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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 895-902, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828836

ABSTRACT

Seven indole alkaloid glycosides containing a 1'-(4″-hydroxy-3″,5″-dimethoxyphenyl)ethyl unit (-) were isolated from an aqueous extract of leaves (da qing ye). Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data analysis combined with enzymatic hydrolysis as well as comparison of their experimental CD (circular dichroism) and calculated ECD (electrostatic circular dichroism) spectra. Based on analysis of and/or Cotton effect (CE) data of -, two simple roles to assign location and/or configuration of -glycopyranosyloxy and 1'-(phenyl)ethyl units in the indole alkaloid glycosides are proposed. Stereoselectivity in plausible biosynthetic pathways of - is discussed. Compounds and and their mixture in a 3:2 ratio showed activity against KCNQ2 in CHO cells. The mixture of and (3:2) exhibited antiviral activity against influenza virus H1N1 PR8 with IC 64.7 μmol/L (ribavirin, IC 54.3 μmol/L), however, the individual or was inactive. Preliminary structure-activity relationships were observed.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 409-419, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690898

ABSTRACT

Eight new C-diterpenoid alkaloid arabinosides, named aconicarmichosides E-L (-), were isolated from an aqueous extract of the lateral roots of (Fu Zi). Their structures were determined by spectroscopic and chemical methods including 2D NMR experiments and acid hydrolysis. Compounds -, together with the previously reported four neoline 14--arabinosides from the same plant, represent the only examples of glycosidic diterpenoid alkaloids so far. At a dose of 1.0 mg/kg (i.p.), as compared with the black control, compounds , , and - exhibited analgesic effects with >65.6% inhibitions against acetic acid-induced writhing of mice. Structure-activity relationship was also discussed.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 933-943, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775013

ABSTRACT

Five new sulfur-enriched alkaloids isatithioetherins A-E (-), and two pairs of scalemic enantiomers (+)- and (-)-isatithiopyrin B ( and ) and isoepigoitrin and isogoitrin and ), along with the known scalemic enantiomers epigoitrin and goitrin ( and ), were isolated and characterized from an aqueous extract of the roots. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic data analysis, including 2D NMR and theoretical calculations of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra based on the quantum-mechanical time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT). Compounds - represent a novel group of sulfur-enriched alkaloids, biogenetically originating from stereoselective assemblies of epigoitrin-derived units. Isolation and structure characterization of and support the postulated biosynthetic pathways for the diastereomers and a rare thio-Diels-Alder reaction. Compounds and showed antiviral activity against the influenza virus A/Hanfang/359/95 (H3N2, IC 0.60 and 1.92 μmol/L) and the herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1, IC 3.70 and 2.87 μmol/L), and also inhibited Coxsackie virus B3 (IC 0.71 μmol/L).

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 46-54, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309986

ABSTRACT

Three new sesquiterpene glycosides, named codonopsesquilosides A-C (1-3), were isolated from an aqueous extract of the dried roots of Codonopsis pilosula. Their structures including absolute configurations were determined by spectroscopic and chemical methods. These glycosides are categorized as C15 carotenoid (1), gymnomitrane (2), and eudesmane (3) types of sesquiterpenoids, respectively. Compound 1 is the first diglycoside of C15 carotenoids to be reported. Compound 2 represents the second reported example of gymnomitrane-type sesquiterpenoids from higher plants. The absolute configurations were supported by comparison of the experimental circular dichroism (CD) spectra with the calculated electronic CD (ECD) spectra of 1-3, their aglycones, and model compounds based on quantum-mechanical time-dependent density functional theory. The influences of the glycosyls on the calculated ECD spectra of the glycosidic sesquiterpenoids, as well as some nomenclature and descriptive problems with gymnomitrane-type sesquiterpenoids are discussed.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 215-222, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310033

