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1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 612-615, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693289

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of TurboHawk plaque resection system in the treatment of lower extremity arteriosclerosis obliterans.Methods Clinical data of 36 patients with atherosclerotic occlusion of lower extremity treated with TurboHawk from January 2016 to August 2017 were retrospectively collected.The characteristics of lesion,improvement of symptoms,ankle brachial index (ABI) and postoperative complications were analyzed.The measurement data were expressed as ((x) ± s),All patients were reviewed every 3 months after operation,followed up for 3-18 months,with an average of (9 ± 0.5) months.And the ABI comparison before and after treatment were performed by paired t test;the counting data were expressed as rate (%),and the comparison of different stages was performed by chi-square test.Results In 36 patients,the technical success rate was 100%,and the symptoms of lower limbs were significantly improved.The ABI (0.85 ±0.07) and ABI (0.75 ±0.10) were significantly better in 3 days and in 3 months after operation than before operation (0.29 ±0.10)(t =37.76,P <0.001).Postoperative complications occurred in 2 cases,in one case,the artery dissection was covered with a bare scaffold,and in the other case,the blood vessel was ruptured after resection,and was closured by using balloon angioplasty.Conclusion TurboHawk plaque resection system is an effective,less traumatic and safer option for the treatment of lower extremity arteriosclerosis obliterans.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460968

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Many domestic and foreign scholars and institutions are studying how to relieve radiation damage and to find the most suitable drug, while ginsenosides as the main pharmacological ingredient of ginseng show significant antioxidant effect. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the ease effect of ginsenosides on human hematopoietic stem cels under different intensities of ionizing radiations. METHODS: The CD34+ hematopoietic stem cels were isolated from the healthy cord blood. Then the cels were divided into normal group and ginsenoside-pretreated group, respectively, exposed under 1, 2, 5 Gy of X-ray irradiations for 24 hours. Cel viability was detected in irradiated hematopoietic stem cels by MTT assay. Apoptosis was estimated using the folowing assays: Annexin-V assay, caspase-3 mRNA and protein levels. The generation of reactive oxygen species was evaluated, in the presence or absence of ginsenoside in liquid cultures of CD34+ human hematopoietic stem cels irradiated with 1-, 2- and 5-Gy X-rays, using a flow cytometry assay. The Nrf-2 mRNA and protein levels were also studied by western blot analysis and RT-PCR, respectively. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Ionizing radiation at the therapeutic dose could decrease the viability of CD34+ cels and induce the cel apoptosis, and meanwhile, the activity of intracelular reactive oxygen species also showed a progressive increase that was correlated with the dose of ionizing radiation. However, ginsenoside pretreatment could relieve these above-mentioned effects. Ginsenoside inhibited the increase in caspase-3 activity induced by ionizing radiation, and additionaly, enhanced the mRNA and protein expressions of Nrf-2 in CD34+cels. In conclusion, ginsenoside protects CD34+ hematopoietic stem cels from radiation effects, which is probably correlated with anti-apoptosis and anti-oxidant roles of ginsenosides.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-99805

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There is increasing epidemiological evidence of an association between childhood obesity and atopic dermatitis, but little is known about the underlying mechanism(s). In the present study, we used a rat model of atopic dermatitis to assess whether juvenile obesity, induced by reduction of litter size, aggravated the signs of atopic dermatitis and, if so, whether this aggravation was associated with changes in plasma concentration of adipokines, such as leptin and adiponectin. METHODS: Dermatitis was induced by neonatal capsaicin treatment. Body weight, dermatitis score, serum IgE, skin nerve growth factor (NGF), serum leptin and adiponectin, and cytokine mRNA expression in the skin lesion were compared between small (SL, 5 pups) and large litters (LL, 15 pups). RESULTS: The body weight of juvenile rats up to 6 weeks of age was significantly heavier in the SL group, compared with those in the LL group. The SL group showed more robust development of dermatitis, and higher levels of serum IgE and skin NGF than the LL group. Additionally, the SL group demonstrated higher levels of leptin and pro-inflammatory cytokine mRNA but lower levels of adiponectin than the LL group. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest a causal link between a decrease in immunological tolerance, induced by juvenile obesity, and aggravation of atopic dermatitis.


