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1.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 223-227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995549

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognosis of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting combined(OPCABG) with coronary endarterectomy(CE) treating the diffuse coronary artery disease.Methods:From January 2012 to December 2014, the clinical data of 2 496 OPCABG patients in our department were retrospectively analyzed, and they were divided into OPCABG group and OPCABG+ CE group. After 1∶1 matching via the propensity score matching method, the perioperative prognosis, long-term survival and adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events(MACCE) were compared between the two groups.Results:A total of 238 pairs of patients were included after propensity score matching. The incidence of postoperative AMI in the OPCABG+ CE group was significantly higher than that in the OPCABG group(5.04% vs. 1.68%, P=0.042). With an average follow-up of 7.3 years, there was no significant difference in the cumulative survival rate(92.44% vs. 88.65%, P=0.159) and long-term MACCE(10.92% vs. 15.13%, P=0.173) between the two groups. Compared with the OPCABG group, the recurrence of angina pectoris(CCS grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ) in the OPCABG+ CE group increased significantly(20.16% vs. 12.60%, P=0.026). Conclusion:The risk of early AMI and long-term angina recurrence after OPCABG+ CE is significantly increased, but the long-term survival and MACCE of OPCABG+ CE and OPCABG are comparable.

2.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 92-95, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995533

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the early effect of water sac blocking and Heartstring for proximal anastomosis of the calcific ascending aorta.Methods:The data of 400 consecutive patients undergoing elective off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCABG) in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2022 to June 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. 46 patients with calcific ascending aorta including 40 males and 6 females, with the age ranged from 53 to 73 years and an average of(65.2±5.1) years, who were revealed by preoperative chest CT scan and intraoperative palpation. According to the method of proximal anastomosis, the patients were divided into 2 groups: water sac blocking group(n=19) and Heartstring group(n=27). The effect of preventing postoperative stroke was compared by counting the incidence of postoperative stroke. The efficacy of the 2 methods was compared by detecting the flow and pulsatility fraction of the saphenous vein trunk during surgery, observing the dynamic changes of the electrocardiogram and cTnI level within 48h after the surgery, and reviewing the coronary CTA 3 months after discharge.Results:There was no perioperative death, and all the patients were discharged 4-13 days postoperatively. No adverse events such as stroke and malignant ventricular arrhythmia occurred during perioperative period. 1 patient in each group developed low cardiac output syndrome postoperatively, and both improved after IABP placement. 1 patient in Heartstring group developed acute inferior myocardial infarction, which was improved after IABP placement. Coronary CTA 3 months after operation showed that there was no proximal anastomotic stenosis in both groups.Conclusion:There is no significant difference between the 2 proximal anastomosis methods in preventing stroke after OPCABG in patients with ascending aortic calcification. Compared with Heartstring, water sac blocking does not increase the risk of proximal anastomotic stenosis. In addition, water sac blocking does not require expensive consumables, which is especially suitable for patients with limited funds and can be generalized.

3.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 292-295, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the early effect of different antithrombotic therapy in patients with coronary endarterectomy(CE) combined with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCABG).Methods:Between January and December 2021, 154 consecutive patients including 120 males and 34 females with the age ranged from 39 to 78 years and an average of(62.6±7.2) years who underwent CE+ OPCABG were evaluated retrospectively. According to the postoperative anticoagulant therapy, patients were divided into two groups: Aspirin+ low molecular weight heparin group(n=81, LMWH group) and Aspirin+ ticagrelor group(n=73, ticagrelor group). The data of both preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin level and blood transfusion after the surgery were collected. The dynamic changes of electrocardiogram and cTnI level were observed within 48 h after the surgery.Results:There was no perioperative death, and all the patients were discharged 5-13 days postoperatively. After the initiation of anticoagulant therapy, the lowest hemoglobin value in the LMWH group and ticagrelor group was(88.3±14.6)g/L vs.(89.5±11.6)g/L( P>0.05), blood transfusion was performed in 8 vs. 5 patients with hemoglobin below 70g/L( P>0.05), peak cTnI within 48 h of surgery was 850.55(410.63, 1 662.63)pg/ml vs. 1 184.60(667.50, 3 169.63)pg/ml( P<0.05), the number of patients with perioperative myocardial infraction within 48h after the surgery confirmed by electrocardiogram was 2(2.5%) vs.2(2.5%), P>0.05. Conclusion:There was no significant difference between the two anticoagulant treatments in preventing perioperative myocardial infarction after CE+ OPCABG surgery. LMWH did not increase the risk of postoperative bleeding compared with ticagrelor. In addition, aspirin+ LMWH reduced the levels of peak TnI within 48 h of surgery, which may be associated with better long-term postoperative outcomes, but further research is needed to confirm this.