ABSTRACT

Four new acetylenes (1-4) and one new unsaturated ω-hydroxy fatty acid (5), together with 5 known analogues, were isolated from an aqueous extract of Codonopsis pilosula roots. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic and chemical methods. The new acetylenes are categorized as an unusual cyclotetradecatrienynone (1), tetradecenynetriol (2), and rare octenynoic acids (3 and 4), respectively, and 3 and 4 are possibly derived from oxidative metabolic degradation of 1 and/or 2. The absolute configuration of 1 was assigned by comparison of the experimental circular dichroism (CD) spectrum with the calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra of stereoisomers based on the quantum-mechanical time-dependent density functional theory, while the configuration of 2 was assigned by using modified Mosher׳s method based on the MPA determination rule of Δδ RS values for diols.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 350-357, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310016

ABSTRACT

Seven new 4-hydroxybenzyl-substituted amino acid derivatives (1-7), together with 11 known compounds, were isolated from an aqueous extract of the rhizomes of Gastrodia elata Blume. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic and chemical methods. Compounds 1-3 are pyroglutamate derivatives containing 4-hydroxybenzyl units at the N atom and 4-7 are the first examples of natural products with the 4-hydroxybenzyl unit linked via a thioether bond to 2-hydroxy-3-mercaptopropanoic acid (4-6) and 2-hydroxy-4-mercaptobutanoic acid (7), which would be biogenetically derived from cysteine and homocysteine, respectively. The structures of 1 and 2 were verified by synthesis, while the absolute configurations of 4, 5 and 7 were assigned using Mosher's method based on the MPA determination rule of Δδ RS values. The known compound 4-(hydroxymethyl)-5-nitrobenzene-1,2-diol (8) exhibited activity against Fe(2+)-cysteine induced rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation with IC50 values of 9.99×10(-6) mol/L.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263940

ABSTRACT

Twenty-one compounds were isolated from an ethanol extract of Machilus wangchiana by a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 and reversed-phase HPLC. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic data analysis including optical rotation, UV, IR, MS, and NMR data. The compounds are categorized as eight butanolides (1-8), eight lignans (9-16), and five terpenoids (17-21). Compound 16 is a new natural product with an uncommon heptanorlignan skeleton. Meanwhile, the unique Ginkgo biloba (maidenhair) metabolites ginkgolides A (19) and ginkgolides B (20) were obtained from this material. In the preliminary assays, compound 5 showed selective inhibitory activities against human stomach cancer cells (BGC-823) and ovary cancer cells (A2780) with IC50 values of 0.13 x 10(-6) and 2.66 x 10(-6) mol x L(-1), respectively. Compounds 8 and 9, at 1 x 10(-5) mol x L(-1), showed inhibitory activities against the release of beta-glucuronidase of the polymorphous nuclear leukocytes induced by platelet activating factor (PAF), with inhibition rates of 60.0% and 54.2%.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Lauraceae , Chemistry , Molecular Structure
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267043

ABSTRACT

To study chemical constituents contained in ethanol extracts from roots of Machilus yaoshansis. Fifteen compounds were separated from the roots of M. yaoshansis by using various chromatographic techniques. Their structures were identified on the basis of their physicochemical properties and spectral data as twelve lignans(+)-guaiacin (1), kadsuralignan C (2), (+)-isolariciresinol (3), 5'-methoxy-(+)-isolariciresinol (4), (7'S, 8R, 8'R)-lyoniresinol (5), meso-secoisolariciresinol (6), isolariciresinol-9'-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside (7), 5'-methoxy-isolariciresinol-9'-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside (8), lyoniresinol-9'-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside (9), (2R, 3R) -2, 3-dihydro-2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-7-methoxy-3-methyl-5-(E)-propenylbenzofuran (10), 3, 5'-dimethoxy-4', 7-epoxy-8, 3'-neolignan-4, 9, 9'-triol (11), nectandrin B (12), and three flavanes(+)-catechin (13), (-)-epicatechin (14), and bis-8, 8'-catechinylmethane (15). All of the compounds 1-15 were separated from M. yaoshansis for the first time.