Subject(s)
Adipokines , Adiponectin , Animals , Body Weight , Capsaicin , Dermatitis , Dermatitis, Atopic , Immunoglobulin E , Leptin , Litter Size , Models, Animal , Nerve Growth Factor , Obesity , Pediatric Obesity , Plasma , Rats , RNA, Messenger , Skin
4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 696-699, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441288

ABSTRACT

Because of hardness to heal and easiness to recurrence,chronic ulcer of lower limp has become one of the hardest diseases in clinic,which brings physical and mental pain to the patients.Although medical technology develops rapidly,to find a simple,effective and economic method is still the focus.Here,progress and current situation of treatment were summarized for chronic ulcer of lower limp.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343156

ABSTRACT

The clinical efficacy and safety of topical propranolol hydrochloride gel in the treatment of superficial infantile hemangiomas (IHs) were assessed. Fifty-one cases of IHs from Oct. 2010 to Sept. 2011 were subjected to the topical propranolol hydrochloride gel intervention in Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Military Commands, China. Changes in size, texture, color, peak systolic velocity of the hemangiomas, resistance index and adverse effects were observed. The results were evaluated by using Achauer system, and responses of IHs to pranpronolol were considered scale II (poor) in 4 patients (17.24%), scale II (moderate) in 18 patients (24.14%), scale III (good) in 22 patients (44.83%) and scale IV (excellent) in 7 patients (13.79%). The response of superficial hemangiomas was significantly better than other hemangiomas (P<0.05), and no differences in response were found among different primary sites (P>0.05). Our study indicates that topical application of 3% propranolol hydrochloride gel is effective and safe in treating IHs.


Subject(s)
Female , Gels , Hemangioma , Drug Therapy , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Propranolol
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636661

ABSTRACT

The clinical efficacy and safety of topical propranolol hydrochloride gel in the treatment of superficial infantile hemangiomas (IHs) were assessed. Fifty-one cases of IHs from Oct. 2010 to Sept. 2011 were subjected to the topical propranolol hydrochloride gel intervention in Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Military Commands, China. Changes in size, texture, color, peak systolic velocity of the hemangiomas, resistance index and adverse effects were observed. The results were evaluated by using Achauer system, and responses of IHs to pranpronolol were considered scale II (poor) in 4 patients (17.24%), scale II (moderate) in 18 patients (24.14%), scale III (good) in 22 patients (44.83%) and scale IV (excellent) in 7 patients (13.79%). The response of superficial hemangiomas was significantly better than other hemangiomas (P0.05). Our study indicates that topical application of 3% propranolol hydrochloride gel is effective and safe in treating IHs.

7.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 684-687, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386592

ABSTRACT

Endothelial progenitor cells play a significant role in neovascularization of ischemic tissues and in reendothelialization of damaged blood vessels. Cytokines, an important components of micro-environment of angiogenesis,play an important role in regulation of endothelial progenitor cells. The effective application of cytokines can significantly argument the number, enhance the biological function and improve the therapeutic effect of endothelial progenitor cells, which play a positive role in regulation of endothelial progenitor cells.This article briefly reviewed the regulating mechanisms of the vascular endothelial growth factor and other cytokines in a total of 7 endothelial progenitor cells.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 812-815,封3, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597166

