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1.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 50-58, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005465

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the value of platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in the prognosis of prostate cancer. 【Methods】 Relevant studies were searched in CNKI, Wanfang, CBM, VIP, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Embase databases from inception to Dec.2021. The literature was screeded, data were extracted, and the quality was evaluated according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. A meta-analysis by using the hazard risk (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) was adopted to assess the prognostic value of PLR. The data were analyzed with STATA 16.0 software. 【Results】 A total of 10 studies were included, involving 1 802 patients. For patients with high level of PLR, the overall survival (OS) (HR=1.70, 95%CI:1.25-2.30, P=0.001) and disease-free survival (DFS)(HR=1.44, 95%CI:1.15-1.81, P=0.002) were significantly shorter. 【Conclusion】 PLR is an independent risk factor affecting the long-term prognosis of prostate cancer patients. Pretreatment detection of PLR is meaningful in determining the prognosis.

2.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 586-591, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954328

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence and mortality trends of female breast cancer in China from 1990 to 2019 and the impact of age-period-cohort (APC) on it.Methods:The incidence and mortality of breast cancer of Chinese women aged 20-95 years from 1990 to 2019 were collected from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) in 2019. Joinpoint software was used to estimate the average annual percentage change rate (AAPC) of age standardized incidence and mortality, and analyze the changing trend of disease burden of breast cancer in Chinese women from 1990 to 2019. The R language based APC model developed by the National Cancer Institute of the United States was used to analyze the impact of age, period and cohort on their changes.Results:From 1990 to 2019, the age standardized incidence of female breast cancer in China showed an upward trend, from 17.07/100 000 in 1990 to 35.61/100 000 in 2019, with an average annual increase of 2.59% (95% CI: 2.45%-2.73%, P<0.001) , which was higher than the global level (AAPC=0.47%, 95% CI: 0.31%-0.63%, P<0.001) . The standardized mortality showed a slight downward trend, from 9.16/100 000 in 1990 to 9.01/100 000 in 2019, with a decrease of 0.05% (95% CI: -0.20%-0.09%, P=0.479) , but there was not a statistically significant difference. APC model results showed that the incidence and mortality of female breast cancer increased with age. With the passage of time, the incidence from 1990 to 2019 showed an upward trend, and the incidence risk rose to 1.49 in the 2015-2019 period (95% CI: 1.42-1.57, P<0.001) . The mortality showed a downward trend, and the death risk was the highest in the 1990-1994 period ( RR=0.79, 95% CI: 0.74-0.83, P<0.001) . Cohort effect results showed that the later the women were born, the higher the risk of morbidity. The women born in the cohort from 1995 to 1999 had the highest risk ( RR=3.12, 95% CI: 1.82-5.33, P<0.001) . The risk of death showed a unimodal distribution, showing a trend of first increasing and then decreasing, the later the women were born, the lower the risk of death. The birth cohort from 1950 to 1954 had the highest risk of death ( RR=1.04, 95% CI: 0.98-1.09, P<0.001) , and then showed a downward trend, falling to 0.48 (95% CI: 0.19-1.24, P<0.001) in the birth cohort from 1995 to 1999. Conclusion:From 1990 to 2019, the incidence of breast cancer in Chinese women shows an upward trend, which is significantly higher than the global increase, and the mortality tends to stabilize. APC model analysis finds that the incidence and mortality increase with age, and the period and cohort effects show that the incidence risk of breast cancer in Chinese women gradually increases with the passage of the period and cohort. The period effect of mortality shows a downward trend, and the cohort effect of mortality shows a unimodal distribution, showing a trend of first increasing and then decreasing.

3.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6125-6130, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503360

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The cultivation of mammary gland stem cel s is of great significance for the development of mammary gland and breast cancer. OBJECTIVE:To seek an easy method to isolate and culture mammary gland stem cel in vitro, and verify the safety of cel s. METHODS:Mammary epithelial cel s were isolated from normal tissues surrounding breast cancer, and CD49f-and EPCAM-positive cel s were sorted using flow cytometry fol owed by surface marker analysis and cel colony formation ability analysis. Afterwards, real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR was used to detect C-erbB-2 and Maspin mRNA expression in mammary gland stem cel s, breast cancer tissues and normal tissues surrounding breast cancer. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Human mammary gland stem cel s were successful y cultured and highly expressed CD49f and EPCAM, with the presence of mixed colony, pleural epithelial cel colony, and myoepithelial cel colony. c-erbB-2 was lowly expressed while Maspin highly expressed in mammary gland stem cel s. Our experimental findings indicate that the mammary gland stem cel s derived from normal tissue surrounding breast cancer have biological safety.

4.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3692-3697, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467195

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The assessment for long-term efficacy of chronic ischemic disease is more important than the short-term efficacy assessment, which associates with patient’s long-term quality of life and long-term survival rate. OBJECTIVE:To observe the 5-year folow-up outcomes of autologous bone marrow stem cel transplantation for the treatment of thromboangitis obliterans. METHODS:This study enroled 43 patients of thromboangitis obliterans who underwent autologous bone marrow stem cel transplantation from August 2007 to January 2010 in the Department of Thyroid Vascular Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University. At 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 years after transplantation, pain, cold sensation, and intermittent claudication distance were folowed up by telephone; changes in limb ulcers were observed. At 1 year after transplantation, venous oxygen partial pressure and oxygen saturation of limbs were reviewed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:A total of 38 thromboangitis obliterans patients with complete folow-up data were included in the final analysis. Compared to the preoperation, pain, cold sensation, and intermittent claudication significantly improved. The difference was statisticaly significant (Z values:-4.277,-5.086,-3.574, P 0.05). Intermittent claudication distance had increased. Differences in terms of intermittent claudication distance was statisticaly significant (Z=43.898,P < 0.001). Significant differences in venous oxygen partial pressure and oxygen saturation were detected between preoperation and 1-year posttransplantation (tvalues: 36.790, 43.964,P values: 0.040, 0.037). Above results suggest that autologous bone marrow stem cel transplantation for thromboangitis obliterans obtained stable long-term outcomes.

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