Subject(s)
Butylene Glycols , Chemistry , Catechin , Chemistry , Lauraceae , Chemistry , Lignans , Chemistry , Lignin , Chemistry , Naphthols , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338763

ABSTRACT

Two new compounds (1 and 2), together with twenty-one known compounds (3-23), were isolated by a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over macroporous resin, MCI gel, silica gel, and Sephadex LH-20 and reversed-phase HPLC. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic data analysis as 4-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxybenzyl) benzyl methyl ether (1), 4-( methoxymethyl) phenyl-1-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), hibicutaiwanin (3), 4-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-2-methoxyphenol (4), 4,4'-methylenebis(2-methoxyphenol) (5), L-phenyllactic acid (6) ,4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl ethol ether (7), p-hydroxylbenzyl alcohol (8), p-hydroxylbenzyl methyl ether (9), p-hydroxylbenzyl ethyl ether (10), p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (11), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (12), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (13), gastrodin (14), 4-(ethoxymethyl) phenyl-1-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (15), 4-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy) benzaldehyde (16), p-methylphenyl-1-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (17 ), methyl-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (18), 5-hydroxymethl-furan aldehyde (19), parishin (20), parishin B (21), parishin C (22), and diosgenin (23). The 13C-NMR data of compound 4 was first reported.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Organic Chemicals , Water , Chemistry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338723

ABSTRACT

Fifteen compounds were isolated from the stem (with skin removed) of Sinocalamus affinis by a combination of various chromatographic techniques including silica gel, macroporous adsorbent resin, Sephadex LH-20, and preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data as ( + )-(1S, 2R)-1, 2-bis (4-hydroxy- 3-methoxyphenyl)-1, 3-propanediol (1), threo-guaiacylglycerol-beta-O-4'-coniferyl ether(2), erythro-guaiacylglycerol-beta-O-4'-coniferyl ether(3), ( + )-(7S, 8R, 8'R)-5'-methoxylariciresinol(4), ( + )-(7S, 8R, 8'R)-5, 5'-dimethoxylariciresinol (5), ( +/- )-glaberide I (6), ( - )-syringaresinol (7), ( - )-medioresinol(8), ( - )-(8R, 8R')-4, 4'-dihydroxy-3, 3', 5, 5'-tetramethoxyligna-9, 9'-diol(9), ( - )-secoisolariciresinol-9, 9'-acetonide (10), and ( + )-lyoniresinol (11); a new natural product 2, 6-dimethoxypyran4-one (12), and beta-sitosterol, 4-hydroxycinnamic acid, and 2, 6-dimethoxy-p-benzoquinone. These compounds were isolated from the genus Sinocalamus for the first time, compound 10 should be an artifact.


Subject(s)
Chromatography , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Lignans , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Poaceae , Chemistry
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338697

ABSTRACT

Twenty-one non-anthraquinones constituents were isolated for the first time from an ethanol extract of the roots of Knoxia valerianoides by using a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and reversed-phase HPLC. Their structures were identified by their physical-chemical properties and spectroscopic analysis including NMR and MS. The compounds include ten triterpenoids: ursolic acid (1), oleanolic acid (2), 2-oxo pomolic acid (3), pomolic acid (4), maslinic acid (5), rotungenic acid (6), tormentic accid (7), rotundic acid 3,23-acetonide (8), arjungenin (9), and 2alpha, 3beta, 19alpha, 23-tetrahydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid (10), four sitosterones: (24R)-24-ethylcholesta-4,22-dien-3-one (11), 3-oxo-4-en-sitosterone (12), 7-oxostigmasterol (13), and 7-oxo-beta-sitosterol (14), two lignans: eudesmin (15) and ciwujiatone (16), one coumarin: cnidilin (17), and four simple aromatic analogues: 5-hydroxymethylenefural (18), 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzoic acid (19), benzoic acid (20), and 2-hydroxy-5-methxoycinnamaldehydes (21). In the in vitro assays against human cancer cell lines (HCT-8, Bel7402, BGC-823, A549, and A2780), against deserum and glutamate induced PC12-syn cell damage, and against HIV-1 replication, and inhibiting protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1 B), LPS induced NO production in macrophage, and Fe(2+)-cystine induced rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation, at a concentration of 1 x 10(-5) mol x L(-1), no compound showed activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Humans , Lignans , Chemistry , Mice , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Rubiaceae , Chemistry , Sitosterols , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Triterpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289430