4.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 241-245, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934238

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of Milrinone and Papaverine in relieving the spasm of internal mammary artery (LIMA) during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG).Methods:Between April 2018 to December 2018, 200 patients who suffered obvious angina pectoris and three-vessel disease documented by coronary angiography, undergoing OPCABG at Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University were recruited in this study, including 103 males and 97 females, aged 46-74 years, with an average of (59.12±0.49) years old. For all patients, the LIMA was anastomosed to left anterior descending artery(LAD). According to different methods relieving LIMA spasm, all patients randomly divided into 4 groups (n=50): Papaverine surface infiltration group (group Ⅰ), Papaverine injection group (group Ⅱ), Milrinone surface infiltration group (group Ⅲ) and Milrinone injection group (group Ⅳ). The blood flow (ml/min) of the free LIMA, the blood flow of the LIMA-LAD after bypass, anastomotic time of obtuse marginal artery, the use of vasoactive drugs, the outcomes of perioperative period and 1 year after operation were compared in the four groups.Results:There was no significant difference between group Ⅲ and group Ⅰ in the blood flow of free LIMA and LIMA-LAD[(45.50±1.43)ml/min vs. (47.42±1.61)ml/min、(28.60±0.89)ml/min vs. (28.40±0.96)ml/min, all P>0.05]. The blood flow of free LIMA and the LIMA-LAD in group Ⅱ were significantly higher than those in group Ⅰ[(60.36±1.28)ml/min vs. (47.42±1.61)ml/min, (42.40±1.25)ml/min vs. (28.40±0.96)ml/min, all P<0.05]. The blood flow of free LIMA and LIMA-LAD in group Ⅳ were significantly higher than those in group Ⅲ[(70.86±2.00) ml/min vs. (45.50±1.43) ml/min, (59.46±1.25) ml/min vs. (28.60±0.89) ml/min, all P<0.05]. The blood flow of free LIMA and LIMA-LAD in group Ⅳ were significantly higher than those in group Ⅱ[(70.86±2.00) ml/min vs. (60.36±1.28) ml/min, (59.46±1.25) ml/min vs. (42.40±1.25)ml/min, all P<0.05]. The anastomotic time of obtuse marginal artery[(7.14±0.72)min vs. (8.30±0.93)min, (8.10±0.89)min, (8.14±0.90)min, P<0.05], the dopamine dose[(3.76±0.40)μg·kg -1·min -1 vs. (5.02±0.52)μg·kg -1·min -1, (4.84±0.48)μg·kg -1·min -1, (4.90±0.49)μg·kg -1·min -1,P<0.05] and the esmolol usage (32% vs. 60%, 58%, 58%, P<0.05) during the operation in group Ⅳ were significantly reduced compared with the other three groups. The V3 ST depression on the postoperative first day[(0.34±0.18)mv vs. (0.71±0.22)mv, (0.68±0.20)mv, (0.69±0.22) mv, P<0.05], and the TNI on the postoperative third day[(0.24±0.08)ng/ml vs. (0.56±0.15)ng/ml, (0.54±0.11)ng/ml, (0.53±0.12) ng/ml, P<0.05] were significantly lower in group Ⅳ than those in the other three groups. However, there was no significant difference about the first-year patency of LIMA-LAD among four groups. Conclusion:For relieving spasm of LIMA, the Milrinone injection was better than that of Papaverine, which could shorten the anastomotic time of obtuse marginal artery, maintain intraoperative hemodynamics stability, reduce myocardial damage during OPCABG.

