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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 83-88, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992576

ABSTRACT

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric illness induced by exposure to severe stress-induced traumatic events. Repeated traumatic re-experience, avoidance, negative cognition and emotional changes seriously reduce the quality of life of PTSD patients. Currently, it is urgent to further clarify the etiology and molecular mechanism of PTSD in order to guide the diagnosis and treatment of PTSD. Considering the underlying pathophysiology is not entirely known, to identify the pertinent biomarkers of PTSD is critical in researching its incidence and progression. In contrast with the single-omics researches, multi-omics studies may methodically expand on biomolecular interactions from a range of angles, creating a new potential to comprehend the development of complicated human illnesses. Therefore, the authors review the research progress in PTSD biomarkers from aspects of genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics, hoping to provide a reference for future research and treatment of PTSD.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 703-708, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of electroacupuncture preconditioning on the autophagy-related pathway protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in myocardial tissue of rats with myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI); To investigate the protective mechanism of "Neiguan"(PC 6) on myocardial injury.Methods:Totally 48 SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, sham-operation group, model group and Neiguan group ( n=12 in each group). The Neiguan group was applied to bilateral "Neiguan"(PC 6) by electroacupuncture for 30 min, once daily for consecutive 7 days before model replication. Except in the blank group, the MIRI model was established by ligation of the descending anterior branch of the left coronary artery in the rest groups after the intervention. The histomorphological changes in the myocardium of the rats were observed by HE staining, and the expression levels of Akt, phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), mTOR and phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR) in the myocardium were measured by protein immunoblotting. The ratio of p-Akt/Akt and p-mTOR/mTOR was calculated. Results:In the blank group, the myocardial fibres were arranged regularly and neatly, and no inflammatory cell infiltration or haemorrhage was seen in the interstitium; in the sham-operation group, the arrangement of myocardial fibers was slightly irregular, no rupture was found, and a small amount of myocardial fiber gap was slightly enlarged; in the model group, the distribution of myocardial fibers was disordered, hypertrophic cardiomyocytes increased, some mitochondria were red and swollen or the outer membrane was ruptured, and inflammatory infiltration and hemorrhage were seen in the interstitium; the extent of myocardial lesions in the Neiguan group was less than that in the model group, with a small amount of interstitial hemorrhage and inflammatory cell infiltration. There was no statistical significance in the levels of Akt and mTOR in the myocardial tissues of the rats in each group ( P>0.05); compared with the sham-operation group, the levels of p-Akt, p-mTOR and p-Akt/Akt, p-mTOR/mTOR in the model group decreased ( P<0.01); compared with the model group, the levels of p-Akt, p-mTOR and p-Akt/Akt, p-mTOR/mTOR in the Neiguan group increased ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Electroacupuncture preconditioning may inhibit excessive autophagy by activating the Akt/mTOR pathway in cardiomyocytes of MIRI rats, thereby exerting a protective effect on the myocardium.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 107-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinic efficacy of channel bone grafting [preservation of the sclerotic bone at the broken nonunion ends and fixation with limited contact dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP)] in the treatment of postoperative atrophic nonunion of middle clavicular fracture.Methods:The 41 patients were retrospectively analyzed who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Xi'an Hong-Hui Hospital for atrophic nonunion after internal fixation of middle clavicular fracture from June 2015 to December 2019. They were 23 males and 18 females, with a mean age of 47.6 years (from 28 to 63 years). The left side was affected in 25 cases and the right side in 16 cases. The time interval between initial fracture surgery and nonunion surgery averaged 18.5 months (from 9 to 40 months). Thirty-six cases had undergone one operation and 5 cases 2 operations before admission. The length of bone defect was measured during operation. All nonunions were treated with construction of a graft channel, iliac bone graft and LC-DCP internal fixation above the clavicle. The upper limb function of the affected side was evaluated by the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) 12 months after operation.Results:The 41 patients were followed up for an average of 13.6 months (from 12 to 15 months). A bone defect ≤2.0 cm was found in 25 cases and that >2.0 cm in 16 ones. Nonunion healed in all patients after an average time of 14 weeks (from 12 to 16 weeks). One patient reported continuous pain in the donor area after operation and the other developed deep venous thrombosis at the right lower limb. The DASH upper limb scores at 12 months after operation averaged 14.7.Conclusion:Channel bone grafting is a feasible clinical treatment of postoperative atrophic nonunion of middle clavicular fracture, because it preserves the sclerotic bone at the broken nonunion ends, reduces the amount of iliac bone graft and leads to fine clinic efficacy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 548-554, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928457