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether acid fibroblast growth factor (aFGF)can augument the number of endothelial progenitor cells ( EPCs), enhance their biological function and inhibit their apoptosis.Methods Mononuclear cells(MNCs) from human umbilical cord blood were isolated by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation,and cultured in vitro. After cultured six days, the attached cells were identified by flow cytometry and confocal laser scanning microscope. The cells were added with aFGF(2, 5, 10 μg/L) for 24 hours. Meanwhile, the attached cells in the group (aFGF 5 μg/L group)of the most obvious effects on EPCs was cultured for 6,12,24,48 h respectively ,accordingly, to explore the relationship between time and effect of aFGF 5 μg/L group. EPCs proliferation was assayed with CCK-8 kit assay. EPCs migration was assayed by modified Boyden chamber assay. EPCs adhesion assay was performed by replating cells on fibronectin-coated dishes,and then adherent cells were counted. Flow cytometry was uesd to detect cell apoptosis. Results Compared with control groop, aFGF can argument the number of EPCs and enhance the biological function of proliferation, migration, adhesion. In addition, aFGF can inhibit apoptosis of EPCs ( P < 0. 05 ). The increase and inhibition ratio of apoptosis reached the maximum 24 h after administration of 5 μg/L( P < 0.05 ). Conclusion The results of the present study define a novel mechanism of the action of aFGF: aFGF can augment the number of EPCs, enhance the functional activity and inhibit apoptosis in vitro.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the treatment effect of cytosine deaminase gene combined 5-FC thermochemotherapy for colon cancer liver metastasis in Nude Mice. Methods:The models of liver metastasis of colon cancer had been established by injecting human colon cancer cells Lovo into portal vein in 30 BALB/c nude mice,which were divided into transgenic group and non-transgenic group randomly. Transgenic group:virus supernatant was injected into abdominal cavity(0.2 mL/d,for 5 days); non-transgenic group:sodium chloride was injected into abdominal cavity(0.2 mL/d,for 5 days). In both groups 42 ℃ 5-FC was injected into the abdominal cavity (500 mg?kg-1?d-1,for 21 days). After treatment,all mice were sacrificed,and then PCR and RT-PCR were performed to detect the expression of targeted gene in carcinoma. The pathology changes of tumor were observed. Results:The targeted gene were detected in the tumor tissues. The rates of liver metastasis tumors were 26.7%(4/15),100.0%(15/15) in transgenic group and non-transgenic group respectively(P

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394737

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of tissue specific cytosine deaminase/5-fluorocytosine (CD/5-FC) thermotherapy on hepatic metastasis of colonic carcinoma in nude mice. Methods Forty-five nude mice were randomly divided into control group, 5-FC group and 5-FC thermotherapy group according to the random number table (15 mice in each group). Mice models of hepatic metastasis of colonic carcinoma were established by portal vein injection of LoVo/CEACD cells. The hepatic metastasis rate and number of metastatic nodules of the 3 groups were compared by ehi-square test and one-way ANOVA. The pathological changes in tumor tissues and apoptotic index of tumor cells were observed. The expression of the CD gene in tumor tissues was detected by fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot. Results The number of metastatic nodules and liver metas-tasis rate were 4.6±1.3 and 100.0% in control group, 2.2±1.0 and 60.0% in 5-FC group, 0.5±0.8 and 13.3% in 5-FC thermotherapy group, with statistical difference among the 3 groups (F=25.898, χ2=5.208, 19.548, 5.168, P<0.05). The mean apoptotic indexes of tumor cells of the 3 groups were 4.6%, 9.9% and 17.4%, respectively. Vacuolar degeneration, cell necrosis, cytolysis and apoptotic bodies were mostly observed in the 5-FC thermotherapy group. The expression of CD gene in tumor tissue was detected in all the groups. Conclusion Tissue specific CD/5-FC thermotherapy has inhibitory effects on the hepatic metastasis of LoVo cells transfected with CD gene.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 254-256, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401067

ABSTRACT

Surgical treatment of colon cancer is the first choice in the therapy stages,supplemented with systemicor local radiotherapy and chemotherapy.With the developement of molecular biology,there has been a variety of treatment program,some of these methods have been accepted in clinical testing stage.But the safety of the treatment on colon cancer is still a hot topic.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 510-512, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399045

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of Anisodamine chronic administration on the vascular function and morphology of SHR. Methods The SHR were injected by chronic abdominal Anisodamine; Then the SHR were sacrificed after ten weeks. The abdominal aorta were obtained after perfusion and the changes of aorta morphology were observed under a microscope. The influence of Anisedamine on the vasculovr funtion was investigated by the rat's aorta rings perfusion. Results In the physiological state, given SHR long-term Anisodamine, the vascular endothelial and smooth muscle relaxation will significantly improve; Anisodamine chronic adminstration can inhibit the formation of aortic aneurysm and change a benign vascular structure. Conclusion Anisodamine chronic adminstration will improve the vascular endothelial and smooth muscle relaxation, and change a benign vascular structure, Anisodamine has a protective effect on endothelial and smooth muscle.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-521722