5.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 163-167, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885809

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between preoperative high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP) levels and clinical outcomes of patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCABG) surgery.Methods:We prospectively selected 123 patients who received OPCABG at Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2019 to October 2019, and collected relevant preoperative and postoperative data. Patients were divided into a normal Hs-CRP group(78 cases) and an elevated Hs-CRP group(45 cases)according to the cutoff value (2 mg/L) of Hs-CRP level. The data of the two groups were compared, and regression analysis was performed on the postoperative data with differences to define independent factors.Results:The leukocyte count in the Hs-CRP group was significantly higher than that in the normal Hs-CRP group[(6.5±1.6)×10 9/ml vs. (7.4±2.1) ×10 9/ml, t=-2.839, P=0.005]. In the elevated Hs-CRP group, proportion of patients with atrial post-CABG atrial fibrillation (38% vs. 19%, χ2=5.100, P=0.024), duration of hospitalization[(21.2±7.1)days vs.(16.0±4.6)days, t=-4.469, P=0.000], hospital costs[(143.1±30.7)×10 3 yuan vs. (123.7±21.8)×10 3 yuan, t=-4.090, P=0.000]were significantly higher than those in the normal Hs-CRP level group. Smoking ( OR=1.660, 95% CI: 1.186-1.993, P=0.031) and Hs-CRP ( OR=1.170, 95% CI: 1.050-1.294, P=0.007) were independent risk factors for post-CABG atrial fibrillation. Hs-CRP ( B=0.436, 95% CI: 0.197-0.675, P=0.000) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, B=-0.180, 95% CI: -0.289--0.071, P=0.001) were independent influencing factors of duration of hospitalization. Hypertension ( B=-11.256, 95% CI: -20.670--1.842, P=0.020), Hs-CRP( B=1.235, 95% CI: 0.217-2.254, P=0.018) and LVEF ( B=-1.168, 95% CI: -1.634--0.702, P=0.000) were independent influencing factors of hospital costs. Conclusion:The preoperative Hs-CRP level of OPCABG is an independent influencing factor of post-CABG atrial fibrillation, duration of hospitalization and hospital costs. This finding lays the foundation for Hs-CRP combined with other indicators to accurately predict the prognosis of OPCABG and screen high-risk patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 676-679, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912346

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the validity of adventitial collagen cross-linking by glutaraldehyde(GA) to reduce intimal hyperplasia of vein graft in a rabbit carotid artery bypass graft model.Methods:Harvesting 36 segments of the external jugular vein and 6 segments of the internal carotid artery with 3 cm length from the New Zealand white rabbits. The veins were randomly divided into 6 groups and underwent adventitial collagen cross-linking by 0.3% glutaraldehyde for 0 min, 1 min, 2 min, 3 min, 4 min, and 5 min, respectively. All vessel segments were subjected to biomechanical tests and pathological tests. Carotid artery bypass graft models were established in 24 New Zealand white rabbits including crosslinked group(n=12) and non-crosslinked group(n=12). The vein grafts were obtained for pathological examination 4 weeks after models feeding, and the intimal hyperplasia of vein graft was evaluated.Results:Adventitial cross-linking increased fiber density of adventitia significantly, and increased the stiffness of the veins as the time of cross-linking increased. And in the high strain region(strain ratio 1.4-1.8), the mechanical curve of veins receiving 3min cross-linking was similar to that of the carotid artery. The patent rate of the vein grafts of rabbit models was 100% after 4 weeks. Comparing with non-crosslinked group, the intimal and medial thickness of vein grafts in crosslinked group were reduced remarkably[(78.83±9.02)μm vs.(140.19±19.90)μm, (43.75±5.05)μm vs.(58.35 ± 8.61) μm, P<0.01). Conclusion:Adventitial collagen cross-linking by GA can enhance the mechanical strength of the jugular vein, and reduce the intimal hyperplasia of the jugular vein grafts in rabbit models.

7.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 349-353, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912285

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe a distal anastomosis support (DAS) technique, and retrospectively investigate the effect of DAS on the mid-term graft patency of patient with small posterior descending artery.Methods:Between January and December 2016, 100 patients with triple-vessel disease and small PDA who continuously underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) (OPCABG group, n=50) and OPCABG with DAS for anastomosis of PDA grafted by saphenous vein (SVG) (OPCABG+ DAS group, n=50) were evaluated retrospectively. The dynamic changes of electrocardiogram and TnI level were observed within 48h after the surgery. All patients came back to follow-up visit 6th, 12th, 24th and 36th postoperative month. The primary endpoint was the graft failure (FitzGibbon B or O) of SVG-PDA on the follow-up CTA.Results:There was no death during the operation. There was no acute inferior wall myocardial infarction confirmed by electrocardiogram. Peak TnI within 48h of surgery was 0.74(0.98)ng/ml vs. 0.92(1.29)ng/ml, P>0.05, and the number of patients with peak TnI≥70×ULN was 3(6%, 3/50) vs.5(10%, 5/50), P>0.05. There was no postoperative death, and all the patients were discharged 5-15 days postoperatively. We found significantly improved cumulative graft patency in OPCABG+ DAS group at 36 months after operation [85.7%(42/49) vs. 68.0%(34/50), P<0.05). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, PDA with atherosclerotic lesions ( OR=6.513, 95% CI: 1.279-33.180, P=0.024), and peak TnI≥70×ULN within 48 h of surgery ( OR=5.948, 95% CI: 1.128-31.368, P=0.036) were independent predictors of graft failure, whereas concomitant DAS ( OR=0.222, 95% CI: 0.069-0.713, P=0.011) was significant protective factor. Conclusion:Concomitant DAS conferred superior mid-term patency of SVG-PDA in patients with small PDA. Adding the DAS procedure to OPCABG may be a promising surgical option for small PDA with atherosclerotic lesions.