ABSTRACT

Micro non-coding RNA (microRNA, miRNA) is a small non-coding RNA involved in gene expression regulation that plays an important role in the onset and development of mental illness. Evidence suggests that several miRNAs are dysregulated in patients with mental illnesses. Because of its stability and quantitative detection in peripheral blood and cerebral fluid, miRNA is a particularly attractive biomarker. The objective of this research is to investigate the relationship between mental illness and miRNAs, as well as the potential processes through which miRNAs contribute to disease etiology. Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression are three major mental disorders with high disability and mortality. The study explored the particular dysregulated miRNAs for each condition as well as common dysregulated miRNAs across diseases. In this study, which analyzes the findings from relevant studies from 2016 to 2020, the authors discuss the functions of numerous severely dysfunctional miRNAs and their application potential in the field of psychiatry research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Bipolar Disorder/genetics , Depression/genetics , MicroRNAs , Schizophrenia/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 675-682, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994616

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of hepatic sinus obstruction syndrome(HSOS)after orthotopic liver transplantation(OLT).Methods:Clinical data were reviewed for 3 HSOS patients after OLT.Baseline profiles, primary disease, onset, clinical manifestations, abdominal imaging and pathological changes were recorded for summarizing the key points of diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of HSOS after OLT.Results:HSOS was an extremely rare complication after OLT with an incidence of 2%(2/117)and a median onset of 15(13-50)days.The major clinical manifestations were hepatic pain, abdominal distension, poor appetite, fatigue, jaundice, oliguria, peritoneal effusion and pleural effusion.Some of them were complicated with acute renal insufficiency.Abdominal ultrasonography revealed that blood stream of hepatic and portal veins was smooth but rather slow and hepatic parenchyma showed uneven echo changes.Abdominal enhanced computed tomography(CT)demonstrated " mosaic" and " map-like" uneven enhancement in portal vein and balance phases.The pathological manifestations of liver biopsy included obvious dilation and congestion of hepatic sinuses, swelling and necrosis of hepatic cells, thickening of hepatic venules and luminal stenosis or occlusion.All of them received immunosuppressants.Tacrolimus was switched to sirolimus, low molecular weight heparin or plus rivaroxaban anticoagulant thrombolytic therapy, methylprednisolone regulatory immunotherapy, albumin supplementation, diuresis, hepatic protection and fluid replacement.Afterward clinical symptoms of 2 patients improved, became cured and discharged.One case died from gastrointestinal hemorrhage and acute renal failure secondary to multiple organ failure.Conclusions:HSOS is an extremely rare but severe complication after OLT.Early diagnosis and fine-tuning of treatment protocols can avoid poor prognosis such as liver and kidney failure and significantly improve patient survival.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 1071-1075, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932278

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the influence of anticoagulation timing on incidence of perioperative deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in elderly patients with hip fracture.Methods:A retrospective analysis was made of the 179 elderly patients with hip fracture who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedics and Traumaology, Hong-Hui Hospital from July 2017 to December 2018. They were 78 males and 101 females, aged from 62 to 91 years (mean, 79.5 years). There were 79 femoral neck fractures and 100 intertrochanteric fractures, 109 of which were treated by internal fixation and 70 by hip replacement. The patients were divided into 3 groups depending on the timing of anticoagulation after injury. In group 1 of 74 cases, anticoagulation started <24 h after injury; in group 2 of 36 cases, anticoagulation started 24 to 48 h after injury; in group 3 of 69 cases, anticoagulation started >48 h after injury. Anticoagulation continued until 12 h before surgery in all patients but was resumed 8 to 12 h after surgery. The 3 groups were compared in incidence of perioperative DVT.Results:The 3 groups were comparable due to insignificant differences between them in their pre-operative general data ( P>0.05). DVT occurred perioperatively in 84 patients, yielding an incidence of 46.9% (84/179). The incidences of perioperative DVT were 27.0% (20/74), 47.2% (17/36) and 68.1% (47/69) in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively, showing significant differences ( χ2=24.206, P<0.001), between any 2 groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Since the earlier anticoagulation starts after injury the lower incidence of perioperative DVT in elderly patients with hip fracture, early standardized prophylactic anticoagulation after injury can effectively reduce incidence of perioperative DVT.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 890-895, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To characterize the biomechanical performance of our self-designed novel blocking screws in the treatment of distal tibial fractures.Methods:Thirty artificial composite tibial bones were used to create models of unstable distal tibial fracture (AO type 43-A3) which were randomized into 3 even groups ( n=10) according to modes of fixation. Group A was subjected to fixation with intramedullary nails only with merely preset holes reserved for the blocking screws, group B to fixation with intramedullary nails plus conventional anteroposterior blocking screws, and group C to fixation with intramedullary nails plus novel lateral blocking screws. In all the 3 groups, a lateral bending stress test was conducted to record the maximum transversal displacement of the intramedullary nail, a fatigue test to observe the structural abnormality in the model and an axial stress test to record the maximum axial displacement of the intramedullary nail-bone structure. The 3 groups were compared in structural abnormality, the maximum transversal displacement of the intramedullary nail and the maximum axial displacement of the intramedullary nail-bone structure. Results:The lateral bending stress tests showed the maximum transversal displacements were (5.02±1.03) mm; (4.19±0.64) mm and (4.18±0.65) mm in groups A, B and C; compared with group A, the maximum transversal displacement decreased by 16.6%( P=0.027) in group B and decreased by 16.8%( P=0.025) in group C, showing significant differences but there was no significant difference in the maximum transversal displacement between groups B and C ( P=0.978). In the fatigue test, all models showed no structural abnormality under cyclic loading. In the axial stress test, the maximum axial displacements of the intramedullary nail-bone structure were, respectively, (5.69±0.75) mm, (5.31±0.61) mm and (5.51±0.65) mm in groups A, B and C, showing no statistically significant difference among the 3 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Our self-designed novel blocking screws can be a new means in clinical application, because they are similar to conventional blocking screws in increasing the stability of nail-bone construct and other biomechanical performance.