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chemical constituents of Heteroplexis micocephal and their bioactivities.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The constituents were isolated by using a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over macroporous adsorbent resin, silica gel, Pharmadex LH-20, and C-18, as well as reversed-phase HPLC. Structures of the isolates were identified by spectroscopic data analysis. In vitro cytotoxic, HIV-1 replication, neuroprotective, and anti-inflammatory activities were screened by using cell-based models.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Thirty-one compounds were obtained. Twelve of them are phenylpropanols, and the structures were elucidated as (+)-(7S,8R)-guaiacylglycerol (1), ferulic acid (2), cinnamate methyl ester (3), 1-eicosanyl 3,4-dihydroxycinnamate (4), morinin B (5), sinapyl diangelate (6), chlorogenic acid (7), 4-O-caffeoylquinic acid (8), 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid (9), 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid methyl ester (10), 1,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (11) and 4,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid methyl ester (12). Three lignans, (+)-pinoresinol (13), prinsepiol (14) and (+)-pinoresinol-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (15). Four acetophenones, 2,4-diacetylanisole (16), espeleton (17), viscidone (18) and 12-hydroxytremetone-12-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (19). Nine flavones, isosakuranetin (20), hesperetin (21), 3-methoxy-5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxyflavone (22), acacetin (23), 5-hydroxy-7,4'- dimethoxyflavone (24), 7-methoxy-4',5, 6-trihydroxyflavone (25), 3,3'-dimethylquercetin (26), kaempferol 3-O-rutinoside (27), rutin (28). And three coumarins scopoletin (29), umbelliferone (30) and ayapin (31). Compound 6 and 22 showed selective cytotoxicities against a human stomach cancer cell line(BGC-823) and a human lung cancer cell line (A549) with IC50 values of 3.74 x 10(-5) and 7.17 x 10(-5) mol L(-1), respectively. In addition, Compound 6 showed a potent activity inhibiting HIV-1 replication with an IC50 value of 4.04 x 10(-6) mol L(-1), while 22 showed neuroprotective activity Against the MPP+ induced PC12-syn cell damage, with a relative protection ratio of 105.2% (P < 0.01) at a concentration of 10(-5) mol L(-1). Compound 26 and 31 showed inhibitory activities against the release of beta-glucuronidase of the polymorphous nuclear leukocytes induced by platelet activating factor (PAF), with inhibitory rates of 75.6% (P < 0.001) and 53. 9% (P < 0.01), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 1-31 were obtained from the genus Heteroplexis for the first time. Compound 6 and 22 possessed selective cytotoxicities against human cancer cell lines BGC-823 and A549, respectively. In addition, Compound 6 showed a potent activity inhibiting HIV-1 replication while 22 showed neuroprotective activity against the MPP+ induced PC12-syn cell damage. Compound 26 and 31 were potent anti-inflammatory agents.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , HIV-1 , Physiology , Humans , Myrtaceae , Chemistry , Neurons , Cell Biology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Rats , Virus Replication
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247369