8.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 335-338, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873707

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the changes of the flow parameters before and after the anastomotic port exploration and dredging during coronary artery bypass grafting by using the transit time flow measurement (TTFM). Methods    A total of 167 patients who underwent continuous coronary artery bypass grafting and anastomotic port exploration and dredging surgery in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from 2018 to 2019 were enrolled in this study. There were 136 male and 31 female patients aged 41-82 (58.35±17.26) years. If the probe entered and exited the anastomotic port smoothly, it was recorded as a non-resistance group; if the resistance existed but the probe could pass and exit, it was recorded as a resistance group; if the probe could not pass the anastomotic port for obvious resistance, it was recorded as the stenosis group. In the stenosis group, the grafts were re-anastomosed and the flow parameters were re-measured by TTFM. Results    A total of 202 anastomotic ports were carried out by exploration and dredging. Among them, 87 anastomosis (43.1%) were in the non-resistance group, and there was no significant change in the blood flow volume (BFV) and pulsatility index (PI) before and after exploration and dredging (6.16±3.41 mL/min vs. 6.18±3.44 mL/min,  P=0.90; 7.06±2.84 vs. 6.96±2.49, P=0.50). Sixty-four anastomosis (31.7%) were in the resistance group, the BFV was higher after exploration and dredging than that before exploration and dredging (17.11±7.52 mL/min vs. 4.96±3.32 mL/min, P<0.01), while the PI was significantly smaller (3.78±2.20 vs. 8.58±2.97, P<0.01). Fifty-one anastomosis (25.2%) were in the stenosis group, and there was no significant change in the BFV and PI before and after exploration and dredging (3.44± 1.95 mL/min vs. 3.48±2.11 mL/min, P=0.84; 10.74±4.12 vs. 10.54±4.11, P=0.36). After re-anastomosis, the BFV was higher (16.48±7.67 mL/min, P<0.01) and the PI deceased (3.43±1.39, P<0.01) than that before exploration and dredging. Conclusion    The application of anastomotic exploration and dredging can reduce the occurrence of re-anastomosis, and promptly find and solve the stenosis of the distal coronary artery, improve the poor perfusion of distal coronary, and thus improves the prognosis of patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 296-300, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS) on nocturnal angina in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG).Methods:According to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, this prospective observational study included 76 patients who underwent CABG at Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2018 to December 2018. Patients included 60 males and 16 females, mean aged(61.4±7.3) years, BMI(25.7±2.3) kg/m 2. Portable sleep respiration monitoring and bedside ECG monitoring were performed before surgery. According to the apnea index(AHI), patients were divided into mild or no OSAHS group(AHI<15, 35 patients) and moderate to severe OSAHS group(AHI≥15, 41 patients). Baseline data, hematologic examination, degree of coronary stenosis, sleep breathing examination, night time heart rate and incidence of atrial fibrillation, and nocturnal angina were compared between the two group. Results:Combined with mild or no OSAHS group, moderate to severe OSAHS group had a significantly higher syntax-score(47.3±10.6 vs 35.1±6.8), a significantly higher proportion of coronary diffuse lesions(53.7% vs 31.4%), a significantly faster heart rate[(94.3±21.5)times/min vs(74.8±10.0) times/min], a significantly higher proportion of nocturnal angina(29.2% vs 2.9%). The differences were statistically significant( P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that the fastest heart rate at night significantly affected the occurrence of nocturnal angina in CABG patients( OR=1.320, 95% CI: 1.084-1.607, P=0.006), the syntax-score, the fastest heart rate at night significantly affected the degree of OSAHS in CABG patients( OR=1.269, 95% CI: 1.094-1.473, P=0.002; OR=1.066, 95% CI: 1.004-1.131, P=0.036). Two linear regression showed a significant linear correlation between AHI with the fastest heart rate and syntax-score at night( R2=0.576, P<0.001; R2=0.658, P<0.001). Conclusion:OSAHS can significantly aggravate the degree of coronary artery stenosis in CABG patients, and further increase the incidence of nocturnal angina by significantly increasing nighttime heart rate.