8.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 May; 16(2): 309-319
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213818

ABSTRACT

Objective: Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are critical factors that impair antitumor immunity. Epstein–Barr virus (EBV)-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is one of the most pathogenic factors in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, the role of EBV-encoded LMP1 in regulating Treg generation in NPC remains unclear. Materials and Methods: The in vitro stability of activated Tregs (aTregs) influenced by LMP1 was analyzed by flow cytometry. The inhibitory effects of LMP1-HONE1 antigen-induced aTregs on tumor-associated antigen (TAA)-specific T cells were analyzed in vitro and in vivo. Finally, the expression of LMP1, Foxp3, and enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) were analyzed in samples from 86 NPC patients by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. Results: LMP1 upregulated the expression of EZH2, which increased the stability of aTregs in vitro. EZH2 inhibitor, DZnep, depleted LMP1-HONE1 antigen-induced aTregs in vitro and led to potent TAA-specific T cell antitumor immunity in vivo. In NPC tissues, LMP1 expression level was positively correlated with the number of EZH2+ Tregs, which was positively correlated with clinical stage and overall survival. Conclusions: EZH2 is essential for maintaining the stability and inhibitory functions of aTregs that are induced by EBV-encoded LMP1 in NPC

9.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 195-198, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869819

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically review and compare the efficacy of intranasal dexmedetomidine versus oral midazolam for premedication in the pediatric patients.Methods:PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane library were searched for all randomized controlled trials involving the efficacy of intranasal dexmedetomidine versus oral midazolam for premedication in the pediatric patients from inception to August 2019, with an English language restriction.Evaluation indexes included efficacy of preoperative sedation, acceptance of face mask for anesthesia, postoperative requirement for rescue analgesia, incidence of agitation during emergence and postoperative recovery time.The quality of the included trials was assessed according to the relevant criteria recommended in Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.0.1.Meta-analysis was conducted using the Cochrane Collaboration′s Review Manager 5.3 software.Results:Ten randomized controlled trials involving 720 pediatric patients were included.Compared with oral midazolam group, the efficacy of preoperative sedation was better, the requirement for postoperative rescue analgesia was decreased ( P<0.01), and no significant differences were found in acceptance of face mask for anesthesia, incidence of agitation during emergence, and postoperative recovery time in intranasal dexmedetomidine group ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Intranasal dexmedetomidine provides better efficacy than oral midazolam when used for premedication in the pediatric patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 908-911, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867951