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chemical constituents of the culture of Phellinus igniarius and their phamacological activities.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The constituents were isolated by using a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and reversed-phase HPLC. Structures of the isolates were identified by spectroscopic data analysis. Cytotoxic, neuroprotective, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, and anti-HIV activities were screened by using cell-based models.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Twenty-nine constituents were isolated. Their structures were identified as three sesquiterpenes: 3S,9R,10S-3-hydroxy-11, 12-O-isopropyldrimene(1), 3S, 9R, 10S-3, 11, 12-trihydroxydrimene (2), and 3S, 4S, 9R, 10S-11, 12, 14-trihydroxydrimene(3); three steriods: 24R-ergosta-4, 6, 8(14), 22-tetraen-3-one (4), stigmasta-7, 22-diene-3b, 5a, 6a-triol (5), and 5a, 8a-epi dioxyergosta-6, 22-diene-3b-ol (6); fourteen cyclo-dipeptide: cyclo (L-Pro-L-Val) (7), cycle (L-Leu-D-Pro) (8), cyclo (L-Leu-L-Pro) (9), cyclo (ILe-Pro) (10), cyclo (Gly-Leu) (11), cyclo (Phe-Ser) (12), cyclo (Ala-Pro) (13), cyclo (Ala-Phe) (14), cyclo (4-HyP-Phe) (15) , cyclo (L-Phe-D-Pro) (16), cyclo (D-Phe-D-Pro) (17), cyclo (6-HyP-Phe) (18), cycle (Gln-Pro) (19), and cycle (Asn-Leu) (20); and nine other compounds: N-acetyl-phenylalanine (21), adenosine (22), phenyldiethanol (23), o-hydroxy-phenylethanol (24), benzoic acid (25), p-methoxybenzoic acid (26), m-methoxybenzoic acid (27), hexadecanoic acid (28), and 3-pyridinecarboxylic acid (29). In the in vitro assays, at a concentration of 1 x 10(-5) mol x L(-1), compounds 5 and 8 showed neuroprotective activity against MPP+ induced PC12-syn cell damage, with a relative cell proliferation rate of 90.3% and 87.5% (P < 0.05). At 1 x 10(-5) mol x L(-1), compounds 12 and 18 showed hepatoprotective activities against DL-galactosamine-induced toxicity examined in WB-F344 cell, with cell survival rates of 25% and 24%, respectivily.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 1-29 were obtained from P. igniarius for the first time. Compounds 5 and 8 showed potent PC12-syn protective activities, while 12 and 18 showed hepato cytes (WB-F344 cells) protective activities.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Basidiomycota , Chemistry , Cell Proliferation , Culture Techniques , Hepatocytes , Cell Biology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Organic Chemicals , Pharmacology , PC12 Cells , Rats
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251244

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chemical constituents of the roots of Knoxia valerianoides and their biological activities.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The anthraquinones were isolated by using a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and reversed-phase HPLC. Structures of the isolates were identified by their physical-chemical properties and spectroscopic analysis including 2D NMR and MS. Antioxidant, anti-HIV, neuroprotective, and cytotoxic activities were screened by using cell-based models.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Twenty-two constituents were isolated from an ethanolic extract of the roots of K. valerianoides. Their structures were identified as nordamnacanthal (1), ibericin (2), rubiadin (3), damnacanthol (4), 2-ethoxymethylknoxiavaledin (5), 3-hydroxymorindone (6), knoxiadin (7), 2-formyl knoxiavaledin (8), lucidin (9), xanthopurpurin (10), 1, 3-dihydroxy-2-methoxy-9, 10- anthraquinone (11), lucidin(-methyl ether (12), digiferruginol (13), 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-9,10-anthraquinone (14), rubiadin-1-methyl ether (15), 6-methoxylucidin (-ethyl ether (16), 1,3,6-trihydroxy-2-methyl-9,10-anthraquinone (17), 1,3-dihydroxy-2-hydroxy methyl-6-methoxy-9,10-anthraquinone (18), 1,3,6-trihydroxy-2-methoxymethyl-9,10- anthraquinone (19), 3,6-dihydroxy-2- hydroxymethyl-9,10-anthraquinone (20), and 1,6-dihydroxy-2-methyl-9,10-anthra quinone (21). In the in vitro assays, at a concentration of 1 x 10(-5) mol x L(-1), no compounds were active against human cancer cell lines (HCT-8, Bel7402, BGC-823, A549, and A2780), deserum and glutamate induced PC12-syn cell damage, LPS induced NO production in macrophage, Fe2+-cystine induced rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation, HIV-1 replication, and protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 9-21 were obtained from the roots of K. valerianoides for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anthraquinones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cell Line , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Molecular Structure , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Rats , Rubiaceae , Chemistry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285361