10.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 83-88, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871589

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the outcomes and mechanisms of coronary endarterectomy combined with electrocautery in patients with diffused coronary artery disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods:From January 2017 to September 2018, 300 patients undergoing CABG with left anterior descending artery endarterectomy were randomly divided into two groups, after fully informed the risks and other related issues regarding the operations. All the patients in the two groups were treated with CABG. In the study group, patients underwent electrocautery immediately after endarterectomy, whereas in the control group, patients underwent endarterectomy only. The electrocardiogram and serological examination (TNI, IL-6 and TNF-a) were performed at 2 h, 24 h, 72 h and 120 h after operation. The follow-up duration was 1 year.Results:Nine patients in the study group, and 25 patients in the control group had ST segment elevation. The levels of TNI, IL-6 and TNF-a were continuously increased in both groups, and reached the peak at 24 h, then decreased slowly. The levels of TNF-a were significantly lower at 2 h postoperatively in the study group ( P=0.01). There was no significant difference in the levels of TNI and IL-6 between the two groups. The levels of TNI, TNF-a and IL-6 were significantly lower in the electrocautery group at 24 h, 72 h, and 120 h after operation( P<0.05). One year after operation, incidences of ST segment elevation in the study group were significantly lower than that in the control group, and there was no significant difference in restenosis rate and myocardial infarction rate. Conclusion:Endarterectomy combined with electrocautery may prevent the restenosis of the lumen and blood turbulence, smooth the inner wall of the vessel, slow down the release of inflammatory factors in the peripheral blood, inhibit the expression of inflammatory factors in the vessels, and reduce the myocardial damage. The short-term effect was satisfactory; the long-term anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic effect still need further investigations.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 534-538, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867579

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between serum high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) and severity of coronary artery disease.Methods:From January 2018 to March 2019, 170 patients who underwent coronary angiography and were definitely diagnosed with coronary heart disease in Beijing Anzhen Hospital were divided into single-vessel lesion group(65 cases), double-vessel lesion group(55 cases) and three-vessel lesion group(50 cases) according to the results of coronary angiography.Sixty healthy persons in the same period were set as the control group.The serum levels of HMGB1, endothelin-1, C-reaction protein (CRP), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were detected, and the severity of coronary artery disease was evaluated according to Gensini score standard.Results:The serum HMGB1 of patients with single vessel disease was (7.35±0.75) μg/L, that of double vessel disease group was (11.56±1.16) μg/L, that of three vessel disease group was (14.36±1.46) μg/L, and that of control group was (3.22±1.52) μg/L.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F=14.235, P<0.001). The serum endothelin-1 in single vessel disease group was (198.56±19.86) ng/L, that in double vessel disease group was (226.54±22.64) ng / L, that in three vessel disease group was (435.65±43.95) ng/L, and that in control group was (120.47±13.27) ng/L.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F=16.337, P<0.001). The serum CRP of patients with single vessel disease was (6.21±0.61) ng/L, that of double vessel disease group was (8.54±0.84) ng/L, that of three vessel disease group was (11.36±1.16) ng/L, and that of control group was (3.39±1.56) ng/L.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F=15.206, P<0.001). Serum LDL-C was (3.23±0.33) mmol/L in single vessel disease group, 4.12±0.42 mmol/L in double vessel disease group, (6.23±0.63) mmol/L in three vessel disease group and (2.25±1.45) mmol/L in control group.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F=22.017, P<0.001). Serum HDL-C was (4.02±0.42) mmol/L in single vessel disease group, (2.35±0.25) mmol/L in double vessel disease group, (1.79±0.29) mmol/L in three vessel disease group and (4.60±1.69) mmol/L in control group.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F=18.564, P<0.001). The Gensini score of single vessel disease group was (10.36±2.26), that of double vessel disease group was (16.74±1.04) and that of three vessel disease group was (23.36±2.36). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F=23.014, P<0.001). The levels of HMGB1, endothelin-1, CRP and LDL-C in patients with coronary heart disease were significantly higher than those in the control group, while the levels of HDL-C were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). The higher the number of diseased vessels, the higher the levels of HMGB1, endothelin-1, CRP, LDL-C and Gensini score, the lower the level of HDL-C.Multiple linear regression analysis showed that HMGB1, endothelin-1, CRP and LDL-C were risk factors of Gensini score (standard coefficient was 0.480, 0.087, 0.173, 0.197, t=8.351, 9.047, 12.476, 11.692, all P<0.01); HDL-C level was a protective factor of Gensini score (standard coefficient -0.352, t value was 16.582, P<0.001). Pearson linear correlation analysis showed that serum HMGB1 level was positively correlated with endothelin-1, CRP and LDL-C ( r=0.536, 0.659, 0.724, all P<0.05), and negatively correlated with HDL-C ( r=-0.669, P<0.05). Conclusion:There are obvious inflammatory reaction and lipid metabolism disorder in patients with coronary heart disease.The level of HMGB1 in peripheral blood is closely related to the severity of coronary artery disease.