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of our novel reduction technique in the surgical treatment of complicated tibial plateau fractures.Methods:From May 2016 to September 2018, 50 fractures of tibial plateau (Schatzker types Ⅴ and Ⅵ) were treated at Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hong Hui Hospital. They were 34 males and 16 females, aged from 27 to 56 years (average, 42.3 years). They were divided into 2 groups according to the reduction techniques. In the group of novel reduction ( n=23), bone fragments were reduced one by one from the distal to the proximal until the compression fracture was reduced and fixated. In the conventional reduction group ( n=27), the articular surface was reduced first before fixation of articular fragments with distal ends of tibial fracture. The 2 groups were compared in terms of intraoperative bleeding, operation time, tibial plateau angle (TPA) on the knee anteroposterior X-ray film taken on the second day after operation, and rate of acceptable TPA (±5°). Results:There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in general preoperative data, showing comparability ( P>0.05). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in either operation time (2.7 h ± 0.4 h versus 3.0 h ± 0.6 h) or intraoperative bleeding (215 mL ± 56 mL versus 221 mL ± 52 mL) ( P>0.05). The novel reduction group had a significantly higher rate of acceptable TPA [78.2% (18/23)] than the conventional reduction group [48.1%(13/27)]( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the surgical treatment of complicated tibial plateau fractures, compared with conventional reduction technique, our novel reduction technique can increase the rate of acceptable reduction but not operation time nor intraoperative bleeding.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 869-875, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865122

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of ex vivo liver resection and autotransplantation (ELRA) for liver complex space-occupying lesions.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 50 patients with liver complex space-occupying lesions who underwent ELRA in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University between June 2009 and May 2017 were collected. There were 36 males and 14 females, aged from 13 to 69 years, with a median age of 51 years. All patients underwent ELRA. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination or telephone interview. Patients were followed up according to the individual follow-up plan in the first 6 months after discharge, and then once every 3 to 6 months to detect tumor recurrence and survival up to May 2019. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates and draw survival curves, and Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. Results:(1) Surgical situations: all the 50 patients underwent ELRA successfully, and postoperative pathological examination showed the R 0 resection rate was 100%(50/50). The operation time of the 50 patients were (630±186)minutes, of which 9 patients with liver benign occupation had the operation time of (684±168)minutes and 41 patients with liver malignant tumor had the operation time of (618±190)minutes. The operation time of temporary reconstruction of inferior vena cava and portacaval shunt, time of anhepatic phase, volume of intraoperative blood loss of the 50 patients were (35±9)minutes, (256±71)minutes, 2 000 mL(range, 400-10 000 mL), respectively. The remnant liver mass to standard liver mass ratio of the 50 patients was 65%±16%, of which 9 patients with liver benign occupation had the remnant liver mass to standard liver mass ratio of 63%±14% and 41 patients with liver malignant tumor had the remnant liver mass to standard liver mass ratio of 65%±17%. Of the 50 patients, 35 had vascular invasion (7 cases with liver benign occupation, 28 cases with liver malignant tumor), of which 24 (6 cases with liver benign occupation, 18 cases with liver malignant tumor) underwent in vitro vascular reconstruction, 12 (5 cases with liver benign occupation, 7 cases with liver malignant tumor) had bile duct invasion and underwent choledochojejunostomy due to the inability of the common bile duct to anastomose the ends. Two cases with liver metastasis of gastric cancer, one case with liver metastasis of colon cancer and one case with liver metastasis of pancreatic cancer underwent radical gastrectomy, radical resection of colon cancer, and pancreaticoduodenectomy, respectively. (2) Postoperative situations: the duration of postoperative hospital stay of the 50 patients were 25 days (range, 11-169 days). Of the 50 patients, 12 had pleural effusion who were treated with pleural puncture drainage, 10 had bile leakage who were treated with abdominal puncture drainage, 3 had bile duct anastomotic leakage who were treated with endoscopic nasobiliary drainage or biliary stent implantation, 6 underwent reoperation among which 4 underwent exploratory laparotomy due to abdominal hemorrhage, 1 underwent portal vein reconstruction due to abdominal hemorrhage combined with portal vein thrombosis, and 1 underwent salvage liver transplantation due to liver failure. Nine of the 50 patients died within 90 days after surgery, all of whom had liver malignant tumor. Among them, 3 died of multi-organ dysfunction syndrome caused by severe infection, 3 died of acute liver failure, 2 died of abdominal hemorrhage and 1 died pulmonary embolism. (3) Follow-up: all the 50 patients were followed up for 1 to 119 months. The overall survival time, 1-, 3-, 5-year overall and tumor-free survival rates of the 50 patients after operation were 17 months (range, 1-119 months), 68.0%, 45.9%, 41.1% and 41.9%, 33.4%, 30.8%, respectively. The overall survival time, 1-, 3-, 5-year overall and tumor-free survival rates of the 9 patients who with liver benign occupation after operation were 68 months (range, 10-114 months), 88.9%, 88.9%, 88.9% and 88.9%, 88.9%, 88.9%, respectively. The overall survival time, 1-, 3-, 5-year overall and tumor-free survival rates of the 41 patients who with liver malignant tumor after operation were 15 months (range, 1-119 months), 63.4%, 36.6%, 31.0% and 31.5%, 21.0%, 18.0%, respectively. There were significant differences in the overall and tumor-free survival rates between patients who with liver benign occupation and patients who with liver malignant tumor ( χ2=7.626, 11.766, P<0.05). Conclusions:ELRA can be applied in the treatment of liver complex space-occupying lesions. The selection criteria of patients with liver malignant tumor should be more rigorous to reduce perioperative mortality.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 511-518, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865086

