was 18 504-41 871 RMB (2003-2013), with AAGR of 5.5%. The median expenditure per diem was 313-1 445 RMB (1996-2012), with AAGR of 3.7%. Difference was found among provinces.@*Conclusions@#The evidence for economic burden of stomach cancer was still limited over the past two decades and mainly focused on individual and regional levels. An increase and differences in provinces were observed in direct medical expenditure. Evaluation on direct non-medical and indirect medical expenditure needs to be addressed.

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Chinese Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science ; (12): 36-38, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515537

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical application value of Xpert detection system of Clostridium difficile (C.difficile).Methods A total of 43 stool specimens from the patients with diarrhea were collected,and C.difficile in stool specimens were detected by the Xpert detection system,the toxigenic culture method,and the toxin detection method which detected the toxin of C.difficile by VⅥDAS automatic analyzer after anaerobic culture,respectively.The analytic performance of Xpert detection system was evaluted based on the toxigenic culture method as the gold standard.Meanwhile,the consistency of the results from different detection methods was compared.The ribotype 027 strain (ATCC BAA-1870) simulating the stool specimen was further used to verify the Xpert detection system.Results Based on the gold standard of the toxigenic culture method,the sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value and negative predictive value of the Xpert detection system were 90.9%,93.8%,83.3% and 96.8%,respectively.The Kappa values for the consistency between the Xpert detection system and the toxigenic culture method or the toxin detection method were 0.822 (P < 0.05) and 0.419 (P < 0.05),respectively.Moreover,the ribotype 027 strain simulating the stool specimen was verified by the Xpert detection system successfully.Conclusion The Xpert detection system may rapidly and accurately detect the C.difficile in stool specimens,especially the ribotype 027 strain with high toxicity.

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