12.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 744-747, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800480

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility and validity of combined directly epicardial and transapical endocardial substrate ablation guided by Carto mapping for ventricular tachycardia(VT) with left ventricular aneurysm(LVA) intra-operation in a swine model.@*Methods@#Twenty-four swine models with sustained VT and LVA were randomly divided into study group(radiofrequency ablation, RFCA, from epicardium via direct-view and endocardium via transapical access, 12 cases) and control group(endocardial RFCA via retrograde transaortic access, 12 cases). Substrate mapping for captured abnormal potentials via endocardium and epicardium was used to precisely locate the low-voltage areas. After ablation in two groups, VT was induced again to compare the effectiveness of different RFCA strategies.@*Results@#Three dimensional electro-anatomic mapping was implemented successfully in two groups under open chest. And VT substrates were largely located in the border zone of LVA. All objects in the study group underwent endocardial ablation via transapical access smoothly without operative failure. When VT inducing again, 2 cases of study group was with inducible VT, however, VT recurrence in control group was 5 cases, P=0.04.@*Conclusion@#Combined direct epicardial and transapical endocardial substrate mapping and ablation appeared to be feasible and effective for treating VT with LVA under thoracotomy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 629-634, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796965

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the cardiomyocytes regeneration after myocardial infarction in Chinese small pigs, analyze the mechanism of myocardial fibrosis after myocardial regeneration.@*Methods@#Nine Chinese small pigs, weight 18-20 kg, 6 pigs in the experimental group(to ligate LAD at the equal blood flow point), and 3 in the control group(no any operation was performed). Monitor the hemodynamics of the left ventricle. Cardiac specimens were taken after 4 weeks of LAD ligation, the left ventricle was divided into 17 segments, and fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 1 week. Hematoxylin-Eosin/(HE) staining, PTAH、Ki-67-DAB and α-sarcomeric-actin-DAB staining for pathological observation.@*Results@#Four weeks of LAD ligation, different range of infarct size could be found in all the 17 segment of left ventricle. There was significant systolic pressure difference between the proximal and distal part in the left ventricular cavity. After 4 weeks of LAD ligation, there were a large number of new cardiomyocytes around the infarction area, which connected with the original mature cardiomyocytes directly. Large number of disassembled cardiomyocytes in the infarcted area and myocardial fibers were broken, cell structure disappeared, and nuclei were scattered in fibrotic tissues.@*Conclusion@#New cardiomyocytes after myocardial infarction were derived from the mature cardiomyocytes. Myocardial regeneration, cell disintegration, and myocardial fibrosis were performed synchronously under the influence of myocardial tension.

14.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 629-634, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792102

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the cardiomyocytes regeneration after myocardial infarction in Chinese small pigs, ana-lyze the mechanism of myocardial fibrosis after myocardial regeneration. Methods Nine Chinese small pigs, weight 18-20 kg, 6 pigs in the experimental group( to ligate LAD at the equal blood flow point) , and 3 in the control group( no any operation was performed) . Monitor the hemodynamics of the left ventricle. Cardiac specimens were taken after 4 weeks of LAD ligation, the left ventricle was divided into 17 segments, and fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 1 week. Hematoxylin-Eosin/( HE) stai-ning,PTAH、Ki-67-DAB and α-sarcomeric-actin-DAB staining for pathological observation. Results Four weeks of LAD liga-tion, different range of infarct size could be found in all the 17 segment of left ventricle. There was significant systolic pressure difference between the proximal and distal part in the left ventricular cavity. After 4 weeks of LAD ligation, there were a large number of new cardiomyocytes around the infarction area, which connected with the original mature cardiomyocytes directly. Large number of disassembled cardiomyocytes in the infarcted area and myocardial fibers were broken, cell structure disap-peared, and nuclei were scattered in fibrotic tissues. Conclusion New cardiomyocytes after myocardial infarction were derived from the mature cardiomyocytes. Myocardial regeneration, cell disintegration, and myocardial fibrosis were performed synchro-nously under the influence of myocardial tension.

