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Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 478-484, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984556


Objective To investigate the effect and mechanism of astragaloside Ⅳ(AS-Ⅳ) activating ROCK/JNK to regulate autophagy in improving isoproterenol (ISO) induced myocardial fibrosis (MF) in mice. Methods The mice were randomly divided into control operation group (Control group), ISO induced myocardial fibrosis group (MF group), AS-Ⅳ treatment group (AS-Ⅳ group) and combination group of astragaloside IV and Y-33075 (ROCK inhibitor) (astragaloside IV+Y-33075 group). After repeated administration for 30 days. The serum levels of LDH, BNP, CTGF in each group were detected. The cardiac function was detected by ultrasound. Myocardial structure and tissue fibrosis degree in each group were detected by Sirius Red and Masson staining. Oxidative stress (ROS) levels in myocardial tissue of each group were detected by DHE staining and the expression of ROCK, JNK, Atg5, Beclin 1, and LC3 Ⅰ/Ⅱ in myocardial tissue were detected by Western blotting. Results Compared with AS-Ⅳ group, the EF value of AS-Ⅳ+Y-33075 group decreased and the degree of myocardial fibrosis increased (P<0.05). The serum level of LDH, BNP, CTGF increased and the level of ROS in myocardial tissue increased while the expression of ROCK, JNK, Atg5, Beclin 1, LC3 Ⅰ/Ⅱ decreased (P<0.05). Y-33075 could block the protective effect of AS-Ⅳ on myocardial injury induced by MF and inhibit the regulation of AS-Ⅳ on ROCK and JNK. Conclusion AS-Ⅳ could attenuate myocardial fibrosis in mice by activating ROCK/JNK signal and promoting autophagy.

Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 399-403, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912294


Objective:To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of 3D printing aortic model for preoperative evaluation and surgical simulation, and to assist interventional treatment of coarctation of the aorta(CoA).Methods:From December 2017 to January 2019, 8 patients with congenital coarctation of the aorta who underwent percutaneous balloon dilatation and covered stent placement in Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 7 cases were male and 1 case was female. The age was(32.00±14.93) years old. Before operation, CT data of patients' heart and aorta were collected, reconstructed with Mimics software, and 3D printing technology was used to make the model of patients' aortic lesions. Before operation, the operation simulation was carried out to determine the best operation scheme and estimate the possible situation, and the relevant clinical data of patients during hospitalization and follow-up were collected.Results:One stent graft was successfully implanted into CoA through femoral artery in all 8 patients. The mean diameter of CoA increased from(3.70±2.94) mm before operation to(18.01±1.51) mm immediately after operation( P<0.05), and the mean systolic pressure difference decreased from(83.75±25.44) mmHg before operation to(14.63±8.09) mmHg after operation( P<0.05). The mean systolic blood pressure of the right upper extremity decreased from(204.13±22.31) mmHg before operation to(145.63±32.08) mmHg after operation( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the two groups. During the period of hospitalization and follow-up, no corresponding cardiovascular complications were found. Conclusion:The short-term effect of percutaneous balloon dilatation covered stent implantation on CoA in adolescents and adults is obvious. 3D printing model can reproduce the anatomical model of CoA site of patients individually, which is feasible and effective for the preoperative evaluation of CoA and the preparation of operation plan.

Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 908-914, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886533