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the mechanism of SW480 cell line death caused by transfection of retroviral vector-G1CEACDNa.Methods Plasmid G1CEACDNa was transferred into the SW480 cell line using liposomes method. RT-PCR was performed to examin the expression of CD gene indrectly.The cell growth curve was measured by means of cell counting. When the CD+SW480 cells were exposed to 5-FC (1mmol/L), the growth inhibition rate and the "bystander effect" were detected by MTT method.The ultrastructure was observed by electron microscope.Apoptosis was verified by flow cytometer .Results The product of RT-PCR showed a band at 1.5kb on the photo of electrophoresis. The growth of CD+ SW480 cells was inhibited 24h after administrating 5-FC,and the inhibition rates at 72h,96h,120h were 30.0%,50.0% and 80.0%,respectively.Apoptosis cells in different phases and apoptotic bodies in the field of electron microscope were observed. Meanwhile ,a few cells showed necrosis.Flow cytometer verified that a few cells appearred apoptosis 48h after exposed to 5-FC (1mmol/L), the apoptosis rate and the necrosis rate at 72h,96h were 20.2%,30.7% and 19.6%,21.1% respectively.Conclusions The death mechanism of SW480 cells transfected with G1CEACDNa followed by 5-FC treatment includes both necrosis and apoptosis.Apoptosis is possibly the bystander effect.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-532155

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the target effect of cytosine deaminase genetherapy combined thermochemotherapy on liver metastasis of colon cancer in nude mice.Methods Plasmid G1CEACDNa were transferred into the human colon cancer LoVo cells by liposomes method.The models of liver metastasis of colon cancer were established by injected LoVo-CEACD into peritonum in 45 BALB/C nude mice,then which were randomly divided into three groups:The control(C)group;the prodrug therapy(PDT)group and the prodrug thermochemotherapy(PDTCT group)and 42 ℃ sodium chloride,38 ℃ 5-FC and 42 ℃ 5-FC were injected into the abdominal cavity [500 mg/(kg?d),for 21 d],respectively.After natural death of all mice,their life span,rate of liver metastasis and number of liver metastasis nodules were surveyed and compared among the three groups.The levels of the expression of target gene were detected by RT-PCR in carcinoma tissue,normal liver,stomach,lung,pancreas,small intestine and large intestine tissues.Pathological features were observed.Apoptotic index(AI)of tumor cells were analyzed in every group respectively.Results The CD gene was detected in the tumor tissues,but not in tissues of normal liver,stomach,lung,pancreas,small intestine and large intestine.In C,PDT and PDTCT group,the life span was(25.80?3.65),(34.27?4.08)and(41.87?3.91)d respectively;the rate of liver metastasis was 100.0%(15/15),40.0%(6/15)and 13.3%(2/15),respectively;the number of liver metastasis nodules was(2.93?1.16),(0.80?1.01)and(0.20?0.56),respectively;and AI of tumor cells was 4.59%,9.87%,17.4%,respectively.The life span of PDT and PDTCT guoup was significantly longer than that of group(P

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673747

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of thermochemotherapy with 5 fluorocytosine(5 FC) on human colorectal carcinoma cell lines SW480 transfected with carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) tissue specific cytosine deaminase (CD) in vitro.Methods Recombinant retroviral vector G1CEACDNa, in which CD gene was controlled under the CEA promoter, was introduced through liposome technique to the human colorectal carcinoma cell line SW480, and then the cells were selectively cultured in G418. The proliferated colonies were treated with the combined therapy of 5 FC and hyperthermia at a 43℃ over 30 min for 3 times. RT PCR was performed to analyze the expression of CD gene in target cells after thermochemotherapy. Results The CD gene expressed steadily in the target cells after 3 times of hyperthermic treatment. After the transfection of CD gene, SW480 CEACD cells were more sensitive to 5 FC than their parental cells (P

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-677077

ABSTRACT

To study the affection of blood on protein determining in urine, different volumes of blood from healthy volunteers was added to urine samples of varied osmolatites. Specimens were analyzed for protein concentration by the method of 3% sulfosalicylic acid. Microscopic hematuria was not associated proteinuria. In hypertonic urines, the protein of gross hematuria is low (30mg/100ml for the urine with 3% RBC, 32. 4mg/100ml for the urine with 1% blood), while in iso and hypotonic urines gross hematuria produced marked proteinuria (225—1090mg/100ml). Urine protein electrophoreses identified hemoglobin as the responsible protein. The protein concentration in urine may he used to distinguish glomerular hematuria from nonglomerular hematuria.

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