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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 196-198, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395873


Objective To discuss clinical effects of early (<48 hours after injury) fraeture exter-nal fixation in treatment of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) combined with extremity fracture. Meth-ods The study involved patients with no statistical difference in aspects of age, sex, GCS, fracture ,distri-bution and general condition. According to different treatment methods at early stage (<48 hours), the pa-tients with TBI were divided into Group A (early extremity fracture external fixation) and Group B (early extremity fracture traction or cast immobilization). A comparative observation was done on complications in-cluding bedsore, pneumonia and deep venous thrombosis and on duration in ICU, hospitalization, time for fracture healing and mortality in two groups. Results Incidence rate of bedsore, pneumonia, deep ve-nous thrombosis and mortality in Group A was lower than that in Group B (P<0.05), and Group A had shorter time for ICU, hospitalization and fracture healing (P < 0.05). Conclusion For patients with se-vere TBI combined with extremity fracture, early fracture external fixation is more effective to reduce com-plications, shorten the recovery time and reduce mortality, compared with conservative methods.

Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 199-201, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395807


Objective To investigate the impact of high intra-abdominal pressure on intracranial pressure in patients with traumatic brain injury and discuss the clinical significance of abdominal decom-pression. Methods Intra-abdominal pressure and intracranial pressure of 15 patients with abdominal trauma and brain injury were observed to discuss changes of intracranial pressure after abdominal decom-pression. Results After abdominal decompression, all patients got lower intracranial pressure, with decrease of (15.2±3.6) mm Hg. Conclusion Intra-abdominal pressure does affect intracranial pres-sure for patients with abdominal trauma and brain injury. Abdominal decompression may be effective for high intracranial pressure.

Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 202-205, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395771


Objective To compare curative effect of decompression and conservative treatment for traumatic superior orbital fissure syndrome to discuss the operation indications and the operative oppor-tunity for this syndrome. Methods Data of 12 patients (seven males and five females) with 14 sides were compared to evaluate different curative effect between decompression and conservative treatment so as to optimize the initial corresponding treatment. Results The patients were at mean age of 28 years and followed up for mean six months. All patients were complicated by one and more of following symptoms in-cluding ophthalmoplegia, ptosis, proptosis and anaesthesia in the distribution of V1 and a fixed dilated pupil. There was one patient complicated by orbital apex syndrome. CT showed involvement of the superi-or orbital fissure in seven patients. Of seven patients treated with decompression, six got recovery at dif-ferent degrees. Meanwhile, three out of five patients treated with conservative treatment recovered to some extent. Conclusions Early effective treatment can improve the functional rehabilitation of the injured nerve. Decompression of superior orbital fissure is proved to be effective in ameliorating symptome, re-ducing disability and improving quality of life.