@#Objective    To discuss the operation skill and clinical effects of using domestic balloon-expandable Prizvalve® transcatheter "valve-in-valve" to treat the degenerated bioprosthesis in the tricuspid position. Methods    All the admitted surgical tricuspid valve bioprosthetic valve replacement patients were evaluated by computerized tomography angiography (CTA), ultrasound, and 3D printing technology, and 2 patients with a degenerated bioprosthesis were selected for tricuspid valve "valve-in-valve" operation. Under general anesthesia, the retro-preset Prizvalve® system was implanted into degenerated tricuspid bioprosthesis via the femoral vein approach under the guidance of transesophageal echocardiographic and fluoroscopic guidance. Results    Transcatheter tricuspid valve implantation was successfully performed in both high-risk patients, and tricuspid regurgitation disappeared immediately. The operation time was 1.25 h and 2.43 h, respectively. There was no serious complication in both patients, and they were discharged from the hospital 7 days after the operation. Conclusion    The clinical effect of the degenerated tricuspid bioprosthetic valve implantation with domestic balloon-expandable valve via femoral vein approach "valve-in-valve" is good. Multimodality imaging and 3D printing technology can safely and effectively guide the implementation of this innovative technique.

Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 757-764, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886496


@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility and safety of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) through apical approach for aortic regurgitation of large annulus. Methods    From November 2019 to May 2020, 10 male patients aged 64.50±4.20 years with aortic valve insufficiency (AI) underwent TAVR in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Xijing Hospital. The surgical instruments were 29# J-valveTM modified and the patients underwent TAVR under angiography. The preoperative and postoperative cardiac function, valve regurgitation, complications and left ventricular remodeling were summarized by ultrasound and CT before and after TAVR. Results    A total of 10 valves were implanted in 10 patients. Among them, 1 patient was transferred to the aortic arch during the operation and was transferred to surgical aortic valve replacement; the other 9 patients were successfully implanted with J-valve, with 6 patients of cardiac function (NYHA) class Ⅱ, 4 patients of grade Ⅲ. And there was a significant difference between preoperation and postoperation in left ventricular ejection fraction (44.70%±8.78% vs. 39.80%±8.48%, P<0.05) or aortic regurgitation (1.75±0.72 mL vs. 16.51±8.71 mL, P<0.05). After 3 months, the patients' cardiac function was good. Conclusion    TAVR is safe and effective in the treatment of severe valvular disease with AI using J-valve.

Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 979-983, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613279


Objective To evaluate the efficacy of interventional therapy via apical approach in complex mitral valve paravalvular leakage (PVL).Methods From January 2014 to December 2016,interventional therapy by apical approach was used in 7 patients with mitral valve PVL after mechanical valve replacement.There were 5 male and 2 female with mean age of 42-64 (51.3 ± 7.1) years.Six patients had a history of previous infective endocarditis.There were 3 cases of NYHA heart function =Ⅲ,and 4 cases =Ⅳ.The period of time between interventional therapy and previous operation was 6.5-8 (3.6 ± 3.1) years,with mitral regurgitation volume:9.5-23.1 (13.3 ± 4.7)ml.Interventional therapy of small incision method via the left sixth intercostal was carried out in the catheterization laboratory or the hybrid operation room with the patient under general anesthesia.Follow-up evaluation included peri-operational mortality,complications,improvement of cardiac function,hemolysis and postoperative residual mitral regurgitation.Results The success rate of total operation was 100%.The average operation time was 90-300 (145.7 ± 71.8) min,and the DSA radiation time was 6-25 (12.1 ± 6.5)min,with average hospitalization time of 5-12 (10.2 ± 3.5)d.The main post-operative complications included 1 case of hemoptysis,1 case of hematuria and acute renal failure,and 2 cases of blood transfusion,with blood transfusion volume of 1 200 ml and 3 290 ml,respectively.During the follow-up,there was no death.Mitral regurgitation volume decreased to 0 -1.0(0.43 ± 0.45) ml (P < 0.05).All patients had improved heart function in different degree and no serious complications.Conclusions Interventional therapy via apical approach in complex mitral valve PVL has the advantages of being a simpler and safer approach,less trauma,shorter time of hospitalization,faster post-operative recovery and lower treatment cost.Its disadvantages are high difficult operation,strict indications and high technical requirements for the surgeon.By improving operation skills,choosing individualized occluders and treatment of early hemolytic complications,the success rate and long-term effect of interventional therapy can get further improved.