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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903858

ABSTRACT

Our previous research on coprolite specimens from the mummies of Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910 CE) has revealed various species of parasite eggs. Herein, we added 2 new helminthic cases of human remains from Joseon-period graves in the Republic of Korea (Korea). The organic materials precipitated on the hip bones of 2 half-mummied cases (Goryeong and Gwangmyeong cases) were collected, rehydrated, and examined by a microscope. In the sample from Goryeong-gun (gun=County), ova of Trichuris trichiura, Clonorchis sinensis, and Metagonimus spp. were detected, and eggs of T. trichiura and A. lumbricoides were found from the sample of Gwangmyeong-si (si=City). By adding this outcome to the existing data pool, we confirm our previous estimates of Joseon-period parasite infection rates. The overall rates of A. lumbricoides, T. trichiura, and C. sinensis decreased dramatically from Joseon to the modern period. In Goryeong mummy specimen, we also found Metagonimus spp. eggs that has rarely been detected in archaeological samples so far.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896154

ABSTRACT

Our previous research on coprolite specimens from the mummies of Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910 CE) has revealed various species of parasite eggs. Herein, we added 2 new helminthic cases of human remains from Joseon-period graves in the Republic of Korea (Korea). The organic materials precipitated on the hip bones of 2 half-mummied cases (Goryeong and Gwangmyeong cases) were collected, rehydrated, and examined by a microscope. In the sample from Goryeong-gun (gun=County), ova of Trichuris trichiura, Clonorchis sinensis, and Metagonimus spp. were detected, and eggs of T. trichiura and A. lumbricoides were found from the sample of Gwangmyeong-si (si=City). By adding this outcome to the existing data pool, we confirm our previous estimates of Joseon-period parasite infection rates. The overall rates of A. lumbricoides, T. trichiura, and C. sinensis decreased dramatically from Joseon to the modern period. In Goryeong mummy specimen, we also found Metagonimus spp. eggs that has rarely been detected in archaeological samples so far.

3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53384

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study compared the outcomes of AutoPulseTM compression with manual compression provided by 119 paramedics in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. METHODS: Between March and December 2016, a total of 221 out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients were included for analysis. The patients included were categorized as the AutoPulseTM compression group and manual compression group. Patient's age, sex, pre-hospital intubation, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), initial cardiac rhythm, time from arrest to CPR and CPR duration were reviewed retrospectively. The initial pH, lactate level, white blood cell (WBC) count, delta neutrophil index (DNI), and targeted temperature management status were collected. As clinical outcomes, the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, survival rate, and cerebral performance category (CPC) scale at discharge were analyzed. RESULTS: The initial rhythm and CPR duration were similar in the two groups. On the other hand, the pre-hospital intubation rate and pre-hospital CPR duration were significantly higher in the AutoPulseTM group than the manual group (32.9% vs. 12.7%, p < 0.001; 15.2 vs. 11.9 minutes, p=0.002). The ROSC rate, hospital and ICU length of stay, CPC scale and survival rate at discharge as the clinical outcome were similar in the AutoPulseTM group and manual group. The pH was lower and the lactate level was significantly higher in the AutoPulseTM group than the manual group (6.91 vs. 6.96, p=0.007; 12.8 vs. 11.4 mmol/L, p=0.031), but the WBC and DNI were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSION: The use of AutoPulseTM provided by 119 paramedics in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients is not associated with better clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Allied Health Personnel , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Emergency Medical Technicians , Hand , Heart Arrest , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Intensive Care Units , Intubation , Lactic Acid , Length of Stay , Leukocytes , Neutrophils , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
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