15.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 357-360, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756360

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and clinical significance of medical chemical glue as an external stent in improving the fluency rate of venous bypass graft after coronary artery bypass grafting .Methods Randomly selected 200 pa-tients from April 2010 to December 2016 included who were underwent coronary artery bypass grafting in Beijing Anzhen Hospi-tal.All patients had different degrees of angina , and coronary angiography showed multi-branches artery lesion.They were ran-domly divided into two groups, 100 in each group.Spray gel group: coronary artery bypass grafting simultaneously spraying medical chemical glue on the surface of the bridge vessel.Unsprayed gel group:simple coronary artery bypass grafting.All 200 patients were followed up in June 2018.The follow-up content mainly included: recent recurrence of angina pectoris, recent echocardiography and electrocardiogram report, coronary CTA or coronary angiography results, and current living conditions. The data obtained were collectively summarized and compared .Results The follow-up rate was 96% in the sprayed group, and 92% in the unsprayed group.Compared with the unsprayed group , the incidence of chest pain and angina pectoris was significantly lower in the sprayed group(23.96% vs.40.22%, P<0.05), the venous occlusion rate of the vein bypass graft in the sprayed group was significantly lower(29.17% vs.55.43%, P<0.01), the probability of death due to cardiac causes in the sprayed group was significant decrease(1.04% vs.6.52%, P<0.05), the number of patients with the main adverse cardiac and cerebral events(MACCE) in the sprayed group was significantly lower(9.38% vs.21.74%, P<0.01), all with statistically significant differences .The number of patients with heart failure and recurrent myocardial infarction was lower in the sprayed group, but there were no statistically significant differences .Conclusion Medical chemical glue as an external stent does play a role in improving the venous patency rate after coronary artery bypass grafting , and it is reliable for the preven-tion and treatment of vein bypass vascular stenosis after coronary artery bypass grafting .

16.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 45-48, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735052

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the guiding role of CYP2C19 gene assay in dual antiplatelet therapy(DAPT) after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting ( OPCABG ) .Methods The patients who received scheduled OPCABG between May 2017 and May 2018 were recruited in this study.According to the results of CYP2C19 gene assay, the patients who carried CYP2C19 gene *2/*2,*2/*3 and*3/*3 mainly causing slow metabolism of clopidogrel were randomly divided into two groups: the clopidogrel group(patients receiving 100mg/qd aspirin plus 75mg/qd clopidogrel after surgery ), the ticagrelor group(patients receiving 100mg/qd aspirin plus 90mg/bid ticagrelor after surgery).Patients in the two groups underwent plate-let aggregation rate test first day before surgery and the 1, 4, 7 days antiplatelet therapy after surgery.And the major adverse cardiac events(MACE) was investigated 30 days after surgery in the two groups.Results A total of 244 patients were recrui-ted in the study with the clopidogrel group(n=122) and the ticagrelor group(n=122).The platelet aggregation rate after one day of postoperative DAPT in the ticagrelor group was lower than that in the clopidogrel group[(28.5 ±9.7)% VS(51.8 ± 16.8)%, P<0.05].After 4 days of postoperative DAPT, platelet aggregation rate in the ticagrelor group maintained a stable and desired level.The MACE 30 days after surgery in the clopidogrel group and the ticagrelor group were 3.3% and 1.6% re-spectively, and ticagrelor plus aspirin reduced MACE in patients undergone coronary endarterectomy , P=0.043.Conclusion According to the results of CYP2C19 gene assay, ticagrelor replacing clopidogrel could shorten the duration of desired platelet aggregation rate in patients with DAPT after OPCABG , and may be reduce the risk of MACE after OPCABG and coronary end-arterectomy.