ABSTRACT

Objective:To conduct a survey on major surgeon′s mental trauma caused by iatrogenic biliary injury (IBI) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), and explore its influencing factors.Methods:The retrospective cross-sectional survey was conducted. Surgeons who have registered in Chinese College of Surgeons of Chinese Medical Doctor Association and Chinese Surgical Society of Chinese Medical Association were recruited to participate as respondents between December 1, 2018 and January 1, 2019. The survey was conducted by the questionnaires of influencing factors for surgeon′s mental trauma caused by IBI during LC. The questionnaires were distributed to participants via WeChat on the Wenjuanxin platform. Observation indicators: (1) results of questionnaire survey; (2) analysis of influencing factors for severe mental trauma of major surgeons caused by IBI during LC. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as Mean± SD, and count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages. The chi-square test was used for univariate analysis. Factors with P<0.10 in the univariate analysis were included in multivariate analysis, and Logistic regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results:(1) Results of questionnaire survey. A total of 606 questionnaires were retrieved. ① Basic information of major surgeons: of the 606 major surgeons, there were 596 males and 10 females, aged (41±7)years, with a range from 18 to 62 years. Of the 606 major surgeons, 59.24%(359/606) came from non-teaching hospitals, and 64.03%(388/606) encounted the most impressive case of IBI during LC when they were in the primary or intermediate professional title. For 76.24%(462/606) of the major surgeons, the first case of IBI during LC was the most impressive case, and 69.80%(423/606) believed that careful operation during LC could avoid IBI. ② Patient information: of the patients with the most impressive IBI during LC in each major surgeon′s memory, there were 400 females and 206 males. The proportion of patients younger than 35 years old, in 35-65 years old and older than 65 years old was 9.57%(58/606), 65.51%(397/606), and 24.92%(151/606), respectively. ③ IBI related information: 57.43%(348/606) of the major surgeons indicated that they could receive help from senior surgeons in time for the occurrence of IBI during LC, and 78.88%(478/606) of the major surgeons invited senior surgeons to participate in the initial repair. For the most impressive case of IBI during LC, 66.83%(405/606) of the primary repair surgeries were performed during LC, 11.06%(67/606) were performed within postoperative 3 days and 22.11%(134/606) were performed after 3 days. The main repair methods included local repair, bile duct to end anastomosis, and bilioenteric anastomosis, accounting for 24.92%(151/606), 30.20%(183/606), 33.17%(201/606), respectively. The proportion of patients requiring partial hepatectomy, with perioperative death, and requiring multiple repair was 2.48%(15/606), 2.15%(13/606), and 9.24%(56/606), respectively. ④ Subsequent processing on major surgeons: after the occurrence of IBI during LC, 64.85%(393/606) of the major surgeons gained the understanding of patients and their families, 35.15%(213/606) of the major surgeons were involved in medical disputes, 15.68%(95/606) of the major surgeons received administrative punishment from the hospital. About the compensation, 14.36%(87/606) of the major surgeons had to pay for the compensation by themselves, and only 6.77%(41/606) of the major surgeons had medical liability insurance. There were 9.24%(56/606) of the major surgeons invloved in violent conflicts during the medical disputes. ⑤ Psychology-related information of major surgeons: of the 606 major surgeons, 544 had mental trauma including 279 with severe mental trauma. After the occurrence of IBI during LC, 82.01%(497/606) of the major surgeons experienced anxiety and/or depression for more than one month; 63.37%(384/606) of the major surgeons expected to avoid LC or showed tension during LC; 44.72%(271/606) of the major surgeons had a physiological response when recalling the case; 36.14%(219/606) of the major surgeons initiated the idea of not being a surgeon; 6.44%(39/606) of the major surgeons asked psychologists for help; and 5.61%(34/606) of the major surgeons had taken psychiatric drugs such as antianxiety and anti-depression drugs for more than one month. (2) Analysis of influencing factors for severe mental trauma of major surgeons caused by IBI during LC. Results of univariate analysis showed that the hospital type of the major surgeons, participation of senior surgeons in the repair, surgical method of the primary repair, IBI requiring repeated repair, medical disputes, administrative punishment from the hospital, compensation paid by the major surgeon, having medical liability insurance, violent conflicts in medical disputes were related factors for severe mental trauma of the major surgeons caused by IBI during LC ( χ2=7.688, 3.932, 19.764, 13.837, 61.488, 24.904, 30.976, 5.344, 26.285, P<0.05) . Results of multivariate analysis showed that the surgical method of the primary repair, IBI requiring repeated repair, medical disputes, administrative punishment from the hospital, compensation paid by the major surgeon, violent conflicts in medical disputes were independent risk factors for severe mental trauma caused by IBI during LC of the major surgeons ( odds ratios=1.203, 2.198, 2.922, 1.830, 2.405, 2.171, 95% confidence interval: 1.033-1.402, 1.143-4.226, 1.944-4.391, 1.083-3.093, 1.076-5.375, 1.002-4.702, P<0.05). Having medical liability insurance was an independent protective factor for severe mental trauma of the major surgeons caused by IBI during LC ( odds ratios=0.336, 95% confidence interval: 0.126-0.896, P<0.05). Conclusions:Most surgeons in China are troubled by IBI during LC, and nearly half of them suffer from severe mental trauma. Surgical method of the primary repair, IBI requiring repeated repair, medical disputes, administartive punishment from the hospital, compensation paid by the major surgeon, and violent conflicts in medical disputes are independent risk factors for severe mental trauma of major surgeons caused by IBI during LC. Having medical liability insurance is an independent protective factor for severe mental trauma of major surgeons caused by IBI during LC.