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate chemical constituents of the stems and branches of Adina polycephala and their pharmacological activities.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The constituents were isolated by a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and C-18, as well as reversed-phase HPLC. Structures of the isolates were identified by spectroscopic data analysis. In vitro cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-HIV, neuroprotective and anti-diabetic activities were screened by using cell-based models.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Twenty-eight constituents were isolated. Their structures were identified as clemochinenoside B (1), kelampayoside A (2), osmanthuside H (3), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenol-beta-D-[6-O-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxylbenzoate)]-glucopyranoside (4), and syringic acid beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (5). Ten iridoidal glycosides: geniposidic acid (6), geniposide (7), 6beta-hydroxygeniposide (8), 6beta-hydroxygeniposide (9), ixoside (10), ixoside 11-methyl ester (11), 11-methyl forsythide (12), 7beta-hydroxysplendoside (13), gardoside (14) and mussaenosidic acid (15), (+) -pinoresinol (16), (+) -medioresinol (17), (+) -syringaresinol (18), (-)-lariciresinol (19), evofolin-B (20), alpha-hydroxyacetovaillone (21), syringic acid (22), vanillin (23), 3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenol (24), and 2,6-dimethoxy-1, 4-benzoquinone (25), beta-sitosterol (26), mannitol (27), and daucosterol (28). At a concentration of 1.0 x 10(-5) mol x L(-1), these compounds were inactive in the assays, including cytotoxicity against human tumor cell lines (HCT-8, Bel-7402, BGC-823, A549 and A2780), anti-inflammatory activity against the release of beta-glucuronidase in rat polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) induced by platelet-activating factor (PAF), antioxidant activity in Fe(2+)-cystine-induced rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation, anti-HIV activity against HIV-1 replication, neuroprotective activity against serum deprivation or glutamate induced neurotoxicity in cultures of PC12 cells, and the inhibitory activity against protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 1-20 were obtained from the genus Adina for the first time. The 13C-NMR data of compounds 10 and 11 were reassigned. A further evaluation of pharmacological activity of these compounds is expected.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Molecular Structure , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Rats , Rubiaceae , Chemistry
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279340

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chemical constituents of tuber of Gymnadenia conopsea.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The constituents were isolated by using a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and C-18, as well as reversed-phase HPLC. Structures of the isolates were identified by spectroscopic data analysis.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Thirty-four compounds were isolated. Their structures were identified as six 2-isobutyltartrate benzyl ester glucosides: coelovirin A (1), coelovirin B (2), coelovirin E (3), coelovirin D (4), dactylorhin B (5) and loroglossin (6). Three 2-isobutylmalate benzyl ester glucosides: dactylorhin A (7), dactylorhin E (8) and militarine (9). Three lignans: arctigenin (10), lappaol A (11) and lappaol F (12). Six aromatic acid (alhyde or alcohol) derivatives: 4-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxyl-trans-phenylpropenoic acid (13), 4-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxyl-cis-phenylpropenoic acid (14), gastrodin (15), 4-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxylphenylaldehyde (16), 4-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxylbenzyl methyl ether (17), 4-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxyloxylbenzyl ethyl ether (18), and bis(4-hydroxybenzyl) ether mono 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (19). Four cyclodipeptides: cyclo(L-Leu-L-Tyr) (20), cyclo(L-Leu-L-Pro) (21), cyclo(L-Val-L-Tyr) (22), and cyclo(L-Ala-D-Phe) (23). One N6-substituted andenosine: N6-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-adenine riboside (24). An aromatic amide: N-trans-feruloyltyramine (25). Nine aromatic acids (or aldehyde or alcohol): 3-hydroxybenzoic acid (26), 4-hydroxyisophthalic acid (27), 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol (28), 4-hydroxybenzyl methyl ether (29), 4-hydroxybenzylaldehyde (30), 4-hydroxybenzoic acic (31), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acid (32), trans-p-hydroxyphenylpropenoic acid (33), and cis-p-hydroxyphenylpropenoic acid (34). At a concentration of 1.0 x 10(-6) mol x L(-1), compounds 10-12 showed antioxidative activity inhibiting Fe(+2) -cystine induced rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation with inhibitory rates of 53%, 59%, and 52%, respectively(positive control VE with 35% inhibition).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These compounds were obtained from the genus Gymnadenia for the first time except for 5-7, 9, 15, 28-34. Compounds 10-12 possess antioxidant activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Lipid Peroxidation , Microsomes, Liver , Metabolism , Orchidaceae , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Rats
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281027

