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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868127


Objective:To detect karyotype homology of vaginal isolates from patients with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) in recurrent episodes, and to discuss changes of susceptibility of Candida strains to antifungal drugs with clinical progress.Method:s Ten patients were recruited from Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University from September 2018 to June 2019, who were firstly diagnosed with RVVC. Vaginal discharges were collected before first treatment and after first relapse. Vaginal strains were isolated, purificated and identificated. Then karyotype of 20 strains isolated from 10 patients were detected by restriction endonuclease analysis of genomic DNA (REAG) using enzyme BssHⅡand pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) methods, and sensitivity of clinical isolates to 5 antifungal drugs (clostridium, fluconazole, miconazole, itraconazole and nystatin) was also detected using disk diffusion method. Result:s (1) All 20 strains of 10 patients with RVVC were Candida albicans, and their chromosomes were extremely similar after BssHⅡ enzyme digestion. The gene bands of isolated strains from the same patient were completely identical. (2) After clinical medication, the sensitivity of vaginal isolates to azoles was generally decreased, but remained highly sensitive to nystatin, nystatin (first and second clinical isolates: 100% sensitivity and 100% sensitivity)>clotrimazole (100% sensitivity and 90% sensitivity)>fluconazole (80% sensitivity and 70% sensitivity)>itraconazole (60% sensitivity and 50% sensitivity)>miconazole (30% sensitivity and 20% sensitivity). Conclusions:(1) The latency of the same colonized strain in the vagina may be the cause of repeated RVVC episodes. (2) Antifungal agents could selectively induce drug resistance to Candidas, and Candidas show cross-resistance to antifungal agents. Repeated fungal culture and drug sensitivity test in patients with RVVC are very necessary for correct selection of antifungals.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754879


Objective To study the disease process of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) infection in rat model of VVC, and to study the immuno-repairing effect of different treatments on vaginal epithelium and the ultra-structural changes of vaginal epithelial cells. Methods The VVC model of female rats were established. After successful modeling, the rats were treated with no treatment (model control group), nystatin and Kangfu Xiaoyan suppository. The vaginal epithelium was observed by transmission electron microscopy and immunohistochemical staining. The ultra-structural changes of epithelial cells and the expression of cytokines interferon γ (IFN-γ), interleukin (IL) 4, IL-17 and IgG in epithelial cells were observed and analyzed statistically. Results The negative conversion rate of model control group was 0, and that of nystatin group was 6/6, and that of Kangfu Xiaoyan suppository group was 5/6; significant difference existed between nystatin, Kangfu Xiaoyan suppository group and model control group (P<0.05). The ultrastructures of vaginal epithelial cells were damaged obviously after VVC infection, and the ultrastructures were repaired by nystatin and Kangfu Xiaoyan suppository under transmission electron microscope. Immunohistochemical staining showed, the expressions of IFN-γ and IgG in the four cytokines which played a protective role increased after Kangfu Xiaoyan suppository treatment, significantly different from that of model control group (P<0.05), but there were no significant differences of the IFN-γ and IgG expression between Kangfu Xiaoyan suppository group and those of nystatin group (P>0.05); the expression of IL-17 was increased after nystatin treatment, but decreased after Kangfu Xiaoyan suppository treatment, and the difference between the two groups had statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusions The ultrastructure of vaginal epithelial cells after VVC infection could be damaged obviously, the local immune state is disordered, and the antifungal drug nystatin has a good therapeutic effect on VVC, it could significantly repair the damaged vaginal epithelium structure after VVC infection and strengthen the protective immune function of vaginal epithelium. Kangfu Xiaoyan suppository, one of Chinese medicine, has similar therapeutic effect with nystatin.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344122


OBJECTIVE To report on concurrent mutations of APC and MLH1 genes identified in a family affected with familial adenomatous polyposis(FAP). METHODS The proband was diagnosed with FAP based on her clinical manifestation, family history and histopathology examination. She developed endometrial epithelial neoplasia(EIN) two years later. With peripheral blood samples collected from her and members of her family, genomic DNA was extracted, and mutations of the APC and MLH1 genes were analyzed by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS Two novel heterozygous mutations were identified respectively in the APC gene(c.637C>T, p.R213X) and the MLH1 gene(c.1153C>T, p.R385C) in the proband. The former has resulted in a truncated protein, while the latter has led to substitution of Arginine by Cystine. CONCLUSION The concurrent mutations of the APC and MLH1 genes probably underline the FAP and Lynch syndrome(LS) in this pedigree. As the first female identified with such mutations, the proband manifested later onset of symptoms with certain degree of variation. For patient with FAP, a detailed family history should be taken.Potential mutation of the APC gene should be screened.Non-intestinal manifestations should be searched. For those who have developed endometrial lesion such as EIN, mutation of the MMR gene (associated with LS) should also be screened.