13.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 168-172,封4, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743015

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the predictive significance of platelet changes on deep venous thrombosis of the lower limbs after total knee replacement,and to guide the early clinical prediction and prevent the occurrence of thrombotic events.Methods A retrospective study was conducted of the 50 patients who had been treated by total knee arthroplasty for degenerative knee osteoarthropathy from January 2016 to June 2018 in the Department of Orthopedics and Traumaology,Xi'an Jiangtong University Medical College Red Cross Hospital.There were 10 males and 40 females,aged from 47 to 80 years (average age 65.1 years).According to the results of B ultrasound examination of the lower extremities,the patients were divided into the non embolic group (24 cases) and the embolic group (26 cases).The platelet counts and hemoglobin levels of the two groups were recorded before and after operation,and their respective differences were calculated.The difference of hemoglobin difference between the two groups was analyzed.At the same time,the difference of platelet count and total knee joint were examined.Whether the deep venous thrombosis of the lower extremity after replacement was statistically significant.If there was no statistical difference in the difference in hemoglobin between the two groups,and the difference in platelet count was statistically significant,the ROC curve was made to determine the optimal screening point.If obeying the normal distribution and the homogeneity of the variance,an independent sample t test was performed on the platelet count difference and the hemoglobin amount difference between the two groups,and the dose data in accordance with the normal distribution was expressed as (Mean ±SD).Results The difference of platelet count was (30.4 ± 14.8) ×109/L in thrombosis group and (53.5 ± 15.2) × 109/L in thrombosis group.The difference of platelet count between the two groups had statistical significance (P < 0.001).The best screening point of platelet count difference was 34.0 × 109/L.The difference of hemoglobin count between thrombosis group and thrombosis group was (20.8 ± 9.3) g/L and (24.0 ± 10.7) g/L,there was no significant difference in hemoglobin between the two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusions Preoperative and postoperative platelet count difference can effectively predict the incidence of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis after total knee arthroplasty.When the platelet count difference before surgery ≥34.0 × 109/L,early prevention of deep venous thrombosis should be avoided.The formation of the occurrence.

14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 867-876, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776463

ABSTRACT

Identifying data-driven biotypes of major depressive disorder (MDD) has promise for the clarification of diagnostic heterogeneity. However, few studies have focused on white-matter abnormalities for MDD subtyping. This study included 116 patients with MDD and 118 demographically-matched healthy controls assessed by diffusion tensor imaging and neurocognitive evaluation. Hierarchical clustering was applied to the major fiber tracts, in conjunction with tract-based spatial statistics, to reveal white-matter alterations associated with MDD. Clinical and neurocognitive differences were compared between identified subgroups and healthy controls. With fractional anisotropy extracted from 20 fiber tracts, cluster analysis revealed 3 subgroups based on the patterns of abnormalities. Patients in each subgroup versus healthy controls showed a stepwise pattern of white-matter alterations as follows: subgroup 1 (25.9% of patient sample), widespread white-matter disruption; subgroup 2 (43.1% of patient sample), intermediate and more localized abnormalities in aspects of the corpus callosum and left cingulate; and subgroup 3 (31.0% of patient sample), possible mild alterations, but no statistically significant tract disruption after controlling for family-wise error. The neurocognitive impairment in each subgroup accompanied the white-matter alterations: subgroup 1, deficits in sustained attention and delayed memory; subgroup 2, dysfunction in delayed memory; and subgroup 3, no significant deficits. Three subtypes of white-matter abnormality exist in individuals with major depression, those having widespread abnormalities suffering more neurocognitive impairments, which may provide evidence for parsing the heterogeneity of the disorder and help optimize type-specific treatment approaches.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 818-822, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707570