17.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 298-302, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711779

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the risk factors of major bleeding in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery by-pass grafting( OPCAB) .Methods Data on coronary artery disease patients who underwent off-pump CABG between December 2009 and December 2014 were reviewed.Baseline characteristics were compared between patients with clopidogrel discontinua-tion ≥5 days and <5 days.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate the risk fac-tors of perioperative major bleeding.Major bleeding was defined as the Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding(UDPB) class 3 -4.Results A total of 3988 patients who underwent OPCAB were included in this study.Major bleeding rate was 9.23%(n=368).Multivariable regression analysis showed that female sex(OR=1.99, 95%CI:1.57-2.52), age(OR=1. 02, 95%CI:1.00-1.03), lower BMI(BMI≤25 kg/m2)(OR=1.40,95%CI:1.12-1.75), decreased GRF(GFR<60 ml/min)(OR=1.43,95%CI:1.01-2.02), decreased preoperative Hct(Hct <0.40)(OR =1.57, 95%CI: 1.23-1.99) and clopidogrel discontinuation <5 days(OR=1.97, 95%CI:1.58-2.44) conferred a higher risk of perioperative major bleeding during OPCABG.Conclusion Female, advanced age, lower BMI, decreased GRF, decreased preoperative Hct and clopi-dogrel discontinuation<5 days are independent risk factors of perioperatice major bleeding in patients undergoing OPCAB .Pre-dicting risk of major bleeding can help sugeons to optimize perioperative management .

18.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 184-187, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711753

ABSTRACT

Objective Saphenous vein graft(SVG) re-stenosis has an severe adverse effect on the long-term prognosis of coronary artery bypass grafting.Intimal hyperplasia(IH) is the prima~ cause and basic pathology of SVG re-stenosis.Comparing to arterial graft IH,different factors promotc IH of SVG.In this review,we summarized the special factors promoting IH of SVG.

19.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 153-156, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711742

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of early coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) to treat ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction(STEMI).Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 196 patients within 2 weeks of STEMI attack undergoing CABG in our department from September 2010 to December 2014.According to the time-interval between onset of STEMI and the beginning of CABG,all subjects were divided into group Ⅰ (≤6 h,n =46),group Ⅱ (7-72 h,n =37),group Ⅲ (4-7 d,n =52) and groupⅣV (8-14 d,n =61).After CABG,patients' perioperative complications and survival status were analyzed under different surgical time-interval windows to assess the clinical efficacy of early surgical intervention in patients with STEMI.Results Overall in-hospital mortality was 9.18% (18/196),from group Ⅰ to group ⅣV,the mortality was 10.87% (5/46),21.62% (8/37),5.77% (3/52) and 3.28% (2/61) respectively.In all groups,comparing with survivals,nonsurvivals were often women (61.11% vs.24.16 %,P =0.002),were more often companied by cardiac shock(83.33% vs.24.16%,P < 0.001),and had higher preoperative cardiac troponin Ⅰ(cTnⅠ) levels [(14.1 ± 8.4) ng/ml vs.(4.7 ± 3.8) ng/ml,P < 0.001].Multi-variable logistic regrassion analysis revealed that age,female,cardiac shock,renal insufficiency and serum levels of cTnⅠ were independent risk factors affecting postoperative death.Conclusion Under optimal preoperative management strategies,CABG is relatively feasible and effective with the time-interval window as delay as possible after 3 days of STEMI attack.

20.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 43-45, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711718

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the mean blood flow(MF) and pulsatility index(PI) of individual and sequential sa-phenous vein grafts in posterior descending artery(PDA) in the same patient undergone off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG).Methods 140 patients with coronary artery disease were studied.Sequential surgical technique using single large saphenous vein was used in grafts of diagnostic artery(DIAG)(side-side), obtuse marginal artery(OM)(side-side), and PDA( end-side) .Bulldog clamps were used to temporarily arrest the anastomoses of DIAG and OM near the large saphenous vein .Thus the sequential graft became to the single graft , the MF and PI of PDA were recorded in the simulating single graft by the transit-time flow measurement(TTFM), after that, bulldog clamps were removed and the MF and PI of PDA were recorded again in the real sequential graft.The data were compared.Six months later after surgery, coronary CTA were done in all pa-tients in clinic.Results The MF of single graft and sequential graft was(22.5 ±13.1)ml/min and(22.2 ±12.9)ml/min(P>0.05).The PI of single graft and sequential graft was 2.43 ±0.94 and 2.38 ±0.88(P>0.05).The patency of all grafts is good in all patients after 6 months follows-up.Conclusion There ars no hemodynamic differences between individual and sequential grafts in PDA.It is reasonable that the short-term surgical result is the same in individual and sequential grafts in PDA.

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