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chemical constituents of Heteroplexis nicocephala.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The constituents were isolated by using a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over silica gel, Pharmadex LH-20, and C-18, as well as reversed-phase HPLC. Structures of the isolates were identified by spectroscopic data analysis. In vitro cytotoxic, neuroprotective, and anti-inflammatory activities were screened by using cell-based models.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Seventeen terpenoids were isolated. The structures were identified as two monoterpenoids: (-)-bomyl ferulate(1) and loliolide(2). Seven sesquiterpenoids: 1beta-hydroxy-alpha-cyperone(3) , alpha-rotunol(4), 10alpha-hydroxycadin-4-en-15-al (5), 1-epi-10beta-hydroxycadin-4-en-15-al(6), 10alpha-hydroxyisodauc-3-en-15-al(7), germacrene B(8), and mandassidione(9). Five diterpenoids: 12-epi-bacchotricuneatin A(10), 1-hydroxy-12-epi-bacchotricuneatin A(11), cleroinermin(12), desoxyarticulin(13), and anhydroolearin(14). And three triterpenoids: friedelin (15), ursolic acid(16), and obtusalin(17). In the in vitro assays, 1 showed selective cytotoxic activity against BGC-823, with an IC50 value of 8.00 x 10(-5) mol x L(-1). At a concentration of 1 x 10(-5) mol x L(-1), 12 showed neuroprotective activity against MPP+ induced PC12-syn cell damage, with a relative cell proliferation rate of 104.32% (P < 0.001). 2 exhibited inhibitory activity against the release of beta-glucuronidase from the polymorphous nuclear leukocytes induced by PAF, with an inhibitory rate of 52.7% (P < 0.05) at the same concentration.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 1-17 were obtained from the genus Heteroplexis for the first time. 1 showed selective cytotoxic activity against human gastric cancer cell lines (BGC-823), 12 and 2 showed potent neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities, respectively.</p>


Subject(s)
Anti-HIV Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Asteraceae , Chemistry , Cell Line , Cell Survival , Diterpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology , HIV-1 , Humans , Molecular Structure , Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular , Sesquiterpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Terpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 82-6, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382514

ABSTRACT

By using a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over silica gel and Pharmadex LH-20 and reversed-phase HPLC, two minor new compounds, labda-12, 14-dien-6beta, 7alpha, 8beta, 17-tetraol (1), 2, 3-cis-6-acetyl-5-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethylvinyl)-2, 3-dihydrobenzofuran-3-ol angelate (2), and a minor new natural product 6-methoxy-4-methyl-3, 4-dihydro-2H-naphthalen-1-one (3) have been isolated from an ethanolic extract of Heteroplexis micocephala. Their structures were elucidated with spectroscopic data analysis including 2D NMR experiments.

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