ABSTRACT

Bone nonunion,a common complication after fracture surgery,is one of the most challenging problems an orthopedist has to face.Although Ilizarov technique has been proved an effective treatment of infected nonunions or bone defects,it bears such shortcomings as long frame-wearing time and poor compliance.In order to tackle them,many scholars have suggested a combination of Ilizarov technique and internal implants for bone nonunion which greatly shortens the time a patient wears the frame and allows for early ambulation,leading to good outcomes.This article reviews the mechanisms of distraction osteogenesis for Ilizarov technique and advances in application of Ilizarov technique combined with internal implants for treatment of bone nonunions.

16.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 324-327, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705522

ABSTRACT

Chitosan and its derivatives with good characteristics such as non-toxicity,good biocompatibility and degradability,mu-cosal adhesion and permeability promotion etc,have been widely researched and applied in the field of drug carriers. Based on the re-cently published papers at home and abroad,the application and action mechanism of chitosan and its derivatives as drug carriers were analyzed and discussed,and the application and research progress of chitosan and its derivatives as anti-tumor drug targeting carriers, sustained-release and controlled-release drug carriers,ophthalmic drug carriers,gene carriers and gel bases were reviewed.

17.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 56-61, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509086

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore advantage of RNA guiding activity in vitro cleavage assay and intracellular antivi-ral effects for hepatitis C, basing on one external guide sequence (EGS)sequence of the conserved region of 5′UTR of HCV genome .Methods We analyzed the sequence and structure of the conserved region of 5′UTR of HCV ge-nome with computer software and designed one EGS which was direct at the potential targeting site ( C67-G68 ) .We tested the gene expression of HCV in Northern blot and Western blot and its antiviral activity by fluorescence quan -titative PCR in the Huh7.5.1 cell which was transfected by EGS-C67 .Results EGS-C67 had obvious advantage of RNA guiding activity in vitro cleavage assay .EGS-C67 obviously inhibited the gene expression of HCV and inhibit the proliferation of HCV and down-regulate the titer of HCV about 150 times( P<0.01 ) .Conclusions EGS-C67 , the new antiviral RNA has notably antiviral activity in cultured cells , thus could provide a new promising approach for development of anti-HCV strategy .

18.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 158-164, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618682

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at Zusanli (ST 36) on the gastrointestinal motility and the ultrastructures of pacemaker cells [the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC)] in diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) rats and explore the mechanism of EA for DGP.Methods: A total of 50 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into group A, group B, group C, group D and group E, with 10 rats in each group. Group A was the blank control; a single intraperitoneal injection of 2% streptozotocin (STZ) was performed in rats of group B, group C, group D and group E, with high glucose and high fat diet for 8 weeks to establish the DGP rat models. Group B was the model group and the rats did not receive any treatment; group C was EA at acupoint group and the rats received EA at Zusanli (ST 36), Liangmen (ST 21) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6); group D was EA at non-acupoint group and the rats received EA at the control points of Zusanli (ST 36), Liangmen (ST 21) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6); group E was metoclopramide group and the rats were treated by intragastric administration of metoclopramide. Blood glucose was detected using ONE TOUCH blood glucose meter; gastric emptying rate and small intestine migration rate were measured using intragastric phenol red; ultrastructures of gastric antrum ICC were detected by transmission electron microscopy.Results: The differences of blood glucose between group B, group C, group D, group E versus that of group A were statistically significant after modeling (P<0.01); after treatment, the differences of blood glucose between group D, group E versus that of group C were statistically significant (P<0.05,P<0.01); the gastric emptying rate of rats in group B was statistically significant different from that in group A (P<0.01); the gastric emptying rate of rats in group C was statistically significant different from that in group B (P<0.01). The migration rates of rats' small intestines in group B, group C, group D and group E were all statistically significant different from that in group A (P<0.01); the migration rate of rats' small intestines in group C was statistically significant different from that in group B (P<0.01). The ultrastructure of rat's ICC in group B showed apoptosis compared with that in group A; rat's ICC in group C had complete basement membrane, more cytoplasm mitochondria, Golgi and rough endoplasmic reticulum, showing clear structure, occasional mitochondria swelling and gap junctions with adjacent smooth muscle cells; there were no significant differences between group D, group E versus group B.Conclusion: EA at Zusanli (ST 36) plus other acupoints can regulate the blood glucose and promote gastrointestinal motility in DGP rats, and the mechanism may be related to repairing the damaged ICC structure.

19.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 242-249, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617415

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the electrogastrogram and gastric antrum ghrelin in rats with diabetic gastroparesis (DGP). Methods: Fifty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into group A, group B, group C, group D and group E, 10 rats in each group. Group A was the blank control group without intervention. Group B, Group C, Group D and Group E were treated with single dose intraperitoneal injection of 2% streptozotocin (STZ), combined with 8-week high glucose and high fat diet to establish DGP rat models. Group B was the model group without treatment. Group C was the EA at acupoint group, was treated with EA at Zusanli (ST 36), Liangmen (ST 21) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6). Group D was the EA at non-acupoint group, was treated by EA at the control points of Zusanli (ST 36), Liangmen (ST 21) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6). Rats in the metoclopramide control group received 1.7% metoclopramide solution [10 mL/(kg·bw)] by gavage. Rat's blood glucose level was measured by blood glucose meter; gastric emptying rate was detected using phenol red as a marker; the electrogastrogram was detected by BL-420F biological function system; the protein level of ghrelin was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); the expression of ghrelin mRNA was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results: Compared with group A, the blood glucose of group B, C, D and E were significantly increased before and after the treatment (all P<0.01); after treatment, the gastric emptying rate of group B was significantly decreased (P<0.01), the migration rates of small intestine in group B, C, D and E were significantly lower (all P<0.01), and the protein content of ghrelin in group C was significantly decreased (P<0.01); the expressions of ghrelin mRNA were significantly increased in group B, C, D and E (all P<0.01), the mean amplitudes of electrogastrogram in group B and D were significantly decreased (both P<0.01). After treatment, compared with group B, the blood glucose of group C was significantly decreased (P<0.05), the gastric emptying rate and small intestine migration rate were significantly increased in group C and E (P<0.05, P<0.01), the small intestinal migration rate was significantly increased in group D (P<0.05), the expression of ghrelin in protein and mRNA in group C was significantly lower (P<0.01), the expression of ghrelin mRNA in group E was significantly lower (P<0.05), and the mean amplitude of electrogastrogram in group C was significantly increased (P<0.05). After treatment, compared with group D, the protein and mRNA expressions of ghrelin in group C were significantly decreased (P<0.01). After treatment, compared with group E, the protein expression of ghrelin in group C was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Conclusion: EA at Zusanli (ST 36), Liangmen (ST 21) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) could regulate the blood glucose level of DGP model rats, enhance electrogastrogram activity, promote gastric emptying, and regulate ghrelin expression in protein and mRNA.

20.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 413-417, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512319

ABSTRACT

Objective The establishment of the model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) in SD rats involves lengthy time, severe damage, and death of the rats.We aimed at an efficient and rapid method for establishing an MIRI model in rats to ensure a high success rate of modeling and survival of the animals.Methods Using the trachea intubation-assisted breathing machine, we fully exposed the hearts of 80 adult SD rats (8-10 weeks old and weighing 250-300 mg) by mutilating the 2-3 intercostal muscles.Then, we rapidly positioned and ligated the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery for an hour, and established the model of MIRI at 48 hours after releasing the slipknot.We performed electrocardiography (ECG) before, during, and at 1 and 48 hours after operation, ligated the same part again at 48 hours postoperatively, and measured the size of the myocardial ischemia and infarction areas using Evans-TTC double staining.Results The survival rate of the 80 rats was 90% and the success rate of MIRI modeling was 86.25%.After ligation of the LAD coronary artery, ECG showed the ST segment and T wave elevation, followed by gradual decrease of the ST segment and R wave voltage, the myocardium and cardiac apex muscle grey or dark grey below the ligation slipknot.The heart rate myocardial motion amplitude were obviously reduced after ligation.Evans-TTC double staining revealed an evident myocardial infarction area at 48 hours after modeling and the ratio of the ischemia area + infarction area to the total myocardial area of the left ventricle was 0.43 to 0.55 (P>0.05) and that of the infarction area to the ischemia area + infarction area was 0.35 to 0.45 (P>0.05).Conclusion The modified rat model of MIRI can be fast and efficiently established, with a high success rate of modeling and a low mortality of the animals.

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